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UNIVERSITY OF MAKATI SCHOOL OF LAW

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW II

ARTICLE III - BILL OF RIGHTS

Primacy of Human Rights and Enforcement


Republic v. Sandiganbayan, GR 104768, July 21, 2003
Mijares v. Ranada, GR 139325, April 12, 2005 (Alien Tort Act)

SECTION 1.
Hierarchy of Rights
Philippine Blooming Mills Employees Org. v. Philippine Blooming Mills Co. Inc., 51
SCRA 189, June 5, 1973 (hierarchy of rights)

Due Process: In General


Tupas v. CA - 193 SCRA 597, 1991 (late petition)
Asilo v. People – 645 SCRA 41 (deprivation of property without due process; demolition)

I. Procedural Due Process

A. Judicial Proceedings

1. In General
a. Banco Espanol 37 P 921 (jurisdiction over person)

2. Aspects of the Proceedings


a. Galvez v. CA 237 SCRA 685
b. State Prosecutors v. Muros 236 SCRA 505
c. Martinez v. CA 237 SCRA 575
d. Espeleta v. Avelino 62 SCRA 395
e. Rabino v. Cruz 222 SCRA 493
f. Ysmael v. CA 273 SCRA 165
g. Carvajal v. CA 280 SCRA 351
h. People v. Castillo 289 SCRA 213
i. Cosep v. Peo. 290 SCRA 378
j. People v. Galleno 291 SCRA 761
k. Oil v. CA 293 SCRA 26
l. Rodrigo v. Sandiganbayan GR 125498 Feb. 18, 1999
m. People v. Hui 338 SCRA 2000
n. People v. Cabiles 341 SCRA 2000
o. Gozum v. Liangco 339 SCRA 253
p. Soriano v. Angeles 339 SCRA 253
q. Villanueva v. Malaya 330 SCRA 278
r. Almendras v. Asis 330 SCRA 69
s. Dayot v. Garcia 353 SCRA 280
t. People v. Hapa GR 125698 July 19, 2001
u. Aguirre v. People GR 144142 August 23, 2001
v. Puyat v. Zabarte 352 SCRA 738
w. Baritua v. Mercader 350 SCRA 86
x. Barbers v. Laguio 351 SCRA 606
y. People v. Herida 353 SCRA 650
z. People v. Medenilla GR 1311638 Mar. 26, 2001
aa. People v. Rivera GR 139180 July 31, 2001
bb. People v. Basquez GR 144035 Sept. 27, 2001
cc. Cooperative Development v. DOLEFIL GR 137489 May 29, 2002
dd. Garcia v. Pajaro GR 141149 July 5, 2002
ee. Briaso v. Mariano, GR 137265, Jan. 31, 2003
ff. Macias v. Macias, GR 1461617, Sept. 3, 2003
gg. Albior v. Auguis, AM P-01- 1472, June 6, 2003
hh. Republic v. Sandiganbayan, GR 152154, Nov. 18, 2003
ii. Ty v. Banco Filipino Savings and Mortgage Bank, 422 SCRA 649
jj. People v. Larranaga, 421 SCRA 530
kk. R. Transport v. Philhino 494 SCRA 630

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ll. Trans Middle East v. Sandiganbayan 499 SCRA 308
mm. Uy v. First Metro 503 SCRA 704
nn. Deutsche Bank v. Chua 481 SCRA 672
oo. People v. Santos 501 SCRA 325
pp. Victoriano v. People 509 SCRA 483
qq. Santos v. DOJ 543 SCRA 70
rr. DBP v. Feston 545 SCRA 422
ss. Ruivivar v. OMB 565 SCRA 324
tt. Borromeo v. Garcia 546 SCRA 543
uu. Cesa v. OMB 553 SCRA 357
vv. DAR v. Samson 554 SCRA 500
ww. Hilario v. People 551 SCRA 191
xx. Pastona v. CA 559 SCRA 137
yy. Bibas v. OMB 559 SCRA 591
zz. Espina v. Cerujano 550 SCRA 107
aaa. Geronga v. Varela 546 SCRA 429
bbb. OMB v. Magno GR 178923, Nov. 27, 2008
ccc. Avenido v. CSC 553 SCRA 711
ddd. Romuladez v. COMELEC 553 SCRA 370
eee. Multi-Trans Agency v. Oriental 590 SCRA 675
fff. Siochi v. BPI, GR 193872, October 18, 2011
ggg. Catacutan v. People 656 SCRA 524
hhh. Mortel v. Kerr 685 SCRA 1 (clear violation and errors of counsel)
iii. Gravides v. COMELEC 685 SCRA 382 (error of counsel)
jjj. Tua v. Mangrobang 714 SCRA 248 (TPO)

3. Publicity and T.V. Coverage


a. Webb v. de Leon 247 SCRA 652 (rape case, media)
b. People v. Teehankee 249 SCRA 54 (murder of Hultman, media coverage)
c. People v. Sanchez GR 121039-45 Jan. 25, 1999
d. People v. Sanchez GR 121039 Oct. 18, 2001
e. Perez v. Estrada A.M. No. 01-4-03-SC June 29, 2001
f. Perez v. Estrada A.M. No. 01-4-03-SC Sept. 13, 2001 (Estrada’s plunder case media
coverage)
g. People v. Roxas – 628 SCRA 378

B. Administrative; Quasi-Judicial Proceedings; Arbitration

1. In General; administrative due process


a. Ang Tibay v. CIR 69 P 635 (due process in administrative proceedings)
b. Dazon v. Yap – 610 SCRA 19
c. Shu v. Dee 723 SCRA 512 (NBI without judicial or quasi-judicial power)

2. Judges and Disciplinary Process


a. OCA v. Pascual 259 SCRA 604
b. Valenzuela v. Bellosillo 322 SCRA 536

3. Aspects of the Proceedings


a. Lumiqued v. Exevea 282 SCRA 125
b. Fabella v. CA 282 SCRA 256
c. Joson v. Exec. Sec. 290 SCRA 279
d. Busuego v. CA GR 95325 Mar. 11, 1999
e. CSC v. Lucas GR 127838 Jan. 21, 1999
f. NPC v. Bernabe 332 SCRA 74
g. Summary Dismissal v. Torcita 330 SCRA 153
h. Velayo v. Comelec 327 SCRA 713
i. Ramoran v. Jardine 326 SCRA 208
j. Immam v. Comelec 322 SCRA 866
k. Villarosa v. Comelec GR 133927 Nov. 29, 1999
l. Go v. Comelec GR 147741 May 10, 2001
m. Mollaneda v. Umacob GR 140128 June 6, 2001
n. Cruz v. CSC GR 144469 Nov. 27, 2001
o. Codilla v. De Venecia GR 150605 Dec. 10, 2002
p. Associated Communications v. Dumlao GR 136762 Nov. 21, 2002
q. Villarosa v. Pomperada, AdminCase No. 5310, Jan. 28, 2003
r. Alauya v. Comelec, GR 152151-52, Jan. 22, 2003
s. Spouses Casimiro v. CA, 136911, Feb. 11, 2003
t. Sy v. CA, GR 147572, Feb. 27, 2003

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u. Namil v. Comelec, GR 15040, Oct. 28, 2003
v. Bautista v. Comelec, GR 154796- 97, Oct. 23, 2003
w. Office of OMB v. Coronel 493 SCRA 392
x. Erece v. Macalingay 552 SCRA 320
z. Marcelo v. Bungubung 552 SCRA 589
aa. SEC v. Interport 567 SCRA 354
bb. Calinisan v. Roaquin 630 SCRA 456
cc. IBP v. Atienza 613 SCRA 518
dd. Domingo v. OMB 577 SCRA 476
ee. Zambales v. Castillejos 581 SCRA 320
ff. OMB v. Evangelista 581 SCRA 350
gg. Phil Export v. Pearl City 608 SCRA 280
hh. OMB v. Reyes 658 SCRA 626
ii. Pichay v. Office of the Deputy Executive Secretary 677 SCRA 408
jj. Arroyo v. DOJ 681 SCRA 181 (fact-finding and joint committee)
kk. Jalosjos v. COMELEC, GR 205033, June 18, 2013 (motu propio issuance of COMELEC
Resolution)
ll. Posadas v. Sandiganbayan, GR 168951 and 169000, July 17, 2013 (denial of MR)
mm. Gundayao v. COMELEC, GR 205233, Feb 18, 2014
nn. Coalition v. COMELEC, 701 SCRA 786
oo. Miro v. Mendoza, 710 SCRA 371
pp. DOH v. Phil. Pharmawealth, 691 SCRA 421
qq. GMA v. COMELEC 734 SCRA 88
rr. Apo Cement Corporation v. Mingson 740 SCRA 383

4. Extradition Proceedings
a. Sec. of Justice v. Lantion 343 SCRA 377
b. Cuevas v. Munoz GR 140520 Dec. 18, 2000
c. Gov’t. of U.S.A v. Purganan GR 148571 Sept. 24, 2002
d. Rodriguez v. Presiding Judge, 483 SCRA 290
e. Gov’t. of Hongkong v. Olalia, GR 153675 April 19, 2007

5. Arbitration
a. RCBC v. Banco de Oro 687 SCRA 583

C. Academic Discipline

1. In General
a. Angeles v. Sison 112 SCRA 26
b. Malabanan v. Ramento 129 SCRA 359
c. Guzman v. NU 142 SCRA 699 (due process in academic discipline)
d. Alcuaz v. PSBA 161 SCRA 7
e. Non v. Judge Dames 185 SCRA 523
f. ADMU v. Capulong 222 SCRA 644 (fraternity)
g. U.P. v. Ligot-Telan 227 SCRA 342
h. Go v. Colegio de San Juan de Letran 683 SCRA 358

D. Deportation Proceedings

1. In General
a. Lao Gi v. CA 180 SCRA 756
b. Domingo v. Scheer, 421 SCRA 468

E. Regulations: Fixing of Rates and Regulation of Profession

1. Rates
a. Philcomsat v. Alcuaz 180 SCRA 218
b. Radiocom v. NTC 184 SCRA 517
c. Maceda v. ERB 199 SCRA 454 (fixing rates)
d. Globe Telecom v. NTC, 435 SCRA 110 (substantial evidence from prior ruling)

2. Profession
a. Corona v. UHPAP 283 SCRA 31 (pilot)

F. Dismissals, Suspensions, Reinstatements, etc. …

1. Dismissal in Government Boards and Commissions

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a. Abalos v. CSC -196 SCRA 81
b. GSIS v. CSC - 201 SCRA 661
c. Macayayong v. Ople - 204 SCRA 372
d. Gonzales v. CSC - 226 SCRA 66
e. Go. v. NPC - 271 SCRA 447
f. CHR v. CSC - 227 SCRA 42
g. Uy v. COA - 328 SCRA 607
h. Lameyra v. Pangilinan - 322 SCRA 117
i. NPC v. Zozobrado - 487 SCRA 16
j. PAGCOR v. CA, GR 185668, December 13, 2011

2. Dismissal in Private Sector


a. Hellenic v. Siete - 195 SCRA 179
b. *Salaw v. NLRC - 202 SCRA 7
c. Conti v. NLRC, GR 119253 April 10, 1997 d.
Aparente v. NLRC, GR 117652
e. Lopez v. Alturas - 647 SCRA 566

3. Preventive Suspension
a. Alonzo v. Capulong - 244 SCRA 80
b. Castillo – Co v. Barbers 290 SCRA 717 c.
Bacsasar v. CSC - 576 SCRA 787
d. Carabeo v. CA 607 - SCRA 394

G. Ordinance/Statute/Memo Cir./Rules
a. *People v. Nazario 165 SCRA 136 (“manager”, void for vagueness)
b. Francisco v. CA - 199 SCRA 595
c. Misamis Or. v. DOF - 238 SCRA 63
d. *Estrada v. Sandiganbayan GR 148560 Nov. 19, 2001 (plunder, void for vagueness)
e. People v. de la Piedra - 350 SCRA 163

H. Motion for Reconsideration


a. Medenilla v. CSC - 194 SCRA 278
b. Mendiola v. CSC - 221 SCRA 295
c. Rodriguez v. Proj. 6 - 247 SCRA 528
d. Lazo v. CSC - 236 SCRA 469
e. Salonga v. CA - 269 SCRA 534
f. Bernardo v. CA - 275 SCRA 413
g. Casuela v. Ombudsman - 276 SCRA 635
h. Cordenillo v. Executive Secretary - 276 SCRA 652
i. Chua v. CA - 287 SCRA 33
j. De la Cruz v. Abelle - 352 SCRA 691
k. Rodriguez v. CA, GR 134275 August 7, 2002
l. Gonzales v. CSC - 490 SCRA 741
m. Berboso v. CA - 494 SCRA 583
n. Pontejos v. Desierto - 592 SCRA 64
o. NAECOR v. ERC - 653 SCRA 642
p. Imperial v. GSIS - 658 SCRA 497
q. Arroyo v. Rosal Homeowners - 684 SCRA 297
r. Ylaya v. Gacott - 689 SCRA 452
s. Moldex v. Villabona - 675 SCRA 615 (motion for reconsideration not allowed)

I. Suretyship
a. Stronghold Insurance v. CA - 205 SCRA 605

J. Tariff and Customs Code


a. Feeder v. CA - 197 SCRA 842

K. Appeal
a. Alba v. Deputy Ombudsman - 254 SCRA 753
b. Telan v. CA - 202 SCRA 534
c. Aris v. NLRC - 200 SCRA 246
d. Rivera v. CSC - 240 SCRA 43
e. Singson v. NLRC - 274 SCRA 358
f. Building Care v. Macaraeg - 687 SCRA 643
g. Diona v. Balergue - 688 SCRA 22

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L. Closure Proceedings
a. CB v. CA 220 SCRA 536 (relative constitutionality)
b. Rural Bank v. CA 162 SCRA 288
c. Phil. Merchants v. CA GR 112844 June 2, 1995

M. Biddings
a. Concerned Officials v. Vasquez, 240 SCRA 502

N. UDHA – R.A. 7279; Squatting; Procedure for relocation; summary abatement


a. Perez v. v. Madrona 668 SCRA 696 (not nuisance per se)

O. Cancellation of Property Rights/Privileges


a. American Inter-Fashion v. OP 197 SCRA 409
b. Alliance of DFLO v. Laguesma 254 SCRA 565
c. ABAKADA v. Ermita 469 SCRA 1 (E-VAT Law)
d. British American Tobacco v. Camacho 562 SCRA 511 and (MR) 585 SCRA 36
(expansive tax category)
e. DPWH v. Spouses Tecson, GR 179334, July 1, 2013 (deprivation of property
without expropriation proceeding)

P. Administrative and Preliminary Investigation - Ombudsman


a. Roxas v. Vasquez GR 114944 June 19, 2001
b. Ocampo v. Ombudsman 322 SCRA 17
c. Serapio v. Sandiganbayan, GR 148468, Jan. 28, 2003
d. Estrada v. ombudsman, GR 212140, January 21, 2015