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QUESTbrain special

1. In the figure shown the plates of a parallel plate capacitor have unequal charges. Its capacitance is ‘C’ P is a point

outside the capacitor and close to the plate of charge –Q. The distance between the plates is ‘d’ select incorrect

alternative

(A)

(B)

2Q
–Q

P

A point charge at point ‘P’ will experience electric force due to capacitor

The potencial difference between the plates will be 3Q/2C

(C) The energy stored in the electric field in the region between the plates is

9Q

2

8C

(D) The force on one plate due to the other plate is

Q

2

2

π∈

0

d

2

2. Three capacitors A,B and C each of capacitance 1µF are connected as shown. The charge on capacitor C is –

(A) 4 µC

A

(B) 6 µC

6V
B
C
18 V
(C) 8 µC

(D) 2 µC

3. Separation between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor is 5 mm. This capacitor, having air as the dielectric medium

between the plates, is charged to a potential difference 25 V using a battery. The battery is then disconnected and a

dielectric slab of thickness 3 mm and dielectric constant K = 10 is placed between the plates, as shown.

Potential difference between the plates after the dielectric slab has been introduced is -

3mm
5mm

(A) 18.5 V

(B) 13.5 V

(C) 11.5 V

(D) 6.5 V

4. Current versus time and voltage versus time graphs of a circuit element are shown in figure.

I(A)
V(Volt)
1.0
4.0
amp
Volt
t(s)
4.0
4.0
sec
sec

t(s)

The type of the circuit element is :

(A) capacitance of 2 F

(C) capacitance of 1 F

(B) resistance of 2

(D) a voltage source of e.m.f 1 V

1

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QUESTbrain special

5. A circuit element is placed in a closed box. At time t = 0, a constant current generator supplying a current of I amp is

connected across the box. Potential difference across the box varies according to graph shown in the figure. The element

in the box is :

V (volts)
8
2

3

t/s

(A) a resistance of 2 ohm (B) a battery of e.m.f 6 V (C) an inductance of 2 H (D) a capacitance of 0.5 F

6. A,B,C,D,E,F are conducting plates each of area A and any two consecutive plates separated by a distance d. The net

energy stored in the system after the switch S is closed is :

(A)

3

ε

0 A

2d

V 2

(B)

A
B
C
D
E
F
5
ε
0 A
ε
A
2
0
2
V
(C)
V
12d
2d

(D)

0

A

V

2

ε

d

7. Three identical metal plates of area 'A' are at distance d

2 from each other. Metal plate A is uncharged, while plate B

& C have respective charges +q & – q. If metal plates A &C are connected by switch K through a consumer of unknown

resistance, what energy does the consumer give out to its surrounding ?

Assume d 1 = d 2 = d

1 & d

(A)

q

2

d

4

ε

0 A

(B)

q

2

d

ε 0

A

A
+q
B
C
–q
K
2
q
d
(C)
2
ε
A
0

(D)

2q

2 d

ε

0 A

8. Initially K 1 is closed, now if K

(A)

1

2

CV

2

2 is also closed, find the heat dissipated in the resistances of connecting wires

C
C C
C
K 2
V
K
1
(B)
2 CV 2
(C)
3

1

3

CV 2

(D)

1

4

CV

2

9. Capacity of an isolated sphere is increased n times when it is enclosed by an earthed concentric sphere. The ratio of their

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QUESTbrain special

 (A) n 2 (B) n (C) 2n (D) 2n + 1 n − 1 n − 1 n + 1 n + 1

10. A capacitor is composed of three parallel conducting plates. All three plates are of same area A. The first pair of plates are kept

a distance d 1 apart and the space between them is filled with a medium of a dielectric ε 1 . The corresponding data for the second

pair are d 2 & ε 2 respectively. What is the surface charge density on the middle plate ?

d 1
d 2
ε 1
ε 2
V 0

11. A thin conducting plate is inserted in half way between the plates of a parallel plates capacitor of capacitance C.

+

⎡ ε

d

ε

1

2

1

d

2

+

⎡ ε

d

ε

1

+

2

1

d

2

⎡ ε

d

ε

1

+

2

1

d

2

⎡ ε

d

(A) ε

0

V

(B)

− ε

0

V

(C)

2

ε

0

V

(D)

2

ε

0

V

1

ε

2

1

d

2

Conducting plate

What does the value of capacitance, if both the plate of capacitor is shortened ?

(A) C

(B) 2C

(C) 3C

(D) 4C

12. Following figure represents a parallel plate capacitor with a grid halfway with the voltages shown. An electron starting

from plate P 1 will :

P

G

P

1

2

+100V

– 60V

0V

(A)

(C) reach P 2 with 40 eV kinetic energy

not be able to reach the plate P 2

(B) reach P 2 with 100eV kinetic energy (D) reach P 2 with 140 eV kinetic energy

13. The distance between the plates of a circular parallel plate condenser of diameter 40 mm, in order to make its capacity

equal to that of a metallic sphere of radius 1m, will be –

(A) 0.1 mm

(B) 10 mm

(C) 0.01 mm

(D) 1 mm

14. Five identical plates each of area A are joined as shown in the figure the distance between the plates is d. The plates are

connected to a potential difference of V volts. The charges on plates 1 and 4 will be –

(A)

ε

0

AV

2

ε

0

AV

d

,

d

(B)

 – V 1 2 3 4 5 + −ε 0 AV 2 ε 0 AV ε 0 AV − 2 ε 0 AV d , d (C) d , d

(D)

−ε

0

AV

2

ε

0

AV

d

,

d

3

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QUESTbrain special

15. Four equal capacitors , each with a capacitance (C) lare connected to a battery of E.M.F 10 volts as shown in the adjoining

figure. The mid point of the capacitor system is connected to earth. Then the potentials of B and D are respectively –

(A) + 10 volts, zero volts

A
C
B
D
Earth

(B) + 5 volts, – 5 volts

(C) – 5 volts, + 5volts

(D) zero volts, 10 volts

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QUESTbrain special

1. What is the capacitance of the capacitor of square plates of area A, Shown in figure –

(A)

0

4d

A

K K

1

2

K

1

+

K

2

(B)

K
d
3
K
d
1
B
A K
(K
+
K
)
A K
(K
+
3K
)
0
1
1
2
0
1
1
2
(C)
d
3K
+
K
4d
K
+
K
1
2
1
2

0

A

(D) 4d(K

1

+

3K

2

)

2. A dielectric slab of area A and thickness d is inserted between the plates of a capacitor of area 2A and distance between

plates d with a constant speed v as shown in the fig. The capacitor is connected to a battery of emf E. The current in the

circuit varies with time as

(A)

I

t

(B)

v

I

t

(C)

E
I

t

(D)

I

t

3. Find the capacitance of a system of three parallel plates each of area A separated by distance d 1 and d 2 . The space

and ε . The dielectric constant of free space is ε 0

between them is filled with dielectrics of relative dielectric constants ε

1

2

(A)

(C)

ε ε

1

2

ε

0

A

ε

1

d

2

+ ε

ε ε

1

2

2

d

1

A

ε

0

(

ε

1

+ ε

2

)d d

1

2

(B)

(D)

ε ε

1

2

ε

0

A

ε

d

1 1

+ ε

2

d

2

A

ε

ε

1 2

ε

0

(

ε

1

d

1

+ ε

2

d

2

)

4. For making a parallel plate capacitor , two plates of copper, a sheet of mica (thickness = 0.1 mm, K = 5.4), a sheet of

glass (thickness = 0.2 mm, K = 7) and a slab of paraffin (thickness = 1.0 cm, K = 2) are available. To obtain the largest

capacitance, which sheet should you place between the copper plates ?

(A) Mica

(B) Glass

(C) Paraffin

(D) None of these

5. The capacity of a parallel plate condenser is C 0 . If a dielectric of relative permittivity ε r and thickness equal to one fourth

the plate separation is placed between the plates, then its capacity becomes C. Then value of

(A)

5

ε

r

4

ε

r

+

1

(B)

4

ε

r

3

ε

r +

1

(C)

3

ε

r

2

ε

r

+

1

C

C

0

(D)

will be-

2

ε

r

ε

r

+

1

5

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QUESTbrain special

6. Two metal plates form a parallel plate condenser. The distance between the plates is d. A metal plate of thickness d/2 and

of the same area is inserted completely between the plates. The ratio of capacitances in the two cases (later to initial) is -

(A) 2 : 1

(B) 1 : 2

(C) 1 : 1

(D) 1 : 4

7. A parallel plate capacitor is completely filled by an insulating material 3 mm thick and of relative permittivity 4. The

distance between the plates is increased to allow the insertion of a second sheet 5 mm thick and of relative permittivity

r . If the capacitance of the capacitor so formed is one-half of the original capacitance, then the value of

r -

 20 16 10 (A) 3 (B) 3 (C) 3 (D) None of these

8. A positive charge q is given to each plate of a parallel plate air capacitor having area of each plate A and separation

between them, d -

(A)

Since both the plates are identically charged, therefore, capacitance becomes equal to zero

(B)

Energy stored in the space between the capacitor plates is equal to

q

2

A

ε 0

A

(C)

No charge appears on inner surface of the plates

(D) Potential difference between the plates is equal to

2qd

ε

0 A

9. Two identical capacitors are joined in parallel, charged to a potential V, separated and then connected in series, i.e., the

positive plate of one is connected to the negative of the other-

 (A) The charge on the plates connected together are destroyed (B) The charge on free plates are enhanced (C) The energy stored in the system increases (D) The P.D. between the free plates is 2V

10. Two spherical conductors A 1 and A 2 of radii r

1 and r

2 are placed concentrically in air. The two are connected by a copper wire

as shown in fig. Then the equivalent capacitance of the system is-

(A)

4

π∈

0

k r .r r

1

1

2

r

2

(B) 4π∈ 0 (r

A
2
A
1
r 1
r 2
1 + r 2 )
(C) 4π∈ 0 r 2

(D) 4π∈ 0 r 1

11. Three concentric thin spherical shells are of radii a , b and c [a < b < c]. The first and third are connected by a fine wire

through a small hole in the second, and the second is connected to earth through a small hole in the third, the capacity of

the capacitor so formed is

(A)

(C)

4π∈ 0

4π∈

0

ab

c

2

+

b

a

c

b

b

a

c

b

+

ab

c

2

(B)

(D)

4π∈

0

4π∈ 0

ab

c

2

+

b

+

a

a

+

b

b

+

a

c

+

b

+

ab

c

2

6

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QUESTbrain special

12. A parallel plate capacitor has a dielectric slab in it. The slab just fills the space inside the capacitor. The capacitor is

charged by a battery and then battery is disconnected. Now the slab is started to pull out slowly at t = 0. If at time t,

capacitance of the capacitor is C, then which of the following graphs is correct ?

C
(A)
O
t
C
(B)
O
t
C
(C)
O
t

C

(D)

O
t

13. If the current, charging a capacitor, is kept constant then the potential difference V across the capacitor varies with time t

as –

V
(A)
O

(B)

V
O
V
(C)
O
V
(D)
O

14. A capacitor of capacitance 160 µF is charged to a potential difference of 200V and then connected across a discharge

tube which conducts until the potential deference across it has failed to 100 V. The energy dissipated in the tube is -

(A) 6.4 J

(B) 4.8 J

(C) 3.2 J

(D) 2.4 J

15. Two capacitors each having capacitance C and breakdown voltage V are joined in series. The capacitance and the

breakdown voltage of the combination will be –

(A) 2C and 2V

(B) C/2 and V/2

(C) 2C and V/2

(D) C/2 and 2V

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QUESTbrain special

1. Two metal plates having charges Q, – Q face each other at some separation and are dipped into an oil tank. If the oil is

pumped out, the electric field between the plates will -

(A) increase

(B) decrease

(C) remain the same

(D) become zero

2. A parallel plate capacitor has plates of unequal area. The larger plate is connected to the positive terminal of the battery

and the smaller plate to its negative terminal. Let Q + and Q be the charges appearing on the positive and negative plates

respectively -

(A) Q + > Q

(B) Q + = Q

(C) Q + < Q

(D)

The information is not sufficient to decide the relation between Q + and Q

3. A parallel plate capacitor without any dielectric has capacitance C 0 . A dielectric slab is made up to two dielectric slabs of

dielectric constants K and 2K and is of same dimensions as that of capacitor plates and both the parts are of equal

dimensions arranged serially as shown. If this dielectric slab is introduced (dielectric K enters first) in between the plates

at constant speed, then variation of capacitance with time will be best represented by-

C

(A) C

0
t

C

(B) C

A
A
A
V
K
2K
L
L
L
C
(C) C
0
0
t
t

C

(D) C

0
t

4. The metal plate on the left in the fig. carries a charge +q. The metal plate on the right has a charge of –2q. What charge

will flow through S when it is closed if the central plate is initially neutral ?

(A) zero

(B) – q

q

+
+
+
+
+
+

–2q

(C) + q

(D) + 2q

5. You have a parallel plate capacitor, a spherical capacitor and cylindrical capacitor. Each capacitor is charged by and then

removed from the same battery. Consider the following situations

(i) separation between the plates of parallel plate capacitor is reduced

 (ii) radius of the outer spherical shell of the spherical capacitor is increased (iii) radius of the outer cylinder of cylindrical capacitor is increased

Which of the following is correct ?

(A) In each of these situations (i), (ii) and (iii), charge on the given capacitor remains the same and potential difference

across it also remains the same

(B) In each of these situations (i), (ii) and (iii), charge on the given capacitor remains the same but potential difference, in

situations (i) and (iii), decreases, and in situation (ii), increases

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(C) In each of these situations (i), (ii) and (iii), charge on the given capacitor remains the same but potential difference, in

situations (i), decreases, and in situations (ii) and (iii), increases

(D) Charge on the capacitor in each situation changes. It increases in all these situations but potential difference remains

the same

6. A closed body, whose surface F is made of metal foil, has an electrical capacitance C with respect to an uniformly distant

point. The foil is now dented in such a way that the new surface F * is entirely inside or an the original surface as shown

in the figure. Then –

 (A) Capacitance of F * > capacitance of F (C) Capacitance of F * = capacitance of F
F
F *
(B) Capacitance of F

* < capacitance of F

(D) Nothing can be concluded from given

7. Two capacitor C 1 & C 2 , charged with q

1 & q

2 are connected in series with an uncharged capacitor C, as shown in figure.

As the switch S is closed-

(A)

(C) C gets charged only when q 1 C 2 < q 2 C 1

C gets charged in any condition

C
+
q
+
1
C
q
2
C
1
2

S

(B) C gets charged only when q 1 C 2 > q 2 C 1

(D) C gets charged when q 1 C 2 q 2 C 1

8. An electron with a kinetic energy of 100 eV enters the space between the plates of plane capacitor made of two dense

metal grids at an angle of 30° with the plates of capacitor and leaves this space at an angle of 45° with the plates. What is

the potential difference of the capacitor –

30°
45°
(A)
100 V
(B) 50 V
(C) 150 V
(D) 200 V
9. In the given fig. the work done by battery after the switch S is closed –
10 µF
4 V
10 µF
S
(A)
100 µJ
(B) – 100 µJ
(C) 80 µJ
(D) – 80 µJ

10. In the condenser show in the circuit is charged to 5V and left in the circuit, in 12 s the charge on the condenser will

become –

9

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QUESTbrain special

(A)

10 C

e

e

(B) 10

C

6

2F

(C)

10

e

2

(D)

e

2

10

C

11. Two capacitors are joined in series as shown in figure. The area of each plate is A. The equivalent of the combination is –

(A)

ε

0

A

d

1

d

2

(B)

ε

0

A

a

b

a

d

b

d

(C)

ε

0

A

1 a b

1

(D)

ε

0

A

1

1

d

1

d

2

12. The two spherical shells are at large separation one of them has radius 10 cm and has 1.25 µC charge. The other is of 20

cm radius and has 0.75 µC charge. If they are connected by a conducting wire of negligible capacity, the charge on the

shells are-

4
4
(A) 1 µC, 1µC
(B)
2 µC,
µC
(C)
µC,
3
3
3
13. The net capacitance between A and B is
C
C
A
C
C
C
B
C
C
2C
2C
(A)
6 C
(B)
(C)
5
3

2

3

µC

(D) 0.25 µC, 0.25 µC

(D) None of these

14. In the following circuit composed of identical capacitor, across which terminals would you connect a battery in order for

all capacitors to charge up –

A
B
D
C

(A) AB

(B) AC

(C) BD

(D) None of these

15. Five identical plates of equal area A are placed parallel to and at equal distance d from each other as shown in figure. The

effective capacity of the system between the terminals A and B is-

(A)

3

o

A

5

d

(B)

B
A
5
A
5
A
∈ o
∈ o
(C)
4
d
3
d

(D)

4

o

A

5

d

10

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QUESTbrain special

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

 A capacitor consists of two parallel metal plate of area A separated by a distance d. A dielectric slab of area A, thickness b and dielectric constant k is placed inside the capacitor. If C K is the capacitance of capacitor with dielectric, how much K and b be restricted so that C K = 2C, where C is capacitance without dielectric –

4b

d

(B) K = 2b 2b

(D) K = 2b 2b

d

(A)

K = 2b

2b

K = 2b

d

3

d

&

&

< b d

b 2d

d

2

d

&

&

< b d

b d

(C)

If area of each plate is A and the successive separations are d, 2d and 3d, then equivalent capacitances across A

and B is -

d

2

d

4

(A)

0

A

6d

(B)

d
A
2d
B
3d
A
3 ∈
A
∈ 0
0
(C)
4d
4d

(D)

0 A

3d

n conducting plates are placed face to face as shown. Distance between any two plates is d. Area of the plates is A,

A

A

A

2

,

4

2

(n

1)

A

A

2

A

4

d

d

The equivalent capacitance of system is -

A

(A)

0

A

2

n

d

(B)

0

(2

n

1)d

(C)

0

A

(2

n

2)d

0

A

(D) (2

n

1

1)d

Six plates of equal area A and plate separation as shown are arranged equivalent capacitance between A and B is -

(A)

0

A

d

(B)

1
d
2
2d
A
3
3d
4 B
2d
5
d
6
2
A
3
0
0 A
(C)
d
d

(D)

0 A

4d

In an adjoining figure are shown three capacitors C 1 , C 2 and C 3 joined to a battery. The correct condition will be

(Symbols have their usual meanings)

C 2 Q 2

V
2
V 1 C 1 Q 1
V 3 C 3 Q 3
+
V

11

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QUESTbrain special

 (A) Q 1 = Q 2 = Q 3 and V 1 = V 2 = V 3 = V (B) Q 1 = Q 2 + Q 3 and V = V 1 + V 2 + V 3 (C) Q 1 = Q 2 + Q 3 and V = V 1 + V 2 (D) Q 2 = Q 3 and V 2 = V 3

6. Four condensers are joined as shown in the adjoining figure. The capacity of each is 8 µF. The equivalent capacity

between the points A and B will be –

(A) 32 µF

A
(B) 2 µF
(C) 8 µF

B

(D) 16 µF

7. Assuming capacitance of each capacitors equals C, find the effective capacitance between A and B.

B
A
 (A) C (B) C (C) 5C (D) 3C 2 8 8

8. What physical quantities may X and Y represent?

Y

X

 (A) pressure v/s temperature of a given gas (constant volume) (B) kinetic energy v/s velocity of a particle (C) capacitance v/s charge at a constant potential (D) potential v/s capacitance at a constant charge

9. An infinite number of identical capacitors each of capacitance 1µF are connected as in adjoining figure. Then the

equivalent capacitance between A and B is-

(A)

1µF

8 capacitor
16 capacitor
A
B
(B) 2µF
(C) 1/2µF

(D)

10. is a spherical conductor of radius (r) placed concentrically inside a thin spherical hollow conductor A 2 of radius (R).

A

1

A 1 is earthed and A

(A) –Q

2 is given a charge +Q then the charge on A 1 is -

(B) Qr/R

(C) –rQ/R

(D) –Q (R–r)/R

11. A capacitor of capacitance 0.1 µF is charged to certain potential and allow to discharge through a resistance of 10

MΩ.

(A) 0.1s

How long will it take for the potential to fall to one half of its original value-

(B) 0.2346 s

(C) 1.386 s

(D) 0.693 s

12. Calculate the charge on the plates of the capacitor C in the given circuit -

12

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QUESTbrain special

 r E A R 1 R 2 B

(A) C ×

ER

2

R

2

+

r

(B) C ×

ER

1

R

1

+

r

(C) C ×

E R .R

1

2

R

1

+

R

2

(D) C ×

E R

1

R

2

+

r

13. In the adjoining circuit diagram E = 5 volt, r = 1 ohm , R 2 = 4 ohm, R 1 = R 3 = 1 ohm and C = 3µF. Then the numerical

value of the charge on each plate of the capacitor is –

(A) 24µC

C

R
1

R 2

R 3

E,r

C

C

C

(B) 12µC

(C) 6µC

(D) 3µC

14. Two condensers of capacities 2C and C are joined in parallel and charged upto potential V. The battery is removed and

the condenser of capacity C is filled completely with a medium of dielectric constant K . The p.d. across the capacitors

will now be -

3V

(A) K

+ 2

 (B) 3V (C) V (D) V K K + 2 K

15. 0.2F capacitor is charged to 600V by a battery. On removing the battery. It is connected with another parallel plate

condenser (1.0F). The potential decreases to-

(A) 100 volts

(B) 120 volts

(C) 300 volts

(D) 600 volts

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QUESTbrain special

1.

2.

3.

4.

Two capacitors of capacities C 1 and C 2 are charged to voltages V 1 and V 2 respectively. There will be no exchange of

energy in connecting them in parallel . If-

(A) C 1 = C 2

C

1

C

2

(B) C 1 V 1 = C 2 V 2

(C) V 1 = V 2

(D)

V

1

=

V

2

Two spheres of radii R 1 and R 2 have equal charge are joint together with a copper wire. If the potential on each sphere

after they are separated to each other is V, then initial charge on any sphere was (k =

1

4 π∈

0

) –

(A)

V

k

(R 1 + R 2 )

V

(B) 2k

(R 1 + R 2 )

(C)

V

k

(R 1 + R

2 )

(D)

V

(R R

1

2

)

k R

1

+ R

2

Calculate the reading of voltmeter between X and Y then (V x – V y ) is equal to -

A

1F
2F
X
1F
V
B
Y
3F
6F

20V

(A) 10 V

In the figure shown, the capacity of the condenser C is 2µF. The current in 2resistor is -

(B) 13.33V

(C) 3.33 V

2Ω

3Ω
2µF
4Ω
+
6V
2.8Ω

(D) 10.33 V

 (A) 9 A (B) 0.9 A (C) 1 A (D) 1 A 9 0.9

5.

6.

In the circuit shown here C 1 = 6µF, C

afterwards S 2 is closed. What is the charge finally on C 2

2 = 3µF and battery B = 20V. The Switch S 1 is first closed. It is then opened and

C 2

3µF

6µF

S 2

S 1

C

1

B=20V

(A) 120µC

Three identical capacitors are given a charge Q each and they are then allowed to discharge through resistance R 1 , R 2 and

R

(B) 80µC

(C) 40µC

(D) 20µC

3

. Their charges, as a function of time shown in the graph below. The smallest of the three resistance is -

14

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QUESTbrain special

(A) R 3

(B) R 2

Q

R 3
R 2
R 1
t

(C) R 1

(D) Cannot be predicted

7. The work done in placing a charge of 8 × 10 18 coulomb on a condenser of capacity 100 micro-farad is –

(A) 3.1 × 10 26 J

(B) 4 × 10 10 J

(C) 32 × 10 32 J

(D) 16 × 10 32 J

8. A fully charged capacitor has a capacitance 'C'. It is discharged through a small coil of resistance wire embedded in a

thermally insulated block of specific heat capacity 's' and mass 'm'. If the temperature of the block is raised by 'T', the

potential difference 'V' across the capacitance is –

 2mC∆T s mC∆T ms∆T (A) (B) s (C) C (D)
2ms∆T
C

9. A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 9 pF. The separation between its plates is ‘d’.

The space between the plates is now filled with two dielectrics. One of the dielectrics has dielectric constant k 1 = 3 and

thickness

d

3

while the other one has dielectric constant k

2

(A) 45 pF

(B) 40.5 pF

= 6 and thickness

(C) 20.25 pF

2d

3

. Capacitance of the capacitor is now –

(D) 1.8 pF

10. A series combination of 0.1 Mresistor and a 10 µF capacitor is connected across a 1.5V source of negligible resistance. The

time required for the capacitor to get charged up to 0.75 V approximately (in seconds) is

(A)

(B) log e 2

(C) log 10 2

(D) zero

11. A capacitor of capacity C is charged in RC circuit. The variation of log I Vs time is shown in the figure by dotted line

when net resistance of circuit is X. When resistance changes to 2X the variation is now shown by

(A) P

Log I
S
R
Q
P
t

(B) Q

(C) R

(D) S

12. A capacitor of capacitance 4µF is charged through a resistor 2.5 Mconnected in series to a battery of emf 12 volt

having negligible internal resistance . Then time in which potential drop across capacitor is 3 times the potential drop

across the resistor -

(A) 13.86 sec

(B) 6.93 sec

13. Time constant for the given circuits are –

(C) 27.72 sec

(D) 3. 46 sec

15

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QUESTbrain special

2µF
1Ω
2µF
4µF
1Ω
2Ω
4µF
2µF
4µF
1Ω
2Ω
2Ω
12V
12V
12 V
8
8
8
(A)
18 µs, 9 µs, 4µs
(B) 18 µs, 4 µs,
9 µs
(C) 4µs, 9 µs, 18 µs
(D)
8 µs, 18µs, 4µs
9

14. A circuit is connected as shown in the figure with the switch S open. When the switch is closed, the total amount of

charge that flows from Y to X is

(A)

0

3µF
6µF
X
S
3Ω
6Ω
Y
9V
(B) 54 µC
(C) 27 µC

15. Calculate the equivalent capacitance between a & b -

d/2

d/2

A/3
A/3
A/3
K =3
K =6
K =9
1
2
3
K=2

a

b

(A)

3

0

A

d

(B) 2

0

A

d

(C)

0

A

d

(D) 81 µC

(D)

0

A

2d

16

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QUESTbrain special

1. The ratio of potential difference between 1 µF and 5 µF capacitors –

1
µF
2 µF
2 µF
3
µF
5 µF

10 V

(A) 1 : 2

(B) 3 : 1

(C) 1 : 5

(D) 10 : 1

2. Two parallel plate capacitors of capacitance C and 3C are connected in parallel and charged to a potential difference V

with the help of a battery. The battery is disconnected and the space between these two capacitors are filled with

dielectric of constant K and K/2 respectively. The voltage across the combination will be -

(A) 3K 4V

(B) 3K 6V

(C) 5K 8V

(D) 5K 3V

3. In the given system a capacitor of plate area A is charged upto charge q. The mass of each plate is m 2 . The lower plate is

rigidly fixed. Find the value of m 1 so that the system is in equilibrium –

(A) m 2 +

q

2

ε

0

Ag

(B) m 2

q

+ + + +
– – – –
m
1

(C)

q

2

2A

ε

0

g

+ m

2 (D) None of these

4. Find the amount of charge that will flow through the switch when it is closed –

a
6µF
3µF
S
+200V
V = 0
3µF
6µF
b
(A) 300 µC
(B) 400 µC

(C) 500 µC

(D) 100 µC

5. A slab of copper of thickness 'b' is inserted in between the plates of parallel plate capacitor. The separation of the plates is

d

d. If b = 2 , then the ratio of the capacities of capacitor after and before inserting the slab is -

(A)

2

:

1

(B) 2 : 1

(C) 1 : 1

(D) 2 :

2

6. An electron is first placed at A and then at B between the two plates of a parallel plate capacitor charged to a potential

difference of V volt as shown. The electrostatic potential energy of electron at A is -

(A) more than at B

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

B

A

(B) less than at B

(C) equal to that at B

7. Find the charge on each capacitor during steady state -

(D) nothing can be said

17

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QUESTbrain special

(A)

3µC

3Ω
3µF
3µF
3Ω
3Ω
R = 4Ω
6Ω
6Ω
6Ω
3µF
3µF
1Ω
10 V
(B) 6µC
(C) 9µC

8. In the given circuit switch K is open. The charge on the capacitor is 'C' in steady state is q

state charge on C is q 2 . The ratio of charges q 1 /q 2 is -

(A) 3/2

(B) 3/2

E

R
K
C 2R

(C) 1

(D) 12µC

1 . Now key is closed and steady

(D) 1/2

9. If each plate has area A and separation between successive plates is d from equivalent capacitance between A and B is -

(A)

A ε

0

d

(B)

A

ε 0

2d

B

A
4A
ε
0
(C)
d

(D)

3A

ε 0

d

10. In the circuit shown in figure switch S is at position 1 for long time. The total heat generated in resistors 2r 0 and r 0 when

switch is shifted from position 1 to position 2.

(A)

C

0

E

2

0

2

(B)

C

0

E

2

0

3

S

r
0
C
0
2
2r
0
1
E
0
2
C
E
0
0
(C)
3r
0

(D) None

11. In the given circuit diagram. Find the heat generated on closing the switch S (Initially the capacitor of capacitance C is

 uncharged) - (A) 3 CV 2

2

C
2C
S
3C
V
(B) CV 2

(C)

1

2 CV 2

(D) 2 CV 2

12. If each capacitor has capacitance is C then equivalent capacitance between A & B is -

18

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QUESTbrain special

B
A
4C
8C
5C
(A)
(B)
(C) 12 C
(D)
3
3
12

19

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QUESTbrain special

1. Three capacitors each having capacitance C = 2µF are connected with a battery of emf 30 V as shown in figure. When

the switch S is closed :

S
C
C
C
30 V
 (A) the amount of charge flown through the battery is 20 µC (B) the heat generated in the circuit is 0.6 mJ (C) the energy supplied by the battery is 0.6 mJ (D) the amount of charge flown through the switch S is 60µC

2. In the circuit shown in figure.

C 1 = C 2 = 2µF. Then charge stored in :

 (A) capacitor C 1 is zero (C) both capacitors is zero
1Ω
2Ω
3Ω
C
C
1
2
2Ω
1Ω
3Ω
120V
(B) capacitor C
2 is zero
(D) capacitor C
1 is 40 µC

3. Each plate of a parallel plate capacitor has a charge q on it. The capacitor is now connected to a battery. Now -

 (A) The facing surfaces of the capacitor have equal and opposite charges (B) The two plates of the capacitor have equal and opposite charges (C) The battery supplies equal and opposite charges to the two plates (D) The outer surfaces of the plates have equal charges

4. A charge Q is imparted to two identical capacitors in parallel. Separation of the plates in each capacitor is d 0 . Suddenly,

the first plate of the first capacitor and the second plate of the second capacitor starts moving to the left with speed v,

then –

(A)

Q(d

0

vt) ,

0

Q(d

2d

0

+ vt)

0

Charge on the two capacitor as a function of time are

2d

(B)

(C)

(D)

Qd

0

Charge on the two capacitors as a function of time are 2(d

0

vt)

,

Current in the circuit will increase as time passes

Current in the circuit will be constant

Qd

0

2(d

0

+

vt)

5. Two plates of a parallel plate capacitors carry charges q and –q and are separated by a distance x from each other. The

capacitor is connected to a constant voltage source V 0 . The distance between the plates is changed to x + dx. Then in

V 0
+q
–q

x

(A) Change in electrostatic energy stored in the capacitor is

Udx

x

20

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QUESTbrain special

 (B) Change in electrostatic energy stored in the capacitor is (C) Attraction force between the plates is 1/2 qE (D) Attraction force between the plates is qE

Ux

dx

(where E is electric field between the plates)

6. A parallel plate condenser is charged by a battery. The battery is removed and a thick glass slab is placed between the

plates. Now-

 (A) the capacity of the condenser is increased (B) the electrical energy stored in the condenser is decreased (C) the potential across the plates is decreased (D) the electric field between the plates is decreased

7. Identical dielectric slabs are inserted into two identical capacitors A and B. These capacitors and battery are connected as

shown in figure. Now the slab of capacitor B is pulled out with battery remaining connected-

A
B
a
b
 (A) during the process charge flows from a to b (B) final charge on capacitor B will be less than on capacitor A (C) during the process, work is done by external force F which appears as heat in the circuit (D) during the process, battery receive energy

8. The two plates x and y of parallel plate capacitor of capacitance C are given a charge of amount Q each. x is now joined to the

positive terminal and y to the negative terminal of a cell of emf e =

Q

C

. Then –

 (A) a charge of amount Q will flow from the positive terminal to the negative terminal of the cell through the capacitor (B) the total charge on the x will be 2Q (C) the total charge on the plate y will be zero (D) the cell will supply Ce 2 amount of energy

9. The plates of a parallel plate capacitor are not exactly parallel then -

 (A) surface charge density is therefore higher at the closer end (B) the surface charged density will not be uniform (C) each plate will have the same potential at each point (D) the electric field is smallest where the plates are closest

10. The figure shows three infinite thin non-conducting charged plates perpendicular to the plane of the paper with charge

per unit area +σ, +and –3σ. As we move from plate 1 to plate 2 magnitude of potential change occured is V 12 , that

from plate 2 to 3 is V

23 and that from plate 1 to 3 is V 13 . Then-

12
3
+
+
σ
+
+
A
B
+
+
Plate
+
+
2m
2m
4m
6m

−3σ

(A)

(B)

(C)

Ratio of net electric field at point A to that at point B is 1/3

9V 12 = 2 V 23 2V 13 = 7 V 12

(D)

3V 13 = 5V 23

21

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QUESTbrain special

11. A uniformly charged ring charge +q has radius R. A uniformly charged solid sphere (over its total volume) has charge Q is

placed on the axis of ring at a distance x =

3 R from centre of ring as shown. Radius of sphere is also R, then –

q
Q
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
R +
+
+
+
+
R
+ +
+
+
+
+
+ +
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
O
O
+
+
+
x =
3R
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+ +
+
+
+
+
+ +
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

(A)

Electric force on ring is

3kQq
2
8R

+

(B) Electric force on ring is

kQq

2R

2

(C) The increase in tension in ring due to sphere is

(D) The increase in tension in ring due to sphere is

kQq

16

π

kQq

R

2

8

π

R

2

12. Four sphere each of different radius named 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd' are given, each are solid insulating uniformly charged and

carrying equal total charge. Variation of electric field with distance r from the centre is given. Then

E

b
c
a
d
r

(C)Volume charged density of c > volume charged density of b

(D) Volume charged density of c < volume charged density of b

13. We have an infinite non-conducting sheet of negligible thickness carrying a uniform surface charge density – σ and next

to it, an infinite parallel slab of thickness D with uniform volume charge density +ρ. All charges are fixed.

σ

D +ρ

(A) Magnitude of electric field at a distance h above the negatively charged sheet is

ρ

D

− σ

2 ε

0

(B) Magnitude of electric field inside the slab at a distance h below the negatively charged sheet (h < D) is

σ + ρ

(D

2h)

2 ε

0

22

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QUESTbrain special

(C) Magnitude of electric field at a distance h below the bottom of the slab is–

ρ

D

− σ

4

ε

0

(D) Magnitude of electric field at a distance h below the bottom of the slab is

ρ

D

− σ

2 ε

0

14. Three charged particles are in equilibrium under their electrostatic forces only –

 (A) The particles must be collinear (B) All the the charges cannot have the same magnitude (C) All the charges cannot have the same sign. (D) The equilibrium is unstable

15. Two infinitely large plane sheets are separated by a distance l and carry a uniform charge of surface density

+