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spct pvnd concptulz pogm col n nvmntul punvst - scu

opotunt

Sstmul d nvmnt pznt pncplul subsstm l sstmulu d duc,


c s f l ognz nsttuonl nvmntulu.

n cdul sstmulu d nvmnt sunt unt nsttul spclzt mplct n


pocsul d duc, cct cultu, sponsbl d lz n mod ognzt,
plnfct mtodc dzdtlo ductv. Poct lz funclo duc
pn connutu mtodolog spcfc, ognzt foml nonfoml s lzz n
confomtt cu numt pncp duconl gnl n col cu gdul d
dzvolt conomc, socl poltc soct.

n vzun postmodnst, sstmul d nvmnt, n sns lg, cupnd nsmblul


nsttulo c ptcp l ognz htctu col, dc l dul gnl
studlo p cclu, ont, fl tc. (Dctonn ncyclopdu d lducton t d
l fomton, 1994, p. 956). Pvt dn cst pspctv, sstmul d nvmnt un
cct dschs ncluznd p lng nsttul col unvst cu cct foml
nsttutl spclzt n nstunonfoml, cum f cntl d pgt pofsonl,
clubul, tbl col, pogml d do/tlvzun col/unvst, p d o
pt p d lt pt, df gn socl cu c scol stblt l d tp
contctul (coll mlt, coll pofsonl, bsc) su consnsul ( fml,
comuntt locl). (vz Gbl C. Cst, 2002, p. 107).

n sns stns sstmul d nvmnt cupnd nsttul col (col pm,


gmnzul, lcul, nvmntul pofsonl supo), ognzt p tpt, cclu n d
stud. Pvt dn cst punct d vd, sstmul d nvmnt st dfnt c sstm
col, spclzt n lz funclo pdgogc l sstmulu d duc l nvlul
pocsulu d nstu, n cdul conct l ctvt ddctc/ductv. (Dconul d
pdgog, 1979, p. 411).

C pt sstmulu d duc, sstmul d nvmnt cupnd u ognzlo


col dtmnt n pln pdgogc judc, n contxtul uno svc publc dot
f dschs cptv pmnnt l nou n vd lz cu mxm fcnt
ctvt d bz pocsulu d nvmnt, num nstu.
Scol omnsc s fl n pln pocs d fom, tt n pln stuctul, ct n pln
funconl. Unul dnt domnl n c fom tbu s poduc schmb snl
st cl l mngmntulu sstmulu d nvmnt, n gnl, cl l nsttu col,
n spcl. (ml Pun, 2002, p.11).

Pocsul d nvmnt st pncplul subsstm l sstmulu d nvmnt n

cdul cu s lzz nstu nv lvlo studnlo pn ntmdul

ctvtlo poctt, ognzt djt d ct pofso, n confomtt cu numt


nom pncp ddctc, nt-un contxt mtodc dcvt, plnd l sus mtl
ddctc potvt, n vd tng dzdtlo duc.

Pocsul d nvmnt pznt dmnsun dnmc sstmulu d nvmnt,


doc n cdul lu loc ctvtt d nv lv studn sunt ndum d
ct pofso cum s nv. Funcl gnl l sstmulu d nvmnt sunt lzt
n cdul pocsulu d nvmnt pn ntmdul pogmlo d nstu foml (d
nonfoml) stuctut hzt p cclu n d stud.

Pocsul d nvmnt st subodont dn punct d vd stuctul funconl f d


sstmul d nvmnt. Dmnsun oponl pocsulu d nvmnt, dpndnt d
dcz pofsoulu, conf cstu un numt gd d lbtt n poct, lz
dzvolt cucul nstu, dnmznd ctulznd pmnnt sstmul d
nvmnt. (vz Gbl C. Cst, 2002, p. 109).

Lg duct-Schmb n pogm scol

Stu nlo 2011-2015

nvmntul punvst - Cl m mpotnt schmb

1. nvmntul bzt p comptnt, nu do p sml d nfom

"Lg duc Nonl (LN) monzz lgsl nonl cu Cdul uopn l


Comptntlo Ch, s t n pot, vnd dpt obctv fnl nt p p munc.
LN pvd umtol opt ctgo d comptnt ch:

Comptnt d comunc n lmb omn lmb mtn, n czul mnotlo;

Comptnt d comunc n lmb stn;

Comptnt d bz n mtmtc, tn thnolog;

Comptnt dgtl;

Comptnt socl cvc;

Comptnt ntpnol;

Comptnt d snsblz d xps cultul;

Comptnt d nv s nv".

"Povoc pncpl pntu mplmnt fcnt cst no dc, ns, st


fom su -fom psonlulu ddctc pntu dopt pctcl modn bzt p
comptnt. n putnc psonlulu ddctc, c s mnfst pn ntmdul
stuctulo sndcl /su poltc, ntoduc un pcol mjo d d cst
fom snl pntu compttvtt omn p tmn mdu lung", consd
xpt Foum.

Potvt nlz lzt d cst thnk tnk, "unul dn lmntl ch pvzut d Lg


duc, ntoduc msttulu ddctc, st ctulmnt n suspns, cu pobbltt
dct d vn l sstmul nto, mult m poftbl fnnc pntu unvst, n
dtmntul clt pgt".

2. Modnz dcongston cuculumulu

"LN ntoduc o duc numulu d o l cls: mxmum 20, 25 30 d o pntu


nvmntul pm, gmnzl lcl, spctv. Dsmn s flxblzz
cuculumul consdbl pn dscntlz s pl: scol, pn ntmdul
pofsoulu, v put folos pn l 25% dn ol d cus pntu put spund nvolo
lvlo, confom potlo lvnt l nvl locl. (...) codnd comunt col o
voc n stbl pl potlo duconl pntu lv, cst tg o mplc
m ctv o sponsblz m xplct clo m mpotn cto n pocsul
duconl: cto locl", s t n pot.

nlzz pczz c "dmt d ct mnstul Pop dctoulu nsttutulu


Nonl pntu duc, c coodon pocsul lbo noulu cuculum, unct
cst zon n ncttudn, n spcl pvnd clsl 2-, 5- 9- c tbu s f
gt pn n tomn 2013".

3. ntoduc nvmntulu pofsonl

"nvmntul pofsonl st un dn mzl mjo l fom duc. Lps


un fo d munc bn clfct n mult domn pofsonl st un spct
smnlt fot fcvnt d ct gn conomc, un dn pncpll fn n
dzvolt uno gun. Pncplul motv l dclnulu nvmntulu pofsonl
n ultm 10 n fost dconct lu tptt d nvol p munc".

"Pn nol pvd l LN, s- ntodus un nou sstm p modl gmn, unul dn
cl m pfomnt l nvl uopn mondl. Fc lv un contct cu o
fm, bnfcz d o bus d 200 d l, o ctvtt pctc, n cdul
fm, d 60% n pmul n d 75% n l dol n. Fml pot complt busl
cu sum suplmnt pntu tg c m bun lv. ut cst ntv st
dmonstt d supsc d dou o, pntu nul 2012, loculo dsponbl n
coll pofsonl, pcum d ntsul dosbt mnfstt d compnl
gmn pznt n omn c u nfnt l Bov o col pofsonl
pvt l c tstt vo f cunoscut n Gmn".

"Fgltt poltc pogmulu st dt d fptul c l dvz un num m


d potnl studn/cln unvstlo pvt, nflun n ctul guvn.
cu ct succsul su ct, cu tt ct vulnbltt. n cst contxt,
mntndu-n d poctul d lg pomovt n 2011 d ct ctulul mnstu,
pntu pmt ccsul lvlo f bclut n unvst, ntv
bclutul pofsonl p c un mod ocolt d tng cl obctv. olul
su mdt ns v f d dtun tn ct o zon g, nt bclutul clsc
col pofsonl, ofndu-l o dplom d cton f nco lvnt su
pspctv p p munc. Ulto ct nu vo v lt solu dct nsc
l unvst pvt, ngondu-l poftul".
4. Fnn p lv pncpul fnn umz lvul

"Msu ntoduc o compt sntos nt unt d nvmnt pntu tg


lv, nu do nt col publc, c nt col publc pvt, cu fct
bnfc sup clt duc. cst msu put ntmpn o opoz
putnc dn pt sndctlo, c u fcut dj psun pntu c lgsltvul s
duc su s lmn cst mcnsm compttv, n scopul d gnt vntu
collo publc cdlo ddctc, ndpndnt d cltt duc funzt, p
pncpul tdonl l sncu. Numo pm sunt dsmn nmulum
pntu c u pdut contolul sup uno fondu p c l dconu dso n
cu totul lt dc dct pntu susn duc".

"Fnn p lv n consd cclul, tpul d duc (l z, sl, ntgt, '


dou sns', 'stp by stp', voconl, pofl muzc, t plstc, tc.), mdul
ubn/ul, lmb folost, zon gogfc."

5. Dscntlz ct sponsblz n sstm

"Pn LN s dscntlzz pocsul duconl, codnd un ol cntl


conslulu d dmnst l unt d nvmnt, c nclud pzntn
clo t p ntst: cdl ddctc, comuntt locl (pm conslu
locl) pn. Pondl sunt stblt n fl nct comuntt locl, pn
pn, conslu locl pm, s dn mjott n conslul d dmnst.
Dsmn, dctoul fc unt smnz un contct d mngmnt cu
pmul, c s vldz d ct conslul locl, pcum un contct duconl
cu pn, n c sunt nscs oblgl plo".

"cst modfc schmb pofund dnmc ntn untlo d nvmnt


ch comuntlo locl, pntu c n loc s s supun uno dcz lut l sut d
klomt dstn d ct pson complt dconctt d l ltl locl,
mmb comunt tbu s nz s ntn un dlog pvnd potl
comunt n duc. cst mcnsm un ol d duc comunt
pvnd mplc utoognz n nts comun, d slbt substnl
contolul cntl".
"Dn pct cst pvd lgl nu u fost nc mplmntt l nvl d lgsl
scund (Odn d mnstu), dj l dt publc pzntulu tcol, st p
tzu pntu cst n col.Dscntlz v tbu s m tpt pn n nul
col 2013-2014".

6. Cls pgtto sstmul lctonc d nsc

"ntoduc cls pgtto vzz o tc ntd fsc d l joc l


nv, ducnd totodt vst md popul col l dbutul
nvmntulu oblgtou, c st stz c m dct dn uop. Sstmul
lctonc d nsc ntoduc tnspnt fcnt n pocsul d nsc,
lmnnd unl pctc c conducu n sstmul pcdnt l o dfvoz d
fcto fmllo cu sus fnnc dus, f 'lt' f posbltt d
of 'tnt' smnfctv".

"Sstmul stmulz dsmn compt pntu lv, oblgnd coll s f m


cptv l solctl pfnl pnlo. Scndlul poltc mdtc dn
juul cst poblm st un dn cl m vzbl dct conscn l hosulu
poltc dn ultml 6 lun. pul poltc msv d l Mnstul duc, m
ls d l stuctul sl dn ttou, pcum nul modfc
ntmpstv pocdulo d chz u condus l pzntul hos dmnsttv.
Dn nou, zc d m d cop pn u dvnt vctm coltl l dvslo
vndt poltc, complt dconctt d poblml l l ctnlo".

7. Potofolul duconl modfc sstmulu d vlu lvlo

"S ntoduc o dtl pofund smnfctv pocsulu d vlu, c


nu s v m zum l o s d num (not), c v ncc s dtlz c s
scund n sptl notlo. vlu v f m fcvn, v v loc l sftul
cls pgtto l clslo -, V-, V- X-. Potofolul
duconl joc olul unu CV, cu nfom sufcnt pntu ghd lvul, d
pn cdl ddctc n modul cl m psonlzt posbl."

"vlu m fcvnt nu olul d ntoduc obstcol suplmnt, c


dmpotv, d dlu mz pntu obn o mgn ct m pun dstosont
pozon l lvulu. cst sstm, m dtlt m psonlzt duc
omn n ps cu bunl pctc ntnonl. Sttutul su n pznt, st, dn
nou, nct. Noul sstm d vlu fost ntodus nt-o s d unt col
plot n cusul nulu col pcdnt, n cst n, l um s f ntodus l
nvlul ntg ."

"Nu xst nc nfom cl n cst sns, d dc nu st ntodus, l v tbu


s tpt nul col 2013."

8. tc bun condut: bclutul supvght

"mpctul dct, p tmn scut ns, st d du c pntu zc d m d tn


npgt, p d o pt, d pv unvstlo d slb cltt d un num
m d cln xtm d poftbl, p d lt pt. Dn punct d vd poltc, l
dol fcto st nfnt m putnc, psun poltc pntu popul
bnclo, ctulmnt gol, l fbclo pvt d dplom, st mns. Pm
tnttv, d pmt ccsul n unvst f bclut, ut n tomn
2011, d st umt d o nou ntv, m subtl, d cu cl scop:
bclutul pofsonl. mn d vzut c lv s vo ls pcl d cst
cl d mnm zstnt ct un vto pofsonl sumbu".

Schmbl dn nul 2015-2016

Dup pop 15 n, mnstul duc schmbt pogm col. D nul vto lv


d cls 5- vo pd o o d lmb lttu omn ltn s mut d l cls 8-
l 7-.

p mt no cum f duc socl su nfomtc "pntu c lv tbu s


s dn ltg" comntt mnstul duc dn Cuj.

D nul vto, cop d cls 5- vo v num 4 o p sptmn d lmb omn, n


loc d 5. D vo v 2 o d sto n loc d un. n plus, spun mnstul, "vm o
dscpln nou nfomtc TC. st mpotnt zon d lgotm c vom nvt n
lv not. duc thnologc v v plc pctc."
pntu c num 70% dnt coll dn omn u lboto d nfomtc, mnstul
duc popun c lv s nv d p tblt su tlfon mobl. n pogm d
gmnzu m p o mt: duc socl. ltn s mut dn cls 8- n 7-.

O lt modfc dus noulu pln cdu pntu gmnzu st numul m m d


cusu oponl: nt 1 3 pn n cls 7- nt 1 4 n cls 8-. Pnt
mtl vzt s num duc pntu sntt; gnd ctc su duc judc.

"Pogm col mnull vo cop 75% dn numul d o stfl nct 25% dn


tmp s f l dspoz pofsoulu pntu pofund, cup, spun mnstul
Cuj.

Cpn Ftusnc, dctoul nsttutulu d tn l duc: "N-m dot c un copl s


s pot dzvolt n gmnzu n tot dmnsunl psonlt umn."

Un pn spun c pogm ctul st p ncct sp c modfcl s jut


p cop. Noul pln cdu pntu gmnzu nt n vgo dn tomn nulu 2017. Pn
tunc mnstul duc pomt s fomz pofso pntu nol mt.

C n tpt n vto?

nul col 2016-2017 put duc o s d modfc smnfctv n nvmntul


omnsc, potvt popunlo nntt Mnstulu duc.

Nou lg duc fc f l ntoduc un tpt l cls X-, modfc


xmnulu d dmt l lcu bclut dfnt.

f bn-vnt o vlu l sftul cls X-, c pot hz lv, ofndu-l


posbltt lg clo c obn zultt m bun l tpt -, dclt
mnstul duc, Son Cmpnu.

n plus, mnstul duc v s mplmntz un bclut dfnt, c s


nclud un xmn spcl pntu bsolvn d col pofsonl, c s ncp dn
cls X-. Pn cst ntv, mnstul duc dot s ncujz nsc
lvlo l coll pofsonl.

O lt modfc, c put fct smnfctv ctvtt lvlo flt n pznt n cclul


gmnzl, st ntoduc xmnulu d dmt l lcu, p lng vlu
Nonl.
Poctul d lg pvnd ognz xmnulu d dmt l lcu fost nntt d
ctn ndonscu pvd dou tp d dsfu. stfl, concusul s v ognz
l lcl bun, und lv vo nt n func d md compus dn not d l xmn
(50%), md d l vlu Nonl (30%) mdl nlo d gmnzu (20%).

Mnstul duc nu st ns d cod cu ntoduc dmt l lcu n pll cu


vlu Nonl t c c m fcnt mtod st c utlzt n pznt
ptz computzt.

Pond d 25% mdlo dn gmnzu st fsc n clcul md d dmt,


pntu c lv s f pgt l tot dscplnl. Dc s nsst pntu concus d
dmt l lcu, cst pot f pzntt d vlu Nonl l c s nu s m
dug mdl dn gmnzu, ns tptm opn mjot, dclt mnstul
duc.

Rscu opotunt pntu schmb

voctul plmnt pntu potc dptulo coplulu, Tm Plmdl, ognzt


o ms otund cu gncul: Pogm col ncct conscnl cst sup
snt lvlo. L vnmnt u ptcpt pzntn Mnstulu duc,
Mnstulu Snt, nsttutulu d tn l duc, UNCF, pcum
plmnt, mmb ONG-ulo, pofso lv.

voctul plmnt motvt ncstt dzbt cstu subct pn fptul c cl m


fcvnt l fost bodt n cdul clo 46 d ms otund, p c dumn l-
ognzt n n muncpul Chnu. tt cop, ct pofso s-u plns c u un
cuculum mult p ncct, totzt, cu pun o d spot cu o fculttv l
obctl cl m gl. Dn cst cuz, lv nu u tmp pntu odhn su pntu
pctc lto ctvt dn spctul lo d nts cl m gv c mul dnt
cuz poblm d sntt, dclt Tm Plmdl. voctul contnu stfl
cunl ncput d fot voc plmnt, ntnonnd s fomulz, n tmpul cl m
popt, m mult comnd conct p c s l nntz psonlo cu nlt
func d spund, scopul fnl fnd vzu cuculumulu col totzt n
tmn zonbl, stfl nct cst s cospund ncstlo l pntu dzvolt
coplo n vd dpt l un mod d v ndpndnt.

lv pzn l vnmnt u susnut d fom sstmulu d nvmnt n gnl.


dosc un pogm d studu ndvdulzt, cu ccnt p ctvtl xtcucul,
nct s pot plc to n pctc. col ctul pogm d studu n
blonz nu n jut s n gsm cl n v. N-m do cv mult m popt
ntslo splo nost ndvdul, mnont Don Fsnnu, lv l Lcul
Pomtu.
Pnt lt poblm xpus d lv s num lps tnspotulu col c - jut s
nu s scol cu nopt-n cp s nu ntz l o, c m lung, c l- pmt
s mnnc s nu dzvolt fcun gstc un pogm d studu c n SU, M
Btn su lt dn U.
Pofso, c u vnt s susn lv u spus c pobl d vlu sunt fot dfcl,
dn cst cuz lv sunt oblg s nv fot mult. n plus, l fc sft d
tmstu, lv susn vlu l tot obctl, c c duc l supsolct lo. Dpt
solu fost popus smplfc subctlo ponnd d l smplfc vlulo.
Ndjd Vlsco, consultnt pncpl l Dc d nlz, Montoz vlu
poltclo, n cdul Mnstul duc, pzntt tot cunl p c Mnstul l-
ntpns dn 1999 ncoc pntu fom pogm col, mnonnd c c d-
t ultm vlu s- lzt n 2009 umz c noul cuculum s f pobt n
fbu 2016, do dup c v f consultt cu lv, pofso spclt dn domnu.
n m un vo f nstut cdl ddctc, nct, l 1 sptmb, s ntm n noul
n col cu o pogm nou, c, spm, s cospund ntslo lvlo , tt
N. Vlsco.

Noul cuculum fost lbot n um un vlu fctut d ct nsttutul d tn


l duc (S) cu spjnul UNCF, p un nton d 1000 d lv, pst 500 d
pn 400 d pofso. cst v f, potvt spuslo Ld Podols, dcto S,
dcongstont dptt ncstlo lvlo. pzntnt UNCF, Ludml Lft,
n- sgut c n 2016 lv vom v o vnt m bun pogm col, n c s
s gssc fc lv.
lv pofso consd c pogm col st ncct, post stuctut
nfolosto pcz c notl obnut n col nu contz pntu v succs n
v, o tm dnt col plz l mdt ptcul pntu nlg m bn
mt pdt l o.

Pogm col ncct, post stuctut nfolosto - studu


Concluzl zult dnt-un studu lzt, n lun dcmb, d Mto Md Tnslvn
pntu gn d Sttg Guvnmntl pnt lv dn clsl V-X pofso
dn nvmntul punvst.

Dot slb nvcht, xgn pofsolo modul d pd sunt consdt


pncpl poblm l col, poxmtv o tm dnt spondn fc f l
nvlul sczut d sgun n col ttudn ncuvncos lvlo f d pofso.

Cltt slb mnullo col st motv d nmulum pntu pop 20% dnt
lv, c dosc s dvn n pncpl pton, omn d fc, mng, voc,
mdc.

Ms d polst su jndm st pct d ct lv m mult dct c d vdt d


tlvzun, pcto, muzcn, tst, ngn, poltcn, pm, muncto clfct, funcon
publc.

Un num pzntnd 42% dnt lv cunosc c u consumt butu lcoolc,


27% dnt ct u fumt.

ntb cum l s p nfoml, cunotnl p c l pmsc n col, 44% dnt


lv u spuns c cst sunt "p mult", 25-26% l consd "nutl,
nfolosto" "gu d nls". M mult d jumtt dnt ct susn c st nvo
d un sngu mnul pntu c mt, ls d ct pofso, 39% dnt lv vo
c unfoml col s f putt l tot cclul d nvmnt.

Numul sptmnl d o d col st consdt m d 64% dnt lv, o tm


spun c notl obnut nu contz pntu v succs n v. Pn l 30% dnt ct
pmsc mdt ptcul d l pofso d cls su dn lt col, n pncpl l
mtmtc lmb omn, sum md pltt pntu o dn fnd d 35 l.

L ndul lo, pop jumtt dnt pofso dn nvmntul punvst spun c


sstmul duconl omnsc nu st "nc bun, nc u" consd, c lv, c
pogm col ncct, post stuctut nfolosto st pncpl poblm
duc.