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Technical Math For Radiography

Practice Exam 4

1 10a
10b =

A 10a+b B 10a-b C 10a*b D 10a/b

2 10a x 10b =
a+b
A 10 B 10a-b C 10a*b D 10a/b

3 100 =
A0 B1 C 0.1 D 10

4 Write 54,000,000 in scientific notation


A 5.4 x 107 B 5.4 x 106 C 5.4 x 108 D 54 x 106

5 Write 0.0000350 in scientific notation


A 3.5 x 10-5 B 3.5 x 10-4 C 3.5 x 10-3 D 3.5 x 10-6

6 Write 3,000,000 in scientific notation


A 3.0 x 105 B 3.0 x 106 C 30 x 106 D 30 x 105

7 Write 35,000,000 in scientific notation


A 3.5 x 107 B 35 x 107 C 3.5 x 106 D3.5 x 108

8 Write the number for 8.721 x 100


A0 B1 C 8.721 D 87.21

9 Write the number for 9.570 x 10-2


A 0.0957 B 957.0 C 0.00957 D 0.95700

10 Write the number for 3.5 x 10-4


A 0.03500 B 0.00035 C 0.000035 D 0.0035

11 Write the number for (2.5 x 108) x (5.0 x 10–5)


A 12.5 x 103 B 12.5 x 104 C 1.25 x 104 D 1.25 x 103

Practice Exam 1.4


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12 Calculate: 1.44 x 107_
0.04 x 10–5

A 36 x 1012 B 3.6 x 1012C 3.6 x 1013 D 3.6 x 1011

13 Calculate: 0.45 x 103 x 2.4 x 103 =


A 1.08 x 107 B 1.08 x 106 C 1.08 x 105 D 1.08 x 104

14 A relationship between two or more quantities or amounts is:


A A formula B A proportion C A function D Don’t ask/tell

15 What exposure time would be required to produce 50mAs, if 400mA has


been selected for a particular exposure? (mAs = mA * s)
A½ B¼ C 1/5 D 1/8

16 What exposure time would be required to produce 80mAs, if 400mA has


been selected for a particular exposure? (mAs = mA * s)
A½ B¼ C 1/5 D 1/8

17 What is the total resistance (Rt) in a parallel circuit, if it contains three


resistive elements having values of R1 = 4, R2 = 10, and R3 = 20 ohms?
( 1 = 1 + 1 + 1 )
Rt R1 R2 R3
A 2½ B 1/34 C 34 D 2/5

18 What is V equal to in terms of Q and C, if C = Q/V ?


A V=C/Q B V=Q/C C V=CQ D V=QC

19 To create a proportion, you must have:


A a direct relationship B two equivalent ratios
C an inverse relationship C a fraction

20 What are the extremes in a:b::c:d ?


Aa&b Ba&c Ca&d Db&c

21 What are the means in a = c ?


b d
Aa&b Ba&c Ca&d Db&c

Practice Exam 1.4


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For questions 22 and 23: The efficiency of a grid is also known as the grid
ratio. Grid ratio is defined as the height of the lead strips divided by the
distance between each lead strip. G = h/d

22 What is the grid ratio if a certain grid is made of 1/100 mm thick lead
strips and is sandwiched between fiber interspaced material 3/10 mm thick
and the height of the grid is 12/5 mm?
A 800:1 B 1:8 C 5:1 D 8:1

23 What is the grid ratio if a certain grid is made of 1/100 mm thick lead
strips and is sandwiched between fiber interspaced material 1/5 mm thick
and the height of the grid is 1 mm?
A 500:1 B 36:50 C 5:1 D 8:1

24 The product of the means is equal to:


A The sum of the exponents
B The product of the extremes
C The product of the denominators
D The square root of  times the radius

25 What is the principle of proportions?


A The more of one variable equals less of another variable
B The more of one variable equals more of another variable
C The product of the means is equal to the product of the extremes
D The product of the numerators is equal to the product of the denominators

26 What is the value of t equal to given the proportion,


9= 3 ?
t 2
A 1.5 B 13.5 C6 D8

27 What is the value of x equal to, given the proportion,


20 = 2 ?
2x 5
A4 B 25 C 50 D 87

28 What is the value of x in the proportion x:9 :: 5:15 ?


A3 B9 C 27 D 81

Practice Exam 1.4


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29 If 1:75::5x:125 x=
A 1/125 B 1/5 C 1/3 D½

30 What is the value of x in the proportion,


x_ = 4 ?
2a a
A4 B8 C 8a D 8a2

31 “An increase in speed results in an increase in distance covered” and “A


decrease in speed results in a decrease in distance covered” are examples
of:
A Direct variation B Positive variation
C Indirect variation D Non-linear variation

32 In the expression y=kx what represents the proportionality constant?


Ay Bk C kx Dx

33 Which formula shows direct variation?


A y=x/k B y=k/x C y=k/x2 D y=kx

34 Which of the following factors would produce the greatest radiographic


density? (See homework page 1.18/1.19 #21)
A 100mA, ¼ second, 36 inches SID
B 200mA, ½ second, 36 inches SID
C 50mA, 1 second, 36 inches SID
D 400mA, 1/20 second, 36 inches SID

35 Which of the following factors would produce the greatest radiographic


density?
A 50mA, 1 second, 45 inches SID
B 100mA, ¼ second, 45 inches SID
C 120mA, 1/3 second, 45 inches SID
D 400mA, 1/20 second, 45 inches SID

36 Which of the following factors would produce the greatest radiographic


density?
A 400mA, 3/40 second, 36 inches SID
B 200mA, 3/40 second, 36 inches SID
C 200mA, 15/100 second, 36 inches SID
D 400mA, 15/100 second, 36 inches SID

Practice Exam 1.4


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37 What will be the voltage in the secondary winding of the transformer, if
there are 125 turns on the primary side of a transformer, 90,000 turns on
the secondary side? The voltage supplied to the primary winding is equal to
110V. (See homework page 1.18/1.19 #22)
A 102,273 B 12 C 220 D 79,200

INVERSE SQUARE LAW:


The change in beam intensity (amount of radiation that will cause exposure
to the patient) and/or radiographic density (film blackening) varies inversely
with the square of the
distance and is express in the following formula:
I1 = (d2)2
I2 (d1)2
Where: I1 = intensity at distance d1
I2 = intensity at distance d2

38 What would the new dosage to the patient be if the amount of radiation
reaching a patient at 40in. is 3 R and the distance were increased to 60in.?
A2 B 1 1/3 C 4½ D 12

39 What relationship is illustrated by “An increase in one factor causes a


decrease in another, or a decrease in one factor causes an increase in
another”?
A Direct variation B Positive variation
C Inverse variation D Non-linear variation

40 Which formula shows inverse variation?


A y=kx2 B y=k/x C y=xk D y=kx

41 “An increase in speed results in an decrease in time required” and “A


decrease in speed results in an increase in time required” are examples of:
A Direct variation B Positive variation
C Inverse variation D Non-linear variation

42 What is the missing value if (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are ordered pairs of an
inverse variation problem and x1=3 y1=54 x2=2 and y2=?
A 36 B 81 C 0.11 D 324

43 What is the missing value if (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are ordered pairs of an
inverse variation problem and x2=11.7 y1=19.5 y2=10.5 and x1=?
A 21.7 B 6.3 C 0.16 D 324

Practice Exam 1.4


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44 What is the missing value if (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are ordered pairs of an
inverse variation problem and x1=2 y1=54 x2=3 and y2=?
A 36 B 81 C 0.11 D 324

45 In the Cartesian Coordinate System, the origin can be described:


A The central axis B An graph before plotting
C The ordinate D The intersection of the x- and y- axis

46 The Cartesian Coordinate System can be described as:


A A plane with a number line
B A plane with two number lines
C A plane where two number lines intersect
D A plane where two number lines intersect at right angles

47 The horizontal axis is:


A x-axis B y-axis C Direct line D Inverse line

48 Another name for the Cartesian Coordinate System is:


A Rectangular Coordinate System B Reticulated Coordinate System
C Rectal Coordinate System D Reptilian Coordinate System

49 The point (3,4) would be plotted from the origin as:


A 3 to the right on the x-axis, and 4 up on the y-axis
B 3 to the right on the y-axis, and 4 up on the x-axis
C 3 to the left on the x-axis, and 4 down on the y-axis
D 3 to the left on the y-axis, and 4 down on the x-axis

50 The point (-7,-3) would be plotted from the origin as:


A 7 to the right on the x-axis, and 3 up on the y-axis
B 7 to the right on the y-axis, and 3 up on the x-axis
C 7 to the left on the x-axis, and 3 down on the y-axis
D 7 to the left on the y-axis, and 3 down on the x-axis



Practice Exam 1.4


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Key Practice Exam 4

1 B 26 C
2 A 27 B
3 B 28 A
4 A 29 C
5 A 30 B
6 B 31 A
7 A 32 B
8 C 33 D
9 A 34 B
10 B 35 A
11 C 36 D
12 C 37 D
13 B 38 B
14 A 39 C
15 D 40 B
16 C 41 C
17 A 42 B
18 B 43 B
19 B 44 A
20 C 45 D
21 D 46 D
22 D 47 A
23 C 48 A
24 B 49 A
25 C 50 C

Practice Exam 1.4


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