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GSM

Introduction

Radio

Network

Planning

1. Radio Network Planning Introduction

1.1.Make sure the amount of sites and corresponding site location in planning area

1.2. Make sure cell parameter: Antenna Type, Height, Direction (Azimuth) ,Down tilt and efficiency radiate power and so on

1.3.Make sure the TRX number of cell configuration

1.4.Make sure frequency configuration

1.5.Make sure radio resource parameter

2. Procedures of radio network planning and Optimization procedures of radio network planning

and Optimization procedures of radio network planning 2.1. Detailed procedures of radio network planning 2.1.1.

2.1.Detailed procedures of radio network planning

2.1.1. Information Gathering and requirement analysis

2.1.2. Propagation model testing and emendation

2.1.3. Capacity Planning

2.1.4. Site Survey

2.1.5. Coverage Planning and cell design

2.1.6. Frequency Planning

2.1.7. Network planning emulation

2.1.8.

Network parameter planning

2.1.9. Planning report writing and checking

2.1.10. Information Gathering

2.1.11. requirement analysis

2.1.12. propagation model testing and emendation

2.1.13. Coverage Prediction

2.1.14. BTS Site Layout

2.1.15. Site Survey

2.1.16. Coverage Planning using software

Site location data antenna input power antenna orientation data antenna height antenna downtile antenna azimuth
Site location data
antenna input power
antenna orientation data
antenna height
antenna downtile
antenna azimuth
propagation model
Electromagnetism power requirement
nd down link balanceable parameter

overlay and planning repor

network planning soft parameter adjust
network planning soft
parameter adjust

2.2.Frequency duplication technology

digital electronic map

2.2.1. Standard grouping

2.2.2. Max Reuse Pattern (7x3, 4x3, 3x3 etc)

2.2.3. Multilayer technology

2.2.4. Concentric round technology

2.3.Anti-jamming measure

2.3.1. Frequency hopping (two type hopping mode: 1x3 & 1x1)

2.3.2. Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)

2.3.3. Dynamic power control (DPC)

2.4.Interference analysis

2.4.1. Definition of Interference of Co-frequency & Interference of Adjacent Frequency

2.4.2. co-channel interference protection rate C/I≥9dB

2.4.3. adjacent channel interference protection rate

2.4.4. 4x3 frequency reuse model

2.4.4.1. C/I = 18dB >> 12dB.

2.4.5. 3x3 frequency reuse model

C/A ≥ 9dB

2.4.5.1. C/I = 13.3dB >12 dB [Comparatively not good than 4x3

model]

4 x 3 frequency reuse pattern A1 A2 A3 D1 A1 B1 D2 D3 A2
4 x 3 frequency reuse
pattern
A1
A2
A3
D1
A1
B1
D2
D3
A2
A3
D1
A2
B2
B3
C1
B1
D2
D3
A1
C2
C3
B2
B3
C1
A2
A3
D1
B2
A1
C2
C3
B1
D2
D3
A2
A3
D1
B2
B3
C1
A2
B1
D2
D3
A1
C2
C3

2.5.Cases of Radio Network Planning

2.5.1. Case of capacity layout

3 x 3 frequency reuse pattern

A3

B3

A3

A1 A1 A2 A3 C1 A2 A3 B1 C2 C3 B1 C2 D1 A1 B2
A1
A1
A2
A3
C1
A2
A3
B1
C2
C3
B1
C2
D1
A1
B2
B3
A1
B2
B3
D2
D3
2
A3
C1
A2
A3
C1
A2
C1
B1
C2
C3
B1
C2
C3
C2
C3
2
B3
A1
B2
B3
A1
B2
D1
D2
D3

C3

A3

C1

 

C2

C3

B3

A1

 

A2

A3

2.5.1.1. For example a city require coverage area is 150sq km, and require

capacity is 2.5k Erlang, GOS=2%, average traffic

2.5.1.2. Given condition is 0.025 Erlang per user and useable frequency of

GSM900 is 6.2MHZ. This is operator defined parameter.

2.5.1.3. With usable bandwidth is 6.2MHZ, usable ARFCN is 31 (formula:

6.2M/200K = 31), BCCH adopt 4*3 reuse pattern.

2.5.1.4. Duplication. TCH adopt 1*3 hopping, hopping burthen is 50%, keep

a frequency between BCCH and TCH for isolation, so the maximum site type is

S444

2.5.1.4.1. Total BCCH ARFCN required for 4x3 frequency pattern =12.

2.5.1.4.3.

One ARFCN must be separated for guard band in between BCCH

and TCH. Therefore remaining ARFCN for TCH = 19 -1 = 18.

2.5.1.4.4. Now ARFCN remaining per cell is 18/3 = 6.

2.5.1.4.5. With 50% hopping load 6 ARFCN can handle 3 TRX. Note: with 1x3

hoping mode max hopping load supported is 50%. If the hopping load exceeds 50% then network quality will degrade. Network with hopping load less than 50% can also be designed.

2.5.1.4.6. Therefore the max site configuration is 1 + 3 = 4 [1BCCH + 3 TCH

= 4 Carrier]. That is S444 configuration.

2.5.1.4.7. With above site configuration, there are 32 channels (Time Slots) in

every cell, 1 BCCH channel, 2 SDCCH channels, and 29 TCH channels is configured in general.

2.5.1.4.8. GOS=2%, checking Erlang B to get every cell traffic is 21.04Erl and

users is 21.04/0.025=841, so a single site could contain 841*3=2523 users per

site.

2.5.1.4.9.

Minimum

sites:

2500/0.025/2523=40,

it

indicates

if

all

sites’

configuration is S444, at least 40 sites can meet 2500Erl.

2.6.Base Station Identity Code planning (BSIC)

2.6.1. BSIC = NCC + BCC

2.6.1.1. NCC = network color code [Decimal value range 0-7]

2.6.1.2. BCC = Base Station color code [Decimal value range 0-7]

2.6.2. BSIC should be planned in a such a way that the base station with same BCCH and BSIC should be far away at least such BTS should not be in neighbor or in interference area. Because BSIC is the parameter through which BSC distinguish the BTS with same BCCH.

2.7.Hopping Sequence Number planning (HSN)

2.7.1. HSN is radio parameter especially for frequency hopping. Its decimal value range is 0 to 64. Where HSN “0” mean frequency hopping in cycle mode. For hopping mode HSN from 1 – 64 is assigned in such a fashion that the repetition of same HSN in neighbor sites are avoided. However it could be same for GSM900 or

DCS1800.

2.7.2. When planning HSN, there are two ways of planning

2.7.2.1. Assign same HSN for all three sectors. In this case the MAIO

(mobile allocation index offset) should be different for each cells

of one BTS.

2.7.2.2. Assign different HSN for all three sectors. In this case the

MAIO must be same.

2.7.2.3. Among these two strategies first one is preferred. Because

the probability collision of MA is less in first strategy.

 

sect

BCC

HSN

MAI

MA

MA

 

MA

MA

 

MA

MA

   

or

H

O

1

2

3

4

5

6

1

F20

HSN

0,2,

F1

F2

 

F3

F4

 

F5

F6

1

4

   

2

F21

HSN

0,2,

F7

F8

 

F9

F10

 

F11

F12

1

4

   

3

F22

HSN

0,2,

F13

F14

F15

F16

 

F17

F18

1

4

 

One way of planning HSN, MAIO, MA for Hopping

 

sect

BCC

HSN

MAI

MA

MA

 

MA

MA

 

MA

MA

 

or

H

O

1

2

3

4

5

6

1

F20

HSN

0,2,

F1

F4

 

F7

F10

 

F13

F16

1

4

   
 

2

F21

HSN

1,3,

F2

F5

 

F8

F11

 

F14

F17

   

Channel Distribution Strategy

 
           

traffic/

       

Carri

Control

Surplus

 

TCH

 

PDCH

 

TCH

TCH

er

channel

 

SDCCH

channel

channel

user

 

cell

channel

ERL

user

1

 

8

 

SDCCH/4

 

1

7

 

117

2.0592

 

1

 

2.28

91

1

 

8

 

SDCCH/8

 

2

6

 

91

1.6016

 

1

 

1.66

66

2

 

16

 

SDCCH/8

 

2

14

 

327

5.7552

 

1

 

7.4

296

3

 

24

 

SDCCH/8

 

2

22

 

595

10.472

 

2

13.18

527

4

 

32

2*SDCCH/8

 

3

29

 

841

14.8016

2

19.27

770

5

 

40

2*SDCCH/8

 

3

37

1130

19.888

 

3

25.53

1021

6

 

48

2*SDCCH/8

 

3

45

1424

25.0624

4

31.92

1276

7

 

56

3*SDCCH/8

 

4

52

1685

29.656

 

4

38.39

1535

8

 

64

3*SDCCH/8

 

4

60

1985

34.936

 

4

45.87

1834

GSM900

 

o

Uplink 890

915 MHz

 

o

Downlink 935

960 MHz

o

Duplex separation is 45MHz carrier frequency separation is 200 KHz

EGSM

o

Uplink 880

890 MHz

 

o

Downlink 935

935 MHz

o

Duplex separation is 45MHz carrier frequency separation is 200 KHz

DCS1800

 

o

Uplink 1710

1785 MHz

 

o

Downlink 1805

1880 MHz

 

o

Duplex separation is 95MHz carrier frequency separation is 200 KHz

P-GSM900

 

o

Fl (n) = 890 + 0.2

n MHz

o

Fu (n) = Fl(n) + 45

MHz

1

n

124

 

o

n

stands for ARFCN

 

E-GSM900

 

o

Fl (n) = 890 + 0.2 (n-1024)

975

n

1023

o

Fu (n) = Fl(n) + 45

MHz

0

n

124

 

DCS1800