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FINAL REPORT

STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATION & RECOMMENDATIONS

1051 Emerson Street Firehouse

4090 Lake Avenue Firehouse

Submitted by:
Ravi Engineering & L.S., P.C.
6605 Pittsford Palmyra Rd., Suite E5
Fairport, New York 14450

Submitted to:

The City of Rochester


Bureau of Architectural and Engineering
414 Andrews Street
Rochester, New York 14604-1493

October 2007
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction
2. Emerson Street Firehouse
3. Lake Avenue Firehouse
4. Sequence of Repairs

Appendix A: Photos

Appendix B: Key Plans

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Structural Investigation & Recommendations
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1. Introduction
This report represents the results of a structural investigation of the following two (2) firehouses
located in the city of Rochester, New York.

Emerson Street Firehouse 1057 Emerson Street

Lake Avenue Firehouse 4090 Lake Avenue

Ravi Engineering & L.S., P.C., a structural engineering firm, acting as a consultant to the City of
Rochester, prepared this report after conducting a structural investigation of the buildings that
included review of existing drawings when available, field visits, and structural study of each
building.

2. Emerson Street Firehouse

Description of Existing Building


This building was constructed in 1956 and it consists of concrete masonry bearing walls,
structural steel and 3” concrete plank on metal joists with a built - up roof system. The height of
the truck bay is approx. 20’-0”, the offices and living areas are approx. 14’-0”. Interior non-
bearing walls were built using both 4” & 6” concrete masonry units resting on 4” concrete slab.
Exterior load bearing walls consists of 8” concrete masonry block with 4” face brick. This
building was constructed on an area that was part of the old Emerson Street landfill.

Findings and Recommendations


Finding Recommendation

2.1 Exterior canopy column base is cracked Clean and apply non-shrink grout to cracks
in several places. around column base.
2.2 Main Truck Bay metal floor drain covers Wire brush, clean and paint or replace with
are corroded. galvanized covers.
2.3 East side of the truck bay has a horizontal Clean, route and fill all cracks using an epoxy
crack, 2 & 6 courses from the floor sealant and paint to match existing.
almost full length of truck bay.
2.4 Wall between Toilet area and Bunk Room Clean, route and fill cracks using an epoxy
is a large crack in wall chase between sealant and paint to match existing.
rooms.
2.5 Mechanical Room has cracks in the Clean, route and fill all wall cracks using an
concrete masonry North wall. epoxy sealant and paint to match existing.
2.6 Bricks have some cracks in them. Repoint and or replace.

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2.7 Base of truck bay door frames at each Clean with wire brush and repaint with rust
side and center area showing rust. inhibitor paint to match existing.
2.8 Driveway in front of west truck bay door Cut out area, replace sub - base, compact &
shows signs of settlement. apply asphalt patch.
2.9 Exterior light pole base in the rear Clean and apply non-shrink grout to cracks
parking lot is fractured and needs to be around column base.
repaired.
2.10 Canopy over the front of the building At this time, no work needs to be done, but
contains transite panels. note that this material is likely to contain
asbestos, should future work require their
disturbance.
2.11 Vertical crack in wall over door jamb. Clean, route and fill wall crack using an
epoxy sealant and paint to match existing.
2.12 Numerous minute cracks in various Clean, route and fill all cracks using an epoxy
walls. sealant and paint where applicable.
2.13 Facade over truck bay leaks with heavy Repair roof flashing along the facade.
rain or snow.
2.14 Under floor drains back up with heavy Clean out under floor drains with “power
rains. snake”.
2.15 Truck bay doors, metal thresholds have Replace existing metal thresholds with
deteriorated badly, bricks are broken, galvanized angle also replace bricks &
weather seal is worn. Repair concrete weather seal.
apron.

Probable Construction Cost Estimate


Component Quantity Cost

Clean and repaint truck bay door frames. 8 lin. Ft $400

Remove & replace truck bay thresholds, bricks, weather seal (2) @ $2,000 $4,000
Repair concrete apron

Replace floor drain covers (Truck Bay) (6) @ $150 $900

Clean, route and apply epoxy sealant to cracks 150 lin. ft. $900

Clean and grout light pole base/front column base lump sum $300

Repair section of asphalt driveway lump sum $900

$7,400

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General Conditions………………….3%............$222

Overhead and profit………………..20%......... $1525

Contingency……………………….20%..........$1830

Engineering fee……………………20%..........$2,195

Total $13,171

Conclusion
Based upon our field visit, discussions with the City of Rochester Architectural and Engineering
Personnel, Captain of the Fire Department, and after reviewing the existing structural drawings
we conclude that the cracks in the non load-bearing walls are due to long term settlement of the
floor slab.

As recommended, the cracks in the non-load bearing walls and the gap between the wall tiles and
slab in the truck bay can be fixed and monitored as a part of the building maintenance program.
Also, if a more long-term fix is planned, the sub-grade under slab can be pressure injected to
prevent future settlement issues.

3. Lake Avenue Firehouse

Description of Existing Building


This building was constructed in 1962 and consists of concrete masonry bearing walls, structural
steel and 3” concrete plank on metal joists with a built-up roof system. The height of the truck
bay is approximately 17’-0”, the offices and living areas are approx. 11’-0”. Exterior walls are 8”
concrete masonry with 4” face brick. Interior non load-bearing walls are concrete masonry units
(varying thickness) supported on 4” concrete slab on grade with no thickened slab under them.
Some of these interior non load-bearing walls are made up of two wythes of block with a gap
between them for air space or pipe space. The slab for the truck bay is constructed as a 5” slab on
earth form supported by concrete beams, masonry piers and footings. However, the slab is not
supported on the exterior foundation wall and hence, subject to settlement.

Findings and Recommendations


Finding Recommendation

3.1 First 5 courses of brick at various locations Clean and re-point bricks.
around the exterior of the building have visible
deterioration of grout.

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3.2 Side walk on the west side shows visible Remove and replace sections of sidewalk. In
signs of heaving and settlement due to frost addition, provide proper drainage using stone
penetration. fill under sidewalk slabs to prevent future
settlement.
3.3 Side walk on the southeast corner of the Remove and replace sections of sidewalk. In
building has large cracks due to uneven addition, provide proper drainage using stone
settlement and/or frost heave. fill under sidewalk slabs to prevent future
settlement.
3.4 Concrete spalling at the east side entrance Cut out section of slab and replace.
slab.
3.5 Hairline vertical cracks on the brick face of Fill cracks with sealant as needed.
exterior walls at various locations.
3.6 Front Truck Bay apron has concrete spalling Cut out sections of concrete apron as necessary
at the three support locations. and replace.
3.7 Brick Pilaster between the Truck Bay and Power wash and re-point as necessary.
Office Area in the front of the building shows
signs of deterioration and effervescence.
3.8 Slab at the southeast corner of the truck bay Clean and fill gap with non-shrink grout and
has settled showing a gap of ½” to 1” between monitor slab for any further movement.
wall tiles and slab. However, there are no cracks
in the tiles.
3.9 Masonry crack following block coursing Clean and fill cracks with sealant, paint as
near the overhead door at SE corner of truck necessary and monitor crack for further
bay. movement.
3.10 The following three non load-bearing Clean, route and fill all cracks using a flexible
partition walls have vertical cracks where they epoxy crack sealant and paint as necessary.
meet the exterior load-bearing wall. Monitor cracks for further movement.
• Wall between Bunk Room and Toilet
• Wall between Toilet and Exercise Room A more long term fix would be to pressure
• Wall between Exercise Room and inject under the existing slab to strengthen the
Equipment Room. sub grade in addition to filling the cracks.
Slab settlement is suspected to be the reason for
the wall cracks.
3.11 Non load-bearing partition walls in the Clean, route and fill all cracks using a flexible
Exercise room and Equipment room have ¼” epoxy crack sealant and paint as necessary.
+/- horizontal cracks for the full length of the Monitor cracks for further movement.
wall. Slab settlement is suspected to be the
reason for the wall cracks.
3.12 Masonry wall in between the corridor and Caulk interior corners of both showers with
shower stalls shows signs of water damage at waterproof caulking.
the bottom 2 to 3 courses.
3.13 Floor slab (slab on grade) in the Clean, route and fill all cracks using an epoxy
Mechanical room has a few cracks. crack sealant.
3.14 Canopy over the front of the building No repair required at this time, however if
contains transite panels. The panel on the west sagging continues panels need to be replaced.
side of the truck bay is sagging by ½”. Since transite panels are generally known to
contain asbestos, panels should be tested before
any repair or replacement.

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Conclusion
Based upon our field visit with the City of Rochester Architectural and Engineering Personnel,
Captain of the Fire Department, and after reviewing the existing structural drawings we conclude
that the cracks in the non load-bearing walls are due to long term settlement of the floor slab.
The settlement of the truck bay slab is due to lack of edge support.

As recommended, the cracks in the non-load bearing walls and the gap between the wall tiles and
slab in the truck bay can be fixed and monitored as a part of the building maintenance program.
Also, if a more long-term fix is planned, the sub-grade under the slab can be pressure injected to
prevent future settlement issues.

Probable Construction Cost Estimate


Component Quantity Cost

Clean and re-point bricks. 200 ln. ft. $1,200

Power washing brick at front brick pilaster Lump Sum $300

Replace sidewalk and sub-base. 30 ln. ft. $1,950

Clean and fill cracks with epoxy sealant 250 ln. ft. $1,500

Replace Sections of Concrete Apron and Entrance 20 sq. ft. $1000

Clean and apply non-shrink grout to gap between wall & floor 20 ln. ft. $200

Caulk at shower corner 50 ln. ft. $250

Estimated cost $6,400

General Conditions 3% $192

Overhead and profit 20% $1,318

Contingency 20% $1,582

Engineering fee 20% $1,898

$4,990

Total $11,390

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Appendix A
Photos
Emerson Street Firehouse
Lake Avenue Firehouse

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Emerson Street Firehouse

Canopy support Canopy support Canopy support

Wall crack - Bathroom Wall crack - Bathroom Wall crack - Bathroom

Wall crack - Bathroom Wall crack – truck bay Wall crack –Bunk room

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Wall crack – Bunk room Light pole base -Cracked Truck bay door frame

Crack in concrete apron Concrete apron – broken Truck bay door frame and concrete

Depressed area – driveway Wall crack – mechanical room Wall crack – mechanical room

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Lake Avenue Firehouse

3.1 Brick mortar deterioration 3.2 Sidewalk heave 3.3 Sidewalk crack

3.4 East entrance slab spalling 3.5 Crack in the Brick Wall 3.7 Deterioration of Brick on Pilaster

3.6 Spalling on Concrete Apron - right 3.6 Spalling on Concrete Apron - 3.6 Spalling on Concrete Apron - left
side center side

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3.8 Gap between Wall tiles and Slab 3.8 Gap between Wall tiles and Slab 3.9 Masonry Wall crack

3.10 Masonry Wall Crack 3.10 Masonry Wall Crack 3.10 Masonry Wall Crack

3.11 Masonry Wall Crack 3.11 Masonry Wall Crack 3.11 Masonry Wall Crack

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3.12 Masonry Wall water damage 3.13 Floor crack in Equipment Room 3.14 Sag in Canopy panel

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Appendix B
Key Plans
Emerson Street Firehouse
Lake Avenue Firehouse

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