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A Lesson plan in statistics & probabilities for Grade 11

Senior High School

I. Objective a.) To calculate the variance of probability distribution


b.) Solve problem involving variance of probability distribution
II. Learning Material
Subject Matter: Computing the variance of probability distribution
Reference: Statistics and probability
pp. 31-40
III. Learning Task
1. Pre-Activity
a. Unlocking of difficulty
What is variance?
b. Review
Finding the mean of a probability distribution
2. Proper- Activity
a. Activity
Computing the variance of probability distribution
(See Activity Sheet)
b. Analysis
What should be the first thing to be computed in solving for
the variance? (mean)
Whats next to do after finding the mean?
(get the difference of the mean from each variable)
Then we get the square of their __________? (difference)
What is the formula used in computing the variance?
c. Abstraction
How do we calculate variance of a probability distribution?
Who can enumerate the steps?

d. Application
When three coins are tossed, the probability distribution for
the random variable X representing the number of heads that
occur is given below. Compute the variance of the probability
distribution.
Steps Solution

1. Find the mean of the probability X P(X) XP(X) (X-)P(X)


distribution using the formula.
= X = P(X)
0 1
8
2. Multiply the value of the
random variable X by the 1 3
corresponding probability 8

2 3
8
3. Get the sum of the results
obtained in Step 2. 3 1
8

=(X-)P(X)=
4. Subtract the square of the mean
from the result obtained in Step 3
to get the variance. So, the
formula for the variance of a
probability distribution is given by
o= P(X)=

IV. Evaluation
The number of items sold per day a retail store with its
corresponding probabilities. Is shown in the table. Find the
variance of the probability distribution.
Steps Solution
1. Find the mean of the probability
X P(X) XP(X) (X-)P(X)
distribution using the formula.
= X = P(X)

19 0.20
2. Multiply the value of the
random variable X by the 20
corresponding probability
0.20

21 0.30
3. Get the sum of the results
obtained in Step 2. 22 0.20

23 0.10

P(X)=
4. Subtract the square of the mean
from the result obtained in Step 3
to get the variance. So, the
formula for the variance of a
probability distribution is given by
o= P(X)=

V. Assignment