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area of operation, hydraulically most favourable

location in a sprinkler array of an area of operation of specified shape at which the water flow is the
maximum for a specific pressure measured at the control valve set

area of operation, hydraulically most unfavourable


location in a sprinkler array of an area of operation of specified shape at which the water supply
pressure measured at the control valve set is the maximum needed to give the specified design
density.

maximum flow demand (Qmax)


flow at the point of intersection of the pressure-flow demand characteristic, of the most favourable
area of operation of the sprinkler system, and the water supply pressure-flow characteristic, with the
suction source at its normal level.