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# 9/28/2013

## Speech and Audio Signal Processing

ECE554

Overview
Introduction; Shot-time Process
Time Domain Analysis Energy and Average Magnitude

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## Average Zero-Crossing Rate

Speech Vs Silence
Autocorrelation Function
Pitch Period Estimation
Nikesh Bajaj
nikesh.14730@lpu.co.in
Asst. Prof. DSP, SECE
Lovely Professional University
2 By: Nikesh Bajaj

Short-Time Analysis

Short-Time Processing
Analysis Frame
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Problem and Solution : STFT
Short-Time Energy

Energy
Short-Time Energy
Or
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Window function

Short-Time Process

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STEA

OR

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## Window Window Effect

BW of Hamming window is aprox twice of
rectangular window of same length

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Hamming Window gives much greater attenuation
outside the passband compare to rectangular
If N is too small ~ pitch period
En will fluctuate very rapidly (Not Good)
If N is too large ~ several times X pitch period
En will change very slowly (Not Good)
N = 100-200 for 10KHz (10-20msec)

## 7 By: Nikesh Bajaj 8 By: Nikesh Bajaj

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Energy Plot: Effect of Windows and Sizes
Short-Time Energy
Major Significance
En provides basis for distinguishing Voiced and
Unvoiced speech segment
Can be used to locate when speech becomes voiced
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or unvoiced
Can be used for distinguishing speech from Silence
Drawback:
Very sensitive to large signal value due to ^2
Solution is Magnitude Function

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## Magnitude Plot: Effect of Windows and Sizes

Short-Time Zero-Crossing
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Zero Crossing
Z = 2* F0/Fs crossing/sample for sin
Interpretation
Computation

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## Zero Crossing Speech Vs Silence Detection

Block Diagram

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13 By: Nikesh Bajaj 14 By: Nikesh Bajaj

Short-Time-Autocorrelation Ba Short-Time-Autocorrelation
Properties
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With window

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Fs=10KHz
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N=401
Voiced
Unvoiced

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## Problem's for Exercise

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Solve exercise questions given at last
of chapter in Rabinar's Book

## 19 By: Nikesh Bajaj 20 By: Nikesh Bajaj

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Questions are available at the end of chapter from Rabinar's Book
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ke
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