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# TELANGANA STATE BOARD OF INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION

PHYSICS-II
Syllabus (w.e.f. 2013-14)

## Chapter ONE: WAVES

1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 Transverse and longitudinal waves
1.3 Displacement relation in a progressive wave
1.4 The speed of a travelling wave
1.5 The principle of superposition of waves
1.6 Reflection of waves
1.7 Beats
1.8 Doppler effect

## Chapter TWO:RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

2.1 INTRODUCTION
2.2 Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors
2.3 Refraction
2.4 Total Internal Reflection
2.5 Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses
2.6 Refraction through a Prism
2.7 Dispersion by a Prism
2.8 Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight
2.9 Optical Instruments

## Chapter THREE: WAVE OPTICS

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Huygens Principle
3.3 Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens Principle
3.4 Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves
3.5 Interference of Light Waves and Young's Experiment
3.6 Diffraction
3.7 Polarisation

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Chapter FOUR: ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
4.1 INTRODUCTION
4.2 Electric Charges
4.3 Conductors and Insulators
4.4 Charging by Induction
4.5 Basic Properties of Electric Charge
4.6 Coulomb's Law
4.7 Forces between Multiple Charges
4.8 Electric Field
4.9 Electric Field Lines
4.10 Electric Flux
4.11 Electric Dipole
4.12 Dipole in a Uniform External Field
4.13 Continuous Charge Distribution
4.14 Gauss's Law
4.15 Application of Gauss's Law

## Chapter FIVE:ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE

5.1 INTRODUCTION
5.2 Electrostatic Potential
5.3 Potential due to a Point Charge
5.4 Potential due to an Electric Dipole
5.5 Potential due to a System of Charges
5.6 Equipotential Surfaces
5.7 Potential Energy of a System of Charges
5.8 Potential Energy in an External Field
5.9 Electrostatics of Conductors
5.10 Dielectrics and Polarisation
5.11 Capacitors and Capacitance
5.12 The Parallel Plate Capacitor
5.13 Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance
5.14 Combination of Capacitors
5.15 Energy Stored in a Capacitor
5.16 Van de Graaff Generator

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Chapter SIX: CURRENT ELECTRICITY
6.1 INTRODUCTION
6.2 Electric Current
6.3 Electric Currents in Conductors
6.4 Ohm's law
6.5 Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity
6.6 Limitations of Ohm's Law
6.7 Resistivity of various Materials
6.8 Temperature Dependence of Resistivity
6.9 Electrical Energy, Power
6.10 Combination of Resistors — Series and Parallel
6.11 Cells, emf, Internal Resistance
6.12 Cells in Series and in Parallel
6.13 Kirchhoff's Laws
6.14 Wheatstone Bridge
6.15 Meter Bridge
6.16 Potentiometer

## Chapter SEVEN: MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM

7.1 INTRODUCTION
7.2 Magnetic Force
7.3 Motion in a Magnetic Field
7.4 Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields
7.5 Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law
7.6 Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop
7.7 Ampere's Circuital Law
7.8 The Solenoid and the Toroid
7.9 Force between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere
7.10 Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole
7.11 The Moving Coil Galvanometer

## Chapter EIGHT: MAGNETISM AND MATTER

8.1 INTRODUCTION
8.2 The Bar Magnet
8.3 Magnetism and Gauss's Law
8.4 The Earth's Magnetism
8.8 Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity
8.6 Magnetic Properties of Materials
8.7 Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets

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Chapter NINE: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
9.1 INTRODUCTION
9.2 The Experiments of Faraday and Henry
9.3 Magnetic Flux
9.5 Lenz's Law and Conservation of Energy
9.6 Motional Electromotive Force
9.7 Energy Consideration: A Quantitative Study
9.8 Eddy Currents
9.9 Inductance
9.10 AC Generator

## Chapter TEN: ALTERNATING CURRENT

10.1 INTRODUCTION
10.2 AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor
10.3 Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors — Phasors
10.4 AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor
10.5 AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor
10.8 AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit
10.7 Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor
10.8 LC Oscillations
10.9 Transformers

## Chapter ELEVEN: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE

11.1 INTRODUCTION
11.2 Displacement Current
11.3 Electromagnetic Waves
11.4 Electromagnetic Spectrum

## Chapter TWELVE: DUAL NATURE OR RADIATION AND MATTER

12.1 Introduction
12.2 Electron Emission
12.3 Photoelectric Effect

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12.4 Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect
12.5 Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light
12.6 Einstein's Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation
12.7 Particle Nature of Light: The Photon
12.8 Wave Nature of Matter
12.9 Davisson and Germer Experiment

## Chapter THIRTEEN: ATOMS

13.1 INTRODUCTION
13.2 Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford's Nuclear Model of Atom
13.3 Atomic Spectra
13.4 Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
13.5 The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom
13.6 DE Broglie's Explanation of Bohr's Second Postulate of Quantisation CHAPTER

## Chapter FOURTEEN: NUCLEI

14.1 INTRODUCTION
14.2 Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus
14.3 Size of the Nucleus
14.4 Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy
14.5 Nuclear Force
14.7 Nuclear Energy

## Chapter FIFTEEN: SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS, DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS

15.1 INTRODUCTION
15.2 Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors
15.3 Intrinsic Semiconductor
15.4 Extrinsic Semiconductor
15.5 p-n Junction
15.6 Semiconductor diode
15.7 Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier
15.8 Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes

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15.9 Junction Transistor
15.10 Digital Electronics and Logic Gates
15.11 Integrated Circuits

## Chapter SIXTEEN: COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

16.1 INTRODUCTION
16.2 Elements of a Communication System
16.3 Basic Terminology Used in Electronic Communication Systems
16.4 Bandwidth of Signals
16.5 Bandwidth of Transmission Medium
16.6 Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
16.7 Modulation and its Necessity
16.8 Amplitude Modulation
16.9 Production of Amplitude Modulated Wave
16.10 Detection of Amplitude Modulated Wave

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