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# INTRODUCTION

Subhanahuwata'ala the grace of God, the author can sort paper entitled Statistics
and Graphs until completed. Do not forget we also say many thanks for the help
of those who have contributed by donating both matter and mind.

And we hope this paper may gain knowledge and experience for the reader. For
the future can improve or add to a paper form in order to become better.

Because of the limitations of our knowledge and experience, we believe there are
still many shortcomings in this paper, therefore we welcome any suggestions and
constructive criticism from readers for the perfection of this paper.

## Jakarta, March 8th, 2017

Writer

1

TITLE PAGE

INTRODUCTION

A. Background
B. The problems
C. Objective

CHAPTER II DISCUSSION
A. Statistics
1. Definition of Statistics
2. Types of Statistics
B. Data Presentation
1. Presentation of data with table
2. Presentation of data with graphs

CHAPTER II CONCLUSION

REFERENCES
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

A. BACKGROUND

## Etymologically the word statistics is derived from the word status

(Latin) which have similarities meaning to the word state (English) or word
staat (Dutch language), and that in Indonesian translated into the country. At
first, the word statistic is defined as a collection of material information
(data), either tangible figures (quantitative data) as well as intangible figure
(qualitative data), which is of significant importance and great usability for a
State.
However, on further developments, the word statistic is only restricted
to the collection of information material tangible numbers (quantitative data)
and intangible figure (qualitative data).
The term is also often given a statistical sense as a statistical activity
or activities pensetatistikan persetatistikan or activity. As mentioned in the
law on statistics (see Law No. 7 of 1960), the statistical activities include four
things: (1) data collection, (2) data preparation, (3) the announcement and
reporting of data, and ( 4) analysis of the data.
Statistics courses for students is needed, especially when a student
must collect, process, analyze and interpret the data for the manufacture of
paper, thesis or dissertation. In this case knowledge of statistics used in
compiling the research methodology.
As a science, position statistics is a branch of applied mathematics.
Therefore, to understand the statistics at a high level, terebih formerly
required an understanding of mathematics.
In developed countries such as America, Europe and Japan, statistical
science is growing rapidly in line with the development of economic science
and engineering. Even the progress of a country is determined by the extent
to which the country was applying statistical sciences in solving the problems
of development and planning administration. Japan as a developed country,
is said to have managed to combine statistical sciences to economics, product
design, psychology and sociology society.
So far, the science of statistics is also used to predict and analyze the
behavior of consumers, so the Japanese were able to dominate the world
economy today.

B. Problem Formulation
Based on the above description, obtained by the formulation of the problem as
beikut:
1. What is Statistics?
2. Mention kinds of statistics?
3. How Presentation of data in the statistics?

C. Objectives
Based on the formula above problems, obtained tujuansebagai beikut:
1. To investigate the understanding of statistics
2. to determine the types of statistics
3. to determine presentation of the data in the statistics

CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION

A. Statistics
1. Definition of
Statistics is the science which deals with the way - the way of data
collection, processing, penganalisaannya and manufacture conclusions
based on analysis of the population from which the data is drawn.
While Statitika is knowledge related to methods, techniques or how to
collect, process, analyze and interpret the data to be presented in full in
a form that is easy to understand the use of

2. types of statistics
a. Descriptive statistics
are statistics related to data collection, data presentation (table creation
- tables and graphs - graphs) and perform calculations - statistical
calculations.

## are statistics relating to the general conclusion with limited facts.

Statistical inferences or inductive statistics stems from limited data or
samples. So without data / facts can not be deduced.
B. Presentation of Data
Broadly speaking there are two ways of presenting the data, namely the
tables and graphs.Two ways of presenting this data is interrelated because
basically before graphed the data is in the form of a table. Graphical
presentation of data more communicative.

Judging from the time it was collected, there are two types of data are:
Cross section of data is the data collected at a certain time. Periodic data is
data collected from time to time. Periodic data can be created with the tendency
or trend line.

## 1. Presentation of data with table

table or list is a collection of figures, arranged in categories or
characteristics of the data, making it easier for data analysis.
There are three types of tables are:
a. Table one direction or the component is a table that only consist of one
category or the characteristics of the data. The following table is an
example of a table in one direction.
Member Ratings Group Study
"OF SMART"

IV 17 574 People

## Source: BAKN, the Statistics Indonesia 1986

b. Table two-way or two-component is a table showing the two
categories or two characteristics. The following table is an example of
a two-way table.
Number of Students UPH by the Faculty and1995 Citizenship

Fak. Industrial
1,320 10 1,330
Technology

250 10 260
School

## c. Table three-way or three components is a table showing the three

categories or three characteristics. Sample the following table.
Number of Employees According to the Group, Age and
Education
at the Ministry of A 2000

Group Bachel
25-35> 35 Non
ors

IV 0250 0250

## 2. with Data Presentation graphics

Presentation of data with graphs considered more communicative
because in a short time can be known characteristics of the data presented.
There are several types of charts are:
1. A line graph (line chart)
line graph or line chart used to describe the periodic data. A line graph can
be a single line graph as well as multiple line graphs.
The X-axis shows the times of observation, while the Y axis shows
the value of observational data for a certain time. Form a set time and
observation points on the XY plane, the next column of each two adjacent
points was connected with a straight line so that it will be obtained a line
chart or line graph. For more details, consider the following example
problems.
A car dealer from 1995 until the end of 2004 keeps track of the number of
cars sold each year as follows.

## Make a line chart data.

Solution:

By using previously described, the line chart for these data is as follows.
Line diagram of the cars sold from the year 1995 - 2004

From the diagram, it appears most car sales in 2001. From 1995-1997, sales of cars
tends to increase and the 2002-2004 tended to decrease.

## 2. Charts / beam (bar chart)

are basically the same bar graph fugsinya the line graph is to illustrate the
periodic data. Bar charts are also consist of a single bar graphs and double
bar graphs.

Example question

## When a table is created in the form of a bar chart

3. The pie chart (pie chart)
The pie chart is more suitable to present a cross section of data, where data
Example Problem:
In a class there are students of 60 people. Each student is required to have
at least one type of extracurricular activities. Once collected, the data
showed that 15 students chose basketball, 17 students chose volleyball, 24
students chose futsal, and 4 chose Scout. Make a diagram, negation of the
data!

Solution:

Before membat a pie chart of the data, we should look for the percentage
advance so that later we can determine the angle of each of the acquired
data.

Once we get a large percentage and angle, we can present the data in a pie
chart as below:
DiagramExtracurricular Lingkran

## 4 Graphic Image (pictogram)

This graph an image or symbol to indicate the number of objects that
symbolized.
Example Problem:
The number of cars in the village of Sukoharjo from 2011 to 2015 is as follows:
In 2011, as many as 5,000 cars
in 2012 as many as 6,500 cars
in 2013 as many as 9,000 cars
of 2014 as many as 10,000 cars
in 2015 as many as 11,000 cars
Describe the data is in the form of pictograms!
Completion:
5. Graph Form Map (Cartogram).
Cartogram is a diagram illustrating a phenomenon or a state associated with the
scene it was. Manufacturing techniques used geographical maps as basis to explain
the data and facts thatoccurred.These charts are widely used by BMG to show
the weather forecast in some areas.

CHAPTER III
CONCLUSION

Statistics is the knowledge that discusses ways - the way of data collection,
processing, and manufacturing penganalisaannya conclusions based on an analysis
of the population from which the data is drawn.
While Statitika is knowledge related to methods, techniques or how to collect,
process, analyze and interpret the data to be presented in full in a form that is easy
to understand the use.

## Statistics can be divided into 2 Descriptive statistics and. Statistical

inferences or inductive statistics Descriptive statistics are statistics related to data
collection, data presentation (drafting tables - tables and graphs - graphs) and
perform calculations - statistical calculations. While statistics inferences or
inductive statistics are statistics relating to the general conclusion with limited
facts. Statistical inferences or inductive statistics stems from limited data or
samples. So without data / facts can not be deduced.

Broadly speaking there are two ways of presenting the data, namely the tables and
graphs.Two ways of presenting this data is interrelated because basically before graphed
the data is in the form of a table.
REFERENCES

https://www.slideshare.net/silviakuswanti/ma
http://rumusnih.blogspot.co.id/2015/09/penyajian-data-menggunakan-diagram
http://poetrinice.blogspot.co.id/2013/04/tugas-makalah-statistik.htmlkalah-
statistika-dasar.html