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GROUP 5 COMBINED OPERATION

1. OUTLINE
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs Pn2 Pn1

C6

D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
C4 Po5 P04

D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40
Pd41
ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN Pc40
V3 Pc41
Pc3 Pb3
DR2
Pa21
Pa20
P04 BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
C2
B2
D2 Pc2
Pd2 Pb21 A2

SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0

P0
P02 PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
SPOOL A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK 130ZF3HC23

The oil from the A1 and A2 pump flows through the neutral oil passage, bypass oil passage and
confluence oil passage in the main control valve. Then the oil goes to each actuator and operates
them. Check valves and orifices are located on these oil passage in the main control valve. These
control the oil from the main pumps so as to correspond to the operation of each actuator and
smooth the combined operation.

STRAIGHT TRAVEL SPOOL


This straight travel spool for straight travel is provided in the main control valve.
If any actuator is operated when traveling, the straight travel spool is pushed to the right by the pilot
oil pressure.
Consequently, the left and right travel oil supply passage are connected, and equivalent amount of
oil flows into the left and right travel motors. This keeps the straight travel.

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2. COMBINED SWING AND BOOM UP OPERATION
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs Pn2 Pn1

C6

D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
C4 Po5 P04

D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40
Pd41
ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN Pc40
V3 Pc41
Pc3 Pb3
DR2
Pa21
Pa20
P04 BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
C2
B2
D2 Pc2
Pd2 Pb21 A2

SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0
TRAVEL
STRAIGHT
P0
PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK 130ZF3HC24

When the swing and boom up functions are operated simultaneously, the swing spool and boom
spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the
remote control valve.
The oil from the A1 pump flows into the swing motor through swing spool and the boom cylinder
through boom 2 spool.
The oil from the A2 pump flows into the boom cylinders through the boom 1 spool in the right control
valve.
The super structure swings and the boom is operated.
Refer to page 3-8 for the boom priority system.

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3. COMBINED SWING AND ARM OPERATION
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs Pn2 Pn1

C6
D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
C4 Po5 P04

D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40
Pd41
ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN Pc40
V3 Pc41
Pc3 Pb3
DR2
Pa21
Pa20
P04 BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
C2
B2
D2 Pc2
Pd2 Pb21 A2

SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0
TRAVEL
STRAIGHT
P0
PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK 130ZF3HC25

When the swing and arm functions are operated simultaneously, the swing spool and arm spools in
the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote
control valve.
The oil from the A1 pump flows into the swing motor through swing spool and the arm cylinder
through arm 1 spool.
The oil from the A2 pump flows into the arm cylinder through the arm 2 spool of the right control
valve.
The super structure swings and the arm is operated.
Refer to page 3-13 for the swing operation preference function.

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4. COMBINED SWING AND BUCKET OPERATION
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs

C6

D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
C4 Po5 P04

D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40
Pd41
ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN Pc40
V3 Pc41
Pc3 Pb3
DR2
Pa21
Pa20
P04 BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
B2
Pc2
Pd2 Pb21 A2

SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0
TRAVEL
STRAIGHT
P0
PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK 130ZF3HC26

When the swing and bucket functions are operated simultaneously, the swing spool and bucket
spool in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the
remote control valve.
The oil from the A1 pump flows into the swing motor through the swing spool in the left control valve.
The oil from the A2 pump flows into the bucket cylinder through the bucket spool in the right control
valve.
The super structure swings and the bucket is operated.

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5. COMBINED SWING AND TRAVEL OPERATION
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs Pn2 Pn1

C6

D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
Po5 P04
C4
D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40

ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN
V3
Pb3
Pc3
DR2
Pa21

BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
C2
B2
D2 Pc2
Pd2 A2
Pb21
SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0

P0
PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
SPOOL A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK
130ZF3HC27

When the swing and travel functions are operated simultaneously, the swing spool and travel spools
in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the
remote control valve and straight travel spool is pushed to the right by the pilot oil pressure from the
pilot pump.
The oil from the A1 pump flows into the travel motors through the RH travel spool of the left control
valve and the LH travel spool of the right control valve via the straight travel spool.
The oil from the A2 pump flows into the swing motor through in the straight travel spool.
When the pressure of the travel motors is lower than the pressure of the swing motor, some oil from
the A2 pump flows into the travel motors through the check valve and orifice in the straight travel
spool. This prevents the rapid slowdown of the travel.
The upper structure swings and the machine travels straight.

3-30
6. COMBINED BOOM AND TRAVEL OPERATION
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs Pn2 Pn1

C6

D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
C4 Po5 P04

D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40
Pd41
ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN Pc40
V3 Pc41
Pc3 Pb3
DR2
Pa21
Pa20
P04 BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
C2
B2
D2 Pc2
Pd2 Pb21 A2

SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0

P0
PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
SPOOL A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK 130ZF3HC28

When the boom and travel functions are operated simultaneously, the boom spools and travel
spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the
remote control valve and the straight travel spool is pushed to the right by the oil pressure from pilot
pump.
The oil from the A1 pump flows into the travel motors through the RH travel spool of the left control
valve and the LH travel spool of the right control valve via the straight travel spool.
The oil from the A2 pump flows into the boom cylinders through the boom 2 spool and boom 1 spool
via the parallel and confluence oil passage in case boom up operation.
When the pressure of the travel motors is lower than the pressure of the boom cylinders, some oil
from the A2 pump flows into the travel motors through the check valve and orifice in the straight
travel spool. This prevents the rapid slowdown of the travel.
The boom is operated and the machine travels straight.

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7. COMBINED ARM AND TRAVEL OPERATION
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs Pn2 Pn1

C6
D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
C4 Po5 P04

D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40
Pd41
ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN Pc40
V3 Pc41
Pc3 Pb3
DR2
Pa21
Pa20
P04 BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
C2
B2
D2 Pc2
Pd2 Pb21 A2

SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0

P0
PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
SPOOL A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK 130ZF3HC29

When the arm and travel functions are operated simultaneously, the arm spools and travel spools in
the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote
control valve and the straight travel spool is pushed to the right by the oil pressure from pilot pump.
The oil from the A1 pump flows into the travel motors through the RH travel spool of the left control
valve and the LH travel spool of the right control valve via the straight travel spool.
The oil from the A2 pump flows into the arm cylinders through the arm 1 spool and arm 2 spool via
the parallel and confluence oil passage.
When the pressure of the travel motors is lower than the pressure of the arm cylinder, some oil from
the A2 pump flows into the travel motors through the check valve and orifice in the straight travel
spool. This prevents the rapid slowdown of the travel.
The arm is operated and the machine travels straight.

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8. COMBINED BUCKET AND TRAVEL OPERATION
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs

C6

D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
C4 Po5 P04

D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40
Pd41
ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN Pc40
V3 Pc41
Pc3 Pb3
DR2
Pa21
Pa20
P04 BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
C2
B2
D2 Pc2
Pd2 Pb21 A2

SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0

P0
PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
SPOOL A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK 130ZF3HC30

When the bucket and travel functions are operated simultaneously, the bucket spool and travel
spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the
remote control valve, and the straight travel spool is pushed to the right by the oil pressure from pilot
pump. The oil from the A1 pump flows into the travel motors through the RH travel spool of the left
control valve and the LH travel spool of the right control valve via the straight travel spool of the
control valve.
The oil from the A2 pump flows into the bucket cylinder through the bucket spool via the confluence
oil passage.
When the pressure of the travel motors is lower than the pressure of the bucket cylinder, some oil
from the A2 pump flows into the travel motors through the check valve and orifice in the straight
travel spool. This prevents the rapid slowdown of the travel.
The bucket is operated and the machine travels straight.

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9. COMBINED BOOM UP AND BUCKET OPERATION
ARM DOZER BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Pi1(Pump) Pi2(Pump)
Rs Pn2 Pn1

C6

D6
Pc6
TURNING
JOINT OPTION C
Pd6 (DOZER)

B5
Puo
A5
C5
D5
Pb5
Pc5
Pa5

Pd5 OPTION B BUCKET

DR5
C4 Po5 P04

D4 B4
DR3
Pc41
Pc40 Pb4
Pa4
SWING MOTOR Pd40
Pd41
ARM 1
ARM Pc42
REGEN Pc40
V3 Pc41
Pc3 Pb3
DR2
Pa21
Pa20
P04 BOOM 2 ARM 2
Pd41
C2
B2
D2 Pc2
Pd2 Pb21 A2

SWING DR1
Pb20
DR4
Pa20

BOOM 1 P02
P03 PS
Patt B1
C1
D1 Pb1 A1
Pc1
Pd1 Pa1

TRAVEL TRAVEL
RIGHT LEFT
DR0
TRAVEL
STRAIGHT
P0
PS T1
Ai
Pd0 P3 P2 P1 Pu

A1 A2 PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP

HYDRAULIC TANK 130ZF3HC32

When the boom up and bucket functions are operated simultaneously, each spool in the main
control valve is moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control
valve.
The oil from the A1 pump flows into the boom cylinders through the boom 2 spool in the left control
valve. The oil from the A2 pump flows into the boom cylinders and bucket cylinder through the boom
1 spool, bucket spool and the parallel and confluence oil passage in the right control valve.
Also, when the boom up and bucket in functions are operated simultaneously, the boom up
operation preference function is operated by the pilot pressure P04 and then the bucket spool
transfers in the half stroke not full stroke (refer to page 2-33). Therefore, the most of pressurized oil
flows into boom 1 spool than the bucket spool to make the boom up operation more preferential.
The boom and bucket are operated.

3-34