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# ‫ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪﯼ ﺩﻭﻡ ﭘﺎﻧﺰﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﺎﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﯽ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬

## ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﯼ‪ :‬ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ ‪۱۳۷۶‬‬

‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﺎﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﯽ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﻠﺪ ‪۲‬‬
‫ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﺩﮐﺘﺮ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺍﷲ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﮐﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻼﺣﯽ ﮐﺎﺭﺍﯼ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭﻳﻔﺮ‬

‫‪ .۱‬ﺍﮔﺮ ‪ x‬ﻭ ‪ y‬ﺩﻭ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﯽ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﯼ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ ،3x2 + x = 4y 2 + y :‬ﺁﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﮐﻪ‬
‫‪ x − y‬ﻳﮏ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .۲‬ﻓﺮﺽ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ‪ KL‬ﻭ ‪ KN‬ﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩﯼ ‪ C‬ﻣﻤﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ M .‬ﻧﻘﻄﻪﺍﯼ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩ ‪ KN‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ‪ P‬ﻧﻘﻄﻪﯼ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬
‫ﺗﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩﯼ ‪ C‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩﯼ ﻣﺤﻴﻄﯽ ﻣﺜﻠﺚ ‪ KLM‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪ Q .‬ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﯼ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ‪ N‬ﺑﺮ ‪ M L‬ﻣﯽﮔﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪.∠M P Q = 2∠KM L :‬‬

‫‪M‬‬

‫‪P‬‬

‫‪N‬‬ ‫‪Q‬‬
‫‪C‬‬

‫‪K‬‬ ‫‪L‬‬

‫‪ .۳‬ﻳﮏ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ‪ n × n‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺪﺍﺩ ‪ +1 ،۰‬ﻭ ‪ −1‬ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﯼ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺳﻄﺮ ﻭ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﮏ ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ +۱‬ﻭ ﻳﮏ‬
‫ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ -۱‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﯼ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻫﯽ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﯽ ﺳﻄﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻳﮑﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﺳﺘﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻳﮑﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﯽﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺟﺎﯼ ‪ +۱‬ﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ‪ -۱‬ﻫﺎ ﻋﻮﺽ ﮐﺮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .۴‬ﻓﺮﺽ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ‪ x3 ،x2 ،x1‬ﻭ ‪ ،x4‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﯽ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﮐﻪ ‪ .x1 x2 x3 x4 = 1‬ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪:‬‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫‪{ 4‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬
‫}‬
‫∑‬ ‫∑‬ ‫∑‬ ‫‪1‬‬
‫‪x3i ≥ max‬‬ ‫‪xi ,‬‬
‫‪i=1‬‬ ‫‪i=1‬‬
‫‪x‬‬
‫‪i=1 i‬‬

## ‫)}‪ max{a, b‬ﻳﻌﻨﯽ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﯼ }‪.({a, b‬‬

‫‪ .۵‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺜﻠﺚ ‪ ABC‬ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪﻫﺎﯼ ‪ B‬ﻭ ‪ C‬ﺣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺃﺱ ‪ A‬ﺿﻠﻊ ‪ BC‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﻄﻪﯼ ‪ D‬ﻗﻄﻊ‬
‫ﻣﯽﮐﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﺽ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ ﻧﻴﻤﺴﺎﺯﻫﺎﯼ ﺩﻭ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪﯼ ‪ B‬ﻭ ‪ C‬ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ‪ AD‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ‪ E‬ﻭ ‪ F‬ﻗﻄﻊ‬
‫ﮐﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ‪ ،BE = CF‬ﺁﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺜﻠﺚ ‪ ABC‬ﻣﺘﺴﺎﻭﯼ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻗﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫‪۱‬‬
‫ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪﯼ ﺩﻭﻡ ﭘﺎﻧﺰﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﭙﻴﺎﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﯽ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬
‫√‬
‫‪b‬‬ ‫‪2a − b‬‬
‫= ‪ p‬ﻳﮏ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ‪ p‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺫﮐﺮ‬ ‫‪ .۶‬ﺍﮔﺮ ‪ a‬ﻭ ‪ b‬ﺩﻭ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﯽ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ‬
‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪2a + b‬‬
‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬