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Subhanahuwata'ala the grace of God, the author can sort paper entitled Statistics

and Graphs until completed. Do not forget we also say many thanks for the help

of those who have contributed by donating both matter and mind.

And we hope this paper may gain knowledge and experience for the reader. For

the future can improve or add to a paper form in order to become better.

Because of the limitations of our knowledge and experience, we believe there are

still many shortcomings in this paper, therefore we welcome any suggestions and

constructive criticism from readers for the perfection of this paper.

Writer

1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

A. Background

B. The problems

C. Objective

CHAPTER II DISCUSSION

A. Statistics

1. Definition of Statistics

2. Types of Statistics

B. Data Presentation

1. Presentation of data with table

2. Presentation of data with graphs

CHAPTER II CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A. BACKGROUND

(Latin) which have similarities meaning to the word state (English) or word

staat (Dutch language), and that in Indonesian translated into the country. At

first, the word statistic is defined as a collection of material information

(data), either tangible figures (quantitative data) as well as intangible figure

(qualitative data), which is of significant importance and great usability for a

State.

However, on further developments, the word statistic is only restricted

to the collection of information material tangible numbers (quantitative data)

and intangible figure (qualitative data).

The term is also often given a statistical sense as a statistical activity

or activities pensetatistikan persetatistikan or activity. As mentioned in the

law on statistics (see Law No. 7 of 1960), the statistical activities include four

things: (1) data collection, (2) data preparation, (3) the announcement and

reporting of data, and ( 4) analysis of the data.

Statistics courses for students is needed, especially when a student

must collect, process, analyze and interpret the data for the manufacture of

paper, thesis or dissertation. In this case knowledge of statistics used in

compiling the research methodology.

As a science, position statistics is a branch of applied mathematics.

Therefore, to understand the statistics at a high level, terebih formerly

required an understanding of mathematics.

In developed countries such as America, Europe and Japan, statistical

science is growing rapidly in line with the development of economic science

and engineering. Even the progress of a country is determined by the extent

to which the country was applying statistical sciences in solving the problems

of development and planning administration. Japan as a developed country,

is said to have managed to combine statistical sciences to economics, product

design, psychology and sociology society.

So far, the science of statistics is also used to predict and analyze the

behavior of consumers, so the Japanese were able to dominate the world

economy today.

B. Problem Formulation

Based on the above description, obtained by the formulation of the problem as

beikut:

1. What is Statistics?

2. Mention kinds of statistics?

3. How Presentation of data in the statistics?

C. Objectives

Based on the formula above problems, obtained tujuansebagai beikut:

1. To investigate the understanding of statistics

2. to determine the types of statistics

3. to determine presentation of the data in the statistics

CHAPTER II

DISCUSSION

A. Statistics

1. Definition of

Statistics is the science which deals with the way - the way of data

collection, processing, penganalisaannya and manufacture conclusions

based on analysis of the population from which the data is drawn.

While Statitika is knowledge related to methods, techniques or how to

collect, process, analyze and interpret the data to be presented in full in

a form that is easy to understand the use of

2. types of statistics

a. Descriptive statistics

are statistics related to data collection, data presentation (table creation

- tables and graphs - graphs) and perform calculations - statistical

calculations.

Statistical inferences or inductive statistics stems from limited data or

samples. So without data / facts can not be deduced.

B. Presentation of Data

Broadly speaking there are two ways of presenting the data, namely the

tables and graphs.Two ways of presenting this data is interrelated because

basically before graphed the data is in the form of a table. Graphical

presentation of data more communicative.

Judging from the time it was collected, there are two types of data are:

Cross section of data is the data collected at a certain time. Periodic data is

data collected from time to time. Periodic data can be created with the tendency

or trend line.

table or list is a collection of figures, arranged in categories or

characteristics of the data, making it easier for data analysis.

There are three types of tables are:

a. Table one direction or the component is a table that only consist of one

category or the characteristics of the data. The following table is an

example of a table in one direction.

Member Ratings Group Study

"OF SMART"

IV 17 574 People

b. Table two-way or two-component is a table showing the two

categories or two characteristics. The following table is an example of

a two-way table.

Number of Students UPH by the Faculty and1995 Citizenship

Fak. Industrial

1,320 10 1,330

Technology

Fak. Graduate

250 10 260

School

categories or three characteristics. Sample the following table.

Number of Employees According to the Group, Age and

Education

at the Ministry of A 2000

Group Bachel

25-35> 35 Non

ors

IV 0250 0250

Presentation of data with graphs considered more communicative

because in a short time can be known characteristics of the data presented.

There are several types of charts are:

1. A line graph (line chart)

line graph or line chart used to describe the periodic data. A line graph can

be a single line graph as well as multiple line graphs.

The X-axis shows the times of observation, while the Y axis shows

the value of observational data for a certain time. Form a set time and

observation points on the XY plane, the next column of each two adjacent

points was connected with a straight line so that it will be obtained a line

chart or line graph. For more details, consider the following example

problems.

A car dealer from 1995 until the end of 2004 keeps track of the number of

cars sold each year as follows.

Solution:

By using previously described, the line chart for these data is as follows.

Line diagram of the cars sold from the year 1995 - 2004

From the diagram, it appears most car sales in 2001. From 1995-1997, sales of cars

tends to increase and the 2002-2004 tended to decrease.

are basically the same bar graph fugsinya the line graph is to illustrate the

periodic data. Bar charts are also consist of a single bar graphs and double

bar graphs.

Example question

3. The pie chart (pie chart)

The pie chart is more suitable to present a cross section of data, where data

can be made form prsentase.

Example Problem:

In a class there are students of 60 people. Each student is required to have

at least one type of extracurricular activities. Once collected, the data

showed that 15 students chose basketball, 17 students chose volleyball, 24

students chose futsal, and 4 chose Scout. Make a diagram, negation of the

data!

Solution:

Before membat a pie chart of the data, we should look for the percentage

advance so that later we can determine the angle of each of the acquired

data.

Once we get a large percentage and angle, we can present the data in a pie

chart as below:

DiagramExtracurricular Lingkran

This graph an image or symbol to indicate the number of objects that

symbolized.

Example Problem:

The number of cars in the village of Sukoharjo from 2011 to 2015 is as follows:

In 2011, as many as 5,000 cars

in 2012 as many as 6,500 cars

in 2013 as many as 9,000 cars

of 2014 as many as 10,000 cars

in 2015 as many as 11,000 cars

Describe the data is in the form of pictograms!

Completion:

5. Graph Form Map (Cartogram).

Cartogram is a diagram illustrating a phenomenon or a state associated with the

scene it was. Manufacturing techniques used geographical maps as basis to explain

the data and facts thatoccurred.These charts are widely used by BMG to show

the weather forecast in some areas.

CHAPTER III

CONCLUSION

Statistics is the knowledge that discusses ways - the way of data collection,

processing, and manufacturing penganalisaannya conclusions based on an analysis

of the population from which the data is drawn.

While Statitika is knowledge related to methods, techniques or how to collect,

process, analyze and interpret the data to be presented in full in a form that is easy

to understand the use.

inferences or inductive statistics Descriptive statistics are statistics related to data

collection, data presentation (drafting tables - tables and graphs - graphs) and

perform calculations - statistical calculations. While statistics inferences or

inductive statistics are statistics relating to the general conclusion with limited

facts. Statistical inferences or inductive statistics stems from limited data or

samples. So without data / facts can not be deduced.

Broadly speaking there are two ways of presenting the data, namely the tables and

graphs.Two ways of presenting this data is interrelated because basically before graphed

the data is in the form of a table.

REFERENCES

https://www.slideshare.net/silviakuswanti/ma

http://rumusnih.blogspot.co.id/2015/09/penyajian-data-menggunakan-diagram

http://poetrinice.blogspot.co.id/2013/04/tugas-makalah-statistik.htmlkalah-

statistika-dasar.html

https://www.academia.edu/6889600/KARTOGRAM

http://koeshariyantopratama.blogspot.co.id/

http://www.belajarmatematikaku.com/2016/08/penyajian-data-menggunakan-

piktogram.html

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