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MULTI WORDS VERBS

STRUCTURE: VERB + PARTICLE (PREPOSITION OR ADVERB)

TYPES
1) Intransitive phrasal verbs
2) Transitive phrasal verbs
3) Prepositional verbs
a) Type I
b) Type II
4) Phrasal prepositional verbs
a) Type I
b) Type II

1) INTRANSITIVE PHRASAL VERBS (INSEPARABLE)

STRUCTURE: VERB + ADVERB

Examples: break down – go away – come back – sit down – grow up – wake up – come in

• My car broke down.


• Come on! I can’t wait all day!
• The plane took off very late.

2) TRANSITIVE PHRASAL VERBS (SEPARABLE)

STRUCTURE: VERB + ADVERB + OBJECT (separable)


VERB + OBJECT + ADVERB (stressed)

Examples: look up – turn on – turn off – give away – call up – hand in – find out – carry on

• Turn off the lights.


• Turn them off.
• I threw away my old briefcase.

3.a) PREPOSITIONAL VERBS – TYPE I (INSEPARABLE)

STRUCTURE: VERB + PREPOSITION + OBJECT (inseparable and not stressed)

Examples: agree with – look after – look for – believe in – listen to – come across – cope with

• I’m looking for a job.


• Look at the pictures on the wall.
• The doctor will be calling on a number of patients.
3.b) PREPOSITIONAL VERBS – TYPE II (SEPARABLE)

STRUCTURE: VERB + OBJECT + PREPOSITION + PREPOSITIONAL OBJECT (separable)

Examples: accused of – protect from – thank for – remind of – turn into – provide for

• She accused me of lying.


• Did you thank Daniel for helping us?
• They turned the old cinema into a night club.

4.a) PHRASAL PREPOSITIONAL VERBS – TYPE I (INSEPARABLE)

STRUCTURE: VERB + ADVERB + PREPOSITION + PREPOSITIONAL OBJECT

Examples: drop in on – put up with – look down on – do away with – run out of – faced up to

• I’m trying to cut down on sugar.


• I cannot put up with your bad temper.
• I’m looking forward to the summer holidays.

4.b) PHRASAL PREPOSITIONAL VERBS – TYPE II (SEPARABLE)

STRUCTURE: VERB + OBJECT + ADVERB + PREPOSITION + PREPOSITIONAL OBJECT


(Distransitive verbs)

Examples: take sb out – fobb sb off – put down to

• Don’t take it out of me.


• The manager fobbed me off with a lame excuse.
• We put our success down to hard work.
MULTI WORDS VERBS MEANING
1) INTRANSITIVE PHRASAL VERBS (INSEPARABLE)

 Answer back: argue after receiving an order


 Break down: collapse
 Break in: interrupt
 Break off: stop
 Break out: start
 Carry on: Continue
 Catch on: understand
 Come about: Happen
 Drop out: retire
 Fall off: decrease
 Find out: discover the truth
 Get on: make progress
 Give in: stop
 Give out: announce
 Give up: stop, consider oneself beaten
 Go off: explode
 Hang around: wait/doing nothing
 Hold on: wait/cling
 Keep up: continue/remain
 Knock off: stop work
 Look out: be careful
 Make up: use cosmetics
 Ring off: end a telephone conversation
 Ring up: to telephone
 Shut up: be quiet
 Take off: being to fly

2) TRANSITIVE PHRASAL VERBS (SEPARABLE)

 Answer back: argue after receiving an order or rebuke


 Break down: overcome
 Break up: cause to end
 Bring about: Cause to happen
 Bring up: educate
 Call off: cancel
 Carry on: continue
 Carry out: fulfil, proceed with sth.
 Clear out: empty, clean
 Clear up: put in order
 Hold up: stop, delay
 Let down: disappoint
 Let off: not punish
 Loos up: Look in dictionary
 Make out: understand
 Make up: invent
 Pay back: repay a debt
 Put across: communicate
 Put off: postpone
 Take off: deduct
 Throw up: abandon
 Try on: see clothes fit
 Try out: test
 Turn down: refuse

3.a) PREPOSITIONAL VERBS TYPE I (INSEPARABLE)

 Agree with: consent/approve


 Break into: enter
 Come across: find
 Get at: mean
 Get over: recover from
 Go for: dttack
 Go into/Look into: investigate
 Run into: meet
 Stand by: support
 Stand for: represent
 Take after: look like
 Turn on: light

3.b) PREPOSITIONAL VERBS TYPE II (SEPARABLE)

 Accuse of
 Charge with
 Compare with
 Congratulate on
 Deprive of
 Explain to
 Inform of
 Interest in
 Introduce to
 Persuade of
 Prevent from
 Protect from
 Punish for
 Remind of
 Sentence to
 Suspect of
 Thank for
4.a) PHRASAL PREPOSITIONAL VERBS TYPE I (INSEPARABLE)

 Get Along with: friendly


 Fill in for: to substitute
 Run out of: consumed
 Be fed up with: have enough of
 Catch up with: He’s catching up with the leaders
 Cut down on: reduce consumption of
 Drop in on: visit somebody
 Face up to: be realistic
 Get away with: escape the penalty of
 Go back on: break a promise
 Keep up with: to follow sb/sth pace/rhythm
 Put up with: bear/tolerate
 Stand up for: support
 Stand up to: not refuse to fight

4.b) PHRASAL PREPOSITIONAL VERBS TYPE I (SEPARABLE)

 Fob off with (try to persuade)


 Take out on: retaliate
 Put down to: attribute to