Sunteți pe pagina 1din 34

Confirmed

February 2012

NO COPYING WITHOUT BSI PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW


Application of fire safety engineering principles to the design of buildings -- Code of practice
BS 7974
(Framework Document Philosophy)

Published Documents

(Handbooks providing supporting information and guidance)

PD 7974-0 PD 7974-1 PD 7974-2 PD 7974-3 PD 7974-4 PD 7974-5 PD 7974-6 PD 7974-7


(Sub-system 1) (Sub-system 2) (Sub-system 3) (Sub-system 4) (Sub-system 5) (Sub-system 6)

Spread of smoke Probabalistic


Guide to design Initiation and and toxic gases Structural Detection of Fire service Evacuation risk assessment
framework and development of within and response and fire and intervention
fire safety fire within the beyond the fire spread activation of
engineering enclosure of enclosure of beyond the fire protection
procedures origin origin enclosure of systems
origin

Design approach Design approach Design approach Design approach Design approach Design approach Design approach Design approach
QDR Acceptance Acceptance Acceptance Acceptance Acceptance Acceptance Acceptance
Comparison with criteria criteria criteria criteria criteria criteria criteria
criteria Analysis Analysis Analysis Analysis Analysis Analysis Analysis
Reporting and Data Data Data Data Data Data Data
presentation References References References References References References References
Start

Qualitative
design review
(QDR)

Quantitative
analysis of
design

Assessment
Unsatisfactory
against criteria

Satisfactory

Reporting and
presentation of
results

End
in
ig
or
of

in
re

rig
su
in

fo
ig

lo

o
or

nc

re

s
e
of

su

em
e
re

th

lo

st
su

nc
nd

sy
lo

ee
o

n
nc

io
th
be
ee

ct
d

te
d
th

on
an

ro
ey
in

ep
n
th

b
hi

fir
ad
wi

it
sw

of
e
ire

p r
e

n
ff

as

es

io
to

at
cg

fir
en

tiv
i
ox

n
pm

c
an

tio
a
t
nd
w

d
lo

en
e

n
vie

ns
ve

ea

ea

rv
de
re

po

e
k

fir

nt
mo

es
n

d
ig

i
an

of
lr

ice
s

n
es

of

tio
n
n

rv
ed

ur

io
io

ad

ua
se
ct
at

ct
tiv

te
re

ac
ru

re
iti
ita

De
Sp

Ev
St
In

Fi
al

5
4
3

6
1

2
Qu

SS
SS
SS

SS
SS

SS

Building characteristics
Design fire
Occupant characteristics
Evacuation strategy
Environmental influences
Rate of heat release
Time to flashover
Rate of smoke mass production
Rate of CO mass production
Flame size
Smoke and hot gas temperature
Smoke optical density
Parameter

CO concentration
Flowrate of smoke and hot gases
Time of fire spread from enclosure
Time of structural failure
Time of activation of alarm system
Time of activation of smoke control systems
Time of activation of smoke and fire barriers
Time of activation of suppression systems
Time of fire service notification
Time of fire service intervention
Fire service extinguishing capacity
Time of evacuation

Sub-system

Key
Likely interactions
Potential interactions
Critical damage to property/business

Suppression

ASET

Δ t esc
Escape time Δ t evac
Evacuation time
Δ t trav
Δ t pre Travel time
Δ ta Pre-movement time
Δ t det
Recognition time
Response time Tenability
limit

Ignition Alarm Evacuation Suppression


Time complete containment
Detection
venting
extinguishment