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Capitolul 1: Date Int

Tip Motor Dispunerea Cilindrilor


Nr De Cilindri
Gama/Delta D
Mas Linie 5 - 89.9
Marimi Si Indici Caracteristici A

Cursa Pistonului (S)


S=2*r r=S/2 r 36.8 (mm)
Raportul Cursă Alezaj (y) EsteS/D 0.818687
Motoare Suprapatratice Deoarece S>D

Cilindreea Unitară (Vs)


Vs=((pi*D^2)/4)*S 466946.2 (mm3) 466.9462

Cilindreea Totală (Vt)


Vt=i*Vs 2334.73 (cm3)

Volumul Camerei De Ardere (Vc)


Vc=Vs/(eps-1) 54.93 (cm3)

Volumul Cilindrului (Va)


Va=Vs+Vc 521.88 (cm3)

Raportul De Comprimare (e)


eps=Va/Vc 9.5

Viteza Unghiulară A Arborelui Cotit (w)


n 4820 (rot/min)

 n
  504.75 (rad/s)
30
 n
 
30

  6n 28920 (grd/s)

Viteza Medie A PistonuluiWp (m/s)


Wp=S*n/30 11.83 (m/s)
Numărul De Cicluri Nc

Timpul Motor (Tau) 4

n
Nc  40.17 (cicl/s)
30  

2n
Nc  2410 (cicl/min)

n
Nc  120  144600 (cicl/h)

Timpul Pe Ciclu (tc)

1 2.49E-02
tc  4.15E-04
Nc 6.92E-06

Raportul Dintre Raza Manivelei Si Lungimea Bielei (L)

r S r - Raza Manivelei
   l - Lungimea Bielei
l 2l
r S
  
l 2l
lamda=1/3,6 0.277777778
l=S/2*lamda 132 (mm)
itolul 1: Date Intrare

S Eps nM nP Sistem De Racire


Arbore Cu Came
Supraalimentare
73.6 9.5 3020 6900 Lichid 2 Aspirat
Indici Caracteristici Ai Motorului

(cm3)
(s/cicl)
(min/cicl)
(h/cicl)

ielei (L)

- Raza Manivelei
Lungimea Bielei
alimentare
Capitolul 2: Valori

pres=ps 0.25 (Mpa) dra


T0 298 (K) Daa
r0 0.1 (Mpa) pgk
fp 1 pa
Rc=Ra 287 (K) Ts
l 1.27 Ta
Gamin 15 (kg) Wga
q 1.12 Wsa
ka 1.4 c
fpu 0.15 h
za 4 o
d0a 30 (mm) Gamin
baDSA 30 (Rac) Gar
biISA 70 (Rac) pma
afp 325 (m/s) pmc
msa 0.5 Rfp
Slsa 0.001 (m2/l) Cofp
i
pga 0.1992 (Mpa) Cfp
Tge 1000 (K) Ca
m 1.28 Ch
gr 0.03 pc
Ussa 1500 (cm2Rac) Cc_l
wp 18.8 (m/s) mofp
np 4820 (rot/min) mfp
epsilon 19.8 macc
D 116.1 (mm) mccc
Tev 1200 (K) mfp
p0fp 1.185 (kg/m^3) mgr
D Trac 50 (K) mgaze
Vs 1235.88 (cm3)

hv Stanga: Numarator
Stanga: Numitor
Dreapta: Prima Paranteza
0.72459 4.67608486 0.19920 27.32
0.72458 4.67602222 0.19920 27.32
0.72457 4.67595958 0.19921 27.32
Capitolul 2: Valori

0.258 (mm)
280
0.137 (Mpa)
0.1712 (Mpa)
314 (K)
384 (K)
131 (m/s)
345.307 (m/s)
0.857 (kg C/kg comb)
0.133 (kg H 2/kg comb)
0.01 (kg O 2/kg comb)
14.52 (kg aer/kg comb)
18.4389 (kg aer/kg comb)
1
0
287 (J/kgK)
3134.279 (kg/h)
6
2271 (kg/h)
2271 (kg aer/h)
123.17 (kg comb/h)
0.84 (kg/l)
146.63 (l comb/h)
3.613 (g/ciclu*cil)
2.62 (g/ciclu*cil)
0.654 (g aer/ciclu*cil)
0.213 (g comb/ciclu*cil)
0.867 (g fluid proaspat/ciclu*cil)
0.026 (g gaze reziduale/ciclu*cil)
0.893 (g gaze/ciclu*cil)

Dreapta: A Doua Paranteza


Dreapta: Exponent
Membru Stang
Membru Drept
0.9576 3.5 23.474055 23.474193
0.9576 3.5 23.473575 23.474293
0.9576 3.5 23.473096 23.474394
Membru Stang - Membru Drept
-0.0001378186
-0.0007179649
-0.0012981011
Capitolul 3: Pre

Valori
mc 1.31...1.37 1.36 (-) tc 90
βi 20...35 30 (Rac) tc 0.00217 s 2.174
ai=360-biCalculata 330 (Rac) ac 90
αd 350...352 350 (Rac) xpc 41.91 (mm)
aiar=ad-biCalculata 20 (Rac) Vc 321 (cmc)
pa Calculata 0.1700 (Mpa)
Ta Calculata 384 (K)
βisa 30…60 60 (Rac)
aisa calculat 240 (Rac)
S Calculat 73.6 (mm)
r Calculata 36.8 (mm)
Λ Adoptat 0.27778 (-)
Vc Calculat 54.93 (cmc)
Va Calculat 522 (cmc)
D Calculat 89.9 (mm)

Calculul Politropiei De Comprimare Prin Puncte


α Xp Vx px Tx
(Rac) (mm) (cmc) (Mpa) (K)
180 73.60 522 0.171 384
195 72.69 516 0.172 385
210 69.95 499 0.181 390
225 65.38 470 0.196 399
240 59.03 430 0.221 412 á
255 51.09 379 0.262 431
270 41.91 321 0.329 457
285 32.04 258 0.442 495
300 22.23 196 0.644 546
315 13.33 140 1.022 617
330 6.21 94 1.741 711 c'
345 1.60 65 2.885 813
350 0.71 59 3.261 839 d
360 0.00 55 3.632 864 c"

α (Rad)
Presiunea In Functie De Volu
3.14
4.000
3.40
3.500
3.67
p (MPa)

3.93 3.000
4.19
2.500
4.45
4.71 2.000

4.97 1.500
5.24
1.000
5.50
5.76 0.500
6.02 0.000
6.11 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00
6.28 V (cm3)
apitolul 3: Presiune In Functie De Volum Si Alfa

(ms)
Column E
unctie De Volum Presiunea In Fun
4.000

3.500
p (MPa)

3.000

2.500

2.000

1.500

1.000

0.500

0.000
150 200 250 30
0 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00
Alfa (Rac)
Presiunea In Functie De Alfa

250 300 350 400

Alfa (Rac)
Capitolul 4: Procesul De Ardere

Compoziţia Combustibilului
Combustibil c h
(kg C/kg (kg. H2/kg comb)
comb)
Motorină 0.857 0.133

Parametrul Simbol Um
Unghiul De Avans La
(°Rac)
Declanşarea Scânteii s

Unghiul De Inceput De 
(°Rac)
Ardere d
Viteza Medie De Creştere
p MPa/°Rac
A Presiunii
Coeficientul De Utilizare
 -
A Căldurii u
Unghiul De Sfârşit Al  (°Rac)
Arderii w
Unghiul De Sfârşit Al  (°Rac)
Arderii Rapide y

O2min 0.104 (kmol O2/kg comb)


Gamin 0.454 (kg aer/kg comb)
O*2min 3.339 (kmol O2/kg comb)
Ma 28.970 (kg/kmol)
Ga*min 14.396 (kmol aer/kg comb)
l 1.270
(Adoptat In Capitolul Admisiei l=1)
Gar 0.576 (kg aer/kg comb)
Ga*r 18.283 (kmol aer/kg comb)
nc 0.004 (kmol comb/kg comb)
nfp 0.581
(kmol fluid prospat/kg comb)
gr 0.030
(Adoptat In Capitolul Admisiei gr=1)
nai 0.598
(kmol amestec initial/kg comb)
mc 1.0016
nga 0.599 (kmoli gaze arse/kg comb)
mt 1.002
Qin 41850 (kJ/kg)
Qiam 2170 (kJ/kg)
Qu 37665 (kJ/kg)
ac' 330 (°Rac)
Dad 20 (°Rac)
r 36.800 (mm)
L 0.278
xp 2.817 (mm)
n 6900 (rot/min)
td 0.0004831 (s)
αy 366 (°Rac)
Vc 54.935 (cm3)
D 89.9 (mm)
np 0.3087 (Mpa/grd Rac)
cv 1.1 (kJ/kg·K)
Ca 2271 (kg aer/h)
Ch 123.17 (kg comb/h)
mdc 2.528
mcy -8.7334
Da 12.00 (°Rac)
az 378 (°Rac)
cp 1.387 (kJ/kg·K)

Component In Gazele De Formula De Calcul


Evacuare
λ≥1
CO2 11c/3
CO -
H2O 9h
O2 0,23(l-1)Gamin
N2 0,77l Gamin
S -

Mga 31.467 (kg gaze arse/kmol gaz)


RM 8314 (J/kmol*K)
Rga 264.215 (J/kg*K)
bga 4.11E-03 (kJ/ kmol*K2)
Procesul De Ardere
Putere
mbustibilului Masa
Calorică
Moleculară
o Inferioară
(M
(kg )
(kg O2/kg (Qinf) c
(kJ/kg) comb./kmol
comb) )
0.01 41850 224

Domeniul Valoarea
De Valori Adoptată
20…35 30
345…360 350
0,2…0,6 0.4
0,86…0,9 0.9
390…400 390
365…370 370

ul Admisiei l=1)

g comb)
at/kg comb)
Admisiei gr=1)
tial/kg comb)
e/kg comb)

xp (mm) V (cmc) p (Mpa) T (K)


Punctul d 0.71 71.49 3.2612 839
Punctul c 41.91 54.935 6.3480 1329
Punctul y 0.2574 56.569 8.200 1622
Punctul z 2.2892 69.466 8.2000 10208
Punctul w 6.2080 94.341 6.0379 10208

Masa Gi
Valoric Gi Molecu Lară  i  bi ni·bi
Mi
(Mi)
 kg gaz   
 kmol gaz   kmol gaz  
kJ

 kJ 
     
 
 
 kg comb
 
  kmol   kg comb 
 

 kmol K

2 

  kg K

2 

3.142 44 0.0714 ### ###


0.000 28 0.0000 ### ###
1.197 18 0.0665 ### ###
0.028 32 0.0009 ### ###
0.444 28 0.0158 ### ###
4.368 122 0.1388 ### ###

e arse/kmol gaz)
/kmol*K)
(J/kg*K)
/ kmol*K2)
Capitolul 6: Destindere

r 36.8 (mm)
Vk 54.93 (cm3)
D 89.9 (mm) Alfa (Rac)xp (mm)
aw 390 (°Rac) w 390 6.2080
Vw 94.341 (cm3) 405 13.3340
Tw 10208 (K) 420 22.2333
Pw 6.04 (Mpa) 435 32.0442
L 0.277778 450 41.9111
465 51.0933
u' 480 59.0333
md 1.32 495 65.3771
a DSE 50 (°Rac) 510 69.9475
a u' 490 (°Rac) 525 72.6884
Vu' 457.715 (cm3) u* 540 73.6000
Xpu' 63.454 (mm)
Pu' 0.751 (Mpa)
Tu' 6158 (K)
au 540 (°Rac)
Xu 73.6 (mm)
Vu 522.12 (cm3)
Pu 0.6310 (Mpa)
Tu 5904 (K)
Pu* 0.401 (Mpa)
Tu* 1416 (K)
Dαtu` 100 (°Rac)
ttu` 2.415 (ms)
dere

V (cm3) p (Mpa) T (K)


94.34 6.0379 10208
139.57 3.6004 9006
196.06 2.2989 8078
258.34 1.5973 7395
320.97 1.1994 6899
379.25 0.9623 6540
429.65 0.8162 6284
469.92 0.7251 6107
498.93 0.2815 5991
516.33 0.2725 5926
522.12 0.4011 1416
Capitolul 6: Presiun

a (Rac) xp (mm)Vx (cm3)px (Mpa) Li (Nm) 9 Diag


0 0.00 54.93 0.1371 8
15 1.60 65.07 0.1712 1.56 7
30 6.21 94.34 0.1712 5.01
6
45 13.33 139.57 0.1712 7.74

p (MPa)
5
60 22.23 196.06 0.1712 9.67
4
75 32.04 258.34 0.1712 10.66
3
90 41.91 320.97 0.1712 10.72
105 51.09 379.25 0.1712 9.98 2

120 59.03 429.65 0.1712 8.63 1


135 65.38 469.92 0.1712 6.89 0
0 90 1
150 69.95 498.93 0.1712 4.97
165 72.69 516.33 0.1712 2.98
180 73.60 522.12 0.1712 0.99 Calculul Indicilor Indicati
195 72.69 516.33 0.1725 -0.99 dd 1.3014
210 69.95 498.93 0.1807 -3.07 dy 1.0297
225 65.38 469.92 0.1961 -5.47 dz 1.2645
240 59.03 429.65 0.2215 -8.41 dw 1.7173
255 51.09 379.25 0.2624 -12.19 hd 0.98
270 41.91 320.97 0.3293 -17.24 P 2.5144
285 32.04 258.34 0.4424 -24.16 A 0.301
300 22.23 196.06 0.6437 -33.82 B 0.066
315 13.33 139.57 1.0219 -47.04 C 0.590
330 6.21 94.34 1.7408 -62.48 D 0.973
345 1.60 65.07 2.8852 -67.71 E 4.188
360 0.00 54.93 3.2612 -31.14 F 1.848
363 0.06 55.34 6.3480 1.97 G 0.422
366 0.26 56.57 8.2000 8.91 pi 1.0455
378 2.29 69.47 8.2000 105.75 hi 0.454
390 6.21 94.34 6.0379 177.09 ci 189.31
405 13.33 139.57 3.6004 217.98 Pi 140
420 22.23 196.06 2.2989 166.62 Pi 191
435 32.04 258.34 1.5973 121.32 Mi 278
450 41.91 320.97 1.1994 87.58
465 51.09 379.25 0.9623 63.00 Calcul Indicilor Efectivi
480 59.03 429.65 0.8162 44.82 hm 0.72
495 65.38 469.92 0.7251 31.03 pe 0.7528
510 69.95 498.93 0.2815 14.60 he 0.327
525 72.69 516.33 0.2725 4.82 ce 263
540 73.60 522.12 0.4011 1.95 Pe 101
555 72.69 516.33 0.1712 -1.66 Pe 137
570 69.95 498.93 0.1712 -2.98 Me 200
585 65.38 469.92 0.1712 -4.97 PL 43.3
600 59.03 429.65 0.1712 -6.89 ML 428.8
615 51.09 379.25 0.1712 -8.63 PA 31.8
630 41.91 320.97 0.1712 -9.98
645 32.04 258.34 0.1712 -10.72
660 22.23 196.06 0.1712 -10.66
675 13.33 139.57 0.1712 -9.67
690 6.21 94.34 0.1712 -7.74
705 1.60 65.07 0.1712 -5.01
720 0.00 54.93 0.1712 -1.73
732.87

Model Mac i S (mm) D (mm) e


Opel Vectra 2,2 Mac 4 84 96 18.5
Opel Corsa 1,7 Mac 4 79 86 18.5
Opel Omega 2,0 Mac 4 84 90 18.5
Skoda Octavia 1,9Mac 4 79.5 95.5 19
Skoda Fabia 1,4 Mac 3 79.5 95.5 19.5
Soka Roomster Mac 3 79.5 95.5 19.5
Seat Altea Mac 4 79.5 95.5 19
Solutia Mea Mac 5 73.6 89.9 9.5

Puterea Litrica
50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

Puterea Raportata La Aria


35

30

25

20

15

10

0
10

0
apitolul 6: Presiunii

9 Diagrama Presiunii In Functie De Alfa


8
7
6
p (MPa)

5
4
3
2
1
0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720

Alfa (Rac)

ndicilor Indicati
Diagrama Presiunii In Fuctie De Volum
9
8
p (Mpa)

7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
V (cmc)
Mpa 1.56949

(g/kWh)
(kW)
(Cp)
(Nm)

ndicilor Efectivi

(Mpa)

(g/kWh)
(Kw)
(Cp)
(Nm)
(kW/l)
(Nm/l)
(kW/dm2)

Np (rpm) Pe (kw) nM (rpm)Me (Nm)Vs (cmc)PL (kW/l)ML (Nm/l)


PA (kW/dm^2)
4000 92 1500 280 608.01 37.83 115.13 31.78
4400 55 1800 165 458.90 29.96 89.89 23.67
4300 74 1700 205 534.38 34.62 95.90 29.08
4000 78 1900 250 569.46 34.24 109.75 27.22
4000 51 2200 155 569.46 29.85 90.73 23.73
4000 60 2200 195 569.46 35.12 114.14 27.92
4000 77 1900 250 569.46 33.80 109.75 26.87
6900 101.06 3020 200.21 466.95 43.28 428.76 31.84

Momentul Litric
500

450

400

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

a Raportata La Aria Pistonului


W/dm^2)
Capitolul 7: Carasteristici E

Pmax 101 (Kw) n (rot/min) n/nP α (n/nP)


Mmax 200 (Nm) 1500 0.22 0.24
np 6900 (rot/min) 1650 0.24 0.27
nm 3020 (rot/min) 1800 0.26 0.29
Ce 0.438 1950 0.28 0.31
Ca 1.281 2100 0.30 0.34
a 1.11 2250 0.33 0.36
b 0.78 2400 0.35 0.39
g -0.89 2550 0.37 0.41
Cep 320 (g/kWh) 2700 0.39 0.43
a+b+g 1.00 2770 0.40 0.45
2850 0.41 0.46
3000 0.43 0.48
3150 0.46 0.51
3300 0.48 0.53
3450 0.50 0.56
3600 0.52 0.58
3750 0.54 0.60
3900 0.57 0.63
4050 0.59 0.65
4200 0.61 0.68
4350 0.63 0.70
4500 0.65 0.72
4650 0.67 0.75
4800 0.70 0.77
4820 0.70 0.78

Pe (kW)
Caracteristica Exterioara
M (Nm)
100 180

90
178
(Nm)
(kW)

80

70 176
Pe (kW)
Caracteristica Exterioara
M (Nm)
100 180

90
178

Me (Nm)
Pe (kW)
80

70 176

60
174
50
172
40

30 170
20
168
10

0 166
1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000
N (rot/min)
7: Carasteristici Exterioare

b (n/nP)^2
g (n/nP)^3 A Pe (kW) M (Nm) B Ce (g/kWh)
Ch (kg/h)
0.04 -0.01 0.27 27.20 173.2 1.0204 327 8.88
0.04 -0.01 0.30 30.11 174.3 1.0066 322 9.70
0.05 -0.02 0.33 33.04 175.3 0.9936 318 10.51
0.06 -0.02 0.36 35.98 176.2 0.9813 314 11.30
0.07 -0.03 0.39 38.92 177.0 0.9698 310 12.08
0.08 -0.03 0.41 41.85 177.6 0.9590 307 12.84
0.09 -0.04 0.44 44.78 178.2 0.9490 304 13.60
0.11 -0.04 0.47 47.69 178.6 0.9397 301 14.34
0.12 -0.05 0.50 50.59 178.9 0.9312 298 15.07
0.13 -0.06 0.51 51.93 179.0 0.9275 297 15.41
0.13 -0.06 0.53 53.45 179.1 0.9234 296 15.80
0.15 -0.07 0.56 56.29 179.2 0.9164 293 16.51
0.16 -0.08 0.58 59.09 179.1 0.9102 291 17.21
0.18 -0.10 0.61 61.85 179.0 0.9047 290 17.91
0.19 -0.11 0.64 64.56 178.7 0.9000 288 18.59
0.21 -0.13 0.67 67.22 178.3 0.8960 287 19.27
0.23 -0.14 0.69 69.82 177.8 0.8928 286 19.95
0.25 -0.16 0.72 72.35 177.2 0.8904 285 20.61
0.27 -0.18 0.74 74.82 176.4 0.8887 284 21.28
0.29 -0.20 0.76 77.21 175.6 0.8877 284 21.93
0.31 -0.22 0.79 79.52 174.6 0.8875 284 22.58
0.33 -0.25 0.81 81.74 173.5 0.8881 284 23.23
0.35 -0.27 0.83 83.87 172.3 0.8894 285 23.87
0.38 -0.30 0.85 85.90 170.9 0.8915 285 24.51
0.38 -0.30 0.85 86.17 170.7 0.8918 285 24.59

Ch (kg/h)
Caracteristica Exterioara
Ce (g/kWh)
30 330
(g/kWh)

320
25
kg/h)

310
Ch (kg/h)
Caracteristica Exterioara
Ce (g/kWh)
30 330

Ce (g/kWh)
320
25
Ch (kg/h)
310
20
300
15
290
10
280

5 270

0 260
1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000
n (rot/min)
Ch (kg/h)
Capitolul 8: Dinamica

a xp1 xp2 xp wp1 wp2


np 6900 (rot/min) (Rac) (mm) (mm) (mm) (m/s) (m/s)
Alezaj 89.9 (mm) 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cursa 73.6 (mm) 15 1.25 0.34 1.60 6.88 1.85
e 9.5 30 4.93 1.28 6.21 13.30 3.20
r 36.8 (mm) 45 10.78 2.56 13.33 18.80 3.69
l 132 (mm) 60 18.40 3.83 22.23 23.03 3.20
L 0.278 75 27.28 4.77 32.04 25.68 1.85
w 722.57 (rad/s) 90 36.80 5.11 41.91 26.59 0.00
105 46.32 4.77 51.09 25.68 -1.85
120 55.20 3.83 59.03 23.03 -3.20
135 62.82 2.56 65.38 18.80 -3.69
150 68.67 1.28 69.95 13.30 -3.20
165 72.35 0.34 72.69 6.88 -1.85
180 73.60 0.00 73.60 0.00 0.00
195 72.35 0.34 72.69 -6.88 1.85
210 68.67 1.28 69.95 -13.30 3.20
225 62.82 2.56 65.38 -18.80 3.69
240 55.20 3.83 59.03 -23.03 3.20
255 46.32 4.77 51.09 -25.68 1.85
270 36.80 5.11 41.91 -26.59 0.00
285 27.28 4.77 32.04 -25.68 -1.85
300 18.40 3.83 22.23 -23.03 -3.20
315 10.78 2.56 13.33 -18.80 -3.69
330 4.93 1.28 6.21 -13.30 -3.20
345 1.25 0.34 1.60 -6.88 -1.85
360 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
O m ega Biela (rad/sec)

Spatiul Unghiular Al Bielei


Beta Biela (rad)

20.00

250
15.00
200
10.00
150

5.00 100

50
0.00
15.00

O m ega B
Beta Bi
200
10.00
150

5.00 100

50
0.00
0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 360 0
-5.00 0 30 6
-50

-10.00 -100

-150
-15.00
-200
-20.00
-250
Alfa (Rac)

E ps B ie la (ra d/s e c^ 2)
Ap1,Ap2,ap (m/s^^)

Acceleratia Pistonului
30000

20000 200000

150000
10000
ap 100000
1
50000
0 ap
0 45 90 135 180 225 270 315 360 2 0
ap
-10000 -50000

-100000
-20000
-150000

-30000 -200000
Alfa (Rac)
1,wp2,wp (m/s)

1,Xp2,Xp (mm)

Viteza Pistonului
40 80

30 70

20 60
wp1,wp2,wp (m/s)

Xp1,Xp2,Xp (mm)
Viteza Pistonului
40 80

30 70

20 60

w 50
10
p
1
0 40
w
0 p
60 1 2 0
1 8 0
2 4 0
30 0
3 6 0
2 30
-10

20
-20

10
-30
0
-40
Alfa (Rac)
8: Dinamica Biela Piston

wp ap1 ap2 ap beta omega b eps b


(m/s) (m/s^2)(m/s^2)(m/s^2) (grd) (rad/sec)
(rad/s^2)
0.00 19213 5337 24550 0.00 200.7 0
8.73 18559 4622 23181 4.12 194.4 -34910
16.49 16639 2669 19308 7.98 175.5 -68903
22.50 13586 0 13586 11.33 144.7 ###
26.23 9607 -2669 6938 13.92 103.4 ###
27.53 4973 -4622 351 15.56 53.9 ###
26.59 0 -5337 -5337 16.13 0.0 ###
23.84 -4973 -4622 -9595 15.56 -53.9 ###
19.83 -9607 -2669 -12275 13.92 -103.4 ###
15.11 -13586 0 -13586 11.33 -144.7 ###
10.10 -16639 2669 -13971 7.98 -175.5 -68903
5.04 -18559 4622 -13937 4.12 -194.4 -34910
0.00 -19213 5337 -13876 0.00 -200.7 0
-5.04 -18559 4622 -13937 -4.12 -194.4 34910
-10.10 -16639 2669 -13971 -7.98 -175.5 68903
-15.11 -13586 0 -13586 -11.33 -144.7 100391
-19.83 -9607 -2669 -12275 -13.92 -103.4 126749
-23.84 -4973 -4622 -9595 -15.56 -53.9 144609
-26.59 0 -5337 -5337 -16.13 0.0 150970
-27.53 4973 -4622 351 -15.56 53.9 144609
-26.23 9607 -2669 6938 -13.92 103.4 126749
-22.50 13586 0 13586 -11.33 144.7 100391
-16.49 16639 2669 19308 -7.98 175.5 68903
-8.73 18559 4622 23181 -4.12 194.4 34910
0.00 19213 5337 24550 0.00 200.7 0
O m ega Biela (rad/sec)

Viteza Unghiulara A Bielei


250

200

150

100

50
O m ega B 200

150

100

50

0
0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 360
-50

-100

-150

-200

-250
Alfa (Rac)
E ps B ie la (ra d/s e c^ 2)

Acceleratia Bielei
200000

150000

100000

50000

-50000

-100000

-150000

-200000
Alfa (Rac)
1,Xp2,Xp (mm)

Deplasarea Pistonului
80

70

60
Xp1,Xp2,Xp (mm) Deplasarea Pistonului
80

70

60

50
x
p
40 1
x
30 p
2
20

10

Alfa (Rac)
Capitolul 9: Dina

n 6900 (rpm) D 89.9 (mm) lboltz


r 36.8 (mm) ρ_p 1.2 (kg/m^3) dib
Λ 0.2778 ρ_ol 7.6 (kg/dm^3)
mB/(pi()D^2/4)
ω 504.75 (rad/s) deb 0.35 (*D) lB

mp=ρ_p*D^3= 0.872 (kg)


mb=Vb*ρ_ol=π(deb^2-dib^2)/4*ρ_ol*lb
0.227 (kg)

Se Adopta: deb 31.465 (mm) dib 20.4523 (mm)


ρ_ol 7.6 (kg/dm^3)
mB=m1+m2
m1*l1=m2*l2
m1=mB*l2/lb l2 36.432 (mm)
m2=mB*l1/lb l1 96.048 (mm)

Se Adopta mB/(pi()D^2/4)(10^-3) 25 (g/cm^2) Mb 1.587


m1=0.275mB 0.436 (kg)
m2=0.725mB 1.151 (kg)
mj=mgp+m1 1.635 (kg)
mgp=mp+mb+mseg 1.199 (kg)
Se Adopta mseg 100 (g) 60...150g
FRb 10786.6456
Pcart 0.1 (Mpa)

α Pcil (Mpa) Fp (N) Fj (N) F (N) N (N) B (N)


0 0.1371 236 -19591 -19355 0 -19355
15 0.1712 452 -18498 -18046 -1310 -18000
30 0.1712 452 -15407 -14956 -2153 -14811
45 0.1712 452 -10841 -10390 -2199 -10187
60 0.1712 452 -5537 -5085 -1375 -4936
75 0.1712 452 -280 172 54 165
90 0.1712 452 4259 4711 1540 4525
105 0.1712 452 7657 8108 2528 7811
120 0.1712 452 9796 10247 2771 9946
135 0.1712 452 10841 11293 2390 11073
150 0.1712 452 11149 11600 1670 11488
165 0.1712 452 11121 11573 840 11543
180 0.1712 452 11073 11525 0 11525
195 0.1725 460 11121 11582 -840 11552
210 0.1807 512 11149 11661 -1679 11548
225 0.1961 610 10841 11451 -2424 11228
240 0.2215 771 9796 10567 -2857 10256
255 0.2624 1031 7657 8688 -2708 8369
270 0.3293 1455 4259 5714 -1868 5489
285 0.4424 2173 -280 1893 -590 1824
300 0.6437 3451 -5537 -2085 564 -2024
315 1.0219 5852 -10841 -4990 1056 -4892
330 1.7408 10415 -15407 -4992 719 -4944
345 2.8852 17679 -18498 -819 59 -817
360 3.2612 20066 -19591 475 0 475
375 8.2000 51416 -18498 32917 2389 32832
390 6.0379 37691 -15407 22284 3208 22068
405 3.6004 22219 -10841 11377 2408 11156
420 2.2989 13958 -5537 8421 2277 8174
435 1.5973 9505 -280 9225 2876 8886
450 1.1994 6978 4259 11237 3673 10795
465 0.9623 5473 7657 13130 4093 12649
480 0.8162 4546 9796 14341 3877 13920
495 0.7251 3968 10841 14810 3135 14521
510 0.2815 1152 11149 12301 1771 12181
525 0.2725 1095 11121 12216 887 12185
540 0.4011 1911 11073 12984 0 12984
555 0.1371 236 11121 11357 -824 11328
570 0.1371 236 11149 11384 -1639 11274
585 0.1371 236 10841 11077 -2345 10861
600 0.1371 236 9796 10031 -2712 9737
615 0.1371 236 7657 7892 -2460 7603
630 0.1371 236 4259 4495 -1469 4318
645 0.1371 236 -280 -44 14 -43
660 0.1371 236 -5537 -5301 1433 -5145
675 0.1371 236 -10841 -10606 2245 -10399
690 0.1371 236 -15407 -15172 2184 -15025
705 0.1371 236 -18498 -18262 1325 -18215
720 0.1371 236 -19591 -19355 0 -19355

Mmed 200.00
Pi 140 (kW) 190.4 (Cp)

Fortele De Presiune A Gazelor (Fp), De Inertie (Fj) Si Rezultanta L


F, Fp, F (N)
60000

50000

40000

30000

20000

10000

-10000

-20000

-30000
α (Rac)

Diagrama Polara Desfasurata A Fusului Man


35000
Diagrama Polara Desfasurata A Fusului Man
35000

30000

25000
Rfm

20000

15000

10000

5000

0
α (Rac) 0 45 90 135 180 225 270 315 360 405 450 495 540 585 630 675

Diagrama Polara A Fusului Maneton


40000

30000

20000
Rfmy

10000

0
-24000 -12000 0 12000 24
-10000

-20000

-30000

Rfmx
apitolul 9: Dinamica Mecanismului Motor

0.74 (*D)
0.65 (*deb)
25
132 (mm)

(kg)

(N)

Z (N) T (N) M (N) α Rfmx Rfmy Rfm M 1 (N)


-19355 0 0 0 0 30142 30142 0
-16808 -6998 -258 15 -6998 27595 28468 -258
-11006 -10848 -399 30 -10848 21793 24344 -399
-4608 -10086 -371 45 -10086 15394 18404 -371
-504 -5581 -205 60 -5581 11290 12594 -205
-42 189 7 75 189 10829 10830 7
-2556 4711 173 90 4711 13343 14150 173
-6187 6737 248 105 6737 16973 18261 248
-9232 6502 239 120 6502 20019 21048 239
-10963 5008 184 135 5008 21749 22318 184
-11555 3186 117 150 3186 22342 22568 117
-11579 1503 55 165 1503 22365 22416 55
-11525 0 0 180 0 22312 22312 0
-11587 -1504 -55 195 -1504 22374 22424 -55
-11616 -3203 -118 210 -3203 22402 22630 -118
-11116 -5079 -187 225 -5079 21903 22484 -187
-9520 -6705 -247 240 -6705 20307 21385 -247
-6629 -7218 -266 255 -7218 17415 18852 -266
-3101 -5714 -210 270 -5714 13887 15017 -210
-465 -2084 -77 285 -2084 11251 11443 -77
-207 2289 84 300 2289 10993 11229 84
-2213 4843 178 315 4843 12999 13872 178
-3674 3621 133 330 3621 14461 14907 133
-763 318 12 345 318 11549 11554 12
475 0 0 360 0 10312 10312 0
30659 12764 470 375 12764 -19872 23618 470
16399 16163 595 390 16163 -5612 17110 595
5046 11044 406 405 11044 5741 12447 406
834 9243 340 420 9243 9953 13582 340
-2263 10157 374 435 10157 13050 16537 374
-6097 11237 414 450 11237 16884 20282 414
-10018 10909 401 465 10909 20805 23491 401
-12921 9100 335 480 9100 23708 25394 335
-14376 6568 242 495 6568 25163 26006 242
-12253 3378 124 510 3378 23040 23286 124
-12222 1587 58 525 1587 23009 23063 58
-12984 0 0 540 0 23771 23771 0
-11363 -1475 -54 555 -1475 22149 22198 -54
-11340 -3127 -115 570 -3127 22127 22347 -115
-10753 -4913 -181 585 -4913 21540 22093 -181
-9038 -6365 -234 600 -6365 19824 20821 -234
-6022 -6557 -241 615 -6557 16809 18042 -241
-2439 -4495 -165 630 -4495 13225 13968 -165
11 49 2 645 49 10776 10776 2
-525 5818 214 660 5818 11312 12720 214
-4704 10295 379 675 10295 15490 18599 379
-11165 11005 405 690 11005 21952 24556 405
-17009 7081 261 705 7081 27796 28684 261
-19355 0 0 720 0 30142 30142 0

e (Fj) Si Rezultanta Lor (F) Fortele N, B = f (α)


N, B (N)
40000
35000
30000
25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
-5000
-10000
-15000
-20000
-25000
α (Rac)

ta A Fusului Maneton Fortele Z, T = f(α)


Z, T (N)
35000
ta A Fusului Maneton Fortele Z, T = f(α)
Z, T (N)
35000

28000

21000

14000

7000

0
0

45

90

5
5

0
13

18

22

27

31

36

40

45

49

54
-7000

-14000

-21000

5 540 585 630 675 720 -28000

neton
Momentul Motor Al Motorului Policilindr
1200

1000

800

600
Ms (N)

400

200
2000 24000
0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
-200

-400

-600

Alfa (grd Rac)


M 2 (N) M 3 (N) M 4 (N) Ms
0 0 0 0.00
-55 470 -54 102.57
-118 595 -115 -37.32
-187 406 -181 -332.39
-247 340 -234 -346.23
-266 374 -241 -126.20
-210 414 -165 211.20
-77 401 2 574.43
84 335 214 872.49
178 242 379 983.11
133 124 405 779.80
12 58 261 385.98
0 0 0 0.00
470 -54 0 360.08
595 -115 -258 104.38
406 -181 -399 -360.45
340 -234 -371 -512.00
374 -241 -205 -338.53
414 -165 7 44.81
401 2 173 499.88
335 214 248 881.11
242 379 239 1038.08
124 405 184 846.87
58 261 117 447.92
0 0 55 55.31
-54 0 0 415.43
-115 -258 -55 166.88
-181 -399 -118 -291.42
-234 -371 -187 -452.15
-241 -205 -247 -319.65
-165 7 -266 -10.53
2 173 -210 366.30
214 248 -77 720.18
379 239 84 944.07
405 184 178 891.85
261 117 133 569.49
0 55 12 67.00
0 0 0 -54.28
-258 -55 470 41.79
-399 -118 595 -103.04
-371 -187 406 -385.85
-205 -247 340 -353.29
7 -266 374 -50.30
173 -210 414 378.39
248 -77 401 786.74
239 84 335 1037.26
184 178 242 1009.23
117 133 124 635.42
55 12 58 125.39

e N, B = f (α)
B (N)

α[RAC]

e Z, T = f(α)
(N)
e Z, T = f(α)
(N)
0

0
5

5
36

40

45

49

54

58

63

67

72

α (Rac)

otorului Policilindric

400 500 600 700 800

(grd Rac)