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Feb 12, 2018

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Contents

Very Weird Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

The Coolness of 6174 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Betcha You Can’t Do This! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Extreme Palindromes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

More Weird Numbers—11 and 9091! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

13—An Especially Annoying and Unlucky Number! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Calculating Codes! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Stuck-in-a-Rut Weirdness! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Goof-a-Rama! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Your Calculator Writes! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Presto! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

17! 11! 13! 100! 999! Cool! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Gray Elephant from Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Random Goofiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Calculator Wow! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Calculator Magic! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

37,037—One Really Boffo Number! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Flip-Floppers! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Got a key pad on your calculator that looks like this?

7 8 9

4 5 6

1 2 3

0

198 – A Really Wild Number!

Enter the numbers on the buttons across the bottom row of your calculator,

from right to left, like this: 321.

Then subtract the numbers in that row from left to right: 321 - 123.

Did you get 198?

OK, now do the same for the numbers in the middle row,

again from right to left: 654.

Now reverse the numbers in the middle row and subtract: 654 - 456.

What did you get? 198? Right! Same number. Wild, eh?

Try the top row. Punch the buttons from right to life: 987

Reverse and subtract: 987 - 789

198!

What if you go up and down, entering 963 - 369 or 852 - 258?

What if you even go diagonally, like this: 753-357?

What number keeps showing up when you subtract?

Is it still 198, or is it a new number?

If it's a new number, can you simply divide it by 2 or 3 to get 198?

Wild! 198! Really Wild!

Very Weird Numbers

All products of 9 have digits that, when added together, equal 9. Really.

Like 9 x 6 = 54 and 5 + 4 = 9

Or 3 x 9 = 27 and 2 + 7 = 9

1 + 8 + 0 + 9 = 27 and 2 + 7 = 9

37

Think of any three-digit number in which all digits are the same.

For example, 333. Add the digits (3 + 3 + 3 = 9).

Divide the original number by the sum of its digits (333 ÷ 9 = 37).

There’s that weird number: 37.

111 ÷ 3 = 37

222 ÷ 6 = 37

999 ÷ 27 = 37

The Coolness of 6174

I’m like a kid. I’m special. There’s no other number like me. I’m 6,174, and

I’m the only number that can do the cool thing that follows. Get set…GO!

® Arrange them to make the largest number possible, like: 6,541

® Now arrange them to make the smallest number possible, like: 1,456

® Subtract the small number from the large one.

6,541

-1,456

5,085

® Now, take the answer and arrange those numbers to make the largest

number possible; like: 8,550

® Now make the smallest number and subtract as you did above:

8,550

-0,558

7,992

® Continue to repeat these steps.

9,972

-2,799

7,173 7,731

-1,377

6,354 6,543

-3,456

3,087 8,730

-0,378

8,352 8,532

-2,358

6,174

THERE I AM!

always show up! Cool, huh?! Now try your own four different numbers

between 0 and 9.

Betcha You Can’t Do This!

The other answers are on this book’s last page.)

® ® ®

® ® ®

Fill in the question marks with either a plus sign or a multiplication sign:

9 ? 8 ? 7 ? 6 ? 5 ? 4 ? 3 ? 2 ? 1 = 100

Extreme Palindromes

Like these—

Step on no pets.

***

Neil, an alien.

***

***

***

***

***

Dennis, Nell, Edna, Leon, Nedra, Anita, Rolf, Nora, Alice, Carol,

Leo, Jane, Reed, Dena, Dale, Basil, Rae, Penny, Lana, Dave, Denny,

Lena, Ida, Bernadette, Ben, Ray, Lila, Nina, Jo, Ira, Mara, Sara,

Mario, Jan, Ina, Lily, Arne, Bette, Dan, Reba, Diane, Lynn, Ed,

Eva, Dana, Lynne, Pearl, Isabel, Ada, Ned, Dee, Rena, Joel, Lora,

Cecil, Aaron, Flora, Tina, Arden, Noel, and Ellen sinned.

So how about numbers? Now that would be extreme.

Extreme Palindromes (continued)

Here’s the cool thing about a calculator: With a calculator, you can create

an infinite number of palindrome numbers. Really! Try this:

® Enter a three-digit number; for example, 236.

® Reverse the number and add it to the first number: 236 + 632 = 868.

® See the 868? That’s your palindrome.

If you don’t get a palindrome, keep trying. Keep reversing the answer and

adding, so on and so on. Like this:

165

+561

726 726

+627

1,353 1,353

+3,531

4,884 — Palindrome! It’s the same

backward as forward!

Let’s try some two-digit numbers:

24

+42

66 — Palindrome! It’s the same

backward as forward!

87

+78

165 165

+561

726 726

+627

1,353 1,353

+ 3,531

4,884 — Palindrome! It’s the same

backward as forward!

(Hint: Sometimes the number will get really long, and it won't fit on your calculator screen

anymore. You might then want to pick a new, smaller number to try.)

More Weird Numbers—11 and 9091!

11

like 15658 or 22222 or 31772 and multiply it by 11.

It’s that original five-digit number—twice!

(Warning: Because some calculators don’t have enough slots for ten digits,

you may need a pretty fancy calculator for this weird thing to work perfectly.)

13—An Especially Annoying and Unlucky Number!

OK, here’s a way to always come up with the unlucky number known as “13.”

This is a calculator book, not a behavior-of-knuckleheads book.)

So if you picked 146, the calculator will read: 146,146.

Divide by 7.

Divide the answer by 11.

Then divide that answer by the original three-digit number.

146,146 ÷ 7 = 20,878

20878 ÷ 11 = 1,898

1,898 ÷ 146 = 13

13!

Unluckily weird!

Calculating Codes!

A=1 G=7 M = 13 S = 19 Y = 25

B=2 H=8 N = 14 T = 20 Z = 26

C=3 I=9 O = 15 U = 21

D=4 J = 10 P = 16 V = 22

E=5 K = 11 Q = 17 W = 23

F=6 L = 12 R = 18 X = 24

Using this code, you can write any word in numbers. Like CREEP would be:

3/18/5/5/16

(because: C = 3, R = 18, E = 5, and P = 16)

To play Calculating Codes, you’ll need your calculator to multiply out a word.

For example, to multiply out CREEP, you would enter 3 x 18 x 5 x 5 x 16. The

answer is 21,600. So for purposes of this game, the value of CREEP is

21,600. The value of DOG is 420 (4 x 15 x 7 = 420). And the value of

UNDERWEAR is 219,088,800.

Now here’s the challenge: Find the word with the highest possible

total—99,999,999—but without overloading your calculator!

And UNDERWEAR’s no good, because it gives too big a number.

Try Octopus. That gets you 86,184,000, which is OK.

How about DRUDGERY? Wow—that’s 95,256,000.

(A major helpful hint: When you’re looking for these “almost 99,999,999” words,

keep a dictionary handy and look for words that are seven, eight, or nine letters long.)

Stuck-in-a-Rut Weirdness!

and

only one number key to come up with a requested number.

no number keys other than the 2.

Give up?

Try this: 22 ÷ 2 + 2 + 2.

Goof-a-Rama!

Multiply by 8.

Add 12.

Divide by 4.

Subtract 3.

Divide by 2.

8

8 x 8 = 64

64 + 12 = 76

76 ÷ 4 = 19

19 – 3 = 16

16 ÷ 2 = 8

Wow-a-rama!

Whoa-a-rama!

______-a-rama!

(Enter word of your choice.)

Your Calculator Writes!

upside down, they look like letters of the alphabet.

Seriously!

Turn your calculator upside down.

Says “h,” right?

Says “E,” right?

There aren't that many letters that you can make with your calculator,

so you have to choose your words carefully and use some imagination when

you're reading them. Ignore the decimal points, for instance, and consider

that some of the upside-down numbers make capital letters and some make

lowercase letters. Just cut the poor calculator some slack, and it will

serve you well as a secret communication tool. Try these—

8 ÷ 100

(2,660 X 2) - 3

He ____ the whole couch when we play Nintendo.

(2,500 X 2) + 452 + 452

Your Calculator Writes! (continued)

What you're supposed to say when you pick up the phone: "_____?"

(7,000 + 17 + 17 + 700) ÷10,000

A verb,

My brother _____ loud.

My room _____ cool.

My dinner _____ gross.

(25 X 2) + 1

Sticky stuff.

9 ÷ 100

You had a serious case of the _______ .

900 + 18 + 1 + 379,000 + 5,000,000

(40 – 3) ÷ 100

(1,000 – 7) + 5,000

You let out a long breath called a _______ .

(2,500 x 2) – 85

(20,202 x 2) ÷ 100,000

(continued on next page)

Your Calculator Writes! (continued)

(310 x 3) + 7

Baby talk.

9,009 ÷ 100,000

She’s not the _______ .

(11,000 ÷ 2) + 2 +2 +2 +2

In number form, it’s James Bond’s code number.

(10 – 3) ÷ 100

These are totally gross and slimy, and some are even deadly, so beware.

(And lots of people eat them! Yuck!)

(3 x 11) + 700 + 5,000

1,500 + 1,500 + 350 + 350 + 2 +2

(1,063,540 x 5) + 7

Presto!

Grab a deck of playing cards. Now ask a friend to pick any card. Be sure you

do NOT see the card--because your challenge is to use the calculator to

identify that mystery card. Really!

1) Enter the card number. Note: ace = 1, jack = 11, queen = 12, king = 13

2) Multiply that number by 2.

3) Add 1.

4) Multiply by 5.

5) Add a “suit number”: clubs = 6, diamonds = 7, hearts = 8, spades = 9.

6) Ask to see the calculator and look at the answer.

® The “tens” place tells the number of the card. For the king, queen,

jack, and 10, the “tens” AND “hundreds” place will tell the number of

the card.

® The “ones” place tells the suit (clubs = 6, diamonds = 7, hearts = 8,

spades = 9).

1) Enter 7.

2) Multiply that number by 2. 7 x 2 = 14

3) Add 1. 14 + 1 = 15

4) Multiply by 5. 15 x 5 = 75

5) Add a “suit number”: in this case it’s clubs. 75 + 6 = 81

7 is in the “tens” column and 6 is in the “ones” column. That means the

card was a 7 of clubs.

PRESTO!!

PRESTO!!

PRESTO!!

17! 11! 13! 100! 999! Cool!

enter it twice into a calculator to make a six-digit number.

Your calculator will read 175,175.

Next, divide by 7.

Divide again by 11.

And divide by 13.

175,175 ÷ 7 = 25,025

25,025 ÷ 11 = 2,275

2,275 ÷ 13 = 175

!!!!

The Gray Elephant from Denmark

and 10 (but make sure Fred does not tell you the number!). Then ask Fred to

multiply that number by 9.

Next, instruct Fred to add the two digits of the answer together. (Say, for

example, that Fred originally picked 8. After multiplying by 9, he’s at the

number 72. Add the 7 and 2 together to get 9.)

At this point, Fred will be thinking of the number 9. He has to be. Because,

remember, when anybody multiplies any number between 1 and 10 by 9, the

sum of the answer’s digits always totals 9. Think about it: 9, 18 (1 + 8 = 9),

27 (2 + 7 = 9), 36 (etc.), 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, 90. Neat, eh? Now you’ve got

Fred just where you want him.

Tell Fred to subtract 5 from the number. (You know the answer is 4 because

9 - 5 = 4.)

Tell Fred to assign a letter, according to the alphabet, to the number they

end up with: a=1, b=2, c=3, d=4, e=5, and so on. (You know that the assigned

letter has to be “d,” right?)

Now ask Fred to think of a country in Europe that starts with that letter.

(Fred will have to think of Denmark, because that’s the only country in

Europe that starts with “d.”)

Now ask Fred to think of an animal that starts with the second letter of the

country he’s thinking of. (He’s thinking of “e,” right? And he’ll most likely

think of “elephant”—almost everybody does.)

We’re almost there. Ask Fred to think of the color of that animal. (Most

people think of elephants as being gray.) Now you’re set to stun Fred. Ask

him if he’s thinking of a “gray elephant from Denmark.”

Random Goofiness

Step #1

Enter any three-of-the-same-digits number, like 444.

Step #2

Add the three digits (4 + 4 + 4 = 12).

Step #3

Divide the number in Step #1 by the number in Step #2 (444 ÷ 12 = 37).

Try other numbers. Always get the same answer?

® ® ®

® ® ®

Subtract 3. Divide by 2. Press the = button. Did you get the number you

started with?

® ® ®

Check out the sequence of digits in the answer when you do this:

111,111,111 x 111,111,111 = ?

Calculator Wow!

Randomly pick out a number and see if you can find consecutive numbers

whose sum is that number. Take the number 315, for example. Grab your

50 + 51 + 52 + 53 + 54 + 55 = 315.

Now, here’s the easy “wow” way. Let’s say you want to try to add six

consecutive numbers to get 315. Divide 315 by 6 and you’ll get 52.5*. Go

down three numbers from 52.5 (52, 51, 50) and up three numbers from 52.5

(53, 54, 55), for a total of six numbers. And you’ll get:

50 + 51 + 52 + 53 + 54 + 55 = 315.

Wow!

What if you want to try to add five consecutive numbers to get 315. Divide

315 by 5 and you’ll get 63*. Count down two from 63 (62, 61) and up from 63

61 + 62 + 63 + 64 + 65 = 315

*WARNING: This will not work unless you get a whole number (like 63) or a .5 number (like 52.5)

Calculator Magic!

Ask a friend to pick any three numbers, from one to six. Like: 2, 5, and 6.

BUT—the friend can’t tell you what the numbers are. BECAUSE—you’re

going to tell your friend what numbers she secretly picked. REALLY!

2) Add 5.

3) Multiply that result by 5.

4) Add one of the other numbers she chose.

5) Multiply that result by 10.

6) Add the third number.

7) Give you the calculator.

Now, you subtract 250. And her three numbers will be there! Whoa!

2) Add 5. (10 + 5 = 15)

3) Multiply that result by 5. (15 x 5 = 75)

4) Add one of the other numbers she chose. (75 + 6 = 81)

5) Multiply that result by 10. (81 x 10 = 810)

6) Add the third number. (810 + 2 = 812)

37,037—One Really Boffo Number!

ask him to punch in the number thirty-seven thousand thirty-seven.

Just to be careful, check the calculator to be sure it reads 37,037.

Now ask your friend to pick his favorite number between 1 and 9.

tell your friend to multiply 37,037 by the answer in your head.

you ask your friend to multiply 37,037 by 12.”

If your friend’s favorite number is 7,

you ask him to multiply 37,037 by 21.

the answer will be a row of your friend’s favorite number.

Flip-Floppers!

Hand a friend your calculator and ask her to punch in the number 32,967.

Tell your friend to multiply 32,967 by the number’s last digit (7), and then

divide by its first digit (3). The number will flip-flop. It’ll become 76,923.

Now you can say:

1,089 x 9 = 9,801 ÷ 1 = 9,801.

See that?

1,089 flip-flopped to 9801.

But BEWARE! Not all number are flip-floppers. But the following are!

3,267 21,978 329,967

4,356 32,967 439,956

6,534 43,956 659,934

7,623 65,934 769,923

8,712 76,923 989,901

9,801 87,912 109,989

98,901

Answers

44 + 44 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 100

9 x 8 + 7 + 6 + 5 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 100

® ® ®

Stuck-in-a-Rut Weirdness!

Note: for each of these, there may be more than one answer. Here are ours!

Bye!

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Chapter 34Adding Whole Numbers and Money4Lesson 15

Adding Money

n this lesson, your child has been taught to add money amounts. It’s pretty easy to keep

most kids’ attention when there’s a dollar sign involved. Here’s how you can make sure

your child understands the basic concepts.

Adding money is a lot like adding whole

numbers, but with two extra things to

remember: the dollar sign and the decimal.

Tell your child that you’re buying a small cheese pizza for

$7.19 and a large pepperoni for $8.19. You want to find out

how much the two pizzas will cost.

Point out that he can add the two numbers in three steps,

then estimate to see if he’s right:

Line up the Add the dollar

decimal Add.. sign and the

points. decimal.

1

7.19 7.19 7.19

+ 8.19 + 8.19 + 8.19

15 38 $15.38

To estimate, your child can round $7.19 down to $7,

and round $8.19 down to 8.

www.HomeworkReliefCenter.com © Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Lesson 15, page 1

Chapter 34Adding Whole Numbers and Money4Lesson 154Adding Money

Troubleshooting Tips

Make sure your child lines up the

decimal points when adding money amounts!

Tell your child that a soda costs $1.50 and a

pizza costs $7.19. Ask him if ten dollars is enough to buy

a small pizza and a soda. (Yes, it’s enough. The total cost

would be $7.19 + $1.50 = $8.69.)

The work in this lesson builds on:

❑ Finding equivalent values in dollars and cents

❑ Using basic addition facts

❑ Regrouping (15 ones = 1 ten, 5 ones)

If you think your child isn’t getting it,

contact the teacher. Most math concepts

are based on previously learned skills.

And when your child falls behind, it can be a real

struggle to catch up.

www.HomeworkReliefCenter.com © Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Lesson 15, page 2

Name _________________________________________________

Adding Money

Add. Estimate to check.

1. $3 . 1 6 2. $8 . 7 9 3. $0 . 5 1 4. $1 . 1 1

1 4.38 1 3.15 1 6.93 1 4.44

5. $4 . 7 5 6. $1 . 0 5 7. $9 . 2 0 8. $6 . 7 2

1 3.14 1 7.24 1 3.63 1 1.98

softball and a baseball bat? Explain.

baseball bat $8.07

basketball $7.49

16. Which two pieces of equipment together volleyball $3.34

will cost about $16.00? softball $3.98

soccer ball $4.63

less than $8.00? How much would they cost?

Answer Key

Adding Money

Add. Estimate to check.

1. $3 . 1 6 2. $8 . 7 9 3. $0 . 5 1 4. $1 . 1 1

1 4.38 1 3.15 1 6.93 1 4.44

$7.54 $11.94 $7.44 $5.55

5. $4 . 7 5 6. $1 . 0 5 7. $9 . 2 0 8. $6 . 7 2

1 3.14 1 7.24 1 3.63 1 1.98

$7.89 $8.29 $12.83 $8.70

softball and a baseball bat? Explain.

baseball bat $8.07

No; $3.98 1 $8.07 5 $12.05 basketball $7.49

16. Which two pieces of equipment together volleyball $3.34

will cost about $16.00? softball $3.98

The baseball bat and the basketball soccer ball $4.63

less than $8.00? How much would they cost?

Volleyball and softball; $7.32

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