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NYONE with a small piece of wood, a ‘urzer, « couple of flazhlight batteries, ‘and $1.60 can build a modulated signal gen. ferator that can be used to allga receivers test rf civeutts, and do many ethor thingt | modulated signel generator costirg 20 to 100'tamee az much ean do How this inexpensive little signal source can be made is shown in the Thotegraph And wiring diagram: ‘Oniy five parts are needed. ‘These are arranged om a pivce of 5. -thick plywood meaatiring shout 1” 6" Gannections to the dry cells. are mado by ining four brass wood screws Into the hoard ori their Reals ire im contact sits the brass cap on ono ead of the eell and ihe bottom of the ‘ane cai on the other end ‘The sereats are spnced close enough to per sit moderate pressure for geod elestmeal contact. A simple bracket holds the ells in place, Wires soldered to the slots the serews connect the cells i-series and make {he connections to the coil and buzzer. ‘The 0.25. fixed capacitor must be eon nected, a5 thown, actos the buzzer com tacts. IT this capacitor is connected across ‘the buzzer winding or across the buzzer a8 fwhola, the unit wil not operate, ‘The Miller 20-4." eoi) sm standard bart which has been siightly modified. The Crigiral coil has a primary winding eonsat~ Ing.of a few turns pf Pery fine wire wove ona short adjustable sleeve. ‘This primary The $1.60 Signal Generator By FRANK H. TOOKER Undoubtedly the simplest tunable signal generator yet devised for the novice ham and experimenter —build it and see for yourself will not be used so clip the fine wires tead- Ing to i end remove the cardboard sleeve by slipping it of tho end of the cell form ‘Wind on anew primary consisting of about 20 tums of ordinary No. 29 plastic hookup ‘wire over the hottom ond of the tuning eo find connect the ends Wo the terminals trom Which "the fine ‘wire primary Tears were clifped, Loeate the parts on the board (the ‘at all critical), meke the ‘ctione shown in the A= ‘agram—and the unit Is fnised How It Works Tris a basic principe in electricity that when a current flowing through a coll of Wire especially one having an iron. core such as the buzzer windlag—is sudteny POPULAR ELECTRONICS Interrupted, a voltage much higher than the battery voltage, sill appear momen. larity across its terminals. ‘This induced voltage is caused by the abrupt collapse of the magnetic fald around the coil Use is made of this rrineiple in tne present signal generator "A rapid suceassion of inductive voltage kicks is induced arrest the buzzer winding by the rapid making and breaking of the Winding evrrent die to the operation of the buzzer contaets..‘The current trom nese voltage igcies Hows in sharp, rapid pulses Through the primary cell, where t) exeites the tunod circuit and eatses ito oncilate Al'afrequoney: determined hy the eotting of the yaniable eapacitor—in the present setup ft any eained frequency between 540 and. 1700 ke. the standard broadesst band ‘Oscillations of the tuned circuit are aute- matically modulated by the buzzer tone, £0 Al that is necessary when touting Un the front end of an ace-de. Sct, for Instanes, Is fa turn on the signal genorstor and set its variable eapae:tor somewhere near the high ene of the band. ‘Then tune the re besver until the buzzer tone is heard corn from the speaker. Adjust the trimmers on the veasiver for loudest output, Conerally, ro direct connection between tne. reser And signal gencrator is needed. Standings the two fairly clos together it sulleient When tighter coupling 1s needed, wrap an Insulated wire two or three turns around the ead 10 one sie of the tained ees ‘sith the other end of the wice iyi near of Connected to tho receiver loop of antenna terminal "The buzzor used in the generator shown in the photograpn is TODD-eyee type gone erally used for code practice, but a1 Ord ‘ae tesa | Fetch ot shown in phe apes 1785 rary household buzzer may be substituted H necossary. 3n this caso, addtional batter les may be needed. Using a diferent buzzer docs not affect the tuned elreut 9 the 201) Ant variable espacitor need not be altered Tr the sound feor the buzzer is too loud for the strength of its tore to bo distin guished easily inthe speaker, enctosing fsther the buzzer or the entire generator in 3 cotton-padited cardboard or wooden ‘box (rot metal) will decrease the sound foming directly from the buczer without flcturbing the 22. cutput if a short antenna is connected to point (A) in the wiring dlegram, this litto egnal generator will make an ideal code practice Oscillator, since its signals can be transmit ted fom one room to another without wires ‘and ean be picked up On any broadcast set! ‘The antenna should be no longer Gian neo fexsary to profuco a good tone in tho epeaic. fer when the reeelvers volume control 1s ‘Well tured up. When using the gencrator In this manner, conneet the tolegranh Key In place of the switsh shown in the dh ‘gear. Wiring schemate of te genereten, For de