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1.

Pendahuluan

Surabaya is the Capital of East Java Province and is the second largest city in Indonesia after
the city of Jakarta which is also an important industrial and trading city. Along with the increase
in the economic sector and population growth is also required physical development such as
roads, bridges, housing, sewerage systems and other facilities. If the development is not
environmentally sound it will cause imbalance in environment, traffic jam, and cause existence
of disturbing water puddle area. When viewed from the location of the city of Surabaya which is
near the sea, it can be said that Surabaya is located in the lowlands with a height approaching +0
m, SHVP (Surabaya Haven Vloed Peil). The altitude is parallel to sea level, and there are even
some areas in Surabaya whose altitude is below sea water. This condition causes drainage
drainage is difficult, so if there is tidal water and at the same time there is heavy rain in a long
time will result in flooding. Boezem Morokrembangan located on the northern outskirts of
Surabaya has a total area of ± 78.96 ha divided into two parts, namely the northern part with an
area of about ± 41.58 ha and the southern part with an area of about ± 39.13 ha.

Boezem Morokrembangan is the largest boezem in Surabaya with catchment area reaching
almost 25% of the total area of Surabaya City. The average depth of boezem is 3 m. These two
sections are connected to the channel under the Surabaya-Gresik highway. Next to the northern
boezem downstream there are six automatic hydraulic doors that control the discharge of water
from boezem to the sea. The existence of changes in land use that are not in accordance with the
system of urban structuring led to increased runoff. This causes the water coming into boezem to
increase. Besides the increase of water entering the boezem, there are also garbage and other
solid materials that come into the boezem. This condition leads to siltation in boezem especially
in South boezem. This causes the capacity of the effective boezem to be reduced. The effective
boost of Morokrembangan boezem is determined based on the plan during the construction
period of the rainfall data processing and the discharge of the plan at that time. Based on the
above circumstances an evaluation is needed for the northern boezem area of Morokrembangan,
whether the current boezem capacity is still able to accommodate the flood discharge that goes
to the northern boezem of Morokrembangan and how the effect of tides on disposal.

2. Environmental impact analysis of Boezem Morokrembangan

Bozem maintain that if the tide seawater then the sea water does not enter the sewer that can
lead to flooding. For 2 areas of the north and south bozem, some of these facilities are in the area
of the TNI AL. But in its development, there is a decrease in function because it becomes a
place of garbage and waste water accumulation brought from the drainage channels that leads to
the boezem. Here is the impact of boezem development :
a) Limbah dan sampah
The main problem boezem is garbage. Garbage is still a major problem in this bozem
which causes odor and disrupt the health of local people. Boezem area is considered to
include slums in surabaya. The area is crossed by the flow of Dupak channels whose
water flows from Dukuh Kupang, Girilaya and others flows to it all. So that the garbage
collected in boezem such as factory waste, household waste and water hyacinth. This is
certainly very disturbing residents around boezem. Of health sei is also very alarming
because it can cause various diseases such as disruption of respiration, diarrhea and skin
diseases. Government of Surabaya certainly not only stay silent to see this problem. It's
like deploying a janitor who cleans up the garbage every day and water hyacinth in
boezem. In addition, the residents of Gadukan, Tambak Asri and Bozem Moro
Krembangan have also been accustomed to a series of Surabaya City Government
programs related to hygiene contests such as green and clean, eco school, and an
independent race from garbage.
b) sediment buildup
Based on studies showing the mud volumes from Boezem Morokrembangan to the south
of 21,937.45 m3 / yr based on TS sediment analysis. Meanwhile, the technical handling
of existing sediments has not been maximized because curative efforts in the form of
dredging the southern part of Boezem Morokrembangan usually done. when new land
appears in boezem waters / when there are complaints from local residents.
Dredging that is not done periodically causes sediment storage facilities located on the
edge of boezem more often used by local people for clothes drying and planting of
ornamental plants. In addition, the installation of bar screens in the rivers that became the
southern Boezem Morokrembangan inlet have not been able to retain the small trash and
sediment. Technical sediment treatment that can be applied to the southern part of
Boezem Morokrembangan in the dry season is hydrosuction dredging because it is able
to remove sediment in large quantities without disturbing the function of Boezem
Morokrembangan vital south in one of the means of flood control, can pump the
sediment in long distance considering the condition of spoil bank which are dispersed
and conform to the characteristics of the sand-dominated sediment. While during the
rainy season, hydrosuction bypass is chosen to be applied in the southern part of Boezem
Morokrembangan considering the small amount of water released downstream of the
reservoir outlet so as to reduce the impact of increasing the burial load of Boezem North
Morokrembangan influenced by tidal sea water.
c) Flood
When viewed from the location of the city of Surabaya which is near the sea, it can be said that
Surabaya is located in the lowlands with a height approaching +0 m, SHVP (Surabaya Haven
Vloed Peil). The altitude is parallel to sea level, and there are even some areas in Surabaya
whose altitude is below sea water. This condition causes drainage water drainage is difficult, so
if there is tidal water and at the same time there is heavy rain in a long time will result in
flooding. Boezem Morokrembangan located on the northern outskirts of Surabaya has a total
area of ± 78.96 ha divided into two parts, namely the northern part with an area of about ±
41.58 ha and the southern part with an area of about ± 39.13 ha. Boezem Morokrembangan is
the largest boezem in Surabaya with catchment area reaching almost 25% of the total area of
Surabaya City. The average depth of boezem is 3 m. These two sections are connected to the
channel under the Surabaya-Gresik highway. Next to the northern boezem downstream there
are six automatic hydraulic doors that control the discharge of water from boezem to the sea.
When the sea water recedes, the door will open automatically and the water level in the
boezem will drop as water from boezem flows into the sea. In principle, this door works when
the boezem water level is higher than the sea level. The existence of changes in land use that
are not in accordance with the system of urban structuring led to increased runoff. This causes
water into boezem to increase. Besides increasing water coming into boezem, there are also
garbage and other solid materials that come into boezem. This condition leads to siltation in
boezem especially in South boezem. Therefore the government surabaya provide pumps
operate in a day then it can issue a discharge.