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Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet Corporate & International Relations

Quantitative Aptitude

Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet Corporate & International Relations

Formula Booklet

Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet Corporate & International Relations

Corporate & International Relations

Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet Corporate & International Relations

1. Averages

Simple averages =

1. Averages Simple averages = Weighted Average = Geometric Mean = Harmonic Mean = For two
Weighted Average = Geometric Mean = Harmonic Mean = For two numbers, Harmonic Mean =
Weighted Average =
Geometric Mean =
Harmonic Mean =
For two numbers, Harmonic Mean =
2. Percentage Change Change % = % Total Successive Change% = %
2. Percentage Change
Change % =
%
Total Successive Change% =
%

3. Interest

Simple Interest =

Compound Interest =

= % 3. Interest Simple Interest = Compound Interest = Population after n years P’ =

Population after n years P’ =

4. Growth

Growth% = SAGR or AAGR = % CAGR =
Growth% =
SAGR or AAGR =
%
CAGR =

%

P’ = 4. Growth Growth% = SAGR or AAGR = % CAGR = % % Quantitative

%

Quantitative Aptitude

Formula Booklet

[Here, S. A. G. R. = Simple Annual Growth Rate, A. A. G. R. = Average Annual Growth Rate and C. A. G. R. = Compound Annual Growth Rate]

5. Profit and Loss

Profit = SP CP Loss = CP SP

Percentage Profit =

Percentage Loss =

CP Loss = CP – SP Percentage Profit = Percentage Loss = 6. False Weights If

6. False Weights

If an item is claimed to be sold at cost price, using false weights, then the overall percentage profit is given by

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Percentage Profit =

Percentage Profit = Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 7. Discount Discount = Marked Price − Selling Price

Quantitative Aptitude

Formula Booklet

7. Discount

Discount = Marked Price Selling Price

Discount Percentage =

= Marked Price − Selling Price Discount Percentage = 8. Buy x and Get y Free

8. Buy x and Get y Free

If articles worth Rs. x are bought and articles worth Rs. y are obtained free along with x articles, then the discount is equal to y and discount percentage is given by

Percentage discount =

y and discount percentage is given by Percentage discount = 9. Successive Discounts When a discount

9. Successive Discounts

When a discount of a% is followed by another discount of b%, then

Total discount =

followed by another discount of b %, then Total discount = 10. Ratios If a: b

10. Ratios

If a: b = c: d, then a: b = c: d = (a + c): (b + d) If 0<a < b, then for a positive quantity x,

) If 0< a < b , then for a positive quantity x , If a

If a > b>0, then for a positive quantity x,

, If a > b>0 , then for a positive quantity x , 11. Proportions If
11. Proportions If a: b:: c:d or
11. Proportions
If a: b:: c:d or

, then

Alternendo Law

Invertendo Law

Componendo Law

Dividendo Law

Componendo and Dividendo Law

If , then
If
, then
Law Dividendo Law Componendo and Dividendo Law If , then and p, q, r are real
Law Dividendo Law Componendo and Dividendo Law If , then and p, q, r are real

and p, q, r are real numbers, then

Componendo and Dividendo Law If , then and p, q, r are real numbers, then 3

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12. Successive Replacement

Quantitative Aptitude

Formula Booklet

Successive Replacement Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet Where x is the original quantity, y is the quantity

Where x is the original quantity, y is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the replacement process is carried out.

13. Alligation Rule

The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture.

Alligation Cross: x 1 x 2
Alligation Cross:
x 1
x 2
x : x 2 - x x – x 1 w 1 w 2 14.
x : x 2 - x x – x 1 w 1 w 2 14.

x

:
:
:

x 2 - x

x

x 1

w 1

w 2

14.

Time, Speed and Distance

Speed = Distance / Time

Important Conversion Factors:

1 km/hr = m/s and 1 m/s = km/hr 15. Average Speed Average = =
1 km/hr =
m/s and 1 m/s =
km/hr
15. Average Speed
Average =
=

A man travels first half of the distance at a speed

= = A man travels first half of the distance at a speed , second half

, second half of the distance at a speed

[Average speed is given by harmonic mean of two speeds] S avg =

is given by harmonic mean of two speeds] S a v g = then, Average Speed
is given by harmonic mean of two speeds] S a v g = then, Average Speed

then, Average Speed

If the time is constant, then average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds: S avg =

average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds: S a v g = 4

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16. Relative Speed

For Trains Time =
For Trains
Time =

For Boats and Streams

S downstream = S boat + S stream

S upstream = S boat - S stream

S boat = S stream =
S boat =
S stream =

17. Time and Work/Pipes and Cisterns

Number of days to complete the work =

and Cisterns Number of days to complete the work = Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet [This is
and Cisterns Number of days to complete the work = Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet [This is

Quantitative Aptitude

Formula Booklet

[This is our general formula to solve time & work problems. It is also known as Work Equivalence Method]

18. Application of H.C.F.

The greatest natural number that will divide x, y and z leaving remainders r1, r2 and r3, respectively, is the H.C.F. of

(x r 1 ), (y r 2 ) and (z r 3 )

19. Application of L.C.M.

The smallest natural number that is divisible by x, y and z leaving the same remainder r in each case is the L.C.M. of

(x, y and z) + r

20. H.C.F. and L.C.M. of Fractions

H.C.F of fractions =

L.C.M of fractions =

of Fractions H.C.F of fractions = L.C.M of fractions = [Express all numbers as fractions in
of Fractions H.C.F of fractions = L.C.M of fractions = [Express all numbers as fractions in
of Fractions H.C.F of fractions = L.C.M of fractions = [Express all numbers as fractions in

[Express all numbers as fractions in its simplest form]

21. Properties of Surds

all numbers as fractions in its simplest form] 21. Properties of Surds 5 Corporate & International

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Quantitative Aptitude

Formula Booklet

22. Law of Indices

If a and b are non zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers, the

zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers, the If , then m =
zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers, the If , then m =
zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers, the If , then m =

If

, then m = n

, then m = n

 

If

If and m 0, then a = b if m is odd and a = b

and m

If and m 0, then a = b if m is odd and a = b

0, then a = b if m is odd and a =

If and m 0, then a = b if m is odd and a = b

b if m is even

23. Laws of Logarithms

if m is odd and a = b if m is even 23. Laws of Logarithms
if m is odd and a = b if m is even 23. Laws of Logarithms
if m is odd and a = b if m is even 23. Laws of Logarithms

If

If

odd and a = b if m is even 23. Laws of Logarithms If If 24.
odd and a = b if m is even 23. Laws of Logarithms If If 24.

24. Binomial Theorem

If n is a natural number that is greater than or equal to 2, then according to the binomial theorem:

(x+a) n = n c o x n a 0 + n c 1 x n-1 a 1 + n c 2 x n-2 a 2 +………. + n c n x 0 a n Here,

2 x n - 2 a 2 +………. + n c n x 0 a n

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25. Roots of Quadratic Equation

The two roots of the equation, ax 2 +bx+c =0 are given by:

two roots of the equation, ax 2 +bx+c =0 are given by: 26. Algebraic Formulae (a

26. Algebraic Formulae

(a + b) (a b) = a 2 b 2

(a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2

(a b) 2 = a 2 2ab + b 2

(a + b + c) 2 = a 2 + b 2 + c 2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca

(a + b) 3 = a 3 + 3a 2 b + 3ab 2 + b 3

(a b) 3 = a 3 3a 2 b + 3ab 2 b 3

a 3 + b 3 = (a + b) (a 2 ab + b 2 ) a 3 b 3 = (a b) (a 2 + ab + b 2 ) a 3 + b 3 +c 3 3abc = (a+ b + c) (a 2 + b 2 + c 2 ab bc ac)

27. Arithmetic Progression

2 – ab – bc – ac) 27. Arithmetic Progression 28. Geometric Progression 29. Harmonic Progression

28. Geometric Progression

ac) 27. Arithmetic Progression 28. Geometric Progression 29. Harmonic Progression 30. Sum of Important Series Sum

29. Harmonic Progression

28. Geometric Progression 29. Harmonic Progression 30. Sum of Important Series Sum of first n natural

30. Sum of Important Series

Sum of first n natural numbers

30. Sum of Important Series Sum of first n natural numbers Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 7

Quantitative Aptitude

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Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers

Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers Sum of the cubes of the
Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers =
Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers
=

31. Factorial

n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × (n 1) × n n! = n × (n 1)!

32. Permutations

n − 1) × n n ! = n × ( n − 1)! 32. Permutations

33. Combinations

n ! = n × ( n − 1)! 32. Permutations 33. Combinations Important Properties: Quantitative

Important Properties:

1)! 32. Permutations 33. Combinations Important Properties: Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 34. Partition Rule
1)! 32. Permutations 33. Combinations Important Properties: Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 34. Partition Rule
1)! 32. Permutations 33. Combinations Important Properties: Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 34. Partition Rule
1)! 32. Permutations 33. Combinations Important Properties: Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 34. Partition Rule

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Formula Booklet

34. Partition Rule

Number of ways of distributing n identical things among r persons when each person may get any number of things

= 35. Probability
=
35. Probability

Probability of an event =

Odds in favour =

Odds against =

= 35. Probability Probability of an event = Odds in favour = Odds against = 8
= 35. Probability Probability of an event = Odds in favour = Odds against = 8
= 35. Probability Probability of an event = Odds in favour = Odds against = 8
= 35. Probability Probability of an event = Odds in favour = Odds against = 8

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36. Pythagoras Theorem For right triangle ABC

36. Pythagoras Theorem For right triangle ABC AC 2 = AB 2 +BC 2 For acute

AC 2 = AB 2 +BC 2

For acute triangle ABC

ABC AC 2 = AB 2 +BC 2 For acute triangle ABC AC 2 = AB

AC 2 = AB 2 + BC 2 2 (BC) (BD)

For obtuse triangle ABC

AB 2 + BC 2 – 2 (BC) (BD) For obtuse triangle ABC AC 2 =

AC 2 = AB 2 + BC 2 + 2*BC*BD

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37. Area of Triangle When lengths of the sides are given

37. Area of Triangle When lengths of the sides are given Area = Where, semi perimeter

Area =

Where, semi perimeter (s) =

of the sides are given Area = Where, semi perimeter (s) = When lengths of the

When lengths of the base and altitude are given

(s) = When lengths of the base and altitude are given Area = When lengths of

Area =

(s) = When lengths of the base and altitude are given Area = When lengths of

When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given

= When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given Area = Quantitative Aptitude

Area =

lengths of two sides and the included angle are given Area = Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet

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For Equilateral Triangle

For Equilateral Triangle Area = For Isosceles Triangle Area = 38. Apollonius Theorem If AD is
For Equilateral Triangle Area = For Isosceles Triangle Area = 38. Apollonius Theorem If AD is

Area =

For Isosceles Triangle

For Equilateral Triangle Area = For Isosceles Triangle Area = 38. Apollonius Theorem If AD is

Area =

For Equilateral Triangle Area = For Isosceles Triangle Area = 38. Apollonius Theorem If AD is

38. Apollonius Theorem

Area = For Isosceles Triangle Area = 38. Apollonius Theorem If AD is the median, then:

If AD is the median, then:

AB 2 + AC 2 = 2(AD 2 + BD 2 )

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39. Angle Bisector Theorem

39. Angle Bisector Theorem If AD is the angle bisector for angle A, then: 40. Area

If AD is the angle bisector for angle A, then:

Theorem If AD is the angle bisector for angle A, then: 40. Area of Quadrilateral For

40. Area of Quadrilateral

For Cyclic Quadrilateral

Area =

Where, semi perimeter (s) =

Cyclic Quadrilateral Area = Where, semi perimeter (s) = If lengths of one diagonal and two
Cyclic Quadrilateral Area = Where, semi perimeter (s) = If lengths of one diagonal and two

If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given

(s) = If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given Area = If lengths

Area =

If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given Area = If lengths of two

If lengths of two diagonals and included angle are given

= If lengths of two diagonals and included angle are given Area = Quantitative Aptitude Formula

Area =

lengths of two diagonals and included angle are given Area = Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 12

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For Trapezium

For Trapezium Area = For Parallelogram Area = bh For Rhombus Area = For Rectangle Area
Area = For Parallelogram
Area =
For Parallelogram
For Trapezium Area = For Parallelogram Area = bh For Rhombus Area = For Rectangle Area

Area = bh For Rhombus

Trapezium Area = For Parallelogram Area = bh For Rhombus Area = For Rectangle Area =
Area = For Rectangle
Area =
For Rectangle
Parallelogram Area = bh For Rhombus Area = For Rectangle Area = lb Quantitative Aptitude Formula

Area = lb

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For Square

For Square Area = a 2 41. Polygon Number of Diagonals = The sum of all

Area = a 2

41. Polygon

Number of Diagonals =

For Square Area = a 2 41. Polygon Number of Diagonals = The sum of all

The sum of all the interior angles = The sum of all exterior angles = 360

42. Area of Regular Hexagon

sum of all exterior angles = 360 42. Area of Regular Hexagon Area = 43. Circle
sum of all exterior angles = 360 42. Area of Regular Hexagon Area = 43. Circle
Area = 43. Circle
Area =
43. Circle
angles = 360 42. Area of Regular Hexagon Area = 43. Circle Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet

Quantitative Aptitude

Formula Booklet

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Circumference C = Area (A) = Length of Arc (l) = , where Area of
Circumference C =
Area (A) =
Length of Arc (l) =
, where
Area of Sector =
, where

Perimeter of Sector =

is in degrees. is in degrees.
is in degrees.
is in degrees.

Quantitative Aptitude

Formula Booklet

44. Ellipse

degrees. Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 44. Ellipse If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis

If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b,

Perimeter of the ellipse

a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b , Perimeter of the ellipse Area of the ellipse

Area of the ellipse

(OA) = b , Perimeter of the ellipse Area of the ellipse 45. Trigonometric Ratios For

45. Trigonometric Ratios

For a right triangle, if P is the length of perpendicular, B is the length of base, H is the length of hypotenuse and the angle between base and hypotenuse,

is the length of hypotenuse and the angle between base and hypotenuse, is 15 Corporate &
is the length of hypotenuse and the angle between base and hypotenuse, is 15 Corporate &

is

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46. Distance between Points Distance between two points AB = 47. Right Prism and is

46. Distance between Points

Distance between two points AB =
Distance between two points
AB =

47. Right Prism

and

Points Distance between two points AB = 47. Right Prism and is given by Lateral Surface

is given by

between two points AB = 47. Right Prism and is given by Lateral Surface Area (L.S.A.)

Lateral Surface Area (L.S.A.) = Perimeter of base × height Total Surface Area (T.S.A.) = L.S.A. + 2 × Area of base Volume (V) = Area of base × height

48. Cuboid

of base Volume ( V ) = Area of base × height 48. Cubo id S.A.

S.A. = 2(lh + bh) T.S.A. = 2(lh + bh + lb)

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Volume (V) = lbh

Body Diagonal (d) =

49. Cube

Volume (V) = lbh Body Diagonal (d) = 49. Cube L.S.A = 4a 2 T.S.A =

L.S.A = 4a 2 T.S.A = 6a 2 Volume (V) =a 3

Body Diagonal (d) =

50. Cylinder

= 6a 2 Volume (V) =a 3 Body Diagonal (d) = 50. Cylinder Curved Surface Area

Curved Surface Area (C.S.A.) = 2πrh T.S.A. = 2πrh + 2πr 2 Volume (V) = πr 2 h

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51. Right Pyramid

51. Right Pyramid L.S.A = T.S.A = L.S.A + Area of base Volume (V) = Perimeter

L.S.A =

T.S.A = L.S.A + Area of base

Volume (V) =

Pyramid L.S.A = T.S.A = L.S.A + Area of base Volume (V) = Perimeter of Base

Perimeter of Base

T.S.A = L.S.A + Area of base Volume (V) = Perimeter of Base Area of Base

Area of BaseT.S.A = L.S.A + Area of base Volume (V) = Perimeter of Base Slant Height Height

+ Area of base Volume (V) = Perimeter of Base Area of Base Slant Height Height

Slant Height

Height

52. Cone

Perimeter of Base Area of Base Slant Height Height 52. Cone C.S.A. = π rl T.S.A.

C.S.A. = πrl T.S.A. = πrl + πr 2

Volume (V) = Slant height (l) =
Volume (V) =
Slant height (l) =

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53. Frustum of a cone

53. Frustum of a cone Volume (V) = 54. Sphere C.S.A. = 4π r 2 T.S.A.
Volume (V) = 54. Sphere
Volume (V) =
54. Sphere
53. Frustum of a cone Volume (V) = 54. Sphere C.S.A. = 4π r 2 T.S.A.
53. Frustum of a cone Volume (V) = 54. Sphere C.S.A. = 4π r 2 T.S.A.

C.S.A. = 4πr 2 T.S.A. = 4πr 2

Volume (V) = 55. Hemisphere
Volume (V) =
55. Hemisphere
= 4π r 2 T.S.A. = 4π r 2 Volume (V) = 55. Hemisphere C.S.A. =

C.S.A. = 2πr 2 T.S.A. = 3πr 2

Volume (V) =

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56. Spherical shell

56. Spherical shell T.S.A = Volume (V) = Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 20 Corporate & International

T.S.A = Volume (V) =

56. Spherical shell T.S.A = Volume (V) = Quantitative Aptitude Formula Booklet 20 Corporate & International

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