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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [1]

Class 5
Decimal Numbers
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Answer the questions

(1) A corner shop sells 163.93 liters of orange juice on Wednesday and 11.16 liters more than this quantity
on Thursday. In total, how many liters of orange juice did they sell?
(2) A snail crawls 43 cm in 28 minutes. It crawls another 77 cm in 51 minutes. How many metres does it
crawl in total?
(3) How is the number fifty-two and forty-five hundredths written in decimal form?
(4) What do you get when you add the following decimals: 314 and 67.43?
(5) What is the place 1000 times smaller than the Tens place called?
(6) Sulekha drove 69.438 km to visit her grandmother. When she reached her grandmother's house she
noticed that the car had used up 4.26 liters of petrol. How many kilometers did she travel per liter of
petrol?
(7) Pradip bought the following things from his first salary:
A music system for Rs. 1316.55
Pairs of shoes for Rs. 5010.55
An air conditioner for Rs. 20053.30
If his salary is Rs. 50000, how much money is he left with after all the shopping?
(8) What number do you get by adding 93 Ten Thousands to 36 Tenths?
(9) Each bag of oranges weighs 2.14 kg. If the total weight of a sack containing bags of oranges is 98.44
kg, then how many bags are there in the sack?
(10) What do you get when you subtract the sum of 388.21 and 40.58 from 488.49?
(11) If the following figure represents 0.14,

what is the result of the given problem?

(12) What do you get when you divide 262.5 by 62.5?


(13) What do you get when you add the following decimals: 477.74, 70.51, and 0.55?
(14) Write the number five hundredths in decimal form.

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [2]
Choose correct answer(s) from the given choices

(15) Solve the following:


A) 542.71 - 447.17 = _____ B) _____ - 212.62 = 71.14
a. 95.45 b. 104.96 a. 283.76 b. 281.6
c. 94.52 d. 95.54 c. 285.1 d. 283.74

C) 409.78 + _____ = 505.96 D) 943.77 - _____ = 60.75


a. 94.17 b. 98.42 a. 883.02 b. 883.04
c. 96.18 d. 96.04 c. 881.22 d. 888.1

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [3]

Answers
(1) 339.02

Step 1
Quantity of orange juice sold on Wednesday = 163.93 liters

Step 2
Quantity of orange juice sold on the next day (i.e. Thursday) = 163.93 + 11.16 = 175.09 liters

Step 3
Total quantity of orange juice sold in two days = 163.93 + 175.09 = 339.02 liters

(2) 1.2 m.

Step 1
The total distance (in cm) the snail crawls: 43 cm + 77 cm = 120 cm

Step 2
Now, let us convert the distance 120 cm (centimetres) into meters . We know that: 100 cm = 1 m
120
Therefore, 120 cm = m = 1.2 m
100

Step 3
Hence, the snail crawls 1.2 m in total.

(3) 52.45

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [4]
(4) 381.43

Step 1
Decimals with the same number of decimal places are called Like Decimals. The numbers given
here are therefore Like Decimals.

Step 2
In order to add the given Like Decimals, let us arrange the digits according to their place value,
i.e., one below the other to make sure that the decimals are also placed exactly below each other.
In this manner, we will place the ones digit below the ones, the tenths digit below the tenths ,and
so on.

Step 3
We should remember that the decimal point in the answer should be placed at the same place as
in the addends.

Step 4
Let us add the numbers, digit by digit, starting from the hundredths and carry over, if needed:
Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones . Tenth Hundredth
3 1 4 . 0 0
+ 6 7 . 4 3

3 8 1 . 4 3

Step 5
Hence, when we add the decimals 314 and 67.43, we get 381.43.

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [5]
(5) The Hundredths Place

Step 1
In order to find the place value which is 1000 times smaller than the Tens place, let us divide 10 by
1000:
10
= 0.01
1000

Step 2
Let us see what is the place of 1 in the number 0.01:
| Thousands| Ones| Tenths| Hundredths| Thousandths| Ten thousandths|
| TTH| TH| H|T|O| . (1/10)| (1/100)| (1/1000)| (1/10000)|
0 . 0 1

Legend:
TTH - Ten Thousands, TH - Thousands, H - Hundreds, T - Tens, O - Ones.

We see that 1 is placed in the Hundredths place.

Step 3
Therefore, the place 1000 times smaller than the Tens place is called the Hundredths place.

(6) 16.3

Step 1
Distance traveled by Sulekha to reach her grandmother's house = 69.438 km

Step 2
Quantity of fuel used during the journey = 4.26 liters

Step 3
In order to calculate the distance traveled by the car per liter of petrol, we need to divide the total
distance traveled in km by the quantity of petrol used in liters.

Step 4
On calculating the above, we get: 69.438 ÷ 4.26 = 16.3 km/liter

Step 5
Hence, the car covered a distance of 16.3 kilometres per liter of petrol (mileage of the car).

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [6]
(7) Rs. 23619.60

Step 1
Amount received by Pradip as his salary = Rs. 50000

Step 2
Let us add the money spent by Pradip:
Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones . Tenth Hundredth
A music system 1 3 1 6 . 5 5
Pairs of shoes 5 0 1 0 . 5 5
An air conditioner 2 0 0 5 3 . 3 0

Total Expense 2 6 3 8 0 . 4 0

Hence, Pradip's total expense is Rs. 26380.40.

Step 3
In order to find the amount left with Pradip, let us subtract his total expense from his salary :
Amount left with Pradip = Pradip's salary - Pradip's total expense
= 50000 - 26380.40
= 50000.00 - 26380.40 ...(Writing 50000 in decimal form 50000.00 so that the two numbers are
Like Decimals)

Step 4
Now, let us subtract 26380.40 from 50000.00 by placing the digits of the two decimal numbers
according to their place values:
Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones . Tenth Hundredth
5 0 0 0 0 . 0 0
- 2 6 3 8 0 . 4 0

2 3 6 1 9 . 6 0

Step 5
Hence, Pradip is left with Rs. 23619.60 after all his shopping.

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [7]
(8) 930003.6

Step 1
First, let us convert the number names into numerals as below:
93 Ten Thousands = 93 × 10000 = 930000
36 Tenths = 36 ÷ 10 = 3.6

Step 2
Let us now add the two numbers:
| Lakhs| Thousands| Ones| Tenths| Hundredths| Thousandths| Ten thousandths|
| TL| L| TTH| TH| H| T| O| . (1/10)| (1/100)| (1/1000)| (1/10000)|
+ 9 3 0 0 0 0 . 0 0 0 0
+ 3 . 6 0 0 0

Total 9 3 0 0 0 3 . 6 0 0 0

Legend:
TL - Ten Lakhs, L - Lakhs, TTH - Ten Thousands, TH - Thousands, H - Hundreds, T - Tens, O -
Ones.

Step 3
Thus, 93 Ten Thousands + 36 Tenths = 930003.6

(9) 46

Step 1
The weight of each bag of oranges = 2.14 kg

Step 2
Total weight of bags of oranges in the sack = 98.44 kg

Step 3
Number of bags of oranges in the sack = 98.44 ÷ 2.14 = 46 bags

Step 4
Hence, there are 46 bags in the sack.

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [8]
(10) 59.7

Step 1
Let us first find the sum of the like Decimal numbers 388.21 and 40.58. Decimals with the same
number of decimal places are called like Decimals.

Step 2
Let us add starting from the hundredths place and carry over, if needed. We should keep in mind
that the decimal point in the answer will be placed at the same place as in the addends:
Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones . Tenth Hundredth
3 8 8 . 2 1
+ 4 0 . 5 8

4 2 8 . 7 9

Step 3
Let us now subtract the sum 428.79 from 488.49 by placing the digits of these two like Fractions
according to their place values:
Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones . Tenth Hundredth
4 8 8 . 4 9
- 4 2 8 . 7 9

0 5 9 . 7 0

Step 4
Hence, when we subtract the sum of 388.21 and 40.58 from 488.49, we get 59.7.

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [9]
(11) 0.27

Step 1

If we look at the figure, we notice that, there are a total of 100 boxes. 14 of 100 represents 0.14.
1
Therefore, 1 of 100 represents = = 0.01
100

Step 2

The difference of the boxes in the given figures = 91 - 64 = 27


27
Hence, 27 of 100 represents = = 0.27
100

Step 3
Thus, the result of


is 0.27.

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [10]
(12) 4.2

Step 1
In order to divide the given decimal numbers, let us first convert the divisor into a whole number by
multiplying the dividend and the divisor by 10.

Step 2
We have:
262.5 262.5 × 10 2625.0
= =
62.5 62.5 × 10 625

Step 3
Let us now divide 2625.0 by 625:

Dividend↴
Divisor→ 625 ) 2 6 2 5 . 0 ( 4 ←Quotient
2 5 0 0

1 2 5 0
1 2 5 0

Remainder← 125

Step 4
Hence, on dividing 262.5 by 62.5, we get 4.2.

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [11]
(13) 548.8

Step 1
Decimals with the same number of decimal places are called Like Decimals. The numbers given
here are therefore Like Decimals.

Step 2
In order to add the given Like Decimals, let us arrange the digits according to their place value,
i.e., one below the other to make sure that the decimals are also placed correctly. In this manner,
we will place the ones digit below the ones, the tenths digit below the tenths ,and so on.

Step 3
We should remember that the decimal point in the answer should be placed at the same place as
in the addends.

Step 4
Let us add the numbers, digit by digit, starting from the hundredths and carry over, if needed:
Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones . Tenth Hundredth
4 7 7 . 7 4
7 0 . 5 1
+ 0 . 5 5

5 4 8 . 8 0

Step 5
Hence, when we add the decimals 477.74, 70.51, and 0.55, we get 548.8

(14) 0.05

Step 1
Let us first write the given number name as a fraction:
5
100

Step 2
Converting the fraction into a decimal number, we get:
5
= 0.05
100

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [12]
(15) A) d. 95.54

Step 1
Given, 542.71 - 447.17 = _____
We have to subtract 447.17 from 542.71 .
5 4 2 . 7 1
- 4 4 7 . 1 7

9 5 . 5 4

Step 2
Therefore, 542.71 - 447.17 = 95.54

B) a. 283.76

Step 1
Given, _____ - 212.62 = 71.14
Let us assume the missing number be x.
Therefore, x - 212.62 = 71.14
or x = 71.14 + 212.62

Step 2
Now, we have to add 212.62 and 71.14 .
7 1 . 1 4
+ 2 1 2 . 6 2

2 8 3 . 7 6

Therefore, x = 283.76

Step 3
Thus, 283.76 - 212.62 = 71.14

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ID : in-5-Decimal-Numbers [13]
C) c. 96.18

Step 1
Given, 409.78 + _____ = 505.96
Let us assume the missing number be x.
Therefore, 409.78 + x = 505.96
or x = 409.78 - 505.96

Step 2
Now, we have to subtract 505.96 from 409.78 .
4 0 9 . 7 8
- 5 0 5 . 9 6

9 6 . 1 8

Therefore, x = 96.18

Step 3
Thus, 409.78 + 96.18 = 505.96

D) a. 883.02

Step 1
Given, 943.77 - _____ = 60.75
Let us assume the missing number be x.
Therefore, 943.77 - x = 60.75
or 943.77 - 60.75 = x
or x = 943.77 - 60.75

Step 2
Now, we have to subtract 60.75 from 943.77 .
9 4 3 . 7 7
- 6 0 . 7 5

8 8 3 . 0 2

Therefore, x = 883.02

Step 3
Thus, 943.77 - 883.02 = 60.75

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