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Molloy College

Division of Education

Taylor Keteltas Professor Ryan Lane


EDU 346 03 November 27, 2017
Grade 1: Phases of the Moon Science

INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES (s) (Lesson Objective(s)*)

After filling out a KWL chart and participating in an interactive read-aloud of Faces of the Moon
by Bob Crelin, students will model each phase of the moon on a “Phases of the Moon with Oreo
Cookies” worksheet and accurately answer at least 4 of the 5 questions from the “wonder”
section of the KWL chart and write it in the “learned” section.

NYS-CCLS / +NYS STANDARDS AND INDICATORS


Science Standards
NGSS 1-ESS1-1 Earth’s Places in the Universe
 Use observations of the sun, moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted.
NGSS Disciplinary Core Idea: ESS1.A: The Universe and its Stars
 Patterns of the motion of the sun, moon, and stars in the sky can be observed, described,
and predicted.

Indicator: This will be evident when students learn about and create their own phases of
the moon using Oreo cookies.

ELA Standard: New York State Next Generation English Language Arts Learning
Standards
Reading Standards (Literacy and Informational Text)
Key Ideas and Details
IR7
Use illustrations and details in literacy and informational texts to discuss story elements and/or
topics.

Indicator: This will be evident when students use the illustrations in Faces of the Moon
by Bob Crelin to create their phases of the moon using Oreo cookies.

INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES
Materials will include:
 Pencil
 KWL chart
© Molloy College, Division of Education, Rockville Centre, NY 11571
Revised 10/25/16
*edTPA academic language
 Markers
 Whiteboard
 Faces of the Moon by Bob Crelin
 Guided Reading handout
 “Moon in my room” light
 “Phases of the Moon with Oreo Cookies” worksheets (struggling, average, and advanced
students)
 Oreo cookies
 Spoon for the Oreo cookies
 Independent practice worksheet
 Direct teacher intervention worksheet
 Academic enrichment worksheet
 Moon vocabulary worksheet (for English learners)
 Supplies for gifted student’s activity (construction paper, oak tag, scissors, crayons, and
glue)

MOTIVATION (Engaging the learner(s)*)


To begin the lesson, teacher will introduce the book Faces of the Moon by Bob Crelin and will
ask students to infer what the book will be about.

DEVELOPMENTAL PROCEDURES
(including Key Questions)
1. After the motivation, students will receive a KWL (know, wonder, learned) chart and
teacher will ask students to fill in any prior knowledge that they have on the moon and its
phases in the “know” section and students will share what they already know. (What do
you know about the moon? What do you know about the phases of the moon?)

2. Then, Students will circle at least two items in the “want to know” section of the KWL
chart and will share what they want to know about the moon and its phases. (What do you
want to learn about the moon? What do you want to know about the phases of the moon?)

3. Following the group discussion on what students know and want to know about the topic,
teacher will begin an interactive read-aloud of the book Faces of the Moon by Bob Crelin
and distribute a guided reading worksheet for students to fill out during the reading.
Students will fill in the blanks for the first section of the book and will color in the phases
on the guided reading worksheet for the second section of the book. During the phases
section of the book, teacher will display the “moon in my room.” (What do you notice
about the different phases of the moon? How many phases are there?)

4. After the interactive read-aloud, the teacher will ask to students to refer to their guided
reading worksheet and have volunteers to go up to the white board and attach the name of
the moon below the phase that is posted on the board. (Can you draw a waning gibbous?
Can you draw a full moon?)
© Molloy College, Division of Education, Rockville Centre, NY 11571
Revised 10/25/16
*edTPA academic language
5. After the interactive read aloud, students will receive a Phases of the Moon with Oreo
Cookies worksheet. Students will use Oreo cookies to determine the different phases of
the moon. Students will demonstrate hands-on learning by using a spoon to scoop out a
certain amount of cream from each Oreo to make each phase. (Can you make a new moon
using an Oreo? Can you create a first quarter moon using an Oreo?)

6. To conclude the lesson, students will return to the KWL worksheet and will accurately
answer at least 4 of the 5 questions from the “wonder” section of the KWL chart and
write it in the “learned” section. (How many phases of the moon are there? Can you draw
a phase of the moon?)

INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES (Learning Strategies*)


Interactive Read-Aloud
Indicator: This will be evident when the teacher reads aloud of Faces of the Moon by Bob
Crelin and actively asks questions.

Group Discussion
Indicator: This will be evident when the students fill in the KWL chart and share what
they know and want to know about the moon and its phases.

Hands-on Learning
Indicator: This will be evident when the students work to complete the “Phases of the
Moon with Oreo Cookies” worksheet, as they use Oreos to demonstrate the phases of the
moon.

ADAPTATIONS (Exceptionality*)
The student who is gifted will be asked to create a model of the phases of the moon using
construction paper, oak tag, scissors, crayons, and glue. Students will cut small circles from
construction paper, glue them onto a piece of oak tag, color in the circles, and label each of the
phases.

The student who is an English learner will receive a moon vocabulary and picture worksheet to
help them with difficult vocabulary.

The student who profiles with grapho-motor challenges will be provided with pencil grips during
small writing assignments.

The student who struggles to focus and attend will be re-focused and re-directed through the use
of specific non-verbal cues.

DIFFERENTIATION OF INSTRUCTION

© Molloy College, Division of Education, Rockville Centre, NY 11571


Revised 10/25/16
*edTPA academic language
Visual Learners will benefit from the images in the book Faces of the Moon by Bob Crelin
during the interactive read-aloud.

Kinesthetic Learners will benefit from the “Phases of the Moon with Oreo cookies” worksheet
because they will physically pull apart and adjust the cookies to display each of the phases.

Auditory Learners will benefit from the group discussion that will take place when the students
share what they wrote in the “know” and “wonder” section of their KWL chart and from the
interactive read-aloud.

Struggling Students will be given the “Phases of the Moon with Oreo cookies” worksheet with
each phase already shaded in, which students will use as a guide when they are creating the
phases using the Oreos.

Average Students will be given the “Phases of the Moon with Oreo cookies” worksheet with the
phases labeled but the circles are empty. Students will refer to the lesson to determine how to
create the phases using the Oreos.

Advanced Students will be given the “Phases of the Moon with Oreo cookies” worksheet without
the phases labeled and with the circles empty. Students will refer to the lesson to determine the
order in which the phases belong and how to create them using the Oreos.

ASSESSMENT (artifacts* and assessment [formal & informal]*)


Following the lesson, students will accurately answer at least 4 of the 5 questions in the
“wonder” section of the KWL chart and write it in the “learned” section. Teacher will grade the
worksheet and determine if the objective has been achieved or if more review on the moon and
its phases is necessary.

INDEPENDENT PRACTICE

Following the lesson on the moon and its phases in class, students will receive a “Phases of the
Moon Matching Activity” worksheet for independent practice. The worksheet will display each
phase of the moon on the left and the names of each phase on the right. Students will fill in the
correct name for each phase using the names provided.

FOLLOW-UP ACTIVITIES: DIRECT TEACHER INTERVENTION AND


ACADEMIC ENRICHMENT

Direct Teacher Intervention: Following the lesson, students who need direct teacher intervention
will receive a “Phases of the Moon” worksheet with empty circles, in which they will use
crayons and markers to color in each phase correctly and teacher will assist.

© Molloy College, Division of Education, Rockville Centre, NY 11571


Revised 10/25/16
*edTPA academic language
Academic Enrichment: Following the lesson, students who need academic enrichment will
receive a moon record chart, in which they will record what phase the moon is in each night for
several weeks.

© Molloy College, Division of Education, Rockville Centre, NY 11571


Revised 10/25/16
*edTPA academic language
REFERENCES
New York State Education Department. (2017). New York State Next Generation

Language Arts Learning Standards. Retrieved November 13, 2017, from

http://www.nysed.gov/common/nysed/files/nys-next-generation-ela-standards.pdf

New York State Education Department. (2017). New York State Next Generation Science

Standards. Retrieved November 13, 2017, from https://www.nextgenscience.org/dci-

arrangement/1-ess1-earths-place-universe

Oreo Cookie Moon Phases. Retrieved November 13, 2017, from https://sciencebob.com/oreo-

cookie-moon-phases/

© Molloy College, Division of Education, Rockville Centre, NY 11571


Revised 10/25/16
*edTPA academic language