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AVIATION FORMULAS

FORMULA

RTFQ2 = Read The F**** Question Twice !

Distance weight is shifted = ∆𝐂𝐆 𝐱 𝐓𝐨𝐭𝐚𝐥 𝐖𝐞𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭


Weight to be shifted

Distance = Ground speed x time

Ground Speed = Distance / Time

Time = Distance / Speed

Fuel consumed = GPH x Time

GPH = Fuel Consumed / time

Time/Endurance = Fuel consumed / GPH

1mile/60miles = 1°/60miles = x° or miles/miles traveled

TAS = IAS x 2%/1000’

Moment = Arm x Weight

Time to NDBminutes = Time in seconds


Degrees in relative bearing change
Time to VORminutes = Time in seconds
Number of radials Crossed
Distance to NDB(VOR)(nm) = Ground Speed x Time to NDB (VOR)mins
60

Bearing to Station = Magnetic Heading + Relative Bearing

Bearing from the Station = BTS ± 180°


𝑨𝑮𝑳
VOR range(nm) = 1.23 √

DME Slant Range = DME distance2 - Altitude (in nm)2 = True Distance to DME2

Unknown Crosswind Limitation = 20% of Stall Speed

Lift = 𝟏⁄𝟐 . p . v2 . s . cL , where p is air density, v is TAS, s is wing surface area, and
cL is coefficient of Lift
Stall speed increase in a turn - 30° = 1.07 x Vs 45° = 1.19 x Vs 60° = 1.41 x Vs
𝑳𝑶𝑨𝑫 𝑭𝑨𝑪𝑻𝑶𝑹
= Normal Stall speed x √

Accelerate North Decelerate South, Underread North Overread South

100 rpm = 5KIAS = 100’/min

Rate One Turn = 10% of IAS + 7(knots) = Angle of Bank

Rate One Turn = 10% of IAS + 5(mph) = Angle of Bank

𝒕𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆
Non rotating tire hydroplaning speed = 7.7 x √

𝒕𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝒑𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆
Rotating tire hydroplaning speed = 9.0 x √