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IL1X1I» »ï lillOE AID fKASGI».


•ID UM «m. nut mis», u>it»a.
TO

M V WI FF

WIH» FIRST LED ME TO THE CULTURE OF PLANTS.

\\I> WHOSR

LOVE FOB MLIKs 8ÏÏQGE8TED To ICE 1 II 1.11: STUDY,

I DEDICATE THIS BOOK,

In HI nn or « of

IHK H.vm DAYS I BAVE SPENT IX ITS PREPARATION.


LIST OF CONTENTS.

I < TI"X - i
\ II ¡«tor) of thi . . . Ul

rication . . . . . , . , . . M

x^rajihical Ditfribution . - v.ii


Ifftf Tofae» |Mge ix
- «
-t Himalaja» at about bOOO feet elevation, where Lilium polyphyltum is found. (Photographed by
BOIRXI: and StUrPAID,

I'I.I, I't Ul

1 1. comUfoUum 26 I i ¡i. -'i i

1. gtganlrani 1.. caruliniamim


£6
.:. 1. phiUppinanM 1 . ~I1|M tlllllU

4. L. Widlichianum -7 1 • Hadan*.
1. t 28 I. |>.irdulinmii
6
1 1 \\prtalum. L. pardnliinim. var. cnlifomicum.
8. tlgherrieuM 80 L pan uni.
7 I laagiflonun SI. imbiaiiuni
V 1. Brainy 1 lluiiilxpldli
:• I., cimdidum. '« 33. L Martagón, vnr, dnlmatirmn
1 W ~!iiiiRtoniiiiiMrii 1. llan*.ini
II 1. \\'.i-liiii^tiiiiiaiiuni, vir piirpmviitii I. fff•
36.
I l'.uryi. L medeoloide«.
19
1 tuant iiniiin 80. 1. niHiiadi lplium (with bol
13. L »peato•a. I. iiiiiiiuiiilplimii, m Bawttaamm
14 1 ia|u>ti:< urn. 38. L tigrinaa
16, I. auratuin 39. i i.iiiitiiiii
j I. auratuni, var I'arkmannt l. \i odnwwii ril

1 L auratuni, var. Wittvi. L. Maximowiczii, var. Bakeri.
40.
IT 1 I'liilndi'lpliitum. 1. Maximowicxii, var. pseudotigi;
lé. concolor. 1 uarfmowii /ii. \.u I;
• «an», var vemutum :
41. L, callosutn.
19. • ifaru, var. aluurrmii. «a 1. t-imifoliiim
'goo, var. atrinangui»' 43. I. chalcedonicum.
'«•gan», var. incomparabile II 1 •• "tacrum.
1 1. il.gaut, var Alin- W ilwn I., caraiolicum.
-1 1. davurirum. 4C !.. pomponium.
1 > roccum, vai 47 L pjririaicuin
1 bulliilVriuii - Una
Ji I. Duvidi
Kit RATA.

Under UtlVU TUSl'iruLIt M, UKL- 24, fur it-11 ii.i !.. i >, ' >- '
v
. page v. ln»i line, / I I "
INTRODUCTION.

1 > K !•"• > Il F. attempting to i¡i»e a general sketch of the true Lilies, 1 mat! inform my reidan that du ltook is not
i!., irork «if .i scientific Ixitanist, t>»t i~ merely the result of a fc» yean* horticultural itudy, during which
I have eudeavourcd to brin;; together all tin. information which seemed likely to elucidate as far as possible some
of the difficult question- which are met With in the study of th< se plants.

'In < iiahlc • person to understand, even imperfectly. the abstruse subject- which must be mastered ln-fore
he can hive, in modem nun-. any claim to the title of a botanist, a long OOUTM of study mu-t be undertaken,
and as I have never h.id the opportunity of acquiring a sen tititi . I do not auppoaa thai I have
auy ritfht to call this a monograph, by which I understand an exhaustive account ¡act which Ittan
on the development, classification, and history of the ohj.et- in question It teems to me, however, that DO
!, ii.>v\,\, •. in his iconirementSi is aide to understand thorough!] the relation! and aS
of orders, and particularly of such orders a- l.iliaieie, Amaryllidacca*, Orchid* Otha Monoootyl
he has the opportunity of stodying the Bring planta. Ta d«i this ha mnal be either bim
horticulturist, "r must have the aseiatanc* of a garden i whoae mind ¡ nitn Ij devoted to the ornamental
or the economic branch of his art

I think it i- nut yit fully r.cognized how ultimately tin two eeieueee of botany and horticulture are
connect-.! V. Bortionlturist cm attain the higher rank- of hi- | without a more Or KM accurate
knowledge ol botany; and no botanist can be said !.. b Ul half ma-tirnf hi- subject whoM studies have
been confined to lha library and the herbarium.

For tin» reason we find that such men as IIEHBF.RT. LINOM.V, W M I H H. >IH WiMJAM and >in J
HooKt.it, Ki MUCH, Tttriii.T, and \-» QUAY have attained a p distinction u adentifie boti
and from the same cause it -will be found, a- tinu got - on, that a large and well-Mtppoitnl -.ml, u i, ,-,., much an
absolute net tsttj to the working botani»t as a library and au herbarium.

No 1 to compare botanical descriptions of Monocotyledouous pbutts with the living


realities can have failed to meet with extreme difficulty in i thl m. or to realize the fact that an accurate
drawing is more useful than such a description as can be usually made from dried specimens.

The variation of plants is a subject that would require much space even to touch ujion ; but I may say
that 1 fully concur m the idea which was so Strongly supported by I > I
4
N WM

• INTRODl i TION

tl,. ad -.!.» papei at th. cndoMii» work on the Amarylltda.-.^ on"(Vo*ses »nd Hybrid Ilrterarixtore* in
Vegetable« "•thai the true way to test the validity of a so-called spe.it- i» by propagating it from
the tendency to vary possessed by the species will be made manifest, au.l the varieties produced will «hon ÜM
observer bow far be may rely upon certain character» in Separating the specie* from others. In the same way
1 think that the surest way to teal the validity of • genus la to attempt to hybridize the member, of it with other
plants, when, if we find that they will cross readily with another belonging to an apparently different genus,
it afford» a strong presumption of the idem tj of thoaa p ..era.

This subject, however, i- surrounded with Mich a multitude of difficulties that it requires tin judgment and
..f observation of a Darwin to investigate it with fitting accuracy. Let ¡I raffia to sa) that 1 know of
no case in which • Lily has been crossed With a plant belonging to any other genus and that the ram
attempts at hybridising the true Lilies iafir as have met with very little success.

If any of the conclusions I have arrived at, a* to the classification of tin- g. uu- / ¡Hum. are not in accordance
with the views that have been expressed by others. 1 can only say that I have in all ease* endeavoured to
consider facts only, and have no preconceived theory, or desire to favour th. theorû - of others.

It may be that, as horticulturists increase in number, and our knowledge 0Í plant* in a state of nature
extends, many new facts Wring on the question will IK- discovered ; and I can easily believe that some of the
plants which no» seein to deserve specific distinction may 1M- reduced to the rank of varieties, whilst other form«
may be proved worthy of specific rank. In this case I can only say that I shall welcome any well-founded
corrections that may be introduced into the genus, as on one can IK- more sensible Iban myself of the
imperfections of my work, and no one can feel more strongly than I do thai -n. utiti. truth ¡s the first object
which ever] worker in the great field of nature should hold up as the aim of his studies.

With regard to our present knowledge of the genus I.ilium, I can say that I do not think many new
species remain to be discovered; for though I have used every means to procure plants, living or dead, from
part of the world «here Lilies are known, or arc Ukely to occur, not more than than three or four species
have been added to the genus in the last four years.

The only regions from which much novelty can be expected arc the Eastern Himalayas and the immense
tract of unexplored and difficult mountain country which surrounds our Indian empire on the north and east, and
which lies round the head-water» of the Irrawaddy, the Hramaputra, and the Yang-tse-kiang, Many years must
elapse, however, befan these (to the naturalist and ethnologist) most interesting inouiitains can IK- even partially
explored, as the extreme difficulty of the country, and the excessive jealousy and barbarism of the tribes
Which inhabit it. make this i. giOD more difficult of access than perhaps any other part of the world.

The Corean peninsula may also produce jome new species of Lily ; but though the Hora of that country
is absolutely unknown to us, ¡i may IK- expected that any indigenous plants of great beauty or horticultural
value have airead} found their way into the gardens of Japan

Having found b] experience that draxvings of plants made from dried specimens (reqajentb fail to give
a good idea of their aspect a&d character, 1 have made it my object to procure living planta of every specie*
which it Ml possible to obtain, and have had under cultivation hi my out, garden even known ipccjea
of Lily excepting al t lour. Whenever I haxe been obliged to resort to dried specimens, or to
drawings, as material for m\ illu-tr.ii.oii-. I hau mentioned the fact in the accompanying description. It has
i>. m objected by some botanista (bal platea drawn from highly cultivated garden »pedmi u do not give a good
idea of the plants in a state of nature ; and there »re, no doubt, cases in which this is more or less ihe fact.

Expérience, however, teaches thai the state of perfection to which any Lily may be brought in cultivation.
i- not ana... tii.m th, plant H capable of attaining under thoroughly favourable conditions i• a wild state, and
in pr.K.f of thi- 1 max say that the piales of /,.,•/,,/,.,,(.•>.. /,. «xuMaylvM.ami»,, L WmmUpkim, and Others,

m
INTHODUCnON m

which arc taken from thi i • 1 could procure, anil which are no doubt much finer than is usual in
cultivation, füll «hört, l>oth in the number and in the ahta of their dowers, of the description« I have received of
their growth, under favourable circumstances, in their native countries, a» well as of dried specimen! which 1 have
examined.

The extrau tendency to variation in nearly all the Lilies makes it imp.-s-ibh tO pit illustrations which
represent faithfully all their forms; but it has been my constant endeavour, a- well as that of MB. FITCH, to
combine truthful delineation with artistic excellence. The colouring of the plates ha>. in some few cases, fallen
short of what I could have wished; but though I have spared neither pain- or expense to gel this done as
accurately as po--ilil., there are some tints, such as the shining coral-red of /•• thnlrrif'mir»m, which cannot be
ly reproduced except in oil-colours.

The materials which I have used in working out the synonymy, distribution, and variation of the plants
have been M follows :•the dried specimen- in The public herbaria of Kcw. Paris, lay den. and Berlin ; the type
specbjU o- oTThusherg*« herbarium at Upeak ; the living plant- in my own garden, in the Hot.inn <;.ir<len- of Kcw
and Edinburgh, and in the collections of my friends M1.--11- (.. I" WILSON, Qaonoi HAW, MAS LBICHTLIM,
KM. 11. BUaAOOMUU, anil many other-, to all of whom I mu-t again express uiy most heart) thanks lor the free
use which they have allowed me to make of their specimens and drawings, anil for the kindness with which
tfaeyhiro leajsted mein getting all possible information. From Maneas IIAHU, VRITCH, Hi i.i., KHKI.ACK,
Da Oiiurr, Van H.HTTi.. WVIIK. WALLACE, and other professional horticulturists I have also received
invaluable a and information; and I must - i\ lh.it the enterprise -hown by the-e and Others, m the
introduction and propagation of plants (many of which do not prove profitable from a bii-ines- point of vit « l.
has been, and I hope will always be, of the i teat service and advantage to the botanist and scientific
liorticultuiï-t.

Among my correspondents abroad, I must thank especially Da. ReOBL and Paor. MAXIMOWH/ of
SI Petersburg, Hana UAX LBICHTMN oí H i1 DUCKAMU and the Ann! DAVIS of Paris, Da, KIM.
of Calcutta. Pnom SnoXAMT and WATSON of Harvard University, and MKSSHS. I'HISOI.I .mil ll>ss,.s,
thro CKOIINKN. and others in the I'uited --täte», for the immense assistance they have given me in prociuiiiL'
information and plants, all of which I have acknowledged in the IHHI) of the work, and without which it would
havt i» en impossible to complete it.

And. finally, most important is the assistance I have received from \ht.J (i BAKBR, of the Royal lb ili.iimm
of Kcw, upon whose Revision of the Liliácea- in the 'Journal of the lam > et] ' all my work is based, whose
-.ii mitic descriptions I have used in alino-t all cases, ami withonl who ice and help, so freely afforded
to myself and others. I feel I should have failed to keep my work free from many crr.r- und oui

LITERARY HISTORY OP THE GENUS

lh in- I on-pi,min- and beautiful plants, have attracted th, attention of authors from »o early a
date that it would Is-impos-ible to enumerate all the pn-l.tum-an writ ve lueutinued them thott who
lions as ti> their ancient and media-val lu-tnry will do well to consult M. or. CAN.VART D'HAMALB'S
.•rapine lli-tnn<|iit it Littéraire da Lis- (Malme-, 1K70J, where many quotation! an given in poetry and
prose, and where man . id fancies couccnimg Lilies are quoted from numerous authors. I"
' purpose, however, it will only be necessary to mention a very few of U hum PAAKI
take» a leading place. Thi« charming old writer, whose • I'aradisus, or Garden of Pleasant Flowers wm
»S
'•'-".

h INTRODUCTION

published m 1«*9, put- tlir Lilies at the commencement of hi* work, " beeau-c the Lily is the more stately
flower among manie;" and after describing the Crown Imperial, which, "for his stately bcautifulncs», dssorroth
the first place in this our garden of delight." proceed* to enumerate the »peri«•- known to him. which are
described with wonderful accuracy in the quaintest of Elizabethan English. IVktn-on mention- five varieties of the
• Martagón Imperial " (I,. Martagón).•" the ipotted Martagón of Canada " (/,. rnaadense). which had bee» already
introduced to Europe at this early period ; •'the early red Martagón <ir Martagón PompoOJ " (L. pomponium) :
•' the red Martagón of Constantinople" (L. ehalcedomcum), " the bright red Martagón of llungarie " (¿. earnietietm) ;
and '* the yellow spotted Martagón " (/.. pyrenaieum). He gives rough though characteristic woodcuts of these
plants, ami MU Dtkmi the " place " or habitat, the " time" or season of flowering, and the " names " or symmyms
of each. Of the nmbauate Lilies he mentions six varieties, di-lingui-hing clearly between L croeeum (the "gold
red Lily") and I. lulbi/erum ("the wd-bulbed Lil\'\) He then describes two varieties of the white Lily,
which complete the list of those known to him.

K ivirrr.R in the ' Amcciiitatcs Academic««,' pubiiahed in 1712, mentions several species of Lilies, annum
which, though they were ignored or overlooked hy LINN»'-. I., cordifnltum. L spfionim, and/,, ligrinum can
probably be recognized.

LINNJXS, iu the 3rd edition of hi- "Sy-tema I'lanturuiu ' (176S), itacriboe nine species, »is. /,. candidam.
I., biilbi/erum, L, pompomum, L. chalcedomaun. L. tuperlmm, L. Martagón, I. ennadrnsr, !.. philadelphicum, and
/.. Itamtchatkrnte. He treats as varieties several plants which arc now ranked as -¡HC'IC-, .mil includes one,
L. kamschatkentr, which we now refer to the genus FritMaria.

TlTOMMMtOj who «pent many jcar- iu Japan, published, in 1784, his ' Flor» Japonic»,' in which the
following ipeeiea are described :• L. candidum = /,. Iimgißorum ; ¡..japomcum ; L. pompouium, probably •=/,, eallosnm ;
I,, bulbi/erum, ?=fc. elegant; L. tuperbum, rW£, tpetiosum-, L. eanadtnte, ? = f• Ilantoni; L philadelphicum,
?=X. elegant. He seems to have determined to make all the species he found in Japan agree with those
described h\ l.iw irs; and, in consequence, we are unable to identify with certainty several of them; but, in
the second volume of the 'Transactions of the Linncan Society,' he gives further details of some of his species,
and describes /,. tpeciatum, L. longi/orum, and L. eardi/olium. Still later he published, in the ' Memoirs ' of the
Imperial Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg, 1811, an "Examen Lilioruni Japonicorum," in which seven
species are descrilied, and three badly figured, viz. L. lancl/alinm, L longißtrum, and /.. maculatum. Most of
TiJUMBBRO*a descriptions are so vague, or taken from such imperfect or abnormal specimens, that they cannot
be relied on with certain!) ; and it was only by examining the specimens in his herbarium that I was able to
make out that L. maculatum and L. lancifol'wm arc not good species, and that L. elegant is what has been
hitherto known as L. Thunbergianum.

Though WALTER, MICHAUX, CAWLER. DON, FISCHER, and others added one or more species each to
the genus, no great increase to our knowledge was obtained till VON SIEIIOLD went to Japan and sent home
numerous specimens of Lilies, both living and dried, about 1830. All those which he found were euuuu-rated
m SnaOLS ¡mil 7,1 -CCAKINI'S • Flor« Japónica,' where L. eallotum is first described, and a fair account given of
the other -pecio- known to him.

ROKMEH and SoRQLfflu's ' Systcma Vegetabiliura ' (1849) and KINTH'S • Enunieratio ' (1843), being
merely descriptive catalogues of planta, need not be referred to. except to say that /.. Hallichiantttu was first
described by ScMI i.n -

Tlie first attempt at a monograph of the genus is the " Mémoire sur les espèces du genre Li»," by
H STAB, published in IHI7. in the nineteenth volume of the ' Mémoires de l'Académie Royale de BalgUne

This memoir i numerates all the species known at that time, and gives careful ascriptions, with
synonym», history, and datailed untrnetioni for the cultivation of the varions species. It mu bj f.• the most

MÊÊÊ
INTRODUCTION

complete and Useful account of the genus until quite recently, as it inelmle» all SlSROLn'» discoveries
h- bss the work of a skilled horticulturist and fair botanist, was based on careful nl>-. rvatioos of living |
which, as I have before said, are indispensable for the study of Lilies.

In ls"o, PROFESSOR DITHARTRï. of Paris, was attracted by the unequalled collection of liwug Lilies
formed by HKKK M \\ LBICKVMH, of < arl-nihc : anil, wishing to make them better known to the horticultural
and scientific world, he published, in the second scries of the Journal of the •Société Centrale d'Horticulture ' of
France, hi* " Observations sur le Genre Lis," an elaborate and most careful paper, of 149 pegea, in which the
| and classification of the genus is elaborated with much detail, and careful descriptions in French are
of all the species then known.

Almut the same time MR. J. G. BAKER, of Kew, published,in a scries of articles in the 'Gardeners'
Chronicle' for 1871, a synop-i« of the genus, which has had an enormous influence in making it lutter known
and appreciated by horticulturists, and was the principal snide I had in taking up it- -tudy.

The direct result of the labour- of Mum, I.tn n 111\, DCCHAKTRE, and BAKER has been so great
that 1 do not think there is any genus of plants, having so cxtcn-ive a range of distribution, which has
been studied with as much completeness, or about which so little remains to be discovered, a- the Lilies ;
and, tl n is much to be done before the mimui.e of their derulopOMBl and variation can be said
to be fully known, jet I do not think the publication of a Monograph on them is so premature as it
would be in the case of -1 othi i wide-ranging genera of plants.

I'Ror. SERKVO \V ITSOH bu recent); published, in the fourteenth volume of the 'Proceeding* of the
American Academy of Arts and Sei«mes,' July 1879, a Revision of the Nortli-Ainerican Liliácea*, which gives:
a complete description of the Lines of that country, and which, I am glad to see, agrees very nearly with my
eOOClusktM SB to Use species and varieties.

Besides the writers already mentioned, the late I'mo. Kvui. Kocn has published, in the ' Wochen-
schrift für Gart ne ri i und Pflanzenkunde ' for July and August 1979(1 memoir of the sasnaa, in whieli he gins
a key to their cla•ificatioii, together with critical nun- LU their synonymy ami distribution.

MR. J. II. KIU:I. MI:, of Haarlem, whOSS nurseries probably contain a larger number of Lilies than any
others in the world, has published s ' Notice sur quelque- espèces M tiriétés de Lis," in which seven! specie« are
described and figured•auioiiL' then /.. Il'ittti, /.. /liiiiilwItUt, and L. tigriiutm fore pleno.

In America, DH. KKLI.OC.I. has d several of the western spejCSSJ in the 'Proceedings of the
California Academy of Natural Science;' and many notes on hybridization and cultivation have appeared
in various periodicals.

ïlic horticultural journals of the last fen ¡-ccially the 'Gardeners' Chronicle ' and the ' Garden,'
also contain an immense Dumber of valuable notes concerning Lilies.

A- a strictly scientific account of the genu-. MR. BAKXB'S Revfenotj of the Tulipca-, in the 'Journal of
the I.innean Society ' for IH71. is preeminent Hi- remarks on the affinities, relations, and morphology of the
::.IIII- cannot lie neglected !•> any «me wi-hing to Understand them thoroughly.

PROF. DUCHADTH, of Pari«, has published, in the ' Bibliothèque de l'fiooll di- Haut.- 1.- >
vol. vii. 1873, and vol. xiv. 1979) two mo-t remarkable memoir- on the bulbs of Lilies, in which Un n
stages of their development from the seed are mo-t carefully described and figured with extreme care and
minuteness. An excellent series of drawings of the huid- of Lilie* in their adult state has been madr
by MR. BiRaiDCK, and was published in "The Garden' in l

•••• I

INTRODUCTION.

CLASSIFICATION.

In MB. BAJHB'S revision of the Liliaccic. which a the latest as well a« by far the most complete and
systematic arrangement of the order, the Lilie» arc included with the Tulip», Pritillariea, Oakcbnrti, Erythroola,
and Uoydiaa in the tribe Tulipc;c, and fonn a Mry homogeneous genus, few »I* the plants included in it being
aberrant from t) rpa It ha« been subdivided into five »uli'_-. mr.i. of which font arc natural and well-
marked ; bail there arc a few plants which do not seem to me to fall conveniently int.» either of these subdiw

The characters by which we can beat cjaaalf] the Lilie» are taken Ana the bulb, and from the form and
position of the flowers, The Brat subgenuc, CaraNecrûnaea of Endlicher, is a very distinct and well-marked one,
and comprises only two nearly -ill« d though perfectly distinct specie«, /.. ¡/¡¡/nnleum and L. conU/dium. The bulb
In these i» formed of a few thick clos« ly comprisse .1 «cale», produced into kng petiole«, which bear a large cordate
orovut. shining green leaf. Until the bulb becomes strong enough to Bower, which ¡» at about it» aixth or«
•ear, then i or other leave» than these basal once; but the flowering stem, when produced, absorba the
whole life and substance of the bulb; and the plant perishes completely after flowering and maturing seed, which
i» produced very abundantly. In some case*, however, offsets are formed at the base of the old bulb, which in
time grow to a flowering sin. Now this manner of reproduction, namely by seed», appears to me the natural and
regular course in this subgenus] for though in cultivation the reproduction bj offsets is the more common,
vet in it» natta foresta í. esjmfetm appeared tome to grow a» though all the plants were seedlings, and 1
found no groupa of offsets about the boat of tl Id stems, .1- one does in garden planta. 1 should not, therefore,
consider that either of these »pecic» i» a true perennial, and am inclined to think that many other Lilies n»ually
considered perennial are not BO,strktlj speaking; for I have found that many of them, after being brought
to tin highest start» of perfection, and baring produced seeds freely, die away unaccountably, .1» though they
had fulfilled their function, and had by the act of seeding exhausted all the vitality of tin- bulbs.

The next subgenus, Eulirmn of F.ndluhcr, i» characterized by long tubular (lowers, the segment» of which
are hardly reflexed, except at their tips. It includes, according to \ln BAKBB'S arrangement, the following
specie»•/.. pUSffAun», U'alliehiaiium, mlyherritHse, nipalntsc, hrigijtorum, Broten!, japomewn, rauditlum, belladonna,
and WaihiwjtumanHm. Now, as to the tirsi six of these plants, there can be no question about the propriety of this
arrangement, a» they seem to me to he M rj possibly only subspecM -. and oomprisa ill ihe representatives of the
family found in the eastern tropics or Oriental region•the *i\lh, /. liraient, being an Outlying representative in
Japan. Hut 1 think that /.. japameum has more affinity with /.. auralum, placed by MR. li «KKK in another group;
L. atibábame ¡a probably a synonym of it; I. eswaSabm (our common whin Lily)seeana to mc to have sufficient
pcculiiiritii- in structura and habit to justify it* M parution from the Eulir'tnn group ; ami /, U'ailmHjIi.iiianitm I
should be inclined to place, with two near allies or subspecies, in another section.

In the subgenus BkBrioa thus restricted we find a very different bidb-striicturc, consisting of a large
number of thinner pointed scales, which beau narrow linear leaves only, in their earliest stages of growth and
throw up steins at the age of two or three yean, flowering (real) and ripening seed. Usually, however. the\
produce a» well a number of »mall boJMeta, which are formed either at the base of the old seal,•-, at the i,ase of
the stem, or all along its subterraneous portion, and frupnutly at various pointa 00 ÜM Item ahme ground.
dl\ when any injurj ha» cheeked or arrested the formation of flowers,

Hie plants included i- | [tries seam, therefore, to he trae perennials ; that is to ley, they possess
the power of reproducing themaelvea for an indefinite period without seeding. They are the out] Ulna which
are found within the tropic», and appear to require, and to thrive under. .1 [renter degree of Ina. than Other
I ! -, though the] are all Inhabitants of hilly or elevated regions. I believe that the season of growth in
plants is regulated, in their native Countries, not by the summer and winter. Im, bj ,|,e rainy and dry sc ,*,.•».
INTRODUCTION. vii

L. H'alliehianum and L. niloherrieme, at any rate, do not commence growth till the rain* begin in Jane, and
ripen their seed in midwinter, when all the Lilies of temperate clime« have gone to 11

With regard to L. candidum, we find certain character* of habit which seem to keep ¡I »pert from
Lilies. First.it has, like A giganttum, leaves of two differ« nt classes:•first, thebai vlùch are born« the
new scales in the centre of the bulb, and appear early in autumn, coinciding "t':> the period of autumnal i i
the countries to which it is supposed tobe indigenous; and, secondly, tin e-, wliieh are horuc on the
flowering stem, and do not appear till the bneel leave* are withering The flower« also of this Lttj «re nol quite
similar in form to those of the Eulirion or any other group; so that the plant seems to have some .1
suhgencric distinction,

/• H'ashinglunianum. with its variety or lubgpecie* L. purpurtnm, and a newly-discn.ered plant,


/,. I'arryi, though resembling the Eulirion group to a certain extent in their flowers, are so different is
the structure of their hull.», that tin \ must also stand in a group apart from any other.

The next section is Archclirinn of Baker, in which he includes /.. ti'jr'mum. tprciosum, «uratum, and orypelalum.
Ulis does not appear to me a very natural group, /. fifTM | t>> have more in common with the
Uaitftgons, whilst I. nryprtalnm is an aberrant form, differing entire!} in bulb and habit, and hiring Di
but the position of tht flowers to bring it near auralum. If this Section il to stand, I think it should include
L.japonirum, wliieh is certainly nearer to nur at urn than to the Eulirion Lilies.

The next rangeant is hoKrian of Baker, including all th flowers sod falcate
segments not relieved. Pbnr of the species, comprising it. viz. bulbi/cruta. eroetum, elegant, and Jiruricum, arc
so nearly allied that tiny h.ne Ikui considered, with moch reason, as oiiK subspecies,and rus ly into
each other that it is impossible to distinguish some of the garden raí i hybrids «Inch the) have
produced. These plants, again, may la called perennial- ¡ BJ OOnstantl] bj nil ans of
offset« a~ well Is, «hieb are very sparingly produced either in cultivation or. at ' I nature.

,«f*tá The other four plants included in the Ms BAXBR, namely /,. eontohr, I., plulmlrlphitum,
L, Cottibiri, and L mrdroloidrs, are, a« regards tluir flowers, fairly uniform with the iuHi/erum
but in their bulbs and habit very dissimilar, h.ning individual peculiarities of consideran which
are alluded to in detail in tin- i.-vt of this work, and which are probaliK audíficstíoni of structure, intimately
connected with the natural conditions under which they grow. /,. Catuimi is a small, delicate species,
confined to a very narrow range as regards its distribution, und probably not fitted to survit c in the
struggle for existence with other p]

In the ease of L. mtdroWuitt, if the fee] limited materials un which our knowledge of the plant is
. us, we bat bling the others with which it is grouped m nothing but
the position of the Sowers, bul to Mari] allied to /.. estsewsoi m every other respect, thai I cannot help
suspecting an abnormal condition of the specimens on which it was founded. If not. I can only say that,

r.M howevei lytiematic Uu subgentu maybe which includes it, it irai; and the cam would tend
to show that the position of tin- flowers is nut in all cases a character on which much n lut» < can be placed.

The last and most numerous section of Lilies i- called Martagón by EwOI H HKK, and ¡ui-tudcs sH
with osrnuous flowers and much-recurved It maj be again subdivided into the American group, with
irregular bulbs, like /,. rntisánsif and /. ffimUdU, and into the Old-World group, with solid
regular bulbs, like Hanttmi, monadtlphum. and chaletdonieum. But here, again, we hare several plant- puSSSHlillfl
character« which will not allow them to fall into what would be otherwise a Very convenient arrangement •
L. Isirktlmi being much more akin to /.. tigrinum than to the true Martagón-, and L. tenuifotium not only
saving a quite peculiar bulli-structure, but being, as regards its duration, little more than a triennial,
others, such as monadtlphum and pyrenaieum, take eight or ten year* to develop from seed into tl
ft
•••• ipuj-WÊÊ WM

»m INTItom'íTION

To recapitulate briefly, I find that il» subgenera «hieb haw been proponed in this genus arc not,
except in the case of Orrfiwr»,««., really natural; or if they arc natural as regards certain species they
are not so for othcni I should therefore prefer to drop tluu. entirely. IV genus is not so Ian?.- or so
divers« a* to require the maintenance of artificial group» such as these seem to be; ami though 1 will indicate
i!a affinities of the different specie-, together with the principal characters l.y which they-may be recognized,
1 «ill not pretend to rapport an arrangement which cannot, a* I think, U- dissected by a careful obeemr
without revealing imperfection- and errors,

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION.
The Lilies have a somewhat peculiar gaographica] distribution, being band nearly all over the temperate
Bom of the Old and New Worlds, bot, with the exception of three or four species (all of which belong to the
AWIWM section), nowhere within the tropics. As far as our presea! knowledge intends, they an absent from
the immense tract of country between tin- Caspian Sen and Waatern China, though the mountain-range- of
Turkestan may be found to contain Bonn as yet unknown speciet,

The climatic conditions which seem to favour their growth arc a moderately cold winter of short
duration, and a warm spring and summer with considerable moisture. Thus wc find them absent from those
parts of Europe and Asia which are subject to perennial or periodical seasons of severe drought. The two
centres in which their headquarters seem to be arc Japan, with about twelve indigenous species, and California,
with eight or nine. The Himalaya Mountains, where the climatic and other conditions stem very favourable
are not BO prolific as might be expected, only five specie» occurring there, whilst in Europe wc have leren,
and in the Eastern States of North America five or six.

Except in the case of the Kuliriim group (which are subtropical), none of the sections seem to favour one
Country or continent more than another; but the bulbs of Lilies belonging to different sections seem to have
similar modifie;ii.ions in the same country. For instance, all those with stolouiferous bulbs are North-American,
and all those with large oblique bulbs are Californien : whilst no European or Asiatic Lily has a bulb which
could be mistaken for an American specie» by any one who was at all conversant with their peculiarities.

The annexed Map will show, as nearly a* is possible on so small a scale, the habitat of the known
species, thiimdi it is of course understood that the boundaries of their distribution cannot be indicated by the
colouring when several of the species occur together in one district.

It will be noticed that there are some curions anomalies in their distribution, which coincides with that
of no other genus which I can call to mind. In the Enlirian group We have a case which resembles that of
many animals and birds in the same region. We find /,. nilyherrifHtt and /.. pkMppwrnsr confined to isolated
mountain-ranges, and separated from any of their congeners by nearly 1000 miles of sea, or by a great extenl
of land, which, being unsuited, on account of its climate, to the requirements of Lilies, is a perfect liarrier
against the extension of their range.

In the same way wc find many birds confined to the isolated hill-rc/inns of Southern India, whose nearest
allies are in the Himalaya Mountains; but if the analogy between birds and plants holds good, 1 should expect
to find Lilies in the high mountains of Jnva and Sumatra rather than in Luzon, whose fauna is less akin to that
of South-eastern Asia than the faunas of Java, Sumatra, and Borneo.

Another point worthy of notice is the great difference between the Lilies of the Atlantic and Pacifie States•
thus establishing the fact, which has been so clearly shown by I'aor. ASA CHA Y and SIK Joexra HoOKBK,
that the zones of distribution of plants in the United States arc longitudinal rather than latitudinal, and thut
the flora of the Pacific Mates has inin-h less in common with that of the Eastern States than would IN-expected
Ok
•h

• tata

<**•
»-*•"•
^•i

• .UAIIIIi Al. DlSTIttBI HOS "I IIIII ••


INTKODI ( nON

Tlie range of /.. pfrtna¡tnm i- perhaps the imw curious of ail, and cannot IH- accounted foc bj any

known cante. An inhabitant of On Pyrenees, uml perbapt <it' Central Spain, il ¡a also found in Bosnia and

Transylvania, but is entire)] sbtenl <"><» the whole of the Alps of Central Europe (where it i- represented by

L. pompomum and /.. rarm>,lkum). and again reappears, in the same or a very close)] allied form, in the monntains

of LttJstan, at the south-east corner of the Blaok Sea.


s
Ihc Lillet of North-eastern Isia arc much mort specialized, and han lemblance to tin.-t of

Europe than analogy irould lead us to suppose. /. aVwarieasi is the only one which can be railed • local

variety i>f any European plant by the most determined advocate for the unity »f specks, whilst a great majorit]

of the birds, plants, and insects of East Siberia in remaikaUj Similar t" those »f Europe. To the Lilie» of

Nortli Japan, however, m- titiJ tin dOMBt similarity, -everal of the ipe M -. inch a< /.. IliiH.tniii, I,, arrnaceum, aud

/, callosum, h.-itiit identical in Japan and on the mainland.

The following Table shows the habitats ->f all the Lilies -.•

1. /. (it i .1 China.
2 /. ffjantmP* • Ni|«l. Sikin, Khads lull., ami mobahlj Ku»t Tibet.
lahad al I
1 /. H'tüickiaiwm Kasaacn, sad panant Xipal
J, /. afpefaia Xipal.
8. L itily'itrrimtr. Mountain fS am India aba ation.
7. L lonyiflomm . . Bbatbsm snd Oentml Chfau, pi Ponaos», Loads i • Soatb Japan
s. /.. Bramai . . . Usndi ofOotsan archipelago, and probably adjacent mainland.
• . i ranean, in wreral • gh ln>w
fur milijrnion« in nerj doubtfol
10. L. (reaUakttdaSaatM i, ami «outhwanl in ¡Sana Kesada.
11. I. ¡•'•rjiurtum ruje of California. Marin t.. BimbdUt SOB)
12. /.. /'«rryr . . San lt<Triar.lii • I
earn. .
11. /.. j«l«>HÍrum Central uml Booth Japan
l't. L. auratttm . , Central am! South Japan.
IS. / pkUaA Canada, wsst to (hi s an. ami south n \ aaandtbloi
17. /.. mr'ir•h*ilr3 , Japan.
18, / ...«.-.,!,.r . . N in (iiiria, tfongolia, sau Ispsn.
• I'gnu* . .
20. h. Jatnrirtim Eutern SüMTI». anil |xrluipa Japan.
21. It, rromtiH . . Al|i«
22 I./•ulUfrram Aln> of Ontnd Europe from Ft so hi i
23. L i North Cuín., i Klorida, and Mi« *»i¡i|»i
.1. /. Dstidi.
2*«. /•• cassnbasi. Canail.i t. uml nuth
20. L. »uptrimn . . \.« Bnuawick to 0 -"iitlmrarda.
27 L. e<tr>jlttiittnvm. (feorpi rall)!i nf ihiiM- t«.. .¡»rie. 01 » " •
Into earh ntlMT, esnnot ba di:
miewn . rra Nevada, from I >.trd
29. It. form . . loi >regon.
SO. /, tvlmmiimmi. Itritnh Oolnmbia i irnta
31. L. maritimum Marín sad I ' ruia.
H / /.; MM . •

: / • j««a . . i | - •:

:: i I l: - S.E. S N (h Japan.
. i Siberia N ru Japan.
H, / i,u,MnMpk«m
:;7 / fifriitum • .
If / Eat •'"•«< . . Japan.
fansa
40. /,. rnllmam . . Japan land.
41 /, Inmifolimm .
42. !.. polfphjllum N \N Himalaya», :
43. !.. -rfprinlnni
)1 / halrt<io*ic«>n Oreece, and pmbably Albania awl Central Turkey
46. /,. cvntiolintm
| mponiHtn A11 >» of Ijnubarily.
47. A. pymaimm . Pyren-. ; Uiuiia, and prrhap« Ijuirtan.
i
•RUH

INTKODWrinN

CULTURE.

Tliough I have given dh-ectiom for Ute cultivation of Uw various kind* of Lifica in the body of aie
work, \« t I think sonic general rein irk- on the subject may be of use.

It i- evident] from the large «mount of correspondence which has appeared on tin- inbjeet in die
liortii-uliiM.il papers, that great diversity of opinion exista cm the question; and though sow writers profess to
be able, b> following OUI certain théorie« of culture, to ensure suco »s, yet experience ha» shown that no amount
of care or skill will enable us to grow Lilies mile• the natural conditions of climate are favourable.

I kin>" of mi plants which -nin t<> liave such uncertain and incomprehensible constitution» (if that term
can \K fitly applied to plants) as Lilies ; and I am more and more inclined to believe that in HMD] eases they arc
nut truly perennial. Whether this is the case or not, it is a fact (which no experienced Lily-grower will deny) that
ju-t ¡is the perfection of dcNclnpuicut i- attained, and the plant appears to he as nourishing as possible, a rapid
decline in vigour comes on, without any apparent cause, and is followed by death, or by such complete
exhaustion and collapse that any further pains and care are in most cases thrown away.

These remarks must not, however, be applied to all Lilies, a» there arc several species (such as
/• caiiilitliim, /,. lnH>i/imw, I.. Afar/ago», and /-. califarmtum) which may be grown with reasonable care almost
anywhere, while others (such a» L Caletttti, I.. H'aUichiaitum, L. arrnactum. and /,. irashim/loiiinnnm) have
repeatedly haftlcd the skill of the most experienced horticulturists.

lleforc considering the causes of this want of success, it will be well to examine the general oondr
under which Lilies grow in their native countries; and there arc three points worthy of especial notice : •

First, a considerable degree of summer heat is requisite; and though this may be accompanied, as in
Central Europe and the United Stat. re cold in winter without injury, yet we do not titid Lilies thrive
»ell in a cold, wet summer

Secondly, we find that a «rood deal of moisture is necessary during the growing-season, either in the form
of rain or mist. Long and severe droughts an- nut characteristic of any country where Lilies are abundant ; or
if they occur (a- in parts of California and Southern Euroi>c), we find Lilies only at considerable elevation-. Of
growing in marsh] and moist places.

Lastly, it seems to IK- almost universally the ease, that the partial shade afforded by grass and weeds, or
overhanging shrub-, i- a iiece•arj condition for their health; and perhaps this in cultivation i« Overlooked more
often than any thing else. I have repeatedly found some varieties thriving in out-of-the-way comers, where they
WON almost buried in rank wood* and gra*s and ipiite uueared for; whilst the same plants in rich soil, but
exposed to the -un. »en- weak and uiihcalth).

Protection from wind, from spring frosts, and from the baking of the -oil by exposure to sun, arc, I think.
the most important points to be Considered ; and if combined with these conditions WS can obtain moisture at the
root, and a Considerable degree of warmth in summer and autumn, there i- little duubt of -nice• with the majority
of species.

Hieb -ml. bowevt i. i- of no u-c, unie.- it i- sweat an 1 »ell drained, ,i« One find-, in pot-cultivation, that
the root- «rill no' occupy the good soil provided for them if it is at all sour or sticky. 'IV constituents of the
soil are, in my opinion, not -o important a- it- condition ¡ for though MOM l.ilii-, -neh a- HMOOt UM and tuprthum,
certainly pu fn a considerable admixtun >•( pent,and refuse to grow in soil containing lime, whilst others, snob as

•aal
INTKtllUTTIoN \i

moHade/p/-*»! and caiidiJum. do best in a rather heavy loam, >ct the right choree of moisture M redi) f.ir more
important (o their well-being than the nature of the Mil.

The great drawbacks we have to contend with in England are:•the heavy Mid raina of autumn and
H«, winter, acting on the soil at a time when thi mOBl inactive, and tbOTcbj frcipicntU causing them to
rot ; and the late spring fro-t-, which injure the shouts when fast appearing above ground.

Perfect drainage «ill no doubt help the plants to endure the fint uf these evils; and artificial protection
will secure them, in i I, against the second; whilst a liberal mulching of light m inure, leaves, or oocoanut-
tibre. will keep the ground from becoming dried up in rammer.

'Hie insect |>e»ts which affect Lilies QQgfl severely are l/hide», or green lliea (which arc most injurious to
them «Inn grown under glass, and mast be thorough!; kept down bj fumigation and syringing), and a m
white insect which is generally found in abundance in the bulbs of unhealthy plant- (but which i-, 1 belt
rather the reçut than th, cause ol átsea* ) \ fungoid disease, resembling what ¡« called "spot " in orchids, is
Often Observed to attack the leaves of Japan Lilies in wet eld weather, and i-, 1 havi DO doubt, caused b) want
of warmth. Thi «li-< .i-^ «hieb destroys so man] Ibousandi of ¡.ilium uuratmu docs not, however, aeem to be
lar character, but is more probably Canted by a lack of moisture at the roots, or the exposure of the bulbs i,,
the «un. The sudden shedding «.t h avt -, bowevi r, and dt ath, whit li -. often disappoint all one's hopes with this
i verj capricious: and perhaps, out of a hundred plants growing ander preciad] similar conditions, only
twenty, thirty, or fiftj may suffer, whilst the rest remain health) ami Bower welt

sim-t the preceding »a- written, we have experienced in England one of the most protracted and -eure
winters, followed by one of the coldest and wettest rammen ever known; and tin result- hare be a (as I anticipated )
most di-a-trous to Lilies. My own losses hart been - o great that I have almost despaired of replacing them; and
though in the drier -oils of the eastern ami southern counties I belicvt there ban been fewer death-, yet I fear
the cultivation of these favourite ¡liants ha- received .1 -. vere check. Perhaps the ino-t remarkable case was that
of a long bed of California!) Lilies, lUOStl] varieties of /- ca/i/vniiniw These had 1 • perfect]] established in
large clump-, and came up m ' with iinu-ual strength. After the] had grown fire OT dx 1.1 ! high, and
inmost casts produced nutnerou- hud«, the] becat with blotch.« of decay, which spread rapidly ovei
whole plant. Week after week of dull and SUnlCM or wet weather had apparently induced a «mut what
similar duease to that which destroyed the potatoe-crops so generall] ¡n 1879 . and the resalí »as that thej • li « < I
off either without flowering, or with onlj • few poor half-opened budi
1:«

A parcel of these stem« was rabmitted to the Rev. M J. Buucaxar, whose experience in the fungoid
diseases of plant-l- unrivalled III- report, a- printed in the 'Gardeners' Chronicle,' Aii' S3, 1879, is us
follow-

I i.e l.ihe. became s favourite subject of cultivation, amateur- have mourned over their tcndenC] to
becooaa spotted and unhealthy. From time to turn speebnci, ¡ bj one of our most zealous
d**" and intelligent cultivator- to tin I SOI ntilii Committee of the Royal Bofticull •>, l,ut without .In iting
any thins at all satisfactory. No treatment or eh- Bed to have our own
experience i« inexact accordance. Whether fa the conservatory or in tin open air, we have never foiled to
specimens in a wretched condition, ami -omitimrs belonging to the very commonest ipet i Nothing, bo«.
ha- ev.r .«juallul, a- regard- condition, what we now have before u-. The di-ea-t i, no tinned to inert
»potting, but affects the whole plant, extending even tO the bulb, which will «.»on IH HI a-dip' ,i. ..- tin
plant itself. No potatoe-Stem affected with the t'rroixupora xva« ever in a worse state than what «
us. The condition may perhaps have been aggravated by the fact that, though the bundle of stems weight d bard)
•hove eight ounces, an extraordinary luat h.nl been produced by their decomposition, which tir-t at Ira.'
b] the remue i etui »f the Utter which accompanied then A- the m.i-s was -.. -mall, it was immediate]]
,<<*

y
•••••i

Xli INTRODUCTIOJI.

conjectured thai ilu- heat musl have arUm from u peculiar teodenc] to decomposition. The consequent chonga
of colour in tin- »ills penetrate* deep into the tbauea of tin sioru; and in part* the leaves ar. ut.« ;i
grkitimtiis mas*. At the same time then i- no certain indication of the cause. 'Hiere ¡s not a trace of any
parasite except hlrromn pot/fOMti, DC'., in nn i arlj ttaft of growth: and iv.i -upp i-iug llr.it the spotting
«•en connected with this (which ¡- not impossible Ihm whet «re know of 4ileroma r<mr, which is s<> destructive
this year), we fear that the dual matderati ¡is In to many other cases of disease, is not likely to suggest a
I oesible remedy."

Tlii- somewhat iiielaiuliiily report is, I am afraid, all 1 can add to the question «if Lily disease. Mi». (• I'
WILSON beber« that exposure t n and wind is (he primary cause of the disease; but if so, how is it that ne
often see a quantity i>f Lilie« in a greenhouse go otl in just the same sort of way, and without any exposure at all}
Truly the matter is at present inexplicable; for it often occurs that, in the same house or bed where these sad
death-, arc taldog place, Other plants of the same species arc flourishing exceedingly, and I know that even in the
summer of 1»"!» Lilies did well in some phi

If I were about to recommence the cultivation of Lilies, I should build a house or frame on purpose lot
them, arranged, as nearly M possible, in the following manner:•

A span-roofed pit should be made in a .sheltered situation, with the ends farina north and south, sunk
about three feet in the «round, and having an entrance at one end, with a narrow path down the centre. The
lights should lie made either to slide down and take off like the lights of a fr.inu . or si hinged that the pit could
be completely thrown open when desired. I think this important, because the complete exposure of the plants to
springand summer rains when not too violent i- of more benefit to them than any amount of syringing or watering ,
and by lifting or drawing off the lights, and replacing thrm with some shading material in hot -unny weather, we
avoid the burning and drying up of the soil, which is so difficult to prevent1 under a fixed glass roof.

No heating-apparatus would be necessary, as the dight frost which might penetrate the hou-i m vci \
severe weather would not injure the plants when in a dormant condition. The brick sides of the pit would be
about a foot or eighteen inches above the ground-level, and might have ventilators of pierced zinc to break the
draught. The beds would be built up with brick to about ground-level; and the height of the ridge from tin-
earth should I« not less than seven h et. or more if it be desired to grow many plants of /.iVrnin auralum. The
beds would be composed of a drainage of !l or III inches of broken bricks, stone, or tiles, covered by some soils
of good soil laid over then, and filled in with about two feet of a compost consisting of alxml half light loam,
one quarter coarse sand, and one quarter loose fibrous peal, well bmken up and mixed together. A part of the
beds night have a mixture without peat, and another part should be composed of half peat and a quarter leaf-
mould ; hut care must be taken that any leaf-mould used for Lilies is thoroughly rotten and free from fungoid growth.
Decayed cocoanut-fihrc has been found an admirable substitute for leaf-mould, and may even be used instead
of peat, though I should prefer the latter when of good quality. A good sprinkling of broken crocks, small
stones, or «hau coarse gravel may be mixed with advantage through the whoh miss of soil ; and a mixture of
broken charcoal is also advantageous, as until the roots of the plants have occupied the soil there is always a
risk of its becoming sour; and I believe thai charcoal will not only prevent this, hut also enrich the soil

If the house could be planted with bulbs already well rooted and established in pots, I should prefer it. as
•nWBg a number Of purchased bulbs there will «l\\a\» be many failure-, and tin re is some danger of their decay
affecting the soil, [f however, the entire stock of plants was purchased, I would not plant them out till they had
begun to make root, as it frequently happens that bulbs which hare ben lifted and -evenly checked lie donnant
for several months; and when in this state they are likely to rot if kept at all wet,

In a part of the house a bed should IK- kepi for plunging plants in pot*, MI that newly imported bulbs
INTRODI <TI()\ XIII

migbl I» kl pi m -mill pott until they had made a good »tart. However large a bulb ma\ 1M-, and whatever depth
of soil it may require when established, it i- alvxax- good policy to »tart it in a »mall pot, and cither shift it to a
larger one >>r plant it out when well rooted. It is also unwise to put more than one newly imported bull» in the

••5 »ame pot, or to plant a number together) where • good affect it desired, until their moon of flowering has been
[Mined. It frequently occur- that in a hatch of imported bulbs of /.. auratum und others, »nine will begin to
lower in June and July, ¡md other« not I* fore September, October, or even November ; and the beauty of a pot of
elump i- some«hat marred when withered stem- are mixed with those in flower.

"•"«•s, When onr lily-house his been mu> established, H will IK- ncwimr) to keep • most careful look-out for
Aphides, which, II and allowed to get -trou',', will hide tin iii-el\e» in the yOU&g leaves, and do much damage

•Wrta*,, unseen, A frequent and regular fumigation in spring and summer is essential to keep them in check ; and if this
i» dem regularly, the cultivator may be at < is., u Hither thrips, mealy-bug, or red spider is to be feared in an
nnln.,i..l liuiis. The lights should In- thrown olf whenever the weather is warm and pleasant, and w hem v.r
then i- I nice mild rain. If nom Mb, I thorough good soaking of soft water should be giv.u ffPy-asiftnsll] to
all plants which are well rooted and growing freely, and more modérate supplies to the rest. A good syringing
when the bOUSC is shut up in the evening during the spring and summer months is also of great advantage.

During hot »uniiv Weather the light- should be removed, and replaced by a shading of tiffany or some
similar material ; and care iuu»t be taken on DO occasion to bum the plants by keeping the lights on without
-hid. . for though some of them will stand a great deal of direct sunshine without apparent injury, yet sei
results orten ensue.

As soon as the Lih-grower is fairly acquainted with the various species, which only experience can make
him, he will be abli to -el.«t foi himself tho.e -pceics which he prefers, Uanj Lilies are muntisfactory plants
v, ami will problhlj disappear of their own accord in a year or two.

In purchasing bulbs, let him ilways •1,,-t those which are plump and fresh, though of moderate
dimension» ¡ the largest butha an rarely lli, best Lei him endeavour to procure all home-grown varieties us
soon as po-s]!i|, after tin \ have been tak. n up in autumn ; for if kept in sand or roroanut-hbrc all the winter,
i- often dom bj nurserymen, the] mast lot rama of their moisture, and will be slow in beginning growth.
With regard to imported bulbs, however, those are usually heal which arrhx in January and I
for if taken up m Japan early enough to allow them to IK- sold in England befor. tin i-tiua». they are often
imperfectly matured.

Can should always be taken, when purchasing bulbs during or after a severe fr»»t. to see that they are
not effected, M mach loss is often incurred by this cause: ami for -ending bulb- to Meodl, Il borne or abroad,
uiild Weath i should alway - h

With regard la packing Lily-bulba I CU add little t" what I have s;,¡,| oi »peaking of /. p&iAJnStMUM
Tlie great point i» to ofaw m the happy inediuin between ton much moi-ture and the reverse, and to pack them
s<> lightly that, without crushing, tin y may kicp firm in the box.

During the last two yean i new moda <>f cultivating Lilie- ha» been suggested ami put into practice by
MK \VII»,,S, at Wcy bridge. Tliis gentleman, believing that want of »belter was the main cause of failure m
man) instances, ha- laid out a pi..-, of boggy woodland as a wild garden, and planted in it thousands of Lilie» in
various positions. Though I have no doubt that, if the various bed» are kept from being overgrown by rank
«...I- .in.l fora, man] ,.f them will prov • il, the s,,¡| bens. 'able for most of the species,
yst I am inclined t.. think that the shade of the trees is too gi. • nt, and that in a dry summer their roots
will -uck up so much of the moisture that th. Lines will -urn r in resequence.

I»*
WM-
••••• WM 0!

IVIKObl CTI<>\

Considering, however, Ehe M rj unfavourable season oí 1879, and tin- «.mt of tina to establish the pi u
MR \VIIM.\- esperinu ut promises, a considerable an . i-certainly • verj interesting one.
I am not, however, inclined ti> believe that he will succeed in establishing all or nearly all the Lilies in a wood
any more thuii in a garden ; and. considering the varied nature of their habitats, it i» not to be expected that he
should in all cases succeed.

A theory which lus bien started and written on at great length by a correspondent of 'The Garden'
signing himself "DOMKMK," a-to tin annual renewal of tin bulbs of Lilies, i», I belie*«, founded on an entire
mhepprchenstoo of the functions of their bulbs.

Tin- "liter, as far a» 1 can understand lii- very lengthy communication*, maintains that the bulb of a Lily
i~ completely absorbed by the flowering stem, and entirely renewed annually by a new growth of - cab - in its
interior, lie reason» therefrom that the proper season to lift and transplant the bulbs of Lilies is immediately
after the flowers have withered. The generally received opinion that the leaves of the plant have considerable
influence in maturing the irrowth of the bulb, anil assisting it to store up the necessary nourishment for the next
year's Bower-Stem, is ridiculed by this writer; hut, in the correspondence which took place in -Tln- Garden,' his
theory "a-. 1 think, successfully disproved by several of our best Lily-growers. I believe myself that a coiitiuunii-
crowth of MW seules from the avis of the bulb is constantly taking place at all seasons, though much more
actively in the spring and summer, and that thi- growth only ceases «lieu the bulb has attained its maximum
developnienl or wlnn checked by removal, or by sonn- other cause affecting its health. Tile development of the
seedling plants a- examined by M. DITIMIITRS certainly liears out this opinion.

The propagation of Lilies is effected in various ways :•tirst, by division of the bulbs, which increase
rapidly in most of the European and in many of the American and Japanese species ; secondly, by planting the
bulbWta which are formed in the axils of the leaves of L. lufrimtm and L, bttlblferum, and at the crown of the
bulb or on the base of the stem in many other species ; thirdly, by seed, which, though a tedious and sonn «hit
dillii ult process, i-, in many cases, the only way by which an increase can be obtained. For instance, L. H'ashing-
lonianum, IhuiMilli, ruftimbiantitti, polyphylluR». Caletbtri, philaJrlphieum, never, as far as I have seen, increase
themselves bj division or bulbhts, whilst in the case of L. giganteum, corJi/olwm, lemtifulium, and pulthrlliim seeding
seems to be the normul manner of reproduction. Judging from the group» in which we find Lilies growing in
their native habitat», many specie», sueh as L. croeeum and L. pyrrnaicum, which in gardens increase more readily
by offsets, are propagated by seed under natural conditions.

Germination takes place very irregularly in different species, and according to the time at which the seeds
are sown. As a rule, it may be said that, if sown as soon as ripe, the seed will germinate in spring ; but under
gla^- it often conies up sooner, a- in tin ca«c of I., letini/nlium and L lonyijtoruta. If tin seed H kept till spring
before rawing, it usually lies a year before germinating, and sometime« lange) . uni if more than -ix months old,
it very often «loe» not come up at all.

Tlie ont] seeds of U ca«didum which I ever »owed came up in September, at the sann- nun u the
autumnal leave» of the parent plant ; and I have observed that the germination of the seeds of other bulliou-
plants usually takes place at the -.inn turn a- tin• vt ¡fetation of the same plant. The seeds should IK sown ill
box« » or in a frame, about a quarter of an inch deep, in light soil : and the ground should I"- made tolerable tirm
under them. If sown in pot», tli.y must be kept plunged, or the young bulbs will soon lie Starved ; and as »INIII
a» »Irons enough they should 1H- turned out into a frame,

\ seedling UHH gron very -lowly for two or three year», they should not lie planted in till open ground
at tirst . ami careful watch iiiu-l be kept against slug-, which will devour the kam >.f -eon- in a single night.
Mow i- rerj apt to •¿v* over the »oil and choke Hum ; drought is ah i very injurious ; so dut, from one canse
or another, it i- astonishing bow small a proporthM of seedttni l.iin i era i out to the flowermi stag) i oi
INTRODUCTION n

two species, such a- A. /uMyyfi/ruiw ami I., lenul/olium, will Bowel the third Mann after sowing; hut the majority,
and especially UM Martagón group, take six to ten years before they attain flowering lue.
'<*>
It lias been supposed by SOnU that the constitution of Japan Lilies may he improved by raising then from
-.ni in this country ; and then ¡s no doubt something to be said for this theory ; hut, putting aside tin- extreme
care and patience which are necessary, I think experience shows that deterioration of size ami colour is tli
rc-ult. Certainly (lie Japan Lilies which are cultivated by thousand* in Holland are inferior in the size and
tint of their flower- to those im]>orted from their native count I) ; and though 1 believe this is not the CUC in
i, v,t thecthnati of the New-England Stain i- much more like that of Japan than is the climate of
Holland or England. I have not noticed that the home-grown bulbs ot* /• auralum, which have succeeded so
admirably in the garden of MR, M'lsrosn, are inure easy to grow in my own garden than imported one- ; and
though I believe H•M, WATBHEH anil NoiiLi: ha\e found the soil of their nurseries very favourable for the
nation of Japan Lili' -. yet I believe we shall always be more or Us- dependent on a foreign supply to keep
Up our Mock.

A fourth mode of propagation is bj -i-.il. -. and consists in pulling off the scales of sound bull» and
planting 'hem separately, when, in some cases, small bulhlets are formed at the base of the scale, which in time
grow to lie bullís. This mode is most commonly adopted with /,. s/ieaotum and /. anratim.

The hybridisation of Lilies bus bien attempted by many cultivators, but seem- to have produced little le-ult .
and In many > a-. -. when all mi in- have been taken to remove the anthers of the seed-bearing plant before
maturity, the produce has shown little variation from the parental type ». Soma of the varieties ofOrangt tifies
now in cultivation are supposed to haw d bv crossing /.. rttyans with /. trod "«i ; and plant- are -ometimes
M which prisent characters leading one to suppose that they mav IK hybrids between Other
Species. Tlie only Well-known ca-i - in which there Bppean to have Ix-eu a decided -ucee• ill CTOMfag an tin.-.
of /. tistacmm (whichis believed with good reason to be the result of a cross between L. e&akttbniam and
/, caiidtiliint) and /.. Parkmanm (which was raised in America bv .i- : / mroMm andL. ajwesssinw). Other
luppoaed bybrida have bun mentioned in the gardening papers, most of which have an Ami rii igfa; bul from
some nun or other the] do not maintain theii position, asd either die awaj from • détint« constitution, or lose
the chencteri Which murk them. A wide field, however, i- ..[.mm tin- direction to the patieul observer, a- there
seems to be no physiological reason whj Lili»-, should not be subject to tin -aim laws .1- othi r planti

* Fur further particular* on tin« »ulyrrt tee tbc acoouut i.f /-. /*«.Imtmmmi.

OS»*"

*****
LILIU.M PHILIPPINENSE.

1 nu-: nimrpiNE Li i.V.

Ijlivm l'kitippeni- i : Baker. Gard ( • " .. p. 1111. cum ¡cone; J.mrn I - . I'. • in p. 228 1«7II

Bulbo» ovoidcu». pa lalii ruuuoccpludu« «rax-ili« Irr« «labcr viridt» vel purpureo marulatut.
•pam »emlia falcato-patcnlia anuu*tc lincaria 8-5 poll. 1..,.i. || •_• fin, lit.,, glabra iiiti.K- riridia trim-nata. IVriantliium
Ins propc ba»in i \¡t. r viriili tiurtiun II louguai, tebo pmpo aMdhua
¡a longr ongslealatit ad béent mnrtae lopetiorb If
facie plnni» ¡mpiiuri ri«, carina ob- 9 na (lerianthio paulo brcviora filamcnti- I ¡malm
5-6 polL longtt, uitheru 2J:ï Un. loinri», pallia : Stylo araovarfop idiota.

Iln>: Inmln Luzon in m< Bengasi, all oflorCBS(/ PI i» invcnit).

Bulb OToid. perennial, reseniiilin;; that of A. loMfi/torum, but «mailer and more pointed at i 5) • l-'J livt high, hardl]
ick ai a quill, ten i or mottle«l with pa I I'-tO, »cattcrcd all down tjie -
• diltmnri of the flower to tlie very base, uprcading, 5-Ö inches long, II 1 Una broad,
narrowed to I 1 on<r not materiallyr Is I la than the n¡»j-< r COM Flow-, r »'lit
Ij inclined upwards, pare white, with aal) a faint tinga of gra
sanada towards tin base, with a aleaaaat scent like thai I ft-nm: the most narrowly runnel-ehaped of i
l - } inch thick at the bate, not being re than J ¡ml.
¡nein« up (probably in «¡Id (Desuneu talker thirkiri; il Mi
teal lircailtb n quarter of the way down, outer mcn»ur<' 16 line» nnd the ii i acron. 1'
: below the i'a-i- of ma Bower¡ filament» -
which are n quarter of an inch la g, with yeUoe polk B, • the ihroal of the expel
,. with tin r.Mirs within half an inch a» long ai the »egmeiit», vo thai
•own al pre»

1|MIK beautiful plant with which 1 hare chosen to oosnmctic« my work is one a« yet hardly known either to
mi-t» or hi>rtiiulturi»t- ; ami a» it only c\i--t» In a Iï% IH-LT -t.iti- m tin- hands of Mums, \i.in n ¡mil SoNO,
of Chelsea»! must exprese mj sen«: of gratitude to these gentlemen for allowing HMtO UM their (liant for the
illustration of this work before it hu> bean distributed, to the. publie.

It- hlatorj i- H follows •Mu. (. \\ ILUS, ÛM well-known horticultural traveller and collector,being; in i»;i
on ajourne] In the Philippine Islands (the nain object of which «ras to procure the numerous end lorelj Orchids
for which theeeialsnds are e ! n redandaenttoMaaana. V ». i T • H the plant in question, which flowered
for tin tii-i t HIM in Europe, at their nuraerj la i*7:t. It was described by Ma. Baxnn In the 'Gardener's Chronicle
for August S3, i*r:t. where a figure of it i- alao giren. The occurrence "f • l.ily in a country «lore tb« regt lotion,
M i., i .i~ known, is of an easentiallj tropka] nature, though quite unexpected, i- not so exttaordhnw] as :t al first
appears- tin Ptuuppmc Islands baring, with regard t,, the geographkal distribution of their fovna and flora, main
points in common with China, the Himalaya, and Southern India, m all of which regions l.iln -. and Lilies of the
•una - inriea), an found With the ntfeptlfla of /.. aájsaerrÍMse, bowerer, it lathe only Lily found
within the tropics (uni - / fifbnm, which OCCUra m Pornn ihcrj ; and these arc liotl,
dcuiicn* ni" high mountains, »lure the cliiuutc i- very different, both as regard» t, mp latin, and moi-ture. from
thai .if the surrounding phuna,

Through the courtesy of lia W uxia I am enabled to add some information oa the discovery and habitat of
this pbrnt, and tianskte from hb letter a- follows "It was m thi beginning of July IMTI, when 1 was in the
• land of Lu/.im, at an deration of 7<»»"> feet, that I«, : with tin« magnificent
Hu- spot acquired fbt kann, as 1 found in the «ame place a Rho lodi adroo with pure
white ti,iwci>. ami qn i.íly to be brought into initiation.

"If the i I to he the eanhl a and modesty, il i« mdn thb charming neu
the MM of whose Bower la, in proportion to that of the stem and leaves, gn it On iteep
»lure hardly any otherrtowtr appears, it i- found half-concealed among the grass,and betray» its j much
by the i ami, linns of it» perfume a» by the dazzling whiteness of it» flower». The stem, hardly thicker tl
• •I

quill, and dotted with umauallj IM and grass-like leave», is not more than from a-i« inch« high, while the
Bower, which ¡a rather inclined upward) than horizontal, It from 8 10 inch« lung. It teem* lo prefer dopet
where the ami i- poor rather than rich, and grow* by hundred* ¡u -mall patela*, partiall; shaded by overhanging
The toi] It of a terj light nature, allowing the abundanl moisture to pa« off freely, and is composed of a
re of loam with decompoted trachyte and coralline haustOM. i trcea which grow in the vicinity a
of speck - ni • ! tau, llhtjdndtHclr't», Sentíate*, sdaJophullum, Melaatomooco), Cmaalpinaccaa, and aoma stately
i rohalptnc character of the situation, however, it Utter tbown hy the herbaceoui plant», among
which art inciuded speciea of Viola, t'«K>pitHulti, and Anrmnuf. Lower down the mountain Orchidt and other
tropical plant- wart abundant. Among thott thai 1 particularly noticed were C'yprlpettium aryii* and a Vypripedium
PI bung iiUasmn. With regard to the probability of other tpeCMt of lilj I Dating in the Philippines I can -ay
but little, the uioiintaiii-inij. - of these island- (which attain the elevation of 10,000 feet or more) being almost
unexplored. In the island* of Mindanao and Miadoro, owing to the piratical habits of the nativo, it in almost
.lile to travel, though 1 have no doubt many tine discoveries might be made there The only other high
mountain» I aacended were the Mahahai range in Luzon; and here I was disappointed by finding nothing so
remarkable as in the district of Bcnguct.

•• I was afraid that the bulb» of /. philipp'mente «hen brought to tin- wann climate of Manilla would soon
decay ; hut, thank- to the vitality of their Males, each of which seems to have the power of producing a tiny
Imlblet. 1 was enabled to bring them safely to England."

1 would here add that ilu- main point to he attended to in packing the bulbs of Iahet for transport i- t .
protect them from bent and exci• ive moisture, which MOB destroys thim when deprived of tluir roots.
Thousand» of bulbs Inc. from ignoran« or inattention to tin- fact . hut, on the other hand, care should
iu taken not to allow tlum to becoiue ovcrdry fini» eipOSUK to the air. which soon shrivels up the Beshj Mah -
of which they are composed. No substance it better for packing small parcels of Lilies thsn cocoannt-refnse,
which can lie obtained in most parts of the world. Failing this, light vegetable soil, not too mni-t, or sawdust is
the next best thing: and care -hould always l»e taken to [Kick them so tightly that they cannot be shaken in the
IMIV. In ca-es where the plant- cannot he allowed to remain until their stems have naturally decay id in autumn,
.t - better to transplant them, with tin root- as fresh a- DOM IBM shady -pot in a garden until they are
At rest, than to pack and send them oil »hen in full growth. Before packing for a long journey, and especially
if hot climate* have to bi traversed, it is u good plan to c\pu-c them for a lew .lay- to the air, which will dry up
;n rahundant moisture of the outer scale* and render them le• liable to rot. However carefully packed,
ni"-! Lilies are still injured by a long trail-port, and do nol make health) growth for a year or more after
the] ari replanted. Grower« of Lilies, remembering this, aunt therefore not I* disappointed if the flowers of
-i.ne. new and perhaps highly prized introduction are pool and colourless, or perhaps altogether absent, for a
year Or two•but patiently waiting till the plant- have recovered their natural vigour, will be rewarded by a
display which cannot fall to give pkOSUn to those who can appreciate their delicate beauty

\\ it h regard to the culture of /. plitlippimits. I on in ml by Missii-. VKITCII that the bulbs are somewhat
. . and grow lust in a warm house in -mall ¡sots plunged iu a bed of fibre or soil. When growing they
require, like other Lilies, abuudanc* of moisture, and when at real iboald be kept plunged in a cool house where
the pots, without Watering, may never IRCOIIIC quite dry. Iu February the bulbs will start into growth in a
temperature of 88 84 ; and ÚM délicat» stem* then begin to show the character of their iianow haves. The
leave- produced by small bulbs or scales are much like the primary leaves of /, trimi/oUum. It is to be hoped
dun the stock »i tin* plant, ander 'he tendí i .are of MR. DOMRI (who i> undoubtedly one of the moat skilful
gardeners of the day in all delicate operations of plant-culture ), will toon In sufficient!) increased to enable linean*.
Vim ii to send it out. In the mean tiim let u- hope that the islands whence it came may not long remain, as at
prêtent, slmoel a terra mcoymia to naturalista
LILTU.M HANSON I.
HANSONS LILT.

I Ihnmm, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc., Bot xi», p. 245, 1874 (ex hort. Ix-nlitlin.).

L. manlatum et aermteniM, Moore, Flori«t. 1874, p. 19S; Gnrd. Ohron. 1*74. p. 2S1. t 49.

«Mum, Tim MB», pi. 6136.

/.. niraarrtim, Maxim, in Gartcnflnra. 1SC3. p. 290, in parte.

liiillm r¡ ti-jrmi «¡mili», globosut priant* compactus albidus. Caulis S-4-pedali» glatier tere« robusta« viridi-. Kolia oblanreolata
aruln viridia tmcra glabra itervi» lati-ralibus S oblii| h-t-iíitibu«, arpiadme 8-12 ¡n veincillum unirum ad nn
caulis sggregata pali-ntia «railla, reliqua sparsa, 4-5 poll, longa, npca medium S-12 ün. lala, e nnilio ad basin «<-n»¡m
aagostata, FknM 4-10 in racenium laUUII àssnasitt, TTI in uiubellam congest!, pcdirclti» emio-patentihn» 11 2 poll, lei
braetci» pnni» nvntodanceobitis. Perhuitliitim IV 1 s lin. lnngum splendide ruMlo-aurantiacum, segnunti» mini» lano
•Se' Inl« |>iofunile falcato-ir-voluti«, fiwiei dimidiii inferiore purpurco-punc-tatis, fovcnU long»
excávala pnrditi«. Filamrnta 10-12 lin. longa lutea, anthrris angnstis 4-5 lin. long», polline flan». Orarían r! rMtma
profunde »ulcatum 5-6 lin. lougum, «tjlo paulo brcvius.

//«A. JajKima, hort. liciehtlln. .t WiliOB. Victoria Gulf, N.E. Mantrlniria (/</<• Mt.xtifflwirx). Mantrlmria Kttonlia, lat.
41- 45° (WiLrotU) in Herb. Kew.). Japonia boreal» (HUGO).

med of many elnu-ly adherent white acalea, resembling that of a Tiger lily. Stem 3-1 feet high,
•tit' ring S or 4 whorl« of leave« at con«iderable interval», the lonasl one scane way from the ground. I,
narrow wbtO mnny in a whirl, broad when few, sessile, 8-4 ¡urbe» b>n¡; by } 1J broad, oblane.'nlntr nr elliptic pofatsd,
-tien.«!, dark »Inning green above, paler beneath; upper leaves statten lOtr. Flotn more,
irregularly racemose ; pednin I.- 1 1 inches long; bracta broad, green, leaf). IVrianth-scgmi ¡ IHM long, orange-
y.-llow, spreading nnd n un. il. lut ni » mach *> •' irUgtin». spotted with black towanl« the middle. Filan
•harter. 10-12 lines long: anthers narrow, 4-5 lines long; pollen yellow. Ovary clávate, deeply «ulcate, 6-6 lines long ;
stylt cáptale unknown.

'PHIS fine anil very distinct lily i- of IWJI recent introduction. ! B nainnl by Mi. RAKHI fnun | plant
in MR. LaiOHTUM** garden only I.1-1 year. A- it- history, bowerer, 1- l ktbei Ml intricate one, I «ill _'i\.
it fully.

lin plant «nu tir-t discovered by Penraaaon \1 .xiaiowicr;, tin distinguished Ilu--i.ui bravi lb r, is S
.nul Japan, about the year IsfiO, at the Victoria Gulf in Eastern Mint. Inn- 1, tin -outhcrn limit od H
territory in thoM regions, He did not, bi ipeciaUj notiee it- dûtinction from L. amaeeum, whicb .-
mili 1 it Miy >li^ht . -.1 that it i- nn ntii'iml in tin- ' Gartciitlura,' 1866, p '.".»0. a- a yellow-flowered variety ofthat
[n 1868 or I860 two or three bulbs were ecnt to the garden c/tht late BAMM VON SIIBOUI at Leydcn,
ami wen purchased u year afterwards bj MB LBICHTUH, who saw at once that it was averj distinct -i>ccics.
Ilr smw the plant ami named it after Mr. HANSON of New York, who b - «t collection« of lilies
in the world.

Before this becsBM known, bowerer, M« Wiuon had bought one or two bulbs in an odd lot .it Sterens's
Hale-room«, when tnany thousands of lilies are annually disposed of nut knowing exact)] »li.it th<;
Bari* in the following april : «eeing « stem «hoot up before any other lily had hi gun growing;
and in due time the (lower- wire produced. He exhibited the plant in June at a meeting of the Royal Horti-
cultural Societ) . and it WH figured MOI afterward- in lin G le' under the name of SOsaMlisUjai,
in the • Flori-t nud P «* ««rsj/alstsi, and in the ' Botanical Magazine,' pi. 6186, M /. maru/nliim
(ofThnnberg), with the synonym of atenamim.

MH LI ICHTIIN. however, on seeing these figures atone. d the plant, and wrote tu point out
that though the flowers and stem might be very similar to those of «remn-e«»», the bulb was remarkably dill
H
•i Bi

Thil 1 lian verified b] pcrsaad examination, having seen excellent specimens of the lauer wilh hull* in several
berbwrtl : inil though it i- not no« in cultivation, tlure can be no doubt that MR. I.EICIITI.IN i- right.

The habitat of the plant, however, »till remained unknown; for though it is certainly found in Japan,
no travellers had met with it in a wild Mute, lad it might be. like several other*, only introduced to the gardens
of Japan.

v months ago I was able to show a plant of tlii- ipeCWI m tlower to I'i I VMMOWICZ, who
at once recognized it a- what he had discovered at Victoria Gulf and previously supposed to be I- arrnaceum.
It is quite possible tliat the plant may have been known lufore, al il Ml 01 rtainly sent to America scvcr.il
md hM been again raeeired !>y MR. ll.vxsos direct from Japan; but the mystery which bong over its
origin has now been, I hope, -.iu-1'.n torily cleared up.

I maj add tfanl the name of marulalitm (Thunh.J, whirl) was thought to have been given to tin-, lily,
cannot stand, the tv|» in Thuubcrg'a own herbarium (which, through the kindness of I'HOFKSKOR
FRI IS, of I'psala, has been sent to the Kew herbarium for examination) being nothing more than a garden
| »I* /.. ilnjam,

I have seen, ¡u a Iwiok of drawings of Japanese lilies very well and truthfully done from nature. In I
native artist, unmistakable representations of both /,. llaiisum and /.. artnaetum•shoe, log that tiny are recognized
M di«iiuel by the native« of that country, aud may both be found in the northern parts of the archipelago.

The culture of this plant hi M easy that I have no dnnht it will soon become batter known in gardens.
\ small bulb stood the aeren frosl of last »inter in my garden without any protection ; and though it docs not
ripen lead in this country, it may be propagated by means of scales aud offsets. It is the earliest in growth of any
kind I know, and succeed» well in a peaty soil which doc» not become hot and dry in summer. The only seed
which has been obtained by MR. LBICHTMM gi•rminati il at once, which i» not the case with the Martagón Lilie«,
from which this plant is also distinguished by many characters of bulb, habit, ami shape of llonci».

P.S •From information I have quite recently received Brom Mu. Iloeio. an American gentleman long
i in Japan. I ban- no doubt thai the plant is found in the northern part of the Japanese arcbip
and I am promised by him a full accouut of all the lilies of thai country in tin ir «ilil ittta, about which as ye' "•
have very little knowledge),
LILIUM POMPONIU.M.
TUE rOMPO.VE LILY.

I. /.vmponium, h. Sp. 434 : Bol. Mag. t. 972 ! ; Kunth. Knum iv . Ic. «en», t. 991 ; Oren, et Godr. Hofe Flanee,
HL 1«1 . Itak.-r. J urn. Lina. Soc• Bot. vol. xiv. p. 249; Ardoino, Höre de« Alpes-Maritime*, p. 373.

/, nhntm, Lam. et DC. Gall i ¡i 213.

L. m^usfi/oltum. Mil!. Diet no. 0.

UulliuK ovoideo* pcrennii «cjuamii pluribtu lanccolati«, 2-3 poll, crawiu. Cnulii 1J-2 J-pedali». Folia anguate linearía aaren.!
Spoil, long», 1 ' lin. lata, mai^iiiib'ii miii'in-pi; Pedunculn« 2-4 poll infra racetiiura nudm I!
I ' - v ! : , ¡-til nudtiflorn«, nHimruKl apice cen lactcolati». I'crianlhiiim 1J-2 poll, longum. minmtum. intuí
! «uoi el aigro-pnnetatuia «cpnentU arete revoluti« oblanoeolatii 3-4 Un. latia. foveola glabra dniinctc excávala,
inarginibu« gUbria. Filament» 12-1 anthcri» 3-1 lin. longi« ; pollinc rainiato. Ovariiim 5-C lin. longnm. ttylo
paulo bi.iiu«. Capsula obovoidca, 1J poll, lonjra, »pie* lunbilicata aubacnte ts-angulata.

J/iit. Italia horeali« et Gallia oricuudi-meridionali« *'Alpibu Maritimii' mrose Junio rl.irens.

Bulb perennial, ovoid, whitUh. «nailer tlian that of pyrfimicum. Stem 1J-2J feet hii;l Baked
below the raceme. Leavovery numcroua, scattered, crou -¡..I, I >•. .,. 3-4 ¡riche« Ion« below by 1J-2 line« broad,
ami narrow pii uously ciliate at the ed^. -edged anil «lightly inrolled. Racen. <
or in garde» mail)-flowered. I'.dii-el« recurred at the tip«, «ometiroe« bracteolale. I'eriauth 1} 2 inch,
mini' La«, papilla*- within and minutely >|i»tteil with black, the dividon« lanceolate, reflétai from below the
toe ¡.-trove glabrom f> BM long; »tylo «lightly longer, much cut»
Uli It:1.1 long, anther» 3-4 line« long; pollen n ! | inch long, unihilicate at tin

Hab. Marilinie Alp«.

r
|^lIK 1'ompon. Lily, though well known by name. i- liy no means • common «pecics. I have united great
doubt« it" tbf Ina- plant w.i« known m our ^anh n« until recently, though ¡I 1 in tin- la-t century,
and I« »ne of tbf <rMc«t known to aefc

To Mu. (I. HAW, of Benthall, who- to all pai Mired of


plant« haw made his name so will known of late \. be attributed the credit of ,
niumîmi ol I. iwnii. imd of pointing oui i'- ifiatinction from the common garden plant of that name. It i-
iriu that Mil. BAKER, in bis but I H of the •.•uni-. pl.ic « /.. pyrmaitviH, the nd i.ni.tj of which |
pompomum of garden«, a« a variety on] itteT ; but 1 think tl >d at the time K I n Buch • plant
aa I have figured, in a In .-itld have allowed il« claims to t] I I am uoMit.d to
MR. MAW for the plant from which tin- drawing wu- made. It was procured b] him in the Lui
valle] of tin liai • Upa i» Is":' •" !
'" !"« •-•'i,i' " •! Ifeerthaul in June 1878 It may be
djstiaguiahed from jfHuáem by tha oumerotui crowded, narrow, uni rerj large anther« and
papilla. a« well a» the colour and sixe of tha llovera, which make it a handsomer plant than any vari.
,,I/CWJ« I have «een.

Mu M \w. who brought a large quantity of the bul! Uly to BUghrod lately, inform- au thai it i«
found in the following locilitii«. all of which an si« tl M Oil DU Alp« •UmtOOCQ fat about 14011 ft •
mouutaiu-i above Meutone fat about 3500 ft ' .Le Var. Graninorido, <¡ dun,
I , . | | ,lle del Mini.Ta.

IU cultivation is perfect.) «imple : and. like all the Martagón group, it only require« to In planted
in good soil and Uft umeuaturbed, when it will burease rapidly and flower : I am glad to hear
that Mi•it- Ihuii and -IGDEN have succeeded in obtaining from its native country a goo-i
plant, which will »oon become a general favourite.

• nota «ad L.<">«. '" ««*'' ' Pródromo» Hon. H•B»a»n«•.• Beanoa U»a i in lb* Kei-uuu» of Burgo«, Spain ;
but IkB probably nicn I» lb. red «iwurty of L nrt-umm
: hut they have invariablj turned mil to be of th« »jwcteseai type. 1 have nkewiae flowered •ame leedlinge
the red-beaded -n.lling auralum. malting the SJMSMSBBI tbe male parent ; and tiny have all shown on
flowering the auralum shape, bul WJ mn.1i in their markings, some being with red band» and BOOM «¡th yellow.
All these • rfanned, the anthen bring all removed before any poDea appeared on the
I i : ,, .,• • -, flowered between "><»o and <>»'» needling I.iln» of tin- sjMtnMana and
auralum varieties within tli -; and it i» remarkable bow tiny vary in ihape of the petal» and
marking- ¡ but, a» mentioned above, they have oerer ahown any decided cron between ÜM I»" kind». Of tin-
1 bare r.ii-nl pure white kiml- and pink-spotted ones <ui a white ground, liki tpedatum i>unctatum,
up to a very dark-spotted on a (hep crimson ground. In raising seedfing l.ili.» of the auralum mil •¡^riraum
kind» it i- \.n easy to see if th een them, by th. sham of the leaves and markings on the
. before the flowers appear•tb« leaves of auralum being much narrower than those of tjvrwtum. and the
•terns spotted."

LILUM AUIIATUM, VAR. WITTEL


WITTKS M I.V.

11 ! ! i" !, |i -.'. mm ieraw.

/, riryi ' II ii

Of I \( ¿ilium auralum, \.ir. it iii ,-. tittle. It mi rir»t described bj PROP. SI RJNOAB, of
tin Botanic Gardens it Leyden, as a distinct - Iron a plant in the possession of Massas J \ AN oa
l.i 11 « > » ,\ » nr,. : Ri n rd ua, who received it from J

It \-. irehaaedb] Ma. J II Ks«t^oa,of Haarlem,who ia probably tbi largest grower ol I


'In world, dm, nol only for the kindm -» with which he ha« always placed at my
disposal his great knowledgi - and bulbous pi ,ily. but also for allowing me to have th« Plate,
which was «Iran Uthograpbed for this w..rk Curiously enough, at the M ry time thai MK. I'm a
agaged in doing I mam auralum, which I liad purchased in thi g winter imraaf a lot,
produced four sterna, each bearing on. esactlj like the figure of Ma, Kusv*c«'a pknl thai
W H tod exhibited, OU more than one OCCSSBOO, h)
aid M lähm or/uuttc, is, I think, the »ame, or alin.i-i tin »on., variety; and I am informed by
Mu. \\ I1-..S. . ' .,|. ont of fort] from /.. auralum, three produced Bowers
icmbling thia. Hie mal Fad proof of the aprefalc identity of the plant with £. aavwtam t
»"'I-1 owe •" present, I Uli, v. ii win tarn tip every now and then among tin aamhen of bulb.
which an- annually Imported from Japan, ami which I Uli. < >ly wild ••«ßfffgft, tr.in-planted and
cult
" tuano on parpo« for exportation, A mil accounl of /,. auralum, together with other tSstiad
found in a separate article
LIU UM PARKMANNI, HYR
l'Ai: KM 1N*S I II.V

Manas', I Moot«, Gaud i Flor. A Pan l«7.


with tab.

Stem »lender. U*\c* «rate »ruminatr. «!l<Tnnt<-, firr-wrvr.1. I


/ aarataM, bal • t¡m-¡nmn. Haw of the ].rimrli~ .• - |nno. »till puiplu ilkais.
A hybrid tn-twat-n L 0/tfckmim, the filante. and / ihc male parent

THINK it unnecessary to give botanical deacripti if the Uro nagniicenl plant» here figured, as their
pcculiantic- of form .nul colour arc batter shown In the Plate than expressed i» «KN

TV history ••f /. I'ttrkmainti is a- follow». •Il Ml rni.nl lit, Mu. FK\N< U PIRHWW. Of Jainai.-a Plain.
Ma»».. President <>f tin Massachusetts Horticultural Society, who gives the following batercatlag account of it in
the 'Gardeners' ( hranide' for ICH Si•

"I sent, bat year, to \1H ANTHONV WVTKRKH a small hulb of a hybrid I.ily, raised by me It. •
L auraium and a deep-coloured variety <>f I., hurifoliiim (tftrrinsum); the latter was the female parent
Impregnation look place readily| anil llie young bulb» «ere planted in the o|>cn ground fur the tir-t tune in
the spring of I860, liten wot about lift} of them, Several, ai I , showed the peooJSar spotted stem
nf lire male parent, lint «hen lliey «el tlnwi I-IMU, as ne.irly all of then) did ill the »attic »ci-on, I eunld
<listtugiii»)i the feature- of /.. auraium in only one of them. The re-t, in bud and flower, appear to IK- IIU rely
f.. lanci/olium, quila unaffected liy the pollen of the male parent.

••The ooi ease alluded to wai • n • likable no ptkm. Th« Sower opened ten day» earlier than any of ihr
r. .1. ¡ti colour mi • deep red ; it hail the 1rs turaium, and resembled it liso i» form. Thii fir»t flower
measured ni inchea Iron iip to tip of ti»- pótala. In the (allowing j• -ir then were serení towers, of which the
NH.i-iiii.i i! inchea. The bulb waa then in a pot Aa no special palas o» »kill was applied bo its
cultivation, 1 have no doubt that the flower might be grown to the diann I. r of .i foot

"Tliis hybrid «a» the most successful result of a b P of ' M" r.un tit» tried liy me in the cross.
fertilizaiiou of Lilies. That genus b eartainl) remarkable in the tenacity with which it preserves tin-
characteristic* of the female parent, and resist» the influence uf the male. Tlnis 1 impregnated /.. limtj'tßarum and
itevartet] / IUVSMM with the pollen of /,. auraium. /.. Innri/itiium, .nui »i\ "T eight other US then of
the impregnated blower being carefully removed before they ripened. /.. Takrtima bon teed in abundanei . hot
ilting plant did not differ perceptibly from it» iVinah p innl. showing no feature uf the male. I reimiM d
it» anthers, and fertilized it again with auraium and lauri/itlium, thinking that the influence of the nufll
appear in the second generation if not in the first: but tin» double impregnation prodaced no effect. Iba sama
result followed a similar experiment with /.. cauadruse and /.. tuprrbum ; in this ease abo, the flower resulting from
the first impregnation was again impregnated: the result was I very scanty crop ofaeedj but 'hi» seed produced
a plant in which no »ign of the male influence was i »iiit "

lu l»7."i the plant lowered in the celebrated Khododendron-iiur-ery of Mu. ANTHONV WATKRKR, at Knap
11:11. where it was drawn b] Mu I'ITCII for tin • Florist and PftlBolftgist,' ami described by Mu. T. MoORU, to
whom I am indebted fur permission to use that drawing for my work. It is without doubt one of the gi
Lilies known, but, I an« afraid, will never become common in thi» cuiinlry. as the want of constituí on ibown by a
majority of the bulbil of L. auraium makes them very liable to go off suddenly without appsn ni eanat ; and,
«Inn one, out of health, tiny an ten difficult to recover. I am glad to hear that it ha» got into the hand» of
Hi mi LBICIITI.IN. as if it i» po»»ible for any cultivator to increase it. it «ill be done by him.

With regard to the little-understood subject of hybridiialioii among Lilie», 1 would here call attention t., a
communication by MR TII.I.KRY, of Welbcck. to the ' Gardener*' Chronicle,' INT.',. lie »ays :•" For the last »even
or eight year- I IIIIM been trying to effect a cros* between a dark seedling /-. »prrmtum and a »eedTrng /. auraium
with a deep-red band, asking the rpsrisrvai the female parent I hare Bowcred some of the seedlings from the
^ä_M

ft*
LILir.M PYRENAICUM.
IHK V\ K Ü.M. AN LILY.

/. r">niaiiiiaia. flown III Tlft i Kontb.BauB.ii • loura. Una 9


i Red. ULI It*.

v .ilk. & Unge PnxL Rar. M • • S21 I

• hortonim.

I mi. Gall, iii -

- ir. TnaqrL I

l! illu» ovoid, «¡namii multi« laneeolati«. Pauli« 8 I pedaHi .tri.-tn« robutai inbtiutet mlottu rablu mlaraegentiani
rmdii«. Folia firm» Mr. 1-ot» linean« iH'Ml j.lurj i|¡.!i«r!.> irinervita in :
taferlora S S pell 1-><IK in. lata, ad apima et barin angu»tata. Kacernn«? <>.|lonu (eel in planti« cult--
ii in /..avaip 'itbinmrernunm. ••>
Inteum, intentan rabrnm. 1\-'_' poJL longtun. »egncnti« baceolatu modi.. 3-i lin. latí» infra medium rerutat!«, fad.' •
• M lin. longa, antlnri» .". | lin. b.ngi«
8 lin. Inngum. Styl« • ' lin. lorign« déclinant» »uiHTnc ad apirrro ttigmatoram «eiuini ¡ncraantu».
lap la trígona, 13-1S lin. langa. 8-9 Un. croata, ápice umbi'.

Hot Hiapaafaib PjrnaMio. Bomia (fiée Coxart. Bunw in bort. IV r..l.n.ii Tranajlfania
! i • • ' \ bcifc. Balm).

Bulb largo. : • •.itjií. -'iif. • ' me»aabglabtoua, loaning learmMarly ap ta


Laarsa aeritarad, anjni ¡neo broad at n
narr»'» nul Boaler/ p iietime« enrolic»l and minutely ciliate. Il
ilanj» Ibe ci«' in ruliivatitl plant». Hi.wcr» 1-1*! nr tuore i"
racen. .i»o»>»m. Ixiwer pedut.. ' kg, generally bmctool
yellow, unfed aitb peen at the bate and b «I con»nicuou»ly with bin
tba middle, lanceolate, mad. Filament« 1 inch I poUoa
red iiim broad, with an ombilicale ape«,

I'.IIIX Bun» . I 1: .monden» (Gagy. and Gnntn«*). Siett


(VlMJ udLaXOt)) Boavi i . (N in K. Ui.im.i«;, and AarniUBor II-.IM.LD).

r
pin i tba cnmimmeat, bat tt the aama time one of the V - thai «••
bava ; ¡im! as morco« II i« rank and <l • rnrdeni to man] newer ami
niore beautitul apeclea, It IUH prabaUj been known I la and garda lUiries, bul lietin-
/»m/mmum until 1'it ntp.llicr, in 1773 -ip.ir.it, .1 il In.in tint apee«
figured it m In- • llhi.ti-.itii.il..'

Itn] tbi Pyi -...ii i".tii -ni.- of wliiWi range it It fiiiüid not uncommonly at
!.i.iti..n \Viiik..M\i .mil LANOB, ni Ineir ' Prodromni Plora II-....
L. ¡nrnpomium as found in the cierra d nk ¡t mtut b* mon I rrnaieum.

\IK MAW ah ma that he ha apparently wild in North Pooii-liire, where it growl


abundaotl) on J« old bedgi Uottoa and Nollond bnt I
¡dam ofvcrj li'int.,1 diatribntion, I eannot regard it in tbia inatanot i

taken ma collected by \lu. M kW at ToloM in the l-yrcnec«, at about


ItMKI leet elerarJoa It flowered in Ma. W*IWOK'* coDection al Baatberbank earl] J 1878

.lull-ml i | y.yrrwiiriiui «liiili ¡« «ometime* Men in garden* . ful origin,


aware that it fa I in a wild «täte with red I led from the real pomptmium
buta««. ¡. eomea maca nearer tot m plant m
ó»ur.
irth) uf im;
ing il M. • 1873. I du not K« it in hi- recent catalogue«; but ¡i
ta bave nun 11 li

m h.df-vwM corner of the garden ami


M will lltrimi well ami pert «cdmtcd than if placed in a pros) go. 1: u

iredinPari I Martagón tnteam non p


but thi- I li.i am at the pri

PS 'it WM m type 1 have »lowered the lily spoken I -> i Bum


Il pnrri m nil respecta «¡ill I., ¡lyrruakam. The lih - as 1 n/Un« In
IURM I.I II MU I in Truu-vlvania, «1 m my gal
flowered, also appears to be vcrj timilar, but, according to H BRA I.IK BTUK, i* non Borifbroai muí
iL MR. MAW >l I the plant • H '.Irania, and
-, m H.i ii ¡i; but I maid leeuoduTci type Whether»
• I• ; - i- donbtful
ircpTOpcrlj relVn l>\ Mu. Hiki.K. to A. rWrn/eifirmn. I iphieal
nommer, i- rorj curiaos, u it ¡» (band In thi v\,-hrn Alps, «Inn ii î-
i. placed by /.. marlnyoH and /.. pomimiiwm, nor in tin- eastern unmutum« ol Styria and Candóla, win re /.. rum.
i» found. I II a'.'ai» only in Transylvania, Albania ! HJItt from the
Pyrenees, Judgii thai Balanaa's £. •yrmaifiHi, a dried spei
oantaina of Lesbian I hue icen in tin Parla herbarium, maj reall) I» the European -¡
would m fast Mippoee, •> rarietj of the Caucasian /. nansátifhmm.
•VW

X
LILIl'M TESTACEUM.
TUE NANKEEN LUV.

riiiiWM. Tlndfl Bot. Keg. IMí. Maw. 61, 1MS, t II; Faxt. Mag. Dot IMS, i. SSI; I
finrtrnfl' letter in «¡aid. Chron. 1871. «ml I. LS.(B MT.l W I

/. rjrrrlmm. Indi. Hctt I . Wielp Ann. ti III'

IsObarn, Rnau la Moid i. Schlecht. Bol /

Ilulbua globoaua pcrenni«, 3•1 poll, entama. CBUIU t-i°.-pedalta ndcatna h>\iter ptiberuhia brunneo tinctua. Folia 60 100 «pan*
conforta linearía iiMicndcntia. firm» ob- .1 poQ. hroga, medio 3 I lin. lala. niargmibu«
olbido-pubrruli« «orn-riwilm« u'ruini minorihu.* I 1J poll, lnngi» ad rauU-m adprctaia marginibu» all d «tinciia ab
floribua i- I raeemoai i I iigia apice
-
i:- albo nur- P um Jj 1 poll. I in, segment:- prol
u latí» Drope basin pvnctil |«uci« tmnutia rubelli» decorati«, Icvit. r papillowlameUatii, fonro"
tnaiginibaa gtabri* inatnuri ! uta prriantbi.> duplo brerioi«, anil. • haagis, pnlline rubro, (harían,
4-8 lin. tongutn, «tyln .'

N-.iidum in atotu «yltatico eognilum, n-ri.in /. ratulùivm et h. tknliváoninm hvbridum,

l«Tpnnkl, large, globoae, wliiti«h. S toward» tli v. slightly ribbed,


aubgbibrous. [.catea scatter..I, M 100 ni numhci. scattered al
rrccto-pat - broad at Ib 1 gradually to the liase and point. 8-5-ai -
tl>c edge »ml i Ike Upper leatoa gradually «mi! I li
noid racoma», 1',-duuclc* I C inches long, eetnaou at the end. Perianth nankeen eol top, the
loweat eu -iona connivent, h brood at the i r in colour and
. toward« the throal, aometime» with a few rctldUh apota. Ovary 0-9 line* long, «tile \< 15 Unoa, film ,
- Iluta, untin n J ut, inch long; poll' :

'pill- and hand-.niir I.ily tir-t appeared in Bnxopi ..'>• r 1836 j »nd though it- origin
i» lost in obscurity, then- • everj renew to ->«I>]M>~I- that it i« a hybrid between LlUvm tHoUeéutícim
and the common Whit* Lily. It hits been snpj <1 to come from Japan ; hut . , [1er hu I
tint., tad kmwag tin million« of balb* imported to Rurope daring tin lui ten yt
it i« hardly |i..--i!li that the plant can cv If additional proof i- inulid I have it in the bel thai
00 -u<li pinol i- 'id among the collection« of J I hare seen, though they include
every known, anil in.iny U >.t unknown, garden form«.

I i.l i irj of the plant is given at some length bj U. \ a* I ! m. it, the 'Flore dM Serre*,' v..I i,
which it if M bj M. llv Mí. ¡um . of Brfart, who found it naoog • numba
..!' tfartagenu which be had received from Holland. It appears, however, that thi nra of l.ill
possessed thi- Uly, and. believing thcm-ilti- to bav( tin only on,-., nursed tin in up with M V*A«
II,.i m, beauty; to thai when • -hurt
1er of a quantity ,t Nankeen-coloured lilies from \l VVBUHUUIOORN, In
did not them, and I huppy po•« •• or of a targe qnantit; in], it wai
-i-nt i dowered for tin first time at M rhen it wl
named by I>H. LrjrouY, wheat ng the fir-t published, ukt» precedenee over the nth - /
•ml / iai, lij which it H «ometime» called.

I have endeavoured to obtain seed from this plant, to »ec whether it wovhj reproduce it- eban
without variation; but a» far a» I can learn it never forms seed naturally. Ma. TraMtA«, of IVegOBejr,
OornwaH, bowerer, has - in lerttfizing it with the pollen of one oJ ted parent«, and has
; young plant» from the . i eh 1 awajt with much int.

The Nankeen l-ily gTon«, m ¡;i,od -oil, from .'. to ''- ft it high, and produce«, «uch a head of flowers
a» is reprt>eulcd in the Plate. Thi* wa» drawn from one which flowered in my garden in July 1-7.'. I
have never »een more than twelve flowers, four or live being a much more common numb, r Like moat of tin
Martagón group it prefer* loam to peat soil, and re«i»t» thr hardest fru-t. «it r- al•>iit ilu
Jul\, at the -ame time a« the White Lily, and about fifteen day* iooner than the Scarlet Mai
The bulb* are very large; but a* there i» nothing remarkable about their formation, I hare not tlmuulii il
necessary to tigur.

1 lia' iit from my Mod M sum THKVOB CI UK I V, elton 1'laee. one of our mo»t
experienced anil »eicntific horticulturi-t-, that ha has produced a lily hardlv (ron the on
Inlatnim, by fertilizing I., ehalrfdonieum with the pull, n ..t" /. rnn'lnlnm . a». boWCTCT, lie raised pl.int- in the
»ame year from »erd produeed hj /. letlarnim, there i- ju«t a poasibOit] of their having becon
though he hat little doubt of the rorrectne»» of nil
>

/: 1
LILIUM ÜAVIDL
DAVID'S LILT.

••'!, Dnchutrr. \|N

•••m, »caber, »ub lent« rctronram brevitrrqnc hirtu«, abunde folio««, inferno Bodatw
i 111 numero«», cupra e»uli« medium conferta, lincaria, »cuta, «cwilia. utroque marginc revoluto, »»brido breri»»im..n¡.
laxe racemtui, longe pedunculati, bracteuti. laie cxpan»i M '• wliiti, fulvodiitci. bnuineo-purpur.
pan . prominentü tliiiim bau brcvitcr campanulatum, ortrrum patent, «rgrorutit oblonui« apicem vcr*u«
••Uu-um angustatU, extu« fascia media longitudinali tomento«» pnediti«. Filament» ttylutquc perianthio tríente breïior»,
< da i?n.ita.

' I • TI. rrilnio "Man«-" dido, alt 0000 pcd.

butt luikn « ere«, deuda •enepottad with naiphah, about 2Jf.et ugh, «lightly mark«! with prominent
ridge«, a« in /., rrorrum, . I with pubescent hair«. Lcn\- i ruwded toward» Ibe eeatm al
bet' 1 -- line« broad, acuminate, hardly
nan hone, having the edge» rcmlutr, and a »ingle f ¡ «lili abort huir«
! ¡ncboi loqgi »ilh lanceolate bract at the bar, bol nal bractcolate, very »premlin«, -iu-litly cottony at upper
¡ >n fpecincn. I « rim« purphah ipots on their
• 1>; liix-« long, ;; •) t.r< carapanulate at the Iwwc, very spreading at Iba
H.'Ht papilla- at their base, and remarkable from the pretence M
aide of » modi. the band« »re wider on the outer than en the inner segment».
I
i i«recn, 0-10 line-. g a» the ovary. bearing a few
i «panic ui.k

rpiCE .. « apctJH Of Lily which H Inf. n pr.-c.it. il RU úi-.i>\cn .1 liy tin- Vu LBXAND DAVID m
il» month of i • 1869, In the country «f the Uanxe, district "i Y .1.itchy, a mi the borden
of Ttbct and China, in abonl lal :<i Y. long. LOI K. Thii nth misaionnrj, who-, trareli in the
I M.il m.in tu nur knowledge of the fauna and Ion of thai country than thoaa
..i ..II other nataraUsU togetheri with the one exception of Ma. Swurttoa, on retaining from tin
and nwel important <>f hit journeys, brought with hua, anaoag .1 large namber of new end rare planta,
un. n i.l" the Lily wbjeh BOW In .irs hi> mime. Mis •• ollt I ÚOBB,
winch were deposited at tht Herbarium of thi lanün .d and undcecribcdi
but, owing t.. In- kiinlni-- .mil thai • DVCBABTBS, I ama enabled to :.•" over nil hi» Lines,
anil was fortUU |fa t" t'unl -i\.|.il tin . \i-l ..I which in China nil» pri\ii.u-l\ unknown.
M DucHAarai pointed out to nc the peculiaritiei -if the ipedea ander lieh he an .it hist
unwilling t.. di- rerj pert. \ . 1 careful esaauaation
•howa ilui tilly be miatahen fur «>r Baited with any other aperies, I neja '•• do -•>.
and to name it after ita discoverer. Ai-.ir.ful drawing of the plant waa made by M. I'vm KT, and ha-, been
raithru iphedb] Ma PITCH ¡ to that, thongb the colour of the living Bower may be brighter than the
• - .m 1 \.i, t >. ¡.1

I «boeJd not hare departed (roa mj proaüsed cot am living plaati only, had there
!
"«a ¡nicna or bulba of thai plaati but »> it- native eotxntrj
I by any i i the Aaal DAVID, and 1». from it- Inarriininihillty and the boetUtt] of
liherj t.. reaudn Ibr many year« a tan la, there h bul Hule boj plant
The Aunt. DAVIS baforma BM that the mountaiaa of thii di-trict are of great
m more. The flora a* well a» the fauna bear« a atroog reemabJla
1; ii«limlii.ti». Magaobas, Mahoniaa, Bamboe 1
'- II the most ehai Hhaalayan
agfa maay of tht
Bar. IMinm yiji««ir««a and L. polyphfliua,, which arc Himalayan plants, wire included in
M
" '' rove that the climate and «oil mu»t be of a u nature to I
many part- : M
I, ILI UM POLYPIIYLLUM.
THE MANY-LEAVED LILY.

I. i*ljflyli*m. M. Don in Roylc'« 111. Him. 38S (MM); Kui.tu, Kmim. I*. 077; Spae, Mon. p. SO; Klottsch. Reise Wald, p. 5S;
BsiV : I I m tí», i' 246.

/. fiamtatmn, Jacuuem., Ihirli. Ob». |

/.. Hjtu**m, DotBHh, in H<rb. lierai.

Bulbu* eicíigtüu«, pauci« »quami« compre»««, 2-3 poll, longus, 1 poll. cra«*u«. Caul« glaber tere« 2-t-pedali«. Folio
«•oendrnlia «pars» vel inferior» intrrdum verticillata, «iridia «««ilia acuta glabra margine minute papillota, inferiora
obUnceolaU 4-.'. poll, tonga, «tiprn medium 6-9 lia. lata, superior« ansuitiora linearía. 1 lofrl raocmum •'> '< pill,
nudos. Raeemua laxo* 4 lO-florus ramU «n-pe oppcxiti«, bractei« verticillali«, pcdieelli» flori:. mui», ¡afin
.lithium 1 ^-'il lin. Innirum, nasaidana, livide flavescen«, punctii vinoso-purporei*. «egmenti« oMilW>
lut medio revoluti«. Filamrnta 16 Un. longa, antberi« 4 lin. longU Ovariuiu C-7 lin. longum, «tylo valde
tialo «»iui brevitu. Captula obovoidea, 12-15 lin. longs, «ubaeutc «igulata.

//a'/. Begia tempérala Himalaya? occidenUli*. ait. 8000-6000 ped.

Bulb long and much narrower in proportion than u«ual. eoinpoaed of a few thick compreated scale« «harply pointed at ihr top.
RW -, ftnliy, and wrinkled. Stem 2 1 íc< t tiigli. ¡¡tut r my, «tattered, or sometime* wbodrd
below, linear-lanoeolate, 4-S inehe* long, C-9 line* broad, «imilar in structure to tnoat of /.. maiinyom. with (ine atuutomoting
rein«. Ftoweri I H in a lax raceme. Pedicels 2•1 inchc* long, ascending, subtended by a pair of Urge bract«. Perianth-
segments 18-21 line* long, yellowiih, with purpli«! nd team iha middle, I »un B-7 lint-« bmg, «tjle Hi 11,
ranch rwvad ; filament« 16-18 line*, Capsule 12-10 line* long, rather acutely angled, with a di«tinct neck.

'•pill-- rait I-ily. tin only "in of du Martagón group yt found in tin Himalayas, ¡. rer] little known at
present. I1 red fort] yean ago bj Do, IíOW.K, at Tnranda. in the province of Knnawar, it has
since i bj gérerai Invehen in the wnaCaiu parta of the m Uias; and though it bai nut been
! ison to suppose that it OCCOfl in Sikkim •'. 00 111'' frontier» of
China and Tibet, «inn a plant which 1 believe to l>e identn-al trai coUected by tin Anm DATIO in I

- are know luit little, tbongh a noiTWBnnrtftwl of MR. Hum »t Mnaaorie, qnoted m
'The Garden,' Jan 'it, IT, it grow*, in good, tolerably moiat vegetable mould, on •> dopeij in talek
shrubbery, and Bowen lot' iu Jane, at un ri.

It -«ni to haw been first introduced to ÜM Edinburgh Botanic Garden», «lure it was rai«td, aooording
to \In M< N vu. tin Curator, from seed sent from Sikkim. 1 «w it here in fruit in October l*-7.t. linder llie
name of Fritillaria polfphylla. and raised Mime of the -. i d- -¿it. n to me 1»\ Mw. Mi N m. which enabled DM to
. two fin • _• tlu- ipai i, that the germination i«, in Some COM •><
ranooua that i» to nay, that the cotyledon does not appear above ground, hut, a- in the case of
L. mumatlrlpkum, tin t iwtfc i- •' true 1. af. the thickened hone of «hi ,- a minute
scale; secondly, that the peculiar thaat of tin liulli may lie distinguished in it- carlh-t stage, SO '
/.. pelyphyllHm . iken tor any Other ipcctei who-c «It v, lopmi lit from seed
I hare watched.

Pot tin ipeehnen here figured I am indi Ma, <• MAW, "f rVnthaflj «ho was, I i
nr-t penan to Bower the plant in England, and for the drawings of tin bulb ami canéale to Hsu Mix
Lnicu i

Though a few bulbs have been recently procured from India by Ma. It vim and other», and are believed
to be perfectly hardy in tin« country, the plant i> still ,ery rare, and the seedlings which I ban raised, though
now three years old. make but «low progress.

Ma. Mi Nu« inf..rmv me that he ha* received from California a Lily apparently uiidi«tiiigiiishable
from /.. pttypKyllum-, and a bulb which he sent me certainly bears out his statement. Hut tin fait of a plant
found .nil •;., Himalayas reappearing in California is so extraordinary, that I am forced to believe, in
the abs-inv of eorroboratirc evidence, that a change of laliels, or one of those mistakes which are so difficult
to avoid in large gardens, i» the real foundation for this statement.

The photograph accompanying this Part i- BtM HM and 9*w»A*0, of Calcutta, and repn
a scene in the Wangs valley of the Xorth-wist Himalaya, at about the elevation •• UBum paefftfUmm i»
found.
LILIÜM GIGANTEUM.
;
L.6ifmlru Kunth. Euum. iv. 2CS; Hook. Bot Mag. t. «fl.S; Flow
üL L SI ; Baker, Chud. Ckroo. 1871 ; Dttcfaarl S i. Kranoc,
A
1874, ; Bsfcw, Jov. Lbn. Soe. 1874, i I i Ï •

l. CorJ;f<Ji«m,D. Dou, Pr-l l S mm Thanh.

Bulbo« globocaa actpitoHU pcrenni» !1 •" poll, cnssn, «¡iintiii? orati) «ih|iatulii. CsulU •"• 12-prdeli« tero« «Inbcr viri.li* boa
1J .iil'n ilriili.i. •null 1 Imin muH« product«, «para otatn »cut« ba»¡ jir.-r
cordata, «atúrate viridia, retkolato-renoaa, inferiora 12-1S poll, longer: I -paJOBtibojOanatl ! BoU
longia, nncrioni •eniim minora «a. Raeemu« 8-34-<onu • Utitudine
nttingena. Brnctnr nn> ¡rulan « magno- ovatir acula? caduere. Pcdicelli 3-12 Im. lojigi, primum ni
Huiuliiiiiii Periaolbium infund liiictiira. !
ba- , •naaonlhna 18-21 Un m amplíalo.
lin. latí«. aJ ba«¡n Mtñiu .i . Sumilia prriantliin tn.nlr l.i. a i applanati«
•ubi' i>oll. lonrU, antb • . . : poli tongum, rtyl
dedinato «vanoi ral ubduplo brcrl Cañan]
nato.

• r llimaUvum tntam a Kuraaon ct Gnrhwal ad Sikkim, LO0O0 podan .


alt. C0O0 pcd., ct (hiiia occidental M »d ílnem Julii." tU.tt
7V na.

Bulb wry large, av ictcr oí at leert 4 iachoa bon N ftatreríng, can thiakeaed haac* of the iietiolc«, in
which ¡i ill ether UKM aBsrpl eori^/olinm. AAaribalaaf ha« withered down to the ha*-»f tho pailala> Iba
•rale, which haï l>> tl rj thick ami Dew leave«, which are thrown
u|. Iran Ü <ll' in «adj ' old «ah* and the new growth 3 or t nil met»
arc annually | rhkh di-appcar at the item elongate*. là in
will cheeping the »tern at the base ; the blade brood. • a foot oi
-hining green, henrnth |»lcr and dulli r, rtraaejj n
I Until tl . .t take plai ••• are the onlj I
appearance of both bulb and leave* from any other »;
•HfiJinm. TI» bolls* - of gnal ihkknaav
milar leave«, gradually becoming •mailer and ti«w juil balon the
raceme are only 3 or 4 inchea long, with..m banal lobet, and with a broadli to inch long I
ii.-d U].«ir>! :|,|h

•faooping I *• • 11 •. 1 - • 1- line« I ipw.nl» afti o ha« taken pin


bnuwna, '. long, falling when the Born I • qautdl ft til nth funnel-ah •jt|,
giren outiide • throat, «»crate, an und when h
the topi «egmcut« oblan«-. I h, the outer one« 9 12 line», •
the baae; claw not at all hairy or paj.il I oaa long; «tyle atraiglit. . lung; lila.
S-3| indie, long ; anther« linear : pollen yellow ; captóle ob. , (>u,

valve« 1" -18 line» limed Seeda triangular, flat, with a broad nwmbraiiou« wing.

f
pilr. I.ilv win. h ¡I li, r. I. thotlgfa not pcrliup- the most Iwautiful of its grana, bj «•»rtaiiily tlic
largert. and «ell dorm«, tin ir «atom given t• it b] W \i MI H

If »». tint dfa ibOOl tin year I-.'.. . tlmt hotaiint. . time of hi- residence at
Knthmandu. the Court of Nepal, »hir, I rtiotigh I ,i Minion
which pR»000(tod to Nepal nft. : ,r with that «tute. He oaacribed and figUNd it n
jtneti Florw NepaliiteL«.'with tn.m\ .tli.i .mir tune.

,l
'* | traMllir» in various parti of the Himalaya MomUins, ran
from Kuuiaoti to Sikkim, and doubliez extendí eren further anal in tl rid mountain- of Bt
i hear from the Ana£ Hum that he found it in the rwfepeodeai Mate called Ifame, Uni!; inl-
and China, about lat N :n . lon|j B 101 It inhabit the temperate reZion from
elevation, growing among .hrubs and on the tnirder. of wood, in a rii•'.. d b]
Ha. HOOKIR at Kalapance, at an elevation of MOO feet in the Khaiia hill, of Awn, «1. ailed
" AWeay Imtli " lj\ the natv
In lft~o, duriag my journey in the almost unknown mountain« of Sikkim to tat frontiers of I
I saw this noble plant growing abundantly m th« Lachen \ ¡»llry. at ab • Here it
Bouxishes, m a climate whicli be described by laying thai Ihr D to dry
• • 1 • 1 > "ur tanta, clothes, <ir bedding; the rainf.ill, though by no means aqua] to that of the Kha«ia hill-,
Sikkim, is almost < I • r¡ and though the mornin»« an
often brijrht and may, .1 drj afternoon M nigh) is rare. In this nmi-t though tint ungenial climate the
rariad description. \ irlj »11 the nw-i beautiful genera of the north
kroughout the world ate 1": ted Uy on« or more upecic* . an these,
many plant-IK I": Malayan flora are abondant

Da. H00KBB, tin-1.1,1, ni indeed almost the only European, who ha* visited this wonderful
\.iil, ;.. mention, amongal the planta which 1«' observed (was 'Himalayan Jonmalt,' vol ii. p. 89):•Of
re, HiuMlria, /'•••' S «Ma/rear, ffydraacea, Dirlylra, Atalia. Panai, -
Trillium, and Cftabmia. < H' Japanese and Chin Geautne, Devttia, laeaat, Stmnfoato, IhJritngra,
Skimmia. /'.'»ryn, f.'iii'iVinMirt. {l| Malayan, hi found man) HhudoJendr« and InwrW. A • '. tfarlse,
Ceefagyi"; ('alanihr. tafanqaasra, .mil eat aineoua planta, Besides tí pleudid represents
of many well Buropean ganara, ai Osaeailsri«, OsanViaa, ^jrat, PêtUeultrit, Pyraia numr,
' -'Irr, Lmieêra, h'ritillnria. Primait. The Gigantic Lily towers in all it- gforj above moel •••
herbaceous planta, scenting the air for yard- around srilh it- sweel perfume, io the month of July, and lying
boned und, 1 from December t" Mardi, when it again bogine to push forth

Though M» long known to botanists, this plaal «¡1- not introduced into Europe till 1847, when
Coi M al seeds t,. the Hot mic Gardens, Gaunerin, Dublin, whu d ami
überall] distributed. It had previooslj bees lent otar loverai tunea, but, owing to the long tuneil takes to
germinate, bad probably been thrown away aa had. The plant hr.t Mower,, 1 at tin Comley-Bank Nurseries,
Edinburgh, where Ma. CUMIHOHAM raked it from seed. From one of his plan'- il wie figurad and pobushed
in the 'Botanical Magazine' of 1881 |

,11 known, and, herring been found perfectly hardy in' of England,
il to be seen in the gardens of all who can appreciate a really fine plant. Among the place- whei
established in great perfection, 1 may mention the garden« of the Dunn or RICHMOND, at Gordon Caatle
in IS.mtl-luiv. and of the Htm. 01 \V M.«I«.<IHAM, at Merton in Norfolk, «here, the Itr.v. II ARi'iti f'nKWK
informa me, ii i- planted on both (idee of n half-shady aw um-, and ripeas red abundantly every year.

• iidemy to grow very curly in the spring, which i- shown by this a- hy the majority of Himalayan
planta and trees, make- U sdrisabie in expoeed or cold situations t,> protect the hase« from being cul otf by
late fro-t-, and if the summer i- dry, copious waterings and syringing« «ill be found very advantageous t" it
Tlie Offsets, which are freely produced on the old bulb-, should be Separated .1- Non H they are large
enough, and planted separately, as they prevent the large bulbs from flowering ly if allowed to
draw away their vigour. This Lily may al .«fully cultivated in a large pot, though it- irreal size
renders it L than many species for this purpose. The M id. which i« freely produced in autumn,
should be -own. as soon as it i« ripe, in pot. of light -ml, and «ill germinate in the following «prim;. I
if kept long it max In for mie or two year« before coming up. The accompanying drawing wee made from
• plant which flowered in my greenhouse in tin 1 nil of May 1875, ami was »elected for figuring OU account
"t it- moderate development. A full-sized plant would require a much larger plate to do justice to it«
ion-.

'Hie development of this plant from the seed ha« hern most carefully studied and described by
1'BOFKSXOB P. I>i OH MURK, of Tari-. in an elaborate paper publi-hed in the Journal of the Central Horticultural
Society of Prance, 1874, pp, .'••'•! S81, Hy his kind permission I have reproduced the drawings >>y «rbkh
this paper i« illustrated, and will publish them with full details at the end of my «ork.

* t found it in the nnnrr wart of tbc Kuttnit Vallrv, in Marvl, : dark damp gurp?, at »hont 8000 feet elevation, at full leaf ;
- .ituntioo it waa not ao rotuna! or vkgoroua M til Europe iir on the higher and colder raii||e« of the t,nrhen-Lochouita; diatriet.
t I ant iiitbmed bribe I! • in» that he Bowrred the |JaM either in II «ad the brvilifal drawing «hieb Le
•en» ne ,,f tt ,110», how «ell the damp and ntilil etimate >4 t'nrnnalt aorta it, mjiiirv.
LILIUM PHILADELIMIM l M.
Til K l»H I LA KFI41H IA L1L\.

A. JWtuMpMnm, U Sp. 4SÔ ; Mill. let. ICO. fig, l; But. Mag. I 510; Etal U L 104¡ Load. BotOafc. t W6j Bol
1. thron. 1871, & Jonrn. Lion. Soe. 1874. i

BUIIMM panu« annum Mpiami« fragilibos rrawi» aabelarotù. Caiili- 1 ."»prdalU viridU eracili« ten-« (.'labor. Kolia .
lancvolatu id linearía patrntia Irania glabra . infrriora 2•t poll. longa medio 3*1 Un. Uta in v. i
.-.foliatu.dBuo.il. I ¡ terminal« orccti.prdir. :l. longia aacendtntibua bas vcrticillo foliorum
BMfnonin bractt-ati«. Perianthium 2-3 poll, lonjruai. «plmdide rubro-luteum, w-gnienli«oblongodanerolati» nx.lt.> i. Iti In;
latb, baa uiurairnlo dUtincto 6-8 tin. longo pnrditi«. fa' inferiore panctit nia^nii purpurn« «panu, foreola «labra
nita marginibu» ungu:« r,i. luli- muMtnata. Stamina perianth;
pollinr m O tapio braróu. ( 'apwla auguatc oboeoddca obtaae angulata.

//<•*. América boreal u oriental» ab Canada ad IjiuUianam.

! uWroWvi», Pur.i i ••pona. Louiaiai < N

I linearla «pun«, «tylo long! VI


íjtW. B

innuallr at mili (Juck, thiek »rale* \ an


_• in tus baav, wbon Ibayara looaely altad
lowrt I "iuh, »pieiidiiii;. uanualy
oblan id at the middlr, narrownl gnulually to IIH'IHU<-uiul i thinner
•> tritt :;-'.
inca morv, erect. Pedicelí a* • g, naked,
or with a «ingle linear ie* acrou at the mouth when
linea broiul at toa
baix- into a «'law with revolute edg

'I'll I I not -n robiul I .i- worth) oi


mo: , and whoa i to IK- appreciated I'
i- a • lanl in muí] parta Canada to I »a, and « a bj
BARTBAM H k • - ir.'/i to thai prim Pmur Hum th>
l!lu-trutioii»' a figure »f it will 1« found. In i!
'ii. P i-.. of oak, piii«. and poplar, when I and]
and tl» -m i\ occluded. It aa h I ¡iijala
IMuctßora, (Jualltria procumbrnt, ('himajihtla urn' i rrpftu, and Spiranlhri groe'tlu.
In it- Bower ouh. lmt
\i i M i, whii h «a I - - .i- nan] ai fire ••
be stem rather than m whorl
1 b] a finer -oil and climate -, - not »el in • nil i
how far lb i. u tat variât] »enl bj Ma, HAMIOK,
f New i county, W . which, in door,
hardly thr, • HI" alike. It rangU from jcllo» to deep In i« aiitifullj
Oaumoa rai

Ma HAMSOK, to «hum la- I foiind m


all the middle and t -••lubauknicnt- or in »ood- «tare there are open glade«
and th.

'" «»d that it i- mor. adiáfana« to drought than noat of the other ipi
planted m peat .Ww ivptrlum, &c, it dwii
cnltiratodH m p-.t., in peal -••il «rufa great I have obtained .
from i« b] kn ¡.i rutlurdry in a warm grecuhou»e. The leed gen more
mjickl) than usual ; und n- 1 am rather doubtful whether the bulbs can be increased freely by mean« «if
offset», I think tlii- will be the best mean« of propagating the plant.

The growth of the bulb in this apacha i» peeuliar, and unlike that of any other lily, though :t lu- -
analogy with /,. arrnamm. It if nruri.ui« bet thai all the An.'i LUI BUea, though Varying r> 1n.1rk.1My .inning
. differ nth from the* and \- •• and the MOM pecnt
m fntillanc«. which, ta far a« 1 know them. baTc bulh« composed "t
while «calen loonely attached to a «olid central o\i- • aponga. Of all the Old-Wnrld liliei
¡mil fritrllaric* only two, namely l.ittum mrnarmm and h'nlillaria kamltchatkemu. n - \tinrican
congeners in the formation of their bulb«; ami l»«ili •'( then it. n -lin-led in their gciigraphie.il Bl
Ii 'i- - of Niiitli-i.i-t. m \-i.i. which hare many affinities both botanical and zoological, with th< Pacific coast
of NMIIII America.

awaVJaf
LILIIM DAVURICUM.
THE SIBERIAN LILY.

L. Anvnnrm, Gawl. Bot Mag. tub t. 1210; Regel- Gartcnfiora, t. 740, 11 1878, t. 2M; Baker, linn. Journ. Bot. ri», p. 238;
Max. Bull. Acail Imp - Bt 1

L. pniuflnmicum, Gawl. Bot. Hag. L 872 : Oitesby, Caml. iii. p. \

!.. ipectabik. Link, Enum. i 321: Reich I. Iv t M .1. Saao v W¡ Regel, Gartcnflora. t
• : 1 •:

Bulbm globosos perrnni« squamis pan» pandurifonnibu« aruti» albl* medio constricti*. Surculi primordiale* angusti acuti brtimic.
uorti. Cauli» 2-3-pcdalis gracilia riridi* sursuui Inilac :.lbo*ran«o«a*. Folia 20-50 asccndcntis sestil is linear• trinereata.
liera 4-T. poll, hnura, m..: Uu nunquam in axillis bulbUlifera. Flare» nrpimimc solitarii, p - ». 1
leviter aran>T»U. Pcrianthium »plcndulc rubrom. 1-2] poll I nirum. cxpaniam 3-4) poll, latum, Mfi ngo-lancco-
l»ti« infra i . lin. luli«, loT« .-»pan« rix ¡mbricati«, minus punetati« el ItnutUaUt quam in erwrv • bau
•pathulatU, raleo profano« excarato 8-9 lin. long» narginibna pUofat, Filament* rubra, is 21 lin. long*, anthem ->-G lin
longiv |«.lliu» rubro. Stjlu« ovario lubduplo longior. Capsula 1J-2 poil, loriga, obtuse angulat*. apiee tat.

Uni. MU-ria «.nrnlaln. Saghalien. Japonia boreal» (MUDMWICZ).

Bulb •maller.more fragile.aod delira'. m than that > rarrum or L. iulMftnm, compoaedof loosely connected
»blaneeolate wal», «hirh are in x l -i the mid.: i i inore
-'.inusual in Die allied »pecie», ; uudrrgrwund and beurin:- M iboirn
more or leaa strongly ribbed, isxfj -li.-htly pubescent, without axillary bulbil». Leave* Mai long,
3-4 line* broad. Flower* usually solitary, rarely. If «er, more i \ation. but wording to
momoà in • P* from Manchuria as many a* eight, though rauch more tuually one or two. The
•elements rather narrower than those of l• crwram ami /,. MU/mm, leas strongly lann Hit. d. I'llarnrnt«, anther«, styl
stigma not materially •' i tin i /.. e/eysuu. Captóle said t» differ in bavini: il.it lop, wbüat that ..f
I ' •''ifmm m is umbili.

'•pill. ntficiilty hi , n. IK-MI h> my-i it', u «i ll .i- trj other», m icpiratiBg t Is i • plañí rpeciflcalljf
ii men

The ohar.!> mum «itli /, rbyasW, I., crweum. ami /.


;ritr. m which it tJitti r- an eithi r to tkrabtfttl ". M obscure, th.it 1 ibould prefci I it •• rah
tj \-. lin»! ii r, it would thro -jM.ii» .iii.nr named
allied, and "f them, it would perhaps. IK- batter
while! th
waatfc BUnaa m In- tir-t • / I n, ami /. buttiftrum, under
»ne head.

\ .if this plant i» cun I sgfa a native of tin- eastern part* of Siberia, it «a* first described
my, who, lacing it in the gaideua of M« COLUMSOM in Utndon, in 174 ed il t<> i»
I litlj'hicHm. GAWLM, full ' red it in thl Bol Mag. for
iiyleamrum, stating that the bulb- had been imported from America. Afterwar.!
[bk that he «¡i- . and und | i; \| | III..,. talla u-
her about tin origin of the plant which lu figured, r> Liketj have come (rom
Bg l-Mii. he say* that, having seen specimen- col i - ria, in
Mn LAMnanr'a herbarium, he is im I at, and names H L. iaurknm,
«huh ahoi iroperij be written /.. Jatunmm PALLAS, ííMKLIN, and otha B *- had
dtlie riant, but had not dSetina^sJabad it. though later verlooking the eatwDenl plate in the
i it /.. tptrtaUle.

I' • fact that this very »ame plant still go /.. CaUihti,
the true apeciea of that name being unknown there
I'>n!{ anil philosophical 'in the influence of foreign pollen on fruit, copied fro» the Journal
»fthe Roy, Ilor the 'G : . I l«:.t. p Bt, l'i<or. MAXIMOWICZ describe« very clearly the
• i nf tin- lmlli of this specie». Hi- then describee Ha experiment! in I I• Anwicsi»
with .t- own pollen »ml crossing it with /•seAjfcnsn, and tell» me thai cross was to prodoce
'lililí that of I.. UtlUfrrum; whilst L. bulhiferum fertili/.i<l «nth dut pollen
of /. ilaruricum pradll .¡.»nie of the malt parent.

No« tine met, if it cook!be really v« Id be • moat renmrkabli ont . bal it i» to i


the experience of many persona who bare at) »hybridist ! andar L. Pai'haimai), that I a
help nippoeing thai there musl be some error in the itatenieikl

From what I ban .-<lt', 1 believe thai eorj unten don the form or ein
of lily-i.i|i-ul<- produced in cuftivatioo It often bappeni that completa fertilization doce nol take plao
often thai the rigour of the plant is not lOjBcienl to enable it to mal lire or even »will the whole of the
. ip ale, in which l '.<ry different from «hat it «hniild be. Whether ihe difference U-twecn the i-ap«ulc»
oftheoe planta in a wild átate ¡a reallj constant I am unable to deride, from the absence of mature specimen»,
.1- I have m ver teen «>r been able to procure a perfect captóle of tvUiftrmm, and the only -uppiMed one
"_• in the Ken llerbariuiu, being from I more likely to belong t" /-. troermm. The capsule* of
/.. rliyant, which I have -un. diffi r cnu-pirunu»ly in having the apex flat.

I was atone time inclined to believe that the plant ihown ¡n tig. ¿. which i- undoubtedly I.U\U:K'« /.. dam-
rfoma, was different from the one described by lb«. Hr.c.F.i., a* the articulation of the butb-scalee (iMifig. 3),
which both ha and I'uor. UAXIHOWII I n gard a» om- of the distinotive chara ten m their BOM nan plant, ¡«, M for
se my experienet goes, nol visible in the old cultivated -train, which baa, moreover, a creeping habit (rJoV fig. 8).
Long cultivation maj bave bad the offert of canting this difference, though it does not team to bam unproved tin-
size or tolidit] of the bulb, which la always fragüe and delicate ¿ bol there i» no difference whatever in the atenía
oí Ronera of (hi two verieti

(¡vwi.i.n write- nf it in ISO!». " It ha» mm lui 11 cultivait il in our garden! for at lra-t ttxty yean, I
which i maintained it» appearance and habit», it ¡a un thy of flowering, sever product - more than
two flowers, ami ranly more than one ; hard!) cur a perfect pistil, but a profusion of offsets, which never arrive
at a greater si/e than that nf a »until walnut ; the »lent ¡»always lax and feeble, having tu u» the appearance
of having been drawn np in a hot-bed."

The Siberian LU] extendí from n»- mountain! "( Danria, about loó K.. through Mantchuria and the
region of the Amour, to the ¡»laud- nf Sa-.-halieii anil Ye»»o. where it baa been found by I'mu, UAXIUOWIOZ
and others

I am indebted to Ma BOLL for I ¡nftg.1, whii need by him from Si Petersburg.


\\(/
LILIUM CROCK U.M.
TBK OBANOE LIL^

mm, Chaix in Vill. U I Is * afey. W 8« ri. 56 ; Baker, J, I >


vit. p, 231« : Miimlly. Catalogue de* riante* en Cone, p. IM

/.. Mkifrm, D) I 1 ranee, iii. 202 : Bot M I .V>. ct »art. mult, in parte ; Ardoino. Flore de* Alpes Maritime*. |
Philippe, Hr.rr .:• • W îlkomm et lange, Prod. R Hispánica?, »ot i. p.

/. Parkin, n, Par. 17, t. S.

Ilulbus globosus ¡«r.iini« «quamit magni« m-ato-lancrolatis medio hm -.ir.nli ¡•rimnnliidr» Uli abtun
I mo i. ('mili- S-4-paeallt, rolmitui mlcatus riridi» umm purpure» maculatus plui rainusrc amncotu". I " 100
•|iam patcntia. inhi {uarr«a linrnria, inferiora 3-4 poll, louga, 3-4 Un. lata, S-5-nervata, aoanlia glabra
firma, nanquam in a> I fían '• »jlrestribus arpe solitarii. in cult« arpr 10-90 in raen
deltoideuii n. Pedicelli ascendente». 2-3 poll, longi all>o-aranec»L Perianth | late
innuin 3 poll. tat um. primum cxtu» albo-oraneosum, scgraeu- n« t>l>lnngo
hmceolati" litv latí» lui- ni omto-lanceolai ...un. I- Il Un, tali-
bad lagukalana, ««ran. • !<• aunntiaci» rix coecineo tinrti« apio . ¡.ui«.«
imbrieati- • longo profunde excatato m IOSM.

Filara« nia 16-1S lu longa, antlieris 4 lin. longis, polline rubro. Oiarium 8-9 lin. longum. styles U II
Capsula oboroidea, 1) poil, loaga »V inibilieata.

lia; Italia boreolis. In I turitnis din cultura, ad : i pot buihiferun ft

¿thane, »I g a wild stnl '«11. rient, ribbed, - !•


M'iferous. O-arr» marn lanceolate. I m an umbel, like thov arhkh
•rioMon, ven much narrow.
ba«. ' «panic said to be mot. « «th a bruadtt wing, tfa
•. rify.

S ibalpin* region at libonrhood of Grenoble; forest of I * Orangen . > awl


iMM). Man- - abon II. at.

^pili i. i I,>. i.. - .« plan) ¡asfigenotu to Northern


] »orne a dittil I am eery doubtfttl whether BO)
/ i-rofmi» itself DM} IK- dUtin^'iii-ln «1. I cannai "!!•
I wil m th« -until of Pnn i. and -uliulpim -
Sen ilinavi»; lint lln I ki.nw. on)] I
in 11» M noticed l>; lln. HoGOMIOOl m & lUlma/./... di I
Ma. t. M «1 ami flowered it in n«d triton I bore t" thank, for
• sir plant tigured, 1<" ; .laut, and •

•cestas or ' Iron Marilini. Alp- A dwarf plant IS IN mi 1M - high, general!] ••Mtli um
flowers a month before th.- typt bright
rotder¡ ueriaiit' mus.
1
-.ill plant,
dull Iron ten to fifteen on a stem. Tin- i- tin Orange Lily
•hau that fuiirid in tin Hahnle of the

t- ran be attached tu the height of a plant in its native hi


ont that ' already nearly doubled it- normal stature; and though it
on i [ befiere that the din.
it» own eniiutr) influence» it» »ea«on of flowering long after it ha- been removed to a colder plan I
have observed a curiou» bot al tmlbj of thi* lib/, in which il Mem to differ from n»
/. 'ir,'',i//riim and L. tteyaiu, and to agree to «orne extent with /.. Jamricitm It i-, 'h.it 'he butt» are
very much inclined tu pit OUI kmg stolon», bearing »mall bulb« at various points of them, and throwing
up the stem at some (Batanee from the parent bulb. I have a» yet been unable t«. difCOYer how far
cultivation influence» thi» habit, which is common to many specie» of Lily . but I Certain}]
to cheek it. «I •-. Bl / ilaruriemm, the tendem-y remain! unaltered for mau\ rear*.

The common Orange Lily of garden» i» so well known that I need say little of it. There are
»•Called TBtletie* in cultivation, of which some are poaribrj hybrid* and otlnr» -i initial varíelo^.
the origin of mo»t of them i- lo.t in •>li-cnri1\. 'Il . il umMlalum or aurantiarum i« one of the
earliest and «howic»t, often bearing as man] a» -10 flowers on a -

/.. rt'tfrnm Inwifoliitm of MR. BAKH'» garden la I immature form with niueh «mailer flowers, and
onl) aboal i feet high) «rbilct UM common rrwrw«i often attuni- .'• fui ¡i. g I »oil. The cap»ulc
of tin m < asilj ih-tiinsuislicd from tii.it of /. iftjani bj Ua umbilicatc ape\, and i» «aid to be
different from that of /.. hulbifrrmn; but 1 have Nan M much variation in tin shape and »t/.c of capsule*
on plain« of the «.nue ipeelaa, that I do not think any great baportanot can be attached to tngbl
variati
LILIUM CARMOLICUM.
TOE CAR.NluLI.lN LILY.

L Carmolinm. Bernh. in Mrrt. A Knrh-. Drut^h Mora, ii. 536. Kimth, Knnm. Il JôO; Reich le. Flor. Germ. t. 990; Part. HI.
Jlal ii. 404 ; Baker, Journ. I -;i. \n. p. IMT.

£. rUlc*itmir*><,. Una. S[i. Plant. 4SI, « parte : Jacqu. Fl. Auslr. Suppl. t. 20-

•70a pmnomteum «re rmtirum fion spaiirro. Parkins. Parad. SS.

Bulbui perennis ovoideas albos sqnamis plaribus lanceobiüs. Csuli« t-S^wdaUt iiri.li.. pata ibex I'.ilia 30-40
apana aaceadentia lanceolate tel lineari-huircotata, inferiora 2 3 poll, long*, medio 0-9 Un. lata, plana distincte 6-9-nervau,
marginabas et I cilmtis, superiors breviora »J peduoculuní sdpn-sn. Rnccmus íuuciilonit
petlieellis 2-3 poli, lungis ápice on. tit, Perianthium 1} '.' poli, longu' reí riiltnim.
-
•rgmruti» oblaneeulatU anta raratatai medio •'• 1 lia, blia, tVie puBctb plurilm« mi ¡s, dcorsum pepi'i
fovcolis distincte excaratis. Filamenta - U Ib looga, antbcris 5-5 lín. longis, polline croeco. Orarium 6-6 Un. longum.
stylu clávalo s-quiloogum. Copíala 1} poli, longs. ágata.

Cernióla, Gerinthiat Styriat Friuli (Cura, niul; Mt. Someno (Puu.).

Bulb ovoid, pointed above, with compressed ami pointed »rale«, «Uta banda an.! turning to a brosrnish yellow on the OMtanV . I 1
inches in diameter. .ct, glabrous. Leere« 30-40, scattered, ascending, lanceolate, glabrous;
below Ï-3 inches long, 0-9 tines broad, nam>wed gradually to a point; on their upper tqrmcn glabrous, but distil
eUtoto "n the veins below : the leaves smeller above, more scattered and pointed. Flower« 1 I. irooplag Pedicels 2-3
inches long, stout, sometimes brscteoluv IVnm'h \\ '.' locke* long, deep arengc-red nr scarlet, minutely spotted h
throat with reddirown dot«; thotcgnvcntsoblancc.il •• • wide, very much n !»,. (lords the way down,
deeply grooved and keeled on the lower third, slightly papillose in the throat Btyts I ( UlHB lonic.nhout ••«pial to the ovary,
stoat, yellowish. Filaments 8-14 lines long, generally much exceeding the style ; anthers 3•1 lines long; polk o btii --red.

T
f|MIE Caniinlian Uly, or »mailer Scarlet Martagón, i- I ipedet very restricted in it-, ppographka] range,
anil, though. 1'iltnat.il l«\ PAMCIMBOM two I-I nturii•- ago, IfM B0| l" 1» farad m a lit in? stete
m England until tw>> <T three years back) when it «as Introduead ahuiulantly• I believe, through tin- a
nf MI.--H- HAAOI ¡«i"l -• iiMii.T. ..I Erfurt.

It resemble* the Scarlet Martagón more than any Otos» -|>H •< -. tml may always 1M- di-tini;i
leavm, which are I •'. r, BsOn d on UM narrai "f tin it lower
surfan I i -tnalltr pl,n ' • nile, much less brightly coloured than /.. rhúlrrjunirtim.

In I wild -täte it rarely ha- more than one flower, though in cultivation I have »ecu as many
as fivi .11 -n hm seen than il eatinnt lie called a very pretty plant, in compari-'ui with in.inv .
. of /.. lymaienm it may be duttaf^liahod by it- »mailer -tature, and also by n-
iiuuli shorter ami -t.mt.r style, wlmli. indeed, appears to be • I active feature*.

MR. (i. C Cm m n thot "I the "Dolomite M who-, knowledge of the flora of
il Europe i- \cr\ minute, nils me that it is found at 1 nul Moot« "Hrrrgf*" in fan,
N• iiin.irktl. .in the em f the I.oilil Pass, the range dividing Camiula and Cariuthia. m tin
•1 I'riestr ; in the Val ili Perro, Will III OHM Friuli, and on the Monte Suman.>, north
\ Ostanl MR. fiiriteiini h.i- aot, bownw, rbemd it in any part of Carinthia, the Tyrol, or Ilalmatia.
and doubts the fact •,' t"..und m Styria, which is given as a locality by Korn.

In WtTUPaW'a 'Flora Norica Phanérogame ' the following localities are given •Monte SUoaiza,
/.irkniUir Sa*) near Reibe in Carinthia; Monte Mariana (near Monte llauri-;. Upa,
Tyrol (doubtful); mountains round Idria and Pkwald ; and on Mont N nth ••(

It ranges from 1000 to SO00 feet elevation, occurring usually in pastures on a IIII«Ml¡OB.
end grows finest in shady situation».

WÊÊM
M

"
a
VW

r
%

i, /
^

» J J
LlLlUM CANDIDUM
THF WH I IF LILY.

/.. CnuJid.m, Linn Sp. «SS; But. Ma«, t. 278-. RodoBl y. Ilcxand. t. 38; Kei.-li. I, Orrai

Bulbu. ovoideos pcrenni» albidin vel fla»e«crn« 1 malia •euilia obUnceolata, 5 7 poll, long«, 1J-2 poll.
Inta. Caul» 3 ! vi aacrmlcntin »iridia acula 3 Vnervata
margine minute papillota, rcntralia lin- lula obtusa, superior» H >
lanceolata 11} poll, longa, wl cauleiu iidprrfsa. Kacemu« \m • «8-8 poll. lata
•I cemui«. Uractor laiirealaur vel lineare PtdiealK asccndenfi-*. infimi - '• : !"'i-
I' .inthium album suaveolen« lata w, ! i.n. : 11 .i. II, longum, e ban ad collum 1J poll. Ul liatum
ngnwnti« flore expanse tríente ui|>rriore falcatis obtuii» apire pubernli« supra medium 0-9 vcl raro 1"J lin S 'nina
prrianili; vylu« cum inthio sub-
tequilongus.

llab. Europa roeridjnnali» a Oor»ica ad IVr-ism lioren!, am.

Var. ttriatmn. Hot - I naa lorib» «atoa ¡«it¡.

! / i t. 367. Grarilior, rail- par]


folUl nn,,ii»ti"rilni-, tegneiltia piTmnlhii tag ' ingioribus aoodoiibai magi« «pallia remit diu
mita, nundutn in «tatu • >!>.

Bulb «bite' broad below, Primar) a • < »laced


in autumn and : Ugh« «tirT, •"•'. dirk
¡rreen. 8-11 Una ihirk «t baw, quite glabrous like tba n more or le», Growdad in ÜM lower
pan itent. Iba 1 1-1 >nch broad above tins middle, 3-0-nened. heroming
narrower upward«; the apparmoal lanceolate, ul»>ui an inrh I '*• lo 20 ¡a a thyraoid rarem-.' 1'
>< «to-patent, the l«.»er >.ne« 1 :¡ beba long, nakad or bmctaobue. Broet« Itneaoab
Pi ti.uitti pu. »bite, rwai uaoeutad, •_• :; boba long, ttie opper flowan mure i.r lam m oa« 'ir"..ping ;
'li.i«i"h- linea broad t«" third« d£ lito ara«, an, Ban I a runrata
baae. Orarjr 8-9 linca long, irrla 1! Ï inrli.-«. »liKhily me-nding tawardl tba point; filam.ni> I "• 18 line« long, pure
«bite; amber» 5 (J line» loi«; ; poll

, i •tri'itHm i« a form »iib • with pnrpb

Var. prrrfrinum is a form long kn ration, ll lied (rota tie


larea, unaller flowers, »¡lb tin division» narrower and more pointed, at. i law.

Var. trimin I btlin., i» a finer variety than tbe type, «vitb broader, fuller. M formed flower», but, a« I
think -nil of good cultivation.

^pilK White Lily is of all lilic.» the our bas) known mill I | beloved I'.ve.pi In a (en
garden*, win-re bsMMIng.ptanU wonopolizi aj] tbe space, 'where, and in abundi
A lx«l of •.•on <ir 300 whit» lili» •, lujmejnded l>\ « ring of th.it brilliant •rariet-.towered plant /
rardmatit. • of the ino-t striking and » !:
course, like mo-t lili. «. it« bloom U not of 1 who love» flowers will dm)
beantj

I-..1- i. - -., ta») ami ition w good that ft will ;M« in JW»I JIII .H"

»l».|> i-Min IH-UII;. hn • ntnrnbJatottoán&afmuX. i


aiirn-maramalum, wlu.-h bu -, i-pedally the primär) nnca, hroaill) bordered «ith raJtoaT, Ud in
i« for tin- rea»on a very handsome object. It i» at pr»>etit MHnewhai scarce, tbe variety with bJoti In d
often «old for it bring rery inferior in lHau»\

The variety called perrgrintim 1.. which ¡SI • -m». w.i- much crown on thi I
two ceuturie* ago, Dada« the name of Sallan ^omAocA, ami H kaJd i" hfl iri.m Coni
I IN »an Ktt'wot.r, a German botani»t and traveller of the 16th otBtMTf, met with it in Syria. I
li\ M. Dl ('(«(Kr ii'll \M w,i: a di-tim r -]>•' es, .mil i- ~ia.ii L liy l'im» I). l)o\ to have the style triangular near
the apex; but after examining; living plant*. 1 think that MB. BAKKB it quite right in placing il under tin- head
nf nmilfhfcwi Tlwn II also a double form in cultivation, «huh | . - none <>f the beauty of the singk
and i-. liki »li« -triped form, a curiosity of no m

mir) ; and though it U said that by taking it up


«l• i, bead downward*, it may be induced to >l" 10, I have irini iln- method without
HO* 1>I i ii \KTRI: inform* me that he ha* obtained MCd by artificial fertiWtaHon, and hll
young planta from it. The notes on die gemination and development of thW and other specks, however, will be
in it« r understood, and more coavenii ni for n f«r< nee, if given n paratelj ai Ifat end of tíx work ¡ .mil thin 1 hope
in ili. in ,i mon complete manner than would be at present potattdl

'Hie bi-t.ir; of the N Idti i urj at id <>• -• light for rather in met) ancumt authori H Curait t, PARKDWOK,
and DALBCHAMP, than in a work like tin preseBt,aait haa been known in garden- from the aarlicat agca Ina
charming little work on tile BSWtOTJ of lilies *. by ni\ l'uni«! If« nu I'INNAIIT I.'H IM «.I I . I'n -i«!(iit of the United
Horticultural Societies of Belgium, will be found • long account of ii- history, nlnatratad by man) quoi
from ancient and mudun authors.

Ii «¡i- undoubtedly grown by the ancients, ami probaUy lurniabed the emblem of the Beur-de-us borna
on the standard of Prance fol M iiiiiiiv yean, though -mue think thai the design of the fleur-de-li« Wai taken
km hag I hitptmdanrttt).

Il i* -aid to be found «¡Id in the Jura mountains, in tin I1; -,n I M i ¡, Italy, and many oilier part.»
of the Moth nf Europe ; but having been *o generally cultivated for centuries, it is doubtful in which, if any, of
tin-, localities it ¡strut) indigenous

\li It \M.a, however. :¡M- ii- ran:;« a- from Cor-ica. through Greece and Turk« y. !«• Palestine, Northern
Syria, and ill«. QuKOSUI ; and though 1 DC« i m it »iUl in Tin key or Asia Minor, it i- uientioned in the Flora- of
almost every country of Southern Europe. Lroraor«, in the • Hora H«.•ira.' speaks of it as indigenous in
Georgia, which leenu more likely to IH it- native country than any part of Europe.

* Menofrapliie liKtorujur « t licrairv dn l.i,-' MJ.I


^s

'•V

«•*.
I.ILIUM TEXriFOLIUM.
IHK N M;I;H\V LEAVBD MI .,

l. Ttnitifolittm. Rath. Ind. Sem. Hurt, (iwrak. 181Î, 8¡ Mitotea ffl. 8«. Vaj IU». K'uvli. Kmim ¡r. SU; Bol M
; 5140; Sweet, Brit. How. Gard, »c-r. ii. t I. L. 9 Bot)sh p. 160

/.. JTOOM/IO». DO in Rol- IA i IW : Kunth, Enum. iv. 263 ; Bot. Reg. t. 132 ; Iyodd. Bot Cab. t 3A8.

/,. /IIM/WIIIIM. Ilomcmami. Hort, ll»fn. i. 828.

Lpm II -t Pmja-Ba«. 1861

Huillín parnu pyiit H|II«M< kinocnlati«. CaulU 1-3-peiiai» grwHIlimu« teres glaher. FI>IL» 30-50 angu»ii"iin ,
•pana a*crndentia, central!» 1J 1 M, ) 1 lie, lili l-:i.i>.,i.. I', .lunculu« 2-3 poll, infra racvmum M
Racrmuslave, l-2ii.fli.ru«. PofioalUS ! p>ll. lonjji. apicc cernui bracteia linean-auhulati« geminan« I", i.in'liiu.u 16 IN

Un. louguni, »plendiile cocrincum aegin. i .latí» medio 3-4 lin. Util «aide revoluti- : iriboi
rani puiicti« pauris minuti« nigreacentibu* doeoratia foreola (¡labra di»tinrte imprena pn-liti«. 1-llamen.» pullule
rubra, & !» lin. longs, nntheri« duplo lonjrmra, p.lline OMadnOQ» Ovarium ¡jrnnli «caqui 1»T.

(apaula cUtato-trigona, 'J-14 Un. longa, .".-fi lin. rraa«a »pier umbilicala.

/ht. Siberia n tnontihu» Altai ad Amarlarwl et Chinam boreal, ni ( Pal Ul . aiAXaatOl Japonia '.

Bulb Ufually arnall ami »l<ii<l, r. but nur, a- >t. <.n Iba plant figured. Stem 1 " fort Mgh,
•leudar, clil.^.u« Laevoi loneroo«, M I mg, }-2 lin« broad, moro or !«•
ctow.l. .1 • • I. l'edancle Bal. r 3 inebe» below the flower».
Mutually ne» bal In n ; M it. hurla flftccn, and in cultitatinn from two or three tot"
inn P h 2-3 inchest i¡{ at the end, i»ith linear aul.-i .nietimi» m pafai I'
11- ¡m. - long, arigbl «Kining »cat lot, usually nnanotled. but i lb a f. « iiiinutc blaek dot« in tin- |bl Ml I
division*, b u« broad at iba taiddl. i.aving a rather distinct claw
and a gin i I Im,- fro» the bai
< line« Ion». . . , , g llBct Ion. ' | line«
broi*! '' .t agreeable.

I'M IK Niirniw-li a\iil Siberian Lily i- the -mall« -t and m«i-t slender of all the Martagón grOOp, though b) no
OMnni 111- I. •«•• il II has been known in tin- country f>«r half a ««ntury. but hai
¡.....in. i m.t, ¡min il. from BU] want of h.irdiiu-- or difficult! of | of tin
to all plant« of a similar <l.i-- «lu.li lia- prevail« .1 I I' ¡- Ibnnd in I wiM
through the greater part "t North Iron dm Altai Monntalni t-. Amuriand anil Northern China,
«lure it ha* 1M.n gathered In run-, MAXIMOWICS, DAVIS, and otben It «a- introduced t.. the
SI r. i r-iiiir.' Gardena in 1810, and from then diatribnted through Brnrope, INíIH; named and described
I'IN.IIIK. 1>I CAM II, anil HoaKBMARM I' I.«- I».n niii-i'l. i.-«l h) -on
pmnilum «>f HinoiTf's great «ork Í- a different plant from the true /.. trnmi D H OU, in
the • Gartentlor.1.' 1866, p. <••"> fifi, uphold- thai opinion. I think, howtv.r. that the plant «hi. .
tailed pHmiVvoi In I! 11] Irnui/olium, and that the figure in ' Gart« utlora ' r, pi«-. nt- th.-
form of /. eallaiHm found ill AiimrUiid. differing from the Japanese ratlotum in tin 1.-- . -nu-pi« nous «alii ol
ih, npper i

In it- wild -tat. r - \ n-Uavcd I.ily doc» not u-ually hau m I two
flower», though in Muutchuria it ittwntrtaBifa produce« a* mam a- fifteen, anil by ï«I«.<1

suffic; h to produce an even greater number. M. na CANNART U'IIVMAI.E, of M aline-, infurmed


me that in hie garden be had seen as many a«. t*rant*-«ighl on one •.tern; but raeh plants are very rarely
found ; and it inu«t be confessed that, a* grown hj m.-t peaipte, it i- b] '" • plant a- depicted la
DJ] Plata. lUawaa drawn from a «plcndid sp«« m by Ma. \Viu»ox, at M « y lu nia«, uhnli tiowered in
the end ol lia] :

To attain such vigour a- :ig bulbs, which have been grown from »ceil. ired ;

* Ma Baaia «lacriba tie kam » ha,um tte edf« retraíale ; bat taia ia aot tbe caae m aaj of tbe liiiaf «uaaiuaMi» I Kar» eiaarlaaa.
und though it i' i idv the proc**« i* a very ail Pu d) -. .<l
of L. Initii/ul'tHm will germinate very cn«ily and ciuickly. and, if properly tntted, prodtuv« flWcrinjIiiilh* in
three \

At the far-fnmi il nanCTJ of Mu. Lot M VA» H'.I TTE, at Ghent, I have »cen a bed containing thousand«
nf thi- Lily, all raised from seed«, which «urpas«cd in health and vigour ¡my of the same species I have
noticed elsewhere.

It appear« tu ¡rim' he«! in a light and «and) thongfa eool ai -oil. but is very apt to die
after flowering strongly. I am. Indeed, inclined to think that the bulb« of thi« l.ily era mit truly perennial,
and peri«h from the mere act of reproduction by «>•<!, like thn«e of /,. yigautrnm. This, bowercr, inn
nut be tluir habit in nature, or even in all part- of Bngwmd, 'Hie Lily called ¡mniettim by VON SIKBOI.II,
which mi introduced by him from Japan, i«. in MK. I.KICIITI.IN'S opinion, merely I cultivated form of
Irnm/úlium. It due« not appear to be common in Japan, if, indeed, it i- ¡ndigetiou«, a- 1 have seen no
rpeebnene in any herbarium.

The bulb» of thi» l.ily which ai<' imported from Russia have a somewhat different appearance from thr
one «hown in tin- I'late, the scales being longer, tlmkir. and hw numerous; they are sonictmn« cmiously bent ;
but these detail- will hi best »hown by woodcut« el thl end of my work.
LILIUM CIIALCEBONICUM.
THE SCARLET ÏABTAG0H LILY.

/ ' tlctJimimm. Ijnn. Sp. Plant 4"4. ox parte; Gawl Bot. Mag. t. .»n; Red. Lib t 276; Bekh. Ic. Germ, t »93. non Jacq.
Spa«. Mon. p. 36 ; Baker, Journ. Linn. Soc. 1S74, vol. rir. p. 249.

I. nttrum tfiauliKum «ive Martagón conftantinopoiUantm, Park. Panul. 34.

L hamtinmi miuiitum, Buiihin. Phi

Bulbil« m••;«]. ñatvkcvni «quanii« phrribus lanrrolatiiv Caaba «irictu« puhrrulni 3•l-pedali» viridii purpureo tlnetai
li lno vi 1 plum ascendent;« ronfcrta wsrilia pollidc viridia. intima oblonccolata, centraba linearía 2-3 ¡mil. lunge.,
lin. Intu. 3-5-nervata, nurfrinibut l papillons lupcriora minora ad pedunculum adpresm.
Rarcniu« l-lO-floru», pcdimculi» spice cernui«, ssrpc brncb-oloti«. IVrianlhinm imxlorum 1J-2 poll, l.mrum. splendide
mmiatnm. M^rrocnti« nblanccolati« arete i latí», papilli- ti - imprests matyi
glahriv Filament» 1. ¡mllinc mil i 'i-qni-
laagum vcl paulo brevius. Caprala obtuse angulata, apicc umbUicata.

flat, tinrria rt insuke loiitnr, horti« mew Jalii at Auguv.i B

Bulb largo, globose, of an orange-yellowish colour. Stem «cet, stout, 3-4 feet high. I<rarr» many, scattered. 3 o-ncrrrd and
Urn liar and narrower »Im», where they arc compressed ! I a and
edge« of tl >ilir.i<,uit t, white hair». Flower» 1 10, auboorynboac, hanging. Peduncles 2-4
iii» lung, generally bnuAaotato, Pa) the ecsjawnt- lad, papillose on
the lower half. " i'.rous groove. Style 6 -S linea long, much curved. Filament» about an inch long: ;
atari ' «itli uiiibili'

'IM1K Chataedonian - M i ••_• i Ibund wild in in.iin parti of Qreece tod it- Unida,
U|> ti> ,i i iiii-iil. r.ilile elevation OB UM ID I I'ain.i•u- ut MOO SOOO
elevation, and in clie»tnut-w.>.iil- bat I bat mi proof nf it- oeein
in Turkey <ir Asia Minor. BrongbJ li the Leraait in the loth eeulajy, at the tame tune as man] otb«
bnllHiu« planta, it irai «ell known t.. Ci i an ». PARBUCBOII, and tin otta r old writer- on pknta.

Now, however, owing t.. tin eompleti revolntion in the u rangement of mir Bu «hub
has driven old favoni the ScarUx Martag though one of the noel briUianl
and easily eultn.it..i of plasta, i- more often Men before a cottagi door than in the garden» of the neb.
and ii I .u ami will-known plant.

It eeenu to prefer '• r tliun light -ml. ami nil! luiuriatc in im>-iiltii .it.-tl corntr- whu
-h.nle, however, u not i
tran-plaiitatioii than luo.l other lilii-, M that it dace not attain it- lull -i/e or number of BoW<
year» after it ha- been moved.

Tlicrc are, as far a» I know, no remarkable varieties of this species no» in cultivation, tin.
-upp. What i» called ChoUrJanirum major \ u p. .u
to be more than a luxuriant -.täte of the common »ort ; and the wild plants which I have ten m.j
ad lewer-tlower. il. an vi rv -iniilar to thCKW wl ;>- for .-. |
m I ban never neen a doabl ipokea of in terne
in -i.m« of the older wrllere; and. judging Iron m> expe
inferior to tin / chatetoonietm rarely produces seed under cultivation; hut a- it ie easily
Uten • e.lling» grow very >lo»ly. tin» method of propagation is not often follow.

Tin 'rr.il to by MK. BAKER in ' I an Journal' n« /.. alhamtum of (>ri»cb.


¡renaicvm ; and /.. grácil* of ERE»., from rpe of which I have examined, b a
•peen of Frilillaria.
LILIUM BROWNl
IlIÏ.-.V.VS LILY.

Mirllrx, Ann Soe. Roy. Agt el »•• pL il : Spae, Mon. p. »I : Iym. Flared k. 110

Ljofmunm, Bot Mae. t lóül . I/««. Bot. Tab I **,<*; Miqnel. Ann M U| It« ¡ii. 161 Baker,
linn. Joum. xi« 7, Band I

L aiorwm, Planch. Fl. dc» Sam

LJufmirm <

Bulbo» globoaua, albidaa, pereeni. Ciuli. 1-3-pedaIi-. .m, ucnh


dcotia, purpurro-viridia, glabra, lanreolata, acata, 5-7-ncr»nta, medio ß-° lin. lau, atufan . I »iiarco-
.IU. extu* purpnreo tineti. Perianthiura 6-fl poll longum. ktta
lin. lamm, «mum ampliatn; «egmenti« oUaneeolato-uaguiralatia, obttUM, Sore expanw •
Filamenu pcrianthio tríente bn-rioca ; anther» oblongi», 5-6 Un. I>m«i« : polline rul.i • 0 a ua II I", lin.
•lamina paulo »apt-rum, «tigmatr 1 Un. rnuao. Cap-ula obnwáaW, - poll long«, profunde obtuv iV-anguUt*

//o». In.nLr Cop-iitur, 1 r- \ Di II>).

Hall» round, «hiti-h. rather flattcn'd on ! Stan 1. rr.fi, glabrous tingad and •pottod vilh
purpll-h I<roic« «call.- I line« wide, dark green, purplwh toward« tin- tip«. Flower» nattai"
but »Bw-time» two or three, tweet-Kented. Perianth ó-C. ínchri IOIIIí pun- whit.
on tl • «der and more open than in /.. Imfi/lonàm and narrowed more gradually to the bue; argment«
•ly falcate at the lip <»>arr and attic a little longer than the perianth-* fa
ng ; antben large; pollrn red-brown, or. per bap«, in ana» ca«e» yrl! • long, rarely

r
PMI^ line plant was intmdu,-..1 to Eoropc from China, u long ago aa 1801, by C\n KHUCPATBH a
und ha« been «paringl« rince
It ha- boon tk'ur.-d • v. r.il tin file name nf jaJMofrwi J lint a.« that name ha* Urn applied bj
'I'm NBKRO to a very différent plant, and i» al»o untrue a- n L native country of 111 mu-t
take- i Rrow»i, bj wUch it 1- llrtadj tciy «,11 known in ij.»r.liii«, and «huh m tir-t upplu
it in IM1 h) \ln 1 II./, jfi.r a nur-enmaii of Slough, in « Catalog« i| waa brought to notice
.ll.ollt |s:)H

Aa a cultivated plut. L. ISrovm i* known in part- of China and Japan, but it-
iioi known with r. rtuinty until recently. Th. n- are apecfairn« in the Kcw Herbarium, gatln ! ! OtafHAM
II.i-cli.l latead, one of ihr C.ircan arcbjpclago, which I think may Mfiri) IM-
au.l I «a-phi- ,,-r among the plant- collected I.) the A«n> -1,111
.en» which differ tu no iui|»irt;mt point from /.. Brovm, tlkOUgh lln Colour of ÜM ;
•ppeai

I have «een no varieties of this plant Worth notice, and cannot allow that what 1« figured in the
FB
" "' • lj M / jtponieum Calehrttrri i- di.titut from /. /Iwm l'r.,l..ilily the
diff.n 11.«. «|,nh inn IN found in it may In-attributed to the fact that it ha- I fttlj Imported from a
Japancae garden, wherea- , of tttomi bj from China and I. eoJtil I ¡a I.
•ra.

lit variation» a* may be <1¡ rown UoA dJtioM do


m my opinion. JajdJ*« il•ir beta] treat.d a- different pi.
lho
** catalogue» and bring out old |

' ' •*• ,,f <•>« tiiu-.t tpMM «. loiv, 11, placet where H rather particular
aa to the quality of the »oil. and ha« ntrer become at all common in England.
••

í
From what I have «een of its cultivation on the couturlnt, »here it i* largely grown by «ome of the
Dutch and Belgian nurserymen ; and at Berlin, where it is counted by thousand*. 1 imagine that a Tcry
light »oil i- ii,.-. • 11 v to i'- in U-lxing. In tin- Lit.' M. V i» HOOTTB'I NTM) at Ghent there was a bed é
of it in great perfection, mnny of the plant« bearing two or thnM Bowwi on -i Itou, though tin -
little better than »and enriched with manure. In UusM. OS»ORN'» tinr-er\ ai Kulhaiu I have been tnld >'
to thrive; but. though perfectly hardy. 0M rarely »ees it doing »«II in privat« garden«

I have never been able to procure a perfect eapsol*) hut I am informed by H»:R» I.KKIITIIS
that tin' md gt inmutes ipiickly, a» in all the tullirían group, and would probably flower in the fourth or
fifth year of growth .
The purple colour on the outside of the BowOTI of /.. Wroirrti variai in depth according to the amount
of light the plant has received, and is not no dark when gronnnï in a «had] place. M] figón «rat taken from
a plant grown by Cot. TRKVOR CLARK»;, of Welton I'lace, which flowered early in July I - 1
3-
LILIUM MONADELPHUM.
THE CAUCASIAN LILY

L. momtitlpltmm, M. Bieb. Ft Tsur. i. 207; Cent. PL Rora. t 4; G»wl. Bot. Mag. 1405; Kuntb. Enuia. 280; Hegel. Garten-
flora, X. 733.

'ifmaimn. Schalte«, 61. Sj«t Veg. M I, Knum. iv. 261.


/.. ftmtient, ( K ! • .ed non Bcdsder: B»ker, linn. Jnura xiv. p. 24«.

Hulbn. oroidra«, lu tetera«, pcrennis, aquamia pluribua lsnerolatit. Cauli« 2-Vpedalis, robostuv riiUU, pul»-rulu». Folia SO-60,
«parts, aacendentia. lanceolata *»l ohLnc«.nlata, »iridia, dlatÚKts mnltinmruta, centraba S-4 poll, long», medio 8-12 Un. lata,
dorao el margine eiliata »el pubescent». Racrmu« «a-piaaimc 2 10-. im ••-floras. pedui.M.h- || 2 poll, longia,
apioe errnai«, bracteii magni« laoerolali« i -; typolLloagoai Manceohitis.
infra medium falcstk 9 12 lin. latía, ban et ápice ; • util«»
deem»' .-, foveola glabra Initat impreaaa pnrditi«. Filamcnta 18-21 lin. longs, applanala. e hoai ad
baaia trirnti« «uperiori« valrala. aatheria t>-6 Im < '.armru 7 B Im. baigum. atylo tubereeto duplo
bietiii> Capsula oboroidea, 18-21 Un. longs, obtuse angular, liest«.

«.* («aessu. oriental» (RroXL). Ksabek. Bearhtsu. 2SOO-0000 •¡«•d alt. < Mira).

Vai a, Bsmtls«ä«na, Flach. & 1*11, lad. Saat, Pctr. 1839. 58 : RegrL Gartcnflora, t. 43«.

/. rvlMrum, Steten, in I :

/• fsJJwrsinnim, Paxt. Flowrr-gard. maire. Jard -11. ir t KM« DOB Schulte«, 61. Flore dea Bu

Kobustior, foliis ktioribut, floribn* tnajoribna, aegmentti «uprs medium revoluti«, polline fuaco-coceinco.

IM. Imcretia. kl t liabetpo).

Var o Lrnisovsi, Baker. linn. Journ. xi». p. 246.

/, syrntatrvm, Led. llora Roa« loi.

/• a»»ifiVifin. IM«. Bai l'.iri»., ex IjixUunl

... lincaribuv niedio 4-6 lia. Uli«, «ubtu« »ix pubese- Sl ;mrnta [« riauthii
6-6 lin. lata.

IM Imcretia Taluaeh, alt. 4M>0 prd. I-a/i.tan (Btuunu)l

Bulb large, globose, yellowish. Stem 4 5 feet high, «tout, rather paberuloui. txwrcs msnjr. scattered, lane inches
long. } inch broad, with 10 rlntbcd with abort hairs beneath and at the edges. Raceme o»rr a foot
long, many-nowrrcd Peduncle« arcuate. a«ern.ling, 4-6 inches long Bracta leal- i «kn
deep, reflexed tasj »a; down, bright lemon-yellow, with copious minute apota of purple-l» I at the
base outside with purple-brown. Filaments 2 inches long, placed edge to edge at base bat not united ; pollen yellow Oary
7-8 une», style 16 lines long. Capsule large, obtusely angled

'PIIK < aui-a.ian Lily i* one of those wWd djipaa ¡I,:, t erfCT] |trd n. great or
:•- hardy cittvstitution, sweet «cent, and earlj-tlmvcriiii; habit, are all point« winch t. II greatly
•- favour.

It appears to be exceedingly abundant in many parts of the Caucasus. Ma. FmtsiiriELD. in his charming
bo< 0,r
* •'•• » the valley» amongst a rank growth of herbaceous plant», at an
•ion of to. it ceruinly likes aatrongsoil, an.l «!•>• ».II .-f..l,l:-lM<i uT.A». t.. a
height of S-5 l ,, flower. fftclj in moat season
.h unpleasant to Htm : asj to mak. a« a pot plant, is to mc agreeable, though
ItM »o than that of L. amrtlum mdol I The seed. jm. kly, but, as «u
pointed oui <.«T*E, docs not show its cotyledon The seedling« grow
y, and. as 1 am informed by Ma. ELuroitii. «oractirac do after
"»»••»fr too much for most amateurs, though the bulb-growers of Holland, more
acctistomed to »uch operations, have lately raised Urge quautiti». from seed.
Though introduced by Hnms, LonoMHa early ni tin- century, it ha* uot become commun until the
last few Team, »Ii• it ha-, been imported from it* native country in huge ipunrtitu-. Being • very variable
-. it ha« lu ru described and figured ander several different nana by various author»; und though the
varieties lire fairh diatinct, y tin v nm itit.. each other so closely, that I think best to follow the high
authority of Ma. BAKU« in conaidering than a- rarletiee only.

Tin plant «a- Brat d leribcd lij the Russian Hiita.n-t M M« M HJ. M,N llicm ii-i>is. having b*M I
in the Caucasus «Inn tbote mountaina «ere fini explored bj Bj LSDSOOVH it wa* con-
• i ••• 1K' Iba mue .1- /.. tywwicanj and though that opinion may eeem ridiculous when a fine and well-
grown plant is examini d, y.i ant aj rhiefa Mi!. IWSKK km di-tii.u'ii-li 'l 1- rar. Lrdelmttri, is
but little different from the IVcncuu plant.

The monadelphou- character of the stamen« doea not npjx-ar to aie to be a constant or reliable
character. It ran« 1BTJ much in different planta --mm baring ti» til uncut* united for at least one third
of tluir length, and other« only at ÜM baft or <<- i- innre common m the rarioU Called X:arif*imiicn)
not at all.

The plant described M /.. ¡«MíicHuí by Paar. CAM KOCB, Of which I have seen the type specimen in the
Berlin llerbarinm, doeanol ma to be in an) waj separable Awn tin« ipeciea. The firing \
cultivated in the Berlin Botanic (¡arden- certainly an BOl M ; und 1 am continued in this belief by the opinion of
I'KIPI ».«SOU Kuril himself. There i«, howivcr. m I,a/.i«taii (the mountainous region at the «\K. angle of the
Black Sea) a mnch smaller and poserai] diatind plant, collected i>> BAI tusa,and distributed in herbaria by
M BoiaaiU M /.. /inntirum.

\- l.ir .1« I can bam, the variety mmtnérlphnm (which i- In re figured front a plant which lowered in tn\
garden in Jim. 1-7... md produced in 1*7« twenty-mnc tlower- on OH stem ) is confined to tin- northern and
H part- «if the Cancaatan region ; »lnl-t the variety Sseaileienuan (of which n plate will be given shortly ) ¡a
only found on the southern slopes of the mountain« in the province- Imeretia, Mhurrelia, and Georgia.

1 would here point oui that, though I am not at all confident that th in in all cases be well
separated, y.t. u S inle, thc\ muy le ili-tiii.-ni-lied by several character«, among which the cuhiur of the pollen,
which i« red-brown in SWWl'fll'limin and lemon-yellow m awnaJclfihmu, is the most conspicuous. Mnnatltlpktnm
is also from a fortnight to three weeks earlier in flower, and, whan trat -bowing above ground, Usually has its
Bower-buda rvposed. whereaa in Saaeitoiaatjei they are concealed by the lesveo until the plant is jn«t
ready to bloom.
/
LILIÜM JAPONICUM.
KRAMER'S LILY.

/. jajKimcam, Thunb. Fl. Jap. 13S.

/. Kromrri, Hook, fii Bot. Mag. t «058; Baker. I.inn. Journ. vol. xi». p. 250

/. UllnJ<mna, Baker. I.inn. Journ. xiv. p. 232 !

/. Elizabeth», Hort Igelit

Biilbus per••'- psrvu». pyrifonni«. Caulis 1-3-pcdalis. gnicUi», tere«, glabor. FolU distant», spar*», linrari-laneeolata,
arumiiuita, bretiwimc netMate- firron. viridia, 3-¿-nerrata, i-ti |»U. long«, 6-9 lin. lata. Ferianthium «aavcolen», horiiontale.
late iufundibuliforme. idbiduro vi-1 rovum, 4-7 poll, longum, e baai ad collum «eiuim ampliatum ; «rgmentii oblaneeolato-
oblong-.s, floro cxpanso, tríente superior» fidcatls tupn» medium, exterioribu» 10-16, interioribus 15-20 lin. latí«. Filament*
periantliio «ubdupl" bmrioca; anthirís 8-9 lin. longi«, polline rubro, Ovarium 1 polL longiim. «tylo leviter declínalo,
duplo breriua. Cnpsuln obovoidea. obtuse angulatn, 1J poll, longa.

Hai. Japonia (TU^MIKRO ; MAimowtot).

Bulb «mall, abmtt 1-2 inchc« thick, pyriform, whitish. Stau 1-H leal high, erect, glabrous. Leave« «cattered, linear-lanceolate,
«ruminate, shnttly ¡M-tinlcd, S-.Vnervtsl. 4-6 inchc* long, 6 10 line« broad. Flowers 1-5, white or nnr-colnuted, ssrcct-
sccntcd lVrimtli 1 7 inche« Ion«, shaped like that of /.. aumiuia. Filament* with the anther« shorter than ihr
perianth : anther« large, with red pollen. Ovary 1 inch long: »tyli- »Mills' declined : capsule bluntly angled, about an inch
and a half long.

'TMIE charming Lily here described has a curious history, and affords an additional proof of the neccssit«,
of studying such plants from living rather than from dried specimen*. When introduced to Europe
a few years ago it was considered a new specie-;, und figured as such in the ' Botanical Magazine.'
PKOFKSSOR MVXIMOWHZ. on Melng the plant in flower at MK. WIMON'I in I*7.*>. told mc that it was
known to him in Japan, and had been regarded as /.. japomcam of 'lliunberg. To make this certain.
Mi». BAKF.R was good enough to procure, through the kindness of PROIV ARUSCHOUG. of Upsala, the
specimens of Lilies collected by TIII'NBEH« in Japan, after examining which we both agreed that the original
plant named japomcum by him was identical with what had hitherto been known a* Krameri, and not. as was
supposed, with /,. Hrnirnii.

I have little doubt that the Lily described as /,. belladonna, from a drawing made by MR. HANSO.N of
Ntfl York, and kindly sent me by him, UMUt also be referred to this species ; for though I have not seen the plant
from which tin- drawing was mude. I have seen forms of t.. japomcum very closely resembling it. Both
/. Krameri and /.. Mladoima have been supposed to be hybrids : but from what 1 can leant about the
plant in its native country. 1 think there is little doubt that it i< a distinct species, occurring abundantly in «,,•,,.
parts of Southern Japan.

PROFKSSOR MAMMOWU'Z did not see it himself in a wild state, but had it brought him from a
considerable elevation ¡a the mountains of Senoun, in the island of Nippon: and MR. T. HOGG, an Am
gentleman who has Knl BOOM large quantities of bulbs of this plant, says that it grows wild near Lake
Biva. on the hills of Kioto, in South-west Japan.

Until 1*7« it was, owing to the difficulty of importing its small and rather delicate bulbs alive, one of the
rarest 1 .ilu - in our gardens; but large importations having bun received in Bret-rat« condition during the
-, it ha- been sold at a more moderate price than formerly, and has Wome better known.
If health) bulbs can be procured, there seems to be no particular difficulty about growing them, though
1 must eonleu that no has, to ui) knowledge, rivalled MR. WuMK in BH •llCceaalul treatment of this :

In hi* hands it attain» a height of 3 feet, or even more, and produces one to four or five (lowers of a great
site and beauty ; but more commonly, in my own garden, it assumes much dwarfcr proportions, as in
the variety dUtingui-hcd by MR. BAKER as Uamanum If cultivated under glas-, it should be treated
exactly like L. auratum ; but it may IM- grown tad flowered out of dootl with «ucees*. It* propaj
at present is little understood, a» offset* are not produced freely, and the seed», if obtained. »eem to lie a rev
in the ground before germinating.

At the Vienna Exhibition in 1874 a large collection «if l.ilic. wa- -eut by the J.ii.i mm
from the Royal Gardens at Miaco. accompanied by ftTtHw' drawing* from nature Among them Ml
ml forms of L.japomwm, varying considerably in size, form, and colour. One afta* mon) beautiful of
these (which I saw (towering in HERR LKICIITI.IN'» garden in IH;S. under the name of /,. Elizûitfh*) was u
large pink-flowered form rcscmblin" the one which I have figured; and it is possible thai rone arc hybrids
between /.. japumenm and L. aurttlum, which is nearly allied to it.

The plaatt here figured arc the rose-coloured anil the white variety, and were both drawn at
MR. WILSON'- icsidcncc in June 1870. Tl«e outline of a petal nf a lillgsjsr laciniatcd fonu in ell .ujli
this malformation ia probably not permanent. In the • {¡ardener»' Chrndda' for Augu-t II, 1*77. Mr. J. II.
Ml
KaMAOn,of Haarlem, mentions a fine purple-flowered variety in his cardm. which I haw not .1- \<' "
• here.
LILI UM MARTAGÓN.
THE M MM IGOH IILY.

J, M•, • 136; Jttcq.Aui.tr. I. 3.M ; Un. Mag. t. 89S & I 1634 Bad. lil I lid B
Lililí. Jutiiii m p. 144, rt auetorum multotum.

Il,ilhuw>toMcw,li-^tX)Ukañ«,Ba»wceni,per«nni«,«|u»iiii»linc.-nUti». Caulwa-CpcduliN tere«, gl.uVr ».1 pub••ml •-, i indis vel


purpureo Bacalada, l-viu in verS *, 6-tWbläatBS diipoatta, superior» apaña hoitemtaUa • .paüiuUu
âlia tonen, i I pott bap, supra medium IS 1". lin. lato, corta veáis distincti* atrinque t-6 distante
•labra TCloBboacniüa, intern Iba* C-toelL lamia Hacemos Uvas, ata-gatas, , ¡•.diV.-iii,
tUmfcri« ceniui«. intinii» l-:¡ |"'ll l^rmi*. lVriaiithium nuneolcni, rínosn-purpurcum. 16-18 Un. longura. HtOS dono
pubescen«, srgmrnli« UDO.-olati» vnldc rOTOlaUli ¡mus puoctis c.piww lívido parpan li«.
f.neota profund, i \<-.iwita margine pupüWt, apios canadiens aajMU pulxruli- F'ibuncnta S 10 lio. loriga, authera« duplo
MCsdenlia, pollioi robra (Kalium S-o-lincari«, ityll vaíde dedinali tú» tenia parle lutigitudiuis. Capsula turhiuntn.
angula», apio ninliilirmtm.

liai, Bttropa occidental« usque ad Siberian).

/.. hrtutm. Mill l> • no hi /. Uiltrri ." i, est forma robusta caulc pul«..

Î, tat forma naribui atbb muh* «labro foliis nitid. vhidiliaa pollina lutoo Ubmnl forana florilmi
11 net«.

a, SuppL -

Sema, 2137.

parkntbií rrasdatima, «alunite mgnM¡iio«i>purpurea, puneti« obsuleli«.

Alpes Dinaricn*.

pointed, yellowish, 1-3 inches thick. faet high, erect, terete, pube-ccnt or glabrous. Leaves in wh
>< •'.'. with s few si-uttered ones below the flowers, spreadi»:* bo glabrana or «lightly downy be«**atli. Flower«
3-20, or hi cultivation op in a narrow pyramidal raceme ; lower pediocla 1 -3 indie« long, drooping el
not bracteolate, hut having a pair of bracts at t I'.rianth 16-18 liiK-s ch-ep, usually dull purplish red, profusely
spotted, but varying with while and fli-dwoloiired flowers. I >v 1 iig, style «lender, »-9 lines long, curved from
the liase ; tiUmrnl» as long a» »tyle. much curved ; pollen reddish. Capsule turbinate, acutely angled, 1 inch long.

, ,
| lll". Martagón Lily is ao «ill known to every one that ii ¡a hardly necessary to daacribe it li ha* been to
lonir in cultivation, that we havi mi rerord of how and when it was introduced. It may perhapi
indigWlOOa to this country, though more probably, where found in un apparently wild state, it has escaped from
cultivation. It is found all over Western, Central, and Eastern Europe to Siberia, as far mirth as Lit. til . ami in
aucasiu und Oural Mountains, growing in hilly districts in meadows or on the borders of woods, among
long arass, up to an elevation of 5000 or 60oo I,, I

Tin varieties of /.. Martagón are numinous ; hut, as far as I know, only two are found in a wild
namely a•L. AiriafUSI of MMler*! • Garden Dictionary,'** &. Milleri, Schuhes, which is Bgutjd in the Hot. Mag, I
pi. 893, and hi {bund wild, according to Pnorueaon KAU KIMII. in the Harts Mountains and Tbortagia; and,
•ecoodly, /.. yMrtwi of Sprengel'* 'System» Vcgctabiliuin,' figured by JACQUIN in the ' Flora Austríaca,' and
alto in the Bot Mag. pL 1634. This is the ooe luotf common«] seen in gardens, and is the kind S 1
MI Switzerland.

I In. White Martagón, of which I have given a representation on the Plate, ¡a another ury prettj roricty,
not rare in gardens, «her« it probably originated. There are also many others, varying more or less in I
ug, which are occasionally seen at the present time, but were much belter known twi
ago (ride Parkinson's ' Paradisns,' 31, when a long account of them is giren).

Thererj distinct variety of this plant usoaUy called Mmaiirum, though it had been previous!) described
i the name of Cntlama, was hardly known to cultivators until 1876, »hen il was introduced in ipi II
through the ageUC] of Hnnn M vx LaiCHTUN, who undertook a i Dahuatia OU purpose to find il-

«••
Il' district m which it grows, he star
1874! rod, aftei i scree day* l>\ Mm here he went into
;, wild country <m the I y, and, after much inquiry amons the nuti\, -. discovered the plant
he was in search TV lilies b ,«• at about 30O0 i m, and are m»-t mm
m il I ie, the rocky lud of an extinct glacier. Her« ti cut up at intervals bj
CTCTBsscs M H fot broad rod *o deep, in tin lx.it. f which ice and -now «fere lying. Wherever
on the -i'l" of the« crevasses » little lurth i> lodged, the lilies •-•row, having their root* close to the rock in a
calcareous «raul "

i is an < ttretaely brmlit, though il.uk, purple, not easy to describe or imitate,
rod is a little darker than th.it of the variety called Cortaasa, which i- found more to the northward in the
• VcDebicn

Nothing can be simpler than the cultivation of tin Martagón Uly, [f planted in good ml of a stitSsh
character, aad muli-tuili.il, il will ah**] ornamanl to the garden, [ have a dump now in bloom, on
which them musí IM ¡it leasl tin-,.' i men out il ou t the stanu bearing a*, many a-
fort] i" HAj i of i fsym geminate readily, but grow verj slowly, and take seven or eight
l nir bulbe

I have figured Üu Dalmatian variety of the Martagón in preference to the common sort, «-, tboogh jaal
\ to cultivate, il ¡- so much more beautiful and lam known. I have al*o given a representatioa ut
the white vanity and of a pale pink one which I found in I of Coi_ Tnsvon CLABKB.
V

kafiaii^ÈKiK
r"î > r1 . •
•M

LI LI UM SUPER HUM.
THK SWAMP III !

It. rtijifrlmm, I. Kp. 134 ; Bot. Mag. t .936 : Bad. Lit I. 103: Flore dc» Semi, t. lull 16: A« (¡r»y. Mvn p
l.inn. J'iiini. \i\ p, Ml

Bulbua brevitcr «tolonifmu. Minims, aquarais albi» imbrican». Caulis 3 I'.-pcdali», robusta«, glabcr, purpur Folia
in verticillo* .3-^ rMO-fnlinto» ib»pn*it», angnate pblancrolata, acula, firmóla, Hndide »iridia, ajabltt, 3-tHierTata,
4-5 polL Ions«, medio 0-9 lin. lata. Flore» 6-30 in psidenlaai dcltnideara 9-10 poll, latum dbpiiiti : pediceUU apice
«routs infcrioribu» 8•5 poll. InngU, divaricate». Pcruintln.mi .1-1 polL Inngum, »plcndiilc rubro-aurnntiacnm ; «cgmcntia
acutí» lancnolati», medio ii-9 lin. latí», profunde revoluti nferiore punctis vinosia dccoruti», puullulum laiuellitii,
i imprcsaa nuirginibua gkibria pnctliu». Filamcnta 2 '.'¡-pnlliruria. valdr divcigentia; anthère rubclli«, C 9 Im.
i. Omina 9 lli lin. Inngum, rtylo declinato paulo brvviua. Oipfflila ohnvnidea, obtuse 6-angulata.

1/ali. A Canada ad Carolituro. in loci» uliginoaia.

Bulb round, white, produced annually at the end of a ibort rhiïomc, like Hint of /.. rvuMirnur, but usually «lmrt.-r and »tout.-r
Stem 3-6 feet high, strong, glabrous, tinged »iUi puf] le, ií in n vrborl« of S 10, dark green, 8 S-oorrad. Flowers fiom
6 up te SO or 10, in a broad pyramidal raceme. 1'erianth $-4 inciten long; the «cgnusut» ranch rtcumd, bright oral
with purple «pota, and a green triangular mark at the base of the il < gment*. Ovary, anther«, ityle, and capsule
much a» in /.. c<rrwd/u*r. but larger. I

tTMIE Swamp Lily is found commonly in most of the Eastern States of Nortli America, from Canada to
Carolina, growing in wet and swampy •¡round which is sometimes under «rater all tin «inter.
MB. HANSON tills uu- that he our, found I -pot in New Jersey when then were at bust Ö000 plant« of
tin- noble Lily all in Mower at once, ranging up to 6 feel high, .nul bearing as many as .'id flowetl ; but
out of the whole number it wa» diflicult to lind Btlj alike. The western range of this plant
is not well known; and toward» the Southern States it merges into a distinct form oi known as
/.. raroliniamtm, Mich . of which I »hull give a BgtW separately. Accord»)',' to I'IIOK. ASS (¡R VV, the
Swamp Lil\ als,, approaches /.. cauairntt ?erj closely in some of its fonns ; but, a> far a» I have seen,
they may always be distinguished l>\ tin green triangular marks at the base of the inner pcriautii-scgn
and generally by the purple colour of the stein,

L. suprrkum, in suitable soil, attains a great bliebt and beauty, but is rarel] seen in |i rfection in
England. It like» a deep, wet, peaty situation, and will hardly exist on dry or It may
be seen to great advantage in the nurseries of MK. A WATBBBR, at Knaphill, al MR. P. Bviti; . and
elsewhere.

It has been introduced into this country for at least a century, perhaps longer, and i- rably
COaunon. It, bulbt are impatient of removal, and should never be disturbed when the plant i» in a
tnitringState It produces seed freely; but this doe* not germinate for a year or more aAcr sowing, and
i» ven troublesome to raise. Though in size, number, and colour of flowers the plant is vary variable,
1 have seen uo varieties worth naming, what is known as L. tuprrlmm pyramidal* being »imply .i luxuriant
form of the plant when well established in deep moist soil.

If] Agon was taken frum a plant which flowered at Mn. WILSON'S toward» the end of July 1876,
tad, tbougb DOt showing the green star at the base of the tlower as plainly as I should wish ¡food
i pu sentalion of it.
WEM

LILIUM LEICHTLINI
LEnim.iN'v LILI

U. UMUHWV, Hook. RL, Dot Mag. i. M7S; 111 DM • 5W¡ Flore dea Stnies, I IT 16 fc 2191 tt; B Ig Hort ISC», t. il.
Floral Mag. t 509.

(«m»«, pereimi«, globoso«, *piami» panci» lati» »culi« rrawis ucts itnbricatla. Cauli« - :•[•' 1 lliSj iitro-hrunneu!, gracili*.
obscure pubcrulu*. ba»i rcpeiu. Folia .10-10. «jar«, linearía, asocndcntia, «Mírate «iridia, tirina, plana, .l¡*tii>i-U- trinerrata,
: .i i •_:, poll loan, 3-4 lin. Uta, «uprcm» laDcaolata Fkm i I \ I na earjmbost; pediccllU erccto-patrntiliu», 3-1
poli, longis. «pico ccrnui«. Perianthiiiiii ¡nndutiiui. 'i\ :". poli, longum, tplcndidr rilrinnni, extOJ purpureo tinctum, intu-
punotis vino«« OOBipieail e l»s¡ u«quc «upra medium »pareum ; SSgianthi hutenUSUS, medio S 12 lin. latís, profonde revoluti».
antee callona ranalieukii». prop« baaiu lew léesela excavata marginibn« obscure pubescentibu« úutrai
Filament* flava, •-'-'.'l-]>olI»nni. Iiuv ilivrrgeniia; aniln-ri« rubro-brunm-i», «1 7 lin lonjri«. Orarium eracUc, 9 lin. longum ;
("clinoto. 2 poli, longo. r»|»ul« mihi Ignota.

V»r. v.utí, Wila. in Jonrn. Hort. 1*73, 371, ram inn liixiirUn« horten»».

Hob. Japoniu (MAXIMOVICZ).

Bulb amall, whitr, with a few thick broad «calm. Stem 2-4 feet high, not aacending directly from the bulb, bat creeping
underground horizontally to MM distance from it, and bearing «mall bulb« at interval» upon it« «ubtermncous portion.
Leave« scattered, SO-1 • > in number, 3-t) in '.-I line« broad, acutely pointed, and gradually narrowed to tho bat*,
distinctly 3-nerred, obscurely piil.entlou» beneath, Flower« 1 3 or sometime« more; pedicel» 8-4 indie» long. Perianth
Iu» deep, bright yellow ; tho divisions much Massed,laiimnhta, J 1 inrli broad, »potted copiously with pot]
red, the base broad, with ÜH groove sdged with hairy lines. Ovary } inch lonir, *t}le 2 Inch lachea,
anther» 6-9 line»; pollen leomsh, Capsule unknown to me, but »aid by Paori: : MíMMOWICX to be large, and flat at
the «]>ex, with six ppimini i

^IMIE handsome Lily Which bean the HM of one who has perhaps done mure for tlii- genii- in a horticultural
staae than any other peñón, Ilium MAX I.i.ictiTi.iN, of Baden, u.i> finri brought t» notice 1>> lu
u Mili uta! appearance nmoiiL' t I bed of /.¡Hum aiimtiim in MESSRS. VBITCII'N \iir-ny in l*i¡7. Since then it
lias been imported ip in Japan, nul hsa been cultivated with indifferent mecen in Europe, though,
a- Mu. WILSON has shown, there is no reason why the plant should not be grown and propagated with u much
la many other species. The Creeping habit which is characteristic of this Lily must always be taken into
Mnisideration, as, if planted in a small pot, the shoot is apt to get broken or checked in its growth ; and ¿is it is
I
in MT rerj robust, in many case« (hath ensues. If planted in the open «round, care luust IR- taken that the -oil
i- light and protected from the hot sun, as this Lily i- easily soorched up ami injured by drought in summer,

Very little il known of the plant in it- native eOUntT] ; but 1 .mi indebted to I'KOIK-M.U M AM MOW l<v. for
the following infoimutton :•" 1 had this Lily first from the gardens of Vedo, in ISlia. l>ln--oiiiin- at the end
of July mid in lugUSt, under the name of ' Mirado Yuri,' i.e. Lily from Hinulo island ; but the uatiu botl
calla plant which seems to be a variety of /. ilrgam by the same name. In the middle of November I got
i ipe fruit from the woods at the foot of Fuil-i-y.im i. From here il i- -.ml to extend throughout tin Id-u
peninsula to the neighbourhood of Yokohama, lint nowhere very rommon. It bear- I 7 Bowers, and ilitlu-
from L. MarimtiKtrzi in the following particulars :•

" f.. f.tictilliiii. /. A/ssnra


Tin- Item is terete . iiediiuclc- lottgCI The -tern is wiaged and angular : peduncle-
than flower, i lir than tin llnwi i.
-m bracteate mostl) in the middle: »tern bracteate al tin ban.
perianth-segneats longer, nur-
rower, more revolute; -t.nn.n-
and style longer: filament- nar- Filaments broadly subulate.
rowly subulate ; -tvlcclub
thickened.
t apsule three tiuu - a- large. Hat Capsule emboaste.1
apes, with six pramioi
A- FMmo. SI« i h pertap. the onl, bot•* «ho ha, lud the •*
ÚMMqwdM i ¡M rttto, Sna, might OM»l be allowed to hi» Opinion, bot I «MOl «,t1...ld tin mnark
Ont, hMMW difieren appear at Irrt ««ht, I «<« oot inclined, as far a* iq J *•«• "'
cultivation ROC* to allow much importan« to the« character». In fact, if it WW BOt «I"' •** I
a, 1)K. IIOOKKK and Ha, BAW. had treated ÚÜ. plant M B distinct q«*« 1 ihonhi be hvotoed to JO»
it with L^Atagrmmm and A. Mrtm*** Tin coloor of the flower, howeter, «ill nl«vn>» «totagWÄ il
from either of UM«, and dm- not teem to vary at all.

TT,e for» dietngo-hed a, L. UtMM «9» H, I Wiwe, in • pert .,,--•, oí tl .p. rio,
cultivation fur which Ma WILSON II M dUtinfjuMird. M 1 have not (000 ¡< «M«!" » to garden. am
mdebted to him for the plant here figured, which flowered at Ilcatherbank in lolj I*;.'

I
LILIUM CALLOSUM.
SIEBOLD'S LILY.

L Callotum, Sieb. & Zuce. Ft. J»p. ix. SC, t. 11 ; Miquel, Ann. Un«. I.ug. Hot. iii 156 ; Flore de» Srrres, t 230.

I, pm/ioitiitm, Thanh. Fl. J»p. 134, non linn.

Pmt-Juri, K•mpfer. Anurn. T. 871.

Ilulhus lomiv p. irnm» «piami« poncis lanccobiti«. Caulis 2-3-pcdali« gracili« terra glaber. Folia 20 .10 «pana linean»
ascendentia glabra firma viridia 3•5-ncrrata msreinibu« angtute revoluti*, fasMen 3-4 poli, longs, medio 1-2 Un. lata,
«iprrioro sensim minora. Raeemna angiiítu» laxni 2-9-florus pcdicelli« brevibu« cernais, bractei« geminan» ligulati» crassu
4-9 Un. longis, ápice obtnrii callosi*. Pcrlanthium coceineom, 15-18 Un. longnm, segnu-titis oblancrolati>4|iailiuUt !
Un. latís, ápice cuciillntU, fovcoln glabra profunde catarata, margiuibus glabris. Filamenta perianthio tríente breviom.
antln-ri» coccineis S~4 Un. longis. Ovarium 6-10 lin. longuin, »tylo clavato lcviter djclinato. Cantuta «longata lo-H lin
long«, obtuse angolais.

Huh Japonia et iiiiube Luochoo ( MJUIJíOWICX, OLDIUM, Dirons*).

Var. BtanonrUsU.

/.. texnifolium, rar. tttnopltytttm, Baker, J. L. 8. Bot. xiv. p. 251.

/, tvillumn, Maxim PI Amur

L. ¡inmilHm, Regel. Gartrnflura, lSf.S, t. 4fiS. fig. 1, et Hort Leichtlm. non D.C

Cnnli« Immilinr, fnlii« Utiorihui, bracteis haud reí minos callona

/fei. Mantchuria (MAIJMOWICX). Dararia auditwiriratalii (Mua).

Bnlb globose, an inch thick, with oblong cuspidate wliite scales. Stem 1J-S feet high, «lender, terete, glabrou«, green, «hading
to purplr at base. Izares 20-30, scattered, lax, linear, 3-4 inches long, 1-2 line* broad, narrow«! gradually to the base,
acutely pointed, the edges «lightly revolute, It lllMWil Flower« 2-9 ; pedicels arcuate, ascending, 1-3 inches long,
«ubtended (in the Japanese plants though not «o diitinctly in the Siberian «pcciiuen«) by a pair of bract», callón« at thr
tip. Perianth minium-red, with obscur»- black dot« on lower half, 1J-1J inch long, the segment« oblancvolate-spathulate.
3-4 lines brood, obscurely papillose, recurved from about half their length. Ovary clárate. 1 inch long; «tyle } inch long.
Filament« about an inch ; anther« versatile, $-4 line« long; pollen scarlet Capsule 1J•11 inch long, narrow in proportion
to its length.

'TMIE plant here described is one which, until quitt recently, was little known in Europe; and as it has
been confused by author« with another species (L. tetiui/olium), I have taken an early opportunity
of figuring it.

Originally described and figured in SIKBOLD'« fine folio work on the Flora of Japan, it was afterwards
discovered by PROFESSOR MAXIMOWICZ in Amurland and Mantrhuria, ami introduced by ÜAAOI to the Botanic
Garden of St. Petersburg in 1859. The continental variety which lu sent, King in some points unlike the
Japanese plant figured by SIBBOLO, was supposed by DR. RBGEL to be the ¡Mium ¡mmi/urn of RKOOI TI*. .,IHI «a-
rigured by him under that name in tin ' (int. ntlora' for 1865.

This variety was afterwards described by MR. HAKER in the 'Journal of the Limuan Society,' from a
drawing of MR. LEICIITLIN'S. as a variety of L. t>mii/altum. On a nibieigUBf examination of the pleut in a
Dring (Beta, and comparison with dried specimen* from Japan, however, MR. MAKER agreed with me that it
i- real!« ••t distinct fri.m Si K HOLD'S species, though the callous bract*, «hieb in hi» figure are proliahly somewhat
exaggerated, are hardly visible in many specimen».

PnorBSSOR MAXIMOWICZ of St. Petersburg, to whom I applied for information, confirms this opinion,
and Uli- me that this variety, which he calls pumilum, is smaller and lower than the Japanese variety, ha- fewer
flowers, broader leaves, and lc*s conspicuous bracts. He found it rare in Mantchuria, in the low flats along the
•ri nver; l)ut more .ommon on drier meadow« further up the «»me river, where it flower» in the month of
July. The Japanese plant he fouud abandantlj round Nagasaki, at ¿00-3000 feet elevation, in tuountain-pasturc»,
«hen it (lowers from July to the end of September•also in grassy valley» at the foot of volcanic mountains in
Simaban ; hi did not find it, however, in the island uf Nippon.

Simoi.ii tells u* that he found it growing, in company with such plants as SmilaetM, IstpiJUa, t'crouita,
and various grasses, on the slopes of volcanic mountains. He also states that the bull» arc collected and eaten
like those of /.. Hijrmum, either boiled or roasted. They are very nourishing and agreeable in taste, and are
used in a preserved state a« a remedy for chronic coughs.

As an ornamental plant this species has little to recommend it. It* flower» arc small and dull in colour
compared with must Lilies; and though it is quite hardy and easy of culture, it i- not likely to find favour iu tin
majority of gardens. The specimen figured (lowered in my garden in July 1875, from a bull) sent me by
Da. lU.r.KL in the previous autumn. It produces seed in good seasons -, but, being now tolerably abundant in
cultivation, 1 have not attempted to raise it. 1 believe that most of the plants now in England arc of Russian
origin, and belong to the Siberian variety, as 1 have seen none which showed the callous bracts as distinctly as
they are shown in dried specimens from Japan.
LILILÍ M PARVIWI.
rIIK SMALL-ÏLOWEBBD BOCKY-ÏOUNTAIN LILY.

/. pamat, KaDogg, Pune ( al Acad ii n;<. i 62; majal,Oaitegftm, i. 72ó ; Ihichartre, OU. 08.

L widrunt, var. JMNMB, Baker. Ijnn. Joum xiv. |>. "241 ; Bot. Mag. t, ti

Itnibu« brevitcr rhixirniatotu«, »quaraii luxii articulai», albidis. Cauti* lí-.S-pnlalúv, teres, viridi», glubcr, mira racrmum mulo«.
I Dlata vcl »parsa. 2-3 poil, longti. 1 0 lin. lata. Raosmu» laxu« 2-SO.florus, peóicallú «son !,-ihl.u« 2-6 poU.
Floren lioriionluh« i. 1 »uberecti. IVrianthiuin longum, nurontiacum, ucpjjaiiiH) pun<
m-gmcnti» ¡uul'u, 3 6 lin. latí», »upra medium falrati«. Ovarium S-4 11» longum, »tyli j«bcr.«ti .Incidía longitudine-
Captala Iruucata 4-6 1ÜL longa, 3-4 lata, olituK angulata.

Uat. California, t¿ -, MVIB, alt. 4O00-S00O pede* (KKLLOGO; BOLAXDKS; Rom).

Bulb »malí tu fib* ¡dunt, »ho,tly TíI iy. .ninti .ni. und compos«! of many loosely attached, «mull, »hit«-, jointed »cale*.
2-6 feet Ugh, usually iinl.il baton the raceme. Leaves «cattcn-d, or in whorl» of 8 10, lanceolate, 2-3 inches long, 4-<l
¡U- Rowan 2 or ¡I to 30, or »omctimc» even oa many a» 60 in number, diapoaed in a loose raccnie on snbercct
pedicels 1 i ini In « long, inclined upward» or horizontal, bol not Perianth 15-1S linea long, pale or ilark
«nun;.-, usually »potted, the segment, p all m -1 Ir about a third of their length. Style »traight. twice a» long at the ovary.
Mung, unaller thnn in an] I th* *HM »[«-ein

''PII' i ¡limit,,, though appticobb t.. the Bower* of this plant, which are small in comparison «nth
those of it» luaiisl allie-, is Certainly not descriptive of the species ; for though not usually seen in
u thriving condition in Europe, il ii -.nil to attain in its native mountains a height of 5 (bat, 01 1 < a more. It
lia.» only been known bo tin MJOTtinC world «inc. I«'.«,, when DR. KU, of Ban francisco, described it ;
and though not recognised a« • distinct aneeie* by MR. HAKKII, I think I can clearly show that, though a
variable plant, it never approaches any of the (bran of /.. mimi/en.«, and may also be dutínguiabed from any
Other Lily by it«, hull), canaula, and feb* form and position Of it* Bowers, which are always more erect than
drooping.

It i- a Mtivc of the highe* pin» of tin - vada and other ramie« in the Pacifie States of North
ICO, where it is found at an elevation of 4000 8000 IVct. It i« said l>\ DR. BOLAMOUI to grow exclusively
DO the hank« of mountain-streams, or in shady swampy place« through which a constant stream of cold
water

It wa« hr-t Introduced b] M«. B. RoBXL, who suit it tO Dunn I.KUuri.is in ls72, ami im figured
in the • (.arteiitlora ' in 1S7.1, though, owing to the weak condition of the plant, that plate docs not give a
good tih 1 of it« real character.

There aie many varieties of colour, some without spots, anil some much deeper than the plant figured ;
but 1 hare neve« awn any departure (rom the characteristic form and position of the tlower. five of
varietie« are named by MR. J. EL KRKI..\«¡I., of Haarlem, in his 'Catalogue of Lilies' for 1876.

The bulbs uf thi« Lily sometime« grow in large masses which produce a uumlter of stems and ramif]
in every direction; the scales are usually articulated in three or four place«, and lie very fragile. On this
account it 1- be»! to leave it undisturbed a« long as possible, until, either from the exhaustion of the soil or
from th. overcrowding of the stem», it becomes neeeeaar] to divide it.

It appears to sunetil 1M «t in un.i«i peat] «oil, and if undisturbed SO00 acquire* vigour, though 1 have
nowl example than the one here figured, for which 1 am indebted to Manas HVRR an.I Si v
in whow ground* it Bowered in July 1676.
MU l M NKILGHKItIMKNSK».
I m NBILGHBRR? LILY.

L. ntU/hmie**, Wight, In. t. IM 1 BUnt, lian. Joan ú\ p


/,. fMfl.irum. Wight, 1 - t M

/ Il -("i>,',,.,i»"w, Wight, Ir. I. 1086) non Schulte«, fil.


/, M,/,,. Stood in Hohen, PI Or i 8N.

LemaiVe, 111. Hart. x. t

Itulbu» globoro«, I S-pethC ,ri-. »».¡du,, quand, craw», buiccolati«. Cauli» 2-3-pedali*, »Irirtns KUU-r. h*»i rah terra hm
cuaba*. Folia «MO, ghdna, nítida »iridia, «amntleritia, »[KUM, di.tincte S-S-aemto, inferior* 8-4 poO. tonga,
- 13 Un, lato. l'Inné 1 3 V.-1 plnme, alM v.l Imci, •WWOkntet, linrmmtnl.i lYrianthium angu.tc infurxtilul n
poil, longura. tobo 2 •*. poil, copia basin vix amnlmto, •rgmeitti. oUaoeeohlO«*jUealalil flore expon» apicc aolum fa!.
cuapiilatis, apicc callona, 10-20 lin. latis. Stamina |>criaiitliio paulo hreviora, »ntheri» anguiti-, 8 1 •_• l,n. longis, polliiir i
Ovarium 12-10 lin. tonna, <um ttylo g| ..cari, «tuminilm« «spiilongum. Captnla oblonga, obtuse «ngulata,

//.jJ. Ad monte«!' nlaii», 5000-8000 ped. ait. (WIOBT; Loua; MOHOAX).

Bulb roundiih. compo«ed of firm, thick, compact whituh or purplish («le«. Stem uraally creeping at the hue, «onietim« -
distance of I 1 i'.-t. bearing many bulbil« on it» uibtemuwoua portion, 1 S feet high, itont, glabrous, green, or tinged
purple. Ij-avc* 30-40, lanceolate, crccto-patcnt, the lower one« 3-5 inchea long, 8-12 line« brood, the upper OOM betMOtlng
much »hortet but nnt narrower, 3-".iu-rved. Flower» 1-3, or more, dlOOplDg in the bud. horirontal when expanded, »Int.
or lemom-cninur, occasionally pink-tinged. Perianth 6-12 inclir. In II ingfB, «hi, the tube narrow for nearly half it« length,
and the month widely expanded and »lightly recurved Begiucut« hnad, distinctly keeled, and callous at the tip. V
•hotter tluin tin- Itjle, iiuther» narrow, pollen yellow. Capsule 1J 2 inches long, umbilicate a« the apex.

ritwO year« ago I should hardly have ventured t'> publish the plate here given, lest I should be said to have
exaggerated tin -i/.c and beauty of this (lower ; but I am now confident that, so far from execed'ne.
these respects the limit-, of troth, I have, if any thing, fallen short of them.

I,ilium nrilgherrientc ha« larger flowers than any plant belonging to the Order Liliácea with wh'n h I am
acquainted, :i-. in ilrieil apei inn us which 1 have examined, the) exceed a foot in length, and, though not so
attractive in colour as in some other kinds, are most ehüant in I'm m and dclieionsly scented.

The late Pit. WH;IIT, whose great illustrated work on the plants of ¡southern India will always remain
a* a monument to his labours, first discovered this plant in the Ncilghirrj Hill-. tn whieli, with a lew ..11,. i
nu.untain-tracts of moderate area in Southern India, it is restricted. Though nearly allied to Wallicb'a Lily,
which represents it in the Himalaya!, and varying considerably in itself, the Ncilghcrry l.ily may be looked
upon as a distinct and fairly well-marked •pnTTM ttlwayil t<' be recognized bj it* long-tubed open-mouthed
flower, its creeping item, and short leave«.

Though found in hilly parts of the Mysore territory, uorth of the Ncilghcrric-, thi- l.ily i- nut known
mth certainty to exial in the Annamally and Cardamom Hills to the southward ; but when travelling through
these little-known regions in March 1870,1 found what I Mine wctv the withered -Uni- .if thi- plant: .mil
judging from the resemblance of the flora of ÜMM mountain- to that of the Ncilghcmcs, 1 have little doubt
it «ill lie found in them wherever suitable localities exist.

\li< It. MORCAN tells mc that L. »rityAemcwr is generally found growing in rocky and precipitous places,
and also amongst low Acanthi* bushes on hill-side-. It luxuriates in the black loamy toll fomd in tin chinks
and crevices of large rocks, and thrives in a comparatively warm climate, such a- that of Coonoor, at about
5000 feet clcvatioti-though ah» found up to K000 feet, on the Snnwdon and Dodabctta peaks. It flower- in
September or October, and ripens its seed in January or Februar».

• Areotmiig to tie modem »y.tcni of .|*ile . I thil •'"•U h •%•»•! (tb XiUrin laljn ; fttil «• tac name h» torn iprh by
Wnn «a« tUaaa in the conrauiiaial «my, I ilimk ¡I bcrt, <« »">«i oonftuion. »o adhere to it.

\
It was ßrsl im s living state to Enron« I cm learn, hy M«. Loan, when travelling
tor M bul either becaui - which be teal were nol hi food order, or from
• .m-., tin plant was never distributed, and, tin - of the Royal Horti-
cultural Society on lid] •-'•.'. 1809, and figured by I.IM um ia thi *e ' Illustration llortieole,'
>ii afterwards lost - i ^lii of.

In 1876, through the kinds f Ha. H MOHOAK h Itowejrcdetrojndy ta II


and large iniportatioas hare since beenmado b) Massas. BAB* and SCODBK, BULL end others ¡ (.laut,
«lií.ii prava t<> have a nuch better constitution and to be mon eaaj to cultivate Hum many of Us congeners,
is nol likely again to die nut.

Though it maj possibly ¡jrow und flower out of doors m tin of England, anderen añal
ebewhere, I should not reoonmend an] oa< m In il I as a hardy plant•not only on account nf its dislike to
luit «till more becaoae of the very late period at which it commences growth,

Kxccpt /.. H'aUirhi/imwi, I know of no Other I.ily whieli is M late, both in coming np and ill dying down .
andhhaa another peculiarity which muât bowel] ed by those who wiah to succeed in ite cuitare•
namely, the tendency whieli I j the young (hoot tn run tor name d'tatanCC in • hiiriz.mtal diroction bi ton
Ig to the surface. Tltis habit, though not invariable, i« usual, and cause« the loss or injury of many bulbs
when grown in ]>••'>. if car« hi not taken to watch the fini appearance of the «hoot and direct it upwards filling
np «¡ill earth to the requisite level after it is »ell above ground , otherwise the ihoutl «ill descend against the side
of the pot, and, after taking a turn round at the bottom and watting their strength among the crocke, «unie np
through a drain-lmle, or perhaps appear at last on the surface too late in tl ad too exhausted to flower.

If care !>e taken nnt to nvci «atcr it, and to keep down aphides, | I.iI> «ill succeed Ui
perfection, planted out in a Camellia-house, «here it «ill have plant] Hit at wilL

Though I haw not vet s,.,.• ,••re than three Bowers on a single item, I heuere it is capable of producing
far mon ; and as nothing is easier than to have plants flowering in BOCCOaaMU from July to Noveiuher, it must bi-
eimsiiti red 11 ii. ;t nol lunorior to /. anmium as an indoor Uly, and mrpaaeing all others, except I,. s/Keionim.
which I still liMik on as the hi mis.

Though the Dowers vary in sine from 0 ¡aches np to a foot Inns, and in colour from creamy white to lemou-
vellow and occasional!] pink, the varieties an not, in a botanical point of view, very remarkable; and until 1
know more about their constancy and local distribution. I should be disinclined to separate any of tluiu from the
type, though Wu.irr, relying on character« which in this genus arc of little \ulne. dj Mrflwd them ¡>- linn np

The seeds, winch seem to lake much longer in ripening than is the case with U1ÍCS from higher latitud, s.
germinate quickly, like those of/., lonyijlorxm, and | i the manner of /. easnJMmn. 1
•ne that in four or five p) will attain a flowering size j but as pi ma da f>. .ly, Imth
on the bulb and on the subterranean stem, it is easy to increase the plant without so great an enerase of path m i

The plant lure figured flowered in the garden nf J. II. ÜLWU, KSQ., at Colcsborue Park, Gloucestershire,
in July IK/li, and is the same from which a drawing «as made by MK. I-'ITCII for the ' Gardeners' Chronicle.'
LILIUM PARDA LIN TM.
THE CALIFORNIAN LILY.

h. pardal,»um. Kell., Ploc. Calif. Acad. ii. 12; Duchartre, Ob«. 97 ; Baker, Una. Jcrorn. xw p

/. pardalimum, var. patitdifiMum. Baker. IM M

I, pardaUnum, rar. Bovryin, Baker, foe. ctí.

I.. ¡tariMiHHtn. var. caltfornieum. herb. Lindlcy : Florid. 1873, p. 318, t. SS.

t /.. ¡iofiHi, Regel, Gartenflora, t 6G7. 1872.

L. amadou*, ni. fíartiteyi. Baker. Gard. Chron. 1871, p. 321.

1. «nádente, va. Watkeri, Wood, Proc. Aead. Phil. 1868, p. 166.

T L. eanadente, var. puberulum, Torr. Bot. Whipple, 90.

Balboa magnat, breviter dolonifrrut, sqaamù lanecolatîa plurimi«, strpinime artiealatia. t'aalU 3-6-pcdali», terca, viridis, glaber.
Folia ¡n vertidlloa 6-12-foliatos diapoaita vel eparca, 3-6 poll, langa, 0-1S lin. lata, glabra, leneiu, 3-7-venata. Flora 3-30
m raremum diapowti, pedicclli» clongati» apicc cernais. Pcriunthium 2-3 poil, longum, splendide rabrum, fundo aumo'i-
arum, purpuieo punetatuni, srgmenti« Innncolati» paulluliini lumcllato-papilloaia. foveola exeavata, roarginiboa glabri«
Stamina periantbio tríente brevíora, antheri« fulvi»; »t)lua uvarium duplo »opérant. 12-13 Un. longut. Capsula oblonga,
ápice umbilical«.

Bal. California. Orrgoo. Utah. (HAKTWEO; llorar.. KB!!««*), &r. i.

Bulb large, whitr, producing 1-6 atolón» or new bulb« annually ; composed of thick, white, often articulated acalca. Stem J-tt
feet I 1 ibrous, green. I*avr* t-7 inch« long. 1-2 brood, oblong huiceolalr, generally in regular whotla of ti-12
or more, but nn yonng plant» often »cattcrcd : veina from 1 to S, more or let« indUtinct. Flower« 8-90, arranged on long
pedicel» in on open raceme. Perianth 2-3 Hiebet long, red or crimaon, with the lower part nf the segment» orange, »potted
with purple, much reflrxed. Filament« a third shorter than the segment* ; «tyle curved, twice a« long a« the ovary. Caprale
an inch long, umbilicate at the apex.

rpiIE fine Lily, of which one variety ¡a here figured, ha* been known for some years, having been collected
by HABTWHO in 1848, and rcceiveil the MS. name of californic am from Dit. LINIM.I.Y AS, however,
no description was published until 1869, and a plant which hud been previously named by TOHRBY cannot
certainly be referred to this ipccta, it will IK beat to keep it under DR. KKI.I.OCG'S name, by which it is
most generally known both in America and England.

The Vtlietiei uf this species arc both numerous and puzzling ; but after watching the growth of many
plants from different sources, in my own garden and those of other*, for four seasons, 1 am inclined to believe
that not more than two or thru an worthy of description, and that even these might so change their form.
if removed to a different soil ami rlimate, that it would be hard to recognize or distinguish them, Botanista
win n naming species from dried -pceiuieiis, or after the comparison of a few plágala, are often iiu-lnl b]
characters which stem at the time good ami distinct, but which pro\c too unstable 10 rely on j so that the
confusion which prevailed amour, tin various western spun- of American Lilies would hardly have been
cleared up if it had not been for the assistance that has been derived from horticulture.

I cannot etrtainly say whether the planta named ISouryai. Hoezlii, and H'alifri come properly under
this •pedca or not. bol no living plunt out of the thousands I have examined can be referred to either
L. emadrnte or L. sitperbtim ; and though these species, or varieties of them, may extend west of the Rocky
Moimtains. yet 1 am inclined to think that all the Lilies with stohuul'i•urns bulbs from the Pacific Siati«
are forms of L. pardaltmmt.

As I shall have to give anothir Pinte of this specie«, I will leave the description of the dit:
varieties for a future article, merely stating that the one figured here, which, I believo, should stand as var.
cali/vmieiim, may always I"-- ilisiiuunishcd from the rc»l by the greater size and beauty, though smaller number,
of its Bower«, which I '1 three in number. I was informul by IIEIUI ROKZI. that it is found on the
coast range, at a lower elevation than tin other varieties, and that in the interior it is represented by a taller
and many-flowertd plant which he called /.. puberulum.
.

.
LlLllM CAROLINIAN UM.
Ill SO! i lll.KN 5* Wll'-I.II.Y.

mm, Mkhsax, Flora, i. 1!>7 ; Bot. Ma«, t iSSOj Bet Keg. t 680: Nott. Gen.
i:uir,i. B •
/. Ifj ••''"

/• aatrnmaU, i-.id Bot Cah


/.. «jwrftniH, vor a, Baker, Linn. Jniirn. xi», p. 243.
/• mortajo», Wuli H Carol pi IS]

W MDiilis ' bet?, tiiidi» Folia quant in /.. super/m pulidora,


raulto hliora,lwwtaw, ht ; ra medium raaUa aUfiesHa, rallona »parta. Flora* 1-S da /,. laptrtt untiles,
wtl segmenta minus retí luía, laticini, obtnnora. •

Ilali. A Carolina ail Florida» et Louinianam . NITTAIX).

Bulbfiba thai f ¿> sspsrsssi, sen, deader,glabrous, Uavci much fewer, »honor, and broader than in
. BSUaN] 1 t inches lotuj, 1-1J inch broad. Flower» 1, <>r rarely a. many a« :i. much resembling tbow of
Mi'i the segments leas recurved, having a distinct appearance which to describe

TT i> with much doubt that I venture to treat this plant as a distinct - im /.. superium, tu which it is
undoubtedly closely allied; but win tin r i iirasamtrelocnlvaruty.it has many Chanelen by
which it ( ed with certainty j and as its geographical raiiïc is quite distinct from thai
/.. taptrbum, it I ud claims to specific rank a- »one other Li]

It appears to be always a dwarfcr, non »lender, and fewer-flowered plant; fur NOTTAIA, win» knew
it well in ita own country, says he never «aw it with more than one Bower in a wild state-, and though hi
gardens ¡t may attain IVMI or Ú tar inferior to its northern con gth.

It- leaves are rerj different als« in appearance from those of /.. »aptrbim or any variety oft, mnadense
that 1 hare seen; and there is about tin whok plant a peculiar character, ml t" be expressed in words,
which would ati
I
BoWAKM >a\s that until he had wen a living planl In could never pcr-iuulc himself tliat there
rating it from /. íupnhum, but was then fully conviuced of the expediency
!
of thii i [ am quite prepared ry opinion, on the receipl of fresh evidence, I I
us. far as our present knowledge of the plant (joes, he was right

stive of the swamp« anil pinc-barretis of the south-western Sta1 • I Nurth America, being
d lorn in great abondai mewhal local in its distribuí
It ha» frequently been introdoeed into cultivation, and as often lost, perhaps owing to its comparative tenden
tuptrbum. Indeed I was unable to procure living plants till
my kind and ve rpondenl MR. C, J. 1'IUNOI.E le« bullís which had been collected in
ie flowered »house in July, and another al Mn WIMON'B in August

Except ai a botanical vaiiuy. 1 do not think that the plant is 1¡U.


:h the flow« dividual!) large and well coloured, they si the plant i- too tendí
nakl |• eoratiun. It flower- at least a month later than any variety of /,. tuptrbum
1 hav ad Ma r.i.i.iu, in the gardens of Charleston it month or m weeks later
than

N
The plate wss lithograph, d by Mn PITCH, ft Irawing mad' bj Ma
¡red to abo
LILIUM (ATKSIi.KI. *

I \l BSBT'S 1.11 \
1
I i .'.Art, Walt Fl. Carol, p. 123 ; Bot. Mag. t. IM ; Lodd. Bot Gab. L BOT ; Sweet, lim. now. Oattl. «er. ii. t 185:
Flor«, i ¡. 1(7 : l'urib. Pl. Anvr. Beet i p MB . Klliot, Bot. i. 3Ï7; Baker, Ulm. Joum. dl |
L. tftctaWt. Salub. Stirp. Rar. t

/.. canJimmnum, Catcby. Car. i. L 68, non Michaux.

Bulbus pona«, fregili«, MI uaini» alb» mwari-uweroliitl». Caul» 1 -2-pedalU, grncili«. tere«, glaber. riri.li». r'olia <
Untaría, 2•4 polL longa, 2-3 lin. lata. Pcriaiithiniti »"litarium. crcctuin, tat-
Aavum vt'l uiiniatum, aegmenti* nblongis-biiiopohitiis marline undtdatu, niedio 11-12 lin. latía, dli
I poll, loitgiim, ra
tiaai
A

J
nnpie canalieulatu mar|¡ín¡biu nv< 1 longo pnrditi«, facie paneti» porpurei« »parc- 1 • Inga,
antheri» angustia, 4-6 lin. lange«, polhnc Hum • barium 9-12 lin. lirngum; atylua grácil», onrium du >'

IM. A Carolina ad loiii.iaaiun et Mianmpni, l'emunltania! (Miciuti; Pro»«. ( »TBBï)L

Bulb »mall, »hit.-, with narrow fragil* icalca, terminating in linear Irai« 3-4 inrlir» long, which fall off and Ira» »car»
the plant Möwen. Stem 1-2 feet high, erect, glabro««, bearing 15-30 aanew, pofaltad, «.-attend leave«, which an- largwt
«ml become •mailer upward». Flower», in all the »petiiiu-t» I have - • \g, the tegnienti with
•ndnbti tl edge« «harply pointed at 11» top, ami uidd.-ttly narrowed into a dialinet linear claw, dec: i
bright r. ! ¡lotted with purple. Filament» •8 inchea long: anther« "mull, aril
a little langet than »tarnen«, which are closely pre»»ed to it, m ig. Capiul rae.

| II WE figured thli eery tüaariiwi plaoi m Hu auna Plata ai /.. camllmmmn, baeanae it i- a native
of the same part- of the United States, and lacee two ipeciei, a- 1 believe, art UM only ' '
found there.

Though a not uncommon plant in many of the low sandy meadows, swamp-, and pi»
outhera State*» from Carolina to Louisiana mid MSaneaippi, it i» little known in Kurope, being of •> eery
delicate CM nil unable to endure the coH nf nur climate. It has been frequently introduced
and figured in rariou* publication-, and Bl often lo*t; so that, though I
and is most distinct in ip| I om an> other Uly, it was, until recently, not to be found in any
¡«Icr.ilih- !•
j
Collection, What has been grown Bl /.. Cattibtri in the Hutch and BclgiaB iiur-cncs is. .1- I
!. a variety of /. Jacuricum, and baa not tbc least resemblance t.. the true plant.

'Die structure nf the bull. 1» >n\ différent tr.iiii th.it of any other Lily, though il » euh.,1
that of L. orypetalum, as figured iu the 'Botanical Magazine,' i. 1731. It ¡s compe
»bite -cali«, tWiahnting in linear leave* »hieb, as far as I can judge (run Cultivated plant-, arc ¡ire
in autumn, and grow through the whole winter.

A- the leavea decay, leaving on their thickened beat i : ir, oaten are poshed up from
centre of tin- hulb, until the plant i- strong enough t" lower. The item then absorbs all the nouria
I up in the bulb, «hieb, when the seed is ripe, |«ri-h< and this, in it-
tuni, ¡»rows into a »towering bulb

It . m thua be hardly termed a true perennial, being, like /- Irnui/ulium. L. rauculor, and some other-,
nearly-urc to pariah after seeding Tin «la-on of flowering in Al
parts of the country

\- to it* i nlturc I can say little, tin plants that I have grown, though Dring for two or three
i, and will, I am afraid. «In with lowering I much doubt whether it will
--fully or to keep it long in thie country; and though the flower i- of eonsid
and ¡atereat, it u often paler in colour, and -waller in atse, than represented in my Plate, which wa
up from dricil plant- in the Kew llcrh.ii mm, lern lirittg "in- in tnv OWB garden, and from a -mall, weak
-p.i inirii ii ; to Kew by Du. W\i.i.\. i, which,however, i- tin only Bow«
LILI I'M LONGIFLORUM.
NIK LONG-FLOWERED III..

L. ¡MijiJIontm, Thunb. Unn. Tran«, ii. p. SSS : Spae, Mmi. ¡> 1 I; Dot. Beg. 1601 Hore ta Serras, t. 2701 Lodd. Bol I
Unjo«!, Ann, Mu«. Lag. Ha< i¡¡ 1">7 ¡ linker, linn. Jnurn. xiv. f, 220

Bulbiu perninu fl*<r*c<ii> aqiwroi» Inncenlatia. Cauli« ] í-pedalla »trictu» glabcr. Folia 20-40 »par»« ascendent i< uitidc -
glabra. S 5-uervata, $-6 pelL langa, 4 0 liti. lala. Flore* «ibhoiiaontales, «vpiuimc tolitarii, int. inlMaia
album sua.cohti« angaals infimdíbnhforme 5-8J polL longum, lubo 2-3 ¡mil. »iipra balín, rix amplíalo, v |
oblnnocoUti» ubtusis flor« expaixo quadrante »uperinre f.ikati» tul losin trient» «upe-riori- I- H Un. lata, ¡80
latioritw«. Filamente alba 4-o poli, loriga, antheria flavi« C 9 Un, longia, polline lutro. Ofariam 1 1J poli, laaguaa, ran
i declínalo «lamina vix sii|ioians. Capsula lf-3 poli, lotigu, obtuse ft-angulata.

//«*. Japonia. China. Formo«, ínsula l

Var. IIIIIVII, Court.. Spaa, Mon. p. 14; Hure <le» Serre«, t. 282 4 (£. Jamit-juri. -Sk-hold St De Vlieea, Tuinbow Flora, i
t lli. al forma majnr flortho* lomjiorilin«.

\ I nr-oie fi Ln Kit I lli.i.) «t forma eaule et floribn« a<l Iwuin extn« purpureo tíi .-

Ihilh modérate, yellowish, usually flattened above, procuring »mall bulbil« firrly at the upper part and ho» of tile ••
I n.-t high, smooth, glabrous. 1. 1, Mattered, bright croen. 3 5 inclie* long, ride Flcnrera hrjri.
«ontal, usually solitary, but often 2-0 or 7, pure white, icry snci!.»niitr<l. Perianth '> SJ inches long, tubular for
half it» length, o|*-niiig at the mouth but not reflcxed. Filnnv-nt» «hito. 17 inche« long; pulh-u ;-11 M 'nary and
style equalling them in length, «lightly declined. Capsula 1 \ 2 inches Inn«, bluntly aagled.

ri^HE Long-flowered Whit« Lily ka a native of many parts of the rna«t« and island-- of China, being found
aUo in Japan, Loochoo, and t'ochinchina, though perhaps not everywhere indigfOOUS. It is also
found, il* I am informad bj M«. SwitracjSS, OU the ¡«hind of Formosa; but this plant, of which I have not
a« yet succeeded in gcttiii» living specimen-, muy be tt distinct specie-, approaching in its scry narrow leaves
and the length of its flowers the Philippine Lily.

L. lon/fi/lorum is much cultivated in China. Japan, and India, and seems to endure a greater degree »f licit
than any other «prêtes, hut il ti the same time perfectly hardy in this country. Introduced M long ago as
1819 by the Royal Horticultural Society, it soon became common in Europe, and may now be- had by th.
thousand at a very low price.

No lily can be more strongly recommended for greenhouse decoration thin this; lor. though in
Mm« parts of England it may be ¡.Town well out of doors, it is apt to be injured by spring IWtttS, and rarely
• oui. - to perfection unless grown under glass.

'lite plant I have represented i» the variety named /. rriuiiitm by CoUBTOia, and H M much rarer
than the ordinary /.. loagiforum as it la »upciior to it. Though rarely seen in this state of perfection, I have
had it even finer, with no less than twenty Sonera on three stems in a 7-inch pot

Por this tine variety 1 have to thank LAM HOI-VV of Cheltenham, who received it from Japan tome
reara ago, and has cultivated it with extraordinär) success, a» will lie admitted by an) one who ha-,
at the Cheltenham flower•how-, M en lur -pi cunen plant- with ten or twelve stems bearing from three to -i\
flower« each.

The variety called Takrtima i» distinguished by a purpliah tint on the atem and outside of the tube |
and another variety, named Hihoni by MB. LKUHTIIS, is also remarkable for the size and number of
ita Bowers,

M. DUIIARTKK. in his ' Observations sur le genre Vit,' p. -'17. think» tt


and Taka'ma may be distinguished by the angla formed b) the flower with the stem, a- well M by the
relativa size ; but 1 have been unable to verify bjl observations ni Uña reaped bj my own expel
lu il»- Amu' DAVID'I collection of Chiaei ithered il Kn-,
»lii.Ii appear to hold a «omenhat intermedia«g poertion between /, lomfitmrtim and /. Hrotrni, hav
open low« than UM former, and bcin-f apparently tinted with puqile outside. Mad apai ami of
..i-, an M ditVu-ult to ikhruiine with rirtainty. that I cannot b) Ml whither Una paaat i-
merci] .1 ran

From Mn. PBINOLI of Vermont II. la variety sent to him from Japan, which ta »aid to
have yellow flowers; «ml in MOM Japatie-r natne drawiiij» ai «iiuilnr plant Btcdj but I hftVi
a« \.t had thi good fortune t.. an it bloom in any European garden.

A form with white-marKu I IK introduced from Japan, when the art of in«!
\.ni.'.'¡ilion in tin foliage of plant* i- better indontood than ia Europe. \la. Hor.r. tell« me that he
bus never «.in /. loagi/krum growing wild in that eoontry, Úunujfa it i» ramain known
by ÜW name of •• T< |i|" V | i. Lily, from it- long;, tubular flower«.

i letdi of this rpcjcwa, though addon) ripened in England, are much more rapid in t!>
and growth than i- the caei with noel kiml« 1 believe that, in three or four years at i
»ill 1« produced if th. young plant- are property treated.
LILIUM BÜLBIFERUM.
TIIK BÜLBIFEB0D8 I.ILY.

L. h»lhifemm, L.: Park. Farad. J7, t. 2¡ Jacq. Fl. Awtr, I --' B H f. I LOlBj Bod, XA. L 21
I ; Haker, Unn. Jouni. xir. p
£. latifoüum. Link, Bmn. i -I.
/,. kurnile, Miller, Diet. no. 4.
//. /»«Afjcfwo. Bcrnh. Kunth, Enura. ir. 266.

liulbu* oraidOBS, klbUu, parean]*, aquandi crawi» acutis. Cauli« 2-4-podnlis »trictus. silca'.ii*. purpureo maculatu*. (urcum albo-
aranronu. Folia quoin in Ij. croceo pauciora, latió•; inferiora 3 1 poll- loage, nodio l-S lin. lata; enpadera redact i
axillt« copioae bolbillifcra. Finit» 1 l'A iiml» llati \A d.lto«lcota«tnoú. I'cdicelli crawl, brete«, purpureo nuculati, albo-
araneoai. Peruuithiuni 'J-2J polL lliagillll. wwillllll. inodorum. splendide rubrutn, «aspe fundo aurantiaco tii
oblongtKpiilliiitiiiv ni li<>'' 1'. l:n. lutn. inti tiorilo •.-uicnl.iti* qnara in l• rmrto. omnibus facie nlgro punctati*.
deorsum valdc lamcllati* ct («pillo««, auleo «emipollicari profunde «xcavato, matirmibui pilori«. Filaments 18-2] lb. longs,
antberi« 3-4 lin. lonjris polline rubro. Otarium T-S lin. tongum/ltrlo duplo brerhu. Capsula 1} poll
tuse angulata, apicc umbilical».

llali. Grisons Tjrol, Styria. llnvarin. East Got hi m

Bulb white, composed of thick broad «ale«. BlaOl - I {••> I high, rigid, conspicuously mint.-, and »potted with purplish, cloth.-d
wit --srence toward« the top. l/mrs acattciisl, usually shorter and broa.hr than tin alea-
ture, promimtitly •"• 7-nerved, bearing, in tile axil« toward« the upper part of the item, «Ingle or d «lb-
let». Flower» 1-3 on the wild plant, but in main» an umbel or crowded raceme. IV.!
!
«tout. - r. ii. i.'li t-S| ¡nena deep, bright aim
lie segment« about an inch brood, ntddenl] ño a distinct papillose claw with deep haml groove, hairy on
• Ices. Fil.imenta and style erect, pollen red. Oapnda «id to be bluntly angled anil difply umbilical« at the

'PHE bulhift-rou, l.ily. though well known both to botanist«' and gardi m rs, ¡a • plan! of lathi i limited range in
the mountains of Central Europe, and i- found, a- far M I can discover, onll in the •
id Switzerland, tin Tyrol, and the Iowa Alps of Styria, drtnthit, Venetia, and Bavaria. From Mu. G. MAW,
of Id ntiiiill, I learn that the only UxnBtiw when be has found ¡t growing are Vols, In the Tyrol, and the Vnl di
Ledro, at the In ad of the Ligo di Garda, when- a very dark bl unity, rarely bulbiferaus and
ghtbrooSj U found.

\ln. G. C. CHURCHILL, whose knowledge of the tlor.i unsurpassed, tells me he In I.


thai '¡i, : Western Switaerland and the Maritime Alps, ghren l>> authors for thai plant, really refer to
/.. rrwtnm or its van ' Gm.ui.l (in hi- ' I'll i ..I 3wU H 11 -uni,' 2nd edition, 1S7I), who is I beul
ntoet trustworthy an': - Ottlj three lotalitiee tor /.. Imltti/rriim•Thfasp, Lit. aiol Fuldcra, all of which ¡ire
in the Grisont ; while '.. rrwtum i- laid tO hi found in the cantons of Hii, Ticino, Valaí lei. and St
The former plant ranges from about loot» in in ,tion, and is Bauall] found OH the bordera of WOO
mong grasa and bushes. Its supposed oc n a «il<l itatn Is B asl «".-•t-.l md is, I think, doubtful.

In eultivation this l.ily has been known for centurias, lxiuii well described and figured in Parkinton'i
ou!, though much mon- roDusl and larger than the wild plant, preeanea the bulbtferoua habit,
brilliant colour, and peculiar aspect by which it ¡a dfattingnjahcid (ram its nearesi allies in sal it« i n •ture the
bulbs are »mall, and tin -I« in -••in. time- creeps Underground, after the manner of I.. BUMrJoan, before coming to
the surface, but in cultivation thu buhtt U MM» lost. I have never been able to examine a ¡ ule of this
Mid tO IK different in form from those of /.. rrore«<n and /.. davurtrum ; but 1 think it possible tí
hapern d capsule, such » i>» sometimes produced if the bull» are pu ki d oil, may have given rise to ibis siaii

Hi i in. t. - ,,f /,. Imtitiftrum are not numerous: and the parentage of some that ai 1 to have
sprung from it is doubtful.

lln Lflj known as L. umiellatum, which is the most floriferous of nil t j ai fort)
has no bulbils but Bowara at the same time a- L l.idM/erum, fifteen to tuent) .1 team.

MM
Hur. i- • . iirtin;- littil »Minted plant, which 1 l.ik, t., I* /-. humilt of MILLKR. occasionally seen in |
this Ktemblet /.. biilhi/erum in it» principal character«, though much smaller and, as far a- ni\ aporiOOC goes,
later in tlowrr. Exr.pt M a CtUWHty, il i- not worth cultivation.

/ i .'..,,u, nf HrnMi.Min, i» another plant *oni< ' ion tin- Continent, and apparently a variety of
'•¡ferum, from which it differ» by being more NullWUfill Whal i» known a- /. mMfalm incomparnlilt is, iu
colour, one of (In tim-t of (larden Lilies, ¡mil a most desirable plant. It is, perhaps, a hybrid between /.. hulki-
fmim and £. rlryans. aud will be figured with one of the varieties of the latter >y

Tlie cultivation of /.. kMi/trum is extremely simple, as it succeed* well in the ordinary soil of the garden,
and i» rapidly increased by the bulblcts, which, if planted iu good soil, come to a flowering lin iu two or three

The plant figured flowered in my garden in June 1H?5, and was selected as showing the typical character
of the species better than one with a large number of flower»
ft' ¿<

i«^ ' i
LIIJ UM II TM BO LOTI.
HI MliOl.ins LILY.

/. HumUtitt, Roed & Leicht.. IWhartre, Ob«. 105(1870); Regel, Gartenflor», I 7.1 1 IM ; Tl lUWr.
linn. Journ. xi> p -H

L. /itvmerimwn, Kcll. Proe. Calif. Aead. vol. ¡T. pt- 4. p. 100, P« a, M I s7l

t. muAM«, var. lf«mto/M: Baton, Uard. Cbron. 1871.

Bulbai mairnu«, 2 I ¡mil. cnumn, Inrixontaliter elmigatus. latcri inperiori axco« inaidena, e aquamis ittattohil amplis latís
Croatia 2-3 poll, longi-, obtuse acuminatis «inflatus. Caulis tores, robustus, 4-Cpcdalij, glaber vel pubcrulua, viridi« rubelto
iiiiwulatuv Folia «ii-pL-dmi- Mgulsritai vrrticilkita, b '>-, 111 1 ¡V-foliati» disposita, oblanccolata, inferiora 4-5
|M>U. lulipa, supra medium 9-12 lin. lata, acula, firma, «atúrate i iridia, uudulata, veuia lata ictis, >d faciem infer«min
iiili-riluin rilmiiv. Flore* «ejio 0-10, interduiu 30-4U in paniculam dcltoitlcam expoiwun pedom latam di*po»iti, patUoaUll
divaricotis apiee cernuis, inferioribus S-5 poll, loggia, fotUl oblaiiceolati» valde teducti» bractratia. IViinnthiiim 3•1 poil,
longuin, splendide rubro-uurantiacum, extua basi rirideaceoa, segment» arutis medio 0-12 lin. lalis, supra IKIMII uretc retlcxi«,
ad faticm punctit vinoao-purpureia ntagnis copions decoratis, prope bann Irviter papilliwlararllati», sonóla distincte exniiatu.
marginibus glabris. Kilaramta 1 J-'J-pollicaria, antlicris rubria 6-8 lin. longi*. Stylus G 7 lin. longos, ovario aubtriplo
brevior. Capsula obovoidea, nuire h ifnttatjunis acule (ksugtilatu.

IM. California, montibns Sierra Nevada, 25(H)-3500 pedum altitudinc (ROEZI. et KELI/WO).

\'ar. octLUTi-M, K> 11. Troc. Calif. Acad. v. p. 88, H7S, ex ínsula Santa Roa, est forma punáis ocellatis.

Halb very large, purplish in colour, compotes! of thick fleshy acales arising from a basal axis, the growth of which is lateral ami
downwards. Stem produced from the ban- of the in-n- growth, 4 -(! feel high, glabrous or pubcruloua, apotted ur tinged with
purplish. Leave» in wliurls of 5-12, oblanccolatc, 1-5 inches long, 9-12 linea btoad, ó-nerved, sometimes cilintc on the
beneath and waved al tin- edges, Flowers 6-30, in an open panicle; pedicels upright or drooping, 3-0 incite*
long. Perianth 3-4 inches long, orange-yellow with purple spot«, sometimes ocellated. and surrounded with an aureola of
paler tint. FilaniM« l{-- inches lung, anthers C-8 Un»; pullen red. Capsule obovoid, acutely angled like that of
/. '; '

r
•''Ills very fine species of Lily was first discovered by MR. H. ROEZL on the centenary of HC.VIUOI.PT'-

birtlulay in 1869, in the Sierra-Nevada range in California. He named it ¡Jlium HumMdti for
tin- reason, and not, a- ha- been wrongly stated, because it was found in Humboldt Couuty. Ile -eut I quantity
of bulbs to Mit. Litt 11TI.IN, who, with his usual gcm-ru-ity, distributed tlieni to many of the botanic and private
gardens in Europe, lie was himself the first in tbi«, as in many other instances, to (lower the plant in Europe :
and though not so fine aa it has been seen since, its beauty was at once recognized by all lovers of
Lilie*. Luge importations wen made of this plant in 1&72 and 1873, so that it has now become
i|uite common

Da. BoLAMDIR, in 'The Garden' for Jan. 3, 1874, has given so good an account of its native habitat,
that I will quote Un verbatim:•"This luge, species ha- apparently afar le•wide range than /.. H'ashimj-
tvaiamim. It occurs mainly on the more elevated portions of the foot hills of the Sierras, from 2000 to
nearly 3500 feet altitude, evidently requiring a greater amount of heat to develop its full beauty than
tin i.tloi- Tbe -ml-in which its bulb is found arc of a rather compact character, consisting of clay with
•m admixture OÍ broken rocks and a small portion of vegetable mould. Growing in open park-land, or land
entirely cleared off, and therefore i vpciscd to a dry and exsiccating air, we tin.1 its bulb also at a considerable
depth. 'I'IK ovoid bulb is very larga and strongly built; its outir largest, imbricated. Land
liaged with purple and very fleshy, well calculated to hold a large supply of moisture. A short time ago thi-
¡ea «a- also (bund DJ Mu II vm-immm the Island of Santa Rosa, opposite Sania Barbara. A» far aa I
know.it b ' been found on any part of the coa-t rangea. 'lile plant ¡Vom Saiita-Ro-a Island .1
but very -lightly from that on the foot hill- of th - It. leaTM ure of a brighter gnui. and
its whorl- are denser and morn regular, while the lean- of plant! from tl era rather »¡»athulate, and
• ith .i blunt point. The former is exposed to sea-breexes and fogs, the latter to a dry air. Tbe bulb*

JàaK3»MnHs
íium Santa ROM do far better «ith ui it Bn rVandaea than thoM (rom UM Sierra»! DM reason i- piain
Th. egorc in V »s Hot rrV* ' Ron dm Sema,' rol. \¡\ t i!>73, representa the island forro a» truthful!) as a
repreatntatkm can be made."

boJbofiiKmi ll«mM,iu ¡* rorj remarkable, not onlj on account of it« sreat sisa, but becam
ite peculiar ahspe and itrnetnr«, which ha- been well described bj Paar DUOBAMIW, i» hi- ' Obaerrations
-ur le «cure Li«,' p, St. Like that of /.. U'tuhiti>/tom«««m, it» - "•> a central base, hut from a
lateral descending axi», whirl,, growing outwards ami don • j M'-'r' t'1"'«" <>P '<- ataai alway« on one
-ill., and, decaying slowly DM the opposite «ida, forme bj degrees an anngatod mas«, quite different from
tin- liulb of an) Old-World Lily. Whether thi» rjecnBar striietore is in any way influenced by its natrre toil
.m.l climat. | cannot sa] . bol il i- . uiious that the only two specie« which in any way resemble it in bulb-
character-, rim /.. iVn<l,m,jt,••nHum and /,. rolamhiaimm, are frimi the Pacific nlopa "f North America.

Tin ooloor of th< young »tern and leaves, like that of the bulb, i« purplish, ami th,' growth i« very rapid.
This npeeiei seen« ha i» red well in Bngiand, both oaH of doora and n pots, and, perhaps owing to it-
ami solid bulb, suffers much h• from importation than the majority of Lilie-. It appear* lo like a peaty
soil; and though the i net ¡mes much injured by cold wind* <T drought, the bulb- rant] decay.

With nifard to the varietii•« of /.ilium HumMJli, I can say. a- I -hall have to say of many other Lilie-,
that if 1 had only seen a few of the most di»tinel, I should readily allow that they weW worthy of iiaun-
and descriptions ; bat havug seen and cultivated a largo number, 1 on re* on nanti bj which so define them,
For tin- reason I do Dot think that the variety mmed by KKI.I.IMU. oerllalum. from Sanla-Uosa Island, can
IM- treated a- a di-tiuet plant, though MR. KOI./I tiiiuk- that it i- more rlorifermi- than ihe other-, pr.nl
SI many us 30 10 lowers, while the commun -ort ha- no more than M -.'."i and more usually only 8-l.ï ; bu
the remana in Dn, KBLMOO'S paper.

The snas, colour, spots, and arrangement of the flowers vary extremely. In I* plants the flowers
stand out almost at risht angle« to UM stem ; in others, as shown on the Plate, tiny droop at an angle of If ¡
in Others the Dedícela are inclined upwards: and th* size and form of individua] flowers also vary
considerably.

1 bnvt received it from various parts of California, from the Napa Valley, and from as far south as Santa
Barbara; bul Un ROBU, tells rue that the LQj imported asa speck-* fr.mi Mexico, and which proved to be a
varirt) of IhmMilti, is really from San Was

Pbr th« beantifaj «pecunn hen figured, which Koresenla the oeellatcd variety, I have to thank my
friend MR. Wn-nv in whose garden at lleathcrbank it flowered in July ln7fi The single flowers of other
varietie- mi from m\ own garden.
$\ *
LILIUM COLUMBIA.M M.
I III: 0BE00N LILY.

L. colamiianHin, Hanson in bort. Ofashtlin. ; lUkci, I.inn. Journ. Bot. xiv. p. 'j; ;

L. «uMrrfeiw. tar. parrí/hrum. Hook. Flog DoTv aU ¡i 881.

/- ivwidrnsr, ear. RsJSSS, Wood, IVoft Aoul. PUL IMO, I'. 106.

i.il 1188

llult.ii« nroidrtis^ pcretmis. albu», sqnnmU acutis lanccolatis. faillis t I «snail«,, ¡¡MI ill«. ilililli.|[1alwi Fblia panes, fa
I iato* dispositu, wi > reolata, acata, 1J-3 poll, long«, medio C-9 lin. lata. Flores '1 »>, imbsUAtl, prdi-
^racilibn«, '.'-0 pall, loagls, api i maja, fnliis rcduc'.U basi bractcsti», intentant braeteolati». I'eriantliinm 1J '.' poll
longmu, ¡lurantiscuin, tegmenti« lancenlalis, medio 4-0 lin. Utis arete reflexia, fació crebre purpnreo-pun.
l.iit.r excatata. Stamina perianthio tríente brwiofa, autlu-ti« '.'-3 lin. Ion;- .anuin rix superan». Calcula
. 1 -1 ¡ |*>U. tanga.

Hai. Oregon (Loaa; Rom.). Cascade Mountains. Cnlnmbia Britannica (I.TAIA; UOI'OLAS).

1t.il)..,!.. i.l. i»-rrnninl, com|»«ed of narrow, pointai, compressed scale«, which apparently grow on one side only, as in £. ITumtoltUi
and t. tt'aMnft<mimiim. Stein 2-3 feet high, MS. Ideares in whorls of ( S, or scattered, oblanceolato acnte,
«bei long, 6-'J line« broad. Flower» '.' S or mere, unngad' in an umbel .n deodar mbanart |ssl;i
desopina at the end. Perianth 1J•2 inrlu-« long, «Jtangs-taDsw, spotted with pnrple. and tinged at the base outside with
gn-en ; Ihe segments lanceolate, rette ted about halfway down. Stamen« a third shorter than the perianth, anthn»
Style a little longer than the ovary. Capsule 1-1J inch long, «haped like that of
/.. yariatitnm.

'pilK Oregon I.ily has been for tome time in herbaria, and by most botanists considerad n variety of
I., rmtadense ; but there can, I think, be DO reasonable doubt that it is quite distinct from that ]>hmt. and
from ¡.in\ other not so tnuch ou account of it« flowers a» because of its bulb, which resembles that of no Othl r
American «pi i H -

It is a native of the coast mid interior of the State of Oregon, Washington Territory, and British
Columbia, from aboul 10 toM \. latitude, and has hcen gathered by many explorers of thus,- ragions. I learn
IIKRR II. KOKZL that it is found on dr\ -andy plains, and on the mountains Up to 500 1000 feet elevation,
whet. la winter i- »erj -cure, anil "here rattlesnakes were so nliund.iut in autumn that itWM I
work of much danger to dig up the bulbs.

It WD t"-i s, ni to Europe in 1079 or l*;.i b\ MH. Il \NSON of New York, who gave it the name of
nlumhiamtm, liecause it was found on the banks of the Columbia river: and WM described bj MR, IUKKH from
a plant which flowered in HeiiK \l\\ l.i.n n 11.1 v'« garden in 1«.7I

In refining the plant known as L. eawartViwr parrlf/nrtim. Hook., to this species, I am guided by numerous
imeai in the Herberium at Kew, collected by [¿TALL ami DOOOLAS, the bull» of which even in • dry state
ran be distimih I, hut no botanist who hail täte could Im. lepej
¡t specifically with any certainty. IB the «hole plant much resemble- weak OT Starred varíelos ..t /. /•ii.ltliHttm
m /.. fdwitrfrwrc. The bulb, however, i- not stoloniferous a» in iho-c species, hut has inore affinity
/. Himtmldti, of which the plant is perhaps a miniature northern représentât ta

In this country it prove« perfectly hardy, and il Nay tO cultivate in the MUH i'ion which
suits I,, ¡wrilaiinum. It Taries considerably in the size and shape of the leaves (which are l mied,
but some'! n the form and colour of the flo\\«i-s; hut out nf a large nunibcrof bulbs which
were kindly sent ma by ala HAHBOW, not our pi from the type, which is well
shown m my plate. The plant here figured flowered in July 1*70 at Mn. HILL'S nurseries in Londi n ; but M I
was not then quite sure about its identity, I waited until I knew more about the specie« before Writing on it.

The two varieties, of which single flou bown, were grown in my own gnrdt n in i«;r. ami produced
seed freely.
LILIÜM 8PECI0SUM.
run IAN« E-LBA. ED ML Y.

fc. aewfaaay Thunberg. in limi .Iran«, H SS3¡ Bal. Bag t 2000; Zu il. Jup. fa«-, m. p. SI. t. IS, 13 I
IV.' I - ; Baker, linn. Jour«, xiv. 1ST I, p. .':i

L, itMjierlmM, Thunb. Kl Jiip. p. 1 M, non l.inii.

/,. I.mrif.,1, l'.ivi Mu- » 267, BOO Hort- et Thunb.

Ilulbu* perciini», globo««*, brunneu» *d rubro-brunneus, »puunis huiceolati« |»llicvn louais, (»ulis 2-5-pcdali«, M ridai,
him, jrlnnnr. TJriilla TH rtinrlnt mfslaltni Folia 20-SO, •paru, distautia. Invrianne petioUia, pédalo id eanl,.m adpnes«,
oblongn-lanccolota ncuUi se] iiniiiiinnta, nitlilc «iridia. Grau, gbibr», hast rotundata, i jiolL longs, inedia 16-18 lin.
lata, distincte ô-7-nrrrata. Riiceiuti, diltoi.hus .'i-20.nortu, ri«Mlicotlisdi\arir»tUbrnctcol il •itrn-
libus »pico suberertia, lateralibus »pico cetnuis. Pcriantliium :: I pull, laqgom, unjnMOtil orato-lsnecobitis profundo fall
12 S) lin, hliv intcrioribus HrfflffT. ¡ill«:* plu» minusee rubro sumisí*. fació rubro punetati-. pepfini con* da, auli i I niiudi
|«rofundo glabro. I'd iimnta lato dlieansejun, -¿ I poli langa, nntln-ii, angu-ti, ! i•1 -* lin. langte, pollino troceo vil rubra
Ovarium I poli longum : «tjrli» gnu-ili», taltlr ditlinatu«, 1|-2}-pollicarii. Capsula obo« ¡a, 1 poIL longo, 001
angulata. apios umbilical».

//«*. Japonia, a Carca introducta {fi'lr K.r.arrita). China: puer. "KüuufeT (HjJKB; Dana). !><• fonnil nddi vid. infra.

Hill, jxtrnnial, globoso, brown or purplish brown. 2-1 Inches in diameli I of thick lancoolni. ' Stem 2-C
or run man, high, rigid, I rcct, glabrous, tárela, given or purplish brown. Ivcaves 20-30 or more, mats at o»»t.-lanreolate,
DOg, 1-2 indies broad below the miikllc. bright green, glabrous, distinctly trained with ~-'J ril*, rounded at the
ban to a short petiole, widen b compressed to Ihr »trm . narrowed gradnnjlj from tho middle to an
ihr upper onr» lancsafatts, 8-9 lines brood. S V-n.-n.d Mowers 1-90 i ill} »boat B, in a broad deltoid raceme.
Peduncle« brncteat,, ligin, erecto-patent, Üu inches long, the upper unes shorter. Perianth ">•'< tu In - lung, the
divisions spreading from near the base, tfci i«jitit* much »Jlminii, Ina outer divisions 12-21 boss wide belon the middle, the
Inender. Thj lower halt' of the tomUa Domed with missd |«ipilhc, which townrdi the throat of the :
linea long. Colour verjr «arable, but in the i« pical fomi »hit IHnaiil nnd nopl it phdt, FDa-
iocboa long, widoly divenjaut; antbon I lu Ira«- long; pollen deep nd or chocolate; ovary an inch lung ; »tile
IJ-2J luches, »lender,slightly noonned ftpenh '- Incbaa lang, oberoitt-oolong, obtusely jin^li-,1. nndsflii

1
'Pilot (¡II thi- pluiit in usually supposed t.i be i native of Japan, I learn from l'uni
III'IT round in that country except in garden-, anil is said by the Japanc-i to conic from the Col
MAXIMOWIC*. thai

which account they call it "Äorai-juri," Corean Lily I'm \nnu. s.i\» that the white form i» from tin l.on-choo
archipelago: hut I iln not think it i- a native of those island).

The only locality from which it ha* liten recorded a« ail indigenous plan! is. Kiukiaug, a town on the \.m.:-
t-c-kiang river, in hit. 89 ÓI \ . long, lift K.,»here it «me discovered bj I>u. II tMOK, The Amu: Pvnoin:
me that lie found it spariiiv'ly mar the same town in i.ilh \- «f model at, elevation; and the dried a his
In ih.ilium, though h (Iwarfer ami BnanUer-flowered than the cultivated plant-, egret «rlth them perfecüy in
general character. It was tirst introduced by Vo* Bit.iioi.n. who sent il to the Bótenle Gardens of Client in 1889,
where it llowcretl, and was described ami figured in several of tin- botanical journals.

Solie.iutiful a plant was not long in lieeoluing a general favourite throughout Europe. found easy
to gran and propagab. has held it- place in popular favour when l.iih > «, r. little cared for, and is now cultivated
for sah on u ury large scale in the bulb-garden« of Holland and Belgium, under th .1 /. liiHii/olinm.

Of its ejjltlire I need say little, having given a full description of ÜIC pio|"i tuatimut of ùUÙtm tinrulum,
which i« eipiallv ipplicable to this species. Although its constitution is not -u delicate, it i asea
to greatest perfection under glass, and bus degenerated con-idenibly in the climate of Holland, «lure it is treated
as Ml Outdoor plant It ¡, increased without difficult) b] means end -nil-, though tfal
rarely matured in the open air of this i-ountrv.

I \.ui,ii.s ,,f /.. tjxciuium are numerous, and have mostly originated in Japan, as i- proved b] the native
drawings on -ilk often s,m hemn from thai , ttrj Thej ban b Bed bj D,.. M^THI-. «im
abtiahed it, lui elimination m Üw'Oardener't auroaicV 187Í p.iOtt,and
ihe follow in

«i Drownidi fimrtf•i «*«»>


*. Grcwn] fiudatm» '

II.
I li»h brown.
«". Flo», i* ¡.ink
tf. Flowers white, or nearly to • fll;t,.l

1 1 .ner« ro«<stolouiwl rowan.


K. no*endM> raaMxdonred •/rcietnM iw»w

lowcn «ails, or nearly »o.


7. . «". While, with rose «pot« ¡•»N'-f |

. . 4". Pure whiir

This arrangement, though not bdnAng come of dn iligbl rori n. - now cultivated, i« a very good one. and
«ill enable any oni than without difficult j. A«, howtm. aman detailed daaeription i* ncceuary, 1
«in -.ij • fen worth.,: parately.

I. /. «JMCMMm rrrxm. Bol Reg t. 20110, /.. njwrioium. Tar. hampfrri, IV M. 3785=<lf/o «riiy««««m lion ;
no. o of l>n. MAOTKM'I table. This in rappooed by Ma. WILSON and others to l»- the original variety introduced
m the majority of those commonly grown. It in.i> be ilUtnezuishcd DJ UM
following i, liy \lu. Vf sum»t•Stature somewhat lower than du mrage, tiowcr-hmls
shortet broader, more perfectly and event) recurved, caving a distinct whit« margjii on • bright rnae-
iiiiinil, and v.rv richly coloured apota- Tima of tlowrrin» rather later dun uaual. This \ari«ij ¡a I
grown at the Knap-Hiii W i Icing, when it may be seen in pertoethm, and Ihrim in the peat] aoil which
SO Weil M which thai nursery il

1 /. •BfcMMoai rwum. l'jxt Mag. », p. 01, i> much like tins bul the Sowcra arc not so brightly, distinctlyi
or evenly coloured, or fornud. It i* probably a somewhat deteriorated form.

3. /.. tpeoiasMM punrlalum. Pail Mag. V. > M?; albt/nrum, Hot. Hag. 3788. A lovely raiietj ; pure white,
•polled with ThUwaaiatroduOedb] V, % -iKnoi.n nt the »ame time as tin t¡i •!, nul i-now cummoii.

•I. I. /¡irrinttim rttlali-. Masters, he. rit (=lameiomo, ZIUT it Spae ; L. Brtwsiarti. \1OIT., Mein. Aead. Roj
Bruv Fcb 1834), isa pure white-flowered form with groen Mem and long» much ii Hexed, wavy pétala ; 00. Hot
Da \l We. It Was aI*o introduced by Vos SlBBOLD, and is a* much superior to the common white
form as tprriosum n-n/ui is to roieum.

B /.-;•>. /,,'.., Duoharb«, Baker, J L, > 1874« pu 2:11. la a white variety, baring the backe of
iglj tinged with green ¡ but 1 am .1 1 *her it can IK separated from tin- last form.

<>. /. ajsMJMamroirwa, no 3 of Da. ttaaraea'a table, i, the eommon one grown in Holland. Aline
variety, called ruttmiH mullifuruu, which 1 have bad ff"Ui Mañana. AM KMH/I s mil Son.. ODDMa MI here. It>
dower« afC large, WeU-formed, and very brightly coloured. /., mel¡mnt«e is another 200d form of this type, which
1 hau received from America.

7 /. 'i"ritvun «Ihm, no. i of DH. Maanas'i table, la the white lariety commonlj grown. It b much
tut] to '¡wiuium BMtafa and ¡muclalum, and is generally of a weaker habit and smaller size

The varieties no 1 and 2 of Du. M VMI iis's lui, usually called cori/mtttflirum rubruui and ¡tlhum in eatalngUCa,
»re simply mODStrOsitiat, having their UOBM much flattened out. ami a BBmbCC of flower« which .ne very inferior
ity.

BceióV - the-, ti ij other so-called verictiea in tin Dutch and Belgian aurseriea, which are n.r the
unWOrthj . I ule it will be found thai all bulb* newly imported from
Japan, and grown under ula--, produce g valed in I'

The plant I m of the typical variety sswrmium NTH»^ with smnje flowci
irden in An 1-7'
LI LI l M CAN A DENSE
TUE CANADA I.IU.

LrmaHnw, linn. ftp. (IE B ' Mu t s t 868; Buy, Boaod, (. 12; FVnedei - U 1174; A «ire. VUn. p. MS;
Baker, linn. Jonrn. xiv p '240.

!.. ptKitnliß-mia, IlC-. in ll"l lu. t 1

/.. pnnlulnm, Spae. M n S8.

Bulbos animus, stoloniferus «piarais cratsis nbtnri« albi«. Canlls 1 1-4-prdali«, ¡rrarilis glahrr. In."», viridis. Foli« in wet*
regulo. -. V I'.'-foliatiw disposât», ted verticillis intrrdum plu» minusvc diffraetis, obtanceolita »cut» X-l poll, longs, supra
mi-dium ft-9 lin. lata, »iridia, tenais, r.-T.n.rsntn, vcnis intcrdum eilistla. Htm ve] |*uci umbellali. vel corymbori, pedicellis
8-9 poll, long)», apir« valdc cemuis, ¡ntordiim bracteolatis. Pcrianthiiim 2-2J poll, longutn. late iiifuiidibulifonnc, rubru-
•nmntiarum ; «rgmrnli» oblanccalalU, fi-7 lin. lati«, supra medium fiilcatis, facie copióse vino» ponrlati*, deorsum lamellatta,
fovrola distincte impietsa, marginibut glabris. Filament» prrianthin tricnle hrrvioni, antlieri« 4-4 liu. longis. OsTui
lin. Inngnm, stylo subcrreto paulo brenn». Capsula turbinal«, obtuse angulata. 1J poll. loriga, apicc baud umbilical«.

//»». America boiwlb oriental»! " Canada ad Oeorgiatn.

Bulb annually produced at the rnd of Ions or short stolons, composed of thick, white, fragile »rale». Stem 1 J- I (nl hink
H OMUM bite, 1 7-niatd, glabmas, usually in whorls of B-1S, or in some cases scat!
esa. rloneis 1 or several in a whorl or corymb, on n«-li haslong, usually brueleol itc. I'rilantb. 2 S| inclus
¡filions mure IT h-s- spreading mid rreurvi-d. laryttU Rom yellnw to bright red, with numer-nis porpliafa spot»
Ki I omuls l¡ IJ indi lang; anillen I 8 Unes; pollen crimson, style straight, twice as Ions as the ovary. Capsule about
ai h htng, roi lop, with veij obtusa angle».

""I'M IK Canuda l.ily i- perhaps the lic-t-kiinun of all the American -penes, and lias licen in cultivation lince the
time of Paridnsoa, wl n bis delightful ' Paradlaue, or Qardi g of Pleasant Flowers.' pulili-hctl two and
1 half centuries ego, describee it ander the name Of f.ili-mi martayo» mu/tríente mamlaliim. It is mie of the com
TI i« lis,
! 1 through the • i-' in -t.jte~, from Cmailii to the moimtaina of Georgia, and extend) .is l'.ir «est
us tin Misso,ln river, end probattj .it • higher \< n Author. According In Mn. HANSON it ¡i also (i
in the Indian territory ; bul I haw 11 specimens of the typical plant from the Rock] M itaim or Pacific
States, and I am inclined to think thai it is replaced there l>y forma of /.. ¡MtrdaliHum.

It grown in graesy Bata, aandj meadows, and marshy places, l>io not in inch wet ground as /.. »«¡irrbum,
and ¡* an extremely variiblt plant both in hull» and Bower, Then an lèverai well-marked varieties, among
which the following .ire most con-pieuoii« /, caimtlrnsr ruhrum. figured in Bot.Mag. pL 868, i- uanallj a -mall
and lew-flowered plant, and is found, «< M«. HANSOM tells me, in «Irj meadows along the Hudson river
/.. eanntlrnir ftiritm, M figured in ni\ pi - also I small plant, with the I fan Indian-yellow ground
colour, and the divisions of the perianth not much reflated; it i- common in nil the eastern -täte*.

/.. MBOato* sxprrlnm, fig, I on mj Plate, i- almost iutnnii.!;,', between the typical /• r-anailmsr mid
/,. mprrfmm. which*according to Pnor. A ORAT, pasees into it. It ¡- » larger, more Boriferona, and finer plant,
ig from :t io 7 or H flowers on long perKeels. 'Hie perianth-segments in this, plant arc much mon retond,
hut mver. ,i- for is I have seen,show the green patch at their l>a-e. which distingnbbea /. nawriatm. The bulbs of
lili- \;ir¡. H i IM tiir. 1 ) are u-u.ilU iiu.rli forgt r and mon -e. .rnpact thin 111 the Others, and, I believe, prow in wetter
ground Mn. BAMSOM tell- nu he has (bund it at Green Boy, Wisconsin, ami elsewhere. In Ma. MAW'S garden
I obserred • »erj similar form which had been sent to him from HayesviUe, Onti and in the I of the
Jardin de* Plantes at Paris i- 11 specimen of this type from Cove Valley, Petm-vhania, with pedicel» a foot long

The curious narrow-potalled variety (ti_- 1) i- (rom Long bland, New York, where Mn HANSOM leih
it is abundant ; and its Inilh, which I have shown In fig -'. i- also rerj ditl. i. nt Brom the Other, and mon i • -< inlil. -
the bnlbsof the typical form I haw no doubt nun] other well-marked varieties have be« n and will be found ; but
I do not think the] need oír b i with /• ¡mmim or /.. ealiwtbiaitnm. Of the plant described by Poor,
vrooninl i of the Ami rican Academy,' \*<\*, p, l'i'i, a- /.. H'aUrri. and considered l>\ MR. BAJWR
a variet] of I. rimaJmsr, 1 know nothing, and ' I t. I'tinuM, which, thongh
plarr.l nndii- /.. osBwaVnw l>> 'he »ame author. ik I have shown in • recent number of tin- wort
entirely distinct -peeie*.
In rtodytR joniferou Lilu« it i- líenle« to rely upon the character« abown
ii> • fan specimens, The more I tee of Uten the wider my view« M to the eonstnoey of ao-eelled specie*
become, 10 (bel without I mi.n- minute knowledge than we no« po»*c«s of the climate, so I, aud other
cause« regalnting their dirtrihminn, it «ill be i I ij down fixed rola u to »l><ir ckenfieetion.

Tile culture of /.. eanadttae does not at present «eem to he very well understood in this country. 'Plough it
COUTH perfectly hardy, and often flower, freely for a year nr two. it due« not il.li-h
itoetf or to increase in this country. It may he that our «prinsr» and «itmnu r« are too odd. :m<l our autumn
winter« tOO nit. for tlii- M for many other pleotl of the United State« : or. lil.c Mme othi r I.ilu«. it muy IK uoi
truly perennial, and therefore die* naturally, after flowering and seeding ahundantly.

The teed irrrminatc - very «lowly, u.ually after the expiration of eighteen months from the time of ripening •
and the yOOng plant- when up air llow of growth Mid difficult to keep

Tile four varietie- Bgflrod Mm] 1'1-it«. for »Inch I am indebted i« tin I m Ment correspondent« \li..«ur.
I'RIM.I.K and HAHOOM, flowered In my «arden in July and AilL'ii-t leTf
'.I .1

' VA
LILir.M AURATTJM.
Uli: OOLDEN-EAYED 1.1 I.V.

L.«ur»t»i.,, ' I il, II,,k l'.,,i Mag.t.6SSS; Kb.re |; [|| ||


II 71 ; Minuet, Aim. U B*fa Ul loun. xh p 1

!.. Ixrttri, Mag. Hort. A««. 1802.

!.. 117"., s.irinR. in Koch. Wochen« IMT, KM,

L. tjtrrium» Imjftrialti, Bart, «•icbold,

IIHIIMH pcrcmris. globosu«. I I p-.11. lutu«, bmnncusvel fmco-bninncus, squamis era»» lanceolatis fortitcr adprcssi«. Cauli-
»Unctin.gracilis.tere», gtabcr. F. lia '-'0-I'M), «pana, distantia, brevissime ..-aulcm
udpri'.vi, InnoMlutn. ncunnnata, «turnte viridia, glabra, firmo, '.-!» poll. Ion« i. ' tfi lin. lata, ltaeema« deb
lit, pcdicelliadimicatbbiadeolatii. Perianthiuni 6-7 poll loogmn,acgnaoti*late MlratU medio 1-2 poll.
I itioribu«, albis. Dicilio urpit.ime aur. . n-ti« purpuréis sparsis, doorsuro facie papilloau. I
cnrinali distincta, marginibu« glabris. Filamento S-5 poll, longa, silt her U atyrusti« 9-13 lin. langst, poIUno purpureo. Ova-
rium 12-K. Un. longum; stylus grácil ii, raid« declinatus, 2J-IJ-pollicaris. Capnla 2 3-polltoi
longior ei angustior, apiee cmarginata.

//«.'.. Japouia in collibi - Forma» adsunt floribiu rubro-Tittatis, noribus albls impunctaiis, et plurinur van.
rum.

Bulb largo, 2-1 ¡n 1 ibosc or flattened, composed of many thick, closely compressed, curving, lanceolate «cale«, yell.
bro» u outside, but •bile "r jcllowUl «UK within. Stem 2-1, or in well-grown garden-specimen» as mnch as 1
rigid, elect, pwplfa gtabnraa. I«m about 50, bat rarjdng cusidcrublj-in number, spreading or slightly
. <l.i I Ugi If lines broad 1 Uc.aimilar to those of /,. tprdonum in colour and texture,
.null) narro« r •ometiaiea 7 distinct ribs, slightly narrowed at the base to a short distinct petiole, lurrow.s!
gradually from the an acuminate point. Flowers in wild specimens from 1 to 10, but in cultivation sometime« as
many as SO to 40 on a stem; ihr padielatrigidly erocto-paleat, hnrtc.ilin-, 3-1 Pariantli spreading, •*
of the segrarnt» more or lesari t 7 inches lang) tilo outer 15-H line«, the inner 1S-'J1 lines broad near
llu- middle. Tlio colour >«. in the ordinary form, whitr, with a distinct central band ad numerous pink, purple,
H crimson spots; but there arc nom lia pink or reddish crimson band, and others with a very palo lemon band,
others almost pur.' «hit. part of the perianth-segments covered with papillae, and a green keel or midrib at the
II ». r whan H I inches across, strongly and pleasantly scented. Filaments 3-5
I inabi p .Hen scarlet or chocolate-red . orar] 12 16 IM lie» long; style 3 ¡> inclus. Capsule 1 3 inches long, broader •
the ape«. Seeds yellowish brown.

r
|MIK arrival of this splendid plant from Japan probably created n creator sensation in Bnglniui tbtt« al noel any
introduetion of reta ni yean, and hu perhapti donc mon to uttract the attention of gardenera to this long
neglected but beautiful genus than BB] thing ebe. Though h. sjttàotum i» considered liy KMDC to lie tbc queen of
.e my preference, to nurntum, a thriving plant of which is, to my cv I beautiful tiur.il
production that rai lie m

Though ont of the commonest wild flowers in many part« of Japan, the golden-rayed l.ily was not intro-
I (and was indeed hardly spokiu of) in BtUOpC until the year 1996 or 1961, when it was fit r in a
living state. This was not, however, the tirst .ill. nipt made to introduce it, as the celebrated naturalist
VOMSIBOOLD liad sent ¡I is far back U 1899 tO tin Hotnnic Garden at Ghent. None of these plants, however.
a that until the opening of the port of Yokohama to European commerce in 1*5« it still remained
unknown.

In 1961) however, il «as introduced by no less than four different pareotu Hit. Vm SutaOUl HUl it again
to Belgium under the name of L tptclotum imptriah. Mil. GOIIDO.V DKXTI.K sent it to Aiuerieii, where it was
exhibited at a show of the MiilWfthnifflttn Horticultural Society in July 1993, and named / ri by MR.

Ilovav. MR. K. FORTINK and the late Ma. JOHN GOVIO VI.U.M, I in tai E
I of planta, fren not long in getting hold of this one ; and a ?ood number «. ; . London, where
they arrived in fair condition. Ml MM \ HTCII and NON-, of Chelsea, knowing their value, bought nearly all
that were offered for sale, and exhibited the first (lowers that «ere produced in 1863, whi lamed b]
DR l.iMiiii I.ilium niiralnm.
: u.U.- haw been Imported; and though thi loss from rank" packing, bad cultivation,
•ad il»- natural delicacy of the plant 1...-1»... lonethhig terrible, then i- ban ! '"''"• "lun
this plant i- not groin ami rallied In it« own country ¡i i- abundant, growing ahmet by acre» in some of the
woods, and in a light n. thehillaneai ïok II ¡acallad ramit-J»r¡. or Hill I.ily. by il» Ja]
«1»., «I...n^li gnat lot Lines, do not, according ta MK. KRAMER, one of the principal exporten in Japan,
grow this specie- ben.

The bnlbe in cohV eted fr»m the environs of Yokohama and other placea about the end of October m great
quantities, and parked in Imxe» of loo or 300 to -iml t.. Europe. If the season ¡» wet. the bnlbe not properly
lea exposed to much heat on the t • too often the case, the majority arrit« rotten j and
I grfcm to -•>;. that hundreds of cases are lost almost even \iar from one or other of these cause*.

A new «ay of parkins, however, lias now been di-om r. .1. b] «hi'h the bulbs arrive in England almost a»
Bn -1. ti when the] «ere taken up. Han) thousands have been »old at Missus, faanrum's roooM daring i
«inter- in splendid order, anil at a price H low that tin re ran hardly be miieli profit to the exporter». Formerly
the] «ere parked ill a 1 yellowi-h earth, «hieb Mini up thr ipoCC between the bulbs, and kept them firm in
\ : but im« each bojoteen tosed lepnrately in a ball of mud or day, which bardana round it, and. by keeping
out the air, pn serves il ... • perfectly Urn and (nab state,

Still there i- sun» thins in tl» r.m-titutioti of this plant which «unis to make it rrry liable to dreay and
death ; ami thr number of bull« that perish annually ¡u England would hardly be bettered. In a dry
season like 1874 the) eonethni - gooff emite Hiddeoly.tlie leans first falling, and the stem and flower-hnds withering,
•Aiilio.it any apparent cause- Ont of a batch of JO or :)tl plant» perhaps only 3 or 4 «ill remain alive two years
after their arrival in England) but these, if will managed, will goon improving and increasing till they produce
incent epeehm n-. The eanae of thi- diesem doei not m m ta be yet fully understood i but the mo-i skilful
gardener» have eutered from it ; and though in some favoured »pots thr Golden-rayed I.ily will probably live ami
thrive peniianeiitlv. it does nut serin to find the soil and climate of England generally congenial to it. About its
hardiness, however, there i* not a doubt ; MUÍ as than i« DO difficulty in raising it in large quantities from seeds or
II•..]• -. 1 do not think we arc likely to run short of it even if the annual supplie» from Japan should fail.

With proper treatment and attention I believe (he (¡uldcn-niycd I.ily can lie grown, to greater perfection in
pots than in the open ground; and though this ii of roursr the most D method, yet the plant IBM
«ell mitad to the decoration ofconeervatoriee and hall» ibat it is the one chosen by most people.

The treatment that I have f.iuiul by experience «hr most sune--i.il i- ... follows:•On receipt of the bull»,
which should be purchased early in the «inter (home-grown ones being in most case» to be preferred to imported
oui»), tin y should lie potted singly in pot- from ."> to 8 melles in diameter, according to their »i/.r. Th
must In well drained, and tilled about half-full of a mixture of loose fibrous [»eat and soft yellow bum, well mixed
with coar-e -ili.i nnd. The bulb should then be put in and enrrred with the same compost to within I or 2
inche» of the rim. Tile pots should then be plunged in ashes, cocoanut-fibre, or some similar substance, in a cold
frame, orchiil-hou-e. or shed where the frost cannot enter, and covered up with leaves or straw. In fnun two to
three months llnj will begin to shoot, and should then be uncovered, and placed in a light and airv place, not too
much exposed to the din n ray- of ill, sun Water must be given sparingly at first ; but when the -terns are well
advanced copious lopptiM ar. accessary : and tin sin! from first to last mnjl never 1M- allowed to .¡et hot or drs
Aphides, which are very fond of and injurious to thr young growth of Lilies, must be carefully -might for and
destroyed, or they will injure the Bowers. A- (he stem begun t<> throw out roots a good surface-dressing of rough
peat must be put on; mid very weak liquid manure may be occuiot.ally given, if the plants ere well routed anil
growing freely ; Otherwise it dors harm ; and it must never be used too (reel;

During the groados; canon the plant» should be kepi in a c.iol greenhouse, and well syringed at
night, or may be p] ..f doors ta a sheltered and half-shaded position, where they will bloom later. If th,\
grow wry Strong, they may IK- shifted into ten» i pou without injury about Hay Or June, and when unee bulbs
.ire well rooted they thrive better in large pots than in -mall OB* -, a- the toil i- kept in a more regular state of moist.m
If, however, a number of imported bulbs are potted together in one pot, tin v will probably flower at different tun, -
and »o s|Kiil ti» i

The greatest success ¡s usually obtained with bulbs that have been grown two or three year» in England

• 1 un tufara»* by M«. UoMlaal ibr ,¡n-»t fun-ipi dn»,ml fat /.. «arWiua I... «o 4iimui«k<4 tW ,.••,l-f... »,w r,>nu ^
..ittll ftnim to MppK Ikr niniVil
•H

and these frequently attain a height of 6 to ! feet, and pro Ina m man] ai M In SO or i ran nor* flowers on a
Hi -.-s \:iry mneh In si/.,- anil colour, i~ well a~ hi habit•some planta bearing (lowers only at thv top
of the etna, ••»•«! others nearly halfway down it.

r blooming, the pota must l>y n• anona be neglected or allowed to become dry. as they m often arc.
Their enemas in the ensuing year« depends in • gréai measure on the routs being active fora- lmi'^ a period as
possible : and this is only to be ensured by careful watering. If they are repotted annually, which is the practice of
many growers, it should be done as soon as the stems have completely withered, and with as littl.- diatorbano '"
the roots as possible. The stem, however, should always be cut off close to the bulb, removing with it the mass
of root-, which, having fulfilled their function of nourishing ¡1 during the growing-season, arc now useless. A fresh
top-dressing hang put in, the pots should he returned to their waiter quarters, and kept in a state of gentle
moisture, neither dry nor wet, until the new growth again appears.

A- regards the conditions under which this plant succeeds best out of doors I cannot do better than refer
my readers to an account of the garden of JAMES M'INTO«II, Esq., at Oatlands Park, Weybridge, which was
published in the 'Gardenere* Chronicle' for December is. Is;.').

The extraordinary success which has been obtained here is in my experience unequalled, and is, I think, due
principally to the soil aud situation of Mit. M'INTOSII'S garden, which dopes genii] t" the north, and is well
slu It.H il l>\ in- from wind. 'lite «oil is very light, but always moist below; and the Lilies are all planted on the
edges of rhodndrndron-heds, where tiny art protected from spring frost» aud the soil is sheltered from the sun.
Here they attain a height of »i to 12 feet, bearing commonly 20 to 40 flowers on a tingle stem, and blooming
at various tiroes from July till the end of October, the middle of August being the time when they are usually seen
in the greatest perfection.

¡.ilium nurntum ripctis seed freely under favourable conditions, and may he propagated in this manner with
moderate cere, though the seed often lies fur more than a year before germinating. I have not yet been able to
Ma rtain the reason why s( edi ripened ami «own at the same time vary sU remarkably in the period of germination.
A few usually come up in the first season, and the majority in the second . but some lie dormant for as much as
thirty months

The plant which I have figured is hy no means so fine as is often seen, either in the number or ante
of it» flowers; hut a Plate of double this size would not contain a really large specimen.

'Ilie variations are so numerous that hardly two plants in fifty will be exactly alike ; but no striking depar-
ture from the typical form i\i«ts.

The ¡ilant known as /,. rtihntitlaliiM U an extremely scarce and beautiful variety, which I hope to figure in
a future Plate. It has the yellow bud replaced on the Upper part of I In* petal by mon OT h M deep red. in rare
eues « distinct riinis.,ri hand appearing; uni' li mon frequently', hammer-tin red tint is pele, and fades after the
flower has been out a few day «

A somewhat similar and even more beautiful variety me figured in the 'Floral Magazine' for November
1876, under the name of /,. aurattim cruenlum, differing from the la-t in the crimson band, which in the et i
extremely dark. Iieing continued to UM WTJ base "file petal

auanuam
w
V
LI LIU M ELEGANS.
I III NBEÏQ'S LIU.

/.. flnj.iiu, Thanh .Mi m Aovl. .St-r.t.r.i. .i. -jon. lab S. Ig. 2,1811 ; Bahn loon l.m« s. dr.

A. tiM<ftniM. Thunb. Una. Tnui«. n

/,. /.Ufoilrl/Jiieitm. Thunb. Fl. Jaf 1 It

Ä.Xkmtwftmam,Sekoltea0.8j« \ Uí¡ linJl HotBag. 1M>,k 18; abend, Bot. I 188; "'.gel.«;.-«.-««, I-;
Baker, third. Chron 1871 ; DadaUUn, Obi

/.. aurautiaeum, lVutL M»g. m. 1J7

Ibilbu» U) h. Mbiftri M /-. era«' Hindis, »cd minor. Cnuli. l-2.pedah», viridi». glabet vel leviter nmui vel piloMi., i
Milrmtn«. Folia 20-30, aaccndentia, »jKiraa, Bma, «uuratc »iridia, glabra, dW at .1-1 poll, loaga,
uiperioea breriora, mcdioo-I2 Im. lata, In axilli» baud bulbillifcm | ,t¡, Pcrian-
tliiuiii 3-3J [Kill. longue, nftama Í">-G poli, latum, rabrosMirantiacuní, * ngo^pathulatós nhtiui«,r¡x puiu-tati«,
multo minu* lamellalU al papillon« qaam in /,. ,l,uuri,v. fovcula dh'.iuctu «Menta, 8-9 lia, langa, marginibn» |>Uo»Í!i. a
ril.mm.ili. 12 1Ô, mt.-rioribus 15-18 lin. Uli«. Filamente lg -2-pollimria. Anthrris 4 ( Im uatgit, |wll¡uc rubro. Ovarium
1 pul loo;;um, stylo tríente bn-viii«. Copada obovoidra, 2 poli, longn, »ubacute Osingulata, dioiidiu lungior <|Uiim Iota. Fon»*
hurten** plurima; »utit.

liai. Japon ia.

Bulb white, iwenibling those of /,. cjvieettiH and L Mil/tmui, but «nailer. Sl«m S niche« tu 2J feet high, cr.-et, rigid, anlcale,
•lighdy clothed with cottony pubescence, liut not » mneh a»in ¡..baihifrmm. I,«vc- very varied, both in number, «¡a-, and
»hape, but usually from 20-40 in number, and about .*. I inches long by J I inch broad. Flower, ntuliill.it.. Enea
or more, wry varied in Dolom and «in-, ranging from pale orange in dark roddi-h crimson, and more or leas spotted with
brown, blank, ,md ted. I'cruinth-dirision» spreading from tlie base, 3-1 inch.-, loaf, 1 J id, Bjon
downy on the back, and sometimes deeply ridged. papillote in Ovary S-12 line) long, style 1-1} inelr
Filaments 2-3 inches long : anther» 4 -C linea : pollen rod or yellow. Capsule tuually distinguishable from those of all li I
»perie» by it» flat and not umbilieate top.

fPllIC (iliiut which i- han di acribad under the name <>f /.. rlrymis i- itne tli.it lia- been lung cultivated and well
known In ÜM HUM of /- Tfanbirfiaitim¡ but as, in Mn. BAKER'S opiuiou, the description and plate
published by Tin MII.KII of /,. elrtjmn, U well H tin t ipe apachaaiW in hi- herbarium, cm In referred with . crt.iiiity
to tin- -pecic-. the laws of scientific nomenclature compel the ehange. I do thi- with the loM regret, M tin-
name of I,. Tfwnbrrginmim is a -tunibling-lilock to many,and the distinguished Sw.de who hon tlii- tunic lia- had
so many other J.ipane-e plant- named aller him that then i- DO fear of hi- n-carchi- being fur-

ThU plant «ii- in.it. 1by Mu BAKER in nil fini review of the gentil fGaideoen' Chronulc' isr11 a i
BObtpmiea of I. bulbi/erum-, and this opinion, though modified »ftcrwaid-, i-«ill worthy of attention from
the fact that TIIISIIKHO hiin-ill' ma not l«n of the iJMKule di-t:in tn.• of hi- plant, and aUo beeai-
wild varieties t'liuud in Japan can hardly In- di-tin^ui-lied from tin EojOpojUl /-. bulhi/rrum i Mept l>\ I
of iivillar\ buJbleta. A-, however, it ha« developed - M ry distinct in appearunie from
/.. Mhi/rmin or /,. croceum, aud is so widely -epar.it I In its gl .-raphu-.d r.moi from cither of them, I think
for all practical nuipoeoo, Il HI much better to eon-ider it a di-tinct -|KC¡<-.

CÀlium finjan* »a- finí onde known in Europe by TUONMRO, in a pajar puhlisheil in the ' Memoirs '
of the St ,-IVti t-hurg Acadnny of Science- in |HH. called "Examen Liliorum Japani. m nu," but it was
not introduced uutil li*ai or lH:t2, when VON SIHU.I e -• Bl ¡I to Ghent with /,. iptrimum and other-.

Being an cvlii mely vanahle plant both in form and colour, and one that ha- linn lang Cultivated in
Japan, a ho-t of varieties have been imported from time to time, and have been described li\ -.u nil
-ts as di-tinct Bpedee A-, however, no good character» can In- bund 60 dbdngtaulh tl 'n and
of the garden aanea have been applied without description to the -atne or different Miri. ti. -, I -hall only
give a list of tho-e which -rein to hau- the nio-t OUUrlted l.-iiun-
I ta the numerous fora« of Orange I nvated in the carden* of England and the
Continent, with I iy MR WlLaOM, MK J. H. KHKIVOK, of Haarlem, and
Ma. P. »van. of Ktag Street, t tot for tin- facilities they have given me »> Tinting tad examining their
large and watt-grown ooUectioM; 1'iu though úM paper i>> M»:»»RS BAKEH end Dvia in (he 'Gard*
i.li,' 1-7'.'. p. 1969, rounded an .1 study of MR. BARB'S collection, mimes ami describes a good many of
I am unable tn follow it iu all respect-. 'Hie fact ¡a, dial the Japanew Orange Lues tars been croaaed
.\.l\ with ni osee ; »ml it la therefore Imponible to refer nur* "f the garden forms t.> •
One thing, however, 1 tliiuk probable is, that the fbrnis grown under the name of L. dssarirni hare.
With '• 10 do with the trm /. ilamricum t.f SUM Hii (which lm« a very (Infèrent lililí)), but
ire likely hybrids lieween /.. elegant ami L. rrorettm.

The \ /,. rlrgani which I think most distinct and worthy of notice are as follows ¡~

I /.. rtryant. a* figured in the * ltotatiir.il Register,' vol. wv. t. :<». i l fi. i in height, with broad leaves,
iv Item, and un-putted flower» of a deep reddish orange. This may be considered the type of
il. ipeca -

/ . rar. bicolor, Moore, Hora) Magazine, t. mi. Under a foot lu i {labróos, leave»
crowded) »lowers M nds the cd. ¡t in the middle of the petals, with few spots.

:i /. elryaHt. var. alutaceum, Raker and Dyer (/.. Tnu»berjia»um aurmm H'tyro-maculatum, Flore it. - Bams,
i 1997, and grown under this name in the Dutch and Belgian gardens). The dwarfest form of all,
ander • bot high, with two or three, large, sprienvcokored lowers (rtety spotted with black. A
il. -inhle and showy form.

I /.. elrgttns. var. .Hire ll'r/jwt (hort. Wilson). Iti-nuhl.- tin- last In colour, hut brighter, with i.'.v.i
»pot», ami considerably taller, A rerj pretty variety, which 1 have only Hen in Mr. Wilson's garden.

ft. L. elegant, rar. itmgviiieim, Und!. Bot. Keg. 32. t. .*>n (liiUgalalam hort.). A fine, dark-ml vanety,
of moderate height, with open segments of a deep red colour, moderate]) spotted, bul not so dark
ai the m

i / ilryen») var. tilrntanguineum. Baker and Dyer (f.. hamalorliroum, \/em. 111. Hort. t. 503; L. Thunltergianum
grandifliirum, hort. Aut. Boozen and Krslaga). A taller form, with eery dark crimson flowers, rather
narrow petals and black SB

7. /. eny.ti«. v.ir. nniulum. Kunth, Enum. iv. 2fi.'> ; More des Serres, t. 657 (?•fulge«*. Moi reu. Span,
Mon p 29); Lent. 111. Hort. t. 122. The latest variety of all, coming into (lower a fortnight alter
the other» have done blooming, and taller than any Of the Others, QUifS gkibruu», and bearing I 7
dower-, "huh are clear red without

s /. elegant, var. pareiiwm, Moore, Flor. .v. Pom. Isi.s. p. |^i </,, l|,,',.••' hort.). This variety
from all others in ils babil and general appearance, as well a- in it- ere.ping stem, which resemble»
that of / ¿ne&tftw. It is quite possible that this may be a hybrid h.-twv, n /. elegant and some
oth.i -pin.-: hut m the ah-, nee of any information on the Subject, 1 prefer to leave it in thi»
species fur the pr.-i m

Thert i- aleo a moostroos form, /.. fulgent, var sUtnannswaii Lev. III. Hort. t. 193, in which the
filaments are changed into imperfect petal» ; but it has no beauty lo recommend it.

1 am indebted to Pnor. kLucniowiw, of Bt Petersburg, (or the following Note» <m /. elegant as
observed by him in Japan. "It is very neu /.. áotHrkttm, »ule il has, lut .mu. (o differ by the
narrower wing of it- seeds, broader leaves, 'in ÛK spontaneous, and often siso In the cultivated plant) in
the flower, which i- red throughout, and not yellow at the base as in /,. dttrnricum. and in the less-copious
pubescii.ee: but the principal difference i- the solid bulb. I have this species wild, only from the north
• •t Nipj from two localities, »here it Mtuut to grow in clayey soil; but il i- cultivated in aunt \
throughout Japan. The wild plant is a span high, the flower red, with dark spots. The cultivât,.!
arc taller and very varn.1 in colour

" The Japanese distinguisb also a spring and a summer form. The former, with narrower leaves and
a more open Hi.»ii. they call ' HarurMikmchl-yuri.'and tin latter, with broader leave* and narrower Bo«
, Natan-eukaahi-yuri.' I have not aaen UIíH second form.

/ litll.i/erum, L., with which /.. rti'jant wM often coufouudid. differs remarkably in its elongated capsule,
which is deeply umbilici!* .it tin apex, and sometimes (not always.) by its axillary bulb.

" L. dahuriom. GawL. is alaO found abundantly on tlu t-laiiil of Yeso, about llakodadi. where it gTOWl
in rr.i»; placea, ¡n en-vices of rocks, and on borders of fir-woods. It is possible thai some of the \ irieties of
/.. tUfOM haTe been bred in Japan between tin* apeeiaa and L. darnricum, in the same way that they have
appeared iti Kurop. hot Wim /. dlWMfítail and I.. bull./,mm." There is reason to suppose that a Lily of tliis
type is found in a wild state in the north of China; but having seen no dried or living indigenous specimens
from that country, I cannot IK- sure to which specie* it baloi

The cultivation of /.. ciegan* and its varieties is easy : it requires nothing more than a good rich sandy
soil, well drained, but not too shallow ; and tlioni¡!i it sometime* grows well in a peaty soil, it is not necessary
for this as for soma Lilies In pots it also grows well if properly attended to, and produces seed which germinates
quickly, and grotH more rapidly than in the case of the Martagón, though great care must be taken of the young
plants in their earlier stages.

My first Plate represent* three varieties : on the left hand is I,, venuttum ; in the centre, /,. alutaccum. and
ou the right, L. alrujaugaimitm,•all of which were drawn from plants which dowered in my garden in 1870.

The second Plate represent* the variety Alice Mihun on the right,•on the left the variety /.. incomparable,
which I believe to be a hybrid between /.. elegant and /.. bulbi/erum : on thai account I have not mentioned it
among the varieties of this species, though for gardcn-puqioscs it is one of the best forms which are commonly
grown.

BTJBVBI
A
LILIUM < OUDIFOUIM.
THF IIKAKN.KAVKI» LILY

/• ninHfolim», Ttiunb. in l,inn. Train, ii. S32: Sieb, el Zure. fíat, Jap. vol. i Hat. Ijugd..|kt.
ULIST; Knmrli . et Saial. I'niini. J..)>. v,,|. ii, ji, 7S : Baker. linn, Joan, xiv. p. W BU Mag I MSI <•• ¡ •
pt ii. p MW, ig. ft.
lUmtneall'u roniata, Timnb. Ft. Jap. 1 IS; Oacrtn. Kniet, ii. 4SI. t. 17(1. fig. &

nulhu> d /.. fiymtti «jmih» sed minor, squami« panris emana. Cantil :l *i.;»il.il¡s pad« intimo n.i.l.i. f.,hi, primum il i"Milam
congntla. Nal prim, nlialia ovats, profunde cordata, longe peliolata, nitide viriilia, venia «anguine» tineli». Itaoemns 4-ln-
floru«, vix pedab«, cxpanra* 9-14 poll, latiu, pedieclli» florifen. patwttlbna, ?> s Im. 1 «igi«. braetoil uvatia aeuti» eadocit.
Periantbium aqgvata iiifundihuliforrae, 4ft |>oll 1,.IIUIIHI, lulx» e hati &-4 lin. a/1 OoUun 12-16 lin, latum »ensini ai,
«egmmth e bati quadrant is tuperioria 6 9 lin. Uta ad basin anguatatU. Stamina pcrUnthio tríente breviora, antherî
4-1! lin. longis. Cápenla ei í. jríyuíifW similis sed minor.

llab. banda lapuujon al Carilan• in qrhrin umbroeia, ait "M* HO pede« (Oí »um. v Kínkiang, China i \ D
I Montibus prope Uaukow (RAMSAT). Xingpo ( FUHHl).

Huil> of ihr «ame character a» that of I.. yi/)<iutrtiiH, bnt »maller and composed of fcwct ataV a Steal -¡ U fot high, Bol cluilu«!
with leave» lo |IM bato, bol having a few large on« in a whorl abort a fool fmm the ground, and smaller «-altered one«
tonarda the bottom of the bmotoeOHli I -hming (rbmiv green, with a coppery burniih in a young «tote, all hi
with a brand flat petiole j blade sometime« nearly a foot long, prominently cordate, roundish or oíate, tin- M in. tmgod with
pOXpk afjdj Mutilate. IbMBIM fri.iu 1 t ii LO fatcbaa long, 1- to ft. or S-flowcrcd : pedicel» »hört and «tout; bracU
large, lanceolate, falling before the flutter» expand. IVriantb fbmiaMunMd, .". ..r II nobel lung, milk-white outsidt-, lii gei
witb green tunnnls the base: segment» obtuse, oblancoolatc, spreading falcate)) in their appal half, narrowed gradually to
the Ui~- lin tlm •• ii IB OBM >rll..ni.li m-idi- at tIn- hn«c, and spotted nitli purplish, without any papilbc or distinct groove.
Stamens parallel, aUghll] declínate. I little shorter than the |s-ruintli : ovary clávate, style parallel with tin-stamen», and a
Intl. i • insta« . I btoaal) thrce-lobed. Capsule ohloiig. 1-2 inches long, narrowed to the ba*c and top, with S
distinct trab, WIM B .MVO it a triiiiignlnr appearance distinct frutu ¡hut »I'¡U:I OU I UJj

r
|',lll" rare und curious plant lure figured is very marly allied to the Himalayan Li/njanlram, forming with it u
di-tinet section of the genus, named by BHDLtCHH Cnrttitirrtmtm. Ma. IVVKKK at one time cousidi i.
only a subspecies i if /. i/ii/nnlfou. lint on further examination of living plant* altered hi* opinion, and allowed
its specific ili-tinclm • in his revision of the genus. PnorKSSoR DVCIIAKTIIK also, in his admirable and minute
investigation* on the growth of Lilies from seed (see 'Journal de la Sotante Centrale d'Horticulture de France,'
2nd -er., sin., IH/4, pp. oM-iiSl ), ha«proved that lili« plant may he distinguished with certainty from /.. ijbjanlrum
in its eiirli. BÜ -I

Hie form und ]>ositiuti of the leave», the sliapi of the llowsra, itHDODB, ud capsule arc all very différent
fniiu those of the Himalayan species; and though 1 shall not lie surprised if intcruniliute forms lie discovered in
China, we have every miMin for treating the plant as a distinct species. It was originally discovered in Japan by
TIM'KHKRC;, who at first called il a HrmrroraUis, and DU AM beeil (bund b] HTCfal oilier l>ot;iiii»i». nut only in
I i| HI, but also, as I am inclined to l>elicve. In China.

In Japan it grow-, as I am informed by Mu. T. Ilocso, near llakmladi, in the islaiul of Yeao, und in other
parts of the northern islands, but more rarely in ihe mountainous districts north of Yedo.

Poor. M sviM"« uz also found it in the same localities, and tells mc that it grows mo.t luxuriantly in deep,
cool, shady wood«, where the bulbs are buried nearly a foot deep in a light rich »oil, and do not grow near tin;
surface, a« in the ease of /.. (jigttnttutn. It does not seem to be so gregarious as some l.ihcs. .uxi i-. »uttered
through the wood* in small inimbcrs.

In China it was found by the Amu. I>\\ in m ÚM I.ushan Mouiit.iin-. near Kiu-kiang 1 also b] MK. H.
KOKTI'NR near the tempi, .if Tun-tuns, about SO mile« from Niugpo (sec l-'oitri M • ' \\ auderinir« in China '). I
mi not certain that these plant- m id« utie.il with the Japanese variety «hieb i- here figón il. Iuib.il. Iroiu a
drawing sent Dtab] LA»1 I! oisw. which represents a plant found by Mn HMIMI near Hankow, I am inclined
to think thai th- < nil» M plant differ« considerably from the Japanese ; but .,- the existing material i- n..t -utticient
'

to decida tin« certainly, I • onlj call the attention of rettdmti and traveller- In Chin» tu the fact, and hope that
\%. »hall won be able I" clear up th.- qui

bnlhs to
It stems thai th
MR. NOHLK,
I fir-l Introdnced ftmn China about tin ;i.ir
of It;iï«liot, «ilh »hiitii tin y tl'iwir. il.
IH:,:I b| MR. EL Fimrrsi;. «li
Tin- phot, hnwu.r, MM soon foe) -.ííjht of¡ and
A
though it ha* been raised from tend bj Hi n it M \\ l.in MTI IN in MM <|uaniil), and also imported from Japan
in small number*, I rln nut think it will ever beennn i- popolu a plant in our gardun as its Himalayan eim-in.
being apparently of a more delicate constitution and much inferior in beauty.

There was some correspondence on the subject of this ljly in the 'Garda for 1677, which
lendl to show that the variety fini introduced by Ma. FORTCXE, and which, as I have said, probably cmio
from China, was taller, more tturiferoiis, and Othcrwiee finer than those now in culti\aliini. There i -
derable difference in the arrangeaient of the leaves, which are not always arranged in a regular whorl, but are
i attend.

As this plant product s ¡u leaves very early in the spring, anil they arc much injured by frost, it is desirable
tu protect tin in with a hand-light; and care must he taken that the beautiful bronzed foliage is not injured by mm
and wind.

Though it ha« bei fully grown by HKRH LIU IIII.IN. M. K KM. U.K. and others, 1 have never myself
been fortunate enough to flow« the plant, and am indebted to SIR JOSEPH 11OOKI.II for permission to figure one I
which flowered in the Royal (¡ardcns at Ken in July 1877.

The capsule, which is the only one 1 have -ven. was grown by MR. MAI MSH.SII. of Oatlands 1'ark, Wcy-
bridgc, and though probalily not fully developed, contained a ( ul-, and «how, the peculiar shape ff i >
fairly.

I
i!

«9
x
:
*?/

í w

V t*^¡
\\J

V ^
LILIUM WASHINGTONIANUM.
I' II K W -SIIINOTON LILY.

L. WttUagtodmim,Ml Proi Oalil lead. S IS, IMS; Wood, Froe, Acad. Phil. 1888,104: Bakar, Gau Oi n 1871,78
amlJouni. Una 800. «It i> - -; Begeh aerteofleta, I •!" Daobartre, Ova, 80; Ploro das Sonsa, 11976 11
L. All A ami, Nuttnll. bi

BulbaaoUiqina,elboa, rahibiaamataaa, ajoambpamina laaeaolalia OaaUal B-podalia, tons, gMbor, viri.lis épier raaanv
inlri rucenium nudo«. Mia - 1 'J-foltati* dispmiti, ral supcriora »pan», oblanocolata, patentia. soadlia, glabra,
:l-4 poll, lunga, supra medium 8-12 lin. lata, acula, viriuia. <• medio ail basin scinim ongnrtala, vcniili» biii-ralihus obliquis
¡mli.tincti« l-p>-dnlia. 12-30.tloni*, expansa« 8-8 poll. Utu«. pedicel!» ascendentibu«, inferioritm«2 I poU.
bractci« |or<is. obhuiecolatis vi-1 BMBlibaa, PorfantMam MaHWlcM, iniiindibiiliformr, albidum. 2» -3 poll, longum. intm
latfcax rabollo n 1 purparoo Baal DB, panotii panda, parrir, Kb inn rparaiii regaKtttn obluweolatfa, e bail iperiori«
1, labs ail basin MUho UgUtath, loit expunso tríente vi-1 qtiadnuiti- sii|>eriote falcntis. .Stamina pcrianthio quadrant*
brcviorn; antlirri» Intel«, 5-6 lin. keajHJ in.uiíiiu > 0 h" langUB, »tvlo runato «ibtriplo hreviu».

liai. California, Oregon, in sylvi» montium 350tM¡4Mni pal, alL (Jïrnusr, HBUMK*. Loro, Euwao, fee.)

Bulb oblique, subrhixomatous, composed of k*Jg¡ nnrmw. whitish scales attached al their base to a horizontal axis. Steal
:i
feet high, erect, (onto, glabrous, frasea in several distinct whorls 10 • inches or more apart, made up of H :o 12 oblan-
rcolate spreading leave«, :! I» inch« long, by 1-1'- HBO) broad, glabrous, more or Im amrad at the edges, indistinctly «eiaed,
,.rn.i iir,.- agattond on tl»- appal prt of the »lein. Flowers 3 to 30, in a raceme reaching a foot long. Peduncles ascending,
1 I ¡ncbc, long, with a lanceolate blastal lbs baaoof aaob. Perianth while or lilac, mure or loa tinged with purple, am]
•potted on the throat. 2J t indu-' deep mi oblanceolate, narrowed to tile base, not pnpiUW. Ovary s 9 Unes long!
style 1J-Î inches, coned toward« the top, »lightly eaoetdieg the filaments; anther« yellow, 6-8 line-" long. Capsule raotev
Wing that el & 0 I >Wfi.

rpilK Waabington l.iiy w.i- probable fini brought t<> notice bj D«. Kt:i.i.oim. of San Pnadaeo, who exhibited,
s
a dried specimeu and figure of the plant at a meeting of the California!! Academy of i I sol. It
liml pwthnnlj besa found bj JKPTBBY, who sent specimen- ba the Ki » Herbarium, gathered in i*.'>:t. The plant,
however, was nut described till |HI'.:I, erben 1 >it. Kiiincn gave it the name of Cohan H'tuhingloiuanum -, and it \va«
again described by 1'noi. \. WoOB miller the same name in |HI;S.

Notwithstanding it« beauty, thi« plant was not introduced into mir garden- until recently, when Kor./.i., the
well-known botanical traveller, having been put OH the scent by HKKII MAX LBIUHTLUT, of Haden, sent him a
consignment of bulbs from California, which arrived in lHli'l. Shortly after this it flowcml in Ma. LflCUTI is -
garden, .mil was tijjuivil by Dit. Um.hi. in the ' tiurtctilliirn,' .mil aba in Mil. V IN BOOTTB'O ' l'Ion ill - >< rn-s '
In 1S71 .mil |.s7'> large i|ii.iiitities were eolleeted by MB. ROKZI. and sent to Europe, which have now found their
way into the hands of mosl amateurs and nursery men.

Though this plant has not hitherto quite realized in gardens the high expo tltioiU thai were formed of its
beauty, there i* no doubt that the better varieties, when well BttahBahed, will rank among the finest Lilie-.

In oonaMeting the best means of attaining this object we must first describe the soil and climate of its
native habitai.

DR. KHI-LOUT; say s in the ' Garden,' January 8, IM74 :•" It occurs in the Cuyumani Mountain in San Dii go
county (its ,••*t aontbera known limit at present), northward alotig the westeni slope of the Siena Nevada
between 3800 and CO00 feel delation, in Oregon to the Columbia river, and on the eoajBt-nugca north of 9
I'ran, i-, ,,. specially in the eastern parts of Meiidoeinoand IIuuilmldt counties. In all the localities iiaimil il a
either on ridgce, or on ttghtle shaded alopea of riilijes having a porous loose soil resting on a gravelly tubeoU, il
UO time have I met with a plant of tins Ipecke in a soil of which the ilrninage was not perfect, or which when found
on a slope, did not face to some point between east and south. The pale, loosely --c.il, ,1, ovoid bulb i« found
depth of 19 to gn hachea. The hawght "f (he stem, the nnmber of wborh and of fiowon on • single (teat, lary
very much according to soil, pootl nul age of the bulb. Much has bien said about the difficulty of cultivating
this beautiful species. I willingly confess that I have also met with many rOVarBM mtd 1 paid proper attention
- habit- and habitat-. Il tin bull, bt planted at a depth of from 8 to 19 inches in a loose, -nun uh.it gravett)
•oil, biting perfect drainage, there b no dàntadt) h» obtaining ««tUhetorf rewalto. Although there U poeitiverj
no steine differ. >. mis collected either on the Sierras or 00 tli«' eoest-nogeS,yct I I""'"!
thai bulbs frmii the en i rovJd ahraya hkonj more readily In San Francisco (in oool I. Iho«
fn>i.i the Bierraa. The rewon ¡- obvióos ¡ bol it would tie interesting to k""w if tfaa ««me hold, good .it other
place«."

Two dringe are evident fr..m nie account, ffaj. that the bulbs BVet IK- kept ont of reaeh of the frost, and
abo fn.m being hunt bj the ran, Though the heal of California l*>tl< in Hunmec and «inter • (en pt at high
<|.i at ion,) much greater than that of Kngtatid, yet the depth of the «oil lying over the bulb would effectually
prevent it from ever bCMOniug I ither loo liot or too cold. So great a depth would l>e uuncec,,ary in BuTOpC ; but
the drainage, whether In pota or in bade, nul evidently be nio>t carefully attended to, as the rainfall and
dampness of our climate t« greater than at San Francisco.

I am indebted to Mit IIVN^ON, .»f Sew York, who for aan year, baa cultivated Lilies with great sue., K,
for the follow in» not.« on the ipeciaei "f.. ffeuananlWiaae» b found in almost every county in California and
•a. lite best variety that I have »ten is from Jacksonville, Utcgon, which had the tuilli» and How era very
-omitime- pure white, but sent rally spotted with purple, and occasionally with a yellow hand. The soil in
ili. |> irt of the country is very rich, cool, and well-drained, w Inch perhaps accounts for the luxuriance of tin' plant.
received from Ma, HOI.VNUKB, of Sau francisco, three bulbs of /.. ll«*«M;faHi*irNm, the flowers of which
w.r. upright and trumpet-shaped. With the scent of a cowslip. It bore on one spike 21 flower«. Than fa) 0
splendid variety, growing OH the bank, of Kcl Hiver, California, which has flowers of a light purple. All the
varieties thrive in a deep, rieh, loose »oil and dry bottom, and arc much averse to frost. They grow best in
a frame tilled with leaves and covered with a mat in winter. Tin, way of protesting them will make the bulb
(¡row all the winter ; but if the roots once rot, the bulb will abo pariah. I think the plant i> well worth all the
trouble expended on it, though for common gardening it is worthless."

The ,t no lure of the bulb in th¡, ipeca , i, very peculiar, though under cultivation it partly loses its eha-
i.i. i«ri,tir,. It is quite unlike the bulb of any other tpectes, though that oft. Ilumlfitdli rccmblis it in some
pointa,

It eoosiata of a horizontal rhizome, COTend on both side, by a quantity of fleshy scales, of a duty white
colour. Those acalee arc about 2-3 inclus long, by half an inch wide, pointed at the top, and convex OUtakie,
Tlieir base» are attached to the rhizome in such a way tb.it thOM DO eaeb side face each other, and arc rather
sloping than vertical. The growth of new scales, ¡ñatead of taking place in the heart of the bulb, as usual, ¡, at
one end mil) ; and the scale» gradually decay at the other end, so that the flower-stem ¡, thrown up from one end
of the elongated mass. The roots proceed from the base of the bulb, gradually dying away M new ones arc
formed under the advancing rhizome. The growth of I or 5 •Can, however, is visible in a large bulb, which will
measure 5 or 6 inches in length by •• or :t in depth, and has a thickness of about •-' inches.

The variety of this plant which ha» been described by Mu. BAKBB as var. purpuren*» differs from the plant
which I hat« Bgun 1. hi the nearly erect position of its flowers, in its smaller size, and in other re,peel, from the
typical variety I'uor SSABNO WATSON, of Harvard, proposes to separate it tpedlcaU) under the name of
L. ruinerai, and has doubtless some good reasons for iluin» so. As. however. 1 should be unable to »ay to which
apt dea some of the plants 1 have seen ought to be referred. I prefer to keep tlicm together, and will give a separate
illustration of this form in my last part.

The plant her«, tigured flowered in the garden of Mas, BATBMAM at South Kensington, in July, IN"? ¡ ¡,iid
for penmsaion to Bgun it 1 am indebted to that lady, who culttv.it>. l.iiu, in what would seem a most unsuitable
situation, with as much ardour and success, as her husband MK. J. BAMMAH, Fits., foruiirlv showed in the
«•ultivation of orchiil,

'llie single flower represents the colour of the ordinary variety, which is much inferior in beauty to the one
K. re figured.
ULIUM WALLKIIIANUM.
H \I.IK HS M |,v.

/.. HailkUaHtm, Schult« fil. Syst. vii. 1689: Wall. Oit. 007«: Hook. Hot. Ma«, t. IM1 ; I.indl. & Paxt. Pkm '
ISO, r,it• ioMWi I .ernähr, J¡itil..H.'iir. I Kl.',. 10C; Flore dm Sem-, t. M2; ll.ik.-r. Jmirn. I.ititi. S.K-, MT. p, AS.
A. Jn/xmieum, I). l>on, Pmdr. N'en, 63, non Thnnh.

£. latfiflornut, Wall. Tint. H. N'rp. 40, t. 39, non Thimb.

/.. ¡Ultimi, Hamilton Ms--.

Pulbiu ovoidea«, 2-3 pol' •**sm, aquamU alhi«, amti«, margiuibu« •cario«!«. Cauli» I G-pcdalia, viridi«, strirtn«, t
F'olia «par»«, linearía, glnbm, trincrvata, 5-9 poil, Ir.nga, 0-0 lin. lata, superior» bntiora, latiora, «wpe 5-ncrv»u. Flor. «
•olitarii vcl 2-fl, «uaveolctit.-*, boriacolatW Perianthium alhum, extn« ba« virid.ilum, 7 9 |»IL longuro, segment» infcriorib'ii
deftexi«. Stamina perianthio 2 poil, brctiora; antli. n< lui. is 12 14 lin. longis. Ovarium 1J-2 poil, longiim.

liait. hVgii. subtcmpcrata Himalaya; central» et occidental» a Kunann ml Nepal, elcf. 40OO-G00O pcdum.

Stem erect, 4-rt feet high, locate* numero««, often very crowded, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, glabrous acuminate, indistinctly
veined. Flower» terminal, drooping, solitary, or two or three from thr same point, in which ease the four or five upper leave«
or Imiet» form an involucre, PvrilHtfh «¿ailinti s 10 indu-« |..ng. broadly otate, lanceolate, and «pleading abóte, the low«
part extended into a long claw. Flower fragrant, delicate, creamy white, tinted green or yellowish oubidr, cspcciallv
tulie. Sumen 2 inche» shorter than the perianth; anther. I-1J inrh long; pullcii »11 i« Style longer than stamen-
stigma large, capitate, with three gibbons rcflexrd lohen.

rpillS tiiu Lily «MS originally discovered bj BICIIANAS HAMILTON ill Nepal in |H02. and was sent to Bui
undi i t In- n.itive name «f Httlisitn. WAII.RII next found it on Sheopore, a high mountain near Kathmandu.
in 1930. He published a figure and description of it under the name of /.. lonyiflorum in the 'Tetttamen Flora-
Ncpalcu«i«,' from tvhieh Si IHITI« w.i« led I" COBfidw it .i ili«tinct specie«. It mi introduced in a living (tab
hi, M »Jim Mumi.v in 1849, and WU figured il ÛM ' Botaiifil] Magasine' and l.mdley and Paxton's 'Flower
Garden ' in the following year DR, I.IMII.IV nrja : '• \\ c icicivid it l.i-t year from MH. D. MOOKK, the skilful
curator of the Botanic Garden at Glasucvin. to which it had been sent with many Other plant» from Almor.ili 1>.
\| um M VIMJKS The bulbs arrived in April ; and on the 10th August the plant- were 4 feet high."

The rout figured in the ' Botanical Magazine ' is so very unlike the bulb of this Lily, that I supposed it to
have been inserted by mistake; but DR. \Y AI.I.K II. from whose plate in the ' Tentamen ' the root me copied,
»ays :•" The base of the stem 1 have repeatedly found horizontal, creeping, and scaly, like that of a fern, without
any remainder of a bulb, but marked with a uutulier of vestiges ofuld Itens."

This peculiarity, which I can hardly doubt when we have it on such good authority as that of Da. WAIXICK,

ha«, a» far as I know, not been observed In any other species of lily, or by any other writer. The bulb« which I
ham examined are quite of the same type as those of other oriental Lilie«; tliey may, howevrr. IM- easily distin-
guished from any other by the «carious edge« of the scale«, which arc closely pressed together, and pointed at the
top.

The best account we have of the native country of this Lily is given in a letter from a correspondent of
MK. BARK'S, printed in the 'Garden' for January 24, IS7I.

Writing from Masuri he says • "/,. HaMckianmn flowers in August or Septemln-r, more u«tudly the latter
It is a hardy plant, and here defies both heat and cold. I find it growing at an elevation of 5500 fed on tin open
| bille, ii a slope of 45°, not in the shelter of the forest, in a soil full of limestone pebble«, the matrix com-
posed of lime, clay, and vegetable mould. On account of the strip slope of the hillside it • thoroughly free from
«in plus water, the temperature of the summer sun being from 120° to 130". From June to the end of September
(which is our rains -i u-mi) it grows in a perfect deluge,and is often enshrouded in mi«t for day« together. From
Septemlwr to December it gradually dies down in a fine warm temperature by day. with hoar frost at night in
November Little rain falls during these months. Sometimes there is but little MOW in «inter, with haul fan!
at other times the «now Ii. p ; but this is unusual. The bulb« lie at from fi to !» inrh. - ,1. pth, and are
uninjured. The plant seldom or never produces seed, but is propagated by suckers or by bulhlct« from tome part
of a long root; so that ÚM Bl Wn ring plants arc surrounded by numerous young ones of various ages.'-
Another correspondent writa •"t PPaJJUtanaa I* eertaial) • megnificenl I.ilv I h»vr seen it in tin-
Himalaya- s Reel i

Prom these accounts it ii evident that, whatever may be the potren of enduring ooM of this l.ily, a very
ii end nini-turt-1- MCettary for it : and for Ulla rca«nn I do not think it « ¡II em
pram n eat] plant tu grow in Europe

Jut at the time »luu we luvr mo-t lient in England «M Oanallj have least rain; and the «.i
that /.. Haltichianum pom ao late and so weakly that it il CO« down by frost ju-t ho« .1
little rigour. MB, Nivnc, boirvnr, of Hull, ha- tuecceded in keeping it lor tome yen», and taya, hi Un
On I.iln- b> l>u. \V wj, »1: ¡ •• l m not I little turprlaed to see tin- allusion made to the native habitat of /..
Uail.rhimum. On this matter I am in a position to give an opinion, a« it baa been planted out in thejM gardens
for sixteen year-, and OowCTS (Ter) >iar. It lia- Derer had any protection beyond a covering of about Ii in
light peaty soil, Although cultivated for so Ions it hi very any of bwreaee ¿ and I once very nearly lout it through
an attempt to divide what teemed a perfectly formed oft

It i- the opinion of MR. LSIOBTUM that there are other and inueh finer formt of L H'alUchiaHMm than the
one here figured; and it i» described b] \V n.1,11 11 M bavins u-ually two or three flowers on a stem, but, as far
1 ' H 11 out of these now edit in Kurope.

1 am indebted to Dit. \V u I.MK for the plant here figured, which flowered in July 1*7« at Colchester. It
agreed almost exactly with the figom in the • Botanical Magazine ' in the slightly irregular position of the lower
petals. I believe it was grown in a greenhouse, and attained nearl] i¡ feat height,

A large number of bull,- m r, imported three or four years aço by Mn. IS VKR. tome of which have flow, red
in England ; but I have Ben r teen or heard of any finer than the plant figured ; and the majority of them have. I
believe, like so many other fini I.1I1-, perished after a year or two.
«•

••ta

•*_
111.H M AVKNACEUM.
riSCDEKS ULY,

6.MMMMM, Rasher, Mux»,.., ta i: ,, •_,,• . ,., •lk,T , ••, J<>ulti v% f ..,

/ Mwfqaii, Led il. Ko»». |t, i IV, a |MI|,

/.. mtJtohUm, Fmnrli. et Naval. Bum, Jap. vol. H. p. 63.

A. macmtattuu. s... Hohen, »1. \. l .1. 76.

Hulbu* iionu«, j» r.-iuii», «.piaïui« imgilibu«, urticulmi«, lmearibus. aeuti,. Cuuli« «lui«,. I 1| -.'.p. d di», Mitt MCpiuinc 6-9
•d medium cauli» iu «cuicillum dispoaita, raro iu i, iti.il),,., lUM vil «piuwi ; lioruontalia oblancenlata, :;-I-|K,I1. logge, snpra
medium 0-48 lin. lata, glabra, mm. Flores 1-12, in racimo tel înterdiim »ubmnMlati, fanatoil pairis, podSulha nptoc
ccrnui», iiifimi» 2-S poil, longi«. Partmllilnnl rubro-da« uni, 1, liter odorum, 14-18 lin. longuin ; segment» lau. •
4-6 lin. latí«, ápice cuculla! i«, intuí intcrduin punctis minutia dceoralis; forróla glabr», profunde excávala. Filani
longo, ontlicris parvis. Otariuin 4-5 lin. longuui, stylo «bx-linal» duplo htniu Capsula obovoidra, ba»i aitciiuatn, T lin.
longa, 5 lin. lata. Kcmiua ¡«ru

liai. Kamtchatka (EKUSCUOLTX). Sachali, • |[SoDODr) bu Kfllikuste (lltaa. FISCH.). Jupnnia fJCuiMWIl

ITulb «mall, white, composed of narrow, pointed, loosely attach«), jointed «ale«, the upper part» of which resemble iu Bntj
ibw a grain of oats, from which the plant take« its name. Stem 1J-2 feet high, »lender, terete, glabrous. LcSffW
usually in » «ingle whorl of 6 'J. but sometimes in a double whorl, or scatter«]. 3-4 , trowed
up»anli to a long acute point, thin in texture, and glabrous or faintly downy beneath, with 3•5 indistinct nerves. 1
! 1- or mow, in an imgnlarcorymb, or «ubumbcllate, on «lender brioItsolstS psdieeK .hooping at tlirnprx. lVrianth lf>- I»-
lines long, scarlet or r«hli»l> orange, th<- di«i«iou« Unccolatc, blunt, and faintly pubescent at the tips, 4-0 Une« hroail, i. Ian I
for two tlm.L ol their length, .i-.tt.'! on the face with dark purple or black, not papillate or puboccnt on the groove.
Filamen:» !' -12 line« long; aiithct« snail. Ovary 4-5 linca long, shorter than too style. Capsule obovoid, narrowed at the
base.

rPUOrOll IJlium iimniBW apiH-ars to ba a very common plant mi (lie mast- md ¡«laud» of North-cantero Asia,
our knowledge of LtS peculiarities i» «till Somewhat deficient, and it WSJ not until 1*77 lli.it 1 w.i- .lUle to
procure a living plant of it for figuring. It was apparently di«rovcrcd hug ago by I'.W.I.AS, and afterwards
gathered in Kamtchatka by by Kmxnv.. L«. IISCIIOI.TZ, and other traveller», but was not recognised or described
as a distinct species until M «\IMOW 103 brought it to Ruará in 1*<">I. and described it from a plant which (low. red
in the Botanic Garden of St. lYtcr«!>urg.

This Lily has Wen «»incwlmt confused with another ineeies (/.. ílmsoní), which I have already figured¡
bul, without »peaking of tin grc.it difference in the size, habit, and appearance of the plant, the -tincture of the
bulb is »o very different fftmi that of A. I/nusoni, or of any other Lily, except /.. mrrlroloiiirs, th:it I have DO i
talion in separating them. It «cine, to resemble A. Irmri/olium much more closely than A. ffinwMi; and mill
grows much more luxuriantly in its native country than it has done in cultivation, I am ut a In-« to understand
bow it ran ever have been confused with the latter.

PROF. MAXIMUWM Z tell» me it is common in Kamtchatka, and is also found iu the Kurde Islands, 9
Sachalien, Smith Y. -<•, North and Central Nippon, growing in mountain-meadows and grassy bill-* in good black
-oli It i- I onmionU mod M an artille of food by the semisavage inhabitants of North-cast Asia,

I am mdebt.d to MR. PRINOI.K, ol" Vermont, for three bulbs of thi- l.ily, which be cultivate» with more
»ucees« in the climate of the United States than we can hope to do here. One of these, which I «cut to Hutu
\l «x I.KK IIT1.IN. produced two tlower» in June 1*77. From this plant, and one which was exhibited by Mu.
\\ ,,,,,., ai a meeting of the Royal Horticultural Society alunit the «ame time, my Plata » taken, tin capsule,
which I have not «.en, la-iug copied from the plate in the •Gartenflora' for I860. The deli.., I th« hull.
oí thi» Lily, which, from their rc-cmblance to the (rrain of the oat, have given it the name of ««we««., -nui t..
be very loosely attached, and, I am inclined to think, do not form offset».

From what I CM haru, 1 believe that a very moist cool soil and considerable summer beat are ¡iidispe..
for the growth of thi« plant. «Inch ¡a «ol bkcly to become naturalized it. our gardu,,.
LIU I'M MEDEOLOIDE&
GH IT'S JAPAN LILY.

/,. mtdnhUts, A. t.r»T. Mon. Amer. Acad. M. 116; UiqaO, Ann. Mm. I.u«.-n.-it. ¡ii. IM; linker, ünn. Joum. «v. p. 23«.

Caoli« I gratula, tere«, glaner, flexnosut. Folia in vertkillum onicnm I • ili»¡«»ita, oblanceolata. teñera,
pial»•, »iridia, t-fl pull, long«, supra medium 0 I "• fan, lntn, wnis latendibu» 3-5 distinct!«, pane» rnluctu supra vertirillnm
spara. Flore« nUlarii vel %-t umbrllati. podio Ufa hn'vihu» apto crecti». IVrianthinm IS-U Un. loiigum, «rectum, ipotta
tiiio-riil.Mim, i«iiwti. paw • . ih'coratum. »cgTOcnti« Uuireolati* c Isnsi. lcritcr fnlrntis
apto, callona, canuhcnlntit, puhcruli«, nwdin S-4 lin. lut», bad Irriter ipatblllatfa, foicola raiiuali obscura, glabra. Filament«
perianthin duplo breiioro, aatheri« 4-6 lin. hxigis. Oarium rla>atum, 4 Un. kinguru. atylo electo paulo brrvius.

1
: I ( w Linar). Inania Korrann, in «jrlrà inunda!», iwiar Junio flnrcna (OLMUJI).

Bulb probably iwembUng thai of L nrrnarrmn. Stem 1-2 feet high, »lender, terete, glabrou«. Latte« cither amagad in a single
whorl 'Í 7 II. .i raid) In t>r<> whorls, with a few srnttenil im the upprr |>art ,»f the «tern, oblanccolate, acnte. 4-0 inch•
long, 0 II Una) wide, :; taemd, anlte glabrnoaL Flower» 1-3 or mon-, ¡n M umbel, the »lender padniwlai ; 2 ¡nchea
IÎ IS lin • i euj,< M ', 'i » •!"•• mi niton» only mar «to dp, laacettlana, not aimmed
into a iU»tinet claw, 3-4 line« hrond, reddish jellow, «rith a few purple spot*, not papiUoac or pnbc«r.-t».t Filaments 9-10
line« lone: anthers small ; style longer than the clávate ovary.

/ \F this l.ilj WO know less than of almost any other Asiatic specie*, ami what we do know is not very certain.
fron ¡t. appearance ¡n a dried ataie I should »ujtpoaa that the plant i* extremely like /.. MIIII titania in
bulb, habit, and 1 -:H it differ« remarkably in the erect position of UM loan n. On 11 • ï • account it has
been pmiaed by Bin. BAKU unon : tin /toliriou group; bul I have figured it on the same Plate u l.. m-rnaerum
On aeoounl of it! ¡nlmbiiing the tame Ulatid«. aud being, a« I think, more marly allied to that plant than to any
other Uly.

It was first made known to . , i.e. In PBOF. A. GaUaT, who described it from specimens collected by the
1'iuUil-MaU» North-I^icitic exploring expedition near llakndadi. in Japan.

It must, however, be somewhat rare and local, as neither M WIMOWH v. nor any other traveller» have
notified it in Japan, or they have confounded it with other apodan.

\IK Ilona till* me in a letter, "/• attuattum is found growing in Fu-iy.itna, whence I hnu- rmivul
it Whether /.. nklrieeMáVl is distinct from it is a matter for int|uiry, as the two appear to be soiiutiiiu-
Confounded. The native name is •AVuma Yuri,' signifying the Uhnl-l.ily. The application of the nanu la
probably to the marked position of the haves in whorl*." I urn not aware that thai plant lia* >i t bean cultivated
in Europe with 001

I mmll number of hull)* have been teiciitly imported under this name, one of which it figured in the Rate,
and which stun I inctlj Mimlar to taUHN of A. atmaceum. I cannot be sure, however, of tluir authenticity ; but as
I am Unable to defer any loiter the publication of thai Hate. I BUUl have the matter to the invi-«ti'*ation of
traveller- and residents in Japan.

The plant «raj drawn bj Id*. Fmil from the excellent dried apeebaCftt m the K. \s In i hariiiin, win, h «cíe
collected l>\ Mit Oi.imwt in 16119 in the llcrschcl Islands, part •>!'the ('«ireati .irchijM'higo. It is much to lie
wished thai the aztremel] interesting flora and fauna of thcce island» and the Oorea may DO) i.ni.nn nncfa
almost entirclj nnhnown
»m
I
LILIUM CONCOLOR
3A1 [SBUBY'S LILY,

I W.iaOiB« Hog i 186 »ml «005; Baker, Jour«. I, B« (Bol.)sñ i


Plant tac > t .M (UT7); Lam III. HIT-,, I. 100,

Vnr. «. ivrict«, Befall ut «upri.

Hull,;, aaltmOl Mi« obluiigo-laoc.sdati». obrara 7-Bcrvii» ; acpalia ot«cure ooeriiiei», innnaeolaü», apir« paullu murria.

IM. Japan!

Var.ft rouuuni, Fiaeh. A Ijllrm. Iu.t s m Peto. 1840, p. M; Gartcnfiota, (.284 i 111,cam
; l¿-d. Fl. BOM. k p. 165 ¡ Tut«. Cat. llaic. n I

1. y/.r.v/,'••,•,,, I,•1. liot.t'«l>. p U

h. roncAr fiulrktllnai et BiUfUcHum, Baker. Joiim. Ijnn. Soc. (Bot.) xiv. ,•

II ill.i« ...1 t.iriiv. f•|¡¡« Ute linraribu»; aepaUs ooccineia, plu« mintuve punctatia, apice vix return».

I iiMitia et Mandschurin, China borraba (MvMUowiei).

\ »IMCIM. Until in Paart, PI (¡awl. ii. p. 1 Vuk Houttc, Fl. dcaSerre«, p. 120G.

Balbil eanpitosi«; foUU linearibu«; caule piloso, purpureo-nígreacente; floribusbaml ¡«lillosia.

IM. .Shanghai, eutta.

Var. î. I'.vmttXEtoN, Sieb, et De Vricec. Tuinbow Flora, ii. p. S41, cum icon«-.

Bulbil caapitoib); fulii. auguste lanceolatis, 5-7-ncrvii« ; sepalis pallide coccineis vel flavo variegatia, into« pune

llnl Japoniu, culta.

Subvur. »»,(-(•/'«•..'. Vr. loe. cit. p. Ml. Floribu» «ulphm

Var. ,. iimv, Regel, Maxim. :n Herb IVtr.; Gartennora, t. 885 (187C). (An satisdi.tüictu'l

Bulbb ntvpitad« (tide Recel,); falii» lincari-lanoeoUtis, S-nervalU; scpali« obtuaia ret apice aubmajginatis, lutcia, intus purpureo
luaculatis

Uull» canpitoao or single, about an inch in diameter. Stem 1-3 fiet high, erect, aubtrrrtr, in mac owe» (a.« in vnr. mi
pubescent, purplUli, and nceaaionally bearing small bulbil» in the axila. Leaves 20-30, scattered, spreading, Unceel
inehea long, 1-G line« broad, narrowed to both end«, faintly down) below, 3-6-vcined. Flower» 1-15, corymbose I
I J-2 faim long. IVriimth 1J-2 llWlllO llllOJlL bright scarlet or fjeBew, •IBfHlllOi more or !*• pnifuwU spotted with black,
C-8 tinea broad, «¡»reading, scarcely tpnthulate at die base, not papillose, the groove slightly pubescent. Filament- I2-1Í
linea long, anthers 3-1 lines ; pollen red. Ornry H-!> lines long ; style half as long. Capsule obovoid, oblong, about im bal I,
I Ig ; »reda ver) narrowly winged.

rpHE plant «hose iiitricitc -yunnymy 1 have endeavoured, with the help of Dr. Hegel, to unravel, is to me a
very puzzling OH, and another proof, if Mich «-i, needed, of tin eottlH m, • 11 rf n 1111 y of d> ruiiiiir on the
clarification of LÁlies.

II, i« \\, hart several varieties of one plant differing considerably in habit, colour, and size, hut not more so
than is usual in tin •_•, nog, anil liavinir fiowen nil of very similar appearance lint erbt n we «oine to examine the
bulbs, «re Sad two very distinct types; und, were it not for the fact that, as far as my present knowh-difi I a*
-not hern found in a wild state, I should at once decide that it had as good a claim to
ipedfli u as L. nlunihinnum DM from /.. rnnadeiut.

The fir-t type, to which tin lir-t two varieties belong, ha* a small, solid, round bulb, of ordinary shape,
lucb a- La shoun on the left-hand side of the l'late. 'lile »croud, however, produces what I may term I u,
bulb-. COM nor or Hve of ecpi.il size joined together at their base, ami, if -t¡ai,u,«l, each captUi
i liinilar IM»1 during • year's growth.
,lu
\ this i- knot I " ' "''i'11 '"
SUTJM . habil twiu oui to 'M the n-uli of culti

in some of ths unexpl is of North-enal bei*. ¡ rl • l'l"«»


,.*;.,, | Inced into cultivation, ha« developed in
il» wriet) ealled HWCMM, ami in Japan the varieties (differing only in colour) which are knew
•nfaawjoia.

If this is nui HI, how is it that the bull»- of pafeMbm, ol which I before fWMoto i- only a garden form, do
icji tu lorn nena, and, indeed, in this country more Irequenllj perish ili.m
reproduce themselves at all?

úant appear- to have been introduced in 1801 bj the RIGHT HON. Cnunua Gtniiu, (rom I
¡mil as :it that time we had little or no communication with North ami Central China, the bulh* wen probably from
some Canton carden. The variety soriewi wai broughl by MK POUTONI from Shanghai, where he found it in
m a wild slate¡ ami I hue received, through the kindness of the late Mn. Sirimton, ¡.
bulbs of this vaiiiij dim i from Shanghai

lich is in the opinion of Paor. MASIHOWICZ, ttu wild origin of /,. mncolor,
i» ¡dumdum Pekin, in Chinese Mongolia, in Havana, at the river Argon, on the Upper and
Lower Amoor, on the Sungari and Ussnri riven, and on the coast adjoining the northern frontier of Con I
ha- not, a- I'.ir .1- ! CSU I. .un. !, ¡ n found wild an) where in Japan, anil tli. small number of bulbs which is
siported ii • itttttrj shows that it i- not even in abundant •<

In cultivation tlii« Lit) is not liW<]v i inu «>li established, thongh I am unable to assign any
<-au«c for tue way in which ii sometime« dies away. It i- certainly hardy enough to bear any degree of cold in
which ii maj be i ipost il m ilii- country, but scam to require either more heat in summer or some other condition
which it doe- not get in England. Sometime! ii will grow and Bower well for a \car or two and then die ; and I
am inclined to think that, like /.. Iruui/olium anil oilier-, it i- not a true perennial, hut naturally perishes alter
•v

Prom a horticultural point of view there is nut much to choose between the different varieties. The
Shanghai form is perhaps the largest and nm . i 111 even that is with mc a very uncertain plant; and
the Ja¡. KM I have never been able to keep ovej .1 year or two, though in Holland and Belgium it
sometió According to Ma. LUCUTLIM'S experience, the seeds of the different varieties of this
quickly (in from four to -i\ weeks), and product «lbs in the third •

My PI 'Vii from a tine plant of the vur. puhkellum. received from Russia, which dowered at Kew
in July 185 ..ut of the variety tinie«*. from Shanghai, showing the pilos* -um* and cl
bulbs. Pig 3 1- .1 Bowel Of the Japanese nritliu» and a bulb of the same, from ill) own garden.
ri
Ll I>l TM OXYPETALUM.
aOTLE'8 LILY.

/• (irjr/rffafww, Ulk. r. Ijtm. Joan I Itotnny) xiv. ;

FfitHLirin -Hfl*/«/«, it..;i<-, ill. Hit» ; 1881 Boot Sot Hag. I rud-Flcar. <
/.. Me«** Klntsch. Bobi Wal.i. 58. t. 9S.

I/* iiniiiiM. h w 1.1 5S.

Bulbu« rlnngatua, aquamia paun«, UOW -olati», wii., IJ poll, longu. C.ulU graeili», tere«, viridi», gtaWr, 1 IJ-pcdalti. Folia
0, lanccoluta, infra «pnraa, 3 1 p 11. long», medio 3-C Un. Uta. Periatiftuura hada átale, I ,u btfaadlbalii ,•.,
lin. longum; wgmcntii oblongia, m .lio 8-9 lin. Inti«, purpuraaecntiboa, doreo viri.li
diniili" ml.-ri SIC purpureo ptuictatia, basi arete papilloah ; unguo brevi profunde «ulcato, cxln* barbate. Stamina pcrianthio
!. breviora; antlicria purpnnuccntibos, 3-4 lin. longi«; filament« divergentihus. Ovarium clavatiim. I t Un. l«agum.
- rectoa, ovario brovior. Capsula obovoideo-oblongn, 0-12 lin. long», obtn« angulata, «hi» opicc croarginatU.

Ihb. Himalaya occidentali« SOOO 1250O pcd. (ROTLI, BtBKHBT, llorraEinsi).

Bulb« elongated, with l painted, white «ale«, about l\ inch long. Stem (lender, glabroua, 1-1J foot high. \jmm
>. linear-lanceolate, «nttered, alternate or somewhat crowded MM the top. Flower usually solitary. «urn-time- -
in number ; the segmenta spreading from the bo»e ami hardly at all rcflexed, about 1} inch long by S or !< linca broad,
purplish in colour, spotted at the bo» inside with darker. Stamcna a third ahorter than the perianth ; anther« tcarlet.
Ovary clávate, Wi lin» long : »tyle somewhat shorter. Capsule 9-12 lints lung, obtasdy angled.

r
piHS pretty little Lily ITU apparently first discovered by On. ROYLK at Taranda, in Kunawur, So the North-
west 11IIHHI.IV.I-. It vvu-U1M> fnuuil l>y (¡t \KRAL SravcHKV at Piudari, in Kumiion, at an elevation of
13500 feet, .iiid by other travellers, but doet not appear lo lie a common plant, as, notwithstanding ill the effort- 1
have made to procure livins; bulbs, I have been m •

It WM introduced t.. England by UBUBS. STRACIIKY and WINTKRBOTTOM in I859,and flowered in June
1853 at Kevv Gardens, lite drawing which m then made by MR. FITI II and published in the ' Botanical Ma-
gazine,' plate 4 7 ¡H, II here reproduced.

I.ilwm trittpt of Klot-.h, win, h was gathered by Dn. HoriviBtsTBR, who accompanied PRINC»: W VI.I.KM VR

of Prussia during his Himalayan travels, appear» to be the same plant. Hie t)]H BpedUMU -which I hove
examined in the Ikrlin Herbarium! only differ from m y figure in baring the upper kam «0« crowded, and
occasionally in the presence of i H 9 flowers.

/.. nn»»m of Klotsch(which 1 have -ecu in the same herbarium) ha* the appearance Ufa «touted specimen of
the same »IH-CICS ; but the specimens arc not sufficient to make this certain.

The habit ami-,,, nftlu-pl.mt. which is the sm..ll.-t 1% >«t known, five U more the ipp ar..,..v of a
toWBaric ¡ bul .t- p., nliar long teal) bulb then** al -nee thai .1- ifluütj ii rather with the Li
LILIUM NEPALENSE.
I HI NEPALESB LUT.

Lmpbrn, l> Da«, Wets Tram .... p 412; ivdr Nap p. 68; Walush, IM Lût Rai i¡¡ p 87 . M] < ut M78; Baker,
Ijmi J.in

L. oeir

Balboa Ignotas I >s gracile glaker. Kolia »far«, lucide riridia, o«endcntia, glabra, lanceola««, int
",1,";' '-'" T-wrrata. cuprrion brvviora, dUtatitia. Flor« toÜtarii reí panel, ,,aii,
i o duet,rum bmctcati«. Perianth.um I i peg. téngala, Ute infundí.
bnl'f' -M- puueUS iparù« preditum; « _• . uowlebMngalsnlatta, obtuiiutcoli», ti
pan«' Us, «I bash tri.-nti» »up. n n. latia. Stamina |. ra ; antheri»
an«u»t¡«. 6 T lin. leaps, poUilM hit.« Ovarian 0 13 11». hmgum, cum rtyln rtamiiu ptululum «upcrant. Capeóla «ata, 2
poll, long», obtus« anguín la.

[intalayw central».

Hull. not known «ich certainty . bol those which 1 hare received a» L. arpaleiuf retemblé »mall bulb« of /,. WUBeUmma
:h, glabrous, nnked bdow. Leave! about 20 or aw, ontedaorcolatc, alternate or Mattered. 2-3 lachet long,
9-12 line« broiul, S 7-Bsned Plomen totitatt n ,..m. times 2 Of 3, drooping, 4-0 inches long, yellowish, more or lea*
maiktil with MI.' »-amen» a little »hotter tlui.it the perianth. Anther« 6 line« long, pollen yellow. Oiary and
•tfla a little kngsi loan «tarnen*. Coptoli onto, 2 inclw« long, obtusely angled.

b] t>:; Wu.i.11 n» native collector« at Phandaghur in July, and on the mountain of Ganaiu-tliim, war Kathmimdu, Nepal.

'pilK i.nly certain knowledge we have of Ink I ily ¡i derived from the description and plat« IM WAI M.I II II x

' I'! .v. '. -.' for though -p> rimen» t-xi-l in herbaria from other source». 1 cannot
e.inn refer
tin ni with certainty to \VVI.I.UH'N plant, and I liivr bean Unabk hi prooon any further information about it
from India. It appeara to be confined to the mountains of Nepal, ¡.t an elevation of 1000-5000 feet, and. jod
from UK plate, i- a ili-Uiict ami well-marked »pecio, differing bj the drooping pn«itioii of the flowers from any of
the marly allied planta of the Sutirawi group. It appean to have been introduced to England in ittss, the
following note from the ' Gardeners1 Chronicle ' fer that year. p. B64, being tin- only notice I can find <>f it, having
flowered in Europe :•

\ -mall, BUgle-nowered bull», with alternate lanceolate leave*. Flower» noddiiiíí, with revolutc, smooth
segment- U long a- the lulu. Stamm» -borter than tin flow, r. with deep-orangc-cohmrcd pollen. Accorder
DB.WAM.ICH the II. 1I11II yellow; in the specimen before u» they are irrcciiMl. much speckled with
purple inside It 1- from .. very weak bulb, presented to the Horticultural Society by the Bast-India Company,
which opt tit .1 on the 10th of July, that this note ha* been made. The Indian drawings represent the Bower
toba Bincha long, which corresponds with l»n, WAIMCB'S aeeoant and with our wild ipeeimens. It never
to grow more than 1 to S feel high, and baa an odour worth raentioali

A few bulbs, under the name of L uepalrnsr, were introdocsd two years a^'o by U a. BAUB ; and one of th M
is still alive m my gn ri.hou»« , \», IwWOT t, it has not yet flowered. I am unable to he Mire of its identity, and
have not figured it.

I m melme.l to think tl.at M». BAKU bas drawn up hi» notes on tin- -peel,- in« I
niele' with MM» Other plan, in VÍ«W ¡ but a» I behexe th.it the specimen» ilk WALUCH'S herbarium UN He only
one» which can IK- dep, ml. .1 on, they ha« been COpied by Mil. PlTCM fot this work.
^M
^
I.II,UM MARITIMUM.
Mil COAST-LILY,

! l
"' >' P "" i (tassa/ July 17, 1876 Flcliukrj • Said Chraa.
\ malm i". IÍ

Battra globosos, an matosoa, 1-lj .aquaiaUadpneùa.


Ibliili ii" '• <'• In- I i!i.. Ki |,;.>imp omnibu« »Itérais, rar..
latia. raferioribus crebri«, wipartorlbai r,. gana, itmim minnribu«, «upn-rai« 3-t> Un. Inngi». Fkn - I
attymboá, pedicelli« .-Innpiti« l'crianthium obi mirum. rol i-ginentii lanccohuU, medio 3-4
lin. latí«, llore expanso «upra m \i- gfahaUa pariai la Wwn. Stamina 9-10 lin. longa, »ntberi« 3 lin.
Inngi«.

IM. Novo Swamp-. M sa.)

Stem l}-3 f«t high, lames seaMi-i- ipper part of the st« aches
long below, dimúmliinj: in sin- toward« tli I red, glabrous. Peduncle» '¿-f> inches long, ssrcmünir. Flowers nodding,
reddish orarufi-, »ith |iur]di«h >¡"t,. ' tttUgbJiynn AalghL Capaoleand bulb onk
bot said to resemble those t I • «<x.

rpilis l.dy hu bees recent)] described i>y Du., Krim..... <,f San Francisco; »ml though it has not vt been
bnported ma ib to Europe, I am enabled, through, the Wndnc» of Ma. SaaoaitT, of Harvard
University. ti> UíM I figure of tt from D, which was selected as being fairly typical of the plant, and
«lililí i- HOW in tlu It'iy.il Hi rli.irniiii, K.vv.

Ha liuiB, to «li ni 1 am indebted for the description given above, think, (and I »m entirely of the aanu
opinion) that tl ir a. an U:»>w al present, no good character by «huh tbc plant can be diaüngeiahed
from U nlumbiaanm. but U WÍ I»*« OiOl yet been abk to compare the- plants in a living state, and I»« Kv.t.UKin
must have bad g 1 opportunities of doing eo, I ihould no) be right la refuamg to raeognia« it aa a diaünd «periea.

I bava received from MB, Rom, the weR-lmowo botanical collector, an aces t of a l.üy which he found
on the tarn, BO *ie* tí» 1Ä a»d American rivera, about ,mn miles north of San fra^dseo, and which, I think,
be the «..».• Ma Rom. sent home bulb, of it under the name of L Van iMiri; but I am nol aware that
anynf,!,,,,, mrvtved m have flowered in Europe (though I received a drawing of it «md« thai name trot
8*»M and Co^ofSt. Atom»), H «ibad il ea bring a dwarf Lily.ver] cnsUnc. in hai.it from any other and
1 .potted, campánula., .lower The bulb* resembled those of /.. rafamWe.. of whuh
the plant i« very poeaihly a local variety,

Tl,e following note on this l,h by Da. buco, was published in "IV Gardu,/ J,l> 17 M» -
• a verv dwarf tn.ir,,, M.V. recently d-cribad, dtbOUgb for UV, ***** * *%**
Ma. it,: and l,. bJacfmmm I flnd recorded b. bfad . v«W I ndtad •- ^""**T
particular. fan to it. -penal character,.,, ami ««footed many bull, for fatrib , ""£•
other friend, for tad* eulbZ and pari A b «- u, hi n u, MB. B. -• «- j üünkjMreB
worth, •f a d.Unc.c nanu, Ü has •c c, ping, «pitom. or nig», ma« of bulbs bk. fc, jaw,«
L pardalmum, and may be worth a umtinel notice hereafter."
I--
LILIUM PARRYl
PAHBT*8 LILI

/ WM*». Bol CM «el •.. Pi . n,• •,.,.• asad I

...
.•nan.»^.^...»..^«....,,,.,,,
nngtiUtata, apKv nciita. *

Hah. San Bernard

,luU. appar. »flat* ... f•rm betwe«, tbo« of /.. ITartn^Ctsfaw* and A. ^*W)MW, rtr-tawloin eo*.
tad, «bout a» ¡•ci, Ico» On •pp. IKJUlU Wly hncco,at,.
1
••»•' «nelly« «eariooaUy,
•*" "> »rtW» Hnvrcr, 1 10, ta .. «^ raceme. ¡ ¡ilrÍBgl>.

•*» »»»"'«<'•' -.'-« In» broad, with loa« nanowcU^di. og ftom


the ba«-, recurved at tba point : tfSBtaM • •boat half an inch nhorter than tlio perianth : author. 8
rang. Capsulo narrow, ot>lon«.arut<

I IM indebted • M I S, 8AHI «HI endtoPaov BIKKNO'VI ^TWW, of HarrardUoifenity, Cambridge, U.S, \


far tin description of thai Uly,

It « d bj Paor W 1*80» from specimen* Collectod by Da. I'\RRY eerlj a July 1876 in a marsh
-.111 Hernadnin County. South Califon.i.i

It appear« to belong to tin type Of /.. Ilashinylomauum mor. thin t.. .my Other Lily -, though I am not BUN
In r ..f tin I d with /.. I'myiflorum ice. ill the BenY*M section.

The bullí«, a- far a» I Unit drawimr, IM to In- of A type intermediate between /.


il athingliiiiiaitiim ami / ; : nit ll certainly with the former species. It may-
be that it« bulb-, from growing in a inar-liy situation, han .iiuvvh.it modified in form.

I am not aware thai any rarietj of /.. IKnwMsajfaUMnai ha« bean bond to far south as the San-Bcrnadino
tains, which ne in ah i K• on the borden of tin desert oountrj which lies between Arizona and

lam indebted t- Ma, Dl m iv Pi m» tor the follow ¡uu extract from DR. PARRY'S accomit of the plant•

•• i• ,•• of m] ioal » reunions in the vicinity "f San Bernardino, in July !*:•;. I accepted an oft-
>.<l brrhation t.- rie» the intelligent brothers J. P. and P. at Rwa ¡» tbek mountain retreat near San-
i ring the broad and p , of the Baata-Anna Talley near the emergence oí the
nntain-wall of thi Saa-Bwnardao range, mir rauta, after eroaeing Mill Creek, hugged
the foo.liiii the Dpper-Yocaipa «alleys thence, h> • more rapid ascent in a Marly direct easterly««
ire reached an dented bench seattered wüh pbu and oak grows, overlooking the broad sweep of the -
Gorgonio Peat,, « ostensión of the South-Pacine Kailroad. In one of these mountain
kstht M, •-•.. (UNO have located • |K«ntoe-i«ioh, the ekrotion of or« 1000 fèel giving a sufliáently cool
,i, ,i• adjoining •ioun.ain-lop.-s afford an arten«« entamer wttkwmigs kmg after the herbage
of the lowland« ha« dried up. ..
••.,, «altered Pirn. Cbntorithe gronnd was strewn with the massive rones .• Itopeculur
, , nifll .... ,•u.d «pi...- Kan, «f .1" roneswew fall, « inches m diameter,
with a length of a inebaa. . ,. ... ¡__
tow per i ben metwlth are mrott) ronltoed within drop am. Iroecrostt». •.
h« nor. to um nd, « qnin, I from be-roth drop »ye* ofpnromi .trete and spread out into bogy
Z dtj choked »p win r WH I AWer g -, 1 tonally expand .n.o small mead.,
of coarse grass and sed
Blithe steep grevellj slopes adjoining there wat the mini dtsplaj ^ Californien evergreen «hruhbery,
including the heath-like ^UmoeAMM (which, ander themuu of 'chamisel,' i- largerj need for fuel), the Holly.
leaved Cherrj (IVMMM i < loor of bitter almonds, the HltrmtU» arbtttiftíta with
gloss; varniahi and • prevalent form of 'California LUac' I Ceamtihu trnsiif»U«>) with thick leather]
foKage. The ! hoe which everywhere characterise« the moorish growth, is at thi- time of yew paru)
relieved bj briuianl scarlet restootuof PenMtmm curtytm trailing over adjoining buhes, or the lessahow]
bloSSOma Of I'rulttemon ternatun.
•• But irhal non attracted more exclusive attention was a conspicuons yellow Lily growing abundantly on
the boggj pound adjoining Messes. Rnto'a fa sharing with the potatoe-patch tl.«- care and attention of
the undisputed possessor! <if the soil Though not to showy u some other member« of tl» Lily family in this
region, there is a grace displayed in it- large drooping flower* -m-mounting a »lender -tun l>c-ct with narrow
red leant-, which are occasionally crowded at the base into a distinct whorl."

The Lily in question has not jet been introducid int.. Europe, but i- in cultivation in the Hotanic Garden
of Harvard I niversitj

The careful drawing from which Mu, KITCII has lithographed the Plate m made bj MR. OTTO GHOSHBH,
of Rock-Island Arsenal, Dlinois, from dried specim ted U\ I>K. PABRY, and was pronounced by thai
gentleman to be » true and characteristic likeness of ÚM living plant.
LILIUM PARDALINI M.
FHE CALIPOBNUS LUT,

TN •»> 1" "'"" '•f'I»- Lfll Which aeromnoo


,n .1 ,1
lMl ni . , e
l"" "'• "•» of th« cptdci tailed taRftmam l nid
""" "" :•";•"-"'" '" • '-• - to » . could j,,,,,, fr h, wiminittw of ,
•, i Wl""'' '" ' "' »> «* ''•'"• « i- »3 --<«•"• " believed them «Il ,• he fora, S
""• ''•'""- ,"" •» î H«. «"• - «H I« ; «d though i .,•,,.> ,,i •
•-'UU-] tnm
*• »•TA.qMfJlfMl.kr«.,
/.. HumMdH,

Du. S «"«*. trf Harrard I nirereity, »ho ha, recently reeked the .lora of th. Pacific Sute«,
rpeaksu follow., En • km« dated April», 1878: •• ! ,«,pcct that there i. M,,,,,- confusion with regard to
LfmrJatmrn and it- varieties. \l; .,•-,,, •ore scanty than I could wish; bul I hare specimens from
on bimai If. both of /.. ptrtoümm and hia rar. aMj•,,;/•i,Um. His fmdribmm U from Alameda County, and
p-tcrwored font «rich many-hand verticil*. The variety lias narrower leattarad leave*, and b
BABTWBO'I no. 1809 (/.. eemrimw, w. thriurgi. Baker),which I rappoee nuet also be /.. to**R, Reg
bhmder nid to come from Dteh, and in my opinion a good variety as compared with what I take tob«
the typical form. I do not know what your toUfimiom U, as 1 have not access to LWDLBY'I plate. HART» I
ion. which BAKU refer» to it f/8004 doubtten), he mentions again in connexion with L eoMiente, w
Toaan», ander /.. llumMJii. Is W not possible that th'u /.. caij/armeiiai coven forms of /.. /lumlMii
SUM,
( which rangea a* far north u Tuba Co. at hast >, a» well as perhapa the typical pordaJwuM."

Ii I 1 ii. i II tf.T dated May fith, and written after serine; the Plate in the fourth part of this work, Pnor.
\\ M-"S -.>>*:•"It Menu that my conjectur. og [,. ptirttdliniim were, at least in part, correct. Your
represents exncttj what 1 received from Da. KsUOQO as the typical form ; so that there need he, I think,
nothj id of a var. raH/urrnrnm."

After taking into cotiMdiration all the fails I have heen able to gather respecting this species, I think the
«ill be as follow« •

I. /,. parJalinum, Kell., =var. rali/ornieim, Lindl., = L. Itobmsotti hort, figured in part-I of this work,
the Plate lettered incorrectly M l.ilium rafiformoim.
This, which 1 take to he the typical form, is easily distinguished from the rest by the size and colour of
its flowers, which approach ÚWM of /. rjWeUti in dimensions and brilliancy. This form never, in my experience,
five forrera, usually only two or three. The pedicel* usually spring from one point on the stem.
a, dwwn in the figure, and do no. forma raceme, a* usual in the other MrietM - Thie form came true from seed
... ...v own garden. bul I cannot nj whether it alwsyi doee n 1 Imitate it was first introduced from OaUfomia
t., th.- country by Mn Bourne» of the 'Garden,' who has done more to make Lili« and other hardy ¡
popular than any other writer.
//o6. Alameda Co.. California.

8. /.. pardalimm, var. «»yxiti/olium. Kell, as figured on the present Plate.


Tins • which >s perhaps «he eommonmt in gardens. » distinguished by numerous flowers of moderate
•I..,.. U . Lbom 6 nahe- Ion, by on, broad, usually in whorls of eight to twelve , but the whorl, are
hroken aiol the I, (tared.

8, /.. ¡iar<talitt«m, var. otridentalc, hort. Ware.


A , the M, In, wit. rower, more pointed have«, twelve to «to» I., M th. cantil
, ,,••,•, and e o,,,, than in the lut. Il - mind ft md .n M,e « «. . nnmerj
fotte m ; bu. a p.an, from S Co . 0« ,•«. «hid. I nvcind from Ma. I. umOt, was evactl, dm.

4. / i. ni l.llanmkri.
.v .1 C. i I,nt is distimonslud by the whorl- of leu,-
n
' *»» ' »"« + "- ' °" ' "", n V. 1- The,,, ,, m K,,,,,,l,
almost invariably dottbk Each whorl centaine about i i-a lew« ni

I
day« later in low r than tin- others. It has been in cultivation many year« in the «rell-knowa
garden, of the Rnv, II BIXACOM an, at Bitton, under the MBM of /. Mkhaiiti bat haa nothing torio with /..
annum, of which /.. M I Synonym, It was, 1 lnlievc. introduced mam vean ego bj HA*T»
tin Royal Horticultural Society's garden.

• /.. ¡mrdalinHm, var. paBUffgBam, III


'Piis forro, »huh i-, in gardens, uinallyrailed ¡HiltfrulMiii.Imt ¡snot the pubfrHlumoíTORRF.V. is distinguished
li\ it- -hort, blunt, spathulate leaves, «huh an constantly of • paler colour than those of the other varied) - Il
i~ vcrj Boriferous, prodndng from twenty to thirty or more flowers on a stem from B I i 8 be) high; bul the
Rowers are individually somewhat smaller and paler than in the other varieties. I first received U in 1873 fron
M> "»s. BA< KHOI SB, of V"rk ; and I believe it «raj ttr-t introduced, together with other varieties of the -.in»
plant, b] MB. U Km./I. The first, second, anil fifth of these forms certainly appear to be distinct and con-taut
varieties¡ and the third mid fourth have been so for four seasone in nrj garden; but I should not be surprised
to find that their distinctive characters disappeared under changed conditions ; and, perhaps, even now they
could not be exactly identified with plants in a state of nature.

The habitat of this plant ¡> the roast-range ol California and Oregon, from about I0OO to 5000 feet
deration, when it grows in marsh) valley« and \vi t ¡.lace- nvai spring«. It i« fourni growing in great ahnnd.uu-i
in crrtain localities, and frequent!) attains an elevation of 1 or 8 fett- I am not aware that any of the forma of
tliis LU] have Inen found in the Hock y Mountains, or in Southern California. Tin habitat given for /.. I{«r;ti.
viz Utah, is, 1 think, very doubtful ; and MB. Koh/.t. himself na« unable In remember having found any plant of
this nature in t'tah.

The cultivation of all these forms i« so easy, their constitution so good, and their increase so rapid, that I
cam confidently recommend them to all. Unlike to man] I ¡lies, which year by year get weaker and fewer, and
soon die. notwithstanding all the pain- which has bean taken to provide them with congenial quarters, this m
i- ,i reatt) '4<>od garden plant, requiring only tolerably deep moist soil and protection from wind to develop its
full beauty.

Tin bulbs, when established, product- annually from three to five flowering growth» from each old one, soon
causing a crowd of fine stems to spring up, and a great abundance of flowers to appear. The seed also, which
is produced in favourable seasons, [¡row» much more quickly and c.i-ily than is the case with many l.ilies, and
produces flowering plants in about four years. I have found that it is better to divide the masses of bulb» formed
by tin rarietii • of this l.ily about once in three fears, as they crowd each other so much by their rapid uwreaai
that the stems become weak from want of room.

The plant from which my figure was drawn flowered in my gardeu in July 187C.
MB