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IELTS 10 TEST 4

Writing Task 1

The diagrams have shown the life cycle of salmon. The illustrations have reflected the
various consequences of different key stages of salmons.
The life cycle of salmon starts from the upper river where there is only a few slow
moving current. It allows the deposition of salmon eggs below the reeds and put
them in between the small stones at the bottom of the river bank. At this stage,
salmons will spend for about 5-6 months at the upper part of the river stream. After
around half year, salmon eggs have hatched and become "fry". Then, they will leave
for the lower part of the stream and grow for around 4 years. The original fry is only
around 3-8 cm long and will turn into "smolt" which is 12-15 cm long after staying in
the fast-flowing river part for 4 years.

During the stage of smolt, they will migrate to the open sea areas and stay for around
5 years. After 5 years, smolt will gradually transit into the next stage of their
maturation, the adult salmon. A fully grown salmon can grow to 70-76 cm in length.
The adult salmon will then swim back to their place of birth and will start the next life
cycle of a new baby salmon. Adult salmons will start laying eggs at their original place
of birth and once start again to start the cycle anew.