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UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR

MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL AND BIOENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY

CPB 30303 OIL AND FAT PROCESS TECHNOLOGY

MINI PROJECT PROPOSAL

Title: Fibreboard from Mesocrap Fruit Bunches (MF)

Prepared by:

No. Name Id Number


1. Wan Faizah Johor Bt Fu-ad Johor 55213115186
2. Magdalyn Empina Anak Serit 55213115126
3. Siti Rohani Bt Abdul Rahim 55213115136
4. Farah Hani Bt Mohd Faizal 55213115318
5. Nurul Farihah Bt Abu Sairi 55213115254

Prepared for: Dr. Amin Safuan


Date of submission: 10/11/17
Proposal of Oil & Fat Technology Mini Project

Project Overview

In this project, mesocarp fruit bunches (MF) is utilised for the fibreboard production. Mesocarp
fruit bunches or also known as, oil palm mesocarp fibre (OPMF) is one of the main waste
generated from palm oil mill processing. It is the solid waste discharged by the process of
extracting oil from the palm fruit’s mesocrap. Along with the rapid increases of palm oil mill
industry, the waste produced has also increase significantly. However, the disposing of the
palm oil waste has been a great challenge for the government and the manufacturers. Until
today, most of these wastes are being disposed into the waste ponds or burnt in open. This
has contribute to the changes in global climate, as those wastes would emit methane and
carbon dioxide. For this project, mesocrap fibre would undergo few processes to produce a
good quality fibreboard. The process began with the selection and refinement of raw materials.
Then, it will go through several pressing steps to get a more useable size before being sanded
using belts coated for a smooth finish. A final product can be manufacture into various type of
furniture or many other applications. Above all, producing the fibreboard from mesocarp fibre
can help to reduce the waste greatly.

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Proposal of Oil & Fat Technology Mini Project

Introduction

Malaysia is one of the largest producer and exporter of palm oil production. Overtime,
oil palm industry has increased significantly in our country and this phenomenon has
contributed to the massive quantities of biomass waste from the palm oil mill processing. In
other words, as the oil palm production capacity or the processing of fresh fruit bunches
increases, the waste produced is increasing as well.

The waste from this process is classify into two waste, which are solid waste and liquid
waste. There are three type of solid waste, which are mesocarp fruit bunches (MF), empty fruit
bunches (EFB) and palm kernel shell (PKS). The mesocarp fruit bunches, empty fruit bunches
and palm kernel shell average amount are 13.5%, 23% and 5.5% respectively. On the other
hand, palm oil mill effluent (POME) is the liquid waste produced from cooling water and
sterilizing process.

Mesocarp fibre and palm kernel nut are the wastes from the process of extracting oil
from palm fruit. After that process, mesocarp fibre is been separated from palm kernel nut by
using cyclone separator.

Figure 1: Mesocarp fibre

Mesocarp fibre, as shown in figure 1 is an elongated cellulose with average length of 30-50mm
("Mesocarp fibre", n.d.). It contain calorific value for about 19000kJ/kg, less than 6% oil residue
and its moisture content is 32%. Other than that, it contain 2.2% of Nitrogen and 53.1% of
Carbon.

There are many applications of mesocarp fibre including biomass material, mattress
fibreboard, cushion, carpet and organic fertilizer.

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Proposal of Oil & Fat Technology Mini Project

Problem Identification

Mesocrap fibre is a solid non-toxic waste that comes from oil palm mill processing during the
process of extracting the oil from the palm fruit. The average amount of mesocrap fibre waste
produced per each palm oil production is quite high. Normally, it will either be disposed by
burning it openly or use it as a fertiliser. However, open burning practises has contribute to air
pollution and changes in global climate. On the other hand, it does work as a fertiliser until the
farmers refuse to use it because of the pests that usually found in oil palm shows same interest
towards palm waste fertilizer. Mesocrap fibre would not decompose easily if it is being
abandoned somewhere but it would definitely causing a land pollution.

Objectives

This project highlight on important factors as follow:

- This study demonstrates the potentials of using mesocrap fruit bunches as fibreboard
materials
- Fibreboard made up of mesocrap fruit bunches reduced the rate of palm oil mill wastes

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Proposal of Oil & Fat Technology Mini Project

Grant Chart

Table 1 shows the planning and details about the project execution, classified according to
specific week.

Table 1: Project steps and their respective week of completion

Week
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Task

Submission of Proposal

Research on production

Project Planning

Video production on the process

Progress report

Report Submission

Key personnel

Figure 2 shows the hierarchy for high committee members who have been chosen for this
program.

PROJECT MANAGER
Magdalyn Empina Anak Serit

RESEARCHER RESEARCHER FINANCIAL MANAGER QA&QC MANAGER


Siti Rohani bt Abdul Farah Hani bt Wan Faizah bt Fu-Ad Nurul Farihah bt Abu
Rahim Mohd Faizal Johor Sairi

Figure 2: The organization chart for high committee members

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Proposal of Oil & Fat Technology Mini Project

References

How fiberboard is made - material, manufacture, making, history, used, processing, parts,
steps, product. Madehow.com. (2017). Retrieved 1 November 2017, from
http://www.madehow.com/Volume-3/Fiberboard.html

Mesocarp fibre. Hoongchan.com. Retrieved 1 November 2017, from


http://www.hoongchan.com/mesocarp_fibre.htm

Zafar, S. (2015). Biomass Wastes from Palm Oil Mills. BioEnergy Consult. Retrieved 1
November 2017, from https://www.bioenergyconsult.com/palm-biomass/