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GPS/CAD

CONVERTER
User guide

 InfoEra 2006
Content

REGISTRATION.................................................................................................................................................................. 4
TOOLBAR .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4
OPTIONS ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5
COMMANDS ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Create new project ...................................................................................................................................................... 7
Open existing project .................................................................................................................................................. 8
Save project ................................................................................................................................................................. 8
Save project as... ......................................................................................................................................................... 9
Close project ............................................................................................................................................................... 9
Export to text file ....................................................................................................................................................... 10
Export to Excel .......................................................................................................................................................... 11
Export to ESRI Shape ................................................................................................................................................ 12
Export to GPX file ..................................................................................................................................................... 13
Import from txt File ................................................................................................................................................... 14
Import from Excel ..................................................................................................................................................... 15
Import from ESRI Shape ........................................................................................................................................... 16
Import from GPX file ................................................................................................................................................ 17
Import coordinate systems ........................................................................................................................................ 18
Print the list of points ................................................................................................................................................ 19
Exit program ............................................................................................................................................................. 19
Cut selected points .................................................................................................................................................... 20
Copy selected points.................................................................................................................................................. 20
Paste points ............................................................................................................................................................... 20
Select All ................................................................................................................................................................... 20
Undo.......................................................................................................................................................................... 21
Redo .......................................................................................................................................................................... 21
Insert new point......................................................................................................................................................... 21
Delete selected points................................................................................................................................................ 22
Edit selected point ..................................................................................................................................................... 22
Activate selected point............................................................................................................................................... 23
Deactivate selected point .......................................................................................................................................... 23
Export selected points to AutoCAD ........................................................................................................................... 23
Import selected points from AutoCAD ...................................................................................................................... 23
Upload selected points to GPS receiver .................................................................................................................... 23
Download points from GPS receiver ........................................................................................................................ 24
Download routes from GPS receiver ........................................................................................................................ 24
Download tracks from GPS receiver ........................................................................................................................ 25
Help ........................................................................................................................................................................... 25
COORDINATE SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................................................... 26
Create coordinate system .......................................................................................................................................... 26
Edit coordinate system .............................................................................................................................................. 26
Delete coordinate system .......................................................................................................................................... 27
Datum........................................................................................................................................................................ 27
Ellipsoids................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Projections ................................................................................................................................................................ 30
Geodetic .................................................................................................................................................................................. 31
GEOREF ................................................................................................................................................................................. 31
Geocentric ............................................................................................................................................................................... 32
Local Cartesian ....................................................................................................................................................................... 32
Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) ............................................................................................................................... 33
Universal Tranverse Mercator (UTM) .................................................................................................................................... 33
Universal Polar Stereographic (UPS) ...................................................................................................................................... 34
Albers Equal Area Conic ........................................................................................................................................................ 34

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Azimuthal Equidistiant (S)...................................................................................................................................................... 35
British National Grid (BNG) ................................................................................................................................................... 35
Bonne ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 36
Cassini..................................................................................................................................................................................... 36
Cylindrical Equal Area............................................................................................................................................................ 37
Eckert IV (S) ........................................................................................................................................................................... 37
Eckert VI (S) ........................................................................................................................................................................... 38
Equidistant Cylindrical (S)...................................................................................................................................................... 38
Gnomonic (S) .......................................................................................................................................................................... 39
Lambert Conformal Conic (1 parallel) .................................................................................................................................... 39
Lambert Conformal Conic (2 parallel) .................................................................................................................................... 40
Mercator .................................................................................................................................................................................. 41
Miller Cylindrical (S) .............................................................................................................................................................. 41
Mollweide (S) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 42
Ney`s (Modified Lambert Conformal Conic).......................................................................................................................... 42
New Zealand Map Grid (NZMG) ........................................................................................................................................... 43
Oblique Mercator .................................................................................................................................................................... 43
Otrhographic (S) ..................................................................................................................................................................... 44
Polar Stereographic ................................................................................................................................................................. 44
Polyconic ................................................................................................................................................................................ 45
Sinusoidal ............................................................................................................................................................................... 45
Stereographic (S) .................................................................................................................................................................... 46
Transverse Cylindrical Equal Area ......................................................................................................................................... 46
Transverse Mercator ............................................................................................................................................................... 47
Van Der Grinten...................................................................................................................................................................... 47
GPS SYMBOL EDITOR..................................................................................................................................................... 48
FAQ ............................................................................................................................................................................... 49

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Registration
GPS/CAD converter program registration is called from menu Help -> Registration:

Enter the user name and the key which you got from developer and p ress „R egister“ to co m p lete registratio n. If
you will not register the program will work 30 days after first install.

Toolbar
Program commands can be called from toolbar:

- create new project;


- open existing project;
- save project;
- print the list of points;
- project options;
- cut selected points;
- copy selected points;
- paste points;
- undo;
- redo;
- insert new point;
- delete selected points;
- edit selected point;
- upload selected points to GPS receiver;
- download points from GPS receiver;

- download routes from GPS receiver;

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- download tracks from GPS receiver;
- import selected points from AutoCAD;
- export selected points to AutoCAD;
- help.

Options

Options dialog is called from menu: File -> Options... O r b y click in g to o lb ar’s button .

Editable options:

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 Coordinate system options. It is an attribute of the list of points that defines the coordinate system in
which points are projected. More about coordinate systems and the meanings of buttons New… , M o d ify…
and Remove you can read in Coordinate systems.
 Angle units types. State attribute of the list of points that defines the way of viewing LL84 coordinates.
You can choose one from the following:
o Decimal degrees;
o Degrees and decimal minutes;
o Degrees, minutes and decimal seconds.
 Measurement units. State attribute of the list of points that defines with which measurement units
coordinates X and Y are measured when points are not in LL84: World Geodetic System of 1984
coordinates. You can choose one from the following:
o Meters;
 Precision of coordinates. View attribute of the list of points that defines how many digits use after
comma in coordinates, when points are not in LL84: World Geodetic System of 1984 coordinates. You
can choose from 1 to 12.
 Precision of height. Viewing attribute of the list of points that defines haw many digits use after comma
in height value.
 Precision of distance. Viewing attribute of the list of points that defines haw many digits use after
comma in distance value.
 Precision of azimuth. Viewing attribute of the list of points that defines haw many digits use after comma
in azimuth value.
 CAD application. You can choose between AutoCAD and ProgeCAD.
 Type of point object. Defines which type of point will be inserted into AutoCAD drawing during export.
You can choose one from the following:
o Point
o F ro m b lo ck „P iketas“. If yo u cho o se th is b lo ck, yo u can m ark check p o int „D escrip tio n send to
“P iketas” field “K o d as”. If you use ProgeCAD application you should insert block piketas.dwg
to blocks directory in support path or add new support path for block piketas.dwg.
 Manufacturer name. Defines which manufacturer GPS is connected to your PC. You can choose one
from the following:
o Magellan
o Garmin
 Port. Defines to which PC COM Port GPS receiver is connected. You can choose from existing ports.
 Speed. You can choose COM port speed.
 Connection type. Defines with which connection type GPS receiver is connected to your computer. You
can choose one from the following:
o COM
o USB
 Test connection. Tests connection with GPS, if failed the label near button will say: No connection,
otherwise there will be the name of connected GPS.
 Define Symbols... You can define GPS symbols by clicking this button. More about GPS symbol editor
read in GPS Symbol editor.

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Commands
Create new project
New project can be created:
 By selecting command from menu File -> New;
 By pressing buttons Ctrl + N;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

When you call this command you will see following dialog:

Command creates blank project with default options. During the creation you will need to write name and select
lo catio n o f p ro ject o n hard d rive. C reatio n o f new p ro ject is finished w hen yo u p ress b utto n „S ave“.

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Open existing project

Existing project can be opened:


 By selecting command from menu File -> Open...;
 By pressing buttons Ctrl + O;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

When you call this command you will see following dialog:

Choose project which you want to open and press b utto n „O p en “. Command opens the list of points and options
of chosen project.

Save project
Project can be saved:
 By selecting command from menu File -> Save;
 By pressing buttons Ctrl + S;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Command saves the list of points and the options of the project.

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Save project as...
Project can be saved with new name by selecting command from menu File -> Save as... When you call this
command you will see following dialog:

W hen „S ave p ro ject as...“ co m m and is called it is n ecessary to w rite new p ro ject’s nam e and cho o se the lo catio n
in hard d rive. C o m m and w ill b e finished w h en b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed .

Close project
Project can be closed by selecting command from menu File -> Close. P ro gram w ill ask : „D o yo u w ant to save
chan ges to o p ened p ro ject? “ if p ro ject w as ed ited b efo re clo sin g:

P res „Y es“ if yo u w ant to save chan ges, o therw ise p res „N o “. If p ro ject w as no t sav ed b efo re clo sin g then
program will cal „S ave p ro ject as...“ command.

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Export to text file
Project can be exported to text file by selecting command from menu: File -> Export -> Export to text file...
When you call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „E xp o rt to text file“ co m m and is called it is necessary to write text file name and choose the location in
hard d rive. C o m m and w ill b e finished w h en b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed . Data is exported in coordinate system that is
set in options dialog.

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Export to Excel
Project can be exported to Excel by selecting command from menu: File -> Export ->Export to Excel... When you
call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „E xp o rt to E xcel“ co m m and is called it is necessary to w rite file nam e and ch o o se the lo catio n in hard
drive. Command will b e finished w hen b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed . Data is exported in coordinate system that is set in
options dialog.

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Export to ESRI Shape
Project can be exported to ESRI Shape by selecting command from menu: File ->Export -> Export to ESRI
Shape... When you call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „E xp o rt to E SRI Shape“ co m m and is called it is necessary to w rite file nam e an d cho o se the lo catio n in
hard d rive. C o m m and w ill b e finished w h en b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed . Data is exported in coordinate system that is
set in options dialog.

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Export to GPX file
Project can be exported to GPX file by selecting command from menu: File ->Export -> Export to GPX file...
When you call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „E xp o rt to G P X file“ co m m and is called it is necessary to w rite file nam e and cho o se the lo catio n in hard
d rive. C o m m and w ill b e finish ed w hen b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed . Data is exported in GK coordinate system.

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Import from txt File
Project can be imported from txt file by selecting command from menu: File ->Import ->Import from txt file...
When you call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „Import from txt file“ co m m and is called it is necessary to w rite file nam e and cho o se the lo catio n in hard
d rive. C o m m and w ill b e finish ed w hen b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed .

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Import from Excel
Project can be imported from Excel by selecting command from menu: File ->Import -> Import from Excel...
When you call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „Import from E xcel“ co m m and is called it is necessary to w rite file nam e and ch o o se the lo catio n in hard
d rive. C o m m and w ill b e finish ed w hen b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed .

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Import from ESRI Shape
Project can be imported from ESRI Shape format file by selecting command from menu: File -> Import->Import
from ESRI Shape... When you call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „Im p o rt fro m E S R I S h ap e“ co m m and is called it is n ecessary to w rite file nam e an d cho o se the lo catio n in
hard d rive. C o m m and w ill b e finished w hen b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed .

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Import from GPX file
Project can be imported from GPX format file by selecting command from menu: File -> Import->Import from
GPX file... When you call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „Im p o rt fro m G P X file“ co m m and is called it is necessary to w rite file nam e and cho o se the lo catio n in
hard d rive. C o m m and w ill b e finished w hen b utto n „S ave“ w ill b e p ressed .

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Import coordinate systems
Coordinate systems can be imported from DAT format file by selecting command from menu: File -> Import
coordinate systems. When you call this command you will see following dialog:

W hen „Im p o rt co o rd inate system s“ co m m and is called it is necessary to p o int C o o rd S ys.d at file. C o m m an d will
b e finished w h en b utto n „O p en “ w ill b e p ressed . If import was successful you should see this dialog:

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Print the list of points
The list of points can be printed:
 By selecting command from menu File -> Print...;
 By pressing buttons Ctrl + P;
 By clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

When you call this command you will see print form:

Points will be printed when button will be pressed. Following things are printed when print command
is called:
 State attributes of the list of points: coordinate system;
 List of points;
 All attributes of point.

Exit program
If you want to exit program select command from menu File -> Exit or press buttons Ctrl + Q. When you call this
co m m and p ro gram w ill ask: „A re yo u sure yo u w ant to q uit? “:

P ress b utto n „Y es“ if you want to q uit, o therw ise p res „N o “. P ro gram w ill ask: „D o yo u w ant to save changes to
o p ened p roject? “ if p ro ject w as ed ited b efo re clo sing:

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P res „Y es“ if yo u w ant to save chan ges, o therw ise p res „N o “. If p ro ject w as no t sav ed b efo re clo sin g then
program will cal „S ave p ro ject as...“ command.

Cut selected points


Selected points can be cut:
 By selecting command from menu Edit -> Cut;
 By pressing buttons Ctrl + X.
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Command cuts selected points with all attributes.

Copy selected points


Selected points can be copied:
 By selecting command from menu Edit -> Copy;
 By pressing buttons Ctrl + C;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Command copies selected points with all attributes.

Paste points
Points can b pasted:
 By selecting command from menu Edit -> Paste;
 By pressing buttons Ctrl + V.
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Command pastes selected or cut points with all attributes.

Select All
All points can be selected:

 By selecting command from menu Edit -> Select all;


 By pressing buttons Ctrl + A.

Command selects all points in the list.

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Undo
Undo action can be called:

 By selecting command from menu Edit -> Undo;


 By pressing buttons Ctrl + ;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

With this command you can undo the very last action.

Redo
Redo action can be called:

 By selecting command from menu Edit -> Redo;


 By pressing buttons Ctrl + U;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

With this command you can redo the very last action undone action.

Insert new point


New point can be inserted:
 By selecting command from menu Points -> New Point...;
 By pressing button F2;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .
 Double-click on selected point.

W hen yo u call this co m m and yo u w ill see „E d it p o int“ d ialo g:

Abo ut this d ialo g yo u can read in „Edit selected point“ co m m and d escrip tio n. During the insertion you can edit
the attributes of new point. New point will be inserted at the end of the list of points.

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Delete selected points
Selected points can be deleted:
 By selecting command from menu Points -> Delete points;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

W hen yo u call this co m m and p ro gram w ill ask: „D o yo u w ant to d elete selected p o ints? “:

If yo u w ant to d elete selected p o ints p ress b utto n „Y es“, o th erw ise p ress „N o “.

Edit selected point


Selected point can be edited:
 By selecting command from menu Points -> Edit point...;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n ;

W hen yo u call this co m m and yo u w ill see „E d it p o int“ d ialo g:

You can edit following point attributes:


 Name;
 Description;
 Symbol, with which point will be marked. You can edit GPS symbols by pressing button . More
about GPS symbol editor read in GPS Symbol editor.
 Coordinates.

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P ress b utto n “O K ” w h en yo u are done with editing

Activate selected point


Selected point can be activated:
 By selecting command from menu Points -> Activate point;
 By pressing button F5.

When point is activated all distances from other points are recalculated. Will be updated attrib utes „D istance fro m
active point“ and „A zim u th “.

Deactivate selected point


Selected point can be deactivated by selecting command from menu Points -> Deactivate point.
W hen active p o int is d eactivated the attrib utes „ D istance fro m active p o in t“ and „A zim u th “ w ill b e cleared (that
concerns all points).

Export selected points to AutoCAD

Selected points can be exported to AutoCAD:


 By selecting command from menu: Points -> Export selected points to AutoCAD;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Exported points are inserted into active drawing of AutoCAD 2004 or later.

Import selected points from AutoCAD


Selected points from AutoCAD can be imported:
 By selecting command from menu: Points -> Import selected points from AutoCAD;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Command adds imported points to the list of points. Points can be imported from the drawing of AutoCAD 2004
or later. When you call the command you will be asked to select points in AutoCAD after you will select points you will
need to press button ENTER then points will be imported. You need to select the same coordinate system as in
AutoCAD drawing. You could select coordinate system in Project options.

Upload selected points to GPS receiver

Selected points can be uploaded to GPS receiver:


 By selecting command from menu: Points -> Upload points to GPS receiver;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

If there are several points with the same name in the project after upload in GPS receiver you will see only one
point.
During the upload all points will be converted to LL84 coordinates. If program can not connect with GPS receiver
you will see this warning:

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Download points from GPS receiver
Points from GPS receiver can be downloaded:
 By selecting command from menu: Points -> Download points from GPS receiver;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Command download all points from GPS receiver and adds them to the list of points.
If in project options is not defined that points are in LL84 coordinates then downloaded points will be converted
to rectilinear coordinates.
If program can not connect with GPS receiver you will see this warning:

Download routes from GPS receiver


Routes from GPS receiver can be downloaded:
 By selecting command from menu: Points -> Download routes from GPS receiver;

 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Command download all routes points from GPS receiver and adds them to the list of points. To separate different
routes we use route names in front of each point. For example, if point name is B1 and it belongs to route Rout1, than
downloaded point name will be Rout1-B1.
If program can not connect with GPS receiver you will see this warning:

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Download tracks from GPS receiver
Tracks from GPS receiver can be downloaded:
 By selecting command from menu: Points -> Download track from GPS receiver;

 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

Command download active track points from GPS receiver and adds them to the list of points.
If program can not connect with GPS receiver you will see this warning:

Help
Help can be called:
 By selecting command from menu: Help -> Contents;
 By pressing button F1;
 B y clickin g to o lb ar’s b utto n .

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Coordinate systems
You can create modify or delete coordinate systems by calling the options dialog.

Create coordinate system

You can create coordinate system by calling options dialog and by pressing button N ew … on it:

 Name. Name of new coordinate system.


 Code. Unique code of new coordinate system.
 Datum. Datum of new coordinate system.
 Ellipsoid. Ellipsoid of selected datum.
 Define Data. You can create edit or delete datum by pressing this button. Read more about datum in
Datum.
 Projection. Projection which will be used by new coordinate system.

Edit coordinate system


You can edit coordinate system by calling options dialog and by pressing button Edit… on it:

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You can edit the same values as during creation of coordinate system, except code.

Delete coordinate system

You can delete coordinate system by calling options dialog and by pressing button Remove… on it:

When you press button Yes the selected datum will be deleted.

Datum

You can create modify or delete datum by calling coordinate system creation dialog and by pressing button
D efin e D a ta … on it:

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Y o u can d efine new d atu m b y p ressin g b utto n “N ew … ” :

 Name. Name of new datum.


 Code. Unique code of new datum.
 Ellipsoid. Ellipsoid of new datum.
 D efin e… . You can create, edit or delete ellipsoids by pressing this button. More about ellipsoids read in
Ellipsoids.
 Datum Shift to WGS84. Defines shift to WGS84 ellipsoid. You can edit these parameters:
 Delta X(m) - Delta x axis in meters.
 Delta Y(m) - Delta y axis in meters.
 Delta Z(m) - Delta z axis in meters.

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 Std. Error in X(m) – standard error in x axis in meters, (-1) if unknown otherwise can not be
less than zero.
 Std. Error in Y(m) – standard error in y axis in meters, (-1) if unknown otherwise can not be
less than zero.
 Std. Error in Z(m) – standard error in z axis in meters, (-1) if unknown otherwise can not be
less than zero.
 Valid domain – Defines valid domain of new datum by entering values for Northern, Eastern,
Western and Southern latitudes and longitudes in degrees.
o Longitude values can be between -pi and 2*pi.
o Latitude values can be between -pi/2 and pi/2.
o South latitude can not be equal or greater than north latitude.
o West longitude can not be equal or greater than east longitude.

You can edit selected datum by pressing button “ E d it… ” . In appeared dialog you van enter the same values as
you have entered during creation of new datum. Only user defined datum can be edited.

Y o u can d elete selected d atu m b y p ressin g b utto n “R em o ve”:

When you press button Yes the selected datum will be deleted. Only user defined datum can be deleted.

Ellipsoids

You can create modify or delete ellipsoids by calling the Datum creation dialog and by pressing button D efin e…
on it:

Y o u can d efine new ellip so id b y p ressin g b utto n “N ew … ” :

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 Name. Name of new ellipsoid.
 Code. Unique code of new ellipsoid.
 Semi major axis (m). Semi major axis of new ellipsoid in meters. Semi major axis can not be less than
zero.
 Flattering ratio: 1/. Flattering ratio of new ellipsoid. Final value is inversion of entered value. Inverse
flattening must be between 250 and 350.

You can edit selected ellipsoid by pressing button “ E d it… ” . In appeared dialog you van enter the same values
as you have entered during creation of new ellipsoid. Only user defined ellipsoids can be edited.

You can delete selected ellipsoid by pressing b u tto n “R em o ve”:

When you press button Yes the selected ellipsoid will be deleted. Only user defined ellipsoids can be deleted.

Projections
This chapter is about projections and parameters of projections.

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Geodetic

This projection does not have parameters.

GEOREF

This projection does not have parameters.

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Geocentric

This projection does not have parameters.

Local Cartesian

 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.


 Original longitude. Value must be between – pi and 2*pi.
 Origin height – value is not limited.
 Orientation. Value must be between – pi and 2*pi.

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Military Grid Reference System (MGRS)

This projection does not have parameters.

Universal Tranverse Mercator (UTM)

 Override zone. Value must be between 1 and 60.

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Universal Polar Stereographic (UPS)

This projection does not have parameters.

Albers Equal Area Conic

 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.


 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.
 1st. Parallel. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 2nt. Parallel. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 1st. Parallel and 2nd. Parallel can not be both equal to zero.
 1st. Parallel and can not be equal to 2nd. Parallel with inverse sign.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

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Azimuthal Equidistiant (S)

 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.


 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

British National Grid (BNG)

This projection does not have parameters.

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Bonne

 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.


 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Cassini

 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.


 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

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Cylindrical Equal Area

 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.


 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Eckert IV (S)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

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Eckert VI (S)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Equidistant Cylindrical (S)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Standard Parallel. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

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Gnomonic (S)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Lambert Conformal Conic (1 parallel)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

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 Scale factor. Value must be between 0.3 and 3.

Lambert Conformal Conic (2 parallel)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.
 1st. Parallel. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 2nt. Parallel. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 1st. Parallel and 2nd. Parallel can not be both equal to zero.
 1st. Parallel and can not be equal to 2nd. Parallel with inverse sign.

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Mercator

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Miller Cylindrical (S)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

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Mollweide (S)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Ney`s (Modified Lambert Conformal Conic)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

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New Zealand Map Grid (NZMG)

This projection does not have parameters.

Oblique Mercator

 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.


 Longitude 1. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2. Can not be equal to zero or to Longitude 2
 Longitude 2. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 Longitude 1 and Longitude 2 can not be of different signs.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.
 Latitude 1. . Value must be between – pi and 2*pi.
 Latitude 2. . Value must be between – pi and 2*pi.

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 Scale factor. . Value must be between 0.3 and 3.

Otrhographic (S)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Polar Stereographic

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Lat. Of true scale. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.

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 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Polyconic

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Sinusoidal

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.

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 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Stereographic (S)

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Origin latitude. Value must be between pi/2 and pi/2.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Transverse Cylindrical Equal Area

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.

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 Scale factor. Value must be between 0.3 and 3.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Transverse Mercator

 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.


 Original latitude. Value must be between – pi/2 and pi/2.
 Scale factor. Value must be between 0.3 and 3.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

Van Der Grinten

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 Central Meridian. Value must be between pi and 2*pi.
 False Easting and false northing – values are not limited.

GPS Symbol Editor


You can edit GPS symbols by calling coordinate system creation dialog and by pressing button Define
S ym b o ls… , or in point ed ito r’s d ialo g call symbol editor:

Jū sų su k u rti nauji sim b oliai b ei p aveik sliu k ai į G P S im tu vą n eįk eliam i!

Various GPS receiver u se d ifferent sym b o ls and sym b o l nam es. If yo u can ’t find a sym b o l that is used in your
GPS, you can insert a new symbol and a new picture to the list. New symbols can not be sent to GPS receiver!

Y o u can call sy m b o l ed ito r com m and s fro m sym b o l ed ito r’s d ialo g to ll b ar:

Meanings of buttons:

- save symbol list;


- copy selected symbols;
- paste copied symbols;
- insert new symbol;
- delete selected symbol;
- help.

Symbol is defined by following attributes:


 Symbol Name – symbol name that will be displayed in GPS/CAD Converter program.
 Symbol name in GPS – symbol name in GPS receiver.
 Image – File of the image that will be shown in symbol. You can choose file by double-clicking
file name field.

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FAQ
1. How to transform data form one Coordinate system to another?

You have points in LL84 coordinate system as shown in picture below:

You have to transform points from GK coordinate system to other coordinate system. Open menu File 
Options. C ho o se yo ur co o rdinate system and p ress b utto n “O K ”. T he p o ints w ill b e transfo rm ed to yo ur cho sen
coordinate system (to LKS94 in a picture below):

2. How to calculate distance from active point and Azimuth?

First you have to select a point and mark it as active by using a command from menu Points Activate Point or
pressing F5. Distance from active point and azimuth will be calculated automatically.
There are few methods to calculate distance from active point. GPS/CAD Converter uses Great Circle method to
calculate distance from active point. Formula of this method:

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d = aco s(sin(L at1 ) × sin(L at2 ) + co s(L at1 ) × co s(L at2 ) × cos(Lon1 – Lon2))
Azimuth in geodesy science is calculated from North point to East from 0 to 360 degrees.

Example with calculated distance and azimuth from active point:

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