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Backwards Design

Area: Social Studies Geography


Grade Level: Second Grade
Topic: The Thirteen Colonies

Stage 1- Desired Results


Established Goals:
Concept 1: The World in Spatial Terms
PO 3. Construct a map of a familiar place (e.g., school, home, neighborhood, fictional
place) that includes a title, compass rose, symbols and key (legend).

PO 5. Recognize characteristics of human and physical features:


a. Physical (i.e., ocean, continent, river, lake, mountain range, coast, sea, desert)
b. Human (i.e., equator, Northern and Southern Hemispheres, North and South
Poles)

PO 6. Locate physical and human features using maps, illustrations, images, or globes:
a. Physical (i.e., ocean, continent, river, lake, mountain range, coast, sea, desert)
b. Human (i.e., equator Northern and Southern Hemispheres, North and South Poles,
city, state, country)

Concept 2: Places and Regions


PO 1. Identify through images of content studied (e.g., Japan, China, United States)
how places have distinct characteristics.

Understandings: Essential Questions:


Students will understand…  Have you ever seen a map of the
 Where the Thirteen Colonies are United States?
located in the United States.  What are the Thirteen Colonies?
 Which states make up the  Where are the Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies. located?
 The location of each state  What states make up the Thirteen
 How to label the Thirteen Colonies?
Colonies on the map.
Students will know… Students will be able to…
 Where the Thirteen Colonies are  Locate the area in which the
located in the United States. Thirteen Colonies are located in
 How to identify the states on the the United States.
map of the United States.  Name and identify the states on
 How to label the states on the the map that make up the
map of the United States. Thirteen Colonies.
 Label the states that make up the
Thirteen Colonies on a map of the

Original Lesson Plan by: Sanayya Sohail


United States.
Stage 2- Assessment Evidence
Performance Tasks: Other Evidence:
Students demonstrate desired  Each activity will be graded
understanding throughout the unit: throughout the unit using a
rubric.
Introduction, Explicit  During ‘Guided Practice’,
Instruction/Teacher Modeling counting how many names they
identified initially.
Guides Practice/Interactive Modeling
 At the end of the unit students
& Independent Working Time:
will take the unit exam where
 Students identify the colonies as they label all thirteen colonies on
the teacher points at them. a map.
 Students use abbreviations to
label the states.
Expanded:
 Students write five informational
facts that were gained through
research of a specific colony.
 Students draw a picture for each
fact.
 Students label and divide a
picture of a map of the Thirteen
Colonies.
 Students paste together the states
to re create the map of the
Thirteen Colonies.
Assessment:
 Students complete the Thirteen
Colonies activity worksheet.
Review and Closing:
 Students independently identify
on their individual maps of the
states mentioned in the closing
video.
Judging of Understanding:
 Students will informally be
assessed during the lesson by
completion of activities.
 Students that score 75% or less

Original Lesson Plan by: Sanayya Sohail


will not be considered to have a
full understanding.

Stage 3- Learning Plan


Learning Activities:

Introduction:
The students will be asked if they know from previous background knowledge what
the Thirteen Colonies is. They will then be asked if they can identify any of the
thirteen colonies. After discussion, a map of the United States will be presented and
the students will be asked if they can identify where the states are located. A group
discussion will review correct answers.

Teacher Modeling:
The students will be asked to come around large map of the United States on the
table in the classroom. As a class, the first thirteen colonies will be pointed out on
map. The students will de directed to say each colony aloud twice. Students will be
asked to break down each name of the colony by syllables. These activities will help
with memorization and spelling.

Guided Practice:
Students will complete the Colonial Word Search activity worksheet in partners or
small groups. This is where students will familiarize themselves with the names of
the thirteen colonies. After completion, students will be directed to on the back of
the worksheet list as many colonial names as they can remember without looking on
the other side. Once the entire class is finished, list the names on the board, and
have the students count how many they identified. Point out the states on the map
for review and practice.

Independent Activity:
Each student will be given a map of the thirteen colonies. Using plain white
computer paper students will be asked to trace the map onto the piece of paper. The
states are labeled using abbreviations. On the back of the re created map the
students should list the abbreviations with the name of the thirteen colonies.

 Students will pick a specific colony and research about it. They will write
informational facts that they learned from the research. A picture should be
drawn that relates to each fact.
 Students will separate states using scissors into individual pieces. The
individual piece s of states will be labeled and put back together constructing
a new map.
Assessment:
Students will take an exam on the thirteen colonies. They will be asked to identify
and label them on a map of the United States.

Original Lesson Plan by: Sanayya Sohail


 This will be a formal way of assessment.
Review and Closing:
The unit will come to a close with a video. The video played is ‘The Colonies Song”.
Closed captioning will be turned on for students to follow along to the lyrics. The
class using their maps will follow along pointing out each state when it is mentioned
in the video.

Original Lesson Plan by: Sanayya Sohail