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1.

From the ILT, we have:

 35 9420657
25 p 10    0.97064
10 9705588
 60 8188074
25 p 35    0.86916
 35 9420657

The expected number of survivors from the sons is 1941.285 with variance 56.991.

The expected number of survivors from fathers is 1738.323 with variance 227.4393.

The standard deviation of the total expected number of survivors is therefore

(56.991  227.4393)  (284.43)  16.865

Both np>10 and nq>0, so that normal approximation to the binomial is appropriate.

2. The number of left-handed members after each year k is:

Lk  Lk 1  0.75  35  0.75
 75  0.75k  35   0.75  0.752  ...0.75k 1 

Similarly, the number of right-handed members after each year k is:

Rk  Rk 1  0.50  15  0.50
 25  0.50 k  15   0.50  0.502  ...0.50k 1 

At the end of year 5, the number of left-handed members is expected to be 89.5752, and
the number of right-handed members is expected to be 14.0625.

The proportion of left-handed members at the end of year 5 is therefore

89.5752
 0.8643
89.5752  14.0625
3. The probability that Johnny will not have any accidents in the next year is:

0   s 
1
01
   s02 ds
p 00
1 e , where

t01  t02  3.718t01  3.718  0.03  0.06  2t 

So that
 0.06   0.4333764
 3.718  0.03  0.06  e dt  3.718  0.03  3.718
1 t  ln 2 
0 ln  2 
and
p 001  e 0.4333764  0.6483164
The probability Johnny will have at least one accident is therefore

1  0.6483164  0.3516836 .

4. Z 3  2 Z 1  Z 2 so that Var  Z 3   4Var  Z1   Var  Z 2   4Cov  Z 1 , Z 2 

where Cov  Z 1 , Z 2   E  Z 1 Z 2   E  Z 1  E  Z 2   (1.65)(10.75)

0
Var  Z 3   4(46.75)  50.78  4(1.65)(10.75)
 166.83

5. a50:60:20  a50:60  v 20 20 p50:60 a70:80

 a50:60  v 20 20 p50 20 p60 a70:80

  a50:60  1  20 E50 80  a70:80  1
 60
 3914365 
 9.1944  0.23047    4.0014 
 8188074 
 8.7535
6. APV  30, 000 A50:50  70, 000 A50:50
 30,000 A50:50  70,000  A50  A50  A50:50 
 70,000  2  A50  40,000 A50:50
 140,000  0.24905  40,000  0.34049 
 21, 247.40

Ga35  100,000 A35  0.4G  150  0.1Ga35  50a35

1770a35  100,000 1  da35   0.4(1770)  150  0.1(1770)a35  50a35
  0.035  
1770a35  100,000  708  150  a35 177  50  100,000  
  1.035  

Solving for a35 , we have

100,858 100,858
a    20.48
1770  3154.64 4924.64

L0  100v K 1  0.05G  0.05G aK 1  G aK 1

K 1  1  v K 1 
 100v  0.05G  0.95G  
 d 
 0.95G  K 1 G
 100   v  0.05G  0.95
 d  d

Thus, the variance is

0.95  2.338  
2

Var  L0   100 
 0.04 /1.04 
  A A  
2
x x
2

0.95  2.338  
2
   0.04  
2

 100    0.17   1  16.50   

 0.04 /1.04    1.04  
 908.1414
9. 2 2
A65  v3 2 p  65  q 652
payment year 3  
Lives 2 years Die year 3

 v4 3 p 65  q 653

payment year 4  
Lives 3 years Die year 4
3
 1 
   (0.92)  (0.9)  (0.12)
 1.04 

4
 1 
   (0.92)(0.9)(0.88)(0.14)
 1.04 

 0.088  0.087  0.176

The actuarial present value of this insurance is therefore 2000  0.176  352 .

   35   
10. 
A35  1  e 35      
   
e A70  0.063421  0.146257  0.209679

1  A35 1  0.209679
a 35    15.80642
 0.05
A35 0.209679
P 35    0.132654
a 35 15.80642

The annual net premium for this policy is therefore 100, 000  0.132654  1,326.54
11. Assuming UDD

EPV(premiums)  12 Pax12  12 P  12  a x   12  

 12 P 1.00028  9.19   0.46812 
 104.6934P
EPV(benefits)  100,000 A x
i i
 100,000 Ax  100,000 1  dax 
 
0.06  0.06
 100,000 1   9.19  
log 1.06   1.06 
 49406.59
49406.59
P  471.9168
104.6934

12. The expected end of the year profit B  722   20V  G  WG  60 1.08 
(0.004736)(150000)
(1  0.004736)( 21V )

722   24496  1  W    1212   60  1.08  0.004736 150000   0.995264  26261

722  852.8121  1308.96W

852.8121  722
Solving W, W   10%
1308.96
13. i (12)  0.06  0.005 per month
AV11  CSV  SC  10, 000  3, 000  13, 000
COI 12  100, 000(0.002) / 1.005  199.00
AV12  13, 000  1, 000(1  0.25)  6  199.00 (1.005)  13, 612.75
COI 13  100, 000(0.003) / 1.005  298.51
AV13  13, 612.73  1, 000(1  W )  6  298.51 (1.005) 
CSV13  13,329.51
CSV13  AV13  SC 13  AV13  1000  AV13  13,330  1000  14,330
14,330  13, 612.73  1000(1  W )  6  298.51 (1.005)
14,330
 13, 612.73  6  298.51  (1  W )1, 000
1.005
 W  0.0495

Expected total reserve =

980 19.9  8.8 1.05    500  27.77  0.005  
 27, 218.37
Actual total reserve =
  7 
980 19.9  8.8 1  j    500  27.77   
  980  
 28,126 j  24,820.39

Since there is no gain or loss, expected = actual, so:

27, 218.27  24,820.39
j  8.52585%
28,126
15. If G denotes the gross premium, then

1000* A35  30a35  270 1000(0.12872)  30(15.3926)  270

G   59.28
0.96* a35  0.26 0.96(15.3926)  0.26
So that,

x  1000* A36  (30  0.96* G )a36

 1000(0.13470)  (30  0.96  59.28)  (15.2870)  276.65

1000 a55 1000  0.48686  9.8969 

16.  10
  693.76
a55:10   IA 
1
12.2758   0.48686  9.8989    0.51209
55:10

9V  1000 1 a64  10 A64:1

1
  a64:1

1  7,533,964  1
 1000   9.8969  10  693.76   0.01952   693.76
1.06  7, 683,979  1.06

17. AVend   AVstart  G  (1  f )  e  COI   1  i c 

where COI   Specified amount  / 1  i c    COI
(COI depends only on the specified amount, not the AV, since the death benefit is
Specified Amount + AV)

COI 1  100, 000  0.01/1.04  961.54

COI 2  100, 000  0.02 /1.04  1,923.08

AV1   0  G  (1  0.3)  100  961.54  1.04  0.728G  1,104

AV2   0.728G  1,104  G  (1  0.1)  50  1,923.08  1.04  1.693G  3, 200.16

1.693G  3, 200.16  10, 000

G  10,000  3200.16  /1.693  7,796.35
18.
Retirement Age 63 64 65
Years of
33 34 35
Service (K)
v K 20 0.414964 0.387817 0.367446
Probability of
0.4 (0.6)(0.2) (1.0)(0.6)(0.8)
Retirement
Benefit (33)(12)(25)(12.0) (34)(12)(25)(11.5) (35)(12)(25)(11.0)
Benefit Reduction
0.856 0.928 1.0
Factor
Present Value of
16,879.56 5,065.87 20,094.01
Retirement Benefit

career average salary find average salary

  
S S
1  1.025  1.025 2    1.025 29   1.025 29  1.025 28    1.025 25 
30 5
0.02*30 y *30

1.025 30  1 1.025 5  1
0.02  6 y 1.025 25 
0.025 0.025

0.02  25 1.025
30
1
y 1.025  0.1501727  1.5%
6 1.025  1
5
20. For Plan I, the accumulated contributions are:
(0.15) S 35 (1.03) 30  (0.15) S 35 (1.03)(1.03) 29
(0.15) S 35 (1.03) 2 (1.03) 28  ...
 (0.15) S 35 (1.03) 30 (30)  10.923S 35
 (12 B)a65
(12)

10.923S 35
B  0.096 S 35
12(9.44)

For Plan II, we have:

1
2
 S 35 (1.03) 28  S 35 (1.03) 29   2.322S 35
1
B   30  0.015  S 35  2.322   0.087 S 35
12
0.096
  1.107
0.087