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Apndice A

Tablas y demostraciones
estadsticas

725
726 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

r
Tabla A.1 Sumas de probabilidad binomial b(x; n, p)
x= 0

p
n r 0.10 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90
1 0 0.9000 0.8000 0.7500 0.7000 0.6000 0.5000 0.4000 0.3000 0.2000 0.1000
1 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
2 0 0.8100 0.6400 0.5625 0.4900 0.3600 0.2500 0.1600 0.0900 0.0400 0.0100
1 0.9900 0.9600 0.9375 0.9100 0.8400 0.7500 0.6400 0.5100 0.3600 0.1900
2 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
3 0 0.7290 0.5120 0.4219 0.3430 0.2160 0.1250 0.0640 0.0270 0.0080 0.0010
1 0.9720 0.8960 0.8438 0.7840 0.6480 0.5000 0.3520 0.2160 0.1040 0.0280
2 0.9990 0.9920 0.9844 0.9730 0.9360 0.8750 0.7840 0.6570 0.4880 0.2710
3 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
4 0 0.6561 0.4096 0.3164 0.2401 0.1296 0.0625 0.0256 0.0081 0.0016 0.0001
1 0.9477 0.8192 0.7383 0.6517 0.4752 0.3125 0.1792 0.0837 0.0272 0.0037
2 0.9963 0.9728 0.9492 0.9163 0.8208 0.6875 0.5248 0.3483 0.1808 0.0523
3 0.9999 0.9984 0.9961 0.9919 0.9744 0.9375 0.8704 0.7599 0.5904 0.3439
4 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
5 0 0.5905 0.3277 0.2373 0.1681 0.0778 0.0313 0.0102 0.0024 0.0003 0.0000
1 0.9185 0.7373 0.6328 0.5282 0.3370 0.1875 0.0870 0.0308 0.0067 0.0005
2 0.9914 0.9421 0.8965 0.8369 0.6826 0.5000 0.3174 0.1631 0.0579 0.0086
3 0.9995 0.9933 0.9844 0.9692 0.9130 0.8125 0.6630 0.4718 0.2627 0.0815
4 1.0000 0.9997 0.9990 0.9976 0.9898 0.9688 0.9222 0.8319 0.6723 0.4095
5 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
6 0 0.5314 0.2621 0.1780 0.1176 0.0467 0.0156 0.0041 0.0007 0.0001 0.0000
1 0.8857 0.6554 0.5339 0.4202 0.2333 0.1094 0.0410 0.0109 0.0016 0.0001
2 0.9842 0.9011 0.8306 0.7443 0.5443 0.3438 0.1792 0.0705 0.0170 0.0013
3 0.9987 0.9830 0.9624 0.9295 0.8208 0.6563 0.4557 0.2557 0.0989 0.0159
4 0.9999 0.9984 0.9954 0.9891 0.9590 0.8906 0.7667 0.5798 0.3446 0.1143
5 1.0000 0.9999 0.9998 0.9993 0.9959 0.9844 0.9533 0.8824 0.7379 0.4686
6 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
7 0 0.4783 0.2097 0.1335 0.0824 0.0280 0.0078 0.0016 0.0002 0.0000
1 0.8503 0.5767 0.4449 0.3294 0.1586 0.0625 0.0188 0.0038 0.0004 0.0000
2 0.9743 0.8520 0.7564 0.6471 0.4199 0.2266 0.0963 0.0288 0.0047 0.0002
3 0.9973 0.9667 0.9294 0.8740 0.7102 0.5000 0.2898 0.1260 0.0333 0.0027
4 0.9998 0.9953 0.9871 0.9712 0.9037 0.7734 0.5801 0.3529 0.1480 0.0257
5 1.0000 0.9996 0.9987 0.9962 0.9812 0.9375 0.8414 0.6706 0.4233 0.1497
6 1.0000 0.9999 0.9998 0.9984 0.9922 0.9720 0.9176 0.7903 0.5217
7 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Tabla A.1 Sumas de probabilidad binomial 727

r
Tabla A.1 (continuacin) Sumas de probabilidad binomial b(x; n, p)
x= 0

p
n r 0.10 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90
8 0 0.4305 0.1678 0.1001 0.0576 0.0168 0.0039 0.0007 0.0001 0.0000
1 0.8131 0.5033 0.3671 0.2553 0.1064 0.0352 0.0085 0.0013 0.0001
2 0.9619 0.7969 0.6785 0.5518 0.3154 0.1445 0.0498 0.0113 0.0012 0.0000
3 0.9950 0.9437 0.8862 0.8059 0.5941 0.3633 0.1737 0.0580 0.0104 0.0004
4 0.9996 0.9896 0.9727 0.9420 0.8263 0.6367 0.4059 0.1941 0.0563 0.0050
5 1.0000 0.9988 0.9958 0.9887 0.9502 0.8555 0.6846 0.4482 0.2031 0.0381
6 0.9999 0.9996 0.9987 0.9915 0.9648 0.8936 0.7447 0.4967 0.1869
7 1.0000 1.0000 0.9999 0.9993 0.9961 0.9832 0.9424 0.8322 0.5695
8 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
9 0 0.3874 0.1342 0.0751 0.0404 0.0101 0.0020 0.0003 0.0000
1 0.7748 0.4362 0.3003 0.1960 0.0705 0.0195 0.0038 0.0004 0.0000
2 0.9470 0.7382 0.6007 0.4628 0.2318 0.0898 0.0250 0.0043 0.0003 0.0000
3 0.9917 0.9144 0.8343 0.7297 0.4826 0.2539 0.0994 0.0253 0.0031 0.0001
4 0.9991 0.9804 0.9511 0.9012 0.7334 0.5000 0.2666 0.0988 0.0196 0.0009
5 0.9999 0.9969 0.9900 0.9747 0.9006 0.7461 0.5174 0.2703 0.0856 0.0083
6 1.0000 0.9997 0.9987 0.9957 0.9750 0.9102 0.7682 0.5372 0.2618 0.0530
7 1.0000 0.9999 0.9996 0.9962 0.9805 0.9295 0.8040 0.5638 0.2252
8 1.0000 1.0000 0.9997 0.9980 0.9899 0.9596 0.8658 0.6126
9 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
10 0 0.3487 0.1074 0.0563 0.0282 0.0060 0.0010 0.0001 0.0000
1 0.7361 0.3758 0.2440 0.1493 0.0464 0.0107 0.0017 0.0001 0.0000
2 0.9298 0.6778 0.5256 0.3828 0.1673 0.0547 0.0123 0.0016 0.0001
3 0.9872 0.8791 0.7759 0.6496 0.3823 0.1719 0.0548 0.0106 0.0009 0.0000
4 0.9984 0.9672 0.9219 0.8497 0.6331 0.3770 0.1662 0.0473 0.0064 0.0001
5 0.9999 0.9936 0.9803 0.9527 0.8338 0.6230 0.3669 0.1503 0.0328 0.0016
6 1.0000 0.9991 0.9965 0.9894 0.9452 0.8281 0.6177 0.3504 0.1209 0.0128
7 0.9999 0.9996 0.9984 0.9877 0.9453 0.8327 0.6172 0.3222 0.0702
8 1.0000 1.0000 0.9999 0.9983 0.9893 0.9536 0.8507 0.6242 0.2639
9 1.0000 0.9999 0.9990 0.9940 0.9718 0.8926 0.6513
10 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
11 0 0.3138 0.0859 0.0422 0.0198 0.0036 0.0005 0.0000
1 0.6974 0.3221 0.1971 0.1130 0.0302 0.0059 0.0007 0.0000
2 0.9104 0.6174 0.4552 0.3127 0.1189 0.0327 0.0059 0.0006 0.0000
3 0.9815 0.8389 0.7133 0.5696 0.2963 0.1133 0.0293 0.0043 0.0002
4 0.9972 0.9496 0.8854 0.7897 0.5328 0.2744 0.0994 0.0216 0.0020 0.0000
5 0.9997 0.9883 0.9657 0.9218 0.7535 0.5000 0.2465 0.0782 0.0117 0.0003
6 1.0000 0.9980 0.9924 0.9784 0.9006 0.7256 0.4672 0.2103 0.0504 0.0028
7 0.9998 0.9988 0.9957 0.9707 0.8867 0.7037 0.4304 0.1611 0.0185
8 1.0000 0.9999 0.9994 0.9941 0.9673 0.8811 0.6873 0.3826 0.0896
9 1.0000 1.0000 0.9993 0.9941 0.9698 0.8870 0.6779 0.3026
10 1.0000 0.9995 0.9964 0.9802 0.9141 0.6862
11 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
728 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

r
Tabla A.1 (continuacin) Sumas de probabilidad binomial b(x; n, p)
x= 0

p
n r 0.10 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90
12 0 0.2824 0.0687 0.0317 0.0138 0.0022 0.0002 0.0000
1 0.6590 0.2749 0.1584 0.0850 0.0196 0.0032 0.0003 0.0000
2 0.8891 0.5583 0.3907 0.2528 0.0834 0.0193 0.0028 0.0002 0.0000
3 0.9744 0.7946 0.6488 0.4925 0.2253 0.0730 0.0153 0.0017 0.0001
4 0.9957 0.9274 0.8424 0.7237 0.4382 0.1938 0.0573 0.0095 0.0006 0.0000
5 0.9995 0.9806 0.9456 0.8822 0.6652 0.3872 0.1582 0.0386 0.0039 0.0001
6 0.9999 0.9961 0.9857 0.9614 0.8418 0.6128 0.3348 0.1178 0.0194 0.0005
7 1.0000 0.9994 0.9972 0.9905 0.9427 0.8062 0.5618 0.2763 0.0726 0.0043
8 0.9999 0.9996 0.9983 0.9847 0.9270 0.7747 0.5075 0.2054 0.0256
9 1.0000 1.0000 0.9998 0.9972 0.9807 0.9166 0.7472 0.4417 0.1109
10 1.0000 0.9997 0.9968 0.9804 0.9150 0.7251 0.3410
11 1.0000 0.9998 0.9978 0.9862 0.9313 0.7176
12 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
13 0 0.2542 0.0550 0.0238 0.0097 0.0013 0.0001 0.0000
1 0.6213 0.2336 0.1267 0.0637 0.0126 0.0017 0.0001 0.0000
2 0.8661 0.5017 0.3326 0.2025 0.0579 0.0112 0.0013 0.0001
3 0.9658 0.7473 0.5843 0.4206 0.1686 0.0461 0.0078 0.0007 0.0000
4 0.9935 0.9009 0.7940 0.6543 0.3530 0.1334 0.0321 0.0040 0.0002
5 0.9991 0.9700 0.9198 0.8346 0.5744 0.2905 0.0977 0.0182 0.0012 0.0000
6 0.9999 0.9930 0.9757 0.9376 0.7712 0.5000 0.2288 0.0624 0.0070 0.0001
7 1.0000 0.9988 0.9944 0.9818 0.9023 0.7095 0.4256 0.1654 0.0300 0.0009
8 0.9998 0.9990 0.9960 0.9679 0.8666 0.6470 0.3457 0.0991 0.0065
9 1.0000 0.9999 0.9993 0.9922 0.9539 0.8314 0.5794 0.2527 0.0342
10 1.0000 0.9999 0.9987 0.9888 0.9421 0.7975 0.4983 0.1339
11 1.0000 0.9999 0.9983 0.9874 0.9363 0.7664 0.3787
12 1.0000 0.9999 0.9987 0.9903 0.9450 0.7458
13 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
14 0 0.2288 0.0440 0.0178 0.0068 0.0008 0.0001 0.0000
1 0.5846 0.1979 0.1010 0.0475 0.0081 0.0009 0.0001
2 0.8416 0.4481 0.2811 0.1608 0.0398 0.0065 0.0006 0.0000
3 0.9559 0.6982 0.5213 0.3552 0.1243 0.0287 0.0039 0.0002
4 0.9908 0.8702 0.7415 0.5842 0.2793 0.0898 0.0175 0.0017 0.0000
5 0.9985 0.9561 0.8883 0.7805 0.4859 0.2120 0.0583 0.0083 0.0004
6 0.9998 0.9884 0.9617 0.9067 0.6925 0.3953 0.1501 0.0315 0.0024 0.0000
7 1.0000 0.9976 0.9897 0.9685 0.8499 0.6047 0.3075 0.0933 0.0116 0.0002
8 0.9996 0.9978 0.9917 0.9417 0.7880 0.5141 0.2195 0.0439 0.0015
9 1.0000 0.9997 0.9983 0.9825 0.9102 0.7207 0.4158 0.1298 0.0092
10 1.0000 0.9998 0.9961 0.9713 0.8757 0.6448 0.3018 0.0441
11 1.0000 0.9994 0.9935 0.9602 0.8392 0.5519 0.1584
12 0.9999 0.9991 0.9919 0.9525 0.8021 0.4154
13 1.0000 0.9999 0.9992 0.9932 0.9560 0.7712
14 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Tabla A.1 Sumas de probabilidad binomial 729

r
Tabla A.1 (continuacin) Sumas de probabilidad binomial b(x; n, p)
x= 0

p
n r 0.10 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90
15 0 0.2059 0.0352 0.0134 0.0047 0.0005 0.0000
1 0.5490 0.1671 0.0802 0.0353 0.0052 0.0005 0.0000
2 0.8159 0.3980 0.2361 0.1268 0.0271 0.0037 0.0003 0.0000
3 0.9444 0.6482 0.4613 0.2969 0.0905 0.0176 0.0019 0.0001
4 0.9873 0.8358 0.6865 0.5155 0.2173 0.0592 0.0093 0.0007 0.0000
5 0.9978 0.9389 0.8516 0.7216 0.4032 0.1509 0.0338 0.0037 0.0001
6 0.9997 0.9819 0.9434 0.8689 0.6098 0.3036 0.0950 0.0152 0.0008
7 1.0000 0.9958 0.9827 0.9500 0.7869 0.5000 0.2131 0.0500 0.0042 0.0000
8 0.9992 0.9958 0.9848 0.9050 0.6964 0.3902 0.1311 0.0181 0.0003
9 0.9999 0.9992 0.9963 0.9662 0.8491 0.5968 0.2784 0.0611 0.0022
10 1.0000 0.9999 0.9993 0.9907 0.9408 0.7827 0.4845 0.1642 0.0127
11 1.0000 0.9999 0.9981 0.9824 0.9095 0.7031 0.3518 0.0556
12 1.0000 0.9997 0.9963 0.9729 0.8732 0.6020 0.1841
13 1.0000 0.9995 0.9948 0.9647 0.8329 0.4510
14 1.0000 0.9995 0.9953 0.9648 0.7941
15 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000

16 0 0.1853 0.0281 0.0100 0.0033 0.0003 0.0000


1 0.5147 0.1407 0.0635 0.0261 0.0033 0.0003 0.0000
2 0.7892 0.3518 0.1971 0.0994 0.0183 0.0021 0.0001
3 0.9316 0.5981 0.4050 0.2459 0.0651 0.0106 0.0009 0.0000
4 0.9830 0.7982 0.6302 0.4499 0.1666 0.0384 0.0049 0.0003
5 0.9967 0.9183 0.8103 0.6598 0.3288 0.1051 0.0191 0.0016 0.0000
6 0.9995 0.9733 0.9204 0.8247 0.5272 0.2272 0.0583 0.0071 0.0002
7 0.9999 0.9930 0.9729 0.9256 0.7161 0.4018 0.1423 0.0257 0.0015 0.0000
8 1.0000 0.9985 0.9925 0.9743 0.8577 0.5982 0.2839 0.0744 0.0070 0.0001
9 0.9998 0.9984 0.9929 0.9417 0.7728 0.4728 0.1753 0.0267 0.0005
10 1.0000 0.9997 0.9984 0.9809 0.8949 0.6712 0.3402 0.0817 0.0033
11 1.0000 0.9997 0.9951 0.9616 0.8334 0.5501 0.2018 0.0170
12 1.0000 0.9991 0.9894 0.9349 0.7541 0.4019 0.0684
13 0.9999 0.9979 0.9817 0.9006 0.6482 0.2108
14 1.0000 0.9997 0.9967 0.9739 0.8593 0.4853
15 1.0000 0.9997 0.9967 0.9719 0.8147
16 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
730 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

r
Tabla A.1 (continuacin) Sumas de probabilidad binomial b(x; n, p)
x= 0

p
n r 0.10 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90
17 0 0.1668 0.0225 0.0075 0.0023 0.0002 0.0000
1 0.4818 0.1182 0.0501 0.0193 0.0021 0.0001 0.0000
2 0.7618 0.3096 0.1637 0.0774 0.0123 0.0012 0.0001
3 0.9174 0.5489 0.3530 0.2019 0.0464 0.0064 0.0005 0.0000
4 0.9779 0.7582 0.5739 0.3887 0.1260 0.0245 0.0025 0.0001
5 0.9953 0.8943 0.7653 0.5968 0.2639 0.0717 0.0106 0.0007 0.0000
6 0.9992 0.9623 0.8929 0.7752 0.4478 0.1662 0.0348 0.0032 0.0001
7 0.9999 0.9891 0.9598 0.8954 0.6405 0.3145 0.0919 0.0127 0.0005
8 1.0000 0.9974 0.9876 0.9597 0.8011 0.5000 0.1989 0.0403 0.0026 0.0000
9 0.9995 0.9969 0.9873 0.9081 0.6855 0.3595 0.1046 0.0109 0.0001
10 0.9999 0.9994 0.9968 0.9652 0.8338 0.5522 0.2248 0.0377 0.0008
11 1.0000 0.9999 0.9993 0.9894 0.9283 0.7361 0.4032 0.1057 0.0047
12 1.0000 0.9999 0.9975 0.9755 0.8740 0.6113 0.2418 0.0221
13 1.0000 0.9995 0.9936 0.9536 0.7981 0.4511 0.0826
14 0.9999 0.9988 0.9877 0.9226 0.6904 0.2382
15 1.0000 0.9999 0.9979 0.9807 0.8818 0.5182
16 1.0000 0.9998 0.9977 0.9775 0.8332
17 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
18 0 0.1501 0.0180 0.0056 0.0016 0.0001 0.0000
1 0.4503 0.0991 0.0395 0.0142 0.0013 0.0001
2 0.7338 0.2713 0.1353 0.0600 0.0082 0.0007 0.0000
3 0.9018 0.5010 0.3057 0.1646 0.0328 0.0038 0.0002
4 0.9718 0.7164 0.5187 0.3327 0.0942 0.0154 0.0013 0.0000
5 0.9936 0.8671 0.7175 0.5344 0.2088 0.0481 0.0058 0.0003
6 0.9988 0.9487 0.8610 0.7217 0.3743 0.1189 0.0203 0.0014 0.0000
7 0.9998 0.9837 0.9431 0.8593 0.5634 0.2403 0.0576 0.0061 0.0002
8 1.0000 0.9957 0.9807 0.9404 0.7368 0.4073 0.1347 0.0210 0.0009
9 0.9991 0.9946 0.9790 0.8653 0.5927 0.2632 0.0596 0.0043 0.0000
10 0.9998 0.9988 0.9939 0.9424 0.7597 0.4366 0.1407 0.0163 0.0002
11 1.0000 0.9998 0.9986 0.9797 0.8811 0.6257 0.2783 0.0513 0.0012
12 1.0000 0.9997 0.9942 0.9519 0.7912 0.4656 0.1329 0.0064
13 1.0000 0.9987 0.9846 0.9058 0.6673 0.2836 0.0282
14 0.9998 0.9962 0.9672 0.8354 0.4990 0.0982
15 1.0000 0.9993 0.9918 0.9400 0.7287 0.2662
16 0.9999 0.9987 0.9858 0.9009 0.5497
17 1.0000 0.9999 0.9984 0.9820 0.8499
18 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Tabla A.1 Sumas de probabilidad binomial 731

r
Tabla A.1 (continuacin) Sumas de probabilidad binomial b(x; n, p)
x= 0

p
n r 0.10 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90
19 0 0.1351 0.0144 0.0042 0.0011 0.0001
1 0.4203 0.0829 0.0310 0.0104 0.0008 0.0000
2 0.7054 0.2369 0.1113 0.0462 0.0055 0.0004 0.0000
3 0.8850 0.4551 0.2631 0.1332 0.0230 0.0022 0.0001
4 0.9648 0.6733 0.4654 0.2822 0.0696 0.0096 0.0006 0.0000
5 0.9914 0.8369 0.6678 0.4739 0.1629 0.0318 0.0031 0.0001
6 0.9983 0.9324 0.8251 0.6655 0.3081 0.0835 0.0116 0.0006
7 0.9997 0.9767 0.9225 0.8180 0.4878 0.1796 0.0352 0.0028 0.0000
8 1.0000 0.9933 0.9713 0.9161 0.6675 0.3238 0.0885 0.0105 0.0003
9 0.9984 0.9911 0.9674 0.8139 0.5000 0.1861 0.0326 0.0016
10 0.9997 0.9977 0.9895 0.9115 0.6762 0.3325 0.0839 0.0067 0.0000
11 1.0000 0.9995 0.9972 0.9648 0.8204 0.5122 0.1820 0.0233 0.0003
12 0.9999 0.9994 0.9884 0.9165 0.6919 0.3345 0.0676 0.0017
13 1.0000 0.9999 0.9969 0.9682 0.8371 0.5261 0.1631 0.0086
14 1.0000 0.9994 0.9904 0.9304 0.7178 0.3267 0.0352
15 0.9999 0.9978 0.9770 0.8668 0.5449 0.1150
16 1.0000 0.9996 0.9945 0.9538 0.7631 0.2946
17 1.0000 0.9992 0.9896 0.9171 0.5797
18 0.9999 0.9989 0.9856 0.8649
19 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
20 0 0.1216 0.0115 0.0032 0.0008 0.0000
1 0.3917 0.0692 0.0243 0.0076 0.0005 0.0000
2 0.6769 0.2061 0.0913 0.0355 0.0036 0.0002
3 0.8670 0.4114 0.2252 0.1071 0.0160 0.0013 0.0000
4 0.9568 0.6296 0.4148 0.2375 0.0510 0.0059 0.0003
5 0.9887 0.8042 0.6172 0.4164 0.1256 0.0207 0.0016 0.0000
6 0.9976 0.9133 0.7858 0.6080 0.2500 0.0577 0.0065 0.0003
7 0.9996 0.9679 0.8982 0.7723 0.4159 0.1316 0.0210 0.0013 0.0000
8 0.9999 0.9900 0.9591 0.8867 0.5956 0.2517 0.0565 0.0051 0.0001
9 1.0000 0.9974 0.9861 0.9520 0.7553 0.4119 0.1275 0.0171 0.0006
10 0.9994 0.9961 0.9829 0.8725 0.5881 0.2447 0.0480 0.0026 0.0000
11 0.9999 0.9991 0.9949 0.9435 0.7483 0.4044 0.1133 0.0100 0.0001
12 1.0000 0.9998 0.9987 0.9790 0.8684 0.5841 0.2277 0.0321 0.0004
13 1.0000 0.9997 0.9935 0.9423 0.7500 0.3920 0.0867 0.0024
14 1.0000 0.9984 0.9793 0.8744 0.5836 0.1958 0.0113
15 0.9997 0.9941 0.9490 0.7625 0.3704 0.0432
16 1.0000 0.9987 0.9840 0.8929 0.5886 0.1330
17 0.9998 0.9964 0.9645 0.7939 0.3231
18 1.0000 0.9995 0.9924 0.9308 0.6083
19 1.0000 0.9992 0.9885 0.8784
20 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
732 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

r
Tabla A.2 Sumas de probabilidad de Poisson p(x; )
x=0


r 0.1 0.2 0.30 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
0 0.9048 0.8187 0.7408 0.6703 0.6065 0.5488 0.4966 0.4493 0.4066
1 0.9953 0.9825 0.9631 0.9384 0.9098 0.8781 0.8442 0.8088 0.7725
2 0.9998 0.9989 0.9964 0.9921 0.9856 0.9769 0.9659 0.9526 0.9371
3 1.0000 0.9999 0.9997 0.9992 0.9982 0.9966 0.9942 0.9909 0.9865
4 1.0000 1.0000 0.9999 0.9998 0.9996 0.9992 0.9986 0.9977
5 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.9999 0.9998 0.9997
6 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000


r 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0
0 0.3679 0.2231 0.1353 0.0821 0.0498 0.0302 0.0183 0.0111 0.0067
1 0.7358 0.5578 0.4060 0.2873 0.1991 0.1359 0.0916 0.0611 0.0404
2 0.9197 0.8088 0.6767 0.5438 0.4232 0.3208 0.2381 0.1736 0.1247
3 0.9810 0.9344 0.8571 0.7576 0.6472 0.5366 0.4335 0.3423 0.2650
4 0.9963 0.9814 0.9473 0.8912 0.8153 0.7254 0.6288 0.5321 0.4405
5 0.9994 0.9955 0.9834 0.9580 0.9161 0.8576 0.7851 0.7029 0.6160
6 0.9999 0.9991 0.9955 0.9858 0.9665 0.9347 0.8893 0.8311 0.7622
7 1.0000 0.9998 0.9989 0.9958 0.9881 0.9733 0.9489 0.9134 0.8666
8 1.0000 0.9998 0.9989 0.9962 0.9901 0.9786 0.9597 0.9319
9 1.0000 0.9997 0.9989 0.9967 0.9919 0.9829 0.9682
10 0.9999 0.9997 0.9990 0.9972 0.9933 0.9863
11 1.0000 0.9999 0.9997 0.9991 0.9976 0.9945
12 1.0000 0.9999 0.9997 0.9992 0.9980
13 1.0000 0.9999 0.9997 0.9993
14 1.0000 0.9999 0.9998
15 1.0000 0.9999
16 1.0000
Tabla A.2 Sumas de probabilidad de Poisson 733

r
Tabla A.2 (continuacin) Sumas de probabilidad de Poisson p(x; )
x=0


r 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5
0 0.0041 0.0025 0.0015 0.0009 0.0006 0.0003 0.0002 0.0001 0.0001
1 0.0266 0.0174 0.0113 0.0073 0.0047 0.0030 0.0019 0.0012 0.0008
2 0.0884 0.0620 0.0430 0.0296 0.0203 0.0138 0.0093 0.0062 0.0042
3 0.2017 0.1512 0.1118 0.0818 0.0591 0.0424 0.0301 0.0212 0.0149
4 0.3575 0.2851 0.2237 0.1730 0.1321 0.0996 0.0744 0.0550 0.0403
5 0.5289 0.4457 0.3690 0.3007 0.2414 0.1912 0.1496 0.1157 0.0885
6 0.6860 0.6063 0.5265 0.4497 0.3782 0.3134 0.2562 0.2068 0.1649
7 0.8095 0.7440 0.6728 0.5987 0.5246 0.4530 0.3856 0.3239 0.2687
8 0.8944 0.8472 0.7916 0.7291 0.6620 0.5925 0.5231 0.4557 0.3918
9 0.9462 0.9161 0.8774 0.8305 0.7764 0.7166 0.6530 0.5874 0.5218
10 0.9747 0.9574 0.9332 0.9015 0.8622 0.8159 0.7634 0.7060 0.6453
11 0.9890 0.9799 0.9661 0.9467 0.9208 0.8881 0.8487 0.8030 0.7520
12 0.9955 0.9912 0.9840 0.9730 0.9573 0.9362 0.9091 0.8758 0.8364
13 0.9983 0.9964 0.9929 0.9872 0.9784 0.9658 0.9486 0.9261 0.8981
14 0.9994 0.9986 0.9970 0.9943 0.9897 0.9827 0.9726 0.9585 0.9400
15 0.9998 0.9995 0.9988 0.9976 0.9954 0.9918 0.9862 0.9780 0.9665
16 0.9999 0.9998 0.9996 0.9990 0.9980 0.9963 0.9934 0.9889 0.9823
17 1.0000 0.9999 0.9998 0.9996 0.9992 0.9984 0.9970 0.9947 0.9911
18 1.0000 0.9999 0.9999 0.9997 0.9993 0.9987 0.9976 0.9957
19 1.0000 1.0000 0.9999 0.9997 0.9995 0.9989 0.9980
20 0.9999 0.9998 0.9996 0.9991
21 1.0000 0.9999 0.9998 0.9996
22 1.0000 0.9999 0.9999
23 1.0000 0.9999
24 1.0000
734 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

r
Tabla A.2 (continuacin) Sumas de probabilidad de Poisson p(x; )
x=0


r 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 17.0 18.0
0 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
1 0.0005 0.0002 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000
2 0.0028 0.0012 0.0005 0.0002 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000
3 0.0103 0.0049 0.0023 0.0011 0.0005 0.0002 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000
4 0.0293 0.0151 0.0076 0.0037 0.0018 0.0009 0.0004 0.0002 0.0001
5 0.0671 0.0375 0.0203 0.0107 0.0055 0.0028 0.0014 0.0007 0.0003
6 0.1301 0.0786 0.0458 0.0259 0.0142 0.0076 0.0040 0.0021 0.0010
7 0.2202 0.1432 0.0895 0.0540 0.0316 0.0180 0.0100 0.0054 0.0029
8 0.3328 0.2320 0.1550 0.0998 0.0621 0.0374 0.0220 0.0126 0.0071
9 0.4579 0.3405 0.2424 0.1658 0.1094 0.0699 0.0433 0.0261 0.0154
10 0.5830 0.4599 0.3472 0.2517 0.1757 0.1185 0.0774 0.0491 0.0304
11 0.6968 0.5793 0.4616 0.3532 0.2600 0.1848 0.1270 0.0847 0.0549
12 0.7916 0.6887 0.5760 0.4631 0.3585 0.2676 0.1931 0.1350 0.0917
13 0.8645 0.7813 0.6815 0.5730 0.4644 0.3632 0.2745 0.2009 0.1426
14 0.9165 0.8540 0.7720 0.6751 0.5704 0.4657 0.3675 0.2808 0.2081
15 0.9513 0.9074 0.8444 0.7636 0.6694 0.5681 0.4667 0.3715 0.2867
16 0.9730 0.9441 0.8987 0.8355 0.7559 0.6641 0.5660 0.4677 0.3751
17 0.9857 0.9678 0.9370 0.8905 0.8272 0.7489 0.6593 0.5640 0.4686
18 0.9928 0.9823 0.9626 0.9302 0.8826 0.8195 0.7423 0.6550 0.5622
19 0.9965 0.9907 0.9787 0.9573 0.9235 0.8752 0.8122 0.7363 0.6509
20 0.9984 0.9953 0.9884 0.9750 0.9521 0.9170 0.8682 0.8055 0.7307
21 0.9993 0.9977 0.9939 0.9859 0.9712 0.9469 0.9108 0.8615 0.7991
22 0.9997 0.9990 0.9970 0.9924 0.9833 0.9673 0.9418 0.9047 0.8551
23 0.9999 0.9995 0.9985 0.9960 0.9907 0.9805 0.9633 0.9367 0.8989
24 1.0000 0.9998 0.9993 0.9980 0.9950 0.9888 0.9777 0.9594 0.9317
25 0.9999 0.9997 0.9990 0.9974 0.9938 0.9869 0.9748 0.9554
26 1.0000 0.9999 0.9995 0.9987 0.9967 0.9925 0.9848 0.9718
27 0.9999 0.9998 0.9994 0.9983 0.9959 0.9912 0.9827
28 1.0000 0.9999 0.9997 0.9991 0.9978 0.9950 0.9897
29 1.0000 0.9999 0.9996 0.9989 0.9973 0.9941
30 0.9999 0.9998 0.9994 0.9986 0.9967
31 1.0000 0.9999 0.9997 0.9993 0.9982
32 1.0000 0.9999 0.9996 0.9990
33 0.9999 0.9998 0.9995
34 1.0000 0.9999 0.9998
35 1.0000 0.9999
36 0.9999
37 1.0000
Tabla A.3 reas bajo la curva normal 735

rea

Tabla A.3 reas bajo la curva normal 0 z

z .00 .01 .02 .03 .04 .05 .06 .07 .08 .09
3.4 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0002
3.3 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005 0.0004 0.0004 0.0004 0.0004 0.0004 0.0004 0.0003
3.2 0.0007 0.0007 0.0006 0.0006 0.0006 0.0006 0.0006 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005
3.1 0.0010 0.0009 0.0009 0.0009 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0007 0.0007
3.0 0.0013 0.0013 0.0013 0.0012 0.0012 0.0011 0.0011 0.0011 0.0010 0.0010
2.9 0.0019 0.0018 0.0018 0.0017 0.0016 0.0016 0.0015 0.0015 0.0014 0.0014
2.8 0.0026 0.0025 0.0024 0.0023 0.0023 0.0022 0.0021 0.0021 0.0020 0.0019
2.7 0.0035 0.0034 0.0033 0.0032 0.0031 0.0030 0.0029 0.0028 0.0027 0.0026
2.6 0.0047 0.0045 0.0044 0.0043 0.0041 0.0040 0.0039 0.0038 0.0037 0.0036
2.5 0.0062 0.0060 0.0059 0.0057 0.0055 0.0054 0.0052 0.0051 0.0049 0.0048
2.4 0.0082 0.0080 0.0078 0.0075 0.0073 0.0071 0.0069 0.0068 0.0066 0.0064
2.3 0.0107 0.0104 0.0102 0.0099 0.0096 0.0094 0.0091 0.0089 0.0087 0.0084
2.2 0.0139 0.0136 0.0132 0.0129 0.0125 0.0122 0.0119 0.0116 0.0113 0.0110
2.1 0.0179 0.0174 0.0170 0.0166 0.0162 0.0158 0.0154 0.0150 0.0146 0.0143
2.0 0.0228 0.0222 0.0217 0.0212 0.0207 0.0202 0.0197 0.0192 0.0188 0.0183
1.9 0.0287 0.0281 0.0274 0.0268 0.0262 0.0256 0.0250 0.0244 0.0239 0.0233
1.8 0.0359 0.0351 0.0344 0.0336 0.0329 0.0322 0.0314 0.0307 0.0301 0.0294
1.7 0.0446 0.0436 0.0427 0.0418 0.0409 0.0401 0.0392 0.0384 0.0375 0.0367
1.6 0.0548 0.0537 0.0526 0.0516 0.0505 0.0495 0.0485 0.0475 0.0465 0.0455
1.5 0.0668 0.0655 0.0643 0.0630 0.0618 0.0606 0.0594 0.0582 0.0571 0.0559
1.4 0.0808 0.0793 0.0778 0.0764 0.0749 0.0735 0.0721 0.0708 0.0694 0.0681
1.3 0.0968 0.0951 0.0934 0.0918 0.0901 0.0885 0.0869 0.0853 0.0838 0.0823
1.2 0.1151 0.1131 0.1112 0.1093 0.1075 0.1056 0.1038 0.1020 0.1003 0.0985
1.1 0.1357 0.1335 0.1314 0.1292 0.1271 0.1251 0.1230 0.1210 0.1190 0.1170
1.0 0.1587 0.1562 0.1539 0.1515 0.1492 0.1469 0.1446 0.1423 0.1401 0.1379
0.9 0.1841 0.1814 0.1788 0.1762 0.1736 0.1711 0.1685 0.1660 0.1635 0.1611
0.8 0.2119 0.2090 0.2061 0.2033 0.2005 0.1977 0.1949 0.1922 0.1894 0.1867
0.7 0.2420 0.2389 0.2358 0.2327 0.2296 0.2266 0.2236 0.2206 0.2177 0.2148
0.6 0.2743 0.2709 0.2676 0.2643 0.2611 0.2578 0.2546 0.2514 0.2483 0.2451
0.5 0.3085 0.3050 0.3015 0.2981 0.2946 0.2912 0.2877 0.2843 0.2810 0.2776
0.4 0.3446 0.3409 0.3372 0.3336 0.3300 0.3264 0.3228 0.3192 0.3156 0.3121
0.3 0.3821 0.3783 0.3745 0.3707 0.3669 0.3632 0.3594 0.3557 0.3520 0.3483
0.2 0.4207 0.4168 0.4129 0.4090 0.4052 0.4013 0.3974 0.3936 0.3897 0.3859
0.1 0.4602 0.4562 0.4522 0.4483 0.4443 0.4404 0.4364 0.4325 0.4286 0.4247
0.0 0.5000 0.4960 0.4920 0.4880 0.4840 0.4801 0.4761 0.4721 0.4681 0.4641
736 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.3 (continuacin) reas bajo la curva normal


z .00 .01 .02 .03 .04 .05 .06 .07 .08 .09
0.0 0.5000 0.5040 0.5080 0.5120 0.5160 0.5199 0.5239 0.5279 0.5319 0.5359
0.1 0.5398 0.5438 0.5478 0.5517 0.5557 0.5596 0.5636 0.5675 0.5714 0.5753
0.2 0.5793 0.5832 0.5871 0.5910 0.5948 0.5987 0.6026 0.6064 0.6103 0.6141
0.3 0.6179 0.6217 0.6255 0.6293 0.6331 0.6368 0.6406 0.6443 0.6480 0.6517
0.4 0.6554 0.6591 0.6628 0.6664 0.6700 0.6736 0.6772 0.6808 0.6844 0.6879
0.5 0.6915 0.6950 0.6985 0.7019 0.7054 0.7088 0.7123 0.7157 0.7190 0.7224
0.6 0.7257 0.7291 0.7324 0.7357 0.7389 0.7422 0.7454 0.7486 0.7517 0.7549
0.7 0.7580 0.7611 0.7642 0.7673 0.7704 0.7734 0.7764 0.7794 0.7823 0.7852
0.8 0.7881 0.7910 0.7939 0.7967 0.7995 0.8023 0.8051 0.8078 0.8106 0.8133
0.9 0.8159 0.8186 0.8212 0.8238 0.8264 0.8289 0.8315 0.8340 0.8365 0.8389
1.0 0.8413 0.8438 0.8461 0.8485 0.8508 0.8531 0.8554 0.8577 0.8599 0.8621
1.1 0.8643 0.8665 0.8686 0.8708 0.8729 0.8749 0.8770 0.8790 0.8810 0.8830
1.2 0.8849 0.8869 0.8888 0.8907 0.8925 0.8944 0.8962 0.8980 0.8997 0.9015
1.3 0.9032 0.9049 0.9066 0.9082 0.9099 0.9115 0.9131 0.9147 0.9162 0.9177
1.4 0.9192 0.9207 0.9222 0.9236 0.9251 0.9265 0.9279 0.9292 0.9306 0.9319
1.5 0.9332 0.9345 0.9357 0.9370 0.9382 0.9394 0.9406 0.9418 0.9429 0.9441
1.6 0.9452 0.9463 0.9474 0.9484 0.9495 0.9505 0.9515 0.9525 0.9535 0.9545
1.7 0.9554 0.9564 0.9573 0.9582 0.9591 0.9599 0.9608 0.9616 0.9625 0.9633
1.8 0.9641 0.9649 0.9656 0.9664 0.9671 0.9678 0.9686 0.9693 0.9699 0.9706
1.9 0.9713 0.9719 0.9726 0.9732 0.9738 0.9744 0.9750 0.9756 0.9761 0.9767
2.0 0.9772 0.9778 0.9783 0.9788 0.9793 0.9798 0.9803 0.9808 0.9812 0.9817
2.1 0.9821 0.9826 0.9830 0.9834 0.9838 0.9842 0.9846 0.9850 0.9854 0.9857
2.2 0.9861 0.9864 0.9868 0.9871 0.9875 0.9878 0.9881 0.9884 0.9887 0.9890
2.3 0.9893 0.9896 0.9898 0.9901 0.9904 0.9906 0.9909 0.9911 0.9913 0.9916
2.4 0.9918 0.9920 0.9922 0.9925 0.9927 0.9929 0.9931 0.9932 0.9934 0.9936
2.5 0.9938 0.9940 0.9941 0.9943 0.9945 0.9946 0.9948 0.9949 0.9951 0.9952
2.6 0.9953 0.9955 0.9956 0.9957 0.9959 0.9960 0.9961 0.9962 0.9963 0.9964
2.7 0.9965 0.9966 0.9967 0.9968 0.9969 0.9970 0.9971 0.9972 0.9973 0.9974
2.8 0.9974 0.9975 0.9976 0.9977 0.9977 0.9978 0.9979 0.9979 0.9980 0.9981
2.9 0.9981 0.9982 0.9982 0.9983 0.9984 0.9984 0.9985 0.9985 0.9986 0.9986
3.0 0.9987 0.9987 0.9987 0.9988 0.9988 0.9989 0.9989 0.9989 0.9990 0.9990
3.1 0.9990 0.9991 0.9991 0.9991 0.9992 0.9992 0.9992 0.9992 0.9993 0.9993
3.2 0.9993 0.9993 0.9994 0.9994 0.9994 0.9994 0.9994 0.9995 0.9995 0.9995
3.3 0.9995 0.9995 0.9995 0.9996 0.9996 0.9996 0.9996 0.9996 0.9996 0.9997
3.4 0.9997 0.9997 0.9997 0.9997 0.9997 0.9997 0.9997 0.9997 0.9997 0.9998
Tabla A.4 Valores crticos de la distribucin t 737


Tabla A.4 Valores crticos de la distribucin t 0 t


v 0.40 0.30 0.20 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.025
1 0.325 0.727 1.376 1.963 3.078 6.314 12.706
2 0.289 0.617 1.061 1.386 1.886 2.920 4.303
3 0.277 0.584 0.978 1.250 1.638 2.353 3.182
4 0.271 0.569 0.941 1.190 1.533 2.132 2.776
5 0.267 0.559 0.920 1.156 1.476 2.015 2.571
6 0.265 0.553 0.906 1.134 1.440 1.943 2.447
7 0.263 0.549 0.896 1.119 1.415 1.895 2.365
8 0.262 0.546 0.889 1.108 1.397 1.860 2.306
9 0.261 0.543 0.883 1.100 1.383 1.833 2.262
10 0.260 0.542 0.879 1.093 1.372 1.812 2.228
11 0.260 0.540 0.876 1.088 1.363 1.796 2.201
12 0.259 0.539 0.873 1.083 1.356 1.782 2.179
13 0.259 0.538 0.870 1.079 1.350 1.771 2.160
14 0.258 0.537 0.868 1.076 1.345 1.761 2.145
15 0.258 0.536 0.866 1.074 1.341 1.753 2.131
16 0.258 0.535 0.865 1.071 1.337 1.746 2.120
17 0.257 0.534 0.863 1.069 1.333 1.740 2.110
18 0.257 0.534 0.862 1.067 1.330 1.734 2.101
19 0.257 0.533 0.861 1.066 1.328 1.729 2.093
20 0.257 0.533 0.860 1.064 1.325 1.725 2.086
21 0.257 0.532 0.859 1.063 1.323 1.721 2.080
22 0.256 0.532 0.858 1.061 1.321 1.717 2.074
23 0.256 0.532 0.858 1.060 1.319 1.714 2.069
24 0.256 0.531 0.857 1.059 1.318 1.711 2.064
25 0.256 0.531 0.856 1.058 1.316 1.708 2.060
26 0.256 0.531 0.856 1.058 1.315 1.706 2.056
27 0.256 0.531 0.855 1.057 1.314 1.703 2.052
28 0.256 0.530 0.855 1.056 1.313 1.701 2.048
29 0.256 0.530 0.854 1.055 1.311 1.699 2.045
30 0.256 0.530 0.854 1.055 1.310 1.697 2.042
40 0.255 0.529 0.851 1.050 1.303 1.684 2.021
60 0.254 0.527 0.848 1.045 1.296 1.671 2.000
120 0.254 0.526 0.845 1.041 1.289 1.658 1.980
0.253 0.524 0.842 1.036 1.282 1.645 1.960
738 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.4 (continuacin) Valores crticos de la distribucin t



v 0.02 0.015 0.01 0.0075 0.005 0.0025 0.0005
1 15.894 21.205 31.821 42.433 63.656 127.321 636.578
2 4.849 5.643 6.965 8.073 9.925 14.089 31.600
3 3.482 3.896 4.541 5.047 5.841 7.453 12.924
4 2.999 3.298 3.747 4.088 4.604 5.598 8.610
5 2.757 3.003 3.365 3.634 4.032 4.773 6.869
6 2.612 2.829 3.143 3.372 3.707 4.317 5.959
7 2.517 2.715 2.998 3.203 3.499 4.029 5.408
8 2.449 2.634 2.896 3.085 3.355 3.833 5.041
9 2.398 2.574 2.821 2.998 3.250 3.690 4.781
10 2.359 2.527 2.764 2.932 3.169 3.581 4.587
11 2.328 2.491 2.718 2.879 3.106 3.497 4.437
12 2.303 2.461 2.681 2.836 3.055 3.428 4.318
13 2.282 2.436 2.650 2.801 3.012 3.372 4.221
14 2.264 2.415 2.624 2.771 2.977 3.326 4.140
15 2.249 2.397 2.602 2.746 2.947 3.286 4.073
16 2.235 2.382 2.583 2.724 2.921 3.252 4.015
17 2.224 2.368 2.567 2.706 2.898 3.222 3.965
18 2.214 2.356 2.552 2.689 2.878 3.197 3.922
19 2.205 2.346 2.539 2.674 2.861 3.174 3.883
20 2.197 2.336 2.528 2.661 2.845 3.153 3.850
21 2.189 2.328 2.518 2.649 2.831 3.135 3.819
22 2.183 2.320 2.508 2.639 2.819 3.119 3.792
23 2.177 2.313 2.500 2.629 2.807 3.104 3.768
24 2.172 2.307 2.492 2.620 2.797 3.091 3.745
25 2.167 2.301 2.485 2.612 2.787 3.078 3.725
26 2.162 2.296 2.479 2.605 2.779 3.067 3.707
27 2.158 2.291 2.473 2.598 2.771 3.057 3.689
28 2.154 2.286 2.467 2.592 2.763 3.047 3.674
29 2.150 2.282 2.462 2.586 2.756 3.038 3.660
30 2.147 2.278 2.457 2.581 2.750 3.030 3.646
40 2.123 2.250 2.423 2.542 2.704 2.971 3.551
60 2.099 2.223 2.390 2.504 2.660 2.915 3.460
120 2.076 2.196 2.358 2.468 2.617 2.860 3.373
2.054 2.170 2.326 2.432 2.576 2.807 3.290
Tabla A.5 Valores crticos de la distribucin chi cuadrada 739

Tabla A.5 Valores crticos de la distribucin chi cuadrada 0 2


v 0.995 0.99 0.98 0.975 0.95 0.90 0.80 0.75 0.70 0.50
1 0.04393 0.03157 0.03628 0.03982 0.00393 0.0158 0.0642 0.102 0.148 0.455
2 0.0100 0.0201 0.0404 0.0506 0.103 0.211 0.446 0.575 0.713 1.386
3 0.0717 0.115 0.185 0.216 0.352 0.584 1.005 1.213 1.424 2.366
4 0.207 0.297 0.429 0.484 0.711 1.064 1.649 1.923 2.195 3.357
5 0.412 0.554 0.752 0.831 1.145 1.610 2.343 2.675 3.000 4.351
6 0.676 0.872 1.134 1.237 1.635 2.204 3.070 3.455 3.828 5.348
7 0.989 1.239 1.564 1.690 2.167 2.833 3.822 4.255 4.671 6.346
8 1.344 1.647 2.032 2.180 2.733 3.490 4.594 5.071 5.527 7.344
9 1.735 2.088 2.532 2.700 3.325 4.168 5.380 5.899 6.393 8.343
10 2.156 2.558 3.059 3.247 3.940 4.865 6.179 6.737 7.267 9.342
11 2.603 3.053 3.609 3.816 4.575 5.578 6.989 7.584 8.148 10.341
12 3.074 3.571 4.178 4.404 5.226 6.304 7.807 8.438 9.034 11.340
13 3.565 4.107 4.765 5.009 5.892 7.041 8.634 9.299 9.926 12.340
14 4.075 4.660 5.368 5.629 6.571 7.790 9.467 10.165 10.821 13.339
15 4.601 5.229 5.985 6.262 7.261 8.547 10.307 11.037 11.721 14.339
16 5.142 5.812 6.614 6.908 7.962 9.312 11.152 11.912 12.624 15.338
17 5.697 6.408 7.255 7.564 8.672 10.085 12.002 12.792 13.531 16.338
18 6.265 7.015 7.906 8.231 9.390 10.865 12.857 13.675 14.440 17.338
19 6.844 7.633 8.567 8.907 10.117 11.651 13.716 14.562 15.352 18.338
20 7.434 8.260 9.237 9.591 10.851 12.443 14.578 15.452 16.266 19.337
21 8.034 8.897 9.915 10.283 11.591 13.240 15.445 16.344 17.182 20.337
22 8.643 9.542 10.600 10.982 12.338 14.041 16.314 17.240 18.101 21.337
23 9.260 10.196 11.293 11.689 13.091 14.848 17.187 18.137 19.021 22.337
24 9.886 10.856 11.992 12.401 13.848 15.659 18.062 19.037 19.943 23.337
25 10.520 11.524 12.697 13.120 14.611 16.473 18.940 19.939 20.867 24.337
26 11.160 12.198 13.409 13.844 15.379 17.292 19.820 20.843 21.792 25.336
27 11.808 12.878 14.125 14.573 16.151 18.114 20.703 21.749 22.719 26.336
28 12.461 13.565 14.847 15.308 16.928 18.939 21.588 22.657 23.647 27.336
29 13.121 14.256 15.574 16.047 17.708 19.768 22.475 23.567 24.577 28.336
30 13.787 14.953 16.306 16.791 18.493 20.599 23.364 24.478 25.508 29.336
40 20.707 22.164 23.838 24.433 26.509 29.051 32.345 33.66 34.872 39.335
50 27.991 29.707 31.664 32.357 34.764 37.689 41.449 42.942 44.313 49.335
60 35.534 37.485 39.699 40.482 43.188 46.459 50.641 52.294 53.809 59.335
740 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.5 (continuacin) Valores crticos de la distribucin chi cuadrada



v 0.30 0.25 0.20 0.10 0.05 0.025 0.02 0.01 0.005 0.001
1 1.074 1.323 1.642 2.706 3.841 5.024 5.412 6.635 7.879 10.827
2 2.408 2.773 3.219 4.605 5.991 7.378 7.824 9.210 10.597 13.815
3 3.665 4.108 4.642 6.251 7.815 9.348 9.837 11.345 12.838 16.266
4 4.878 5.385 5.989 7.779 9.488 11.143 11.668 13.277 14.860 18.466
5 6.064 6.626 7.289 9.236 11.070 12.832 13.388 15.086 16.750 20.515
6 7.231 7.841 8.558 10.645 12.592 14.449 15.033 16.812 18.548 22.457
7 8.383 9.037 9.803 12.017 14.067 16.013 16.622 18.475 20.278 24.321
8 9.524 10.219 11.030 13.362 15.507 17.535 18.168 20.090 21.955 26.124
9 10.656 11.389 12.242 14.684 16.919 19.023 19.679 21.666 23.589 27.877
10 11.781 12.549 13.442 15.987 18.307 20.483 21.161 23.209 25.188 29.588
11 12.899 13.701 14.631 17.275 19.675 21.920 22.618 24.725 26.757 31.264
12 14.011 14.845 15.812 18.549 21.026 23.337 24.054 26.217 28.300 32.909
13 15.119 15.984 16.985 19.812 22.362 24.736 25.471 27.688 29.819 34.527
14 16.222 17.117 18.151 21.064 23.685 26.119 26.873 29.141 31.319 36.124
15 17.322 18.245 19.311 22.307 24.996 27.488 28.259 30.578 32.801 37.698
16 18.418 19.369 20.465 23.542 26.296 28.845 29.633 32.000 34.267 39.252
17 19.511 20.489 21.615 24.769 27.587 30.191 30.995 33.409 35.718 40.791
18 20.601 21.605 22.760 25.989 28.869 31.526 32.346 34.805 37.156 42.312
19 21.689 22.718 23.900 27.204 30.144 32.852 33.687 36.191 38.582 43.819
20 22.775 23.828 25.038 28.412 31.410 34.170 35.020 37.566 39.997 45.314
21 23.858 24.935 26.171 29.615 32.671 35.479 36.343 38.932 41.401 46.796
22 24.939 26.039 27.301 30.813 33.924 36.781 37.659 40.289 42.796 48.268
23 26.018 27.141 28.429 32.007 35.172 38.076 38.968 41.638 44.181 49.728
24 27.096 28.241 29.553 33.196 36.415 39.364 40.270 42.980 45.558 51.179
25 28.172 29.339 30.675 34.382 37.652 40.646 41.566 44.314 46.928 52.619
26 29.246 30.435 31.795 35.563 38.885 41.923 42.856 45.642 48.290 54.051
27 30.319 31.528 32.912 36.741 40.113 43.195 44.140 46.963 49.645 55.475
28 31.391 32.620 34.027 37.916 41.337 44.461 45.419 48.278 50.994 56.892
29 32.461 33.711 35.139 39.087 42.557 45.722 46.693 49.588 52.335 58.301
30 33.530 34.800 36.250 40.256 43.773 46.979 47.962 50.892 53.672 59.702
40 44.165 45.616 47.269 51.805 55.758 59.342 60.436 63.691 66.766 73.403
50 54.723 56.334 58.164 63.167 67.505 71.420 72.613 76.154 79.490 86.660
60 65.226 66.981 68.972 74.397 79.082 83.298 84.58 88.379 91.952 99.608
Tabla A.6 Valores crticos de la distribucin F 741


Tabla A.6 Valores crticos de la distribucin F 0 f

f0.05(v1, v2)
v1
v2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1 161.45 199.50 215.71 224.58 230.16 233.99 236.77 238.88 240.54
2 18.51 19.00 19.16 19.25 19.30 19.33 19.35 19.37 19.38
3 10.13 9.55 9.28 9.12 9.01 8.94 8.89 8.85 8.81
4 7.71 6.94 6.59 6.39 6.26 6.16 6.09 6.04 6.00
5 6.61 5.79 5.41 5.19 5.05 4.95 4.88 4.82 4.77
6 5.99 5.14 4.76 4.53 4.39 4.28 4.21 4.15 4.10
7 5.59 4.74 4.35 4.12 3.97 3.87 3.79 3.73 3.68
8 5.32 4.46 4.07 3.84 3.69 3.58 3.50 3.44 3.39
9 5.12 4.26 3.86 3.63 3.48 3.37 3.29 3.23 3.18
10 4.96 4.10 3.71 3.48 3.33 3.22 3.14 3.07 3.02
11 4.84 3.98 3.59 3.36 3.20 3.09 3.01 2.95 2.90
12 4.75 3.89 3.49 3.26 3.11 3.00 2.91 2.85 2.80
13 4.67 3.81 3.41 3.18 3.03 2.92 2.83 2.77 2.71
14 4.60 3.74 3.34 3.11 2.96 2.85 2.76 2.70 2.65
15 4.54 3.68 3.29 3.06 2.90 2.79 2.71 2.64 2.59
16 4.49 3.63 3.24 3.01 2.85 2.74 2.66 2.59 2.54
17 4.45 3.59 3.20 2.96 2.81 2.70 2.61 2.55 2.49
18 4.41 3.55 3.16 2.93 2.77 2.66 2.58 2.51 2.46
19 4.38 3.52 3.13 2.90 2.74 2.63 2.54 2.48 2.42
20 4.35 3.49 3.10 2.87 2.71 2.60 2.51 2.45 2.39
21 4.32 3.47 3.07 2.84 2.68 2.57 2.49 2.42 2.37
22 4.30 3.44 3.05 2.82 2.66 2.55 2.46 2.40 2.34
23 4.28 3.42 3.03 2.80 2.64 2.53 2.44 2.37 2.32
24 4.26 3.40 3.01 2.78 2.62 2.51 2.42 2.36 2.30
25 4.24 3.39 2.99 2.76 2.60 2.49 2.40 2.34 2.28
26 4.23 3.37 2.98 2.74 2.59 2.47 2.39 2.32 2.27
27 4.21 3.35 2.96 2.73 2.57 2.46 2.37 2.31 2.25
28 4.20 3.34 2.95 2.71 2.56 2.45 2.36 2.29 2.24
29 4.18 3.33 2.93 2.70 2.55 2.43 2.35 2.28 2.22
30 4.17 3.32 2.92 2.69 2.53 2.42 2.33 2.27 2.21
40 4.08 3.23 2.84 2.61 2.45 2.34 2.25 2.18 2.12
60 4.00 3.15 2.76 2.53 2.37 2.25 2.17 2.10 2.04
120 3.92 3.07 2.68 2.45 2.29 2.18 2.09 2.02 1.96
3.84 3.00 2.60 2.37 2.21 2.10 2.01 1.94 1.88
Reproducida de la tabla 18 de Biometrika Tables for Statisticians, Vol. I, con autorizacin de E.S. Pearson
y Biometrika Trustees.
742 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.6 (continuacin) Valores crticos de la distribucin F


f0.05(v1, v2)
v1
v2 10 12 15 20 24 30 40 60 120
1 241.88 243.91 245.95 248.01 249.05 250.10 251.14 252.20 253.25 254.31
2 19.40 19.41 19.43 19.45 19.45 19.46 19.47 19.48 19.49 19.50
3 8.79 8.74 8.70 8.66 8.64 8.62 8.59 8.57 8.55 8.53
4 5.96 5.91 5.86 5.80 5.77 5.75 5.72 5.69 5.66 5.63
5 4.74 4.68 4.62 4.56 4.53 4.50 4.46 4.43 4.40 4.36
6 4.06 4.00 3.94 3.87 3.84 3.81 3.77 3.74 3.70 3.67
7 3.64 3.57 3.51 3.44 3.41 3.38 3.34 3.30 3.27 3.23
8 3.35 3.28 3.22 3.15 3.12 3.08 3.04 3.01 2.97 2.93
9 3.14 3.07 3.01 2.94 2.90 2.86 2.83 2.79 2.75 2.71
10 2.98 2.91 2.85 2.77 2.74 2.70 2.66 2.62 2.58 2.54
11 2.85 2.79 2.72 2.65 2.61 2.57 2.53 2.49 2.45 2.40
12 2.75 2.69 2.62 2.54 2.51 2.47 2.43 2.38 2.34 2.30
13 2.67 2.60 2.53 2.46 2.42 2.38 2.34 2.30 2.25 2.21
14 2.60 2.53 2.46 2.39 2.35 2.31 2.27 2.22 2.18 2.13
15 2.54 2.48 2.40 2.33 2.29 2.25 2.20 2.16 2.11 2.07
16 2.49 2.42 2.35 2.28 2.24 2.19 2.15 2.11 2.06 2.01
17 2.45 2.38 2.31 2.23 2.19 2.15 2.10 2.06 2.01 1.96
18 2.41 2.34 2.27 2.19 2.15 2.11 2.06 2.02 1.97 1.92
19 2.38 2.31 2.23 2.16 2.11 2.07 2.03 1.98 1.93 1.88
20 2.35 2.28 2.20 2.12 2.08 2.04 1.99 1.95 1.90 1.84
21 2.32 2.25 2.18 2.10 2.05 2.01 1.96 1.92 1.87 1.81
22 2.30 2.23 2.15 2.07 2.03 1.98 1.94 1.89 1.84 1.78
23 2.27 2.20 2.13 2.05 2.01 1.96 1.91 1.86 1.81 1.76
24 2.25 2.18 2.11 2.03 1.98 1.94 1.89 1.84 1.79 1.73
25 2.24 2.16 2.09 2.01 1.96 1.92 1.87 1.82 1.77 1.71
26 2.22 2.15 2.07 1.99 1.95 1.90 1.85 1.80 1.75 1.69
27 2.20 2.13 2.06 1.97 1.93 1.88 1.84 1.79 1.73 1.67
28 2.19 2.12 2.04 1.96 1.91 1.87 1.82 1.77 1.71 1.65
29 2.18 2.10 2.03 1.94 1.90 1.85 1.81 1.75 1.70 1.64
30 2.16 2.09 2.01 1.93 1.89 1.84 1.79 1.74 1.68 1.62
40 2.08 2.00 1.92 1.84 1.79 1.74 1.69 1.64 1.58 1.51
60 1.99 1.92 1.84 1.75 1.70 1.65 1.59 1.53 1.47 1.39
120 1.91 1.83 1.75 1.66 1.61 1.55 1.50 1.43 1.35 1.25
1.83 1.75 1.67 1.57 1.52 1.46 1.39 1.32 1.22 1.00
Tabla A.6 Valores crticos de la distribucin F 743

Tabla A.6 (continuacin) Valores crticos de la distribucin F


f0.01(v1, v2)
v1
v2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1 4052.18 4999.50 5403.35 5624.58 5763.65 5858.99 5928.36 5981.07 6022.47
2 98.50 99.00 99.17 99.25 99.30 99.33 99.36 99.37 99.39
3 34.12 30.82 29.46 28.71 28.24 27.91 27.67 27.49 27.35
4 21.20 18.00 16.69 15.98 15.52 15.21 14.98 14.80 14.66
5 16.26 13.27 12.06 11.39 10.97 10.67 10.46 10.29 10.16
6 13.75 10.92 9.78 9.15 8.75 8.47 8.26 8.10 7.98
7 12.25 9.55 8.45 7.85 7.46 7.19 6.99 6.84 6.72
8 11.26 8.65 7.59 7.01 6.63 6.37 6.18 6.03 5.91
9 10.56 8.02 6.99 6.42 6.06 5.80 5.61 5.47 5.35
10 10.04 7.56 6.55 5.99 5.64 5.39 5.20 5.06 4.94
11 9.65 7.21 6.22 5.67 5.32 5.07 4.89 4.74 4.63
12 9.33 6.93 5.95 5.41 5.06 4.82 4.64 4.50 4.39
13 9.07 6.70 5.74 5.21 4.86 4.62 4.44 4.30 4.19
14 8.86 6.51 5.56 5.04 4.69 4.46 4.28 4.14 4.03
15 8.68 6.36 5.42 4.89 4.56 4.32 4.14 4.00 3.89
16 8.53 6.23 5.29 4.77 4.44 4.20 4.03 3.89 3.78
17 8.40 6.11 5.18 4.67 4.34 4.10 3.93 3.79 3.68
18 8.29 6.01 5.09 4.58 4.25 4.01 3.84 3.71 3.60
19 8.18 5.93 5.01 4.50 4.17 3.94 3.77 3.63 3.52
20 8.10 5.85 4.94 4.43 4.10 3.87 3.70 3.56 3.46
21 8.02 5.78 4.87 4.37 4.04 3.81 3.64 3.51 3.40
22 7.95 5.72 4.82 4.31 3.99 3.76 3.59 3.45 3.35
23 7.88 5.66 4.76 4.26 3.94 3.71 3.54 3.41 3.30
24 7.82 5.61 4.72 4.22 3.90 3.67 3.50 3.36 3.26
25 7.77 5.57 4.68 4.18 3.85 3.63 3.46 3.32 3.22
26 7.72 5.53 4.64 4.14 3.82 3.59 3.42 3.29 3.18
27 7.68 5.49 4.60 4.11 3.78 3.56 3.39 3.26 3.15
28 7.64 5.45 4.57 4.07 3.75 3.53 3.36 3.23 3.12
29 7.60 5.42 4.54 4.04 3.73 3.50 3.33 3.20 3.09
30 7.56 5.39 4.51 4.02 3.70 3.47 3.30 3.17 3.07
40 7.31 5.18 4.31 3.83 3.51 3.29 3.12 2.99 2.89
60 7.08 4.98 4.13 3.65 3.34 3.12 2.95 2.82 2.72
120 6.85 4.79 3.95 3.48 3.17 2.96 2.79 2.66 2.56
6.63 4.61 3.78 3.32 3.02 2.80 2.64 2.51 2.41
744 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.6 (continuacin) Valores crticos de la distribucin F


f0.01(v1, v2)
v1
v2 10 12 15 20 24 30 40 60 120
1 6055.85 6106.32 6157.28 6208.73 6234.63 6260.65 6286.78 6313.03 6339.39 6365.86
2 99.40 99.42 99.43 99.45 99.46 99.47 99.47 99.48 99.49 99.50
3 27.23 27.05 26.87 26.69 26.60 26.50 26.41 26.32 26.22 26.13
4 14.55 14.37 14.20 14.02 13.93 13.84 13.75 13.65 13.56 13.46
5 10.05 9.89 9.72 9.55 9.47 9.38 9.29 9.20 9.11 9.02
6 7.87 7.72 7.56 7.40 7.31 7.23 7.14 7.06 6.97 6.88
7 6.62 6.47 6.31 6.16 6.07 5.99 5.91 5.82 5.74 5.65
8 5.81 5.67 5.52 5.36 5.28 5.20 5.12 5.03 4.95 4.86
9 5.26 5.11 4.96 4.81 4.73 4.65 4.57 4.48 4.40 4.31
10 4.85 4.71 4.56 4.41 4.33 4.25 4.17 4.08 4.00 3.91
11 4.54 4.40 4.25 4.10 4.02 3.94 3.86 3.78 3.69 3.60
12 4.30 4.16 4.01 3.86 3.78 3.70 3.62 3.54 3.45 3.36
13 4.10 3.96 3.82 3.66 3.59 3.51 3.43 3.34 3.25 3.17
14 3.94 3.80 3.66 3.51 3.43 3.35 3.27 3.18 3.09 3.00
15 3.80 3.67 3.52 3.37 3.29 3.21 3.13 3.05 2.96 2.87
16 3.69 3.55 3.41 3.26 3.18 3.10 3.02 2.93 2.84 2.75
17 3.59 3.46 3.31 3.16 3.08 3.00 2.92 2.83 2.75 2.65
18 3.51 3.37 3.23 3.08 3.00 2.92 2.84 2.75 2.66 2.57
19 3.43 3.30 3.15 3.00 2.92 2.84 2.76 2.67 2.58 2.49
20 3.37 3.23 3.09 2.94 2.86 2.78 2.69 2.61 2.52 2.42
21 3.31 3.17 3.03 2.88 2.80 2.72 2.64 2.55 2.46 2.36
22 3.26 3.12 2.98 2.83 2.75 2.67 2.58 2.50 2.40 2.31
23 3.21 3.07 2.93 2.78 2.70 2.62 2.54 2.45 2.35 2.26
24 3.17 3.03 2.89 2.74 2.66 2.58 2.49 2.40 2.31 2.21
25 3.13 2.99 2.85 2.70 2.62 2.54 2.45 2.36 2.27 2.17
26 3.09 2.96 2.81 2.66 2.58 2.50 2.42 2.33 2.23 2.13
27 3.06 2.93 2.78 2.63 2.55 2.47 2.38 2.29 2.20 2.10
28 3.03 2.90 2.75 2.60 2.52 2.44 2.35 2.26 2.17 2.06
29 3.00 2.87 2.73 2.57 2.49 2.41 2.33 2.23 2.14 2.03
30 2.98 2.84 2.70 2.55 2.47 2.39 2.30 2.21 2.11 2.01
40 2.80 2.66 2.52 2.37 2.29 2.20 2.11 2.02 1.92 1.80
60 2.63 2.50 2.35 2.20 2.12 2.03 1.94 1.84 1.73 1.60
120 2.47 2.34 2.19 2.03 1.95 1.86 1.76 1.66 1.53 1.38
2.32 2.18 2.04 1.88 1.79 1.70 1.59 1.47 1.32 1.00
Tabla A.7 Factores de tolerancia para distribuciones normales
Intervalos bilaterales Intervalos unilaterales
= 0.05 = 0.01 = 0.05 = 0.01
1- 1- 1- 1-
n 0.90 0.95 0.99 0.90 0.95 0.99 0.90 0.95 0.99 0.90 0.95 0.99
2 32.019 37.674 48.430 160.193 188.491 242.300 20.581 26.260 37.094 103.029 131.426 185.617
3 8.380 9.916 12.861 18.930 22.401 29.055 6.156 7.656 10.553 13.995 17.170 23.896
4 5.369 6.370 8.299 9.398 11.150 14.527 4.162 5.144 7.042 7.380 9.083 12.387
5 4.275 5.079 6.634 6.612 7.855 10.260 3.407 4.203 5.741 5.362 6.578 8.939
6 3.712 4.414 5.775 5.337 6.345 8.301 3.006 3.708 5.062 4.411 5.406 7.335
7 3.369 4.007 5.248 4.613 5.488 7.187 2.756 3.400 4.642 3.859 4.728 6.412
8 3.136 3.732 4.891 4.147 4.936 6.468 2.582 3.187 4.354 3.497 4.285 5.812
9 2.967 3.532 4.631 3.822 4.550 5.966 2.454 3.031 4.143 3.241 3.972 5.389
10 2.839 3.379 4.433 3.582 4.265 5.594 2.355 2.911 3.981 3.048 3.738 5.074
11 2.737 3.259 4.277 3.397 4.045 5.308 2.275 2.815 3.852 2.898 3.556 4.829
12 2.655 3.162 4.150 3.250 3.870 5.079 2.210 2.736 3.747 2.777 3.410 4.633
13 2.587 3.081 4.044 3.130 3.727 4.893 2.155 2.671 3.659 2.677 3.290 4.472
14 2.529 3.012 3.955 3.029 3.608 4.737 2.109 2.615 3.585 2.593 1.189 4.337
15 2.480 2.954 3.878 2.945 3.507 4.605 2.068 2.566 3.520 2.522 3.102 4.222
16 2.437 2.903 3.812 2.872 3.421 4.492 2.033 2.524 3.464 2.460 3.028 4.123
17 2.400 2.858 3.754 2.808 3.345 4.393 2.002 2.486 3.414 2.405 2.963 4.037
18 2.366 2.819 3.702 2.753 3.279 4.307 1.974 2.453 3.370 2.357 2.905 3.960
19 2.337 2.784 3.656 2.703 3.221 4.230 1.949 2.423 3.331 2.314 2.854 3.892
Tabla A.7 Factores de tolerancia para distribuciones normales

20 2.310 2.752 3.615 2.659 3.168 4.161 1.926 2.396 3.295 2.276 2.808 1.832
25 2.208 2.631 3.457 2.494 2.972 3.904 1.838 2.292 3.158 2.129 2.633 3.001
30 2.140 2.549 3.350 2.385 2.841 3.733 1.777 2.220 3.064 2.030 2.516 3.447
35 2.090 2.490 3.272 2.306 2.748 3.611 1.732 2.167 2.995 1.957 2.430 3.334
40 2.052 2.445 3.213 2.247 2.677 3.518 1.697 2.126 2.941 1.902 2.364 3.249
45 2.021 2.408 3.165 2.200 2.621 3.444 1.669 2.092 2.898 1.857 2.312 3.180
50 1.996 2.379 3.126 2.162 2.576 3.385 1.646 2.065 2.863 1.821 2.269 3.125
60 1.958 2.333 3.066 2.103 2.506 3.293 1.609 2.022 2.807 1.764 2.202 3.038
70 1.929 2.299 3.021 2.060 2.454 3.225 1.581 1.990 2.765 1.722 2.153 2.974
80 1.907 2.272 2.986 2.026 2.414 3.173 1.559 1.965 2.733 1.688 2.114 2.924
90 1.889 2.251 2.958 1.999 2.382 3.130 1.542 1.944 2.706 1.661 2.082 2.883
100 1.874 2.233 2.934 1.977 2.355 3.096 1.527 1.927 2.684 1.639 2.056 2.850
150 1.825 2.175 2.859 1.905 2.270 2.983 1.478 1.870 2.611 1.566 1.971 2.741
200 1.798 2.143 2.816 1.865 2.222 2.921 1.450 1.837 2.570 1.524 1.923 2.679
250 1.780 2.121 2.788 1.839 2.191 2.880 1.431 1.815 2.542 1.496 1.891 2.638
300 1.767 2.106 2.767 1.820 2.169 2.850 1.417 1.800 2.522 1.476 1.868 2.608
1.645 1.960 2.576 1.645 1.960 2.576 1.282 1.645 2.326 1.282 1.645 2.326
Adaptada de C. Eisenhart, M. W. Hastay y W. A. Wallis, Techniques of Statistical Analysis, captulo 2, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Nueva
745

York, 1947. Se utiliza con autorizacin de McGraw-Hill Book Company.


746 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.8 Tamao muestral para la prueba t de la media


Nivel de la prueba t
Prueba unilateral = 0.005 = 0.01 = 0.025 = 0.05
Prueba bilateral = 0.01 = 0.02 = 0.05 = 0.1
= 0.1 .01 .05 .1 .2 .5 .01 .05 .1 .2 .5 .01 .05 .1 .2 .5 .01 .05 .1 .2 .5
0.05
0.10
0.15 122
0.20 139 99 70
0.25 110 90 128 64 139 101 45
0.30 134 78 115 63 119 90 45 122 97 71 32
0.35 125 99 58 109 85 47 109 88 67 34 90 72 52 24
0.40 115 97 77 45 101 85 66 37 117 84 68 51 26 101 70 55 40 19
0.45 92 77 62 37 110 81 68 53 30 93 67 54 41 21 80 55 44 33 15
0.50 100 75 63 51 30 90 66 55 43 25 76 54 44 34 18 65 45 36 27 13
0.55 83 63 53 42 26 75 55 46 36 21 63 45 37 28 15 54 38 30 22 11
0.60 71 53 45 36 22 63 47 39 31 18 53 38 32 24 13 46 32 26 19 9
0.65 61 46 39 31 20 55 41 34 27 16 46 33 27 21 12 39 28 22 17 8
0.70 53 40 34 28 17 47 35 30 24 14 40 29 24 19 10 34 24 19 15 8
0.75 47 36 30 25 16 42 31 27 21 1 35 26 21 16 9 30 21 17 13 7
0.80 41 32 27 22 14 37 28 24 19 12 31 22 19 15 9 27 19 15 12 6
0.85 37 29 24 20 13 33 25 21 17 11 28 21 17 13 8 24 17 14 11 6
Valor de 0.90 34 26 22 18 12 29 23 19 16 10 25 19 16 12 7 21 15 13 10 5
= ||/ 0.95 31 24 20 17 11 27 21 18 14 9 23 17 14 11 7 19 14 11 9 5
1.00 28 22 19 16 10 25 19 16 13 9 21 16 13 10 6 18 13 11 8 5
1.1 24 19 16 14 9 21 16 14 12 8 18 13 11 9 6 15 11 9 7
1.2 21 16 14 12 8 18 14 12 10 7 15 12 10 8 5 13 10 8 6
1.3 18 15 13 11 8 16 13 11 9 6 13 10 9 7 11 8 7 6
1.4 16 13 12 10 7 14 11 10 9 6 12 9 8 7 10 8 7 5
1.5 15 12 11 9 7 13 10 9 8 6 11 8 7 6 9 7 6
1.6 13 11 10 8 6 12 10 9 7 5 10 8 7 6 8 6 6
1.7 12 10 9 8 6 11 9 8 7 9 7 6 5 8 6 5
1.8 12 10 9 8 6 10 8 7 7 8 7 6 7 6
1.9 11 9 8 7 6 10 8 7 6 8 6 6 7 5
2.0 10 8 8 7 5 9 7 7 6 7 6 5 6
2.1 10 8 7 7 8 7 6 6 7 6 6
2.2 9 8 7 6 8 7 6 5 7 6 6
2.3 9 7 7 6 8 6 6 6 5 5
2.4 8 7 7 6 7 6 6 6
2.5 8 7 6 6 7 6 6 6
3.0 7 6 6 5 6 5 5 5
3.5 6 5 5 5
4.0 6
Reproducida con autorizacin de O. L. Davies, ed., Design and Analysis of Industrial Experiments, Oliver &
Boyd, Edimburgo, 1956.
Tabla A.9 Tamao muestral para la prueba t de la diferencia entre dos medias 747

Tabla A.9 Tamao muestral para la prueba t de la diferencia entre dos medias
Nivel de la prueba t
Prueba unilateral = 0.005 = 0.01 = 0.025 = 0.05
Prueba bilateral = 0.01 = 0.02 = 0.05 = 0.1
= 0.1 .01 .05 .1 .2 .5 .01 .05 .1 .2 .5 .01 .05 .1 .2 .5 .01 .05 .1 .2 .5
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20 137
0.25 124 88
0.30 123 87 61
0.35 110 90 64 102 45
0.40 85 70 100 50 108 78 35
0.45 118 68 101 55 105 79 39 108 86 62 28
0.50 96 55 106 82 45 106 86 64 32 88 70 51 23
0.55 101 79 46 106 88 68 38 87 71 53 27 112 73 58 42 19
0.60 101 85 67 39 90 74 58 32 104 74 60 45 23 89 61 49 36 16
0.65 87 73 57 34 104 77 64 49 27 88 63 51 39 20 76 52 42 30 14
0.70 100 75 63 50 29 90 66 55 43 24 76 55 44 34 17 66 45 36 26 12
0.75 88 66 55 44 26 79 58 48 38 21 67 48 39 29 15 57 40 32 23 11
0.80 77 58 49 39 23 70 51 43 33 19 59 42 34 26 14 50 35 28 21 10
0.85 69 51 43 35 21 62 46 38 30 17 52 37 31 23 12 45 31 25 18 9
Valor de 0.90 62 46 39 31 19 55 41 34 27 15 47 34 27 21 11 40 28 22 16 8
= ||/ 0.95 55 42 35 28 17 50 37 31 24 14 42 30 25 19 10 36 25 20 15 7
1.00 50 38 32 26 15 45 33 28 22 13 38 27 23 17 9 33 23 18 14 7
1.1 42 32 27 22 13 38 28 23 19 11 32 23 19 14 8 27 19 15 12 6
1.2 36 27 23 18 11 32 24 20 16 9 27 20 16 12 7 23 16 13 10 5
1.3 31 23 20 16 10 28 21 17 14 8 23 17 14 11 6 20 14 11 9 5
1.4 27 20 17 14 9 24 18 15 12 8 20 15 12 10 6 17 12 10 8 4
1.5 24 18 15 13 8 21 16 14 11 7 18 13 11 9 5 15 11 9 7 4
1.6 21 16 14 11 7 19 14 12 10 6 16 12 10 8 5 14 10 8 6 4
1.7 19 15 13 10 7 17 13 11 9 6 14 11 9 7 4 12 9 7 6 3
1.8 17 13 71 10 6 15 12 10 8 5 13 10 8 6 4 11 8 7 5
1.9 16 12 11 9 6 14 11 9 8 5 12 9 7 6 4 10 7 6 5
2.0 14 11 10 8 6 13 10 9 7 5 11 8 7 6 4 9 7 6 4
2.1 13 10 9 8 5 12 9 8 7 5 10 8 6 5 3 8 6 5 4
2.2 12 10 8 7 5 11 9 7 6 4 9 7 6 5 8 6 5 4
2.3 11 9 8 7 5 10 8 7 6 4 9 7 6 5 7 5 5 4
2.4 11 9 8 6 5 10 8 7 6 4 8 6 5 4 7 5 4 4
2.5 10 8 7 6 4 9 7 6 5 4 8 6 5 4 6 5 4 3
3.0 8 6 6 5 4 7 6 5 4 3 6 5 4 4 5 4 3
3.5 6 5 5 4 3 6 5 4 4 5 4 4 3 3 4 3
4.0 6 5 4 4 5 4 4 3 4 4 3 4
Reproducida con autorizacin de O. L. Davies, ed., Design and Analysis of Industrial Experiments, Oliver &
Boyd, Edimburgo, 1956.
748 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.10 Valores crticos para la prueba de Bartlett


bk(0.01; n)
Nmero de poblaciones, k
n 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
3 0.1411 0.1672
4 0.2843 0.3165 0.3475 0.3729 0.3937 0.4110
5 0.3984 0.4304 0.4607 0.4850 0.5046 0.5207 0.5343 0.5458 0.5558
6 0.4850 0.5149 0.5430 0.5653 0.5832 O.5978 0.6100 0.6204 0.6293
7 0.5512 0.5787 0.6045 0.6248 0.6410 0.6542 0.6652 0.6744 0.6824
8 0.6031 0.6282 0.6518 0.6704 0.6851 0.6970 0.7069 0.7153 0.7225
9 0.6445 0.6676 0.6892 0.7062 0.7197 0.7305 0.7395 0.7471 0.7536
10 0.6783 0.6996 0.7195 0.7352 0.7475 0.7575 0.7657 0.7726 0.7786
11 0.7063 0.7260 0.7445 0.7590 0.7703 0.7795 0.7871 0.7935 0.7990
12 0.7299 0.7483 0.7654 0.7789 0.7894 0.7980 0.8050 0.8109 0.8160
13 0.7501 0.7672 0.7832 0.7958 0.8056 0.8135 0.8201 0.8256 0.8303
14 0.7674 0.7835 0.7985 0.8103 0.8195 0.8269 0.8330 0.8382 0.8426
15 0.7825 0.7977 0.8118 0.8229 0.8315 0.8385 0.8443 0.8491 0.8532
16 0.7958 0.8101 0.8235 0.8339 0.8421 0.8486 0.8541 0.8586 0.8625
17 0.8076 0.8211 0.8338 0.8436 0.8514 0.8576 0.8627 0.8670 0.8707
18 0.8181 0.8309 0.8429 0.8523 0.8596 0.8655 0.8704 0.8745 0.8780
19 0.8275 0.8397 0.8512 0.8601 0.8670 0.8727 0.8773 0.8811 0.8845
20 0.8360 0.8476 0.8586 0.8671 0.8737 0.8791 0.8835 0.8871 0.8903
21 0.8437 0.8548 0.8653 0.8734 0.8797 0.8848 0.8890 0.8926 0.8956
22 0.8507 0.8614 0.8714 0.8791 0.8852 0.8901 0.8941 0.8975 0.9004
23 0.8571 0.8673 0.8769 0.8844 0.8902 0.8949 0.8988 0.9020 0.9047
24 0.8630 0.8728 0.8820 0.8892 0.8948 0.8993 0.9030 0.9061 0.9087
25 0.8684 0.8779 0.8867 0.8936 0.8990 0.9034 0.9069 0.9099 0.9124
26 0.8734 0.8825 0.8911 0.8977 0.9029 0.9071 0.9105 0.9134 0.9158
27 0.8781 0.8869 0.8951 0.9015 0.9065 0.9105 0.9138 0.9166 0.9190
28 0.8824 0.8909 0.8988 0.9050 0.9099 0.9138 0.9169 0.9196 0.9219
29 0.8864 0.8946 0.9023 0.9083 0.9130 0.9167 0.9198 0.9224 0.9246
30 0.8902 0.8981 0.9056 0.9114 0.9159 0.9195 0.9225 0.9250 0.9271
40 0.9175 0.9235 0.9291 0.9335 0.9370 0.9397 0.9420 0.9439 0.9455
50 0.9339 0.9387 0.9433 0.9468 0.9496 0.9518 0.9536 0.9551 0.9564
60 0.9449 0.9489 0.9527 0.9557 0.9580 0.9599 0.9614 0.9626 0.9637
80 0.9586 0.9617 0.9646 0.9668 0.9685 0.9699 0.9711 0.9720 0.9728
100 0.9669 0.9693 0.9716 0.9734 0.9748 0.9759 0.9769 0.9776 0.9783
Reproducida de D. D. Dyer y J. P. Keating, On the Determination of Critical Values for Bartletts Test, J. Am.
Stat. Assoc., 75, 1980, con autorizacin del consejo de directores.
Tabla A.10 Valores crticos para la prueba de Bartlett 749

Tabla A.10 (continuacin) Valores crticos para la prueba de Bartlett


bk(0.05; n)
Nmero de poblaciones, k
n 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
3 0.3123 0.3058 0.3173 0.3299
4 0.4780 0.4699 0.4803 0.4921 0.5028 0.5122 0.5204 0.5277 0.5341
5 0.5845 0.5762 0.5850 0.5952 0.6045 0.6126 0.6197 0.6260 0.6315
6 0.6563 0.6483 0.6559 0.6646 0.6727 0.6798 0.6860 0.6914 0.6961
7 0.7075 0.7000 0.7065 0.7142 0.7213 0.7275 0.7329 0.7376 0.7418
8 0.7456 0.7387 0.7444 0.7512 0.7574 0.7629 0.7677 0.7719 0.7757
9 0.7751 0.7686 0.7737 0.7798 0.7854 0.7903 0.7946 0.7984 0.8017
10 0.7984 0.7924 0.7970 0.8025 0.8076 0.8121 0.8160 0.8194 0.8224
11 0.8175 0.8118 0.8160 0.8210 0.8257 0.8298 0.8333 0.8365 0.8392
12 0.8332 0.8280 0.8317 0.8364 0.8407 0.8444 0.8477 0.8506 0.8531
13 0.8465 0.8415 0.8450 0.8493 0.8533 0.8568 0.8598 0.8625 0.8648
14 0.8578 0.8532 0.8564 0.8604 0.8641 0.8673 0.8701 0.8726 0.8748
15 0.8676 0.8632 0.8662 0.8699 0.8734 0.8764 0.8790 0.8814 0.8834
16 0.8761 0.8719 0.8747 0.8782 0.8815 0.8843 0.8868 0.8890 0.8909
17 0.8836 0.8796 0.8823 0.8856 0.8886 0.8913 0.8936 0.8957 0.8975
18 0.8902 0.8865 0.8890 0.8921 0.8949 0.8975 0.8997 0.9016 0.9033
19 0.8961 0.8926 0.8949 0.8979 0.9006 0.9030 0.9051 0.9069 0.9086
20 0.9015 0.8980 0.9003 0.9031 0.9057 0.9080 0.9100 0.9117 0.9132
21 0.9063 0.9030 0.9051 0.9078 0.9103 0.9124 0.9143 0.9160 0.9175
22 0.9106 0.9075 0.9095 0.9120 0.9144 0.9165 0.9183 0.9199 0.9213
23 0.9146 0.9116 0.9135 0.9159 0.9182 0.9202 0.9219 0.9235 0.9248
24 0.9182 0.9153 0.9172 0.9195 0.9217 0.9236 0.9253 0.9267 0.9280
25 0.9216 0.9187 0.9205 0.9228 0.9249 0.9267 0.9283 0.9297 0.9309
26 0.9246 0.9219 0.9236 0.9258 0.9278 0.9296 0.9311 0.9325 0.9336
27 0.9275 0.9249 0.9265 0.9286 0.9305 0.9322 0.9337 0.9350 0.9361
28 0.9301 0.9276 0.9292 0.9312 0.9330 0.9347 0.9361 0.9374 0.9385
29 0.9326 0.9301 0.9316 0.9336 0.9354 0.9370 0.9383 0.9396 0.9406
30 0.9348 0.9325 0.9340 0.9358 0.9376 0.9391 0.9404 0.9416 0.9426
40 0.9513 0.9495 0.9506 0.9520 0.9533 0.9545 0.9555 0.9564 0.9572
50 0.9612 0.9597 0.9606 0.9617 0.9628 0.9637 0.9645 0.9652 0.9658
60 0.9677 0.9665 0.9672 0.9681 0.9690 0.9698 0.9705 0.9710 0.9716
80 0.9758 0.9749 0.9754 0.9761 0.9768 0.9774 0.9779 0.9783 0.9787
100 0.9807 0.9799 0.9804 0.9809 0.9815 0.9819 0.9823 0.9827 0.9830
Tabla A.11 Valores crticos para la prueba de Cochran
750

= 0.01
n
k 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 17 37 145
2 0.9999 0.9950 0.9794 0.9586 0.9373 0.9172 0.8988 0.8823 0.8674 0.8539 0.7949 0.7067 0.6062 0.5000
3 0.9933 0.9423 0.8831 0.8335 0.7933 0.7606 0.7335 0.7107 0.6912 0.6743 0.6059 0.5153 0.4230 0.3333
4 0.9676 0.8643 0.7814 0.7212 0.6761 0.6410 0.6129 0.5897 0.5702 0.5536 0.4884 0.4057 0.3251 0.2500
5 0.9279 0.7885 0.6957 0.6329 0.5875 0.5531 0.5259 0.5037 0.4854 0.4697 0.4094 0.3351 0.2644 0.2000
6 0.8828 0.7218 0.6258 0.5635 0.5195 0.4866 0.4608 0.4401 0.4229 0.4084 0.3529 0.2858 0.2229 0.1667
7 0.8376 0.6644 0.5685 0.5080 0.4659 0.4347 0.4105 0.3911 0.3751 0.3616 0.3105 0.2494 0.1929 0.1429
8 0.7945 0.6152 0.5209 0.4627 0.4226 0.3932 0.3704 0.3522 0.3373 0.3248 0.2779 0.2214 0.1700 0.1250
9 0.7544 0.5727 0.4810 0.4251 0.3870 0.3592 0.3378 0.3207 0.3067 0.2950 0.2514 0.1992 0.1521 0.1111
10 0.7175 0.5358 0.4469 0.3934 0.3572 0.3308 0.3106 0.2945 0.2813 0.2704 0.2297 0.1811 0.1376 0.1000
12 0.6528 0.4751 0.3919 0.3428 0.3099 0.2861 0.2680 0.2535 0.2419 0.2320 0.1961 0.1535 0.1157 0.0833
15 0.5747 0.4069 0.3317 0.2882 0.2593 0.2386 0.2228 0.2104 0.2002 0.1918 0.1612 0.1251 0.0934 0.0667
20 0.4799 0.3297 0.2654 0.2288 0.2048 0.1877 0.1748 0.1646 0.1567 0.1501 0.1248 0.0960 0.0709 0.0500
24 0.4247 0.2871 0.2295 0.1970 0.1759 0.1608 0.1495 0.1406 0.1338 0.1283 0.1060 0.0810 0.0595 0.0417
30 0.3632 0.2412 0.1913 0.1635 0.1454 0.1327 0.1232 0.1157 0.1100 0.1054 0.0867 0.0658 0.0480 0.0333
40 0.2940 0.1915 0.1508 0.1281 0.1135 0.1033 0.0957 0.0898 0.0853 0.0816 0.0668 0.0503 0.0363 0.0250
60 0.2151 0.1371 0.1069 0.0902 0.0796 0.0722 0.0668 0.0625 0.0594 0.0567 0.0461 0.0344 0.0245 0.0167
120 0.1225 0.0759 0.0585 0.0489 0.0429 0.0387 0.0357 0.0334 0.0316 0.0302 0.0242 0.0178 0.0125 0.0083
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Reproducida de C. Eisenhart, M. W. Hastay y W. A. Wallis, Techniques of Statistical Analysis, captulo 15, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Nueva
York, 1947. Utilizada con autorizacin de McGraw-Hill Book Company.
Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas
Tabla A.11 (continuacin) Valores crticos para la prueba de Cochran
= 0.05
n
k 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 17 37 145
2 0.9985 0.9750 0.9392 0.9057 0.8772 0.8534 0.8332 0.8159 0.8010 0.7880 0.7341 0.6602 0.5813 0.5000
3 0.9669 0.8709 0.7977 0.7457 0.7071 0.6771 0.6530 0.6333 0.6167 0.6025 0.5466 0.4748 0.4031 0.3333
4 0.9065 0.7679 0.6841 0.6287 0.5895 0.5598 0.5365 0.5175 0.5017 0.4884 0.4366 0.3720 0.3093 0.2500
5 0.8412 0.6838 0.5981 0.5441 0.5065 0.4783 0.4564 0.4387 0.4241 0.4118 0.3645 0.3066 0.2513 0.2000
6 0.7808 0.6161 0.5321 0.4803 0.4447 0.4184 0.3980 0.3817 0.3682 0.3568 0.3135 0.2612 0.2119 0.1667
7 0.7271 0.5612 0.4800 0.4307 0.3974 0.3726 0.3535 0.3384 0.3259 0.3154 0.2756 0.2278 0.1833 0.1429
8 0.6798 0.5157 0.4377 0.3910 0.3595 0.3362 0.3185 0.3043 0.2926 0.2829 0.2462 0.2022 0.1616 0.1250
9 0.6385 0.4775 0.4027 0.3584 0.3286 0.3067 0.2901 0.2768 0.2659 0.2568 0.2226 0.1820 0.1446 0.1111
10 6.6020 0.4450 0.3733 0.3311 0.3029 0.2823 0.2666 0.2541 0.2439 0.2353 0.2032 0.1655 0.1308 0.1000
12 0.5410 0.3924 0.3264 0.2880 0.2624 0.2439 0.2299 0.2187 0.2098 0.2020 0.1737 0.1403 0.1100 0.0833
15 0.4709 0.3346 0.2758 0.2419 0.2195 0.2034 0.1911 0.1815 0.1736 0.1671 0.1429 0.1144 0.0889 0.0667
20 0.3894 0.2705 0.2205 0.1921 0.1735 0.1602 0.1501 0.1422 0.1357 0.1303 0.1108 0.0879 0.0675 0.0500
24 0.3434 0.2354 0.1907 0.1656 0.1493 0.1374 0.1286 0.1216 0.1160 0.1113 0.0942 0.0743 0.0567 0.0417
Tabla A.11 Valores crticos para la prueba de Cochran

30 0.2929 0.1980 0.1593 0.1377 0.1237 0.1137 0.1061 0.1002 0.0958 0.0921 0.0771 0.0604 0.0457 0.0333
40 0.2370 0.1576 0.1259 0.1082 0.0968 0.0887 0.0827 0.0780 0.0745 0.0713 0.0595 0.0462 0.0347 0.0250
60 0.1737 0.1131 0.0895 0.0765 0.0682 0.0623 0.0583 0.0552 0.0520 0.0497 0.0411 0.0316 0.0234 0.0167
120 0.0998 0.0632 0.0495 0.0419 0.0371 0.0337 0.0312 0.0292 0.0279 0.0266 0.0218 0.0165 0.0120 0.0083
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
751
752 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.12 Puntos porcentuales superiores de la distribucin de rangos estudentizados: valores


de q(0.05; k, v)
Grados de Nmero de tratamientos, k
libertad, v 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 18.0 27.0 32.8 37.2 40.5 43.1 15.1 47.1 49.1
2 6.09 5.33 9.80 10.89 11.73 12.43 13.03 13.54 13.99
3 4.50 5.91 6.83 7.51 8.04 8.47 8.85 9.18 9.46
4 3.93 5.04 5.76 6.29 6.71 7.06 7.35 7.60 7.83
5 3.64 4.60 5.22 5.67 6.03 6.33 6.58 6.80 6.99
6 3.46 4.34 4.90 5.31 5.63 5.89 6.12 6.32 6.49
7 3.34 4.16 4.68 5.06 5.35 5.59 5.80 5.99 6.15
8 3.26 4.04 4.53 4.89 5.17 5.40 5.60 5.77 5.92
9 3.20 3.95 4.42 4.76 5.02 5.24 5.43 5.60 5.74
10 3.15 3.88 4.33 4.66 4.91 5.12 5.30 5.46 5.60
11 3.11 3.82 4.26 4.58 4.82 5.03 5.20 5.35 5.49
12 3.08 3.77 4.20 4.51 4.75 4.95 5.12 5.27 5.40
13 3.06 3.73 4.15 4.46 4.69 4.88 5.05 5.19 5.32
14 3.03 3.70 4.11 4.41 4.65 4.83 4.99 5.13 5.25
15 3.01 3.67 4.08 4.37 4.59 4.78 4.94 5.08 5.20
16 3.00 3.65 4.05 4.34 4.56 4.74 4.90 5.03 5.05
17 2.98 3.62 4.02 4.31 4.52 4.70 4.86 4.99 5.11
18 2.97 3.61 4.00 4.28 4.49 4.67 4.83 4.96 5.07
19 2.96 3.59 3.98 4.26 4.47 4.64 4.79 4.92 5.04
20 2.95 3.58 3.96 4.24 4.45 4.62 4.77 4.90 5.01
24 2.92 3.53 3.90 4.17 4.37 4.54 4.68 4.81 4.92
30 2.89 3.48 3.84 4.11 4.30 4.46 4.60 4.72 4.83
40 2.86 3.44 3.79 4.04 4.23 4.39 4.52 4.63 4.74
60 2.83 3.40 3.74 3.98 4.16 4.31 4.44 4.55 4.65
120 2.80 3.36 3.69 3.92 4.10 4.24 4.36 4.47 4.56
2.77 3.32 3.63 3.86 4.03 4.17 4.29 4.39 4.47
Tabla A.13 Rangos estudentizados significativos mnimos 753

Tabla A.13 Rangos estudentizados significativos mnimos rp(0.05; p, v)


= 0.05
p
v 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 17.97 17.97 17.97 17.97 17.97 17.97 17.97 17.97 17.97
2 6.085 6.085 6.085 6.085 6.085 6.085 6.085 6.085 6.085
3 4.501 4.516 4.516 4.516 4.516 4.516 4.516 4.516 4.516
4 3.927 4.013 4.033 4.033 4.033 4.033 4.033 4.033 4.033
5 3.635 3.749 3.797 3.814 3.814 3.814 3.814 3.814 3.814
6 3.461 3.587 3.649 3.68 3.694 3.697 3.697 3.697 3.697
7 3.344 3.477 3.548 3.588 3.611 3.622 3.626 3.626 3.626
8 3.261 3.399 3.475 3.521 3.549 3.566 3.575 3.579 3.579
9 3.199 3.339 3.420 3.470 3.502 3.523 3.536 3.544 3.547
10 3.151 3.293 3.376 3.430 3.465 3.489 3.505 3.516 3.522
11 3.113 3.256 3.342 3.397 3.435 3.462 3.48 3.493 3.501
12 3.082 3.225 3.313 3.370 3.410 3.439 3.459 3.474 3.484
13 3.055 3.200 3.289 3.348 3.389 3.419 3.442 3.458 3.470
14 3.033 3.178 3.268 3.329 3.372 3.403 3.426 3.444 3.457
15 3.014 3.160 3.25 3.312 3.356 3.389 3.413 3.432 3.446
16 2.998 3.144 3.235 3.298 3.343 3.376 3.402 3.422 3.437
17 2.984 3.130 3.222 3.285 3.331 3.366 3.392 3.412 3.429
18 2.971 3.118 3.210 3.274 3.321 3.356 3.383 3.405 3.421
19 2.960 3.107 3.199 3.264 3.311 3.347 3.375 3.397 3.415
20 2.950 3.097 3.190 3.255 3.303 3.339 3.368 3.391 3.409
24 2.919 3.066 3.160 3.226 3.276 3.315 3.345 3.370 3.390
30 2.888 3.035 3.131 3.199 3.250 3.290 3.322 3.349 3.371
40 2.858 3.006 3.102 3.171 3.224 3.266 3.300 3.328 3.352
60 2.829 2.976 3.073 3.143 3.198 3.241 3.277 3.307 3.333
120 2.800 2.947 3.045 3.116 3.172 3.217 3.254 3.287 3.314
2.772 2.918 3.017 3.089 3.146 3.193 3.232 3.265 3.294
Condensada de H. L. Harter, Critical Values for Duncans New Multiple Range Test, Biometrics, 16, nm. 4,
1960, con autorizacin del autor y del editor.
754 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.13 (continuacin) Rangos estudentizados significativos mnimos rp(0.01; p, v)


= 0.01
p
v 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 90.03 90.03 90.03 90.03 90.03 90.03 90.03 90.03 90.03
2 14.04 14.04 14.04 14.04 14.04 14.04 14.04 14.04 14.04
3 8.261 8.321 8.321 8.321 8.321 8.321 8.321 8.321 8.321
4 6.512 6.677 6.740 6.756 6.756 6.756 6.756 6.756 6.756
5 5.702 5.893 5.989 6.040 6.065 6.074 6.074 6.074 6.074
6 5.243 5.439 5.549 5.614 5.655 5.680 5.694 5.701 5.703
7 4.949 5.145 5.260 5.334 5.383 5.416 5.439 5.454 5.464
8 4.746 4.939 5.057 5.135 5.189 5.227 5.256 5.276 5.291
9 4.596 4.787 4.906 4.986 5.043 5.086 5.118 5.142 5.160
10 4.482 4.671 4.790 4.871 4.931 4.975 5.010 5.037 5.058
11 4.392 4.579 4.697 4.780 4.841 4.887 4.924 4.952 4.975
12 4.320 4.504 4.622 4.706 4.767 4.815 4.852 4.883 4.907
13 4.260 4.442 4.560 4.644 4.706 4.755 4.793 4.824 4.850
14 4.210 4.391 4.508 4.591 4.654 4.704 4.743 4.775 4.802
15 4.168 4.347 4.463 4.547 4.610 4.660 4.700 4.733 4.760
16 4.131 4.309 4.425 4.509 4.572 4.622 4.663 4.696 4.724
17 4.099 4.275 4.391 4.475 4.539 4.589 4.630 4.664 4.693
18 4.071 4.246 4.362 4.445 4.509 4.560 4.601 4.635 4.664
19 4.046 4.220 4.335 4.419 4.483 4.534 4.575 4.610 4.639
20 4.024 4.197 4.312 4.395 4.459 4.510 4.552 4.587 4.617
24 3.956 4.126 4.239 4.322 4.386 4.437 4.480 4.516 4.546
30 3.889 4.056 4.168 4.250 4.314 4.366 4.409 4.445 4.477
40 3.825 3.988 4.098 4.180 4.244 4.296 4.339 4.376 4.408
60 3.762 3.922 4.031 4.111 4.174 4.226 4.270 4.307 4.340
120 3.702 3.858 3.965 4.044 4.107 4.158 4.202 4.239 4.272
3.643 3.796 3.900 3.978 4.040 4.091 4.135 4.172 4.205
Tabla A.14 Valores de d/2(k, v) para comparaciones bilaterales entre k tratamientos y un control 755

Tabla A.14 Valores de d/2(k, v) para comparaciones bilaterales entre k tratamientos y un control
= 0.05
k = nmero de medias de tratamiento (no incluye el control)
v 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
5 2.57 3.03 3.29 3.48 3.62 3.73 3.82 3.90 3.97
6 2.45 2.86 3.10 3.26 3.39 3.49 3.57 3.64 3.71
7 2.36 2.75 2.97 3.12 3.24 3.33 3.41 3.47 3.53
8 2.31 2.67 2.88 3.02 3.13 3.22 3.29 3.35 3.41
9 2.26 2.61 2.81 2.95 3.05 3.14 3.20 3.26 3.32
10 2.23 2.57 2.76 2.89 2.99 3.07 3.14 3.19 3.24
11 2.20 2.53 2.72 2.84 2.94 3.02 3.08 3.14 3.19
12 2.18 2.50 2.68 2.81 2.90 2.98 3.04 3.09 3.14
13 2.16 2.48 2.65 2.78 2.87 2.94 3.00 3.06 3.10
14 2.14 2.46 2.63 2.75 2.84 2.91 2.97 3.02 3.07
15 2.13 2.44 2.61 2.73 2.82 2.89 2.95 3.00 3.04
16 2.12 2.42 2.59 2.71 2.80 2.87 2.92 2.97 3.02
17 2.11 2.41 2.58 2.69 2.78 2.85 2.90 2.95 3.00
18 2.10 2.40 2.56 2.68 2.76 2.83 2.89 2.94 2.98
19 2.09 2.39 2.55 2.66 2.75 2.81 2.87 2.92 2.96
20 2.09 2.38 2.54 2.65 2.73 2.80 2.86 2.90 2.95
24 2.06 2.35 2.51 2.61 2.70 2.76 2.81 2.86 2.90
30 2.04 2.32 2.47 2.58 2.66 2.72 2.77 2.82 2.86
40 2.02 2.29 2.44 2.54 2.62 2.68 2.73 2.77 2.81
60 2.00 2.27 2.41 2.51 2.58 2.64 2.69 2.73 2.77
120 1.98 2.24 2.38 2.47 2.55 2.60 2.65 2.69 2.73
1.96 2.21 2.35 2.44 2.51 2.57 2.61 2.65 2.69
Reproducida de Charles W. Dunnett, New Tables for Multiple Comparison with a Control, Biometrics, 20,
nm. 3, 1964, con autorizacin del autor y del editor.
756 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.14 (continuacin) Valores de d/2(k, v) para comparaciones bilaterales entre k tratamientos
y un control
= 0.01
k = nmero de medias de tratamiento (no incluye el control)
v 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
5 4.03 4.63 4.98 5.22 5.41 5.56 5.69 5.80 5.89
6 3.71 4.21 4.51 4.71 4.87 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.28
7 3.50 3.95 4.21 4.39 4.53 4.64 4.74 4.82 4.89
8 3.36 3.77 4.00 4.17 4.29 4.40 4.48 4.56 4.62
9 3.25 3.63 3.85 4.01 4.12 4.22 4.30 4.37 4.43
10 3.17 3.53 3.74 3.88 3.99 4.08 4.16 4.22 4.28
11 3.11 3.45 3.65 3.79 3.89 3.98 4.05 4.11 4.16
12 3.05 3.39 3.58 3.71 3.81 3.89 3.96 4.02 4.07
13 3.01 3.33 3.52 3.65 3.74 3.82 3.89 3.94 3.99
14 2.98 3.29 3.47 3.59 3.69 3.76 3.83 3.88 3.93
15 2.95 3.25 3.43 3.55 3.64 3.71 3.78 3.83 3.88
16 2.92 3.22 3.39 3.51 3.60 3.67 3.73 3.78 3.83
17 2.90 3.19 3.36 3.47 3.56 3.63 3.69 3.74 3.79
18 2.88 3.17 3.33 3.44 3.53 3.60 3.66 3.71 3.75
19 2.86 3.15 3.31 3.42 3.50 3.57 3.63 3.68 3.72
20 2.85 3.13 3.29 3.40 3.48 3.55 3.60 3.65 3.69
24 2.80 3.07 3.22 3.32 3.40 3.47 3.52 3.57 3.61
30 2.75 3.01 3.15 3.25 3.33 3.39 3.44 3.49 3.52
40 2.70 2.95 3.09 3.19 3.26 3.32 3.37 3.41 3.44
60 2.66 2.90 3.03 3.12 3.19 3.25 3.29 3.33 3.37
120 2.62 2.85 2.97 3.06 3.12 3.18 3.22 3.26 3.29
2.58 2.79 2.92 3.00 3.06 3.11 3.15 3.19 3.22
Tabla A.15 Valores de d(k, v) para comparaciones unilaterales entre k tratamientos y un control 757

Tabla A.15 Valores de d(k, v) para comparaciones unilaterales entre k tratamientos y un control
= 0.05
k = nmero de medias de tratamiento (no incluye el control)
v 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
5 2.02 2.44 2.68 2.85 2.98 3.08 3.16 3.24 3.30
6 1.94 2.34 2.56 2.71 2.83 2.92 3.00 3.07 3.12
7 1.89 2.27 2.48 2.62 2.73 2.82 2.89 2.95 3.01
8 1.86 2.22 2.42 2.55 2.66 2.74 2.81 2.87 2.92
9 1.83 2.18 2.37 2.50 2.60 2.68 2.75 2.81 2.86
10 1.81 2.15 2.34 2.47 2.56 2.64 2.70 2.76 2.81
11 1.80 2.13 2.31 2.44 2.53 2.60 2.67 2.72 2.77
12 1.78 2.11 2.29 2.41 2.50 2.58 2.64 2.69 2.74
13 1.77 2.09 2.27 2.39 2.48 2.55 2.61 2.66 2.71
14 1.76 2.08 2.25 2.37 2.46 2.53 2.59 2.64 2.69
15 1.75 2.07 2.24 2.36 2.44 2.51 2.57 2.62 2.67
16 1.75 2.06 2.23 2.34 2.43 2.50 2.56 2.61 2.65
17 1.74 2.05 2.22 2.33 2.42 2.49 2.54 2.59 2.64
18 1.73 2.04 2.21 2.32 2.41 2.48 2.53 2.58 2.62
19 1.73 2.03 2.20 2.31 2.40 2.47 2.52 2.57 2.61
20 1.72 2.03 2.19 2.30 2.39 2.46 2.51 2.56 2.60
24 1.71 2.01 2.17 2.28 2.36 2.43 2.48 2.53 2.57
30 1.70 1.99 2.15 2.25 2.33 2.40 2.45 2.50 2.54
40 1.68 1.97 2.13 2.23 2.31 2.37 2.42 2.47 2.51
60 1.67 1.95 2.10 2.21 2.28 2.35 2.39 2.44 2.48
120 1.66 1.93 2.08 2.18 2.26 2.32 2.37 2.41 2.45
1.64 1.92 2.06 2.16 2.23 2.29 2.34 2.38 2.42
Reproducida de Charles W. Dunnett, A Multiple Comparison Procedure for Comparing Several Treatments
with a Control, J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 50, 1955, 1096-1121, con autorizacin del autor y del editor.
758 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.15 (continuacin) Valores de d(k, v) para comparaciones unilaterales entre k tratamientos
y un control
= 0.01
k = nmero de medias de tratamiento (no incluye el control)
v 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
5 3.37 3.90 4.21 4.43 4.60 4.73 4.85 4.94 5.03
6 3.14 3.61 3.88 4.07 4.21 4.33 4.43 4.51 4.59
7 3.00 3.42 3.66 3.83 3.96 4.07 4.15 4.23 4.30
8 2.90 3.29 3.51 3.67 3.79 3.88 3.96 4.03 4.09
9 2.82 3.19 3.40 3.55 3.66 3.75 3.82 3.89 3.94
10 2.76 3.11 3.31 3.45 3.56 3.64 3.71 3.78 3.83
11 2.72 3.06 3.25 3.38 3.48 3.56 3.63 3.69 3.74
12 2.68 3.01 3.19 3.32 3.42 3.50 3.56 3.62 3.67
13 2.65 2.97 3.15 3.27 3.37 3.44 3.51 3.56 3.61
14 2.62 2.94 3.11 3.23 3.32 3.40 3.46 3.51 3.56
15 2.60 2.91 3.08 3.20 3.29 3.36 3.42 3.47 3.52
16 2.58 2.88 3.05 3.17 3.26 3.33 3.39 3.44 3.48
17 2.57 2.86 3.03 3.14 3.23 3.30 3.36 3.41 3.45
18 2.55 2.84 3.01 3.12 3.21 3.27 3.33 3.38 3.42
19 2.54 2.83 2.99 3.10 3.18 3.25 3.31 3.36 3.40
20 2.53 2.81 2.97 3.08 3.17 3.23 3.29 3.34 3.38
24 2.49 2.77 2.92 3.03 3.11 3.17 3.22 3.27 3.31
30 2.46 2.72 2.87 2.97 3.05 3.11 3.16 3.21 3.24
40 2.42 2.68 2.82 2.92 2.99 3.05 3.10 3.14 3.18
60 2.39 2.64 2.78 2.87 2.94 3.00 3.04 3.08 3.12
120 2.36 2.60 2.73 2.82 2.89 2.94 2.99 3.03 3.06
2.33 2.56 2.68 2.77 2.84 2.89 2.93 2.97 3.00
Tabla A.16 Valores crticos para la prueba de rangos con signo 759

Tabla A.16 Valores crticos para la prueba de rangos con signo


Unilateral = 0.01 Unilateral = 0.025 Unilateral = 0.05
n Bilateral = 0.02 Bilateral = 0.05 Bilateral = 0.1
5 1
6 1 2
7 0 2 4
8 2 4 6
9 3 6 8
10 5 8 11
11 7 11 14
12 10 14 17
13 13 17 21
14 16 21 26
15 20 25 30
16 24 30 36
17 28 35 41
18 33 40 47
19 38 46 54
20 43 52 60
21 49 59 68
22 56 66 75
23 62 73 83
24 69 81 92
25 77 90 101
26 85 98 110
27 93 107 120
28 102 117 130
29 111 127 141
30 120 137 152
Reproducida de F. Wilcoxon y R. A. Wilcox, Some Rapid Approximate Statistical Procedures, American
Cyanamid Company, Pearl River, N. Y., 1964, con autorizacin de la American Cyanamid Company.
760 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.17 Valores crticos para la prueba de suma de rangos de Wilcoxon


Prueba de una cola con = 0.001 o prueba de dos colas con = 0.002
n2
n1 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1
2
3 0 0 0 0
4 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 3
5 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 5 6 7 7
6 0 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
7 2 3 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16
8 5 5 6 8 9 11 12 14 15 17 18 20 21
9 7 8 10 12 14 15 17 19 21 23 25 26
10 10 12 14 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 32
11 15 17 20 22 24 27 29 32 34 37
12 20 23 25 28 31 34 37 40 42
13 26 29 32 35 38 42 45 48
14 32 36 39 43 46 50 54
15 40 43 47 51 55 59
16 48 52 56 60 65
17 57 61 66 70
18 66 71 76
19 77 82
20 88

Prueba de una cola con = 0.01 o prueba de dos colas con = 0.02
n2
n1 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1
2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
3 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 5
4 0 1 1 2 3 3 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 9 9 10
5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
6 3 4 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 15 16 18 19 20 22
7 6 8 9 11 12 14 16 17 19 21 23 24 26 28
8 10 11 13 15 17 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34
9 14 16 18 21 23 26 28 31 33 36 38 40
10 19 22 24 27 30 33 36 38 41 44 47
11 25 28 31 34 37 41 44 47 50 53
12 31 35 38 42 46 49 53 56 60
13 39 43 47 51 55 59 63 67
14 47 51 56 60 65 69 73
15 56 61 66 70 75 80
16 66 71 76 82 87
17 77 82 88 93
18 88 94 100
19 101 107
20 114
Basada en parte en las tablas 1, 3, 5 y 7 de D. Auble, Extended Tables for the Mann-Whitney Statistic, Bulletin
of the Institute of Educational Research at Indiana University, 1, nm. 2, 1953, con autorizacin del director.
Tabla A.17 Valores crticos para la prueba de suma de rangos de Wilcoxon 761

Tabla A.17 (continuacin) Valores crticos para la prueba de suma de rangos de Wilcoxon
Prueba de una cola con = 0.025 o prueba de dos colas con = 0.05
n2
n1 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1
2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2
3 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8
4 0 1 2 3 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 11 12 13 13
5 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20
6 5 6 8 10 11 13 14 16 17 19 21 22 24 25 27
7 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34
8 13 15 17 19 22 24 26 29 31 34 36 38 41
9 17 20 23 26 28 31 34 37 39 42 45 48
10 23 26 29 33 36 39 42 45 48 52 55
11 30 33 37 40 44 47 51 55 58 62
12 37 41 45 49 53 57 61 65 69
13 45 50 54 59 63 67 72 76
14 55 59 64 67 74 78 83
15 64 70 75 80 85 90
16 75 81 86 92 98
17 87 93 99 105
18 99 106 112
19 113 119
20 127

Prueba de una cola con = 0.05 o prueba de dos colas con = 0.1
n2
n1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1 0 0
2 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4
3 0 0 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 9 9 10 11
4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 15 16 17 18
5 4 5 6 8 9 11 12 13 15 16 18 19 20 22 23 25
6 7 8 10 12 14 16 17 19 21 23 25 26 28 30 32
7 11 13 15 17 19 21 24 26 28 30 33 35 37 39
8 15 18 20 23 26 28 31 33 36 39 41 44 47
9 21 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 48 51 54
10 27 31 34 37 41 44 48 51 55 58 62
11 34 38 42 46 50 54 57 61 65 69
12 42 47 51 55 60 64 68 72 77
13 51 56 61 65 70 75 80 84
14 61 66 71 77 82 87 92
15 72 77 83 88 94 100
16 83 89 95 101 107
17 96 102 109 115
18 109 116 123
19 123 130
20 138
762 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.18 P(V v* cuando H0 es verdadera) en la prueba de rachas


v*
(n1, n2) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(2, 3) 0.200 0.500 0.900 1.000
(2, 4) 0.133 0.400 0.800 1.000
(2, 5) 0.095 0.333 0.714 1.000
(2, 6) 0.071 0.286 0.643 1.000
(2, 7) 0.056 0.250 0.583 1.000
(2, 8) 0.044 0.222 0.533 1.000
(2, 9) 0.036 0.200 0.491 1.000
(2, 10) 0.030 0.182 0.455 1.000
(3, 3) 0.100 0.300 0.700 0.900 1.000
(3, 4) 0.057 0.200 0.543 0.800 0.971 1.000
(3, 5) 0.036 0.143 0.429 0.714 0.929 1.000
(3, 6) 0.024 0.107 0.345 0.643 0.881 1.000
(3, 7) 0.017 0.083 0.283 0.583 0.833 1.000
(3, 8) 0.012 0.067 0.236 0.533 0.788 1.000
(3, 9) 0.009 0.055 0.200 0.491 0.745 1.000
(3, 10) 0.007 0.045 0.171 0.455 0.706 1.000
(4, 4) 0.029 0.114 0.371 0.629 0.886 0.971 1.000
(4, 5) 0.016 0.071 0.262 0.500 0.786 0.929 0.992 1.000
(4, 6) 0.010 0.048 0.190 0.405 0.690 0.881 0.976 1.000
(4, 7) 0.006 0.033 0.142 0.333 0.606 0.833 0.954 1.000
(4, 8) 0.004 0.024 0.109 0.279 0.533 0.788 0.929 1.000
(4, 9) 0.003 0.018 0.085 0.236 0.471 0.745 0.902 1.000
(4, 10) 0.002 0.014 0.068 0.203 0.419 0.706 0.874 1.000
(5, 5) 0.008 0.040 0.167 0.357 0.643 0.833 0.960 0.992 1.000
(5, 6) 0.004 0.024 0.110 0.262 0.522 0.738 0.911 0.976 0.998
(5, 7) 0.003 0.015 0.076 0.197 0.424 0.652 0.854 0.955 0.992
(5, 8) 0.002 0.010 0.054 0.152 0.347 0.576 0.793 0.929 0.984
(5, 9) 0.001 0.007 0.039 0.119 0.287 0.510 0.734 0.902 0.972
(5, 10) 0.001 0.005 0.029 0.095 0.239 0.455 0.678 0.874 0.958
(6, 6) 0.002 0.013 0.067 0.175 0.392 0.608 0.825 0.933 0.987
(6, 7) 0.001 0.008 0.043 0.121 0.296 0.500 0.733 0.879 0.966
(6, 8) 0.001 0.005 0.028 0.086 0.226 0.413 0.646 0.821 0.937
(6, 9) 0.000 0.003 0.019 0.063 0.175 0.343 0.566 0.762 0.902
(6, 10) 0.000 0.002 0.013 0.047 0.137 0.288 0.497 0.706 0.864
(7, 7) 0.001 0.004 0.025 0.078 0.209 0.383 0.617 0.791 0.922
(7, 8) 0.000 0.002 0.015 0.051 0.149 0.296 0.514 0.704 0.867
(7, 9) 0.000 0.001 0.010 0.035 0.108 0.231 0.427 0.622 0.806
(7, 10) 0.000 0.001 0.006 0.024 0.080 0.182 0.355 0.549 0.743
(8, 8) 0.000 0.001 0.009 0.032 0.100 0.214 0.405 0.595 0.786
(8, 9) 0.000 0.001 0.005 0.020 0.069 0.157 0.319 0.500 0.702
(8, 10) 0.000 0.000 0.003 0.013 0.048 0.117 0.251 0.419 0.621
(9, 9) 0.000 0.000 0.003 0.012 0.044 0.109 0.238 0.399 0.601
(9, 10) 0.000 0.000 0.002 0.008 0.029 0.077 0.179 0.319 0.510
(10, 10) 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.004 0.019 0.051 0.128 0.242 0.414
Reproducida de C. Eisenhart y R. Swed, Tables for Testing Randomness of Grouping in a Sequence of
Alternatives, Ann. Math. Stat., 14, 1943, con autorizacin del editor.
Tabla A.18 P(V v* cuando H0 es verdadera) en la prueba de rachas 763

Tabla A.18 (continuacin) P(V v* cuando H0 es verdadera) en la prueba de rachas


v*
(n1, n2) 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
(2, 3)
(2, 4)
(2 5)
(2, 6)
(2, 7)
(2, 8)
(2, 9)
(2, 10)
(3, 3)
(3, 4)
(3, 5)
(3, 6)
(3, 7)
(3, 8)
(3, 9)
(3, 10)
(4, 4)
(4, 5)
(4, 6)
(4, 7)
(4, 8)
(4, 9)
(4, 10)
(5, 5)
(5, 6) 1.000
(5, 7) 1.000
(5, 8) 1.000
(5, 9) 1.000
(5, 10) 1.000
(6, 6) 0.998 1.000
(6, 7) 0.992 0.999 1.000
(6, 8) 0.984 0.998 1.000
(6, 9) 0.972 0.994 1.000
(6, 10) 0.958 0.990 1.000
(7, 7) 0.975 0.996 0.999 1.000
(7, 8) 0.949 0.988 0.998 1.000 1.000
(7, 9) 0.916 0.975 0.994 0.999 1.000
(7, 10) 0.879 0.957 0.990 0.998 1.000
(8, 8) 0.900 0.968 0.991 0.999 1.000 1.000
(8, 9) 0.843 0.939 0.980 0.996 0.999 1.000 1.000
(8, 10) 0.782 0.903 0.964 0.990 0.998 1.000 1.000
(9, 9) 0.762 0.891 0.956 0.988 0.997 1.000 1.000 1.000
(9, 10) 0.681 0.834 0.923 0.974 0.992 0.999 1.000 1.000 1.000
(10, 10) 0.586 0.758 0.872 0.949 0.981 0.996 0.999 1.000 1.000 1.000
764 Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas

Tabla A.19 Tamao muestral para lmites de tolerancia no paramtricos bilaterales

1-
1- 0.50 0.70 0.90 0.95 0.99 0.995
0.995 336 488 777 947 1325 1483
0.99 168 244 388 473 662 740
0.95 34 49 77 93 130 146
0.90 17 24 38 46 64 72
0.85 11 16 25 30 42 47
0.80 9 12 18 22 31 34
0.75 7 10 15 18 24 27
0.70 6 8 12 14 20 22
0.60 4 6 9 10 14 16
0.50 3 5 7 8 11 12
Tabla A-25d de Wilfrid J. Dixon y Frank J. Massey, Jr., Introduction to Statistical Analysis, 3a. ed., McGraw-
Hill, 1969. Reproducida con autorizacin de The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Tabla A.20 Tamao muestral para lmites de tolerancia no paramtricos unilaterales

1-
1- 0.50 0.70 0.95 0.99 0.995
0.995 139 241 598 919 1379
0.99 69 120 299 459 688
0.95 14 24 59 90 135
0.90 7 12 29 44 66
0.85 5 8 19 29 43
0.80 4 6 14 21 31
0.75 3 5 11 7 25
0.70 2 4 9 13 20
0.60 2 3 6 10 14
0.50 1 2 5 7 10
Tabla A-25e de Wilfrid J. Dixon y Frank J. Massey, Jr., Introduction to Statistical Analysis, 3a. ed., McGraw-
Hill, 1969. Reproducida con autorizacin de The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Tabla A.21 Valores crticos del coeficiente de correlacin de rangos de Spearman 765

Tabla A.21 Valores crticos del coeficiente de correlacin de rangos de Spearman


n = 0.05 = 0.025 = 0.01 = 0.005
5 0.900
6 0.829 0.886 0.943
7 0.714 0.786 0.893
8 0.643 0.738 0.833 0.881
9 0.600 0.683 0.783 0.833
10 0.564 0.648 0.745 0.794
11 0.523 0.623 0.736 0.818
12 0.497 0.591 0.703 0.780
13 0.475 0.566 0.673 0.745
14 0.457 0.545 0.646 0.716
15 0.441 0.525 0.623 0.689
16 0.425 0.507 0.601 0.666
17 0.412 0.490 0.582 0.645
18 0.399 0.476 0.564 0.625
19 0.388 0.462 0.549 0.608
20 0.377 0.450 0.534 0.591
21 0.368 0.438 0.521 0.576
22 0.359 0.428 0.508 0.562
23 0.351 0.418 0.496 0.549
24 0.343 0.409 0.485 0.537
25 0.336 0.400 0.475 0.526
26 0.329 0.392 0.465 0.515
27 0.323 0.385 0.456 0.505
28 0.317 0.377 0.448 0.496
29 0.311 0.370 0.440 0.487
30 0.305 0.364 0.432 0.478
Reproducida de E. G. Olds, Distribution of Sums of Squares of Rank Differences for Small Samples, Ann.
Math. Stat., 9, 1938, con autorizacin del editor.
Tabla A.22 Factores para la elaboracin de grficas de control
766

Grfica para
promedios Grfica para desviaciones estndar Grfica para rangos
Observaciones Factores para los Factores para la Factores para la Factores para los lmites
en la muestra lmites de control lnea central Factores para los lmites de control lnea central de control
n A2 A3 c4 1/c4 B3 B4 B5 B6 d2 1/d2 d3 D3 D4
2 1.880 2.659 0.7979 1.2533 0 3.267 0 2.606 1.128 0.8865 0.853 0 3.267
3 1.023 1.954 0.8862 1.1284 0 2.568 0 2.276 1.693 0.5907 0.888 0 2.574
4 0.729 1.628 0.9213 1.0854 0 2.266 0 2.088 2.059 0.4857 0.880 0 2.282
5 0.577 1.427 0.9400 1.0638 0 2.089 0 1.964 2.326 0.4299 0.864 0 2.114
6 0.483 1.287 0.9515 1.0510 0.030 1.970 0.029 1.874 2.534 0.3946 0.848 0 2.004
7 0.419 1.182 0.9594 1.0423 0.118 1.882 0.113 1.806 2.704 0.3698 0.833 0.076 1.924
8 0.373 1.099 0.9650 1.0363 0.185 1.815 0.179 1.751 2.847 0.3512 0.820 0.136 1.864
9 0.337 1.032 0.9693 1.0317 0.239 1.761 0.232 1.707 2.970 0.3367 0.808 0.184 1.816
10 0.308 0.975 0.9727 1.0281 0.284 1.716 0.276 1.669 3.078 0.3249 0.797 0.223 1.777
11 0.285 0.927 0.9754 1.0252 0.321 1.679 0.313 1.637 3.173 0.3152 0.787 0.256 1.744
12 0.266 0.886 0.9776 1.0229 0.354 1.646 0.346 1.610 3.258 0.3069 0.778 0.283 1.717
13 0.249 0.850 0.9794 1.0210 0.382 1.618 0.374 1.585 3.336 0.2998 0.770 0.307 1.693
14 0.235 0.817 0.9810 1.0194 0.406 1.594 0.399 1.563 3.407 0.2935 0.763 0.328 1.672
15 0.223 0.789 0.9823 1.0180 0.428 1.572 0.421 1.544 3.472 0.2880 0.756 0.347 1.653
16 0.212 0.763 0.9835 1.0168 0.448 1.552 0.440 1.526 3.532 0.2831 0.750 0.363 1.637
17 0.203 0.739 0.9845 1.0157 0.466 1.534 0.458 1.511 3.588 0.2787 0.744 0.378 1.622
18 0.194 0.718 0.9854 1.0148 0.482 1.518 0.475 1.496 3.640 0.2747 0.739 0.391 1.608
19 0.187 0.698 0.9862 1.0140 0.497 1.503 0.490 1.483 3.689 0.2711 0.734 0.403 1.597
20 0.180 0.680 0.9869 1.0133 0.510 1.490 0.504 1.470 3.735 0.2677 0.729 0.415 1.585
21 0.173 0.663 0.9876 1.0126 0.523 1.477 0.516 1.459 3.778 0.2647 0.724 0.425 1.575
22 0.167 0.647 0.9882 1.0119 0.534 1.466 0.528 1.448 3.819 0.2618 0.720 0.434 1.566
23 0.162 0.633 0.9887 1.0114 0.545 1.455 0.539 1.438 3.858 0.2592 0.716 0.443 1.557
24 0.157 0.619 0.9892 1.0109 0.555 1.445 0.549 1.429 3.895 0.2567 0.712 0.451 1.548
25 0.153 0.606 0.9896 1.0105 0.565 1.435 0.559 1.420 3.931 0.2544 0.708 0.459 4.541
Apndice A Tablas y demostraciones estadsticas