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Current sensor-less control of a novel axial flux-switching permanent-magnet

motor

This paper proposes a novel current sensorless drive system with only position sensor for permanent magnet
synchronous motor drive in order to reduce costs and avoid problems caused by faults of the current sensor.
Generally,a pmsm drive controller needs at least two phase-current sensors, in this paper, the current
sensors is omitted by replacing estimated stator current with extended kalman filter. A simulation study is
performed in order to compare performances with and without current sensor, it shows that the control has
almost the same performance and ability as the conventional control.

Purpose- This paper suggests a novel current sensor-less drive system with only position sensor
for a novel axial flux-switching permanent-magnet motor drive to reduce the costs and avoid
problems caused by faults of the current sensors.
Design/methodology/approach- Commonly,a conventional controller needs at least two
current sensors, in this paper, the current sensors are removed by replacing estimated stator
current with extended Kalman filter.
Findings–A prototype of the novel motor is fabricated and tested. It is found that the experimental
results confirm the proposed method and shows that the control has almost the same performance and
ability as the conventional control.

Originality/value – axial flux-switching permanent-magnet motor is one of the most efficient


motors but the 12S/19P AFFSSPM motor with sandwiched permanent magnet and unity
displacement winding factor has not been specially reported to date. Thus, in this paper, we report
on optimal design of a novel axial flux-switching sandwiched permanent magnet machine for
electric vehicles and fabricate a prototype of the 12S/19P AFFSSPM motor.
Key words: Flux-switching, Axial field, Sandwiched permanent magnet, 3-D FEM, Response
surface methodology.

Due to its advantages of small size, simple structure, high operation efficiency, high power
density and small torque ripple, flux-switching permanent-magnet motor motors are increasingly
used in AC servo fields with high precision control such as defense industry and CNC machine
tools Widely [2-4].