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Application Guide Volume I AG2017-22 Using an SEL-321 and an SEL-311 Series Relay to Set

Application Guide

Volume I

AG2017-22

Using an SEL-321 and an SEL-311 Series Relay to Set Up POTT and DCB Schemes

Jared Candelaria and Hardesh Khatri

INTRODUCTION

In 1993, SEL introduced the SEL-321 Phase and Ground Distance Relay, and it has been widely used to provide pilot protection on transmission lines ever since. Now, over 20 years later, many of these relays are still in service and in good working order. However, as utilities upgrade their systems, the SEL-321 is being replaced by relays that include additional functionality. It is not uncommon for these upgraded relays to be installed on a tie in which each end of the line is owned by a different utility. Occasionally, one utility upgrades its terminal as part of a new standard relaying package, while the other chooses to keep its existing protection. Even though the terminals have dissimilar relays, losing pilot protection is not acceptable.

This application guide details how to program the SEL-321 and SEL-311 Series Relays in order to maintain pilot protection by using either a Permissive Overreaching Transfer Trip (POTT) or Directional Comparison Blocking (DCB) scheme. This application guide can be applied to the SEL-311C Transmission Protection System, the SEL-311L Line Current Differential Protection and Automation System, and the SEL-311M Line Current Differential Protection and Automation System. For the examples in this guide, we use the SEL-311C to represent all SEL-311 Series Relays. We assume the reader has a basic understanding of pilot protection, so this application guide does not go into detail on the schemes. For an in-depth discussion of POTT and DCB schemes, refer to [1] and [2].

NOTE: POTT and DCB schemes are not available on the SEL-311A Phase and Ground Distance Relay, the SEL-311B Distance Relay With Recloser, or the SEL-311C Advanced Distance Relay With Recloser.

SAMPLE SYSTEM

Figure 1 shows a typical two-terminal system. Relay 1 is an SEL-311C that has recently been upgraded, and Relay 2 is an existing SEL-321. The two relays communicate through a fiber-optic connection to implement POTT and DCB schemes.

RELAY 1 RELAY 2 PORT 2 (EIA-232) PORT 2 (EIA-232) OPTICAL FIBER TX RX RX
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
PORT 2 (EIA-232)
PORT 2 (EIA-232)
OPTICAL FIBER
TX
RX
RX
TX

Figure 1

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MIRRORED BITS Communications via a Direct Fiber-Optic Connection

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PORT SETUP

To ensure that the relays can properly communicate with each other, set up a serial port on each relay for MIRRORED BITS ® communications. For direct fiber communication, use fiber-optic transceivers to convert serial to fiber (e.g., the SEL-2800 Fiber-Optic Transceiver or SEL-2812 Fiber-Optic Transceiver With IRIG-B). The SEL-311C supports two separate MIRRORED BITS channels (Channels A and B), while the SEL-321 supports one channel. The SEL-321 channel is compatible with either of the SEL-311C channels. Table 1 and Table 2 provide example setting values for Port 2 on the SEL-321 and SEL-311C, respectively. The port setup is identical for both POTT and DCB schemes.

Table 1

SEL-321 Port 2 Settings

Setting

Name

 

Value

 

Comment

PROTOCOL

Communications Protocol

MB a

Enables MIRRORED BITS

communications.

SPEED

Communications Baud Rate

9600

b

The SEL-321-3, -4 and the SEL-321-5 are limited to 9600.

RTS_CTS

Enable Hardware Handshaking

N

Not needed for relay-to-relay communication.

RBADPU

MIRRORED BITS Receive Bad Pickup

60

A

channel error must last 60 s before

RABD is asserted.

CBADPU

PPM MIRRORED BITS Channel Bad Pickup

1000

CBAD asserts if the ratio of channel downtime to total time exceeds this value.

TX_ID

MIRRORED BITS Transmit Identifier

1

Must match the receive identifier of the remote relay.

RX_ID

MIRRORED BITS Receive Identifier

2

Must match the transmit identifier of the remote relay.

RXDFLT

MIRRORED BITS Receive Default Status

XXXXXXXX c

The default state in place of received data

in

error condition.

RMBxPU d

MIRRORED BITS RMBx Pickup Debounce Messages

1

Number of received messages before RMBx picks up.

RMBxDO d

MIRRORED BITS RMBx Dropout Debounce Messages

1

Number of received messages before RMBx drops out.

a MB uses a 7-data bit format for data encoding. The other option is MB8, which uses an 8-data bit format. For direct fiber applications, MB works adequately; however, select the MB8 protocol setting if additional communications interface equipment is used on the channel. See [3] for further information. Only in the SEL-321-0, -1, if PROTOCOL = MBG, then you can set RMBx from Group settings instead of Global settings.

b The SEL-321, at a baud rate of 9600, sends and receives MIRRORED BITS two times per power system cycle.

c To maintain security during loss of communications, in a POTT scheme you can set the default state of the permissive receive bit (RMB1) to 0, thus RXDFLT = XXXXXXX0; in a DCB scheme you can set the default state of the block bit (RMB1) to 1, thus RXDFLT = XXXXXXX1.

d x = 1 to 8.

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Table 2

SEL-311C Port 2 Settings

Setting

Name

Value

 

Comment

EPORT

Enable Port

Y

The port must be enabled to set up communication.

PROTO

Communications Protocol

MBA a

Enable MIRRORED BITS communications on Channel A.

SPEED

Communications Baud Rate

9600

The SEL-311C-0 and SEL-311C-1 are limited

to

38400 and 57600, respectively. b

RTSCTS

Enable Hardware

N

Not needed for relay-to-relay communication.

Handshaking

TXID

MIRRORED BITS transmit identifier

2

Must match the receive identifier of the remote relay.

RXID

MIRRORED BITS receive

1

Must match the transmit identifier of the remote relay.

identifier

RBADPU

MIRRORED BITS Rx Bad

60 (Default)

A

channel error must last 60 s before RABD is

Pickup Time

asserted.

CBADPU

PPM MIRRORED BITS

1000 (Default)

CBAD asserts if the ratio of channel downtime

Channel Bad Pickup

to

total time exceeds this value.

RXDFLT

MIRRORED BITS Receive

XXXXXXXX c

The default state in place of received data in error condition.

Default Status

RMBxPU d,e

MIRRORED BITS RMB Pickup Debounce Messages

1

Number of received messages before RMBx picks up.

RMBxDO d,e

MIRRORED BITS RMB

1

Number of received messages before RMBx drops out.

Dropout Debounce Messages

a MBA and MBB use a 7-data bit format for data encoding. The other options are MB8A, MB8B, MBGA, and MBGB, which use an 8-data bit format. For direct fiber applications, MBA and MBB work adequately; however, select the MB8A, MB8B, MBGA, or MBGB protocol if additional communications interface equipment is used on the channel. See [3] for further information. If PROTO = MBGA or MBGB, the RXID and TXID settings will move from the Port settings to the Group settings.

b Ensure the baud rate of the SEL-311C matches the baud rate of the SEL-321.

c To maintain security during loss of communications, in a POTT scheme you can set the default state of the permissive receive bit (RMB1A) to 0, thus RXDFLT = XXXXXXX0; in a DCB scheme you can set the default state of the block bit (RMB1A) to 1, thus RXDFLT = XXXXXXX1.

d The SEL-311C, at a baud rate of 9600, sends and receives MIRRORED BITS four times per power system cycle.

e x = 1 to 8.

When you have set up the ports on both relays and connected the communications cable, verify the status of the channel. Do this by targeting the ROK Relay Word bit in the SEL-321 (TAR 20 com- mand) and the ROKA Relay Word bit in the SEL-311C (TAR ROKA command). These bits, when asserted, indicate that the MIRRORED BITS communications channel is operational and ready to transmit and receive data. Figure 2 and Figure 3 display the expected responses to the commands.

=>>TAR 20

RBAD

CBAD

LBOK

ROK

*

*

*

TOP

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

Figure 2

Status of the ROK Bit in the SEL-321

=>>TAR ROKA

LBOKB

CBADB

RBADB

ROKB

LBOKA

CBADA

RBADA

ROKA

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Figure 3

Status of the ROKA Bit in the SEL-311C

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RELAY ELEMENTS

Pilot schemes use forward-looking overreaching elements and reverse-looking elements. To set this up, you can use distance elements, directional overcurrent elements, or both. Table 3 lists the most commonly used relay elements for pilot schemes.

Table 3

Common Pilot Scheme Relay Elements

Relay Element

Description

M2P

Zone 2 phase mho forward distance element

Z2G

Zone 2 ground mho distance element

67G2

Level 2 residual ground overcurrent forward element

67Q2

Level 2 negative-sequence forward overcurrent element

M3P

Zone 3 mho phase reverse distance element

Z3G

Zone 3 ground mho distance element

67G3

Level 3 residual ground reverse overcurrent element

67Q3

Level 3 negative-sequence reverse overcurrent element

POTT OVERVIEW

A POTT scheme is a communications scheme in which an asserted overreaching element at the

local terminal must receive permission to trip from the remote terminal. When a forward-looking overreaching zone (Zone 2) asserts, it can only provide accelerated tripping if it receives permission from the remote end. Zone 2 sends the permissive signal to the remote terminal, and a reverse-looking zone (Zone 3) blocks sending the permission.

For example, as Figure 4 shows, if a fault occurs at point F1, the overreaching Zone 2 element at Relay 1 asserts, while the reverse-looking Zone 3 element remains deasserted. This causes the output AND 1 (shown in Figure 5) to assert, sending a permissive trip signal (Key) to Relay 2 and

causing the top input into AND 2 to be true. At the same time, Zone 2 at Relay 2 also asserts, while the Zone 3 element remains deasserted. This causes the output of AND 4 to assert, sending a Key

to Relay 1 and causing the top input to AND 3 to be true. When each relay receives a Key from the

remote end, both outputs (AND 2 and AND 3) assert, which causes the relays to trip with no intentional delay.

As another example, consider a fault at F2 (shown in Figure 4). In this scenario, the Zone 2 at Relay 1 asserts and Zone 3 deasserts. Again, AND 1 asserts, which causes a Key to transmit and the top input to AND 2 to assert. At this point, Relay 1 must receive a Key from Relay 2 to trip. At Relay 2, the Zone 2 element remains deasserted, while the Zone 3 element asserts. As a result, AND 4 is not true and a Key is not sent to Relay 1, which does not allow a high-speed trip. At Relay 2, even though the bottom input of AND 3 has received a Key, the top input into AND 3 remains deasserted and does not allow a high-speed trip.

NOTE: The preceding section provides an overview of POTT schemes. For more in-depth information, refer to [1].

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F1 F2 RELAY 1 RELAY 2 OPTICAL FIBER TX RX RX TX ZONE 3 ZONE
F1
F2
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
OPTICAL FIBER
TX
RX
RX
TX
ZONE 3
ZONE 2
ZONE 2
ZONE 3

Figure 4

MIRRORED BITS Communications via a Direct Fiber-Optic Connection

ZONE 2

ZONE 3

KEY KEY XMTR XMTR AND 1 AND 4 AND 2 TRIP TRIP AND 3 KEY
KEY
KEY
XMTR
XMTR
AND 1
AND 4
AND 2
TRIP
TRIP
AND 3
KEY
KEY
RCVR
RCVR
RELAY 1
RELAY 2

Figure 5

Simplified POTT Logic

POTT SETUP

ZONE 2

ZONE 3

In order to set up a POTT scheme in the SEL-321 and SEL-311C, you must enable the logic in both relays. The settings in both the relays are mostly similar, with some differences. Table 4 and Table 5 provide a summary of how to set up the POTT logic in the SEL-321 and SEL-311C, respectively.

Table 4

SEL-321 POTT Settings

Setting

Name

 

Value

Description

EPOTT

Enable Permissive Overreaching Transfer Trip

Y

Enables the POTT logic.

Z3RBD

Zone 3 Reverse Block Delay

5

(Default)

Prevents a POTT scheme misoperation during current reversal.

EBLKD

Echo Block Time Delay

10 (Default)

Prevents echoing of a received permissive trip for a settable delay after dropout of local permissive elements.

ETDPU

Echo Time Delay Pickup

2

(Default)

Sets the minimum time requirement for received permissive trip before echo begins.

EDURD

Echo Duration Time Delay

4

(Default)

Limits echo duration to prevent channel lockup.

EWFC

Weak-Infeed Enable

N (Default)

Allows echo keying in the event of a weak terminal or an open breaker (requires EVOLT = Y).

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Table 5

SEL-311C POTT Settings

Setting

Name

 

Value

Description

ECOMM

Communications-Assisted Trip Scheme

POTT

Enables the POTT logic.

Z3RBD

Zone 3 Reverse Block Delay

5

(Default)

Prevents a POTT scheme misoperation during current reversal.

EBLKD

Echo Block Time Delay

10 (Default)

Prevents echoing of a received permissive trip for a settable delay after dropout of local permissive elements.

ETDPU

Echo Time Delay Pickup

2

(Default)

Sets the minimum time requirement for received permissive trip before echo begins.

EDURD

Echo Duration Time Delay

4

(Default)

Limits echo duration to prevent channel lockup.

EWFC

Weak-Infeed Enable

N (Default)

Allows echo keying in the event of a weak terminal or an open breaker.

POTT LOGIC

When you have enabled each relay for a POTT scheme, you must program the elements that qualify a communications-assisted trip. To program the logic, consider the following:

In the SEL-321, the equation for the communications-assisted trip conditions is MTCS; in the SEL-311C the equation is TRCOMM. SEL recommends setting both of these equations by using the same elements so that each terminal responds similarly to fault conditions.

Each relay must be able to transmit a permissive trip signal. In the SEL-321, send the permissive trip signal via TMB1; in the SEL-321, send it via TMB1A. Set each of these elements to KEY.

The relays must be programmed to map the KEY from the remote end into the POTT logic. Do this by mapping the permissive trip to the received Mirrored Bit. In the SEL-321, program RMB1 to PT; in the SEL-311C, program PT1 to RMB1A.

A tripping output must be assigned to trip each relay's respective circuit breaker. In the SEL-321, set OUT1 to 3PT; in the SEL-311C, set OUT101 to TRIP.

You should wire a breaker contact status to each relay. In the SEL-321, wire a 52A contact to IN1; in the SEL-311C, wire a 52A to IN101. This improves the three-pole open logic.

Table 6

SEL-321 POTT Logic Settings

Setting

Name

Value

Comment

MTCS

Mask for Trip Communications Scheme Variable

M2P + Z2G (Default)

The elements that allow high-speed, communications-assisted tripping.

TMB1

Transmit Mirrored Bit 1

KEY

Send a permissive trip to the remote end.

RMB1 a

Receive Mirrored Bit 1

PT

Receive a permissive trip from the remote end.

OUT1

Output Contact Logic OUT1

3PT

Trip output to the circuit breaker.

IN1

Input Contact 1 Assignment

52A1

Assign to the circuit breaker 52A status.

a Because PROTOCOL = MB, set RMB1 in the Global settings.

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Table 7

SEL-311C POTT Logic Settings

Setting

Name

Value

Comment

TRCOMM

Communications-Assisted Trip Conditions

M2P + Z2G (Default)

The elements that allow high-speed, communications-assisted tripping.

TMB1A

Transmit Channel A Mirrored Bit 1

KEY

Send a permissive trip to the remote end.

PT1

Permissive Trip 1 Equation

RMB1A

Receive a permissive trip from the remote end.

OUT101

Output Contact 101 Equation

TRIP

Trip output to the circuit breaker.

52A

Circuit Breaker Status Equation

IN101

Assign to the circuit breaker 52A status.

TRCOMM

ZONE 3

3PO

KEY KEY (TMB1A) (TMB1) TRIP 3PT PT1 PT (RMB1A) (RMB1)
KEY
KEY
(TMB1A)
(TMB1)
TRIP
3PT
PT1
PT
(RMB1A)
(RMB1)

SEL-311C

SEL-321

(TMB1) TRIP 3PT PT1 PT (RMB1A) (RMB1) SEL-311C SEL-321 MTCS ZONE 3 3PO Figure 6 Simplified
(TMB1) TRIP 3PT PT1 PT (RMB1A) (RMB1) SEL-311C SEL-321 MTCS ZONE 3 3PO Figure 6 Simplified

MTCS

ZONE 3

3PO

Figure 6

Simplified POTT Logic Between the SEL-321 and SEL-311C

 
 

(+)

 

(+)

 

(+)

 

(+)

 

SEL-311C

     

SEL-321

     

(Partial)

A01(Partial) A17 (Partial) 218 201

(Partial) A01 A17 (Partial) 218 201

A17

(Partial)

(Partial) A01 A17 (Partial) 218 201

218

(Partial) A01 A17 (Partial) 218 201

201

 

OUT101

IN101
IN101
   

OUT1

IN1
IN1
   

A02A18   217 202

A02 A18   217 202

A18

 
A02 A18   217 202

217

A02 A18   217 202

202

Circuit

   

Circuit

   

Breaker

(Partial)

52A

52TC (–)
52TC
(–)

52A

Breaker

(Partial)

52A

52TC (–)
52TC
(–)

52A

Figure 7

Simplified Relay Wiring

 

DCB OVERVIEW

A DCB scheme is a communications scheme in which an asserted overreaching element at the local terminal must receive a blocking signal from the remote terminal to not trip. When a forward- overreaching zone (Zone 2) at the local terminal asserts, it trips at high speed, unless it receives a blocking signal from the remote end. A reverse-looking zone (Zone 3) at the remote terminal sends the blocking signal.

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As Figure 4 shows, if a fault occurs at point F1, the overreaching Zone 2 element at Relay 1 asserts, and Zone 3 remains deasserted. Because Zone 3 is deasserted, Relay 1 does not send a block signal to Relay 2. The assertion of Zone 2 starts TIMER 1 (see Figure 8). If Zone 2 is asserted for longer than the programed timer delay (CTD) in TIMER 1, then the top input into AND 1 becomes true. If the top input in AND 1 is true and Relay 1 has not received a block from the remote end, then Relay 1 will issue a trip. At Relay 2, Zone 2 asserts and Zone 3 remains deasserted. Because Zone 3 remains deasserted, Relay 2 does not send a block signal to Relay 1, and Zone 2 starts TIMER 2. If Zone 2 is asserted for longer than the programed timer delay (CTD) in TIMER 2, the top input into AND 2 becomes true. If the top input in AND 2 is true and Relay 2 has not received a block from the remote end, then Relay 2 issues a trip. In this scenario, both relays identify the fault in their respective Zone 2 and do not receive a block signal from the remote end, which allows both relays to trip their respective breakers and clear the line at high speed.

As another example, consider a fault at point F2 (see Figure 4). In this scenario, Zone 2 at Relay 1 asserts, and Zone 3 remains deasserted. Again, Relay 1 does not send a block signal to Relay 2, and Zone 2 starts TIMER 1. At Relay 2, Zone 2 deasserts; Zone 3 asserts, and assertion of Zone 3 sends a block to Relay 1. This causes the AND 1 to not allow a high-speed trip. At Relay 2, even though Relay 1 does not send a block signal, Zone 2 remaining deasserted causes AND 2 to not allow a high-speed trip.

NOTE: The preceding section provides an overview of DCB schemes. For more in-depth information, refer
NOTE: The preceding section provides an overview of DCB schemes. For more in-depth information, refer to [2].
ZONE 3
ZONE 3
BLOCK XMTR
BLOCK XMTR
TIMER 1
TIMER 2
CTD
CTD
ZONE 2
ZONE 2
AND 1
TRIP
TRIP
AND 2
BLOCK
BLOCK
RCVR
RCVR
RELAY 1
RELAY 2

Figure 8

DCB SETUP

Simplified DCB Logic

To set up a DCB scheme in the SEL-321 and SEL-311C, you must enable the logic in both relays. The settings in both the relays are mostly similar, with some differences. Table 8 and Table 9 provide a summary of how to set up the DCB logic in the SEL-321 and SEL-311C, respectively. Note that these settings only apply to directional starting; this application guide does not discuss or include nondirectional starting.

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Table 8

SEL-321 DCB Settings

Setting

Name

 

Value

Description

EDCB

Enable Directional Comparison Blocking

Y

Enables the DCB logic.

Z3XD

Zone 3 Pickup Extension Time Delay

5

(Default)

Prevents a DCB scheme misoperation during current reversal.

BTXD

Block Trip Receive Extension Delay

1

(Default)

Sets the reset time of a block trip received condition after the reset of block trip input.

Z2PSD

Zone 2 Phase Coordination Time Delay

See following

Delays M2P element output.

note

Z2GSD

Zone 2 Ground Coordination Time Delay

See following

Delays Z2G element output.

note

67N2SD

67N Coordination Time Delay

See following

Delays 67N2 element output.

note

67Q2SD

67Q Coordination Time Delay

See following

Delays 67Q2 element output.

note

Table 9

SEL-311C DCB Settings

Setting

Name

 

Value

Description

ECOMM

Communications-Assisted Trip Scheme

DCB

Enables the DCB logic.

Z3XPU

Zone 3 Reverse Pickup Time Delay

1

(Default)

Current reversal guard pickup timer.

Z3XD

Zone 3 Pickup Extension Time Delay

5

(Default)

Prevents a DCB scheme misoperation during current reversal.

BTXD

Block Trip Receive Extension Delay

1

Sets the reset time of a block trip received condition after the reset of block trip input.

21SD

Zone 2 Phase and Ground Coordination Time Delay

See following

Delays M2P and Z2G element outputs.

note

67SD

67G and 67Q Coordination Time Delay

See following

Delays 67G2 and 67Q2 element outputs.

note

NOTE: When determining the coordination time delay (CTD), you must evaluate the operating time of the tripping elements. You must consider both the SIR and distance from the relay. For both the SEL-321 and SEL-311C you can find this information in their respective instruction manuals. You must delay the CTD at the faster relay to coordinate with the slower relay's blocking elements. You should add all of this to the communications channel delay, plus some additional margin. The CTD must be greater than the communications channel delay.

There is an inherent two-cycle delay in the SEL-321 from the time Zone 3 picks up and the blocking (START) bit asserts. However, there is no time delay in the SEL-311C; it sends the block instantaneously when Zone 3 picks up. To ensure proper coordination between these relays, the SEL-321 should send an instantaneous block when Zone 3 picks up or when the START bit asserts. In this situation, the Zone 2 coordination time delays can be set the same on both the relays. Z3XPU is present only in the SEL-311C and behaves as a guard against current reversal. All other time delays are dropout times, so SEL recommends setting these to a similar value in both the relays.

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DCB LOGIC

When you have enabled each relay for a DCB scheme, you must program the elements that qualify a communications-assisted trip. To program the logic, consider the following:

In the SEL-321, the equation for the communications-assisted trip conditions is MTCS; in the SEL-311C, it is TRCOMM. SEL recommends setting both equations by using the same elements so each terminal responds similarly to fault conditions.

Note the polarization choices for the directional element in the SEL-321.The SEL-321-0, -1, SEL-321-2, and SEL-321-3, -4 only have negative-sequence voltage polarization; the SEL-321-5 has both negative- and zero-sequence voltage polarization; the SEL-311C allows you to choose a combination of negative-sequence voltage, zero- sequence voltage, or zero-sequence current polarization. To prevent miscoordination, set the SEL-311C to use negative- and zero-sequence voltage polarization when used with an SEL-321-5 (ORDER = QV). When used with any other SEL-321, set the SEL-311C to use only the negative-sequence voltage polarization (ORDER = Q).

Each relay must be able to transmit a block signal. In the SEL-321, send the block signal via TMB1; in the SEL-311C, send it via TMB1A.

The relays must be programmed to map the BLOCK from the remote end into the DCB logic. Do this by mapping the BLOCK to the received Mirrored Bit. In the SEL-321, program RMB1 to BT; in the SEL-311C, program BT to RMB1A.

A tripping output must be assigned to trip each relay’s respective circuit breaker. In the SEL-321, set OUT1 to 3PT; in the SEL-311C, set OUT101 to TRIP.

You should wire a breaker contact status to each relay. In the SEL-321, wire a 52A contact to IN1; in the SEL-311C, wire a 52A to IN101. This improves the three-pole open logic.

Table 10

SEL-321 DCB Logic Settings

Setting

Name

Value

Comment

MTCS

Mask for Communications- Assisted Tripping

M2P + Z2G (Default)

Elements that allow high-speed, communications-assisted tripping.

TMB1

Transmit Mirrored Bit 1

START + M3P + Z3G

Send a block signal to the remote end.

RMB1 a

Receive Mirrored Bit 1

BT

Receive a block signal from the remote end.

OUT1

Output Contact Logic OUT1

3PT

Trip output to the circuit breaker.

IN1

Input Contact 1 Assignment

52A1

Assign to the circuit breaker 52A status.

a Because PROTOCOL = MB, set RMB1 in the Global settings.

Table 11

SEL-311C DCB Logic Settings

Setting

Name

Value

Comment

TRCOMM

Communications-Assisted Trip Conditions

Z2PGS a

Elements that allow high-speed, communications-assisted tripping.

TMB1A

Transmit Channel A Mirrored Bit 1

DSTRT

Send a block signal to the remote end.

BT

Block Trip Equation

RMB1A

Receive a block signal from the remote end.

OUT101

Output Contact 101 Equation

TRIP

Trip output to the circuit breaker.

52A

Circuit Breaker Status Equation

IN101

Assign to the circuit breaker 52A status.

ORDER

Ground Directional Priority

See note b

Set to match the SEL-321.

a In the DCB logic, use Z2PGS instead of M2P + Z2G to provide the individual carrier coordination timers for the Level 2 directional elements.

b ORDER = QV when used with the SEL-321-5. ORDER = Q when used with any other SEL-321.

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TRIP 3PT
TRIP
3PT
TRCOMM BT (RMB1A)
TRCOMM
BT (RMB1A)

ZONE 3

11 TRIP 3PT TRCOMM BT (RMB1A) ZONE 3 MTCS BT (RMB1) ZONE 3 DSTRT (TMB1A) SEL-311C
11 TRIP 3PT TRCOMM BT (RMB1A) ZONE 3 MTCS BT (RMB1) ZONE 3 DSTRT (TMB1A) SEL-311C
MTCS BT (RMB1)
MTCS
BT (RMB1)
11 TRIP 3PT TRCOMM BT (RMB1A) ZONE 3 MTCS BT (RMB1) ZONE 3 DSTRT (TMB1A) SEL-311C
11 TRIP 3PT TRCOMM BT (RMB1A) ZONE 3 MTCS BT (RMB1) ZONE 3 DSTRT (TMB1A) SEL-311C

ZONE 3

DSTRT (TMB1A)
DSTRT (TMB1A)

DSTRT (TMB1A)

SEL-311C

START (TMB1)

START (TMB1)

START (TMB1)

SEL-321

Figure 9

Simplified DCB Logic Between the SEL-321 and SEL-311C

 
 

(+)

 

(+)

 

(+)

 

(+)

 

SEL-311C

     

SEL-321

     

(Partial)

A01(Partial) A17 (Partial) 218 201

(Partial) A01 A17 (Partial) 218 201

A17

(Partial)

(Partial) A01 A17 (Partial) 218 201

218

(Partial) A01 A17 (Partial) 218 201

201

 

OUT101

IN101
IN101
   

OUT1

IN1
IN1
   

A02A18   217 202

A02 A18   217 202

A18

 
A02 A18   217 202

217

A02 A18   217 202

202

Circuit

   

Circuit

   

Breaker

(Partial)

52A

52TC (–)
52TC
(–)

52A

Breaker

(Partial)

52A

52TC (–)
52TC
(–)

52A

Figure 10

Simplified Relay Wiring

 

CONCLUSION

This application guide discusses the settings and configuration requirements to connect two dissimilar relays, in this case, the SEL-321 and SEL-311 Series Relays, for implementing POTT and DCB schemes. SEL does not recommend connecting dissimilar relays for pilot protection, but if there is a need to do so, be aware of the capabilities of both relays. Some important factors to consider are the following:

If possible, match the directional and protective element sensitivities at both line ends. Use the same protective elements at each line end whenever possible, and set reverse- reaching elements at a greater sensitivity than remote overreaching elements.

Verify that the directional elements and pickup settings at each line terminal have sufficient operating quantities to detect both internal and external faults.

Date Code 20170803

SEL Application Guide 2017-22

12

REFERENCES

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SEL Application Guide 2017-22

by U.S. and Foreign patents. SEL Application Guide 2017-22 2350 NE Hopkins Court • Pullman, WA

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Date Code 20170803