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Section 03300 Cast in Place Concrete

1.13 CONCRETE UNDER WATER

A. Ensure that the actual mix proportions and selection of aggregates for concrete to
be placed in or under water will result in a concrete with a good flow and cohesion
characteristics.

B. Provide the concrete for under water including piles with cement content of 10%
greater than for a comparable mix for use in dry conditions. Use a mix designs
capable of producing minimum works cube strength for all concrete as given in
Table 03300-01 for the comparable mixes for use in dry conditions.

C. The slump of the concrete must not be less than 125 mm when tested in the dry
condition in accordance with BS 1881.

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 CONCRETE MATERIALS

A. Cement: Comply with ASTM C150 Type I & Type II – Ordinary Portland Cement
and Moderate Sulphate Resisting Cement, respectively.

1. Use Type I Ordinary Portland cement throughout the works except for the
substructures, piling and sanitary related structure where moderate
sulphate-resisting cement type II shall be used unless otherwise stated on
the contract documents or drawings or dependent on soil conditions as
determined by the Engineer.

B. Fine and Coarse Aggregates: Shall be examined for classification by


petrographical examination and shall comply with the requirements of Section
02207 and the following:

1. Hard strong and durable. Contain no harmful material in sufficient quantity


to affect adversely the strength or the durability of the concrete or in the
case of reinforced concrete to attack the reinforcement.
2. Clay, silt and dust shall be to the minimum level acceptable in accordance
with BS 882.
3. Coarse aggregates: Crushed quarried gabbro type, or limestone that
meets the physical requirements and chemical properties specified
hereinafter.
4. Fine aggregates: Natural gabbro sand or Crushed quarried gabbro or lime
stone types that meet the physical requirements and physical properties
specified hereinafter.
5 Physical requirement:

a. Weight of voided shells in fine aggregates not to exceed 3 percent.

b. Clay, silts, and dust content not to exceed the following limits:

Coarse aggregates 1 percent by weight.

Crushed stone sands 5 percent by weight.

Natural sands 3 percent by weight.

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Section 03300 Cast in Place Concrete

c. Combined Flakiness index of coarse aggregates not to exceed 35


percent as determined in accordance with BS 812

d. Combined Elongation index of coarse aggregates not to exceed 35


percent as determined in accordance with BS 812.

e. Absorption of fine and coarse aggregates not to exceed 2.5 percent as


determined in accordance with BS 812.

f. 10% fines value of coarse aggregates shall not be less than 75kN as
determined in accordance with BS 812-111.

g. Los Angeles abrasion value shall not exceed 30% as determined to


ASTM C131 or C535.

h. Nominal size of coarse aggregates except otherwise stated in the


contract document to be as follow:

Concrete class 'A' 10 mm.

Concrete class 'B' 20 mm.

Concrete class 'C' (unreinforced) 20 mm.

C. Water: Comply with the requirement of BS 3148.


1. Potable, clean, fresh, and free from sand grit and all mater, this is
detrimental to concrete.
2. pH of water in concrete work not be less than 5 and no more than 9.
3. The maximum content of acid soluble chlorides (as NaCl) in any concrete
mix not to exceed 0.4 % by weight of cement.

CONCRETE CLASSIFICATION, MIX DESIGN, AND MATERIAL SPECIFICATION

Table 03300-01

No Item Class of concrete


A B C
1 Typical applications Reinforced Unreinforced
Precast Work Anchor blocks Circular Infilling soft
Slabs < Slabs shafts areas
200mm thick 250mm thick and overbreak.
Columns and Blinding & pipe
beams. surround
2 Grade C40 C20
3 Minimum Cube Strength N/mm2
7 Days 30 min 15
28 Days 40 min 20
4 Cement
Type Above GL OPC
Below GL MSRC MSRC
Conten Minimum 390 250
t

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Section 03300 Cast in Place Concrete

No Item Class of concrete


A B C
Kg/m3 Maximum 450 325
Age >
| 3 months
5 Aggregate
Nominal Size(mm) 10 20
% Fine 30-45 45-55
Combined Flakiness >
| 35%
Index
Combined >
| 35%
Elongation Index
10% fines value >75kN
Los Angeles >
| 30%
abrasion value
Gradin Fine >
| 10% > 5mm
g
Coarse >
| 5% > 10mm > | 5% > 20mm >
| 10% < 5mm
>
| 10% < 5mm
Clay Lumps (by Fine >
| 3% Coarse >
| 1% by Weight
weight)
Absorption >
| 2.5%
Voided Shells >
| 3.0%
Chlorides Fine >| 0.06% Coarse >| 0.03%
Sulphates >
/ 0.4%
Soundness Loss of Na3SO4 >
| 10% & MgSO4 > | 15%
Alkali Reaction None
Thermal Expansion >
| Low
Friable Particles (by Fine >
| 1% Course >
| 0.5% by Weight
weight)
6 Water
Free Water/Cement >
| 0.40 >
| 0.5
Ratio
Ph 7 < pH < 9
Chlorides >
| 0.025%
Sulphates >
| 0.035%
Alkali Carbonates & >
| 0.05%
Bicarbonates
TDS >
| 0.2%
7 Density
Minimum Kg/m3 2400 2300
8 Slump To be determined during design mix tests but normal range
75-125mm
9 Admixtures Strictly in accordance with manufacturers N/A
instructions with CaCl2 content zero
10 Temperature
Cement | 45oc when entering mixers
>
Concrete At Placement >| 32oc
Shade | 40oc & Rising or < 43oc & Falling
>
11 Quality Control on fresh and hardened concrete in accordance with clause 3.10 of this
section

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Section 03300 Cast in Place Concrete

2.2 ADMIXTURES

A. Chemical: ASTM C494 and BS 5075.

1. Do not use admixtures containing chlorides.

2. Use water reducing admixture, retarding admixture, and accelerating


admixture in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendation.

3. Conduct trial mixes in the presence of the Engineer and the manufacturer
representative.

4. Do not use admixture together with other admixture in the same mix.

5. Do not use admixture intended to change the flow characteristics,


cohesion or rate of setting of the concrete without the approval of the
Engineer.

2.3 ACCESSORIES

A. Bonding Agent: Polymer resin emulsion, Polyvinyl Acetate, Latex emulsion, two
component modified epoxy resin, Non-solvent two-component polysulfide epoxy,
Mineral filled polysulfide polymer epoxy, Mineral filled polysulfide polymer epoxy
resin, cured epoxy.

B. Vapour Retarder: 0.25 mm or 0.5 mm thick clear polyethylene film type, for below
grade application.

C. Non-Shrink Grout: Premixed compound consisting of non-metallic aggregate,


cement, water reducing and plasticizing agents; capable of developing minimum
compressive strength of 17 MPa in 48 hours and 48 MPa in 28 days;

D. Curing Compounds: High efficiency curing compound ASTM C309, BS 8110, or


Water base concrete curing compound ASTM C309.

1. Store, handle, and apply curing compound in accordance with the


manufacture's specification and instructions.

2. Must be capable of retaining moisture and water in the fresh concrete and
provide an effective barrier to acidic atmospheric gases and water borne
salts responsible for the corrosion mechanism of concrete.

2.4 JOINT DEVICES AND FILLER MATERIALS

A. Joint Filler: ASTM D 1751; ASTM D 994; Bitumen impregnated fibreboard, for use
in dry structures.

B. Joint Filler: ASTM D 1752; High performance cross linked, closed cell, non-
absorbent, polyethylene for use in liquid bearing structures.

C. Joint Sealant: Non-degradable for its particular application, suitable for use in hot
climates, elastoplastic, with a movement accommodation factor of at lest + 12
percent.

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