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SIEMENS

SIEMENS Femap 101 Student Guide Version 10.3 Siemens PLM Software

Femap 101

Student Guide

Version 10.3

Siemens PLM Software

Proprietary and restricted rights notice

This software and related documentation are proprietary to Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software Inc.

© 2012 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software Inc. All Rights Reserved.

All trademarks belong to their respective holders.

Femap 101 – v10.3

Training Class Agenda

 

Day 1

Lesson No

Topic

Workshop(s)

1 The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

2 The Femap User Interface – Part 1

3 Geometry Creation and Editing

4 Overview of Materials

5 Overview of Properties

6 Meshing Overview

 

Day 2

Lesson No

Topic

Workshop(s)

6 Complete Meshing Workshops

7 Boundary Conditions – Loads and Constraints

8 The Femap User Interface – Part 2

9 Model Display and Visualization

10 The Meshing Toolbox

11 Analysis Set Manager

 

Day 3

Lesson No

Topic

Workshop(s)

12 Postprocessing

13 Midsurfacing

14 Assembly Modeling

15 Finite Element Modeling Debugging

Student Topics

Lesson 1

Purpose

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

This lesson provides an overview of general overview of Finite Element Modeling and Analysis and the tools in Femap available to generate FEA models.

Topics

• What is Finite Element Analysis?

• What comprises a FEA model?

• Femap Modeling Process Flow

• Femap Model Objects and Commands

• Femap UI Overview

• Units

• Femap Model File Formats

• Femap Preferences

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

What is Finite Element Analysis?

A Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is a mathematical simulation of a physical structure

when internal and external forces are applied to it.

It can be used to simulate the following types of physical behavior:

• Structural

• Thermal

• Fluid Flow

• Optical

• Electromagnetic

Femap can be used to model the first four types of FEA models.

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

What comprises a FEA model?

A Finite Element Analysis model is a collection of:

• Finite Elements - well-defined mathematical models of:

• Beam and Rod elements

• Surface or Shell elements – triangular or quadrilateral

• Solids - tetrahedral or hexahedral

• Miscellaneous elements such as Springs, Mass, Rigid, and Contact

• Material attributes

• Boundary conditions (loads and constraints)

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Takeaway

A FEA model is at best, an approximation of a physical structure.

The accuracy of the results from a FEA model are only as good as the quality of the mesh and the accurate application of material attributes and boundary conditions to a model.

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Objects and Workflow for Generating a FEA Model

Geometry Materials Boundary Conditions • Constraints • Loads Properties
Geometry
Materials
Boundary Conditions
• Constraints
• Loads
Properties

Mesh

Analyze

Post process

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Geometry

Import Geometry

Create Geometry

Modify Geometry

File, Import Geometry File, References

Geometry,

Geometry, commands Modify, commands

commands

Direct CAD geometry interfaces

Solid Edge, NX (Unigraphics and I-deas), ProE, CATIA, and SolidWorks.

NX (Unigraphics and I-deas), ProE, CATIA, and SolidWorks. Industry standard CAD geometry Interfaces  Parasolid,
NX (Unigraphics and I-deas), ProE, CATIA, and SolidWorks. Industry standard CAD geometry Interfaces  Parasolid,

Industry standard CAD geometry Interfaces

Parasolid, ACIS, IGES, STEP, STL

Femap geometry creation and editing

Points, 2D and 3D curves

Surfaces

Solid creation and editing operations

Midplane surface extraction and editing

Additional geometry cleanup and editing tools are available in the Meshing Toolbox

and editing tools are available in the Meshing Toolbox CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap
and editing tools are available in the Meshing Toolbox CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap
and editing tools are available in the Meshing Toolbox CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap
and editing tools are available in the Meshing Toolbox CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap
and editing tools are available in the Meshing Toolbox CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Materials and Properties

Materials

Properties

Model, Material commands

Model, Property commands

Material Types:

Isotropic

2D and 3D Orthotropic

2D and 3D Anisotropic

Elastomers – Hyperelastic, Foam, etc.

Analysis program specific types (NX Nastran, MSC Nastran, LS- Dyna, Abaqus, Marc)

Property Types:

Line elements

Plane elements

Volume elements

• “Other” elements

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Boundary Conditions

Constraints

Loads

Model, Constraint commands

Model, Load commands

Model, Constraint commands Model, Load commands Femap models can contain multiple Constraint Sets and
Model, Constraint commands Model, Load commands Femap models can contain multiple Constraint Sets and

Femap models can contain multiple Constraint Sets and Load Sets

Constraints and Loads can be assigned to geometry or meshes

For loads, the Model Info window allows:

Creation, editing, highlighting, and deletion of Load and Constraint sets.

Creation, editing, highlighting, and deletion of individual Loads, Load Definitions, Constraints, and Constraint Definitions.

Creation and editing of Body, Nonlinear, Dynamic, and Heat Transfer loads and settings.

, Dynamic, and Heat Transfer loads and settings. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Model Objects and Commands – Meshing

Mesh Control and Multi- element Meshing

Single Nodes

Single Elements

Mesh, Mesh Control, commands

   

Mesh, Geometry commands

Model, Node… command

Model, Element… command

Model, Node… command Model, Element… command Additional mesh creation and editing tools are available

Additional mesh creation and editing tools are available through the Meshing Toolbox

editing tools are available through the Meshing Toolbox CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Model Objects and Commands - Analysis

Analyze

View Results (Postprocess)

Report

   

List, Output,

Model, Analysis command

View, Select… (F5) View, Options… (F6) View, Advanced Post… commands

commands

Data Table

 

operations

Generate and submit analysis with the Model, Analysis command

The PostProcessing Toolbox is the primary interface for generating graphical display of simulation results with:

Deformed plots and/or

Contour plots

Freebody diagrams

The Post toolbar also has shortcuts to display deformed and contour plots

Use the Data Table and the set of List, Output commands to generate a table of results

of List, Output commands to generate a table of results CT 1900 – Student Guide for
of List, Output commands to generate a table of results CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Overview of the Femap Graphical User Interface (GUI)

Femap’s GUI has multiple components:

• Model graphics pane

• Multiple models can be opened and displayed simultaneously

• Dynamic zoom, pan and rotation supported via the mouse or through the use of a 3D mouse device

• Command menus - user customizable

• Toolbars - user customizable

• Docked, floating and stackable “panes”

• Status and Tray Bar on the bottom of the Femap window

• Status and Tray Bar on the bottom of the Femap window CT 1900 – Student

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Model Units

Femap is unit-less and does not track or maintain consistent units Likewise, most FEA solvers are unit-less.

But…

• Femap standard material and beam section property libraries use in-lbs units

• Solid geometry defaults to inches on desktop and to meters in Femap model databases (.modfem and .NEU files). Conversion of geometry units from meters use the Geometry Scale Factor.

• Parasolid (regardless of product) always stores data in meters

Units conversion tool lets user convert units of data in model

User must be aware of current units system being used

• You can use the File, Notes command to make a notation for future reference and to add a comment in the analysis file.

The following two pages have charts that show consistent unit values that should be used to obtain accurate results.

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Model Data Input to Achieve Accurate Results – Structural Problems

Femap model data should be input with values in the following units when using NX Nastran as the solver for a structural solution:

Model Data

English lbf – in- s

SI mN – mm - s

SI N – mm - s

SI N – m - s

Length

inches

mm

mm

m

Mass Density

lbm/in 3

kg/mm 3

Tonnes/mm 3

kg/m 3

Force

lbf

mN

N

N

Stress,

       

Pressure,

Modulus of

Elasticity and

psi

kPa

MPa

Pa

Shear

Modulus

Moment,

       

Torque

lbf/in

N/mm

N/mm

N/m

Velocity

in/sec

mm/sec

mm/sec

m/s

Acceleration

in/sec 2

mm/sec 2

mm/sec 2

m/sec 2

Temperature

F

C

C

C

Coefficient of

       

Thermal

in/degF

mm/degC

mm/degC

m/degC

Expansion

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Model Data Input to Achieve Accurate Results – Thermal Problems

Femap model data should be input with values in the following units when using NX Nastran as the solver for a thermal solution:

Model Data

English lbf – in- s

SI N – mm – s

SI mN – mm – s

SI N – m – s

Length

inches

mm

mm

m

Mass Density

lbm/in 3

kg/mm 3

Tonne/mm 3

kg/m 3

Temperature

F

C

C

C

Coefficient of

       

Thermal

in/F

mm/C

mm/C

m/C

Expansion

Energy

lbf-in

µJ

mJ

J

Thermal

       

Conductivity

lbf/sec-F

µW/mm-C

mW/mm-C

W/m-C

Specific Heat

lbf/sec 2 -F

µJ/kg-C

mJ/Tonne-C

J/kg-C

Heat Transfer

 

µW/mm 2

mW/mm 2

W/mm 2

Coefficient

lbf/in-sec-F

Heat

       

Generation

lbf-in/sec

µW

mW

W

(Flux)

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Units Conversion

Use the Tools, Convert Units command to convert units.

• Convert all quantities using conversion of basic units

• Convert specific entities with individual conversion factors

E.g. convert N-mm units in model to N-m

• Length: 0.001 m = 1 mm

• Mass: 1000 kg = 1 tonne

• Force: 1 N = 1 N

• Energy: 0.001 N•m = 1 N•mm

• Force: 1 N = 1 N • Energy: 0.001 N•m = 1 N•mm CT 1900

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Model File Formats

Femap models are stored as binary .modfem files

• Femap model files saved in versions prior to Femap v10.2 are stored as .mod files

• Femap automatically converts older version .mod or .modfem files to the current version of Femap

• When this conversion occurs, you are presented the FEMAP Neutral File Converter message box, then the Neutral File Read Options dialog box, where you confirm the options for converting from the older model file.

the options for conver ting from the older model file. A Femap Neutral File ( .NEU

A Femap Neutral File (.NEU file extension) is a Ascii text file and can be exported from

Femap using the command, File, Export, Femap Neutral. This command allows you

to write a Neutral file for an earlier version of Femap (v4.1 through the current release of

Femap).

• Entities not supported in the earlier version of Femap will be ignored in writing the Femap Neutral File.

Femap Neutral files are read into Femap files using the command File, Import, Femap Neutral. The Neutral File Read Options dialog box allows the selective import of geometry, mesh, output, groups and/or views into the active Femap model.

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Preferences

Preferences are used to configure Femap for optimum performance and the way you prefer to work. These are described in detail in the Femap Commands manual and in Femap’s online help.

• Preferences are stored in the femap.ini file under the main Femap installation folder

• If you specify a different Start In location for your Femap startup shortcut, Femap will first look in that location for a femap.ini file and use the preferences set in that file. In addition, any changes to preferences will automatically be stored in the femap.ini file in that folder.

• If no femap.ini file exists in your startup folder, changes will be made to the femap.ini file in the main Femap installation folder, provided that you have write permission for that folder.

Set preferences with the File, Preferences command for:

Messages

Views

Render

User Interface

Database

Geometry/Model

Interfaces

Library/Startup

Color

Spaceball

The following pages describe four (4) of the most important Preferences settings: Geometry/Model, Render, Database and Library/Startup.

Geometry/Model , Render , Database and Library/Startup . CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Preferences – Geometry/Model – Solid Geometry Scale Factor

Select between the Parasolid or Standard geometry engines for your Femap model. The Parasolid engine is recommended, otherwise, only wireframe geometry can be imported, created and/or edited.

• You can modify the Geometry Engine and allow editing of solids in a part initially created using the Standard Geometry Engine by changing the Femap preference to Parasolid.

Femap stores geometry in meters. The Solid Geometry Scale Factor is used to internally store your geometry units as meters in Parasolid.

• For example, if you select Inches, the Scale Factor is 39.37 (inches/meter). Femap uses the inverse of this number to store the geometry in its model database (1 inch = .0254 meters).

• This scaling will allow you to import and model parts that are outside of the Parasolid modeling limits ( +/-500 x 500 x 500).

of the Parasolid modeling limits ( +/-500 x 500 x 500). Note: If you import geometry

Note: If you import geometry with a different scale other than the file’s original scale,

Note: If you import geometry with a different scale other than the file’s original scale,

new or modified geometry will be out of scale with the imported geometry.

new or modified geometry will be out of scale with the imported geometry.

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Preferences – Render Tab

The Render dialog box lets you control the level of functionality that you have while in Render mode.

Hardware Acceleration can be toggled off if your graphics card drivers are causing instability in Femap, or if your graphics card does not fully support OpenGL, such as in a laptop without a graphics accelerator chip.

• Including less entities with the Include In Dynamic Rotation option will speed up dynamic rotation of large models.

Advanced/Debug messages can be turned on to help the Development team diagnose complex geometry issues if they arise.

• Setting the BitBlt Delay can be used to help with performance on consumer or game-oriented graphics cards.

performanc e on consumer or game-oriented graphics cards. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Graphics Card Performance Considerations

Desktop area resolution should be taken into consideration when using Femap. Having

a very fine screen resolution can increase the time animations need to generate and the time individual windows need to refresh.

If Femap appears to be having graphics errors, it could be the driver for your graphics card. Update the drivers for your graphics card often!

Drivers from the manufacturers of the graphics card chipset tend to be more stable then the drivers from the maker of the graphics card. (e.g. use an ATI or nVidia driver vs. an ASUS driver)

card. (e.g. use an ATI or nVidia driver vs. an ASUS driver) CT 1900 – Student

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Preferences – Database Tab

The Database tab defines various performance settings:

Database Options

Database Performance

Timed Save

Scratch Directory

Click the Database Options Help button for detailed information on settings in this tab.

• Note that any changes made in the Database tab requires you to exit and to start a new Femap session.

tab requires you to exit and to start a new Femap session. CT 1900 – Student

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Preferences – Database – Scratch Directory

This option specifies the location of Femap’s Scratch Directory folder where temporary, scratch, and recovery files are written during a Femap session

• If this option is left blank, Femap will write its temporary files to the Windows TEMP folder location

• When a Windows TEMP variable is not defined, the location of the Femap scratch files defaults to your Documents and Settings\USERNAME\Local Settings\Temp folder. In many cases, this is a location on the network other than your local PC.

• Setting the Femap Scratch folder or setting the TEMP variable to a network file location may seriously degrade Femap’s performance and dramatically increase file save times. In addition, if your network fails for any reason, any opened files in a Femap session have the potential to be corrupted.

• Exit and restart Femap after changing the Scratch Directory folder.

restart Femap after changing the Scratch Directory folder. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 1

The FEA Modeling Process Using Femap

Femap Preferences – Database – Database Performance

These options specify:

Database Memory Limit - sets the maximum amount of system memory that FEMAP will use to hold parts of the model and results in memory.

Max Cached Label - sets the largest label for which FEMAP will reserve memory. This option must be set to a ID higher than any entity in the model.

• Default value is 5,000,000

Blocks/Page - sets the "page" size. The optimum setting of this number often depends on the speed of the disk and controller.

• Generally, this should only be changed with high-speed physical drives and/or disk-caching enabled.

Open/Save Method – generally this should be changed only when you experience very slow opening and saving of Femap models.

• The Read/Write Test may be used to determine which Open/Save Method should work best on the current machine. When finished, results of the test will be written to the Messages window and the "recommended" setting will be displayed in the Open/Save Method drop-down.

will be displayed in the Open/Save Method drop-down. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 2

Purpose

The FEMAP User Interface – Part 1

This lesson provides an overview of the Femap User Interface.

Topics

• Femap Main Window Layout

• Graphics Windows

• Femap Main Menus

• Toolbars and Customizable Menus

• View Manipulation – Part 1

• Dockable Panes

• Model Info Tree

• Entity Editor

• Status Bar and Tray

• Right Mouse Button

• Entity Selection

• Setting the Pick or “Snap” Mode

• Locate and Vector Dialog Boxes

• Shortcut Keys

• Online Help

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Femap Main Window Layout

Femap Main

Menu

Femap Title Bar

1 Femap Main Window Layout Femap Main Menu Femap Title Bar Named Tab for Graphics Windows
Named Tab for Graphics Windows Tabs for “Stacked” dockable panes Femap Graphics Window Floating dockable
Named Tab for Graphics Windows
Tabs for “Stacked”
dockable panes
Femap Graphics Window
Floating dockable
pane

Current Model Status (FEMAP Menu Help when in command)

FEMAP Status and Tray bar

FEMAP Trays

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Graphics Windows

Femap’s graphics windows have the ability to display:

• Wireframe, hidden line, or rendered FEA models

• XY plots of functions and analysis results.

Multiple Models can be opened at the same time each with multiple views.

• A single model with multiple views has the view name displayed in the view tab

• When multiple models are open, each view has their view tab displayed as Model Name : View Name

has their view tab displayed as Model Name : View Name CT 1900 – Student Guide

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Graphics Windows (continued)

Dynamic Viewing

• Views can be dynamically rotated, zoomed, and panned using the mouse.

• Through the use of a supported SpaceBall device

True Windows - provide easy transfer from Femap to other Windows programs.

• Cut and Paste

• Windows Metafiles

• JPEG, BITMAP, GIF, TIFF, and PNG picture file formats

• AVI and Animated GIF animation files

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Femap Main Menus

Provides access to most Femap operations through drop-down menus.

• Menu commands displays short-cut keys (hotkeys) and shows toolbar icons on menu (includes user-defined shortcut keys and icons, when assigned)

user-defined s hortcut keys and icons, when assigned) CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Customize Dialog Box

Toolbars

• Turns toolbars on and off

• Create and delete user- defined toolbars.

Commands

• Add regular and user- defined commands to an existing menu or toolbar.

Keyboard

• Designate and manage shortcut keys (hotkey) combinations for specific commands.

User Commands

(hotkey) combinations for specific commands. User Commands • Create and manage user -defined commands. Options •

Create and manage user-defined commands.

Options

• Set options on the toolbars such as using large icons, showing tooltips (with or without shortcut keys), and menu animation options (options are selected for ALL toolbars).

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Toolbars

Dockable Toolbars

• Toolbars can be docked anywhere around the perimeter of the main Femap window.

• When “docked”, toolbars can be placed next to one another or “stacked” on top of one another.

next to one another or “stacked” on top of one another. Floating Toolbars • Toolbars can
next to one another or “stacked” on top of one another. Floating Toolbars • Toolbars can

Floating Toolbars

• Toolbars can be “peeled” off the perimeter of the main Femap window and made to “float” anywhere within the main Femap window.

• “Floating” toolbars can be reshaped.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Customizing Toolbars

Three (3) methods to customize or create a new toolbar:

• Select the Tools, Toolbars, Customize command

Right-click in a toolbar pane or outside of any Femap pane

• Click the Customize icon (down-arrow icon) on a docked or floating toolbar and then select Customize from the context-sensitive menu.

Clicking the Down icon in a toolbar Clicking the Down icon in a toolbar allows
Clicking the Down icon in a toolbar
Clicking the Down icon in a toolbar
allows direct access to that toolbar
allows direct access to that toolbar
and has options to disable
and has options to disable
commands in that toolbar.
commands in that toolbar.
commands in that toolbar. commands in that toolbar. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Creating Custom Toolbars

Click the New button inside the Toolbars tab, then give the new toolbar a unique name.

the Toolbars tab, then give the ne w toolbar a unique name. 1. Click the Commands

1. Click the Commands tab and choose a category.

2. “Drag” the desired command or menu onto the blank toolbar

3. Alter any icons using the individual icon editing tools explained on the previous page

4. Close the Customize dialog box and start using the new user toolbar.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Toolbars – Icon Editing Menu

While the Customize Dialog box is open, you can also edit individual icons by placing the cursor over any icon and clicking the right mouse button. This will bring up a menu as follows:

right mouse butt on. This will bring up a menu as follows: CT 1900 – Student

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

View Manipulation

View Rotation, Zooming and Panning

View Orientation Toolbar

Entity Display Toolbar

View Toolbar

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

View Rotation, Zooming and Panning

Views can be dynamically manipulated with the mouse by holding a mouse button and keys and dragging the mouse in the Graphics window:

Action

No command active

While a command is active

Rotate

Left or Middle mouse button

Middle mouse button

Pan

Ctrl+Left or Ctrl+Middle mouse button

Ctrl+Middle mouse button

Zoom

Shift+Left or Shift+Middle mouse button

Shift+Middle mouse button

The mouse’s Scroll wheel can be used for dynamic zooming.

Femap Preferences can be modified to swap the use of the Ctrl and Shift keys for dynamic viewing.

• Located under the User Interface tab, Mouse Interface options.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

View Orientation Toolbar

The View Orientation toolbar allows you to rapidly reorient a view to one of Femap’s standard nine (9) views.

• This toolbar is not activated as part of the standard Femap GUI layout, you will need to activate and place it.

Femap GUI layout, you will need to activate and place it. The Isometric , Dimetric ,

The Isometric, Dimetric, and Trimetric view orientation(s) can be modified using Femap’s Preferences.

• Select the View tab and set the angles for these views under the View and Dynamic Rotation section.

As an alternative, you can use the View, Rotate, Model command (F8 hotkey) to rotate or orient views.

• Version 10 added the option to “Rotate Around” any coordinate system, including those defined by the user.

coor dinate system, including those defined by the user. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Entity Display Toolbar

The Entity Display toolbar toggles the display of different entity types within a Graphics window.

Coordinate

Systems
Systems

Text

Constraints

Nodes

Surfaces

Coordinate Systems  Text Constraints Nodes  Surfaces  View Analysis Model Toggle Toggle  View
Coordinate Systems  Text Constraints Nodes  Surfaces  View Analysis Model Toggle Toggle  View
Coordinate Systems  Text Constraints Nodes  Surfaces  View Analysis Model Toggle Toggle  View

View Analysis Model Toggle

Toggle
Toggle

View Labels

View Geometry Toggle

Curves

Regions

Connectors

Elements

Loads

Points

Note:

Note:

Display of aeroelasticity components (Panel, Mesh, Spline and Control

Display of aeroelasticity components (Panel, Mesh, Spline and Control

Surfaces) are toggled using the Aeroelasticity toolbar.

Surfaces) are toggled using the Aeroelasticity toolbar.

Surfaces) are toggled using the Aeroelasticity toolbar. Surfaces) are toggled using the Aeroelasticity toolbar.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Entity Display Control with the View Visibility dialog box

The View Visibility dialog box controls the display of entities in a manner similar to the Entity Display toolbar, but in more detail.

• Access via the View, Visibility command, the Ctrl+Q hotkey or by clicking the View Visibility icon on the View toolbar.

clicking the View Visibility icon on the View toolbar. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap
clicking the View Visibility icon on the View toolbar. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

View Toolbar

The View toolbar allows control of the active view orientation, magnification, view style, and layers.

view orientation, magnification, view style, and layers. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101 -

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

View Toolbar – View Style Icon Pulldown Menu

The View Style menu controls settings for view type (wireframe, hidden line, etc.), mesh display, element colors, mesh size indicators and other commonly used display settings.

size indicators and other commonly used display settings. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Dockable Panes

There are eight (8) standard dockable panes

Model Info

Meshing Toolbox

PostProcessing Toolbox

Entity Editor

Entity Info

Data Table

Data Surface Editor

Messages Window

Two other dockable panes are available for customization of Femap:

Program File

API Programming

Can be turned on and off using the Tools menu and the Panes toolbar.

Panes can be resized when docked or floating.

toolbar. Panes can be resized when docked or floating. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Dockable Panes – Display Configurations

Panes can be shown on the screen in a few different configurations

• Floating

• Docked

• Docked and “Stacked” (click Tab to activate Pane)

• Docked and Tabbed (Retracted) – Place cursor over tab to have pane “fly-out” and be used (Docked and Tabbed Panes can also be “Stacked”)

The Push Pin Icon is used to toggle a dockable pane from simply “Docked” to
The Push Pin Icon is used to toggle a dockable
pane from simply “Docked” to “Docked and
Tabbed”.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Dockable Panes - Positioning

Docking position indicators are used to position Dockable Panes in specific places in the interface and can also be used to “stack” the panes.

• Docking locations appear as arrows.

Docking position indicators only appear when a dockable pane is being dragged from one position to another.

• An outline of where the pane will be positioned will appear when the cursor is placed over a specific Indicator.

when the cursor is placed over a specific Indicator. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Messages Pane

Can be turned on and off using the Tools, Other Windows, Messages menu or with the Messages icon on the Panes toolbar.

• Provides information on commands Femap is performing, and their status.

on commands Fem ap is performing, and their status. • The Messages pane is also the

• The Messages pane is also the default location for listing the results of Tools, Check and List commands

• The command List, Destination is used to toggle on and off results of List commands to the Messages pane. This command can also be used to specify listing out to a file.

command can also be used to specify listing out to a file. • Error listings are

• Error listings are also sent to the Messages pane.

Font, font size and text colors for the Messages pane are set using the File, Preferences command under the Messages tab.

Undock the Messages pane by double-clicking on its title bar. To return it to its previous docked location and size, double click its title bar again.

• The Messages pane can be resized when docked or floating.

Copy or Save Information from List

• Highlight and Cut or Copy

Data Table information can be pasted into the Messages pane

Note:

Note:

When typing in the Messages window, anytime you type a shortcut key, the

When typing in the Messages window, anytime you type a shortcut key, the

command assigned to the key will be invoked.

command assigned to the key will be invoked.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Messages Pane – Other Options

Format contents of the Messages window with the context sensitive pop-up menu (right- mouse click).

the context sens itive pop-up menu (right- mouse click). CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Model Info Pane

Can be turned on and off using the Tools, Model Info command or with the Panes toolbar.

Provides quick access to “top-level” entities in Femap through an easy to navigate tree structure.

Top-level items found in the tree include:

Coordinate Systems

Geometry – Solids and Sheet Solids Only

Connections

Properties

Regions

Connectors

Aero Model

Model

Elements

Materials

Properties

Layups

Loads and Constraints

Functions

Data Surfaces

Analyses – Analysis Sets

Results – Output Sets

Views

Groups

Layers

Selection List

Active objects appear as blue bold text

• Selection List Active objects appear as blue bold text CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Model Info Pane – Additional Features and Selection List

Context-Sensitive menus available for each item in the Model Tree by highlighting an item then clicking the right mouse button.

Multiple entities can be highlighted at the same time in order to perform operations on all of the entities at once.

Active Entity of each entity type is displayed with Blue text in the tree.

Selection List – used when Select Multiple is active in the Select Toolbar.

• Lists each entity type currently in the selection set

• Displays the number of entities of each entity type in parentheses

the number of entities of each entity type in parentheses CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Model Info Pane – Icons

Femap User Interface – Part 1 Model Info Pane – Icons • Collapse/Expand All • Collapses
•

Collapse/Expand All

• Collapses or expands ALL categories in the Model Info tree at once. Can be used to only show what you need to view specific entities.

•

Reload From Model

• Reloads the Model Info tree with all current information from the model. Always collapses the whole tree completely.

•

Reset All Visibility Options

• Toggles the display of all entities on

•

Send To Data Table

• Sends selected data to the Data Table pane for sorting, filtering, and evaluation. The Data Table MUST be open and unlocked for this icon to be used.

Table MUST be open and unlo cked for this icon to be used. Show When Selected

Show When Selected pull down

Toggle on/off and settings for highlighting of selected objects. Similar to the Window, Show Entities command.

Note:

Note:

Defaults for Show When Selected can be set in the Show Entities

Defaults for Show When Selected can be set in the Show Entities

Defaults section found on the User Interface tab of the Preferences dialog

Defaults section found on the User Interface tab of the Preferences dialog

box.

box.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Model Info Tree – Context Sensitive Menus

Context-Sensitive menus are available for each item in the Model Tree by highlighting an item then clicking the right mouse button.

Menu is different for each entity type in the tree.

Some context sensitive menu commands require that multiple entities be chosen to activate a command. (e.g., MultiSet Animate)

• Select individual entities while holding down the CTRL key.

• Hold down the SHIFT key and select a first entity and a last entity to select a continuous list of entities.

and a last entity to select a continuous list of entities. CT 1900 – Student Guide

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Entity Editor

Turn on and off the Entity Editor pane with the Tools, Entity Editor menu or with the Panes toolbar.

Provides information of specific entities in Femap displayed using different types of fields. The types of fields include:

Numeric Value - Enables you to enter a numeric value for a specific field

Text - Text can be typed directly into these fields. Usually in a Title, Text, or Notes field

Drop-down menu button - Button has arrow facing down. Lists options for that can be selected for a particular field.

Options button - Button has three dots. Brings up the color palette or a dialog box that is used to change the information in that specific field.

Read Only - Cannot be changed. Shown in Blue text.

• Read Only - Cannot be changed. Shown in Blue text. CT 1900 – Student Guide

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Entity Editor (continued)

Entities can be sent to the Entity Editor using the following entry methods:

Model Info pane

• When an entity in the tree is highlighted, it will appear in the Entity Editor (Analyses and entities in the Selection List from the tree will not populate the Entity Editor when highlighted)

Select Toolbar

• When activated, the last chosen entity will appear in the Entity Editor pane.

Data Table pane

• Once the Data Table has entity data in it, every time a row containing entity data in the table is highlighted, it will appear in the Entity Editor.

is highlighted, it will appear in the Entity Editor . CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Entity Editor – Icons

The Femap User Interface – Part 1 Entity Editor – Icons • Lock/Unlock Toggle - When
•

Lock/Unlock Toggle - When unlocked, the Entity Editor will always display the entity that was last selected using an entity entry method. When locked, the data in the Entity Editor will remain there until the pane is unlocked.

•

Copy to Clipboard - Copies the current data in the Entity Editor to the clipboard so it can be pasted into the Messages window or an outside program

•

Clear All – clears the contents of Entity Editor window. Does not delete the entity.

•

Categorized - Default listing method of the Entity Editor. For each entity, groups similar parameters, options, and settings together for more efficient use.

•

Alphabetic - Displays all the fields without any categories in alphabetical order

•

Collapse/Expand All - Collapses or expands ALL categories in the Entity Editor at once. Can be used to only show what you need to modify specific entities.

•

Reload From Model - Reloads the Entity Editor fields with the values that are currently in the model for the chosen entity. Use this to recover the original values for all the fields, except for modifications made with a prior Update Model action.

•

Update Model - Applies any changes made in the Entity Editor to a chosen entity and saves the changes to the model database

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Entity Editor – Other Options

Expand/Collapse toggles

• Allow you to collapse and expand individual categories and sub-categories inside the Entity Editor.

Entity Editor Help

• Shows a title and short description of what each field of every entity represents. Also documents the Nastran Bulk Data entry (if applicable) the field will produce when a Nastran Input File (*.DAT, *.BDF, or *.NAS file usually) is exported.

Context Sensitive Menus

• Different menus appear when the right mouse button is clicked depending on what type of field is currently highlighted. For instance, when a Text or Numerical Value field is highlighted, a menu will pop-up which will allow you to Undo (reverts to last saved value while field is still highlighted), Cut, Copy, Paste, Delete, or Select All.

Note:

You can use calculator functions (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division), as well as exponentials (i.e. 1.234E4 for 12,340 OR 5.67E-3 for 0.00567) in any real number field.

12,340 OR 5.67E-3 for 0.00567) in any real number field. CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Status Bar and Tray

Can be turned on and off using the Tools, Other Windows, Status Bar command.

• Located at bottom of Femap Main Window

• Provides running total of nodes and elements in model.

• Provides running total of nodes and elements in model. • Displays a short description of

Displays a short description of commands when in the menu structure of Femap or positioned over icon.

in the menu stru cture of Femap or positioned over icon. Tray on Right • Displays
in the menu stru cture of Femap or positioned over icon. Tray on Right • Displays

Tray on Right

• Displays and activates object sets

icon. Tray on Right • Displays and activates object sets • Properties • Load Sets •

• Properties

• Load Sets

• Constraint Sets

• Groups

• Output Sets

• Change Current Object or create a new one by clicking on a set

• Right-clicking the Status Bar brings up a customization menu which can be used to toggle individual Tray items on and off

can be used to toggle individual Tray items on and off CT 1900 – Student Guide

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Right Mouse Button

Provides quick and convenient access to common commands.

OK and Cancel for commands and dialog boxes

Previous Command

• Recalls the last command executed

Modify the Workplane.

Show Tooltips

• When activated, shows information for a highlighted entity in a “Tooltips” window (small yellow window in the main graphics window)

• Works much like Dynamic Query in previous versions of FEMAP when there is entity active in the Select toolbar

FEMAP when there is entity active in the Select toolbar CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Right Mouse Button - continued

Picking Options - Snap To, Pick Query, Pick Any Inside, Pick All Inside

• See section on setting the “snap” mode”

Select

• This menu of options allows you to control which coordinates will be selected when you use the graphics cursor to pick a location.

when you use the graphics cursor to pick a location. CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Right Mouse Button - continued

Equations

• Brings up the Equation Editor in FEMAP (a field must be highlighted in a dialog box for this option to be available).

in a dialog box for this option to be available). Visibility , Post Data , and

Visibility, Post Data, and XY Data

• Convenient method of changing view parameters

• Menu commands for these option several layers down, right mouse button provided easy access

several layers down, right mouse button provided easy access CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Entity Selection Dialog Box

The Entity Selection dialog box is used by commands to build a list of entity IDs that will be used for the operation.

• The Add method allows you to graphically, and through Methods, add entity IDs to the list of IDs.

• The Remove method allows you to graphically remove entity IDs from the list, and is dependant on the order you removed the entities. So if you were to add the entity ID after removing, it would still be included in the list.

• The Exclude method allows you to exclude entity IDs permanently from the list (Used primarily with Groups)

• The Delete command will delete the entity ID from the list.

• Selection methods with the Method button vary depending on the entity type.

with the Method button vary depending on the entity type. CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Entity Selection Dialog Box - Continued

The Entity Selection dialog box is used by commands to build a list of entity IDs that will be used for the operation.

The Pick button allows you to:

• Switch between Normal, Front, and Query picking

• Select entities graphically from the screen using a Box, Circle, Polygon, or Freehand shape

• Hotkeys are available for the following:

Box – press and hold the Shift key

Circle – press and hold the Ctrl key

Polygon – press and hold the Ctrl+Shift keys

• Select based on Coordinate(s), Around a Point, Around a Vector, or Around a Plane

• Specify options for selecting Combined Curves and Boundary Surfaces

• Add additional entities based on entities already selected using Add Connected Fillets and Add Tangent Surfaces

• Select entities matching the Color selected from a color palette.

Select From List button. For objects that have "T itles" the "Select from List" button can be used button. For objects that have "Titles" the "Select from List" button can be used to choose entities from a list dialog box. Ctrl+L in a dialog box field brings up the list of "Titled" entities.

The Preview button graphically highlight s the entities selected. Preview button graphically highlights the entities selected.

button graphically highlight s the entities selected. Note: Clicking the icon in a Femap Entity Selection

Note: Clicking the

Note: Clicking the icon in a Femap Entity Selection dialog box takes you directly to the

icon in a Femap Entity Selection dialog box takes you

directly to the Femap User Guide through on-line help and has a table of all

the Selection methods for each entity type.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Using the Filter in the Select from List Dialog Box

When the Select from List dialog box is used, you can filter the selection list to reduce the number of entries to select from .

list to reduce the number of entries to select from . • Enter the filter string

• Enter the filter string and push the Filter those entries that contain the filter string

• You can enter additional filter strings or push the Clear All Filters clear your filter and return to the original, unfiltered selection list.

icon to reduce the search list to the

ed selection list. icon to reduce the search list to the icon to CT 1900 –

icon to

list. icon to reduce the search list to the icon to CT 1900 – Student Guide

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Setting the Pick or “Snap” Mode

For any Femap operation where a location is used to specify a coordinate, you can set the Pick or “Snap Mode” to one of four types:

Snap to Screen (default)

Snap to Grid – snaps to the nearest grid location on the current XY Workplane regardless whether the workplane’s display is toggled on or off.

Snap to Point – location snaps to the nearest point on the visible model. Points do not need to be displayed.

Snap to Node – location snaps to the nearest node on the visible model. Nodes do not need to be displayed.

on the visible model. Nodes do not need to be displayed. The snap mode can be

The snap mode can be specified by either:

Using the standard context- sensitive menu activated by clicking the right mouse button in the Graphics pane.

Using the Snap Mode pull- down menu on the Select toolbar.

The current Snap Mode is always displayed on the Select toolbar.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Locate Dialog Box

Whenever a location is required in Femap, the Locate – Enter … dialog box will appear.

• Enter coordinates directly (relative to specified Coordinate System) or

• Click the Methods button to change the method of specifying a location

• See section 4.3.1 Entity Selection in the Femap User Manual (user.pdf). Note: Setting the
• See section 4.3.1 Entity Selection
in the Femap User Manual
(user.pdf).
Note: Setting the Method in the Locate dialog
box does NOT change the Snap Mode

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Vector Locate Dialog Box

Whenever a vector is required in Femap, the Vector Locate – Select Vector … dialog box will appear.

• Enter coordinates directly (relative to specified Coordinate System) or

• Click the Methods button to change the definition method of the vector.

button to change the definiti on method of the vector. Note: To change the Method of

Note: To change the Method of specifying the coordinates of the vector, place the cursor in one of the coordinate boxes, and press the Ctrl+Z hotkey.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Plane Locate Dialog Box

Whenever a Plane is required in Femap, the Plane Locate – Specify Plane … dialog box will appear.

• Enter coordinates directly (relative to specified Coordinate System) or

• Click the Methods button to change the definition method of a plane.

Methods button to change the definit ion method of a plane. Note: To change the method

Note: To change the method of specifying the coordinates of the plane, place the cursor in one of the coordinate boxes, and press the Ctrl+Z hotkey.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Shortcut Keys

Femap contains preprogrammed shortcut keys for commonly used commands.

F5 - View Select

F6 - View Options

F8 - View Rotate

Ctrl+D - View Redraw

Ctrl+A - View Autoscale Visible

Ctrl+G - View Regenerate

Ctrl+Z – Undo

• See Appendix A of the Femap User Guide for a complete list of preprogrammed shortcut keys

• Preprogrammed Keys shown on Menu Structure

Dialogue Box Keys – available when in a command.

Ctrl+A - Measure an Angle

Ctrl+C - Windows Copy

Ctrl+D - Measure a Distance

Ctrl+Z - Use Standard Coordinate Selection Dialog Box to define location.

• And Many More (See Appendix A of User Guide)

Customizable Shortcut Keys – Use the Tools, Toolbar, Customize command

• Customized shortcut keys can be saved to a .LAYOUT file and imported into other installations of Femap.

• In some cases, importing a .LAYOUT file with customized shortcut keys only into a new version of Femap will not recreate some or all of the customized shortcut keys.

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

Creating Customized Shortcut Keys

Click the customize triangle on any toolbar and select Customize from the menu, then choose the Keyboard tab.

Choose a Category from the drop down list, then highlight the command from the Commands list.

Once the command is highlighted, place the cursor in the Press new shortcut key field and key in a new character or keyboard combination.

If the key or keyboard combination has already been defined, FEMAP will bring up a dialog box stating “This shortcut is currently assigned. Do you want to re-assign this shortcut?”

By clicking the Yes button, the key or keyboard combination will be added to the “Key assignments:” list and replace the previous command assigned to that key.

After you have chosen the correct key or keyboard combination, click the Assign button.

key or keyboard combination, click the Assign button. Note: When typing in the Messages window, any

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

On-Line Help

Menu Help - Femap provides description of each command while pointing at it or accessing it on the Status Bar .

Help is context sensitive

• Access a command

• Click F1 to access HELP

Help Window will appear with description of the current command.

Shift + F1 to choose a command with the “What’s This?” cursor.

Notes:

Femap Help does not work in Google’s Chrome browser.

With Internet Explorer, enable the option, Allow active content to run in files on My Computer, in order for the Femap Help system to operate properly.

option, Allow active content to run in files on My Computer, in order for the Femap

Lesson 2

The Femap User Interface – Part 1

FEMAP Help Menu

Full On-Line Help System accessed through the Help Menu.

Toolbars

Dockable Panes

NX Nastran – access the complete NX Nastran documentation set

What’s New

Examples

Using Help

Programming – access the API Programming Guide

Basic Language – access when the API Programming window is open

Tip of the Day

Femap on the Web

Technical Support – access FEMAP Technical Support via the web

About – access to licensing info and input of license keys

– access to licensing info and input of license keys CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Purpose

This lesson provides an overview of the Femap’s geometry import, creation and editing tools.

Topics

Geometry Overview

Parasolid Geometry Kernel

Geometry Import

Solids Overview

Geometry Cleanup

Geometry Preparation Command

Wireframe Geometry Creation and Modification

Surface Geometry Creation and Editing

Solid Geometry and Editing

General Geometry Modification Tools

Additional Geometry Tools for Meshing

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Geometry Overview

Femap supports the creation and modification of wireframe, surface, and solid geometry using the Parasolid geometry kernel

Femap reads multiple CAD formats

Femap geometry creation and editing

• Points, 2D and 3D curves

• Surfaces

• Solid creation and editing operations

• Supports Solid, Sheet and Non-manifold Bodies

• Midplane surface extraction and editing (to be covered in a separate lesson)

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Parasolids Geometry Kernel

Parasolid geometry is always stored in SI (meters) no matter what unit it is created in.

• Parasolid has a “box” with dimensions of 1000 x 1000 x 1000 with it’s origin at the center of the box

• Default Coincident Point Tolerance of 1.0E-8

• Parallel Tolerance of 1.0E-11 Radians

• Independent of product (Femap, UG NX, Solid Edge, etc.)

From the Parasolid documentation:

• “To allow precision to be handled correctly, all parts of a body must be within this box…”

• “It is highly recommended to set the default unit in your application code to one meter…”

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Solid Geometry Scale Factor

Scaling of geometry is managed in Femap with the Solid Geometry Scale Factor.

• Set in Femap’s preferences under the Geometry/Model tab

• e.g. - When the models length is in millimeters, a length of 1.0 mm on the desktop will be stored as .001 meters in the database

• Effectively scales the “box” to +/- 500,000 mm in X, Y, and Z from the origin.

Can also be set in the Solid Model Read Options dialog box for Parasolid and ACIS files and the STEP Read Options dialog box for STEP.

• When the dialog boxes are opened, the Geometry Scale Factor reflects Femap’s preference.

• Geometry Scale Factor for Meters = 1

• Geometry Scale Factor for Inches = 39.37

• Geometry Scale Factor for Millimeters = 1000

= 39.37 • Geometry Scale Factor for Millimeters = 1000 Note: If you change the Geometry

Note:

If you change the Geometry Scale Factor to a value other than the value of Femap’s preference in one of these dialog boxes, Femap’s preference will update to the input value.

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Geometry Importing

Import geometry with the File, Import, Geometry command.

Import Geometry icon can be found on the Model toolbar

Import Geometry icon can be found on the Model toolbar Direct CAD Interfaces • Solid Edge

Direct CAD Interfaces

• Solid Edge (.par, .psm, .pwd, .asm)

• NX Unigraphics (.prt)

• NX I-deas (.idi)

• Pro/Engineer (.prt, .asm)

• Catia v4 (.mdl, .exp, .dlv)

• Catia v5 (.catP*) – optional

• SolidWorks (.sldprt, .sldasm)

Standard CAD Interfaces

• Parasolid

• ACIS

• STEP (AP 203 Solids, AP 214 Surfaces)

• IGES

• DXF

• STL – reads .stl files as triangular surface mesh

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Geometry Updates from CAD

When solid geometry is imported from a CAD file, a reference to the source file of the geometry imported is created in the Femap model.

• The reference is based on the time/date stamp of the CAD file(s) imported, including modification(s) to components in an assembly.

The File, References command is used to view the status of a reference in Femap.

• If the time/date stamp is modified due to changes in the CAD model, this will be shown in the Reference Manager dialog box.

• Femap’s default preferences are set to generate references upon import and to automatically check for reference updates when opening a model.

check for reference updates when opening a model. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Solid Bodies

A Solid body is completed enclosed by surfaces and has no gaps or dangling surfaces.

• Any Solid body is shown in the Model Info pane’s Geometry tree with this icon:

in the Model Info pane’s Geometry tree with this icon: Note: Running the Tools, Mass Properties,

Note:

Running the Tools, Mass Properties, Solid Properties command will show that a Solid body has Volume.

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Sheet Bodies

Sheet bodies have one or more contiguous surfaces that do not enclose a volume

• For multi-surface Sheet bodies, all surfaces must connect on a common edge with one other surface as the Base and Side Walls solid body below.

• Since the eight Rib bodies do not connect on a common edge with any other surfaces, these are all separate Sheet bodies.

• A Sheet body is shown in the Model Info pane’s Geometry tree with the icon below.

Model Info pane’s Geometry tree with the icon below. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Non Manifold Bodies

Non Manifold bodies are connected solids that can be a combination of Solid and/or Sheet bodies.

• Creating Non Manifold bodies from mid-surfaced geometry can also be very useful for meshing purposes, as surfaces coming together at “T-Junctions” share a common curve.

• A Non Manifold body is shown in the Model Info pane’s Geometry tree with this icon:

in the Model Info pane’s Geometry tree with this icon: CT 1900 – Student Guide for

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Geometry Checking and Cleanup

After importing geometry, it is strongly recommended that you check and fix all solid geometry before attempting to mesh

• The Solid, Geometry, Cleanup command checks the validity of selected solids in your Femap model file. Options for this command are described on the next page.

Op tions for this command are described on the next page. • The Meshing Toolbox has

• The Meshing Toolbox has the Entity Locator tool to locate curves and surfaces within solids by specifying a search method and size. You will use this tool in Exercise 3b – Geometry Modification and Preparation.

in Exercise 3b – Geometry Modificati on and Preparation. CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Geometry, Solid, Cleanup Command

Remove Redundant Geometry

• Cleans curves imprinted on surfaces and merges surfaces that are part of the underlying original surface. This is the only option that is enabled when the command is executed.

• Disable this option if you want to maintain splits of surfaces such as surface to surface intersections or imprinted curves.

Remove Sliver Surfaces

• Removes small “sliver” surfaces resulting from inaccuracies in solid geometry operations.

Check Geometry

• Checks the validity of the solid. Will show that an imported solid body is in reality a sheet solid if imperfections are detected.

in reality a sheet solid if imperfect ions are detected. Match Model Scale Factor • Use

Match Model Scale Factor

• Use when solids imported are at a different Solid Geometry Scale Factor than the factor set in Femap preferences.

• Adjusts the selected solid(s) to the factor set in Femap preferences.

• Must have Check Geometry option enabled.

Advanced cleanup options - See section 3.4.2.22 of the Femap Commands manual.

• Has options to repair and remove small features.

Surface Heal and Stitch option is similar to Explode and Stitch commands. Can only be used on one solid at a time.

Note:

If you still have problems cleaning geometry for meshing, an alternative technique is to Explode the problem solid, then Stitch it back together.

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Wireframe Geometry Creation and Modification Topics

Workplanes

Wireframe Geometry Defaults

Lines

Arcs

Circles

Splines

Wireframe Geometry Modification

Boundary Surfaces

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Workplanes

The Workplane is used to define the local “X-Y” plane for 2D wireframe and some solid geometry creation commands.

Access via the Tools, Workplane command or the F2 hotkey.

Snap Options control display of the grid spacing, etc. of the workplane

control display of the grid s pacing, etc. of the workplane • Workplane display can be

• Workplane display can be toggled on and off in the Workplane Management dialog box using the Draw Workplane check box or with the View Style, Workplane icon on the View toolbar

• Grid display options in the View Options – Tools and View Style dialog box controls color and fill settings for the workplane

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Wireframe Geometry Defaults

Default colors for curves are set in Femap’s Preferences dialog box.

• Color can also be set for a model with the Tools, Parameters command or in the View Options dialog box.

Color, ID, Default Length, Spline Order, etc. are set in the Geometry Parameters dialog box.

• Press the Parameters button in the Locate - … dialog box to manage these settings.

in the Locate - … dialog box to manage these settings. CT 1900 – Student Guide

Lesson 3

Geometry Creation and Editing

Lines

Creation with the Geometry, Curve – Line commands:

• Locate on the Workplane:

Project Points

Horizontal

Vertical

Perpendicular

Parallel

Midline

At Angle

Angle to Curve

Point and Tangent

Tangent

Rectangle

• Locate in 3D space:

Continuous

Points

Coordinates

Offset

Vectored

• Points • Coordinates • Offset • Vectored CT 1900 – Student Guide for Femap 101