Sunteți pe pagina 1din 5

# Statistics for Data Analysis @NikB 6/13/2014

Two Variable
Till now, We dealt with one variable
Correlation and Regression Lets try to find out,
How two things are connected?
How they effect each other?

Nikesh Bajaj
nikesh.14730@lpu.co.in
Asst. Prof., ECE Dept.
Lovely Professional University 117 By Nikesh Bajaj

## Concert and Weather Lets Analyze and predict

Guys: organizing concerts Sunshine and Attendance of audience
Concert are best in open air
Ticket sales in summer look promising

## Scenario: Temperature is dipping, look like rain, guys

want to predict attendance of audience for given hours of
sun shine.
If attendance will be less than 3500, where ticket wont
even cover the expenses they will cancel the event.

## What you can do with given data?

118 By Nikesh Bajaj 119 By Nikesh Bajaj

## What sort of analysis you

suggest? Exploring types of Data
Univariate Data: Frequency or probability of one
variable, e.g. weight, players score etc. One thing
It does not tell connection between two
If

## 120 By Nikesh Bajaj 121 By Nikesh Bajaj

1
Statistics for Data Analysis @NikB 6/13/2014

## Exploring types of Data Visualizing bivariate data

Bivariate Data: Values of two variable for each Scatter plot or scatter diagram: DOES IT HELPS?
observation.

## Independent or Explanatory variable SO WHAT YOU

One of variable has been controlled in some way or used to CAN
explain other OBSERVE??
Dependent or Response variable
So Which is which for our example?

## 122 By Nikesh Bajaj 123 By Nikesh Bajaj

Correlation Correlation
Scatter diagram shows the correlation between two
variable
Correlation
Linear: If it is straight line, can be others

## Correlation Coefficient r Computing r

r tells you kind of correlation,
positive, negative, perfect or no

## 126 By Nikesh Bajaj 127 By Nikesh Bajaj

2
Statistics for Data Analysis @NikB 6/13/2014

## Correlation and Causation Lets See example

If there is correlation between two variable Does that One intern was given many scatter plot of..
mean one caused the value of other??

## Correlation and Causation So for Concert

If there is correlation between two variable Does that Sunshine effect Attendance very much
mean one caused the value of other?? Good but
What about attendance of 3500 people??
Not always
Lets see example

Line of Best Fit

## 132 By Nikesh Bajaj 133 By Nikesh Bajaj

3
Statistics for Data Analysis @NikB 6/13/2014

## Line with minimum Error Lets find Line y= a + bx

Error b: Steepness of line, Slop

Find b = ?

## What about a ??? Solution (Linear Regression)

How to compute? Line of best fit
y = a + bx

## 136 By Nikesh Bajaj 137 By Nikesh Bajaj

y = 15.8 + 5.32x Ans 1: y =47.72 means 4772 people
Q1. When predicted sunshine is 6 Hours what would Ans 2: x=3.61 Hours
be attendance of audience in concert?

audience of 3500

## 138 By Nikesh Bajaj 139 By Nikesh Bajaj

4
Statistics for Data Analysis @NikB 6/13/2014

## Correlation Coefficient r Computing r

r tells you kind of correlation,
positive, negative, perfect or no

## Exercise Housing Prices (Portland, OR)

500

400
Price 300
(in 1000s 200
of dollars) 100

0
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000
Size (feet2)
Supervised Learning Regression Problem
Given the right answer for Predict real-valued output
each example in the data.
144 By Nikesh Bajaj