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Learning Objectives:

The student should be able to:


1. Briefly describe the structure and function of each of the following: plasma
membrane, mitochondria, ribosomes, rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth
endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, peroxisomes, microtubules,
microfilaments, intermediate filaments, centrioles, cilia, flagella, nucleus,
nucleoli.
2. List in order the stages of the cell cycle and mitosis and briefly describe what
happens during each one.
3. Explain the difference between active and passive processes of cellular
transport.
4. Explain diffusion and osmosis through living and nonliving membranes.

Key Terms:

plasma (cell) membrane, phospholipids, cytoplasm, cytosol, mitochondria, ribosomes,


rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus,
lysosomes, peroxisomes, microtubules, microfilaments, intermediate filaments,
centrioles, cilia, flagella, nucleus, nuclear envelope, nucleoli

cell life cycle, G1 phase, S phase, G2 phase, interphase, mitosis, chromosome,


chromatid, centromere, mitotic spindle, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase,
cytokinesis, cleavage furrow

selectively permeable, kinetic energy, diffusion, simple diffusion, facilitated


diffusion, osmosis, osmolarity, tonicity, hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic, hemolysis,
crenation, active transport, Na+-K+ pump, secondary active transport, vesicular
transport, endocytosis, exocytosis, phagocytosis

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A. Orientation to The Cell

Part 1: Animal Cell Model

Identify the features and organelles on the cell model and provide their
description in the following chart.
Read the description of each of the following terms in your Lab Manual
exercise, and be able to give the function of each.
Test yourself: are you able to describe each organelle and its function
independent of your notes/lab manual?

# ORGANELLE DESCRIPTION FUNCTION

1. nucleus (in nuclear


envelope)

4. nucleoli

5. rough endoplasmic
reticulum

6. smooth endoplasmic
reticulum

7. free ribosomes

8. mitochondria

9. Golgi apparatus

12. centrioles

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Part 2: Observing Various Cell Structures

Plate # in
Microscope Slide A Brief Atlas
Name of Tissue
of the Human
Body
Simple squamous epithelium #5 : Simple squamous epithelium 1&2
Red blood cells On the tray provided: blood 22
smear
Sperm cells # 36: sperm cells NA
Teased smooth muscle cells #20: Smooth muscle (ts) 32

Part 3: Cell Life Cycle and Introduction to Mitosis

The process of mitosis is described in your Lab Manual exercise, and will also be
studied in lab using the Mitosis Models in part 4 below.

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Part 4: Mitosis Models (blue and white models)
Compare the models to the diagrams of the stages of mitosis in your Lab
Manual.
Identify and describe the following phases and their main features.

MODEL
STAGE DESCRIPTION
#

1 prophase (a)

3 metaphase (a)

6 anaphase (b)

7 telophase (a)

8 telophase (b)

B. The Cell: Transport Mechanisms and cell permeability

Read The Cell Transport Mechanisms and Cell Permeability and


perform/observe all activities in your Lab Manual.

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