Sunteți pe pagina 1din 18

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Micropiles

an Introduction

Micropiles an Introduction GeoProfound Engineering Sdn Bhd

GeoProfound Engineering Sdn Bhd

Micropiles - Timeline 1952 - First introduced in Italy for foundation restoration (underpinning) of WWII

Micropiles - Timeline

1952 - First introduced in Italy for foundation restoration (underpinning) of WWII damaged buildings 1960’s – Widely used in Europe for underpinning old sensitive structures mid 70’s – First introduced in USA (New York & Boston) 1980’s – Being introduced in East Asia Today – ‘Micro-mini Revolution’ worldwide

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Micropile Applications

Micropile Applications Rock Socketting – where driven piles cannot penetrate. Supporting New Loads in Congested Areas

Rock Socketting – where driven piles cannot penetrate.

Supporting New Loads in Congested Areas Seismic Retrofit Arresting Structural Settlement Resisting Uplift/Dynamic Loads Underpinning Excavation Support in Confined Areas

Different Types of Micropiles

Different Types of Micropiles Flexibility – Suits the soil, Suits your needs…

Flexibility – Suits the soil, Suits your needs…

Different Types of Micropiles Flexibility – Suits the soil, Suits your needs…

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Benefits of Micropiles

No.1

Reason

When you have problems of low headroom and restricted access…

Benefits of Micropiles No.1 Reason When you have problems of low headroom and restricted access…
Benefits of Micropiles No.1 Reason When you have problems of low headroom and restricted access…
Benefits of Micropiles No.1 Reason When you have problems of low headroom and restricted access…

Benefits of Micropiles

No.2 Reason :

Benefits of Micropiles No.2 Reason : High Performance •Loading fr 3 – 500 tons! •Higher A

High Performance

•Loading fr 3 – 500 tons!

•Higher A s /A c compared to RC Driven pile

A

s Micropile 4-8% vs A s RC Pile <3%

-> Better in Bending, Lateral Loading

Shear resistance, Seismic performance

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Benefits of Micropiles

Benefits of Micropiles High As/Ac Good for High Lateral/ Seismic Loading

High

As/Ac

Good for

High

Lateral/

Seismic

Loading

Benefits of Micropiles High As/Ac Good for High Lateral/ Seismic Loading

Benefits of Micropiles

No.3 Reason :

Benefits of Micropiles No.3 Reason : Can Penetrate Anything • Drilling thru stiff clay, sandstone, timber,

Can Penetrate Anything

• Drilling thru stiff clay, sandstone, timber, granite (except buried steel).

•Easier penetration in rock compared to bored pile.

(except buried steel). •Easier penetration in rock compared to bored pile. By various creative ways of

By various creative ways of drilling…

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Benefits of Micropiles Can penetrate anything… Wash Boring – Roller (Tricone) Bit Auger Buried Steel
Benefits of
Micropiles
Can penetrate
anything…
Wash Boring – Roller (Tricone) Bit
Auger
Buried
Steel
Down Hole Hammer

Use Down-Hole-Hammer with Air Compressor to drill thru Rock/Granite

Benefits of Micropiles

No.4 Reason :

Flexibility

Benefits of Micropiles No.4 Reason : Flexibility (Many Ways) to adjust to difficult soils… • Enhance

(Many Ways) to adjust to difficult soils…

• Enhance End Bearing

•‘Cross-Breed’ with other Ground Improvement technique…

our Ground Improvement Solutions

our Ground Improvement Solutions Typical Pile Loading Capacity (Geotech+Structural) Depending on soil & pile
our Ground Improvement Solutions Typical Pile Loading Capacity (Geotech+Structural) Depending on soil & pile

Typical Pile Loading

Capacity (Geotech+Structural)

Typical Pile Loading Capacity (Geotech+Structural) Depending on soil & pile structure, some typical working loads :

Depending on soil & pile structure, some typical working loads :

Dia 250mm, Rebar 6T25, 5m socket in

Granite rock

- (70+ tons)

Dia 250mm, API Pipe A s /A c =8%, 40m in soft

soils

- (100 tons)

Dia 150mm, Rebar 3T25, 20m thru soft clay

+ hard sandy silt end-bearing

- (50 tons)

our Ground Improvement Solutions

DESIGN PILE CAPACITY In SOIL (Typical Desi gn using SPT Values) Skin Friction, f s

DESIGN PILE CAPACITY

In SOIL (Typical Design using SPT Values)

Skin Friction, f s = 2N kN/m 2

End Bearing, f b = 400N/3 or 10000 kN/m 2

SOIL (Typical Desi gn using SPT Values) Skin Friction, f s = 2N kN/m 2 End
DESIGN PILE CAPACITY In ROCK (Socketing) Skin Friction – Use extrapolation of SPT (e.g.Granite N=300-500,

DESIGN PILE CAPACITY

In ROCK (Socketing)

Skin Friction – Use extrapolation of SPT (e.g.Granite N=300-500, Sandstone N=200) f s = 2N kN/m 2

Or use Rowe & Armitage (1987):

Skin Fric, f s =0.45 to 0.6(q u ) 0.5

Zhang & Einstein (1998):

End Bearing, f b = 3.0 to 6.6(q u ) 0.5

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Structural Capacity of Piles

Structural Capacity of Piles Typical Reinforcement = Rebar T16, 20, 25, 32 Ultimate Axial Load: f

Typical Reinforcement = Rebar T16, 20, 25, 32

Ultimate Axial Load:

f u = 0.4*f cu *A c + 0.75*f y *A s

Example : 6Y25 rebar in φ250mm micropile, grout grade 30MPa, f y =500 N/mm 2 f u = 1693kN = 169tons

CO$T

RM$150–350 /meter Price Depends on :

Reinforcement Type Rock Socketing ?

Volume (φ) of hole Grouting Method (any post grouting) Location - Accessibility Length/Quantity of piles

? Volume ( φ ) of hole Grouting Method (any post grouting) Location - Accessibility Length/Quantity

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Production Typical Production Wash Boring Φ 250mm x 25m, Drag/roller bit, 4T25 cage, silty soil,3m

Production

Typical Production

Wash Boring Φ250mm x 25m, Drag/roller bit, 4T25 cage,

silty soil,3m casing

2 piles/day

Drag/roller bit, 4T25 cage, silty soil,3m casing 2 piles/day -ditto- sandstone/granite socket 2m, DTH Hammer 2-3

-ditto- sandstone/granite socket 2m, DTH

Hammer

2-3 piles/day

bit, 4T25 cage, silty soil,3m casing 2 piles/day -ditto- sandstone/granite socket 2m, DTH Hammer 2-3 piles/day
bit, 4T25 cage, silty soil,3m casing 2 piles/day -ditto- sandstone/granite socket 2m, DTH Hammer 2-3 piles/day
Typical Manpower Requirement e.g. 100 micropiles, wash bore, φ250mm, 20m, 2 rigs. Rig (2 No.)
Typical Manpower Requirement
e.g. 100 micropiles, wash bore, φ250mm, 20m, 2 rigs.
Rig (2 No.)
1x2 driller
2x2 helpers
Can cut down to
only 8-9 men for
Fabrication
1
welder
concurrent
2
general workers
activity planning
& utilising ready
Grouting etc
2
@ grout mixer
mix or slurry
1
@ agitator tank
pump mixer,
1
pump operator
steel pipe &
crane.
1
hoseman
Production >4
TOTAL
Production
14 men
3 piles/day/rig
piles/day/rig
Overall cost reduction ~ 20-30% by increased production.

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Typical Site Setup Grouting Clearing of new area for Plant Entrance/ setting out Delivery Air
Typical Site Setup
Grouting
Clearing of
new area for
Plant
Entrance/
setting out
Delivery
Air
Compressor
Preparing
to grout
pile here
Access Rd
Water Tank
Current
Drilling
Location
Fabrication
Yard
Drilling
Pump
Small Quantity – Small Piles For small sites, use simpler rigs with lower torque, faster

Small Quantity – Small Piles For small sites,

use simpler rigs with lower torque, faster RPM…

(depending on soil type) e.g. SI rigs

Piles For small sites, use simpler rigs with lower torque, faster RPM… (depending on soil type)

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Small/Constrained sites - SI Rig/ Portable Drill frame e.g. ‘ Jacro ’ is the solution!

Small/Constrained sites - SI Rig/ Portable Drill frame e.g. ‘Jacro’ is the solution!

Small/Constrained sites - SI Rig/ Portable Drill frame e.g. ‘ Jacro ’ is the solution!
Small/Constrained sites - SI Rig/ Portable Drill frame e.g. ‘ Jacro ’ is the solution!

Big Quantity, Small machines…

Big Quantity, Small machines… Tmn Kotamas, Kota Tinggi, Johor
Big Quantity, Small machines… Tmn Kotamas, Kota Tinggi, Johor

Tmn Kotamas, Kota Tinggi, Johor

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Small Quantity, Big machine…

Small Quantity, Big machine… JB Inner Ring Road Johor Bahru
Small Quantity, Big machine… JB Inner Ring Road Johor Bahru

JB Inner Ring Road Johor Bahru

Big Quantity, Big machine…

Big Quantity, Big machine… Vibro unit…
Vibro unit…
Vibro unit…

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Drilling Tools Drilling Rig (Flexible) – Size, Rotary Torque, RPM, maneuverity Drilling Type – Wash

Drilling Tools

Drilling Rig (Flexible) – Size, Rotary Torque, RPM, maneuverity Drilling Type – Wash Bore, Dry Auger, DTH hammer (Rock Drill) Drill Bit & Rods – Drag Bit, Roller Bit, DTH (flat/convex), Tubex. Pump – Recirculating fluid – Diaphragm pump / Piston pump.

Rods – Drag Bit, Roller Bit, DTH (flat/convex), Tubex. Pump – Recirculating fluid – Dia phragm
Rods – Drag Bit, Roller Bit, DTH (flat/convex), Tubex. Pump – Recirculating fluid – Dia phragm

Jack-in- Micropile

Jack-in- Micropile
Jack-in- Micropile

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Monitor drilling parameters :

Thrust Force on Drilling bit Drilling Fluid Flow Rate & Pressure Rotary/top drive RPM Rotary/top drive torque Air Compressor Output Pressure Recirculating Fluid Viscosity

Compressor Output Pressure Recirculating Fluid Viscosity Why? Thrust Force : The thrust force is the force

Why?

Thrust Force : The thrust force is the force acting along the axis of the drill during cutting. The thrust force plays a significant role in the buckling of the drill.

Torque/RPM : The Torque/RPM signifies the power needed by the machine tool to drill the hole. Also, Torque acting on the drill can result in torsional vibrations affecting hole quality.

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T8 Line 2 b4
500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T8 Line 2 b4

T8

Line

2

b4

our Ground Improvement Solutions

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T8 Line 2 After
500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T8 Line 2 After

T8

Line

2

After

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T13 Line 2
500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T13 Line 2

T13

Line

2

our Ground Improvement Solutions

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T8 Line 2
500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T8 Line 2

T8

Line

2

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T38 Line 1
500kV Transmission Line
Micropiling Works
T38
Line
1

our Ground Improvement Solutions

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works T38 Line 1
500kV Transmission Line
Micropiling Works
T38
Line
1

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works

500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works Uplift Load Test
500kV Transmission Line Micropiling Works Uplift Load Test

Uplift

Load

Test

our Ground Improvement Solutions

Solutions for the Difficult Ground www.geoprofound.com

Solutions for the Difficult Ground

www.geoprofound.com