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1. Name of the College: Yashwantrao Chavan School of Rural

Development, Shivaji University, Kolhapur.

2. Name of the Course: M. Tech. (Rural Technology)

3. Name of the Student: Katkar Abhishek Bajirao

4. Date of Registration : 16th August 2015

5. PRN No. 2014010497

6. Name of the Project Guide: Mr. S. B. Desai

7. Name of the Project Guide: Mr. M. M. Wagh

8. Proposed Title For dissertation: Modeling and Optimization of Grid Inter-

connected Electrical Energy Systems for
fulfillment of power demand with economic
cost through transmission network.

9. Introduction:

Energy is basic input of every kind of activities associated with economic growth. Now-
a-days rising industrialization, growing population and vast improvement in living standard
promotes more need of energy. India’s electricity demand increases by 4.8% of total generation
since 2010. But still India bares large deficit in energy requirement and peak power demand of
2.1% and 3.2 % respectively.[1] Almost 80 % of power generation done by conventional sources
gives adverse environmental impact.
In India, 65% of population is living in rural region and engaged in agriculture and local
activities. For productive improvement in agriculture sector needs utilization of advance
technology. For this surety of electricity is important. Big initiatives by government through
social schemes improve percentage of electrification although 3.32 % of villages are
unelectrified due to high cost in grid expansion for low electricity demand. [1] India consist
2,49,188 MW renewable energy potential which is sufficient to fulfill whole country’s power
requirement but only 9 % is used to generation. Integration of available renewable sources with
existed system is the perfect way to obtain present power demand without any risk of energy
security and environment sustainability. Only increment in generation capacities never fulfill
energy demand. It requires proper sizing of generation sources, best efficiency and stability of
power system, reliability in transmission, precise load side-demand side management. For this
precise modeling of energy system gives optimum usage of installed generation by reducing
transmission losses and economy of output power with eco-friendly way.

10.Statement of Problem:

Day-by-day rise in energy requirement increases dependability of fossil fuels which

arises issues like global warming, loss in biodiversity, pollution and threat of diminishing energy
sources. Still India is fighting lack in energy demand for peak hours. Demand at load side varies
accordingly daily, monthly and also seasonally which indirectly affect generation output
efficiency. Transmission system plays major role in terms of power system stability and
reliability in power delivery. Electricity act 2003 opens window for private players in era of
generation, transmission and distribution of power through grid interconnectivity. It provides
competitive environment in terms of profit and efficiency measures. But still in India occurs
23.04 % transmission and distribution loss. [1]

To overcome such all circumstances of electricity and make sure of 24 × 7 continuous

supply needs proper planning and management from load side to generation systems. For that
purpose require simple, user-friendly tool of energy planning which helps to get optimum usage
of available energy by lowering system losses with economic dispatch of generated power to
equalize required demand of load centre.