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Colegio de San Agustin School Immersion

Chemistry Magic Experiments

Experiment 1: Water Treatment Process

Clean and safe water is vital for everyday day life. In this experiment, the industrial water treatment process

will be simulated using simple laboratory materials. The concept of filtration and adsorption will be

explained in this section. The following procedure will be followed for the simulation of the simple water

treatment process.

1. A 100 mL of colored raw water will be prepared containing bits of paper in beaker 1.

2. A strainer will be placed on top of beaker 2.

3. Raw water will be poured onto beaker 2 and the floating matter in the liquid will be removed.

4. The liquid from the filtration set-up, will be poured equally to 2 different Erlenmeyer flask named

flask 1 and flask 2.

5. Two spoonful of activated carbon will be placed in flask 2 and will be mixed continuously until the

color is removed.

6. Filter paper will be placed in the funnel, which will then be situated on top of flask 3.

7. The water-activated carbon mixture will be poured onto flask 3 and clear water will exit the funnel.

List of Materials

 100 g powdered Activated Carbon


 50 mL Ink (Color Blue)
 2 pcs. of 500 mL beaker
 3 pcs. of 250 mL Erlenmeyer flask
 1 pc. strainer
 1 pc. Funnel
 1 pc. Filter paper
Experiment 2: Rainbow in a Tube

Density is a physical property and the substance mass per unit volume. This is an important property that

is one of the primary reasons why hot air balloons float in air, why ships don’t sink and why oil and water

don’t mix. For this experiment, the different densities of sugar and water solution will be used to create

layers of solutions. To perform this experiment, the following steps must be carried out.

1. Mix warm water and sugar in a beaker. Four water-sugar solution must be prepared with different

amounts of sugar as described in the table below.

Beaker Number Amount of water (g) Amount of sugar (g) Color Designation

1 100 5 Yellow

2 100 10 Green

3 100 15 Red

4 100 20 Blue

2. Placed a drop of food coloring in each of the beakers.

3. Using a syringe, load the solution from each dyes to a graduated cylinder

4. Observed the layers formed in the tube.

List of Materials

 ¼ kg sugar

 1 pc. 250 mL graduated cylinder

 4 pcs. 50 mL beaker

 Food color (Yellow, Green, Red, Blue)

 1 pc. Hot Plate


 1 pc. Stirrer

 1 pc. Hot Hands

 1 pc. Cooling Pad

Experiment 3: Non-Newtonian Fluid

Fluids can be classified into two: Newtonian fluids which follows Newton’s Law of Viscosity and Non-

Newtonian fluids, which does not. Knowledge of this two fluids is essential in understanding the design

and structure of mechanics of a plant. This experiment will explore the behavior of a dilatant Non-

Newtonian fluid, to prove that as stressed is increased the viscosity of a Non-Newtonian fluid will also

increase. For this experiment, the following procedures will be followed.

1. A shallow tub will be partially filled with water, about 2/3 of the tub

2. To make a good oobleck, 1 part of water will be mixed with 2 parts of cornstarch.

3. Constantly stir the tub while simultaneously pouring ordinary cornstarch until a thick consistency

is acquired.

4. Test the fluid by applying sudden pressure, if the fluid has yet to harden, add more cornstarch.

List of Materials

 5 kg cornstarch

 Small Basin

 10 kg Water

Experiment 4: Cloud Formation in a Jar

Phase transition is the transformation from one thermodynamic state to another. Cloud formation is one of

the naturally occurring phenomena which can represent the phase change of water from liquid to gas.
1. Tap water will be heated to its boiling point.

2. Boiling water will be poured into the jar. Just enough water to cover the bottom of the jar will be

used.

3. Placed the rubber glove wrist around the mouth of the jar and have the fingers pointing downward

into the jar. This will seal in the air in the jar.

4. Take the glove off the jar for just a moment. Light a match and drop it in the jar. Stretch the glove

back over the jar, with the fingers pointing downward the jar. The water at the bottom of the jar

will put out the match, and smoke will form in the jar.

5. Slide your hand into the glove and pull it outward again. This time, a cloud will form in the jar.

When you put your hand back inside the jar, the cloud will disappear. This will last for 5-10

minutes, and then the particles will settle into the bottom of the jar.

6. Shine a flashlight on the jar. When you shine a light on the jar, you will be able to see the clouds

better.

7. The air is full of warm water vapor molecules inside the jar. The air is compressed by the glove

because the glove takes up some of the space inside the jar. Pulling the glove fingers out of the jar

releases some space in the jar. The air inside the jar cools. The smoke from the match acts as a

vehicle that the water molecules can attach to. They stick to the smoke particles, condensing into

cloud droplets. When the glove fingers go back into the jar, the air inside the jar warms up again

and the cloud disappears.

List of Materials

 Matches

 2 pcs. Rubber gloves

 2 pcs. Rubber band

 1 pc. Hot Plate

 1 pc. Beaker
 1 pc. Hot Hands

 1 pc. Cooling pad

Experiment 5: Liter of Light

The solar bottle bulb, is installed in the roof of homes with the purpose of refracting sunlight in order to

light up a room. This device functions like a deck-prism during daytime where the water inside the bottle

refracts sunlight, delivering as much light as 40-60-watt incandescent bulb to the interior. In this

experiment, the steps of making an eco-friendly solar bottle bulb that can utilized by students in their homes

as an alternative light source.

1. Ten (10)- mL of bleach will be placed inside a 1.5 L soda bottle and filled the rest with water.

Adding bleach to the water prevents it from turning green with algae and ensures high quality light

keeping the water clear for a longer time.

2. A light source will be directed to the solar bottle bulb.

List of Materials

 PET Soda Bottle

 Small bottle of bleach

 Tap Water