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Figure 1-1 Electric current flow is similar to water flow.

Connecting

Figure 1-8
Connecting batteries in parallel for added current
capacity.
1) Batteries in parallel does not change output voltage.

2) When Connecting batteries in parallel, ampacities


add by simple arithmetic.

Figure 1-9 Ten volts of the original battery voltage is lost


to internal resistance.
Battery Internal voltage drop
Voltage drop Across Load

Figure 1-10 Lead acid battery output variation with


temperature.
Figure 1-11 Solve for dc current in a series circuit given
dc source and resistance.
Figure 1-12 Solve for dc voltage in a series circuit given
dc current and resistance.

Figure 1-13 Solve for resistance in a series circuit given


dc voltage and current.
Figure 1-14 Solve for the voltage drop across each
resistor in a series resistance dc circuit.
Figure 1-15 Solve for the equivalent total resistance of a
parallel resistance circuit.
Figure 1-16 Solve for the equivalent total resistance of a
series-parallel resistance network.
Figure 1-17 Solve for the voltage drop across each series-connected
resistor by two methods.
SOLUTION BY OHM'S LAW

SOLUTION BY VOLTAGE DIVIDER LAW