Sunteți pe pagina 1din 840

AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011

Tutorials

AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011 Tutorials April 2010
AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011 Tutorials April 2010
AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011 Tutorials April 2010
AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011 Tutorials April 2010
AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011 Tutorials April 2010
AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011 Tutorials April 2010

April 2010

© 2010 Autodesk, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk, Inc., this publication, or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for any purpose.

Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder.

Trademarks The following are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk, Inc., and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates in the USA and other countries:

3DEC (design/logo), 3December, 3December.com, 3ds Max, Algor, Alias, Alias (swirl design/logo), AliasStudio, Alias|Wavefront (design/logo), ATC, AUGI, AutoCAD, AutoCAD Learning Assistance, AutoCAD LT, AutoCAD Simulator, AutoCAD SQL Extension, AutoCAD SQL Interface, Autodesk, Autodesk Envision, Autodesk Intent, Autodesk Inventor, Autodesk Map, Autodesk MapGuide, Autodesk Streamline, AutoLISP, AutoSnap, AutoSketch, AutoTrack, Backburner, Backdraft, Built with ObjectARX (logo), Burn, Buzzsaw, CAiCE, Civil 3D, Cleaner, Cleaner Central, ClearScale, Colour Warper, Combustion, Communication Specification, Constructware, Content Explorer, Dancing Baby (image), DesignCenter, Design Doctor, Designer's Toolkit, DesignKids, DesignProf, DesignServer, DesignStudio, Design Web Format, Discreet, DWF, DWG, DWG (logo), DWG Extreme, DWG TrueConvert, DWG TrueView, DXF, Ecotect, Exposure, Extending the Design Team, Face Robot, FBX, Fempro, Fire, Flame, Flare, Flint, FMDesktop, Freewheel, GDX Driver, Green Building Studio, Heads-up Design, Heidi, HumanIK, IDEA Server, i-drop, ImageModeler, iMOUT, Incinerator, Inferno, Inventor, Inventor LT, Kaydara, Kaydara (design/logo), Kynapse, Kynogon, LandXplorer, Lustre, MatchMover, Maya, Mechanical Desktop, Moldflow, Moonbox, MotionBuilder, Movimento, MPA, MPA (design/logo), Moldflow Plastics Advisers, MPI, Moldflow Plastics Insight, MPX, MPX (design/logo), Moldflow Plastics Xpert, Mudbox, Multi-Master Editing, Navisworks, ObjectARX, ObjectDBX, Open Reality, Opticore, Opticore Opus, Pipeplus, PolarSnap, PortfolioWall, Powered with Autodesk Technology, Productstream, ProjectPoint, ProMaterials, RasterDWG, RealDWG, Real-time Roto, Recognize, Render Queue, Retimer,Reveal, Revit, Showcase, ShowMotion, SketchBook, Smoke, Softimage, Softimage|XSI (design/logo), Sparks, SteeringWheels, Stitcher, Stone, StudioTools, ToolClip, Topobase, Toxik, TrustedDWG, ViewCube, Visual, Visual LISP, Volo, Vtour, Wire, Wiretap, WiretapCentral, XSI, and XSI (design/logo).

All other brand names, product names or trademarks belong to their respective holders.

Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK, INC. "AS IS." AUTODESK, INC. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS.

Published By: Autodesk, Inc. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael, CA 94903, USA

Contents

Chapter 1

Welcome to the AutoCAD Civil 3D Tutorials .

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 1

Getting More Information

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 2

Setting Up the Workspace

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 3

Saving Your Tutorial Drawings

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 3

Chapter 2

Getting Started Tutorials .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 5

Tutorial: Understanding the AutoCAD Civil 3D User Interface

 

5

Exercise 1: Finding Tools .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 6

   

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 9

Exercise 2: Understanding the Toolspace Exercise 3: Using the Panorama Window

.

Tutorial: Using Basic Functionality

.

.

.

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 12

. 15

Tutorial: Viewing AutoCAD Civil 3D Objects

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 17

Exercise 1: Setting Up the Drawing Window

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 17

Exercise 2: Changing the Display of an Object

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 19

Exercise 3: Viewing a Drawing in Model

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 21

Chapter 3

Points

Tutorials .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 25

Tutorial: Creating Point Data

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 25

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 26

Exercise 1: Creating Description Keys Exercise 2: Creating Point Groups

. Exercise 3: Importing Points from a Database

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 27

. 29

Tutorial: Displaying and Editing Points

. Exercise 1: Displaying an Externally Referenced Drawing

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

.

.

.

.

. 30

31

Exercise 2: Changing the Style of a Point Group

.

.

.

.

.

. 32

Exercise 3: Changing Point Group Display Order

Exercise 5: Editing Points .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 33

Exercise 4: Removing an Externally Referenced Drawing

.

.

.

.

35

. 35

. Tutorial: Adding User-Defined Properties to Points

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 37

Exercise 1: Creating User-Defined Properties

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 37

Exercise 2: Creating a Label Style That Displays a User-Defined

 

Property .

.

. Exercise 3: Assigning User-Defined Properties to Points

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 39

41

Exercise 4: Importing Points with User-Defined Properties

 

42

Exercise 5: Querying User-Defined Property Information

44

Chapter 4

Point

Cloud

Tutorials .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 47

Tutorial: Working with Point Clouds

. Exercise 1: Importing Point Cloud Data Exercise 2: Working with Point Cloud Styles

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 47

. 47

. 50

Exercise 3: Adding Point Cloud Data to a Surface .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 53

Chapter 5

Surfaces

Tutorials .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 59

Tutorial: Creating and Adding Data to a Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 59

Exercise 1: Creating a TIN Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 63

Exercise 2: Adding Point Data to a Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 64

Exercise 3: Adding Breaklines to a Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 65

Exercise 4: Adding an Outer Boundary to a Surface .

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 70

Tutorial: Working with Large Surfaces

. Exercise 1: Limiting Imported Surface Data

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 73

. 74

Exercise 2: Simplifying a Surface

. Tutorial: Changing the Surface Style and Display

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 79

. 81

Exercise 1: Editing the Surface Style

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 82

Exercise 2: Using a Different Style for a Surface

.

.

.

.

.

. 83

Exercise 3: Labeling a Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 84

Tutorial: Editing Surface Data Exercise 1: Swapping TIN Edges

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 86

. 88

Exercise 2: Deleting TIN Lines

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 91

Exercise 3: Adding a Hide Boundary

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 93

Exercise 4: Smoothing a Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 95

Tutorial: Creating a Watershed and Water Drop Analysis

 

96

Exercise 1: Configuring a Style for Watershed Display

97

Exercise 2: Generating a Watershed Analysis

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 98

Exercise 3: Creating a Watershed Legend

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 99

Exercise 4: Extracting Objects from a Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 100

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 101

Exercise 5: Analyzing Surface Water Runoff Tutorial: Generating Surface Volume Information

. Exercise 1: Creating the Base and Comparison Surfaces

.

 

.

.

.

.

. 105

106

Exercise 2: Creating a TIN Volume Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 109

iv | Contents

Exercise 3: Creating a Composite Volume Calculation

Tutorial: Visualizing Surface Data

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

110

. 111

. Exercise 1: Moving Multi-View Blocks to a Surface .

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 111

Exercise 2: Rendering a Surface

. Tutorial: Obtaining an Aerial Image and Draping It on a Surface

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 114

116

Exercise 1: Publishing Surface Data to Google Earth .

 

.

.

.

.

.

. 117

Exercise 2: Importing a Google Earth Image

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 121

Exercise 3: Draping an Image on a Surface

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 124

Chapter 6

Survey

Tutorials .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 129

Tutorial: Survey Setup

. Exercise 1: Creating a Survey Database

. Exercise 2: Setting the Equipment and Figure Prefix

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 129

. 130

Databases .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 130

Exercise 3: Adjusting and Verifying Settings

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 132

. Exercise 5: Setting Up a Linework Code Set

Exercise 4: Setting Survey Styles

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 134

. 135

Tutorial: Importing Survey Data

. Exercise 1: Importing Field-Coded Survey Data

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 136

. 136

Exercise 2: Updating Imported Survey Data

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 139

Tutorial: Viewing and Editing Survey Data Exercise 1: Viewing Survey Data Exercise 2: Editing a Figure

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 144

. 144

. 146

Tutorial: Analyzing and Reducing Survey Data

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 147

Exercise 1: Querying Survey Data Exercise 2: Performing Traverse Analysis

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 148

. 150

Exercise 3: Performing Least Squares Analysis

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 152

Exercise 4: Translating a Survey Database

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 154

Tutorial: Manually Creating Survey Data

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 155

Exercise 1: Creating Survey Data Using the Toolspace Survey

 

Tab .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 156

Exercise 2: Creating Survey Data Using the Traverse Editor Exercise 3: Creating Survey Data Using the Survey Command

160

Window .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 164

Exercise 4: Calculating an Azimuth in The Astronomic Direction

.

Calculator .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 167

. Exercise 5: Creating Figures from Parcels

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 170

Tutorial: Outputting Survey Information

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 171

Exercise 1: Viewing Inverse and Mapcheck Information on a

 

Survey Figure .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 171

Exercise 2: Performing a Mapcheck Analysis with Parcel

 

Labels .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 173

Exercise 3: Performing a Mapcheck Analysis by Manually

 

Entering Data .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. Exercise 4: Working with Mapcheck Data

. Exercise 5: Creating Surface Breaklines from Figures

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

.

.

 

.

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 176

. 179

181

Chapter 7

Project

Management

Tutorials .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 183

Tutorial: Using Data Shortcuts

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 183

Exercise 1: Setting Up a Data Shortcut Folder

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 184

Exercise 2: Creating Data Shortcuts

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 186

Exercise 3: Referencing Data Shortcuts

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 188

Tutorial: Vault Setup

. Exercise 1: Logging In to Autodesk Vault

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 195

. 195

Exercise 2: Creating User Accounts and Groups

 

.

.

.

.

.

. 197

Exercise 3: Creating a Project

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 199

Tutorial: Creating, Referencing, and Modifying Project Object

Data .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. Exercise 1: Adding a Drawing to the Project

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 200

. 201

. Exercise 2: Creating a Reference to a Project Object .

 

.

.

.

.

.

. 202

Exercise 3: Checking Out and Modifying a Project Object

 

204

Exercise 4: Checking In a Project Object

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 205

Exercise 5: Updating a Project Object

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 206

Tutorial: Creating and Modifying Project Point Data

 

.

.

.

.

.

. 207

Exercise 1: Adding Points to a Project

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 207

Exercise 2: Checking Out and Modifying Project Points

 

209

Exercise 3: Checking In Project Points

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 210

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 211

Tutorial: Exporting and Importing Vault Projects Exercise 1: Exporting a Vault Project

. Exercise 2: Importing a Data Shortcut Project into Vault

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 211

212

Chapter 8

Alignments Tutorials .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 213

Tutorial: Creating Alignments

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 213

Exercise 1: Creating an Alignment with the Alignment Layout

 

Tools .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 214

Exercise 2: Adding Free Curves and Spirals to an

 

Alignment

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

.

 

.

.

.

.

. 217

Exercise 3: Adding Floating Curves to an Alignment

 

219

Tutorial: Editing Alignments

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 223

Exercise 1: Editing the Layout Parameter Values of an

.

Alignment

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

.

 

.

.

.

.

. 223

. Exercise 2: Grip Editing an Alignment

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 225

Exercise 3: Applying a Mask to an Alignment

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 227

Tutorial: Working with Offset Alignments

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 232

Exercise 1: Creating Offset Alignments

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 233

Exercise 2: Editing an Offset Alignment

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 236

Exercise 3: Adding a Widening to an Offset Alignment

 

239

Exercise 4: Editing an Offset Widening

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 243

Tutorial: Designing an Alignment that Refers to Local Standards Exercise 1: Drawing an Alignment that Refers to Design

 

248

Criteria .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

. 248

vi | Contents

Exercise 2: Viewing and Correcting Alignment Design Criteria

Violations .

. Exercise 3: Working with Design Checks

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 253

. 256

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 259

Exercise 4: Modifying a Design Criteria File Tutorial: Applying Superelevation to an Alignment

. Exercise 1: Calculating Superelevation for an Alignment

.

.

.

.

.

. 262

262

Exercise 2: Calculating Superelevation for an Individual

 

Curve .

.

.

.

.

.

.

. Exercise 3: Creating a Superelevation View

.

. Exercise 4: Adding and Modifying Superelevation Stations

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 264

. 267

269

Exercise 5: Editing Superelevation Parameters Graphically

 

272

Chapter 9

Profiles

Tutorials .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 275

Tutorial: Designing Simple Profiles

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 275

Tutorial: Using Surface Profiles

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 279

Exercise 1: Creating and Displaying Surface Profiles with

 

Offsets .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. Exercise 2: Changing the Profile Style

. Exercise 3: Reviewing Surface Profile Characteristics

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Tutorial: Using Layout Profiles

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 280

. 282

285

. 287

. Exercise 1: Creating a Layout Profile

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 288

Exercise 2: Editing a Layout Profile

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 292

Exercise 3: Copying a Profile and Offsetting it Vertically

 

294

Tutorial: Designing a Profile that Refers to Local Standards

297

. Exercise 2: Drawing a Profile that Refers to Design Criteria Exercise 3: Viewing and Correcting Profile Design Criteria

Exercise 1: Specifying Profile Design Criteria

.

.

.

.

.

. 298

299

Violations .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 301

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 304

Tutorial: Displaying and Modifying Profile Views Exercise 1: Editing the Profile View Style

. Exercise 2: Adding Hatch Patterns Between Profiles

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 305

310

Exercise 3: Projecting Objects onto a Profile View .

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 314

Exercise 4: Splitting a Profile View

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 321

Exercise 5: Creating Multiple Profile Views

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 324

Exercise 6: Creating Stacked Profile Views

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

. 326

Tutorial: Working with Data Bands

. Exercise 1: Adding Data Bands to a Profile View .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.