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AL-Bairaq

Science In Sports
5th Cycle
Concrete bowling ball

FA H A D S A E E D JA S S I M A B D U L L A H
FA L E H S A L E M A L - H A J R I H A M A D JA M A L
Outline
Introduction
Activity 1: Hunting for Objects Made of Concrete
Activity 2: Comparing Different Kinds of Cement
Activity 3:Comparing Different Concrete Formulations
Product Idea: Concrete Bowling Ball
Introduction
What is concrete?
Concrete is a composite material composed of aggregate
bonded together with a fluid cement which hardens over time.
Most use of the term "concrete" refers to Portland cement
concrete.

Cement Coarse Fine


Aggregate Water
Aggregate
Activity 1 : Hunting for Concrete objects:
Activity 2
Comparing different cement formulations:
Objectives :
I. Find out how Calcium Chloride (CaCl2)
and Sugar affect the speed of the
chemical reaction time between cement
and water.
Portland Additives
Sample Water
Cement Salt
Sugar
CaCl2

A 200 g 100 ml - -
B 200 g 100 ml - 6g
C 200 g 100 ml 1g -
Conclusion
Sample C hardens faster than the other samples because salt is catalyst
Sample B hardens slower than the other samples because sugar is anit-
catalyst
Activity 3
Comparing different concrete formulations

Objective:
I. Find out how different mixtures
of aggregate affect the Density of
concrete.
Density of
Type of Mass of Volume of sample
sample sample sample

Sample 1:
Coarse 100 g 60 cm3 1.67 g/cm3
aggregate

Sample 2: Fine
100 g 70 cm3 1.42 g/cm3
aggregate

Sample 3 100 g (50g


50 cm3 2 g/cm3
(Mixed): coarse, 50g)
Activity 3
Conclusion:
Sample C which has 50% coarse aggregate to total
aggregate ratio has the highest density

50%
Designing project: Concrete
Bowling Ball
Our target to make a ball that weights less than 5 Kg using the below
materials
Cement
Water
Fly ash
Silica
aggregate
Concrete Balling Ball
The below materials were used to make the ball

Material Cement Kg Sand Kg Fly ash g Silica g Water ml

1.150 2.5 500 550 800


Conclusions

The best ratio for the best bowling ball is


cement:water:aggregate are 1.5:1:3 including
additives to create the best combination possible
for the sturdiest concrete bowling ball.
Acknowledgment
Many thanks to my teachers, school and AL-Bairaq team
from Center for Advanced Materials (CAM), Qatar University
for supporting us during our journey with Al-Bairaq.
Also, I would like to thank the sponsors UNESCO, Qatar
National Commission, Ras Gas and Shell.