Sunteți pe pagina 1din 1

COLUMN DESIGN CALCULATIONS

Project Name : Sample


Client Name : S-cube
Engineer Name : Ravi
Design File : C:\Program Files (x86)\STAAD RCDC\SampleFiles\Etabs-Samples\RCDC-Etabs-Demo-Column-Design.rcdx
Analysis File : C:\Documents and Settings\user\Desktop\Desktop\RCDC 2010\E-tabs\demo5\e-tabs demo5.mdb
Analysis Last Modified : 3/23/2011 3:13:48 PM

Definitions Of Terms:
All forces in units kN and m
All reinforcement details like area, spacing in mm
Grade Of steel for 6 mm dia. bars is Fe250. It is irrespective of the grade of steel defined by user in column design.
1 1 = Strain at level considered,Calculated ignoring the stiffening of the concrete in tension zone
2 m = Average steel strain at level considered
3 acr = Distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
4 Ag = Gross area of the column cross section
5 Ak = Area of confined concrete core
6 Ash = Area of link cross section
7 b = Effective Width of Column in mm
8 B = Width / Smaller Dimension of Column in mm
9 d = Effective Depth of Column in mm
10 D = Depth / Larger Dimension of Column OR Diameter of Circular Column in mm
11 Dk = Diameter Of core measured to the outside of circular link
12 Ec = Modulus of elasticity of concrete
13 Es = Modulus of elasticity of steel
14 FcPerm = Permissible Stress in Concrete required in N/sqmm
15 Fst = Stress in steel
16 FstPerm = Permissible Stress in Steel required in N/sqmm
17 Fck = Characteristic compressive strength of concrete cube in N/Sqmm
18 Fy = Yield Stress Of Steel in N/Sqmm
19 h = Longer dimension of rectangular link measuered to its outer face
20 k = Reduction factor for slenderness moments
21 Max = Additional moment due to slenderness about major axis (Along D)
22 May = Additional moment due to slenderness about minor axis (Along B)
23 Mminx = Moment due to minimum eccentricity along D
24 Mminy = Moment due to minimum eccentricity along B
25 Muv = Moment capacity of web portion of wall as per clause 9.4.2 and Annes A of IS 13920
26 Mux = Factored moment Along D
27 Muy = Factored moment Along B
28 Mux1 = Maximum uniaxial moment capacity for Pu Along D
29 Muy1 = Maximum uniaxial moment capacity for Pu Along B
30 Pb = Axial capacity of column as defined in 39.7.1.1
31 Pu = Factored axial force
32 S = Link Spacing
33 Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = Multiplying factor for shear strength of concrete as per 40.2.2
34 Vur = Factored resultant shear force acting on the column
35 Vux = Factored shear force Along D
36 Vuy = Factored shear force Along B
37 Wcr = Surface Crack Width
38 WcrPerm = Permissible Crack Width required in mm

Code References:
IS 456
ELEMENT CLAUSE / table
1 Max area of reinforcement : 26.5.3.1-a & b
2 Min area of reinforcement : 26.5.3.1-a & b
3 Min number of bars : 26.5.3.1-c
4 Minimum Eccentricity Calc : 25.4 & 39.2
5 Effective Length : 25.2
6 Slenderness Moments : 25.3 & 39.7
7 Design for axial loads : 39.3
8 Design for axial loads And uniaxial bending : 39.5
9 Design for axial loads And Biaxial bending : 39.6
10 Design of horizontal links : 26.5.3.2
11 Design shear strength : 40.2

IS 13920
ELEMENT CLAUSE / table
1 Spacing of special confining reinforcement : 9.4.5 and 7.4
2 C/s area of special confining reinforcement : 7.4.7
3 Applicability of boundary element : 9.4.1
4 Muv-Moment Capacity of Web : Annex
5 Additional Compressive Force in BE : 9.4.2
6 Check for BE in tension and compression : 9.4.3 and 9.4.4
7 Crack width calculation : 3.8

General Data
Column No. : C40
Level : BASE To STORY1
Design Code = IS Code
Grade Of Concrete = M40 N/Sqmm
Grade Of Steel = Fe415 N/Sqmm
Column B = 700 MM
Column D = 700 MM
Clear Cover = 40 MM
Clear Floor Height @ B = 3300 MM
Clear Floor Height @ D = 3300 MM
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Column Type : UnBraced
Minimum eccentricity check : One Axis at a Time

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = C40
Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB10
Load Combination = [2] : 0.9 (DEAD) +1.5 (EQX)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Pu = 660.97 KN
Mux = -1.32 KNM
Muy = -271.8 KNM
Vux = -90.32 KN
Vuy = -9.68 KN

Minimum Eccentricity Check


Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Most critical case is with Min. Eccentricity check in X-direction
Minimum Eccentricity Along D :
Minimum Eccentricity = Unsupported Length / 500 + D / 30
= 29.93 MM
Minimum Eccentricity > 20 MM
Mminx = Pu x Minimum Eccentricity
= 19.78 KNM

Slenderness Check
Max Slenderness Ratio(L/B) = 4.71
< 60 (Hence Ok)
Column Is Unbraced Along D
Slenderness Check Along D:
Effective Length Factor = 1
Slenderness Ratio = Effective Length / D
= 4.71, Column not Slender Along D
Column Is Unbraced Along B
Slenderness Check Along B:
Effective Length Factor = 1
Slenderness Ratio = Effective Length / B
= 4.71, Column not Slender Along B

Calculation of Design Moment


Direction Manalysis Mmin Mdesign Mslndx Mdesign-final
A B C E F
Major Axis - Mux 1.32 19.78 19.78 0 19.78
Minor Axis - Muy 271.8 --- 271.8 0 271.8

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Maximum of analysis moment and min. eccentricity = Max (A,B)
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F = Final design Moment = Max(C- Top Bottom , D- Top Bottom) + E

Final Critical Design Forces


Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending
Pu = 660.97 KN
Mux = 19.78 KNM
Muy = 271.8 KNM

Biaxial Bending Check


Pt Calculated = 0.82
Steel Provided = 20-T16
Mux1 = 627.86 KNM
Muy1 = 627.86 KNM
Puz = 0.45 x Fck x Ac + 0.75 x Fy x Asc
= 9999.23 KN
Pu/Puz = 0.07
Alpha = 1
Interaction Ratio = (Mux / Mux1)^Alpha + (Muy / Muy1)^Alpha)
= 0.46 < 1

Design Of Shear
Design for shear along D
Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB13
Critical Load Combination = [5] : 0.9 (DEAD) -1.5 (EQY) KN
Design shear force, Vuy = -16.4679 KN
Pu = 646.65
Design shear stress, Tvy = Vuy / (B x Deff) N/Sqmm
= 0.0361 N/Sqmm
Design shear strength, Tc = 0.4665 N/Sqmm
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1 + 3 x Pu / ( B x D x Fck)
= 1.099
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor (max) = 1.5
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1.099
Enhanced shear strength, Tc-e = 0.5127 N/Sqmm
Design shear check = Tvy < Tc x Enhancement factor
Link for Shear Design along D are not required

Design for shear along B


Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB11
Critical Load Combination = [3] : 0.9 (DEAD) -1.5 (EQX) KN
Design shear force, Vux = 112.6734 kN
Pu = 1305.99
Design shear stress, Tvx = Vux / (D x Beff) kN
= 0.2469 N/Sqmm
Design shear strength, Tc = 0.4665 N/Sqmm
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1 + 3 x Pu / ( B x D x Fck)
= 1.1999
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor (max) = 1.5
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1.1999
Enhanced shear strength, Tc-e = 0.5598 N/Sqmm
Design shear check = Tvx < Tc x Enhancement factor
Link for Shear Design along B are not required

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
> Max. longitudinal bar dia / 4
= 4 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 16 = 256 mm
Min. dimension of column = 700 mm
Max. 300 mm = 300 mm
Maximum B/2 = 350

Provided spacing = 250 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 250 --- --- 250 ---

General Data
Column No. : C40
Level : STORY1 To STORY2
Design Code = IS Code
Grade Of Concrete = M40 N/Sqmm
Grade Of Steel = Fe415 N/Sqmm
Column B = 700 MM
Column D = 700 MM
Clear Cover = 40 MM
Clear Floor Height @ B = 3300 MM
Clear Floor Height @ D = 3300 MM
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Column Type : UnBraced
Minimum eccentricity check : One Axis at a Time

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = C40
Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB7
Load Combination = [11] : 1.5 (DEAD) -1.5 (EQX)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Pu = 1562.18 KN
Mux = -113.02 KNM
Muy = 222.84 KNM
Vux = 124.58 KN
Vuy = -66.67 KN

Minimum Eccentricity Check


Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Most critical case is with Min. Eccentricity check in X-direction
Minimum Eccentricity Along D :
Minimum Eccentricity = Unsupported Length / 500 + D / 30
= 29.93 MM
Minimum Eccentricity > 20 MM
Mminx = Pu x Minimum Eccentricity
= 46.76 KNM

Slenderness Check
Max Slenderness Ratio(L/B) = 4.71
< 60 (Hence Ok)
Column Is Unbraced Along D
Slenderness Check Along D:
Effective Length Factor = 1
Slenderness Ratio = Effective Length / D
= 4.71, Column not Slender Along D
Column Is Unbraced Along B
Slenderness Check Along B:
Effective Length Factor = 1
Slenderness Ratio = Effective Length / B
= 4.71, Column not Slender Along B

Calculation of Design Moment


Direction Manalysis Mmin Mdesign Mslndx Mdesign-final
A B C E F
Major Axis - Mux 113.02 46.76 113.02 0 113.02
Minor Axis - Muy 222.84 --- 222.84 0 222.84

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Maximum of analysis moment and min. eccentricity = Max (A,B)
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F = Final design Moment = Max(C- Top Bottom , D- Top Bottom) + E

Final Critical Design Forces


Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending
Pu = 1562.18 KN
Mux = 113.02 KNM
Muy = 222.84 KNM

Biaxial Bending Check


Pt Calculated = 0.82
Steel Provided = 20-T16
Mux1 = 816.71 KNM
Muy1 = 816.71 KNM
Puz = 0.45 x Fck x Ac + 0.75 x Fy x Asc
= 9999.23 KN
Pu/Puz = 0.16
Alpha = 1
Interaction Ratio = (Mux / Mux1)^Alpha + (Muy / Muy1)^Alpha)
= 0.41 < 1

Design Of Shear
Design for shear along D
Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB1
Critical Load Combination = [1] : 1.5 (DEAD) +1.5 (LIVE) KN
Design shear force, Vuy = -100.5941 KN
Pu = 2171.43
Design shear stress, Tvy = Vuy / (B x Deff) N/Sqmm
= 0.2204 N/Sqmm
Design shear strength, Tc = 0.4665 N/Sqmm
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1 + 3 x Pu / ( B x D x Fck)
= 1.3324
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor (max) = 1.5
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1.3324
Enhanced shear strength, Tc-e = 0.6216 N/Sqmm
Design shear check = Tvy < Tc x Enhancement factor
Link for Shear Design along D are not required

Design for shear along B


Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB11
Critical Load Combination = [3] : 0.9 (DEAD) -1.5 (EQX) KN
Design shear force, Vux = 110.1857 kN
Pu = 1001.83
Design shear stress, Tvx = Vux / (D x Beff) kN
= 0.2414 N/Sqmm
Design shear strength, Tc = 0.4665 N/Sqmm
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1 + 3 x Pu / ( B x D x Fck)
= 1.1533
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor (max) = 1.5
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1.1533
Enhanced shear strength, Tc-e = 0.5381 N/Sqmm
Design shear check = Tvx < Tc x Enhancement factor
Link for Shear Design along B are not required

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
> Max. longitudinal bar dia / 4
= 4 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 16 = 256 mm
Min. dimension of column = 700 mm
Max. 300 mm = 300 mm
Maximum B/2 = 350

Provided spacing = 250 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 250 --- --- 250 ---

General Data
Column No. : C40
Level : STORY2 To STORY3
Design Code = IS Code
Grade Of Concrete = M40 N/Sqmm
Grade Of Steel = Fe415 N/Sqmm
Column B = 700 MM
Column D = 700 MM
Clear Cover = 40 MM
Clear Floor Height @ B = 3300 MM
Clear Floor Height @ D = 3300 MM
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Column Type : UnBraced
Minimum eccentricity check : One Axis at a Time

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = C40
Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB4
Load Combination = [8] : 1.2 (DEAD) +1.2 (LIVE) +1.2 (EQY)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Pu = 1325.56 KN
Mux = -206.05 KNM
Muy = 240.08 KNM
Vux = 118.11 KN
Vuy = -100.38 KN

Minimum Eccentricity Check


Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Most critical case is with Min. Eccentricity check in X-direction
Minimum Eccentricity Along D :
Minimum Eccentricity = Unsupported Length / 500 + D / 30
= 29.93 MM
Minimum Eccentricity > 20 MM
Mminx = Pu x Minimum Eccentricity
= 39.68 KNM

Slenderness Check
Max Slenderness Ratio(L/B) = 4.71
< 60 (Hence Ok)
Column Is Unbraced Along D
Slenderness Check Along D:
Effective Length Factor = 1
Slenderness Ratio = Effective Length / D
= 4.71, Column not Slender Along D
Column Is Unbraced Along B
Slenderness Check Along B:
Effective Length Factor = 1
Slenderness Ratio = Effective Length / B
= 4.71, Column not Slender Along B

Calculation of Design Moment


Direction Manalysis Mmin Mdesign Mslndx Mdesign-final
A B C E F
Major Axis - Mux 206.05 39.68 206.05 0 206.05
Minor Axis - Muy 240.08 --- 240.08 0 240.08

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Maximum of analysis moment and min. eccentricity = Max (A,B)
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F = Final design Moment = Max(C- Top Bottom , D- Top Bottom) + E

Final Critical Design Forces


Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending
Pu = 1325.56 KN
Mux = 206.05 KNM
Muy = 240.08 KNM

Biaxial Bending Check


Pt Calculated = 0.82
Steel Provided = 20-T16
Mux1 = 772.06 KNM
Muy1 = 772.06 KNM
Puz = 0.45 x Fck x Ac + 0.75 x Fy x Asc
= 9999.23 KN
Pu/Puz = 0.13
Alpha = 1
Interaction Ratio = (Mux / Mux1)^Alpha + (Muy / Muy1)^Alpha)
= 0.58 < 1

Design Of Shear
Design for shear along D
Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB1
Critical Load Combination = [1] : 1.5 (DEAD) +1.5 (LIVE) KN
Design shear force, Vuy = -124.8363 KN
Pu = 1414.29
Design shear stress, Tvy = Vuy / (B x Deff) N/Sqmm
= 0.2735 N/Sqmm
Design shear strength, Tc = 0.4665 N/Sqmm
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1 + 3 x Pu / ( B x D x Fck)
= 1.2165
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor (max) = 1.5
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1.2165
Enhanced shear strength, Tc-e = 0.5675 N/Sqmm
Design shear check = Tvy < Tc x Enhancement factor
Link for Shear Design along D are not required

Design for shear along B


Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB7
Critical Load Combination = [11] : 1.5 (DEAD) -1.5 (EQX) KN
Design shear force, Vux = 119.8392 kN
Pu = 984.89
Design shear stress, Tvx = Vux / (D x Beff) kN
= 0.2626 N/Sqmm
Design shear strength, Tc = 0.4665 N/Sqmm
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1 + 3 x Pu / ( B x D x Fck)
= 1.1507
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor (max) = 1.5
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1.1507
Enhanced shear strength, Tc-e = 0.5368 N/Sqmm
Design shear check = Tvx < Tc x Enhancement factor
Link for Shear Design along B are not required

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
> Max. longitudinal bar dia / 4
= 4 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 16 = 256 mm
Min. dimension of column = 700 mm
Max. 300 mm = 300 mm
Maximum B/2 = 350

Provided spacing = 250 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 250 --- --- 250 ---

General Data
Column No. : C40
Level : STORY3 To STORY4
Design Code = IS Code
Grade Of Concrete = M40 N/Sqmm
Grade Of Steel = Fe415 N/Sqmm
Column B = 700 MM
Column D = 700 MM
Clear Cover = 40 MM
Clear Floor Height @ B = 3300 MM
Clear Floor Height @ D = 3300 MM
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Column Type : UnBraced
Minimum eccentricity check : One Axis at a Time

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = C40
Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB1
Load Combination = [1] : 1.5 (DEAD) +1.5 (LIVE)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Pu = 669.85 KN
Mux = -319.73 KNM
Muy = 177.93 KNM
Vux = 92.32 KN
Vuy = -170.67 KN

Minimum Eccentricity Check


Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Most critical case is with Min. Eccentricity check in X-direction
Minimum Eccentricity Along D :
Minimum Eccentricity = Unsupported Length / 500 + D / 30
= 29.93 MM
Minimum Eccentricity > 20 MM
Mminx = Pu x Minimum Eccentricity
= 20.05 KNM

Slenderness Check
Max Slenderness Ratio(L/B) = 4.71
< 60 (Hence Ok)
Column Is Unbraced Along D
Slenderness Check Along D:
Effective Length Factor = 1
Slenderness Ratio = Effective Length / D
= 4.71, Column not Slender Along D
Column Is Unbraced Along B
Slenderness Check Along B:
Effective Length Factor = 1
Slenderness Ratio = Effective Length / B
= 4.71, Column not Slender Along B

Calculation of Design Moment


Direction Manalysis Mmin Mdesign Mslndx Mdesign-final
A B C E F
Major Axis - Mux 319.73 20.05 319.73 0 319.73
Minor Axis - Muy 177.93 --- 177.93 0 177.93

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Maximum of analysis moment and min. eccentricity = Max (A,B)
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F = Final design Moment = Max(C- Top Bottom , D- Top Bottom) + E

Final Critical Design Forces


Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending
Pu = 669.85 KN
Mux = 319.73 KNM
Muy = 177.93 KNM

Biaxial Bending Check


Pt Calculated = 0.82
Steel Provided = 20-T16
Mux1 = 629.95 KNM
Muy1 = 629.95 KNM
Puz = 0.45 x Fck x Ac + 0.75 x Fy x Asc
= 9999.23 KN
Pu/Puz = 0.07
Alpha = 1
Interaction Ratio = (Mux / Mux1)^Alpha + (Muy / Muy1)^Alpha)
= 0.79 < 1

Design Of Shear
Design for shear along D
Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB1
Critical Load Combination = [1] : 1.5 (DEAD) +1.5 (LIVE) KN
Design shear force, Vuy = -170.6719 KN
Pu = 550.92
Design shear stress, Tvy = Vuy / (B x Deff) N/Sqmm
= 0.374 N/Sqmm
Design shear strength, Tc = 0.4665 N/Sqmm
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1 + 3 x Pu / ( B x D x Fck)
= 1.0843
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor (max) = 1.5
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1.0843
Enhanced shear strength, Tc-e = 0.5059 N/Sqmm
Design shear check = Tvy < Tc x Enhancement factor
Link for Shear Design along D are not required

Design for shear along B


Critical Analysis Load Combination : COMB3
Critical Load Combination = [7] : 1.2 (DEAD) +1.2 (LIVE) -1.2 (EQX) KN
Design shear force, Vux = 118.3226 kN
Pu = 476.58
Design shear stress, Tvx = Vux / (D x Beff) kN
= 0.2593 N/Sqmm
Design shear strength, Tc = 0.4665 N/Sqmm
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1 + 3 x Pu / ( B x D x Fck)
= 1.0729
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor (max) = 1.5
Shear Strength Enhancement Factor = 1.0729
Enhanced shear strength, Tc-e = 0.5005 N/Sqmm
Design shear check = Tvx < Tc x Enhancement factor
Link for Shear Design along B are not required

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
> Max. longitudinal bar dia / 4
= 4 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 16 = 256 mm
Min. dimension of column = 700 mm
Max. 300 mm = 300 mm
Maximum B/2 = 350

Provided spacing = 250 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 250 --- --- 250 ---