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KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTIONS AND PARTICIPATION SOCIETY

TOWARD SPACE UTILIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY


IN BENGKULU CITY

Summary

Department of Environmental Science

By:

NEFA YULIA
07/259803/PMU/4986

THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF


GADJAH MADA UNIVERSITY
YOGYAKARTA
2014
KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTIONS AND PARTICIPATION SOCIETY
TOWARD SPACE UTILIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY
IN BENGKULU CITY

by
NefaYulia
07/259803/PMU/4986

ABSTRACT

The need for the use of space in the city of Bengkulu continue to increase in
line with increased activity of the community and the accompanying social and
economic activities. Changes in the utilization of space that are not appropriate with
the spatial plan, which can have negative impacts on the environment. This research
aims to analyze the knowledge, perception and participation society. Furthermore, to
analyze the relationship between age, education, economic level, the role of the mass
media, and socialization toward the knowledge level of the community, and to
analyze the relationship of knowledge, perception and participation society toward
space utilization of environmentally friendly in Bengkulu city.
The collecting of the research data used survey method using questionnaire
that given to 125 respondents. The samples used multi stage random sampling
technique, which of the city of Bengkulu, another part was taken under Section
Regional City ( BWK ), then selected from each of the districts BWK, the urban
districts that would have been taken the sampling community. Furthermore the
sample selected randomly (random sampling). The assessment was done by giving a
score to each question in the questionnaire and then analyzed by descriptive
qualitative.
The results showed that the knowledge society tended to medium at 56 %.
The public perception tended to medium at 62 %. Community participation tended to
medium at 50,4 %. The more often the mass media convey information about the
space utilization of public knowledge will be higher. The higher the knowledge
society, the higher community participation toward space utilization of
environmentally friendly. The higher the education, the level of the economy and the
role of the mass media to further improve the knowledge of the population. The
higher the population, the increase of knowledge and perception of resident
participation. The increasing perception of the participation of the population is also
increasing.

Keywords: spatial utilization, environmentally friendly, knowledge, perception,


participation.
33KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTIONS AND PARTICIPATION SOCIETY TOWARD
SPACE UTILIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY
IN BENGKULU CITY

Summary

I INTRODUCTION

Environmental problems are basically derived from human activity in the activity
does not care about sustainability and environmental balance. People have always tried to
make ends meet and do not consider that excessive activity in exploiting the environment to
meet the needs will exceed the ability of the environment to support life.
The problems associated with the change in utilization of space or less space
utilization in accordance with the carrying capacity of the environment has caused
environmental damage and loss felt by the community. In the rainy season there are some
areas that are prone to inundation and flooding. Garbage in Bengkulu city is also one of the
environmental problems. Trash enough to be a problem in certain locations such as markets,
terminals, shopping malls and other places densely populated. Problems also occur
settlement that is the high density neighborhoods that appear slums in the area around the
center of trade and services.
In order to ensure environmental sustainability and balance the utilization of natural
resources in the city of Bengkulu in accordance with the principles of sustainable
development, it is in the interests of long-term environmentally sound utilization of space
must still be addressed either by the government as well as by implementing community as
supporters and those who feel the state of the environment. Event space utilization will
affect the environment. The knowledge society needs to be known beforehand because
knowledge is a process of socialization that people experience in studying and taught, in this
case is about the space utilization of environmentally friendly. This was followed by the
advent of perception and public participation on the space utilization of environmentally
friendly in cities Bengkulu.Partisipasi community will show its existence in response to each
policy and the government's development program. Society is not only a spectator but also
can participate in development activities, especially in the use of space and environment
management.
The objectives of this research are as follows:
1. Analyzing public knowledge about the space utilization of environmentally friendly in
the city of Bengkulu.
2. Analyzing the public perception of the space utilization of environmentally friendly in
the city of Bengkulu.
3. Analyzing the public participation in the space utilization of environmentally friendly
that supports the maintenance of spatial plan the city of Bengkulu.
4. Analyzing the relationship between age, economic level, education, and the role of mass
media and disseminate the knowledge level of the community to space utilization of
environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu.
5. Analyze the relationship between knowledge, perception and participation to space
utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu.
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II LITERATURE REVIEW

Utilization of space is a series of activities the implementation of development


programs that utilize the space according to the time period specified in the spatial plan
(Muta'ali, 2006). Ritohardoyo (2008) states, that form the structure of spatial utilization of
the region are influenced or determined by the distribution, level of availability, as well as
crochet hooks benefits of natural resources of an area.
Koentjaraningrat (1990) states that knowledge is the elements that fill the mind and
soul of a person's human nature conscious, actually contained in the brain. This means that
the knowledge related to the amount of information received by a person. Furthermore,
according to Soekarno (2001), knowledge is the impression in the mind of a person as a
result of the use of the five senses. According Walgito (2002), knowledge is to know a new
object hereinafter be attitude toward the object of knowledge when it is accompanied by a
readiness to act in accordance with the knowledge about the object. Someone has a certain
attitude toward an object, it means the person has to know about the object.
Perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting and organizing
information related to feelings (Sarwono, 1992). Human perception stems from the map
cognition (cognitive maps). How the human brain imaging environment is stored in a spatial
network (spatial network). This structure connects the memory / experience of the past to
perceive events, ideas and emotions today. Cognitive perception is experienced by every
person in understanding the information about the environment, whether through sight,
hearing, appreciation, feelings, and olfactory (Thoha, 2005). According to Duncan in Thoha
2005 that perceptions can be formulated in various ways, but in the science of behavior,
especially psychology, the term is used to mean the act is more than just listen, see or feel
anything.
According awang (2003), participation is active and meaningful involvement of the
mass of the population at different levels such as: (a) in the process of forming the decision
to determine the societal goals and the allocation of resources to achieve these goals; (b) the
conduct of programs and projects voluntarily and uniform distribution; and (c) use of the
results of a program or project. According Soetrisno (1995), circulated two types of
definitions of community participation (society). The first is the definition of a formal
development planners means that public participation in support of the development projects
that are designed and specified purpose by the planner. While the second definition and
universally applicable is that community participation is a close cooperation between the
planners and the community in planning, implementing, preserve and develop the results of
development that has been achieved.
Tanjung (2003) mentions non-biological resources as a component of the abiotic
environment, biological resources as a component of the biotic environment, as well as
human resources and man-made resources in the works and human initiative known as the
culture environmental component or social economic and cultural environment. This
concept states that the environment is composed by a physical, biological, social economic
and cultural component or ABC environment abbreviation of abiotic, biotic and culture
environment.
Aspects of climatology, geological, geomorphological, hydrological, biotic, and
human and socio diverse cultures studied very important in managing resources for the
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welfare of the nation's territory. In addition to review aspects of the environment, the natural
disaster that occurred in every region of the province, district / municipality should be
criteria in regional development planning and implementation. As a tropical country, the
vision of development in Indonesia needs to establish itself as a strong agricultural country
through the concept of agro production, agro-industrial, agro-business, agro-technology, and
agro-socio-culture and tourism. This approach can reduce the risk of environmental
degradation and natural disasters invitation if managed properly in accordance with the
carrying capacity of the environment, therefore the next national development priority on
improving the quality of human resources and mastery of science and technology to life.
Resource management area/ continuous space can be achieved by considering the ecological
sustainability of economic, resource and environmental management, technological and
socio-cultural sustainability (Worosuprojo, 2008).

Framework
Urban spatial planning is a process that involves many parties with the aim to use
that space to give prosperity to the community for the sake of ensuring sustainable
livelihoods. cooperation between the government, the private sector and the community to
be important in disseminating spatial structure, so that the shape of space utilization will be
as planned. Utilization of this urban space always will be faced with environmental
problems, both environmental abiotic, biotic and social. Therefore, community activities
must also be controlled and monitored so that they take advantage of the space in
accordance with the utilization of space in spatial planning. Changes in the use of functions
that affect the quality of the space environment causes urban areas are in a condition that
threatens the sustainability of urban development. Therefore required public role in
expediting the process towards the maintenance of environmental quality. However, it is
society that occupy this space and directly or indirectly, can also damage the environment.
Besides, the community also can be a controller in activities that occur space utilization.
Utilization of environmentally sound urban space is a space that combines utilization and
consider environmental factors, as well as support in an effort to preserve the environment.
Society has a considerable effect on the utilization of space. Knowledge and
perceptions are formed will indicate participation in the utilization of space. Said to be
positive or high participation if such participation support smooth joint venture achieve the
desired goal, contrary to negative or low participation, if it becomes a burden, a barrier and
slow down activity or joint venture. Participation can be in the form of donations physical,
energy and thought.
According Notoadmodjo (2003) knowledge is influenced by several internal and
external factors. Internal factors include: education, perception, motivation, experience.
While external factors affecting knowledge includes: environmental, social, economic,
cultural and information. The public has an important role in achieving development.
According to Habib (1995), the progress of a nation is determined by the ability to form
values and attitudes and perceptions of the challenges that exist. Culture of continuous
transformation occurs. If the knowledge and perceptions of the purpose and benefits of
development activity is high enough, then the public will be more fully accepted these
activities. If the knowledge, perceptions of development activity is quite high, and they fully

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accept the attitude of development activities, then they will participate actively in the
implementation of the development activities (Ritohardoyo, 2003).
From the above, the starting point of thinking of this research, which is to examine
the knowledge, perception and participation. Community participation will demonstrate
community involvement in supporting and helping the passage of government programs.
The higher the level of community participation, the higher of public participation in the
space utilization of environmentally friendly so that will be good cooperation between the
government and the community in realizing the of the general plan of Bengkulu. By
knowing the knowledge, perception and public participation will be found also the direction
of alternative recommendation and useful solutions for the government and the people
associated with on going the space utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of
Bengkulu.

III RESEARCH METHODS

This study will be conducted using a survey method with descriptive nature.
Qualitative approach, because the focus of the analysis on the appointment of meaning,
description, purification and placement of data on the context of each and are often
described in the words of the figure. Locations were selected purposively is deliberately
chosen. This study is located in the city of Bengkulu which is the main town in the province
of Bengkulu. The data used in this study include primary data and secondary data that
reflects the purpose of research. The population of this research is all the people of
Bengkulu. In this study a very broad sampling locations for sampling used the multi-stage
random sampling technique which of the city of Bengkulu, taken part again is based on City
Regions (BWK), then selected one district of each BWK, in this district selected villages
will taken sampling society. Furthermore randomly selected community sample (random
sampling). In each of these villages were taken 25 samples. So the overall sample in this
study were 125 respondents.
Data processing was performed to analyze the data of knowledge, perception and
public participation as well as the factors that influence people's knowledge in the space
utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu. Primary data processing is
done in several stages, namely: (1) Editing namely inspection questionnaire data, (2) Scoring
any data, (3) Tabulating that stage of data processing in the form of a table, (4) Data analysis
is the process of simplification of data into form that is easy to read and interpret.
Qualitative descriptive data analysis is done based on the test table or crosstab cross the
analytical method is simple but has a power strong enough to explain, then the correlation
test to explain the relationship between variables.

IV DESCRIPTION OF AREA BENGKULU CITY

Geographically, the city of Bengkulu is located at coordinates 30 ° 45 '- 30 ° 59'


south latitude and 102 ° 14 '- 102 ° 22' east longitude. Administratively, Bengkulu City has a
total land area of 144.52 km². Bengkulu city lies at an altitude of between 0-100 m / asl.
Based on climate classification, the climate of this area classified as type A (Wet Tropics)
with humidity 70-87%. The average annual temperature between 25º - 27ºC with monthly
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rainfall ranges from 230-620 mm. In general, the center of the Geological Map Sheet
Bengkulu and surrounding scale 1: 250,000, occupied by some young volcanoes.
Hydrological conditions in Bengkulu city is divided into two (2) parts, ie surface water
hydrology and groundwater.
Vegetation conditions in the city of Bengkulu consist of natural vegetation and
cultivated vegetation. Natural vegetation that occurs without human intervention (farmed)
are mostly located in protected forest areas, the city of Bengkulu. Based on the results of the
2010 Population Census enumeration, the population of the city of Bengkulu amounted to
308.544 inhabitants. Bengkulu City residents come from three major tribes clumps
consisting of Rejang, Serawai, ethnic Malays. The economic growth of Bengkulu in 2010 in
the range of 6.39 per cent. In 2011 be decreased by 6.16 percent, then the economic growth
of Bengkulu rose again by 0.14 per cent in 2012 and in 2013 the economic growth of 6.44
percent Bengkulu city. The contribution of trade, hotels and restaurants in the city of
Bengkulu economy is still very dominant.
Composition of undeveloped land and did not wake up almost the same.
Undeveloped land area of 52.59 km² (34.66%) and the remainder is non woke land. Types of
land use non-awakened enough to dominate in the city of Bengkulu is an area of 20.41 km²
mixed gardens and shrubs covering 27.28 km². Facilities include a complete education in the
city of Bengkulu ranging from kindergarten (TK) to college.

BAB V DEMOGRAPHIC, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF


POPULATION

Age and Sex Composition


Based on data collection is done randomly obtained population data consisting of as
many as 82 men and women as much as 43. Judging from the age of the population aged 20-
34 years were 26 male population and 25 women, aged 35-49 years male population -laki as
much as 44 and 16 women, aged ≥ 50 years male population as much as 12 and women 2.
population aged 35-49 had the highest percentage that is equal to 48% the number of 60
inhabitants.

Economic status
Economic status of the population that has been measured by using a few questions
then any answers have been designed on the basis of the score assigned, so it is known that
the economic status of the population tends to moderate 54.4%. Residents who have a high
economic status of 38.4% while the low economic status of only 7.2%.

Education
Education is the internal factors that affect people's knowledge of the activities of
environmentally sound utilization of space. Most of the population is at 44.8% graduated
from high school. Besides, there are also people who continue their education to a higher
level.

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Community Activities
The role of residents in community activities everyday ie 7.2% were government
officials, 6.4% Management / Device Village / Stakeholder traditional / religious leaders and
rest as much as 86.4% are members of the public. Residents who follow or join social
organizations / NGOs is only 15.2%, 84.8% did not follow the rest of the social
organizations / NGOs.

Culture
A total of 77.6% has been implanted everyday behavior in his family to get used to
always pay attention to the environmental conditions. A total of 32.8% of the population and
67.2% stated no claim there is no culture / customs rules around the houses require to
preserve the environment in the utilization of space.

Maintaining Confidence Environment According to Religion


Some 56% of the population are very confident that after the environment is a
religious duty that must be met. A total of 40.8% is quite sure, 1.6% less confident, 0.8%
were not sure and 0.8% of the population is skeptical that after the environment is a religious
duty that must be met.

Role of Mass Media in the City of Bengkulu


Amounted to 46.4% of the population considers that the mass media is a very
important source of information. A total of 43.2% of the population considers the mass
media is quite important, 9.6% of the population considers the mass media is less important,
and 0.8% of the population considers the mass media is not important as a source of
information to determine the various activities of the government in the city of Bengkulu.

Socialization Event Space Utilization


A total of 84% stated in the place they have never done socialization, only 16% said
never done socialization / notification regarding the use of space of the Spatial Plan (RTRW)
Bengkulu City.

BAB VI KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND PARTICIPATION

Knowledge Against the Space Utilization of Environmentally Friendly


Lack of knowledge on the space utilization of environmentally friendly is divided
into three categories: low, medium and high. From the research, it is known that the
knowledge of the population towards environmentally sustainable utilization of space in the
city of Bengkulu tend to be medium with a percentage of 56%. More detail can be seen in
Table 1 below.

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Table 1. Population Knowledge of the space utilization of environmentally friendly
in the city of Bengkulu
Percentage
No. Population Knowledge Total (Population)
(%)
(1) (2) (3) (4)
1 Low 19 15,2
2 Medium 70 56
3 High 36 28,8
Jumlah 125 100
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Lack of knowledge is good enough, where people know the utilization of space that happens
around them, people are seeing the direct action the space utilization of environmentally
friendly, as well as direct feel the benefits and impact of the utilization of space.

Perception Against the Space Utilization of Environmentally Friendly


Perception of the population against the space utilization of environmentally friendly
is divided into three categories: low, medium and high. The higher the public perception
indicate that the more positive people's understanding of the the space utilization of
environmentally friendly. From the description of the research that has been described
previously, it is known that the public perception of the space utilization of environmentally
friendly in the city of Bengkulu was medium with a percentage of 62.4%. For more details
can be seen in table 2 below.

Table 2. Perceptions of Population Against the space utilization of environmentally friendly


in the city of Bengkulu
Total Percentage
No. Population Perception
(Population) (%)
(1) (2) (3) (4)
1 Low 27 21,6
2 Medium 78 62,4
3 High 20 16
Jumlah 125 100
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Perception of the population is quite good for the in the city of Bengkulu. Population have
been realized and fairly understood that the utilization of space should be in line with
environmental preservation. Persespi population should be increased in an effort to further
raise awareness of the use of space activities in line with environmental preservation.

Participation Against the Space Utilization of Environmentally Friendly


Participation of the population against the the space utilization of environmentally
friendly is divided into three categories: low, medium and high. The higher participation of
the population shows that the public is increasingly concerned about the environment and
supporting the activities of the government in managing the utilization of space. From the
research, it is known that the participation of the population towards the space utilization of

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environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu was medium with a percentage of 50.4%.
For more details can be seen in Table 3 below.

Table 3. Participation of Population Against the space utilization of environmentally friendly


in the city of Bengkulu
Total Percentage
No. Population Participation
(Population) (%)
(1) (2) (3) (4)
1 Low 6 4,8
2 Medium 63 50,4
3 High 56 44,8
Jumlah 125 100
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Participation is quite good and has a population of concern to participate in the use of space
by taking into account environmental conditions. Good participation is going to facilitate the
realization of community development, in which include the interaction of two actors,
namely the government with the community.

Relationship Between Age, Education, Economic Status, Role of Mass Media and
Socialization with Public Knowledge Level
Knowledge is influenced by several internal and external factors. According
Notoadmodjo (2003) Internal factors include: education, perception, motivation, experience.
While external factors affecting knowledge includes: environmental, social, economic,
cultural and information. Some of these factors will be its impact on people's knowledge in
the space utilization of environmentally friendly. In this research will see its influence on the
knowledge of the population is age, education, economic status, the role of the mass media,
and socialization.
The following will be discussed one by one relationship between age, education,
economic status, the role of the mass media, and socialization with the level of knowledge of
the population.
Table 4. Relationship Knowledge with Age Population
Population Age Population (year)
No.
Knowledge 20-34 % 35-49 % ≥ 50 % Total
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
1 Low 11 20,8 7 12,1 1 7,1 19
2 Medium 26 49,1 36 62,1 8 57,1 70
3 High 16 30,2 15 25,9 5 35,7 36
Total Low 100 58 100 14 100 125
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Relationship with the knowledge age population by Table 4. note that knowledge of
the population at the age of 20-34, 35-49 and over 50 years tend to be moderate with the
respective percentage of 49.1%, 62.1% and 57.1%. Highest level of knowledge of low
population, occurred at the age of 20-34 years as many as 11 residents. Knowledge of the
population are most, occurred at the age of 35-49 years were 36 respondents and most high
level of knowledge of the population, occurs at age 20-34 years as many as 16 residents.
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Results of correlation analysis obtained correlation between age and knowledge of
the population (r) was 0.111. This shows that there is a very low correlation between age and
knowledge of the population. While the direction of the relationship is positive for positive r
value, the higher the mean age of the population, the more increase the knowledge of the
population. To Determine the level of significance was performed using two-tailed test with
a significance level of a = 5%, the test is done 2 sides. Level of significance to test the
relationship between age and knowledge of the population is known that the significance
level of ≥ 0.05 is equal to 0.219 so that it can be stated that the relationship between age and
knowledge society towards the space utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of
Bengkulu not significant.

Table 5. Relationship Knowledge with Education Population


Education Population
Population
No. Not Schools Akademi/
Knowledge % SLTA % % Total
/SD/SLTP University
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
1 Low 4 22,2 8 14,3 7 13,7 19
2 Medium 12 66,7 35 62,5 23 45,1 70
3 High 2 11,1 13 23,2 21 41,2 36
Total 18 100 56 100 51 100 125
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Relation between education and knowledge of the population based on Table 5


shows that the knowledge of the population at every level of education tend to be medium
with the respective percentages 66.7%, 62.5% and 45.1%. Low level of knowledge of the
population and are mostly in the population with a high school education, each as much as 8
and 35 residents. The most high-level knowledge of the population is a population with
education Academy / University of as many as 21 residents. Results of correlation analysis
obtained correlation between education and knowledge of the population (r) was 0.234. This
shows that there is a weak relationship between education and knowledge of the population.
While the direction of the relationship is positive because the value of r is positive, it means
that the higher education of the population, the more increase the knowledge of the
population. Based on the level of significance to test the relationship between education and
knowledge of the population is known that the significance level ≤ 0.05 is 0.009 so that it
can be stated that there is a significant relationship between education and knowledge of the
population towards the space utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu

Table 6. Relationship Knowledge with Economic Status Population


Population Economic Status Population
No.
Knowledge Low % Medium % High % Total
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
1 Low 3 33,3 11 16,2 5 10,4 19
2 Medium 4 44,4 37 54,4 29 60,4 70
3 High 2 22,2 20 29,4 14 29,2 36
Total 9 100 68 100 48 100 125
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

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Economic relations with the knowledge resident status based on Table 6 shows that
the knowledge of the population in every economic status tend to be moderate with the
respective percentages of 44.4%, 54.4% and 60.4%. The level of knowledge of the
population of low, medium and high most residents with moderate economic level, each of
11, 37 and 20 residents. Results of correlation analysis obtained correlation between the
economy with knowledge of the population (r) was 0.358. This shows that there is a weak
relationship between the economy with knowledge of the population. While the direction of
the relationship is positive because the value of r is positive, it means that the higher the
level of the economy, the population increase the knowledge of the population. Based on the
level of significance to test the relationship between the economy with knowledge of the
population is known that the significance level ≤ 0.05 is equal to 0.000 so that it can be
stated that there is a significant relationship between the economy with knowledge of the
population towards the space utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu.

Table 7. Relationship Knowledge with Mass media


The States Ever Expressed About Of The Mass
Population
No. Media Have A Knowledge Of Space Utilization
Knowledge
Never % Ever % Total
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
1 Low 8 34,8 11 10,8 19
2 Medium 13 56,5 57 55,9 70
3 High 2 8,7 34 33,3 36
Total 23 100 82 102 125
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Mass media relations with knowledge of the population based on Table 7 shows that
the population of the states never expressed of the mass media have a knowledge space
utilization being with a percentage of 56.5%. Likewise, the population of the states ever
expressed about of the mass media have a knowledge of space utilization with the
percentage being 55.9%. Results of correlation analysis obtained correlation between the
role of the mass media with knowledge of the population (r) was 0.337. This shows that
there is a weak relationship between the role of the mass media with knowledge of the
population. While the direction of the relationship is positive because the value of r is
positive, it means that the greater the role of the mass media to further improve the
knowledge of the population. Based on the level of significance to test the relationship
between the role of the mass media with knowledge of the population is known that the
significance level ≤ 0.05 is equal to 0.000 so that it can be stated that there is a significant
relationship between the role of the mass media with knowledge of the population towards
the space utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu.

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Table 8. Relationship Socialization with Knowledge
No.
Population Socialization about Space Utilization
Knowledge Never % Ever % Total
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
1 Low 17 16,2 2 10 19
2 Medium 59 56,2 11 55 70
3 High 29 27,6 7 35 36
Total 105 100 20 100 125
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Socialization relationship with knowledge based on Table 8 shows that residents who
claimed never to be disseminated on the utilization of space has knowledge of being with a
percentage of 56.2%. Likewise, the population of the states ever be disseminated to have
knowledge about the use of space are the percentage of 55%. Results of correlation analysis
obtained correlation between the socialization of space utilization with knowledge of the
population (r) was 0.062. This shows that there is a very low correlation between the
socialization of space utilization with knowledge of the population. While the direction of
the relationship is positive because the value of r is positive, it means that the higher the
socialization of the space utilization increase the knowledge of the population. Based on the
level of significance to test the relationship between the socialization of space utilization
with knowledge of the population is known that ≥ 0.05 significance level that is equal to
0.496 so that it can be stated that the relationship between the socialization of space
utilization with knowledge of the population towards the space utilization of
environmentally friendly of Bengkulu not significant.

Relationship Between Knowledge, Perception and Participation Population


Knowledge, perception and participation will have relevance in an activity which in
this study is the utilization of environmentally sound space. In the population with
knowledge of high, medium and low levels of perception which are respectively 69.4%,
62.9% and 47.4%. For more details can be seen in Table 9.

Table 9. Relationship Knowledge with Perception


Population Population Knowledge
No.
Perception Low % Medium % High % Total
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
1 Low 8 42,1 15 21,4 4 11,1 27
2 Medium 9 47,4 44 62,9 25 69,4 78
3 High 2 10,5 11 15,7 7 19,4 20
Total 19 100 70 100 36 100 125
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Results of correlation analysis obtained correlation between knowledge and


perception of the population (r) was 0.288. This shows that there is a weak relationship
between knowledge and perception of the population. While the direction of the relationship
is positive because the value of r is positive, it means that the higher the population, the
more knowledge increases the perception of the population. Based on the level of
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significance to test the relationship between knowledge and perception of the population is
known that ≤ 0.05 significance level that is equal to 0,010 so that it can be stated that there is
a significant relationship between knowledge and perception of the population towards the
space utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu. Greatly affect the
perception of visible knowledge of a significant relationship between knowledge and
perception. The higher knowledge of the population, the more increases the perception of
the population.
Residents who have medium and low knowledge levels of participation were
respectively 60.0% and 57.9%. As for people who have high knowledge has a high
participation rate of 72.2%. For more details can be seen in Table 10.

Table 10. Relationship Knowledge with Participation


Population Population Knowledge
No.
Participation Low % Medium % High % Total
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
1 Low 4 21,1 2 2,9 0 0 6
2 Medium 11 57,9 42 60,0 10 27,8 63
3 High 4 21,1 26 37,1 26 72,2 56
Total 19 100 70 100 36 100 125
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Results of correlation analysis obtained correlation between knowledge and


participation of the population (r) was 0.555. This shows that there is relationship between
knowledge and perception are resident. While the direction of the relationship is positive
because the value of r is positive, meaning the higher knowledge of the population, the more
increase resident participation. Based on the level of significance to test the relationship
between knowledge and perception of the population is known that the significance level ≤
0.05 is equal to 0.000 so that it can be stated that there is a significant relationship between
knowledge and participation of the population towards the space utilization of
environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu.

Table 11. Relationship Perception with Participation


Population Population Perception
No.
Participation Low % Medium % High % Total
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
1 Low 3 11,1 3 3,8 0 0 6
2 Medium 14 51,9 37 47,4 12 60,0 63
3 High 10 37,0 38 48,7 8 40,0 56
Total 27 100 78 100 20 100 125
Source: Results of Primary Data Analysis, 2014

Based on Table 11. it is known that people who have a low perception has a
participation rate of 51.9% moderate. Residents who have moderate perception has a high
participation rate of 48.7%. As for people who have a high perception of participation levels
are at 60%. Results of correlation analysis obtained correlation between perception and
participation of the population (r) was 0.181. This shows that there is a very low correlation
between perception and participation of the population. While the direction of the

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relationship is positive because the value of r is positive, it means that the higher the
population, the more increase resident participation. Based on the level of significance to
test the relationship between knowledge and perception of the population is known that ≤
0.05 significance level that is equal to 0.043 so that it can be stated that there is a significant
relationship between perception and participation of the population towards the space
utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu.

VII Conclusion and Suggestion

Conclusion
Based on the results of research and discussion that has been described previously, it
can be concluded as follows:
1. Residents have a medium knowledge of 56%. This indicates that the population has
been fairly good knowledge, where people know, see directly, and immediately felt the
benefits and impact of the space utilization of environmentally friendly.
2. Residents have a medium level of 62.4% persespsi towards the space utilization of
environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu. Residents have been realized and
fairly understood that the utilization of space should be in line with environmental
preservation.
3. Residents have a participation rate of 50.4% were against the space utilization of
environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu. Population directly involved in the
utilization of space in line with environmental preservation. Residents have the
potential to participate more actively. The potential of which is public knowledge and
perceptions have a good in terms of space utilization of environmentally sound.
4. There is a significant relationship between education and knowledge, the knowledge
economy, the role of the mass media with knowledge of the population towards the
space utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu. Where the higher
education, the level of the economy and the role of the mass media to further improve
the knowledge of the population. While the relationship of age to the knowledge, and
socializing with people's knowledge on the space utilization of environmentally friendly
in the city of Bengkulu not significant.
5. There is a significant relationship between knowledge and perception, and perception of
knowledge with the participation of the participation of the population towards the
space utilization of environmentally friendly in the city of Bengkulu. The higher
knowledge of the population, the more increases the perception and participation of the
population. The increasing perception of the population, the participation of the
population is also increasing.
6. Some of the solutions and recommendations on the space utilization of environmentally
friendly in the city of Bengkulu that can be done:
a. The government needs to be to maintain and improve service to the public, so that
the public perception, the better.
b. The government should run the program so that education and the economy is
increasing, in addition to the public also should have the awareness and willingness
to improve the education and economy

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c. The mass media in the city of Bengkulu expected to further increase the intensity in
conveying information about the utilization of space, and environmental
management issues.
d. Socialization on the space utilization of environmentally friendly need to be
intensified and increase community participation in the dissemination of the space
utilization of environmentally friendly.
e. Community participation in social activities is expected to be improved.
f. Culture / customs rules to preserve the environment must be maintained and applied
in space utilization.
g. Society should be more equipped on religious knowledge related to environmental
maintenance so as to raise public awareness to preserve the environment in space
utilization.

Suggestion
1. Governments and institutions environmentalists need to socialize or more effective
approach to the community to increase awareness in the space utilization of
environmentally friendly.
2. Expected persespsi society should be increased in an effort to further raise awareness of
the use of space activities in line with environmental preservation.
3. People should be more involved in the space utilization of environmentally friendly.
Communities should be involved directly in the space utilization of environmentally
friendly for the public also feel both positive and negative impact of the utilization of
space.
4. The activities of control and supervision should be made to supervise the utilization of
space in accordance with the planned.
5. The government is advised to increase the role of local media in socialization RTRW
Bengkulu City and activity space utilization.
6. Participants are expected to play an active role in the implementation the space
utilization of environmentally friendly.

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