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12.

13 Bearing-Type Connections 427

Example 12-3
At a certain section in the cover-plated beam of Fig. 12.7, the external factored
shears are Vu = 275 k and Va = 190 k. Determine the spacing required for 7/8-in
A325 bolts used in a bearing-type connection. Assume that the bolt threads are ex-
cluded from the shear plane, the edge distance is 3.5 in, Fy = 50 ksi, and
Fu = 65 ksi. Deformation at bolt holes is a design consideration.

Solution
Checking AISC Specification F13.3

A of 1 cover plate = a b1162 = 12.00 in2


3
4
A of 1 flange = 12.00 + 112.5211.152 = 26.38 in2
12.00
Plate area , flange area = 6 0.70 (OK)
26.38
Computing shearing force to be taken
0.75 2
Ig = 3630 + 122a * 16b a b = 6760 in4
3 22.1
+
4 2 2

LRFD ASD

VuQ VaQ
Factored shear per in = for LRFD Service load shear per in = for ASD
I I

12752a 11902a
3 3
* 16 * 11.425b * 16 * 11.425b
4 4
= = 5.578 k/in = = 3.853 k/in
6760 6760

Bolts in single shear and bearing on 0.75 in

3
PL 4
in  16 5.5 in
0.75 in

P
W21  147
23.6 in
22.1 in
(Ix  3630 in , 4

tf  1.150 in,
bf  12.5 in.)

0.75 in
3
PL 4
in  16
FIGURE 12.7
428 Chapter 12 Bolted Connections

Bearing strength of 2 bolts


7 1
+
8 8
Lc = 3.5 - = 3.0 in
2
Rn = 1.2Lc tFu 2.4dtFu

12211.2213.0 in2a inb165 ksi2


3
=
4

351 k 7 12212.42a inb a inb165 ksi2 = 204.8 k


7 3
=
8 4
Shearing strength of 2 bolts
A = 0.60 in2 each bolt

LRFD f = 0.75 ASD = 2.00

fRn = 10.752181.62 = 61.2 k


Rn 81.6
= = 40.8 k
2.00
61.2
Spacing of bolts = Spacing reqd. for bolts
5.578
40.8
= 10.97 in = = 10.59 in
3.853

Max spacing by AISC 1E6.22 = 1t2 0.75


E

A Fy

29 * 103
= a b10.752
3
= 13.55 in 12 in
4 B 50

Now that we have the calculated spacing of the pairs of bolts, we can see that Lc
in the direction of the force is 7Lc to the edge of the member. there will be no
change in the nominal bearing strength of the bolts.
7
Use -in A325 bolts 10 in on center for both LRFD and ASD
8

The assumption has been made that the loads applied to a bearing-type connec-
tion are equally divided between the bolts if edge distances and spacings are satisfactory.
For this distribution to be correct, the plates must be perfectly rigid and the bolts per-
fectly elastic, but actually, the plates being connected are elastic, too, and have defor-
mations that decidedly affect the bolt stresses. The effect of these deformations is to
cause a very complex distribution of load in the elastic range.
Should the plates be assumed to be completely rigid and nondeforming, all bolts
would be deformed equally and have equal stresses. This situation is shown in part (a)
of Fig. 12.8. Actually, the loads resisted by the bolts of a group are probably never equal