Sunteți pe pagina 1din 42

Task 01: Compute and plot the convolution y[n] x[n]* h[n] by any of the two procedures,
where
n
1
x[n] u[n 1] And h[n] u[n 1]
3

MATLAB CODE:
hn=-6:6;
xn=-6:6;
k=-xn;
s=(1/3).^k;
x=s.*(xn<=-1);
h=[0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1];

subplot(3,1,1)
stem(xn,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[n]')
axis([-7 7 -0.2 1])

subplot(3,1,2)
stem(hn,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[n]')
axis([-7 7 -0.2 1])

y=conv(h,x);
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(-12:12,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]=[n]*h[n]')
axis([-7 7 -0.2 1])
1
x[n]
0.5

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6
1
h[n]
0.5

-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6
1
y[n]=[n]*h[n]
0.5

-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6

Task 02: Compute and plot the convolution of following signals (by both procedures)
1 0 n 4
x[n]
0 elsewhere

and

1.5n 0n6
h[n]
0 elsewhere
USING CONV COMMAND

xn=-4:10;
hn=-4:10;

x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];

k=(1.5.^hn);
l=(hn>=0)&(hn<=6);
h=k.*l;

subplot(3,1,1)
stem(xn,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[n]')

subplot(3,1,2)
stem(hn,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[n]')

y=conv(h,x);
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(-8:20,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]=[n]*h[n]') axis([-4 10 0 30])

1
x[n]
0.5

0
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10
15
h[n]
10

0
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10
30
y[n]=[n]*h[n]
20

10

0
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10
Analytical Method:
%Step 1:
kx=-4:10;
kh=-4:10;

x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];

k=(1.5.^kh);
l=(kh>=0)&(kh<=6);
h=k.*l;

subplot(3,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-4 10])

subplot(3,1,2)
stem(kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[k]')
xlim([-4 10])

%Step 2:
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(-kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[-k]')
1
x[k]
0.5

0
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10
15
h[k]
10

0
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10
15
h[-k]
10

0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4

close all
figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=0;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[0-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=1;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[1-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=2;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[2-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=3;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[3-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=4;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[4-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=5;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[5-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=6;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[6-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=7;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[7-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=8;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[8-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=9;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[9-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=10;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[10-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=-4:10;
x=[0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=11;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[11-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

%----------------------------------------------------------------
%CONVULUTION:
figure();
y=[12.5 2.75 6.12 11.18 19.77 29.66 27.41 24.04 18.98 11.39];
yn=0:10;
stem(yn,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]')
1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

15 15
h[0-k] h[1-k]

10 10

5 5

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

15 15
h[2-k] h[3-k]

10 10

5 5

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
15
h[5-k]
15 10
h[4-k]
5
10

0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
5

0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
1
x[k]
0.8

0.6
1
x[k] 0.4
0.8

0.6 0.2
0.4
0
0.2 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
15
h[7-k]
15
h[6-k] 10
10

5
5

0
0 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1
x[k] 1
0.8
x[k]
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

15
15
h[8-k]
h[9-k]
10
10

5 5

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
1
x[k]
0.8

0.6
1
0.4
x[k]
0.8
0.2
0.6

0.4 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
0.2

0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 15
h[11-k]
15
h[10-k]
10

10
5
5

0
0 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

30
y[n]

25

20

15

10

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Task 03: Consider and LTI system with input x[ n ] and unit impulse response h[ n ] specified
as
x[n] 2n u[n]
h[n] u[n]
Compute the response of the system (by both methods) where we have 6 n 6 .

METHOD 1:
hn=0:6;
xn=0:6;
h=[1 1 1 1 1 1 1];
x=2.^xn .*(xn<=0);
subplot(3,1,1)
stem(xn,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-1 8])
legend('x[n]')
subplot(3,1,2)
stem(hn,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-1 8])
legend('h[n]')
y=conv(h,x);
subplot(3,1,3)
n=0:12;
stem(n,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]=[n]*h[n]')
xlim([-1 8])
1
x[n]
0.5

0
-1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
h[n]
0.5

0
-1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
y[n]=[n]*h[n]
0.5

0
-1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

METHOD 2:
%STEP 1:

kx=0:6
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(3,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

kh=0:6
h=[1 1 1 1 1 1 1];
subplot(3,1,2)
stem(kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[k]')
xlim([-10 12])
%
%-----------------------------------------------------------
%STEP 2:
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(-kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

close all
figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=0;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[0-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=1;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[1-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=2;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[2-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=3;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[3-k]')
xlim([-10 12])
figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=4;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[4-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=5;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[5-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=6;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[6-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=7;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[7-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=8;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[8-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=9;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[9-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=10;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[10-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=11;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[11-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=12;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[12-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=2.^kx .*(kx<=0);
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-10 12])

n=13;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[13-k]')
xlim([-10 12])

% %CONVULUTION:
figure();
y=[1 1 1 1 1 1 1]
yn=0:6;
stem(yn,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]')
xlim([-2 8])
1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
h[0-k] h[1-k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
h[2-k] h[3-k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1
x[k] 1
0.8
x[k]
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1
1
h[4-k]
0.8 h[5-k]
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4 0.4
0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1
x[k]
0.8

0.6
1
0.4
x[k]
0.8
0.2
0.6

0.4 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
0.2

0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 1
h[7-k]
0.8
1
h[6-k] 0.6
0.8

0.6 0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
0 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
1
x[k]
0.8

0.6

0.4
1
x[k]
0.2 0.8

0.6
0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0.4

0.2
1 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
h[8-k]
0.8
1
0.6 h[9-k]
0.8
0.4 0.6

0.2 0.4

0.2
0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
h[10-k] h[11-k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1 1
h[12-k] h[13-k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

1
y[n]
0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
-2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Task 04: Compute (by both procedures) and graph the convolution y[n] x[n]* h[n] , where
x[n] u[n] u[n 4] and h[n] [n] [n 2] .

Task 05: Compute (by both procedures) and graph the convolution y[n] , where
(a) y[n] u[n]* u[n], 0 n 6
(b) y[n] 3 [n 4]*(3 4)n u[n],0 n 5

METHOD 1:
hn=0:6;
xn=0:6;
h=[1 0 -1 0 0 0 0];
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(3,1,1)
stem(xn,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on

legend('x[n]')
subplot(3,1,2)
stem(hn,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on

legend('h[n]')
y=conv(h,x);
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(0:12,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]=[n]*h[n]')
1
x[n]
0.5

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
1
h[n]
0

-1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
1
y[n]=[n]*h[n]
0

-1
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

METHOD 2:
%STEP 1:

kx=0:6
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(3,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
axis([-4 8 -1 1])

kh=0:6
h=[1 0 -1 0 0 0 0];
subplot(3,1,2)
stem(kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[k]')
xlim([-4 8])
%
%-----------------------------------------------------------
%STEP 2:
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(-kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[-k]')
xlim([-4 8])
1
x[k]
0

-1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
1
h[k]
0

-1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
1
h[-k]
0

-1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8

close all
figure();
kx=0:6;
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
axis([-4 8 -1 1])

n=0;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[0-k]')
xlim([-4 8])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
axis([-4 8 -1 1])

n=1;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[1-k]')
xlim([-4 8])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
axis([-4 8 -1 1])

n=2;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[2-k]')
xlim([-4 8])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
axis([-4 8 -1 1])

n=3;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[3-k]')
xlim([-4 8])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
axis([-4 8 -1 1])

n=4;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[4-k]')
xlim([-4 8])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
axis([-4 8 -1 1])

n=5;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[5-k]')
xlim([-4 8])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=[1 1 1 1 0 0 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
axis([-4 8 -1 1])

n=6;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[6-k]')
xlim([-4 8])

% %--------------------------------------------------------------
--
% %CONVULUTION:
figure();
y=[1 1 0 0 -1 -1 0]
yn=0:6;
stem(yn,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]')

1
x[k]
0.5

0
1
x[k]
0.5 -0.5

0
-1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-0.5

-1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 1
h[1-k]
1 0.5
h[0-k]
0.5
0
0
-0.5
-0.5
-1
-1 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
1
x[k]
0.5

0
1
-0.5 x[k]
0.5

-1 0
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-0.5

1 -1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
h[2-k]
0.5
1
h[3-k]
0 0.5

0
-0.5
-0.5
-1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 -1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8

1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.5 0.5

0 0

-0.5 -0.5

-1 -1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8

1 1
h[4-k] h[5-k]
0.5 0.5

0 0

-0.5 -0.5

-1 -1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8

1
x[k]
0.5

-0.5

-1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8

1
h[6-k]
0.5

-0.5

-1
-4 -2 0 2 4 6 8

1
y[n]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

-0.2

-0.4

-0.6

-0.8

-1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
METHOD 1:

hn=0:6;
xn=0:6;
h=ones(size(hn));
x=ones(size(xn));
subplot(3,1,1)
stem(xn,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on

legend('x[n]')
subplot(3,1,2)
stem(hn,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on

legend('h[n]')
y=conv(h,x);
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(0:12,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]=[n]*h[n]')

1
x[n]
0.5

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
1
h[n]
0.5

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
10
y[n]=[n]*h[n]
5

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

METHOD 2:
%STEP 1:

kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(3,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 8])

kh=0:6;
h=ones(size(kh));
subplot(3,1,2)
stem(kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[k]')
xlim([-8 8])

%-----------------------------------------------------------
%STEP 2:
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(-kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[-k]')
xlim([-8 8])

1
x[k]
0.5

0
-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
1
h[k]
0.5

0
-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
1
h[-k]
0.5

0
-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8

%-----------------------------------------------------------
close all
figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=0;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[0-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=1;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[1-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=2;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[2-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=3;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[3-k]')
xlim([-8 16])
figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=4;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[4-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=5;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[5-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=6;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[6-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])
n=7;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[7-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=8;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[8-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=9;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[9-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=10;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[10-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=11;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[11-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=12;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[12-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

figure();
kx=0:6;
x=ones(size(kx));
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('x[k]')
xlim([-8 16])

n=13;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[13-k]')
xlim([-8 16])

% %--------------------------------------------------------------
--
% %CONVULUTION:
figure();
y=[1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 5 4 3 2 1];
yn=0:12;
stem(yn,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]')
1
x[k] 1
0.8
x[k]
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
-5 0 5 10 15 0
-5 0 5 10 15

1
1
h[0-k]
0.8 h[1-k]
0.8
0.6 0.6
0.4 0.4
0.2 0.2

0 0
-5 0 5 10 15 -5 0 5 10 15

1
1 x[k]
0.8
x[k]
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
0 -5 0 5 10 15
-5 0 5 10 15

1
1
h[3-k]
h[2-k] 0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6

0.4
0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-5 0 5 10 15 -5 0 5 10 15

1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-5 0 5 10 15 -5 0 5 10 15

1 1
h[4-k] h[5-k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-5 0 5 10 15 -5 0 5 10 15

1
x[k]
0.8

0.6
1
x[k] 0.4
0.8

0.6 0.2
0.4
0
0.2 -5 0 5 10 15

0
-5 0 5 10 15
1
h[7-k]
1 0.8
h[6-k]
0.8 0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
0 -5 0 5 10 15
-5 0 5 10 15

1
x[k]
0.8

0.6
1
0.4
x[k]
0.8
0.2
0.6

0.4 0
-5 0 5 10 15
0.2

0
-5 0 5 10 15 1
h[9-k]
0.8
1
h[8-k] 0.6
0.8

0.6 0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
0 -5 0 5 10 15
-5 0 5 10 15
1
x[k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-5 0 5 10 15

1
h[10-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-5 0 5 10 15

1
x[k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-5 0 5 10 15

1
h[11-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-5 0 5 10 15

1
1 x[k]
0.8
x[k]
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
0 -5 0 5 10 15
-5 0 5 10 15

1
1
h[12-k]
h[11-k] 0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6

0.4
0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-5 0 5 10 15 -5 0 5 10 15

1 1
x[k] x[k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-5 0 5 10 15 -5 0 5 10 15

1 1
h[12-k] h[13-k]
0.8 0.8

0.6 0.6

0.4 0.4

0.2 0.2

0 0
-5 0 5 10 15 -5 0 5 10 15
7
y[n]

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

METHOD 1:
hn=0:5;
xn=0:5;
h=((3/4).^hn).*(hn>=0);
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(3,1,1)
stem(xn,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on

legend('x[n]')
subplot(3,1,2)
stem(hn,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on

legend('h[n]')
y=conv(h,x);
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(0:10,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]=[n]*h[n]')
3
x[n]
2

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
1
h[n]
0.5

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
3
y[n]=[n]*h[n]
2

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

METHOD 2:
%STEP 1:

kx=0:5
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(3,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

kh=0:5
h=((3/4).^hn).*(hn>=0);
subplot(3,1,2)
stem(kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[k]')
xlim([-7 15])
%
%-----------------------------------------------------------
%STEP 2:
subplot(3,1,3)
stem(-kh,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('h[-k]')
xlim([-7 15])
3
x[k]
2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
1
h[k]
0.5

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
1
h[-k]
0.5

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

close all
figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=0;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[0-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=1;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[1-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=2;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[2-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=3;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[3-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=4;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[4-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=5;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[5-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=6;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[6-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=7;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[7-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=8;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[8-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=9;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[9-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=10;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[10-k]')

figure();
kx=0:5;
x=[0 0 0 0 3 0];
subplot(2,1,1)
stem(kx,x,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('x[k]')

n=11;
subplot(2,1,2)
stem(-kh+n,h,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
xlim([-7 15])
legend('h[11-k]')

% %--------------------------------------------------------------
--
% %CONVULUTION:
figure();
y=[0 0 0 0 3 2.2 1.8 1.2 1 0.8 0];
yn=0:10;
stem(yn,y,'fill','linewidth',2),grid on
legend('y[n]')
3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[0-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[1-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[2-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[3-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[4-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[5-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[6-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[7-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[8-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[9-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[10-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

3
x[k]

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

1
h[11-k]
0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
3
y[n]

2.5

1.5

0.5

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10