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12/17/2017 Objective Questions or MCQs on Switchgear and Protection | Electrical4u


Objective Questions or MCQs on Switchgear and Protection

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01) When series reactor is used in generating stations, the fault current magnitude is

increased

reduced

remains unaffected

any of the above

Hints

Fault current If ∝ 1/X Where X = Reactance of the network Therefore, with series reactor, the fault current magnitude is
reduced. It is preferred in the generating stations in some special applications for limiting the current flowing through the
low MVA rating circuit breakers.

02) Operator "a" rotates a vector

clock wise direction

anti clock wise direction

either 1 or 2

nether 1 nor 2

Hints

For reducing the number of vectors and to get the relation between the vectors operator "a" is used. Operator "a" rotates a
vector in anti clock wise direction. a = 1∠ 120° a² = 1∠ 240° = 1∠ -120° a³ = 1∠ 360° = 1

03) A transmission line has self and mutual impedances of 0.8 pu and 0.2 pu. Find the positive, negative and
zero sequence impedances respectively?

0.6, 0.8 and 1.2 pu

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0.6, 0.6 and 1.2 pu

0.8, 0.8 and 1.2 pu

0.8, 0.6 and 1.2 pu

Hints

Zs = impedance due to self inductance Zm = impedance due to mutual inductance Zero sequence impedance Z0 = Zs + 2 Zm
= 0.8 + 2×0.2 = 1.2 pu Positive sequence impedance Z1 = Negative sequence impedance Z2 = Zs - Zm = 0.8 - 0.2 = 0.6 pu

04) Positive, negative and zero sequence impedances of line are 2,2 and 5 pu respectively. Find self and mutual
impedances respectively?

1 and 3 pu

3 and 1 pu

2 and 2 pu

2 and 5 pu

Hints

Zs = impedance due to self inductance Zm = impedance due to mutual inductance Zero sequence impedance Z0 = Zs + 2 Zm
Positive sequence impedance Z1 = Negative sequence impedance Z2 = Zs - Zm

05) A transmission line has self and mutual impedances are 0.8 and 0 pu respectively. Find the positive,
negative and zero sequence impedances respectively?

0.6, 0.8 and 1.2 pu

0.6, 0.6 and 1.2 pu

0.6, 0.6 and 0.6 pu

0.8, 0.8 and 0.8 pu

Hints

Zs = impedance due to self inductance Zm = impedance due to mutual inductance Zero sequence impedance Z0 = Zs + 2 Zm
Positive sequence impedance Z1 = Negative sequence impedance Z2 = Zs - Zm When mutual impedance is zero, Z1 = Z2 =
Z0 = Zs = 0.8 pu

06) For symmetrical network, the neutral current is

zero

infinity

maximum

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12/17/2017 Objective Questions or MCQs on Switchgear and Protection | Electrical4u

any of the above

Hints

For a symmetrical network only the positive sequence component are present. Neutral current IN = IR + IY + IB Where IR, IY
and IB are currents passing through three phases. Neutral current IN = 3 IR0 For symmetrical network IR1 ≠ 0 IR2 = IR0 = 0
Therefore, neutral current IN = 0 for symmetrical network.

07) When reactance grounding is used in network, the voltage between neutral and ground is

I N × Xn

IR0 × Xn

3×IR0 × Xn

both 1 and 3

Hints

Neutral current IN = IR + IY + IB Where IR, IY and IB are currents passing through three phases. Neutral current IN = 3 IR0
When reactance grounding is used in network, the voltage between neutral and ground is VNG = IN × Xn = 3×IR0 × Xn

08) The value of inductance used for compensation of arcing grounds is

3ω²C

1/3ω²C

3/ω²C

ω²C/3

Hints

In case of ground faults LG and LLG, arcing grounds are produced, this will cause charging current of the capacitor
increase and hence voltage of the healthy phases are raised to dangerous limits, at which insulation failure of healthy
phases occurs. To compensate this effect an inductive coil called 'Peterson coil' is connected between ground and the
neutral. The value of inductance used for compensation of arcing grounds = 1/3ω²C

09) The ground capacitance existing between transmission line and ground is 4µF. Find the inductive reactance of
the peterson coil for compensation of arcing grounds?

0.844 Ω

855.26 Ω

265.25 Ω

625.35 Ω

Hints

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12/17/2017 Objective Questions or MCQs on Switchgear and Protection | Electrical4u

The value of inductance used for compensation of arcing grounds

10) Earth fault relay uses the which of the following sequence currents?

positive sequence

negative sequence

zero sequence

any of the above

Hints

In case of unsymmetrical faults like LG, LLG the fault current pass through ground to the neutral and providing a relay
between the neutral and ground, the zero sequence currents are passing through this relay for protection of electrical
equipments like generator, transformer etc. This relay is called earth fault relay or ground fault relay.

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