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Lucrarea 1

Caracteristici geometrice

n≔5
⎛ n ⎞
H ≔ 5 m + ⎜―⎟ ⋅ m = 5.5 m
⎝ 10 ⎠
⎛ n ⎞
B ≔ 2.7 m + ⎜―⎟ m = 3.2 m
⎝ 10 ⎠
ts ≔ 0.5 m

tb ≔ 0.55 m
⎛ n ⎞
b ≔ 1.6 m + ⎜―⎟ m = 2.1 m
⎝ 10 ⎠
x ≔ 0.6 m

ΔH ≔ 0.25 m

d ≔ 0.5 m

Hd ≔ H + d = 6 m

Df ≔ d − ΔH = 0.25 m

kN kN kN
γck ≔ 24 ―― + 0.1 ―― ⋅ n = 24.5 ―― (caracteristicile betonului)
m3 m3 m3
qQk ≔ 10 kPa (suprasarcina)

Umplutura din spatele zidului de sprijin prezinta urmatoarele proprietati :


kN kN kN
γk ≔ 18 ――3
+ 0.1 ――3
⋅ n = 18.5 ――
m m m3

φ'k ≔ 36 ° − 0.3 ° ⋅ n = 34.5 °

c'k ≔ 0 kPa

Terenul de fundare prezinta urmatoarele prorietati :


kN kN kN
γk.fdn ≔ 20 ―― + 0.1 ―― ⋅ n = 20.5 ――
m3 m3 m3

cu.fdn ≔ 40 kPa − 0.3 kPa ⋅ n = 38.5 kPa

1.Evaluarea incarcarilor :
1.Evaluarea incarcarilor :

G1 ≔ γk ⋅ ⎛⎝Hd − tb⎞⎠ ⋅ b ⋅ 1 m = 211.733 kN

G2 ≔ γck ⋅ ⎛⎝Hd − tb⎞⎠ ⋅ ts ⋅ 1 m = 66.763 kN

G3 ≔ γck ⋅ B ⋅ tb ⋅ 1 m = 43.12 kN

Abordarea de calcul 1 combinatia 1 (în conditii nedrenate):

Coeficienti partiali

γG ≔ 1.35 (actiuni permanente nefavorabile)


γG.fav ≔ 1 (actiuni permanente favorabile)
γQ ≔ 1.5 (actiuni variabile nefavorabile)
γQ.fav ≔ 0 (actiuni variabile favorabile)
γφ' ≔ 1 (unghiul de frecare interna)
γcu ≔ 1 (coeziunea nedrenata)
γγ ≔ 1 (greutatea volumica)
γR ≔ 1 (rezistenta)

Coeficientul impingerii active in conditii statice : (teoria Rankine )

Unghiul de frecare interna pentru unplutura


⎛ tan (φ'k) ⎞
φd ≔ atan ⎜――― ⎟ = 34.5 °
⎝ γφ' ⎠
2
⎛ ⎛ φ d ⎞⎞
ka ≔ ⎜tan ⎜45 ° − ―⎟⎟ = 0.277
⎝ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎠

1
Pak ≔ ― ⋅ γk ⋅ Hd 2 ⋅ ka ⋅ 1 m = 92.177 kN
2
Pad ≔ Pak ⋅ γG = 124.439 kN

Paqk ≔ ka ⋅ qQk ⋅ Hd ⋅ 1 m = 16.608 kN

Paqd ≔ Paqk ⋅ γQ = 24.913 kN

Valoarea caracteristica a suprasarcinii


kN
Qqk ≔ qQk ⋅ (B − x) = 26 ――
m
Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ 1 m = 473.18 kN in calculul capacitatii portante

2.Verificarea zidului de sprijin:


2.Verificarea zidului de sprijin:

2.1. Verificarea la rasturnare in conditii nedrenate:

Momentul de stabilitate
⎛ ⎛ ts ⎞ ⎛b ⎞ B⎞ B−x
Estb.d ≔ γG.fav ⋅ ⎜G2 ⋅ ⎜― + x ⎟ + G 1 ⋅ ⎜― + t s + x ⎟ + G3 ⋅ ―⎟ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ ―― ⋅ 1 m = 631.665 kN ⋅ m
⎝ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎝2 ⎠ 2⎠ 2
Momentul destabilizator
⎛ Hd ⎞ ⎛ Hd ⎞
Edst.d ≔ ⎜Pad ⋅ ―⎟ + ⎜Paqd ⋅ ―⎟ = 323.616 kN ⋅ m
⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠

Verificare
Estb.d > Edst.d = 1

2.2.1.Verificarea la cedare prin lunecare in conditii nedrenate:

HEd ≔ Pad + Paqd = 149.352 kN


cu.fdn
HRd ≔ B ⋅ 1 m ⋅ ―― = 123.2 kN
γR
Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ = 434.18 kN

HEd < HRd = 0

HRd < 0.4 ⋅ Vd = 1

2.2.2.Verificarea la cedare prin lunecare in conditii drenate:

HEd ≔ Pad + Paqd = 149.352 kN

δk ≔ 22 ° Pietris , pietris cu nisip, piatra sparta neuniforma

V'd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ = 434.18 kN


⎛⎝V'd ⋅ tan ⎛⎝δk⎞⎠⎞⎠
HRd ≔ ――――= 175.42 kN
γR
HEd < HRd = 1

HRd < 0.4 ⋅ Vd = 0

2.3.Verificarea la capacitate portanta in conditii nedrenate:

Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ 1 m = 473.18 kN


B ⎛⎝Estb.d − Edst.d⎞⎠
eB ≔ ―− ――――― = 0.949 m
2 Vd

B
―= 0.533 m
6
B
―= 0.533 m
6
B' ≔ B − 2 ⋅ eB = 1.302 m

A' ≔ 1 m ⋅ B' = 1.302 m 2


Vd kN
qEd ≔ ―= 363.416 ――
A' m2
α≔0 (unghiul de inclinare fata de orizontala a talpii fundatiei)
⎛ 2α ⎞
bc ≔ 1 − ⎜―― ⎟=1
⎝π+2⎠
sc ≔ 1 (forma fundatiei )

1 ⎛ ⎞
ic ≔ ― ⋅ ⎝1 + ‾‾‾‾
1−0⎠=1
2

kN
σvk ≔ γk.fdn ⋅ Df ⋅ γG = 6.919 ――
m2
kN
qRd ≔ (π + 2) ⋅ cu.fdn ⋅ bc ⋅ sc ⋅ ic + σvk = 204.87 ――
m2
qEd > qRd

Abordarea de calcul 1 combinatia 2 (în conditii nedrenate):

Coeficienti partiali

γG ≔ 1 (actiuni permanente nefavorabile)


γG.fav ≔ 1 (actiuni permanente favorabile)
γQ ≔ 1.3 (actiuni variabile nefavorabile)
γQ.fav ≔ 0 (actiuni variabile favorabile)
γφ' ≔ 1.25 (unghiul de frecare interna)
γcu ≔ 1.4 (coeziunea nedrenata)
γγ ≔ 1 (greutatea volumica)
γR ≔ 1 (rezistenta)

Coeficientul impingerii active in conditii statice : (teoria Rankine )

Unghiul de frecare interna pentru unplutura


⎛ tan (φ'k) ⎞
φd ≔ atan ⎜――― ⎟ = 28.803 °
⎝ γφ' ⎠
2
⎛ ⎛ φ d ⎞⎞
ka ≔ ⎜tan ⎜45 ° − ―⎟⎟ = 0.35
⎝ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎠

1
Pak ≔ ― ⋅ γ ⋅ H 2 ⋅ ka ⋅ 1 m = 116.453 kN
2 k d
Pad ≔ Pak ⋅ γG = 116.453 kN
1
Pak ≔ ― ⋅ γ ⋅ H 2 ⋅ ka ⋅ 1 m = 116.453 kN
2 k d

Pad ≔ Pak ⋅ γG = 116.453 kN

Paqk ≔ ka ⋅ qQk ⋅ Hd ⋅ 1 m = 20.983 kN

Paqd ≔ Paqk ⋅ γQ = 27.277 kN


kN
Qqk ≔ qQk ⋅ (B − x) = 26 ――
m
Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ 1 m = 355.415 kN

2.Verificarea zidului de sprijin:

2.1. Verificarea la rasturnare in conditii nedrenate:

Momentul de stabilitate
⎛ ⎛ ts ⎞ ⎛b ⎞ B⎞ B−x
Estb.d ≔ γG.fav ⋅ ⎜G2 ⋅ ⎜― + x ⎟ + G 1 ⋅ ⎜― + t s + x ⎟ + G3 ⋅ ―⎟ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ ―― ⋅ 1 m = 624.905 kN ⋅ m
⎝ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎝2 ⎠ 2⎠ 2
Momentul destabilizator
⎛ Hd ⎞ ⎛ Hd ⎞
Edst.d ≔ ⎜Pad ⋅ ―⎟ + ⎜Paqd ⋅ ―⎟ = 314.738 kN ⋅ m
⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠
Verificare

Estb.d > Edst.d = 1

2.2.Verificarea la cedare prin lunecare in conditii nedrenate:

HEd ≔ Pad + Paqd = 143.73 kN


cu.fdn
HRd ≔ B ⋅ 1 m ⋅ ―― = 123.2 kN
γR

HEd < HRd = 0

HRd < 0.4 ⋅ Vd = 1

2.3.Verificarea la capacitate portanta in conditii nedrenate:

Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ 1 m = 355.415 kN


B ⎛⎝Estb.d − Edst.d⎞⎠
eB ≔ ―− ――――― = 0.727 m
2 Vd

B
―= 0.533 m
6
B' ≔ B − 2 ⋅ eB = 1.745 m

A' ≔ 1 m ⋅ B' = 1.745 m 2

Vd kN
qEd ≔ ―= 203.632 ――
A' m2
Vd kN
qEd ≔ ―= 203.632 ――
A' m2
α≔0 (unghiul de inclinare fata de orizontala a talpii fundatiei)

bc ≔ 1 − ―― =1
π+2
sc ≔ 1 (forma fundatiei )
1 ⎛ HEd ⎞
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
― ⎜
ic ≔ ⋅ 1 + 1 − ――― ⎟ = 0.5 + 0.534i
2 ⎜⎝ A' ⋅ cu.fdn ⎟⎠

kN
σvk ≔ γk.fdn ⋅ Df ⋅ γG = 5.125 ――
m2
kN
qRd ≔ (π + 2) ⋅ cu.fdn ⋅ bc ⋅ sc ⋅ ic + σvk = (104.101 + 105.628i) ――
m2
qEd > qRd

Abordarea de calcul 2 (în conditii nedrenate):

Coeficienti partiali

γG ≔ 1.35 (actiuni permanente nefavorabile)


γG.fav ≔ 1 (actiuni permanente favorabile)
γQ ≔ 1.5 (actiuni variabile nefavorabile)
γQ.fav ≔ 0 (actiuni variabile favorabile)
γφ' ≔ 1 (unghiul de frecare interna)
γcu ≔ 1 (coeziunea nedrenata)
γγ ≔ 1 (greutatea volumica)
γRh ≔ 1.1 (rezistenta la lunecare)
γRv ≔ 1.4 (capacitate portanta)

Coeficientul impingerii active in conditii statice : (teoria Rankine )

Unghiul de frecare interna pentru unplutura


⎛ tan (φ'k) ⎞
φd ≔ atan ⎜――― ⎟ = 34.5 °
⎝ γφ' ⎠
2
⎛ ⎛ φ d ⎞⎞
ka ≔ ⎜tan ⎜45 ° − ―⎟⎟ = 0.277
⎝ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎠

1
Pak ≔ ― ⋅ γk ⋅ Hd 2 ⋅ ka ⋅ 1 m = 92.177 kN
2
Pad ≔ Pak ⋅ γG = 124.439 kN

Paqk ≔ ka ⋅ qQk ⋅ Hd ⋅ 1 m = 16.608 kN


Paqd ≔ Paqk ⋅ γQ = 24.913 kN
Paqk ≔ ka ⋅ qQk ⋅ Hd ⋅ 1 m = 16.608 kN

Paqd ≔ Paqk ⋅ γQ = 24.913 kN


kN
Qqk ≔ qQk ⋅ (B − x) = 26 ――
m
Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ 1 m = 473.18 kN

2.Verificarea zidului de sprijin:

2.1. Verificarea la rasturnare in conditii nedrenate:

Momentul de stabilitate
⎛ ⎛ ts ⎞ ⎛b ⎞ B⎞ B−x
Estb.d ≔ γG.fav ⋅ ⎜G2 ⋅ ⎜― + x ⎟ + G 1 ⋅ ⎜― + t s + x ⎟ + G3 ⋅ ―⎟ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ ―― ⋅ 1 m = 631.665 kN ⋅ m
⎝ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎝2 ⎠ 2⎠ 2
Momentul destabilizator
⎛ Hd ⎞ ⎛ Hd ⎞
Edst.d ≔ ⎜Pad ⋅ ―⎟ + ⎜Paqd ⋅ ―⎟ = 323.616 kN ⋅ m
⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠

Verificare
Estb.d > Edst.d = 1

2.2.Verificarea la cedare prin lunecare in conditii nedrenate:

HEd ≔ Pad + Paqd = 149.352 kN


cu.fdn
HRd ≔ B ⋅ 1 m ⋅ ―― = 112 kN
γRh
HEd < HRd = 0

HRd < 0.4 ⋅ Vd = 1

2.3.Verificarea la capacitate portanta in conditii nedrenate:

Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ 1 m = 473.18 kN


B ⎛⎝Estb.d − Edst.d⎞⎠
eB ≔ ―− ――――― = 0.949 m
2 Vd
B
―= 0.533 m
6
B' ≔ B − 2 ⋅ eB = 1.302 m

A' ≔ 1 m ⋅ B' = 1.302 m 2


Vd kN
qEd ≔ ―= 363.416 ――
A' m2
α≔0 (unghiul de inclinare fata de orizontala a talpii fundatiei)

bc ≔ 1 − ―― =1
π+2
sc ≔ 1 (forma fundatiei )

bc ≔ 1 − ―― =1
π+2

sc ≔ 1 (forma fundatiei )
1 ⎛ HEd ⎞
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
ic ≔ ― ⋅ ⎜1 + 1 − ――― ⎟ = 0.5 + 0.703i
2 ⎜⎝ A' ⋅ cu.fdn ⎟⎠
kN
σvk ≔ γk.fdn ⋅ Df ⋅ γG = 6.919 ――
m2
⎛⎝(π + 2) ⋅ cu.fdn ⋅ bc ⋅ sc ⋅ ic + σvk⎞⎠ kN
qRd ≔ ――――――――― = (75.639 + 99.464i) ――
γRv m2

qEd > qRd

Abordarea de calcul 3 (în conditii nedrenate):

Deoarece in abordarea de calcul 1 si 2 verificarea la lunecare pe talpa fundatiei si la capacitate


portanta nu au fost conforme, vom redimensiona zidul de sprijin.
⎛ n ⎞
H ≔ 5 m + ⎜―⎟ ⋅ m = 5.5 m
⎝ 10 ⎠
B=Hd/2...2Hd/3=3,4...4,55m

B≔7 m

ts=Hd/12...Hd/10=0,57...0,68m

ts ≔ 0.65 m

tb=Hd/10...Hd/8=0,68...0,85m

tb ≔ 0.70 m

x ≔ 0.80 m

b ≔ B − x − ts = 5.55 m

x=Hd/12...Hd/10=0,57...0,68m

ΔH ≔ 0.25 m

d ≔ 0.5 m

Hd ≔ H + d = 6 m

Df ≔ d − ΔH = 0.25 m

Coeficienti partiali
Coeficienti partiali

γG ≔ 1.35 (actiuni permanente nefavorabile)


γG.fav ≔ 1 (actiuni permanente favorabile)
γQ ≔ 1.5 (actiuni variabile nefavorabile)
γQ.fav ≔ 0 (actiuni variabile favorabile)
γφ' ≔ 1 (unghiul de frecare interna)
γcu ≔ 1 (coeziunea nedrenata)
γγ ≔ 1 (greutatea volumica)
γR ≔ 1 (rezistenta)

Coeficientul impingerii active in conditii statice : (teoria Rankine )

Unghiul de frecare interna pentru unplutura


⎛ tan (φ'k) ⎞
φd ≔ atan ⎜――― ⎟ = 34.5 °
⎝ γφ' ⎠
2
⎛ ⎛ φ d ⎞⎞
ka ≔ ⎜tan ⎜45 ° − ―⎟⎟ = 0.277
⎝ ⎝ 2 ⎠⎠

1
Pak ≔ ― ⋅ γk ⋅ Hd 2 ⋅ ka ⋅ 1 m = 92.177 kN
2
Pad ≔ Pak ⋅ γG = 124.439 kN

Paqk ≔ ka ⋅ qQk ⋅ Hd ⋅ 1 m = 16.608 kN

Paqd ≔ Paqk ⋅ γQ = 24.913 kN


kN
Qqk ≔ qQk ⋅ (B − x) = 62 ――
m
Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎞⎠ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ 1 m = 527.18 kN

2.Verificarea zidului de sprijin:

2.1. Verificarea la rasturnare in conditii nedrenate:

Momentul de stabilitate
⎛ ⎛ ts ⎞ ⎛b ⎞ B⎞ B−x
Estb.d ≔ γG.fav ⋅ ⎜G2 ⋅ ⎜― + x ⎟ + G 1 ⋅ ⎜― + t s + x ⎟ + G3 ⋅ ―⎟ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ ―― ⋅ 1 m = ⎛⎝1.409 ⋅ 10 3 ⎞⎠ kN ⋅ m
⎝ ⎝2 ⎠ ⎝2 ⎠ 2⎠ 2
Momentul destabilizator
⎛ Hd ⎞ ⎛ Hd ⎞
Edst.d ≔ ⎜Pad ⋅ ―⎟ + ⎜Paqd ⋅ ―⎟ = 323.616 kN ⋅ m
⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠

Verificare
Estb.d > Edst.d = 1
2.2.Verificarea la cedare prin lunecare in conditii nedrenate:
Estb.d > Edst.d = 1

2.2.Verificarea la cedare prin lunecare in conditii nedrenate:

HEd ≔ Pad + Paqd = 149.352 kN


cu.fdn
HRd ≔ B ⋅ 1 m ⋅ ―― = 269.5 kN
γR

HEd < HRd = 1

HRd < 0.4 ⋅ Vd = 0

2.3.Verificarea la capacitate portanta in conditii nedrenate:

Vd ≔ γG ⋅ ⎛⎝G1 + G2 + G3⎠⎞ + γQ ⋅ Qqk ⋅ 1 m = 527.18 kN


B ⎛⎝Estb.d − Edst.d⎞⎠
eB ≔ ―− ――――― = 1.441 m
2 Vd

B
―= 1.167 m
6
B' ≔ B − 2 ⋅ eB = 4.117 m

A' ≔ 1 m ⋅ B' = 4.117 m 2


Vd kN
qEd ≔ ―= 128.04 ――
A' m2
α≔0 (unghiul de inclinare fata de orizontala a talpii fundatiei)

bc ≔ 1 − ―― =1
π+2
sc ≔ 1 (forma fundatiei )
1 ⎛ HEd ⎞
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
ic ≔ ―⋅ ⎜1 + 1 − ――― ⎟ = 0.62
2 ⎜⎝ A' ⋅ cu.fdn ⎟⎠

kN
σvk ≔ γk.fdn ⋅ Df ⋅ γG = 6.919 ――
m2
kN
qRd ≔ (π + 2) ⋅ cu.fdn ⋅ bc ⋅ sc ⋅ ic + σvk = 129.693 ――
m2
qEd > qRd