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1. A vector a is turned without a change in its length 5. Can you have zero displacement and a non zero

average velocity? Can you have a zero displacement

through a small angle dθ. What are | a| and ∆a?

and a non zero velocity? Illustrate your answer on a

Sol.

x-t graph.

Sol.

velocity ? Explain

6. At which point on its path a projectile has the

Sol.

smallest speed?

Sol.

3. When a particle moves with constant velocity, its

height above the ground below throws one ball straight

average velocity and its instantaneous velocity & speed

up with initial speed u and then throws another ball

are equal. Comment on this statement.

straight down with the same initial speed. Which ball,

Sol.

if either, has the larger speed when it hits the ground?

Neglect air resistance.

Sol.

8. An airplane on floor relief mission has to drop a

of a particle equal to the product of the average

sack of rice exactly in the center of a circle on the

velocity and the time interval, even when the velocity

ground while flying at a predetermined height and

is not constant? Explain.

speed. What is so difficult about that? Why doesn’t it

Sol.

just drop the sack when it is directly above the circle.

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 51

9. Which of the following graphs cannot possibily 12. Give an example from your own experience in which

represent one dimensional motion of a particle? the velocity of an object is zero for just an instant of

x time, but its acceleration is not zero.

|v| l

Sol.

t t

t

Sol.

and strikes the ground with a speed vf. From ground

level, a second ball is thrown straight upward at the

10. Can you suggest a suitable situation from same instant that the first ball is dropped. The initial

observation around you for each of the following ? speed of the second ball is v0 = vf, the same speed

x with which the first ball will eventually strike the ground.

x

Ignoring air resistance, decide whether the balls cross

paths at half the height of the building above the

halfway point, or below the halfway point. Give your

t reasoning.

t Sol.

x - displacement

x

Sol.

bullet when it leaves the barrel. The muzzle velocity

of one rifle with a short barrel is greater than the

muzzle velocity of another rifle that has a longer barrel.

In which rifle is the acceleration of the bullet larger?

11. One of the following statements is incorrect. Explain your reasoning.

(a) The car traveled around the track at a constant Sol.

velocity

(b) The car traveled around the track at a constant

speed. Which statement is incorrect and why ?

Sol.

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Page # 52 KINEMATICS

15. On a riverboat cruise, a plastic bottle is accidentally 18. A child is playing on the floor of a recreational

dropped overboard. A passenger on the boat estimate vehicle (RV) as it moves along the highway at a

that the boat pulls ahead of the bottle by 5 meters constant velocity. He has a toy cannon, which shoots

each second. Is it possible to conclude that the boat a marble at a fixed angle and speed with respect to

is moving at 5 m/s with respect to the shore? Account the floor. The connon can be aimed toward the front

for your answer. or the rear of the RV. Is the range towards the front

Sol. the same as, less than, or greater than the range

towards the rear? Answer this question (a) from the

child’s point of view and (b) from the point of view of

an observer standing still on the ground. Justify your

answers.

Sol.

the mast on a sailboat. Will the wrench hit at the

same place on the deck whether the sailboat is at

rest or moving with a constant velocity? Justify your

answer.

Sol.

19. Three swimmers can swim equally fast relative to

the water. They have a race to see who can swim

across a river in the least time. Swimmer A swims

perpendicular to the current and lands on the far shore

downstream, because the current has swept him in

that direction. Swimmer B swims upstream at an angle

to the current and lands on the far shore directly

opposite the starting point. Swimmer C swims

downstream at an angle to the current in an attempt

to take advantage of the current. Who crosses the

river in the least time? Account for your answer.

Sol.

17. Is the acceleration of a projectile equal to zero

when it reaches the top of its trajectory? If not, why

not?

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 53

1. A hall has the dimensions 10m × 10m × 10 m. A fly 3. A body covers first 1/3 part of its journey with a

starting at one corner ends up at a diagonally opposite velocity of 2 m/s, next 1/3 part with a velocity of 3 m/s

corner. The magnitude of its displacement is nearly and rest of the journey with a velocity 6m/s. The

average velocity of the body will be

(A) 5 3 m (B) 10 3 m (C) 20 3 m (D) 30 3 m

11 8 4

Sol. (A) 3 m/s (B) m/s (C) m/s (D) m/s

3 3 3

Sol.

radius 100 m taking 62.8 s on each lap. What is the

average speed and average velocity on each complete

lap ?

2. A car travels from A to B at a speed of 20 km h–1m (A) velocity 10 m/s speed 10 m/s

and returns at a speed of 30 km h–1. The average (B) velocity zero, speed 10 m/s

speed of the car for the whole journey is (C) velocity zero, speed zero

(A) 5 km h–1 (B) 24 km h–1 (C) 25 km h–1(D) 50 km h–1 (D) velocity 10 m/s, speed zero

Sol. Sol.

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Page # 54 KINEMATICS

where g is a constant. The velocity of the body at

any time t is

(A) gt (B) gt/2 (C) gt2/2 (D) gt3/3

Sol.

Its acceleration is towards west and is constant, Let

xA and xB be the magnitude of displacements in the

first 10 seconds and the next 10 seconds.

(A) xA < xB (B) xA = xB (C) xA > xB

(D) the information is insufficient to decide the relation

of xA with xB.

Sol.

water is h below the top of the well. If v is velocity of

sound, the time T after which the splash is heard is

given by

2h h

(A) T = 2h/v (B) T = g

+

v

2h h h 2h

(C) T = +

g 2v (D) T = +

2g v

Sol.

for 30 s. The distance travelled in the first 10s is x1,

next 10 s is x2 and the last 10 s is x3. Then x1 : x2 : x3

is the same as

(A) 1 : 2 : 4 (B) 1 : 2 : 5

(C) 1 : 3 : 5 (D) 1 : 3 : 9

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KINEMATICS Page # 55

9. The co-ordinates of a moving particle at a time t, 11. A body of mass 1 kg is acted upon by a force

are given by, x = 5 sin 10 t, y = 5 cos 10 t. The speed

F = 2 sin 3 πt i + 3 cos 3 πt j find its position at t = 1 sec

of the particle is -

(A) 25 (B) 50 (C) 10 (D) None if at t = 0 it is at rest at origin.

Sol. 3 3 2 2

(A) 2 , (B) 2 ,

3 π 9π 2 3π 3π 2

2 2

(C) , (D) none of these

3π 3π 2

Sol.

its position. The net force acting on body is zero at .

(A) 0 m (B) x = e2m (C) x = em (D) x = 1 m

Sol.

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Page # 56 KINEMATICS

m and whose velocity is 0 at t = 0. It’s terminal velocity

(velocity after a long time) is :

C B BC B

(A) (B) (C) (D) –

mB mC m mC

Sol.

such that its velocity ‘v’ changes with time ‘t’ according

to the equation v = t2 – t where t is in seconds and v

is in m/s. The time interval for which the particle retards

is

(A) t < 1/2 (B) 1/2 < t < 1

(C) t > 1 (D) t < 1/2 and t > 1

Sol.

15. A particle is projected vertically upwards from a

point A on the ground. It takes t1 time to reach a

point B but it still continues to move up. If it takes

further t2 time to reach the ground from point B then

height of point B from the ground is

1

(A) g( t1 + t 2 ) 2 (B) g t1 t2

2

1 1

(C) g( t1 + t 2 ) 2 (D) gt 1t 2

8 2

Sol.

5m/s. With what velocity should another ball be thrown

down after 2 seconds so that it can hit the 1st ball in 2

seconds

(A) 40 m/s (B) 55 m/s (C) 15 m/s (D) 25 m/s

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KINEMATICS Page # 57

16. Balls are thrown vertically upward in such a way 18. The displacement-time graph of a moving particle

that the next ball is thrown when the previous one is is shown below. The instantaneous velocity of the

at the maximum height. If the maximum height is 5m, particle is negative at the point

the number of balls thrown per minute will be

x

(A) 40 (B) 50 (C) 60 (D) 120

Sol. D

E F

C

t

(A) C (B) D (C) E (D) F

Sol.

19. The variation of velocity of a particle moving along

of same length directed along the vertical chord AB

straight line is shown in the figure. The distance

and CD as shown in the fig. The same particles slide

travelled by the particle in 4 s is

down along AB and CD. The ratio of the time tAB/tCD is

A C v(m/s)

60º

D

20

B 10

1 2 3 4

Sol.

(A) 25m (B) 30m (C) 55m (D) 60m

Sol.

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Page # 58 KINEMATICS

20. The displacement time graphs of two particles A 22. Acceleration versus velocity graph of a particle

and B are straight lines making angles of respectively

moving in a straight line starting form rest is as shown

30º and 60º with the time axis. If the velocity of A is

in figure. The corresponding velocity-time graph would

vA

vA and that of B is vB then the value of v is be -

B a

(A) 1/2 (B) 1 / 3 (C) 3 (D) 1/3

Sol.

v

v v

(A) (B)

t t

v v

shown, what will be its velocity-time graph (C) (D)

t t

x Sol.

v v

(A) (B)

t t

v v

(C) (D)

t t

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 59

23. A man moves in x - y plane along the path shown. Question No. 25 to 27 (3 questions)

At what point is his average velocity vector in the

same direction as his instantaneous velocity vector. The x-t graph of a particle moving along a straight

The man starts from point P. line is shown in figure

y

C x parabola

PB D

A

x

(A) A (B) B (C) C (D) D 0 T 2T

Sol.

25. The v-t graph of the particle is correctly shown

by

v

v

T 2T

0 T 0

(A) 2T t (B) t

v v

0 T 2T 0 T 2T

(C) t (D) t

24. The acceleration of a particle which moves along

the positive x-axis varies with its position as shown.

If the velocity of the particle is 0.8 m/s at x = 0, the Sol.

velocity of the particle at x = 1.4 is (in m/s)

2

a (in m/s )

0.4

0.2

Sol.

by

a a

2T

0 0

(A) T t (B) t

a v

0 0

(C) t (D) t

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Page # 60 KINEMATICS

to rest at

(A) t = 0 s (B) t = 5 s (C) t = 8 s

(D) none of these

Sol.

shown by 29. Identify the region in which the rate of change of

∆v

speed speed velocity of the particle is maximum

∆t

(A) 0 (B) 0

T 2T t T 2T t (A) 0 to 2s (B) 2 to 4s (C) 4 to 6s (D) 6 to 8 s

Sol.

speed speed

(C) 0 0

T 2T t (D) T 2T t

Sol.

then its position at t = 2s will be

(A) – 5m (B) 5m (C) 10 m (D) 15 m

Sol.

The figure shows a velocity-time graph of a particle

moving along a straight line

v(ms–1)

10

0

2 4 6 8 t(s)

–20

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KINEMATICS Page # 61

31. The maximum of displacement of the particle is 33. The correct displacement-time graph of the particle

(A) 33.3 m (B) 23.3 m (C) 18.3 (D) zero is shown as

x x

Sol.

(m) (m)

(A) (B)

0 2 4 6 8 t(s) 0 2 4 6 8 t(s)

x x

(m) (m)

(C) (D)

0 2 4 6 8 t(s) 0 2 4 6 8 t(s)

Sol.

rest under gravity and rebounding from a solid surface

is represented by which of the following graphs ?

V

V

(A) t (B)

t

V V

(C) (D)

t t

32. The total distance travelled by the particle is

(A) 66.6 m (B) 51.6 m (C) zero (D) 36.6 m

Sol. Sol.

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Page # 62 KINEMATICS

35. Shown in the figure are the displacement time 37. A body A is thrown vertically upwards with such a

graph for two children going home from the school. velocity that it reaches a maximum height of h.

Which of the following statements about their relative Simultaneously another body B is dropped from height

motion is true after both of them started moving ? h. It strikes the ground and does not rebound. The

Their relative velocity: velocity of A relative to B v/s time graph is best

represented by : (upward direction is positive)

X

C1 VAB VAB

C2 (A) (B)

t t

O VAB VAB

t T

(A) first increases and then decreases t

(C) (D)

(B) first decreases and then increases

(C) is zero t

(D) is non zero constant Sol.

Sol.

P1

velocity time graphs of the two

particles P1 and P2. Which of P2

the following statements about

their relative motion is true ?

Theire relative velocity

(A) is zero O t T

(B) is non-zero but constant 38. An object A is moving with 10 m/s and B is moving

(C) continuously decreases with 5 m/s in the same direction of positive x-axis. A

(D) continuously increases is 100 m behind B as shown. Find time taken by A to

Sol. Meet B

10m/s 5m/s

A B

100m

(A) 18 sec. (B) 16 sec. (C) 20 sec. (D) 17 sec.

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 63

39. It takes one minute for a passenger standing on 42. A point mass is projected, making an acute angle

an escalator to reach the top. If the escalator does

with the horizontal. If angle between velocity v and

not move it takes him 3 minute to walk up. How long

will it take for the passenger to arrive at the top if he acceleration g is θ, then θ is given by

walks up the moving escalator? (A) 0º < θ < 90º (B) θ = 90º

(A) 30 sec (B) 45 sec (C) 40 sec (D) 35 sec (C) θ = 90º (D) 0º < θ < 180º

Sol. Sol.

is half of its initial velocity u. Its range on the horizontal

plane is

40. A body is thrown up in a lift with a velocity u

relative to the lift and the time of flight is found to be 2u 2 3 u2 u2 u2

t. The acceleration with which the lift is moving up is (A) (B) (C) (D)

3g 2g 3g 2g

Sol.

u – gt 2u – gt u + gt 2u + gt

(A) (B) (C) (D)

t t t t

Sol.

Question No. 44 to 46

A projectile is thrown with a velocity of 50 ms–1 at an

angle of 53º with the horizontal

41. A ball is thrown upwards. It returns to ground

describing a parabolic path. Which of the following 44. Choose the incorrect statement

remains constant ? (A) It travels vertically with a velocity of 40 ms–1

(A) speed of the ball (B) It travels horizontally with a velocity of 30 ms–1

(B) kinetic energy of the ball (C) The minimum velocity of the projectile is 30 ms–1

(C) vertical component of velocity (D) None of these

(D) horizontal component of velocity. Sol.

Sol.

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Page # 64 KINEMATICS

45. Determine the instants at which the projectile is 48. A ball is thrown from a point on ground at some

at the same height angle of projection. At the same time a bird starts

(A) t = 1s and t = 7s (B) t = 3s and t = 5s from a point directly above this point of projection at

(C) t = 2s and t = 6s (D) all the above a height h horizontally with speed u. Given that in its

Sol. flight ball just touches the bird at one point. Find the

distance on ground where ball strikes

h 2h 2h h

(A) 2u (B) u (C) 2u (D) u

g g g g

Sol.

(A) 180y = 240 x – x2 (B) 180 y = x2 – 240x

(C) 180y = 135x – x 2

(D) 180y = x2 – 135x

Sol.

shown in figure. The man standing at P should run at

what minimum velocity so that he catches the ball

before it strikes the ground. Assume that height of

man is negligible in comparison to maximum height of

projectile.

z plane) such that its velocity vector at time t is

given by V = aî + (b – ct ) ĵ . Its range on the horizontal

plane is given by (A) 3 ms–1 (B) 5 ms–1 (C) 9 ms–1 (D) 12 ms–1

ba 2ba 3 ba Sol.

(A) (B) (C) (D) None

c c c

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 65

50. A projectile is fired with a speed u at an angle θ Question No. 53 & 54 (2 questions)

with the horizontal. Its speed when its direction of At t = 0 a projectile is fired from a point O (taken as

motion makes an angle ‘α’ with the horizontal is - origin) on the ground with a speed of 50 m/s at an

(A) u secθ cosα (B) u secθ sinα angle of 53° with the horizontal. It just passes two

(C) u cosθ secα (D) u sinθ secα points A & B each at height 75 m above horizontal as

Sol. shown.

50m/s

A B

75m

53°

O

53. The horizontal separation between the points A

51. Two projectiles A and B are thrown with the same and B is -

speed such that A makes angle θ with the horizontal (A) 30 m (B) 60 m (C) 90 m (D) None

and B makes angle θ with the vertical, then - Sol.

(A) Both must have same time of flight

(B) Both must achieve same maximum height

(C) A must have more horizontal range than B

(D) Both may have same time of flight

Sol.

baseball will be in the air for the longest time?

(A) The one with the farthest range.

(B) The one which reaches maximum height 54 The distance (in metres) of the particle from origin

(C) The one with the greatest initial velocity at t = 2 sec.

(D) The one leaving the bat at 45° with respect to

the ground. (A) 60 2 (B) 100 (C) 60 (D) 120

Sol. Sol.

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Page # 66 KINEMATICS

55. Particle is dropped from the height of 20 m from 58. One stone is projected horizontally from a 20 m

horizontal ground. There is wind blowing due to which high cliff with an initial speed of 10 ms–1. A second

horizontal acceleration of the particle becomes 6 ms–2. stone is simultaneously dropped from that cliff. Which

Find the horizontal displacement of the particle till it of the following is true ?

reaches ground. (A) Both strike the ground with the same velocity

(A) 6 m (B) 10 m (C) 12 m (D) 24 m (B) The ball with initial speed 10ms–1 reaches the

Sol. ground first

(C) Both the balls hit the ground at the same time

(D) One cannot say without knowing the height of

the building

Sol.

velocity of 5 m/s at an angle of 53º to horizontal. Its

speed when it is at a height of 0.45 m from the point

of projection is

(A) 2 m/s (B) 3 m/s

(C) 4 m/s (D) data insufficient

Sol. 59. An aeroplane flying at a constant velocity releases

a bomb. As the bomb drops down from the aeroplane.

(A) it will always be vertically below the aeroplane

(B) it will always be vertically below the aeroplane

only if the aeroplane is flying horizontally

(C) it will always be vertically below the aeroplane

only if the aeroplane is flying at an angle of 45° to the

horizontal.

(D) it will gradually fall behind the aeroplane if the

aeroplane is flying horizontally

Sol.

with speed 10 ms–1 from a long inclined plane which

makes an angle of θ = 45º from horizontal.

(A) 2 sec (B) 2 2 sec (C) 2 sec (D) none

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 67

plane in upward direction with speed 10 m/s. The angle

of incline plane is given 53º. Then the maximum height

above the incline plane attained by the particle will be

(A) 3m (B) 4m (C) 5m (D) zero

Sol.

than PQ =

v

90° P

θ

61. On an inclined plane of inclination 30°, a ball is Q

thrown at an angle of 60° with the horizontal from the

(A) Tvsinθ (B) Tvcosθ (C) Tv secθ (D) Tv tanθ

foot of the incline with velocity of 10 3 ms–1. If g =

Sol.

10 ms–2, then the time in which ball with hit the inclined

plane is -

(A) 1.15 sec. (B) 6 sec

(C) 2 sec (D) 0.92 sec

Sol.

Two projectiles are thrown simultaneously in

62. A projectile is fired with a velocity at right angle the same plane from the same point. If their velocities

to the slope which is inclined at an angle θ with the are v1 and v2 at angles θ1 and θ2 respectively from the

horizontal. The expression for the range R along the horizontal, then answer the following questions.

incline is - 64. The trajectory of particle 1 with respect to particle

2v 2 2v 2 2 will be

(A) sec θ (B) tan θ (A) a parabola

g g

(B) a straight line

2v 2 v2 (C) a vertical straight line

(C) tan θ sec θ (D) tan2 θ

g g (D) a horizontal straight line

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Page # 68 KINEMATICS

Sol. Sol.

statement

(A) one particle will remain exactly below or above

the other particle

(B) the trajectory of one with respect to other will be

a vertical straight line

(C) both will have the same range

(D) none of these

Sol.

68. A helicopter is flying south with a speed of 50

kmh–1. A train is moving with the same speed towards

east. The relative velocity of the helicopter as seen

by the passengers in the train will be towards.

(A) north east (B) south east

(C) north west (D) south west

Sol.

statement

(A) the time of flight of both the particles will be same

(B) the maximum height attained by the particles will

be same

(C) the trajectory of one with respect to another will

be a horizontal straight line 69. Two particles are moving with velocities v1 and

(D) none of these v2. Their relative velocity is the maximum, when the

Sol. angle between their velocities is

(A) zero (B) π/4 (C) π/2 (D) π

Sol.

statement

(A) Particle 2 moves under the particle 1

(B) The slope of the trajectory of particle 2 with

respect to 1 is always positive

(C) Both the particle will have the same range if θ1 >

45° and θ2 < 45° and θ1 + θ2 = 90°

(D) none of these

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KINEMATICS Page # 69

70. A ship is travelling due east at 10 km/h. A ship 73. A swimmer’s speed in the direction of flow of river

heading 30º east of north is always due north from is 16 km h–1. Against the direction of flow of river, the

the first ship. The speed of the second ship in km/h is swimmer’s speed is 8 km h–1. Calculate the swimmer’s

(A) 20 2 (B) 20 3 / 2 (C) 20 (D) 20 / 2 speed in still water and the velocity of flow of the

Sol. river.

(A) 12 km/h, 4 km/h (B) 10 km/h, 3 km/h

(C) 10 km/h, 4 km/h (D) 12 km/h, 2 km/h

Sol.

starts from (5, 0) with a velocity of – 4 î + 3 ĵ . Find

their closest distance of approach.

(A) 3 m (B) 4 m (C) 5 m (D) 2 m

Sol.

mounted on a cart. The cart moves uniformly along a

horizontal path with a speed v1 = 2 m/s. At what

angle α to the horizontal should the pipe be placed so

that drops of rain falling with a velocity v2 6 m/s move

parallel to the walls of the pipe without touching them ?

consider the velocity of the drops as constant due to

the resistance of the air.

v1

72. Four particles situated at the corners of a square

of side ‘a’ move at a constant speed v. Each particle

maintains a direction towards the next particle in

–1 1

succession. Calculate the time particles will take to (A) tan –1( 3) (B) tan

3

meet each other.

a a a 2a –1 1

(A) (B) (C) (D) (C) tan (D) None of these

v 2v 3v 3v 2

Sol. Sol.

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Page # 70 KINEMATICS

velocity of 20 km/hr. Strong winds are blowing due

East with velocity of 20 km/hr. The flag will point it

direction

(A) East (B) North-East

(C) South-East (D) South-West

Sol.

hr. He enters a 200 m wide river, having river flow speed

= 4 km/hr at point A and proceeds to swim at an angle

of 127° (sin37° = 0.6) with the river flow direction.

Another point B is located directly across A on the

other side. The swimmer lands on the other bank at a

point C, from which he walks the distance CB with a

speed = 3 km/hr. The total time in which he reachrs

from A to B is

(A) 5 minutes (B) 4 minutes

(C) 3 minutes (D) None

Sol.

78. A man is crossing a river flowing with velocity of 5

m/s. He reaches a point directly across at a distance

of 60 m in 5 sec. His velocity in still water should be

(A) 12 m/s (B) 13 m/s (C) 5 m/s (D) 10 m/s

Sol.

2 m/s which causes the rain to fall at some angle with

76. A boat having a speed of 5 km/hr. in still water, the vertical. With what velocity should a cyclist drive

crosses a river of width 1 km along the shortest possible so that the rain appears vertical to him

path in 15 minutes. The speed of the river in Km/hr. (A) 2 m/s south (B) 2 m/s north

(A) 1 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 41 (C) 4 m/s west (D) 4 m/s south

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 71

as x = αt2 – β t3

(A) particle will return to its starting point after time α/β.

2α

(B) the particle will come to rest after time

3β

(C) the initial velocity of the particle was zero but its

initial acceleration was not zero.

α

(D) no net force act on the particle at time

3β

Sol.

a straight line

(A) if the veloci ty is zero at any instant, the

acceleration should also be zero at that instant

(B) if the velocity is zero for a time interval, the

acceleration is zero at any instant within the time

interval

(C) if the velocity and acceleration have opposite sign,

the object is slowing down

(D) if the position and velocity have opposite sign,

the particle is moving towards the origin.

Sol.

One is constant, the other is a retarding force

proportion at to the particle velocity. In the subsequent

motion of the particle.

2. A particle has intial velocity 10 m/s. It moves due

(A) the acceleration will increase from zero to a

to constant retarding force along the line of velocity

constant value

which produces a retardation of 5 m/s2. Then -

(B) the acceleration will decrease from its initial value

(A) the maximum displacement in the direction of initial

to zero

velocity is 10 m

(C) the velocity will increase from zero to maximum &

(B) the distance travelled in first 3 seconds is 7.5 m

then decrease

(C) the distance travelled in first 3 seconds is 12.5 m

(D) the velocity will increase from zero to a constant

(D) the distance travelled in first 3 seconds is 17.5 m

value.

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Page # 72 KINEMATICS

Sol. Sol.

5. Let v and a denote the velocity and acceleration

respectively of a body in one-dimensional motion

7. Let v and a denote the velocity and acceleration

(A) | v| must decrease when a < 0 respectively of a body

(A) a can be non zero when v = 0

(B) Speed must increase when a > 0

(B) a must be zero when v = 0

(C) Speed will increase when both v and a are < 0 (C) a may be zero when v ≠ 0

(D) Speed will decrease when v < 0 and a > 0 (D) The direction of a must have some correlation

Sol. with the direction of v

Sol.

6. Which of the following statements are true for a 8. A bead is free to slide down a A

moving body? sm ooth wi re ti g ht l y st ret ched

(A) If its speed changes, its velocity must change between points A and B on a vertical θ

B R

and it must have some acceleration circle. If the bead starts from rest

(B) If its velocity changes, its speed must change at A, the highest point on the circle

and it must have some acceleration (A) its velocity v on arriving at B is proportional to

(C) If its velocity changes, its speed may or may not cosθ

change, and it must have some acceleration (B) its velocity v on arriving B is proportional to tanθ

(D) If its speed changes but direction of motion does (C) time to arrive at B is proportional to cosθ

not changes, its velocity may remain constant (D) time to arrive at B is independent of θ

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KINEMATICS Page # 73

plotted against time (t)

+v0

v

T

O

t 2T

–v0

some point

(B) The acceleration of the particle remains constant

(C) The displacement of the particle is zero

(D) The initial and final speeds of the particle are the

same

Sol.

here. Which of the following is correct :

v

1m/s

2 sec

(A) Car must move in circular path

(B) Acceleration of car is never zero 11. A block is thrown with a velocity of 2 ms–1 (relative

(C) Mean speed of the particle is π/4 m/s. to ground) on a belt, which is moving with velocity 4

(D) The car makes a turn once during its motion ms–1 in opposite direction of the initial velocity of block.

If the block stops slipping on the belt after 4 sec of

Sol.

the throwing then choose the correct statements(s)

(A) Displacement with respect to ground is zero after

2.66 sec and magnitude of displacement with respect

to ground is 12 m after 4 sec.

(B) Magnitude of displacement with respect to ground

in 4 sec is 4 m.

(C) Magnitude of displacement with respect to belt in

4 sec is 12 m.

(D) Displacement with respect to ground is zero in 8/

3 sec.

Sol.

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Page # 74 KINEMATICS

the line joining two stationary objects. He will observe

that the two objects

(A) have the same speed

(B) have the same velocity

(C) move in the same direction

(D) move in opposite directions

Sol.

direction of motion, throws a ball straight up with

respect to himself

(A) The ball will always return to him

(B) The ball will never return to him

(C) The ball will return to him if the cart moves with

constant velocity

(D) The ball will fall behind him if the cart moves with

12. A particle moves with constant speed v along a some acceleration

regular hexagon ABCDEF in the same order. Then the Sol.

magnitude of the average velocity for its motion from

A to -

(A) F is v/5 (B) D is v/3

(C) C is v √3/2 (D) B is v

Sol.

of 20 m/s such that it strikes on the same level as

the point of projection at a distance of3 m. Which

of the following options are incorrect.

(A) the maximum height reached by the projectile can

be 0.25 m

(B) the minimum velocity during its motion can be

15 m/s

3

(C) the time taken for the flight can be sec.

5

(D) maximum potential energy during its motion can

be 6J.

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KINEMATICS Page # 75

height & R is the range for horizontal motion, the x & y

co-ordinates of projectile motion and time t are related

as :

t t X X

(A) y = 4h 1 − (B) y = 4h 1 −

T T R R

T T R R

(C) y = 4h 1 − (D) y = 4h 1 −

t t X X

Sol.

(A) If the greatest height to which a man can throw a

stone is h, then the greatest horizontal distance upto

which he can throw the stone is 2h.

(B) The angle of projection for a projectile motion whose

range R is n times the maximum height is tan–1(4/n)

(C) The time of flight T and the horizontal range R of

a projectile are connected by the equation gT2 =

2Rtanθ where θ is the angle of projection.

(D) A ball is thrown vertically up. Another ball is thrown 18. A particle moves in the xy plane with a constant

at an angle θ with the vertical. Both of them remain in acceleration ‘g’ in the negative y-direction. Its equation

air for the same period of time. Then the ratio of of motion is y = ax – bx2, where a and b constants.

heights attained by the two ball 1 : 1.

Which of the following are correct?

Sol.

(A) The x-component of its velocity is constant.

(B) At the origin, the y-component of its velocity is

g

a

2b

(C) At the origin, its velocity makes an angle tan–1(a)

with the x-axis

(D) The particle moves exactly like a projectile.

Sol.

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Page # 76 KINEMATICS

u at angle θ with horizontal. The horizontal range,

maximum height and time of flight are R, H and T

respectively. They are given by,

R= ,H= and T =

g 2g g

Then,

(A) R will first increase then decrease, H will increase

and T will decrease

(B) R will first increase then decrease while H and T

both will increase

(C) R will decrease while H and T will increase

(D) R will increase while H and T will increase

Sol.

19. A ball is rolled off along the edge of a horizontal

table with velocity 4 m/s. It hits the ground after time

0.4s. Which of the following are correct?

(A) The height of the table is 0.8 m

(B) It hits the ground at an angle of 60° with the

vertical

(C) It covers a horizontal distance 1.6 m from the

table

(D) It hits the ground with vertical velocity 4 m/s

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 77

plane is given by r = ( t 2 − 4)i + ( t − 4)j . Find

(a) Equation of trajectory of the particle

Sol.

m = 3kg is given by r = 6 t i − t 3 j + cos t k . Find the re-

sultant force F ( t) , magnitude of its acceleration when

π

t= , & speed when t = π.

2

(b) Time when it crosses x-axis and y-axis

Sol. Sol.

r = ( t 2 + t) i + ( 3 t − 2) j + (2t 3 − 4 t 2 ) k . (t in sec, r in m) Find

at time t = 2 the (a) velocity, (b) acceleration, (c)

speed or magnitude of velocity and (d) magnitude of

acceleration.

Sol.

straight line is shown. Find its

y

velocity in m/sec

60°

30°

x

2.5 sec

time in sec 2

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Page # 78 KINEMATICS

Sol.

t = 2.5 sec 6. Velocity of car v is given by v = at – bt2, where a

Sol. and b are positive constants & t is time elapsed. Find

value of time for which velocity is maximum & also

corresponding value of velocity.

Sol.

t = 2.5 sec

Sol.

= 50 – 16t and y = 100 – 4t2 , where vx is in metres

per second, y is in metres and t is in seconds. It is 7. The force acting on a body moving in a straight line

also known that x = 0 at t = 0. Determine the velocity is given by F = (3t2 – 4t + 1) Newton where t is in

(v) and acceleration (a) when the position y = 0 is sec. If mass of the body is 1kg and initially it was at

reached. rest at origin. Find

Sol.

(a) displacement between time t = 0 and t = 2 sec

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 79

5 m left of origin and it is moving away from the origin

and slowing down. In this coordinate system, the signs

of the initial velocity and acceleration, are

+ y

– + v0 a

(b) distance travelled between time t = 0 and t = 2

(0, 0) x

sec

Sol. –

Sol.

hand (radius = 10 cm) of a clock in 45 minutes.

8. A particle goes from A to B with a speed of 40 km/ Sol.

h and B to C with a speed of 60 km/h. If AB = 6BC the

ave rage speed i n k m/h betwe en A and C i s

____________

total dis tan ce travelled

[Hint : Average speed = ]

time taken

Sol.

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Page # 80 KINEMATICS

brakes are applied to a locomotive moving at a velocity

v= 54 km/hr. Determine the position of the locomotive

relative to the traffic light 1 min after the application

of the breaks if its acceleration is –0.3 m/sec2.

Sol.

from rest to a velocity of 20 ms–1 by a constant

12. A train starts from rest and moves with a constant acceleration of 5ms–2. It maintains a constant velocity

acceleration of 2.0 m/s2 for half a minute. The brakes of 20 ms–1 for 5 seconds and then is brought to rest

are then applied and the train comes to rest in one again by a constant acceleration of –2 ms–2. Draw a

minute. Find velocity-time graph and find the distance covered by

(a) the total distance moved by the train, the car.

(b) the maximum speed attained by the train and Sol.

(c) the position (s) of the train at half the maximum

speed.

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 81

the distance travelled by the particle during the first

40 seconds. Also find the average velocity during this

period.

V

14. A stone is dropped from a height h. Simultaneously 5m/s

another stone is thrown up from the ground with such t(s)

0 20

a velocity that it can reach a height of 4 h. Find the 40

–5m/s

time when two stones cross each other.

Sol. Sol.

15. A bal loon is ascending vertical ly with an along a straight line is shown. The rate of acceleration

acceleration of 0.2 m/s2 Two stones are dropped from and deceleration is constant and it is equal to 5 ms–2.

it at an interval of 2 sec. Find the distance between If the average velocity during the motion is 20ms–1,

them 1.5 sec after the second stone is released (use then find the value of t.

g = 9.8 m/s2).

Sol.

o t 25 sec

Sol.

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Page # 82 KINEMATICS

100 m/sec at an angle of 60º with the vertical. Find

the time when the particle will move perpendicular to

18. The fig. shows the v-t graph of a particle moving

its initial direction, taking g = 10 m/sec2.

in straight line. Find the time when particle returns to

Sol.

the starting point.

v

20

10

10 20 25 t

Sol.

gx2

21. The equation of a projectile is y = 3 x − . The

2

angle of projectile is ________ and initial velocity is

_______.

Sol.

after projection the velocity of the particle makes an

angle 45º with the X-axis. 4 sec after projection, it

moves horizontally. Find the velocity of projection (use

g = 10 ms–2).

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 83

the horizontal from the top of a tower and strikes the

ground in 5 sec at an angle of 45º with the horizontal.

Find the height of the tower and the speed with which

it was projected. [g =10 m/s2]

Sol.

23. A rocket is launched at an angle 53º to the

it strikes ground after 5 sec. The line of sight from the

horizontal with an initial speed of 100 ms–1. It moves

point of projection to the point of hitting makes an

along its initial line of motion with an acceleration of

angle of 37º with the horizontal. What is the initial

30 ms–2 for 3 seconds. At this time its engine falls &

velocity of projection.

the rocket proceeds like a free body. Find :

(i) the maximum altitude reached by the rocket

37º

(ii) total time of flight

(iii) the horizontal range. [sin 53º = 4/5]

Sol.

Sol.

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Page # 84 KINEMATICS

25. A ball is projected on smooth inclined plane in 27. The horizontal range of a projectiles is R and the

direction perpendicular to line of greatest slope with maximum height attained by it is H. A strong wind now

velocity of 8m/s. Find it’s speed after 1 sec. begins to blow in the direction of motion of the

projectile, giving it a constant horizontal acceleration

= g/2. Under the same conditions of projection, find

8 m/s

the horizontal range of the projectile.

37º Sol.

Sol.

is projected perpendicular to the incline plane with

velocity 20m/s as shown in figure. 28. A butterfly is flying with velocity 10 i + 12j m / s

-1

u = 20 ms and wind is blowing along x axis with velocity u. If

butterfly starts motion from A and after some time

reaches point B, find the value of u.

y

37º

B

Sol.

A 37°

x

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 85

simultaneously. What should be the initial speed of

the left side projectile for the two projectile to hit in

mid-air ?

20m/s

60º 45º

\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

10m

Sol.

lines, in the same plane, with the same speed = 20

cm/s. The angle between the two lines is 60°, and

their intersection point is O. At a certain moment, the

two particles are located at distance 3m and 4m from

O, and are moving towards O. Find the shortest

distance between them subsequently?

30. In the figure shown, the two projectiles are fired

simultaneously. Find the minimum distance between

Sol.

them during their flight?

20 3 m / s

20 m/s

60° 30°

20 m

Sol.

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Page # 86 KINEMATICS

32. Rain is falling vertically with a speed of 20 ms–1 perpendicular to flow of river 200m wide and flowing

relative to air. A person is running in the rain with a with 2m/s. Boat speed in still water is 4m/s. When he

velocity of 5 ms–1 and a wind is also blowing with a reaches half the width of river the passengers asked

speed of 15 ms–1 (both towards east). Find the angle him they want to reach the just opposite end from

with the vertical at which the person should hold his where they have started.

umbrella so that he may not get drenched. (a) Find the direction due to which he must row to

Sol. reach the required end.

(b) How many times more total time, it would take to

that if he would have denied the passengers.

Sol.

vertical can be changed is mounted on a car. The car

moves horizontally with a speed of 2 m/s. At what

angle α with the vertical should the wind screen be

placed so that the rain drops falling vertically

downwards with velocity 6 m/s strike the wind screen

perpendicularly? 35. A man crosses a river in a boat. If he crosses the

Sol. river in minimum time he takes 10 minutes with a drift

120 m. If he crosses the river taking shortest path,

he takes 12.5 minute, find -

(i) width of the river

(ii) velocity of the boat with respect to water

(iii) speed of the current.

Assume vb/r > vr

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 87

1. A speeder in an automobile passes a stationary 3. The speed of a particle when it is at its greatest

policeman who is hiding behind a bill board with a

height is2 / 5 times of its speed when it is at its half

motorcycle. After a 2.0 sec delay (reaction time) the

policeman acceleraties to his maximum speed of 150 the maximum height. The angle of projection is

km/hr in 12 sec and catches the speeder 1.5 km beyond _________ and the velocity vector angle at half the

the billboard. Find the speed of speeder in km/hr. maximum height is _________.

Sol. Sol.

with the same speed v. What is the maximum area on 4. A projectile is to be thrown horizontally from the

ground on which these bullets can spread? top of a wall of height 1.7m. Calculate the initial

Sol. velocity of projection if it hits perpendicularly an incline

of angle 37° which starts from the ground at the bottom

of the wall. The line of greatest slope of incline lies in

the plane of motion of projectile.

Sol.

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Page # 88 KINEMATICS

5. Two inclined planes OA and OB having inclination 6. A particle is thrown horizontally with relative velocity

(with horizontal) 30° and 60° respectively, intersect 10 m/s from an inclined plane, which is also moving

each other at O as shown in figure. A particle is with acceleration 10 m/s2 vertically upward. Find the

time after which it lands on the plane (g = 10 m/s2)

projected from point P with velocity u = 10 3 ms –1 along

a direction perpendicular to plane OA. If the particle 2

10 m/s

strikes plane OB perpendicularly at Q, calculate

A

u B 30°

Q

P Sol.

h

30° 60°

O

(a) velocity with which particle strikes the plane OB,

(b) time of flight,

(c) vertical height h of P from O,

(d) maximum height from O attained by the particle

and

(e) distance PQ

Sol.

→

velocity. A’s speed is 10 m/sec in a direction PQ . The

velocity of B relative to A is 6 m/sec at an angle of,

cos–1(15/24) to PQ. The velocity of C relative to B is

→

12 m/sec in a direction QP , then find the magnitude

of the velocity of C.

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 89

5 2 m/s perpendicular to the surface of a hollow

right angle cone whose axis is vertical. It collides at Q

normally. Find the time of the flight of the particle.

y

P Q

45° x

Sol.

in straight line with uniform speed of 2m/sec. A deer

running with a speed V in front at a distance of 4 5 m

moving perpendicular to the direction of motion of the

elephant. If hunter can throw his spear with a speed

of 10 m/sec. relative to the elephant, then at what

angle θ to it’s direction of motion must he throw his

spear horizontally for a successful hit. Find also the

speed ‘V’ of the deer.

Sol.

vertical can be changed, is mounted on a cart as

shown in figure. The cart moves uniformly along the

horizontal path with a speed of 6 m/s. At what maximum

angle α to the vertical can the wind screen be placed

so that the rain drops falling vertically downwards

with velocity 2 m/s, do not enter the cart?

v=6m/s

Sol.

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Page # 90 KINEMATICS

Exercise - V JEE-Problems

1. Two guns, situated at the top of a hill of height 10

m, fire one shot each with the same speed 5 3 m/s

at some interval of time. One gun fires horizontally

and other fires upwards at an angle of 60° with the

horizontal. The shots collide in air at a point P. Find

(a) the time interval between the firings, and

(b) the coordinates of the point P. Take origin of the

coordinates system at the foot of the hill right below

the muzzle and trajectories in X-Y plane.[JEE’ 1996]

Sol.

smooth plane of inclination θ. From a point P on the

bottom of a box, a particle is projected inside the

box. The initial speed of the particle with respect to

box is u and the direction of projection makes an angle

α with the bottom as shown in figure.

α

P Q

between the point of projection P and the point Q

where the particle lands. (Assume that the particle

does not hit any other surface of the box. Neglect air

2. The trajectory of a projectile in a vertical plane is resistance).

y = ax – bx2, where a, b are constants & x and y are (b) If the horizontal displacement of the particle as

respectively the horizontal & vertical distances of the seen by an observer on the ground is zero, find the

projectile from the point of projection. The maximum speed of the box with respect to the ground at the

height attained is ___________ & the angle of instant when the particle was projected.

projection from the horizontal is ______, [JEE’ 1997] [JEE’ 1998]

Sol. Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 91

the ground it hits the ground and bounces up vertically

to a height d/2. Neglecting subsequent motion and air

resistances, its velocity v varies with the height h

above the ground as - [JEE’ 2000 (Scr)]

v v

d

h h

(A) (B) d

v v

d d

(C) h (D) h

Sol.

moving in a semicircle of radius 1.0 m. The magnitude

of average velocity is - [JEE ‘99] 6. An object A is kept fixed at the point x = 3 m and

A

y = 1.25 m on a plank P raised above the ground. At

time t = 0 the plank starts moving along the +x direction

1m with an acceleration 1.5 m/s2. At the same instant a

B stone is projected from the origin with a velocity u as

(A) 3.14 m/sec (B) 2.0 m/sec shown. A stationary person on the ground observes

(C) 1.0 m/sec (D) zero the stone hitting the object during its downward

Sol. motion at an angle of 45° to the horizontal. All the

motions are in x-y plane. Find u and the time after

which the stone hits the object. Take g = 10 m/s2

[JEE 2000]

y

A

1.25m P

u

O 3.0 m x

Sol.

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Page # 92 KINEMATICS

the x-y plane, a small trolley A is moving along a

straight line parallel to the y-axis (see figure) with a

constant velocity of ( 3 – 1) m/s. At a particular

instant, when the line OA makes an angle of 45° with 8. A particle starts from rest. Its acceleration (a)

the x-axis, a ball is thrown along the surface from the varsus time (t) is as shown in the figure. The maximum

origin O. Its velocity makes an angle φ with the x-axis speed of the particle will be - [JEE’ 2004 (Scr)]

and it hits the trolley.

y a

2

A 10m/s

45° 11 t(s)

O x

(a) The motion of the ball is observed from the frame (A) 110 m/s (B) 55 m/s (C) 550 m/s (D) 660 m/s

of trolley. Calculate the angle θ made by the velocity Sol.

vector of the ball with the x-axis in this frame.

(b) Find the speed of the ball with respect to the

4θ

surface, if φ = . [JEE 2002]

3

Sol.

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KINEMATICS Page # 93

plane starting from rest. Let Sn be the distance For an observer looking out through the window of a

Sn fast moving train, the nearby objects appear to move

travelled from time t = n – 1 to t = n. The S is - in the opposite direction to the train, while the distant

n+1

[JEE’ 2004 (Scr)] objects appear to be stationary.

STATEMENT-2

2n – 1 2n + 1 2n – 1 2n If the observer and the object are moving at velocities

(A) (B) (C) (D)

2n 2n – 1 2n + 1 2n + 1

V1 and V2 respectively with reference to a laboratory

Sol. frame, the velocity of the object with respect to the

observer is V2 – V1

(A) STATEMENT-1 is True, STATEMENT-2 is True;

STATEMENT-2 is a correct explanation for STATEMENT-1

(B) STATEMENT-1 is True, STATEMENT-2 is True’

STATEMENT-2 is NOT a correct explanation for

STATEMENT-1

(C) STATEMENT-1 is True, STATEMENT-2 is False

(D) STATEMENT-1 is False, STATEMENT-2 is True

[JEE’ 2008]

10. The velocity displacement graph of a particle Sol.

moving along a straight line is shown. The most suitable

acceleration-displacement graph will be -

[JEE’ 2005 (Scr)]

v

v0

x0 x

a a

x

(A) (B)

x

a 12. A train is moving along a straight line with a con-

a

x x stant acceleration 'a'. A boy standing in the train

throws a ball forward with a speed of 10 m/s, at an

(C) (D) angle of 60° to the horizontal. The boy has to move

forward by 1.15 m inside the train to catch the ball

back at the initial height. The acceleration of the train

Sol. in m/s2 is [JEE’ 2011]

Sol.

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Page # 94 KINEMATICS

ANSWER KEY

1. Magnitude | a| will remain uncharged. B = a

∆a = B − A = a 2 + a 2 + 2a 2 cos( π − dθ)

–a

= 2a2 (1 − cos θ) ⇒ 2a2 (1 − 1 + 2 sin 2dθ / 2) = 2a sin d θ/2

3 When particle is moving with constant velocity its average velocity and instantaneous velocity will be

same and magnitude of instantaneous velocity will also be same.

∆S

4 VAvg = , ∆S = VAvg × ∆t

∆t

∆S x

5 VAvg = ∆ S = 0 with zero displacement non zero VAvg is not

∆t

possible zero displacement and non zero V is possible if particle

t

is reversing and coming to starting point. Show on x-t graph by an example.

7 Both the ball will hit the ground with same speed.

8 If sack of rice is dropped when it is just above the centre it will fall ahead of circle because sack will

have velocity same as plane in horizontal direction.

9 Ist Curve : at particular time x has more than one value hence not a 1-D motion.

IInd Curve : | V| cannot be negative

IIIrd Curve : Length of a moving body can not decrease with time

10 Ist Curve : A ball moving forward collides with surface rebounds and stops after IInd collision

IInd Curve : A ball repeatedly making inelastic collisions with floor.

IIIrd Curve : Collision of a ball with surface. {Surface has large velocity for short time}

11 (a) is incorrect car can not travel around track with constant velocity as direction is continuously

changing.

(b) correct

12 Ball at maximum height V = 0 for just an instant but acceleration due to gravity.

1

13 Vf = 2gH . Let balls meet after t sec. h1

1 2 1 2 H X

h1 = gt and h2 = Vf t = gt

2 2 h2

H V0=Vf

h1 + h2 = H = Vf t H = 2 gH t t = 2

2g

1 H H

∴ h1 = g = hence they will meet above half height of building.

2 2g 4

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KINEMATICS Page # 95

V2

∴ a= muzzle velocity is more for short barrl and S is also less hence acceleration will be more in that case.

2S

15 Hence we can not conclude that velocity of boat is 5 m/sec w.r.t. shore

VBottle = Vriver ; VB – VR = 5

16 Yes wrench will hit at the same place on the deck irrespective of that boat is at rest or moving because

when boat is at rest wrench will have zero horizontally velocity and when boat is moving both will have

same horizontal velocity.

17 Acceleration of the projectile remains constant throughout the journey = g

18 (a) In child point of view range will be same in both the cases.

(b) In ground frame of reference

VCT = VC – VT

VC = VCT + VT

For front range Vcannon = VC cos θ + VT Range will be more

For Rear range Vcannon = VC cos θ – VT Range will be less

d

19 d t= for tmin cos θ = 1 maximum Hence A will reach opposite end in least time

Vbr Vbr cos θ

15. D 16. C 17. B 18. C 19. C 20 D 21. C 22. D 23. C 24. B 25. B

26. D 27. C 28. B 29. C 30. A 31. A 32. A 33. C 34. A 35. D 36. D

37. C 38. C 39. B 40. B 41. D 42. D 43. B 44. A 45. D 46. A 47. B

48. C 49. B 50. C 51. D 52. B 53. B 54. A 55. C 56. C 57. C 58. C

59. A 60. A 61. C 62. C 63. D 64. B 65. C 66. D 67. B 68. D 69. D

70. C 71. A 72. A 73. A 74. A 75. B 76. B 77. C 78. B 79. B

1. A,B,C,D 2. A,C 3. B,C,D 4. B,D 5. C,D 6. A,C 7. A,C 8. A,D 9. C

10. A,B,C,D 11. B,C,D 12. A,C,D 13. A,B,C 14. C,D 15. D,C 16. A,B,C,D 17. A,B 18. A,B,C,D

19. A,C,D 20. B

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Page # 96 KINEMATICS

1. (a) y2 + 8y + 12 = x ; (b) crosses x axis when t = 4 sec, crosses y axis when t = ± 2 sec.

1 3

4. (a) m / s , (b) m / s 2 , (c) 5. v = –30 i – 40 j, a = –16 i – 8 j 6. a/2b, a2/4b

3 2

2 38 v0 a vel π 2

7. (a) m , (b) m 8. 42 km/hr 9. 10. 3 cm/min 11. 25 m

3 3 – +

h

12. (a) 2.7 km; (b) 60 m/s; (c) 225 m and 2.25 km 13. 240 m 14. 15. 50 m

8g

16. 100 m, zero 17. 5 s 18. 36.2 sec. 19. 20 5 20. 20 sec 21. 60, 2 m/sec.

22. u = 50 ( 3 – 1) m/sec., H = 125 (– 3 + 2)m 23. (i) 1503.2 m (ii) 35.54 sec (iii) 3970.56 m

24. 100/3 m/s 25. 10 m/s 26. 75 m 27. R + 2H 28. 6 m/s 29. 20 × 2/3

–1 1 4

30. 10 m 31. 50 3 cm 32. tan–1 (1/2) 33. tan–1(3) 34. θ = tan ,

2 3

πv 4

1. 122.7 km/hr 2.

g2

3. 60°, tan

–1

( 3/2 ) 4. u = 3m/s 5. (a) 10 ms–1,(b) 2 sec, (c)5 m, (d)

1

16.25 m, (e) 20 m 6. sec 7. 5 m/sec 8. 1 sec 9. 2 tan–1 (1/3) 10. θ = 37°, v = 6 m/s

3

a2 u 2 sin 2α u cos(α + θ)

1. (a) 1 sec, (b) ( (5 3 m, 5 m) 2. , tan –1 a 3. (a) , (b) v =

4b g cos θ cos θ

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