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Design of Unburned Clinker Silo Based on BS EN 1991-4:2006

A. SILO CONFIGURATION

1 Material = Clinker
Material
2 Weight of Material Stored in Storage Silo = 35000 Ton
3 Thickness of RCC Wall of Storage Silo = 650 mm
4 Average thickness of Top Slab of Silo = 0 mm Cement
5 thickness of Inverted Cone = 0 mm Clinker
6 EL. of Cone Bottom above GL = 0.00 M Flyash
7 EL. of Top of Top Slab above GL = 0.00 M Raw Meal
8 Max. Level of Filling below Silo Top = 0.00 M Slag

13.00
9 Height of av. Material Storage from Cone Bott = 0.00 M
10 Internal Diameter of Storage silo D = 40 M
11 Angle of Repose fr = 33 0 0 Seismis
33 Zone
12 Mean Angle of Internal Friction fm = 33 0
13 Slenderness Ratio (hc / dc) = 0.75 I
14 Silo Type = Squat Silo II
15 Temperature of Hot Material inside T1 = 150 o
C 40.00 III

27.500

25.500
16 Temperature of Outside Atmosphere T0 = 5 C
o
IV
17 Bulk Density of Stored Material l = 1.8 T/M 3
V
18 Outside temperature at the time of first Tc = 5 o
C
19 Seismic ZonIII Z = 0.16
20 Dead & Live Loads for Structural Shed = 1 T/M
21 Basic Wind speed = 47 M/sec
22 Grade of Conc. for wall (Characteristic Strength = 30 N/mm2
23 El. of Top of Inverted Cone above GL = 0.00 M
24 Angle of Inverted Cone a = 0 o

25 Thickness of RCC Wall below Cone Support = 0 mm


26 Axial Force Imposed on Top = 13 Ton
27 Yield Stress of Reinfocement = 500 N/mm2
28 Grade of Conc. For foundation = 30 N/mm2
29 Maximum eccentricity of filling ef = 0 M
30 Maximum eccentricity of outlet e0 = 0 M

B. CAPACITY CALCULATION
Volume Part 1 = 32044 M3
Volume Part 2 5445
TOTAL = 37490 M3
Weight of material = 67481 T Considering density of material 1.8 T/M3 for structural design
C. DESIGN OF SILO WALL
Design parameters to determine Silo Forces
(a) A = Plan Cross-sectional area of the Silo = 1256.6 M2
(b) D = Internal Diameter of the Silo ( Bin ) = 40.00 M
(c) h = Height of the Bin = 38.50 M
(d) U = Internal perimeter of the Silo = 125.66 M
(e) R = A/U = 10.00 M
(f) g = Bulk Density of Stored Material = 1.80 T/M3
(g) fim = Mean angle of internal friction = 33 O
(h) f (max) = Maximum angle of internal friction (af X fim) = 39.60 O

(i) f (min) = Minimum angle of internal friction (fim / af)) = 27.50 O

(j) Km = Mean lateral pressure ratio = 0.38


(k) K (max) = Maximum lateral pressure ratio (Km X ak) = 0.498
(l) K (min) = Minimum lateral pressure ratio (Km / ak) = 0.290
(m) mm = Mean wall friction coefficient for solid sliding on the vertical wall = 0.62
(n) m (max) = Maximum wall friction coefficient (mm X am) = 0.663
(o) m (min) = Minimum wall friction coefficient (mm / am) = 0.579
(p) c = Patch load solid reference factor = 0.7
op

1 Determination of Lateral pressure, Vertical pressure and Frictional traction for Symmetrical filling load condition

Phf (z) = Horizontal pressure at depth Z = Pho*YR(z) (T/M2)


Pwf (z) = Wall friction traction at depth Z = m*Phfj(z) (T/M2)
Pvf (z) = Vertical pressure at depth Z = g*Zv(z) (T/M2)
nzSk = The resulting characteristic value of the vertical force in the wall after fillin = ∫0z Pwf(z)dz
= m*Pho*(z-zv) T/M
ho = r/3*tanfr = 4
zo = (1 / (K*m))*(A / U) M
Pho = g*K*zo = g*1/m*A/U = (T/M2)
n = - (1+tan fr)(1-ho/zo) -1.44 ( for maximum normal pressure calculation )
-1.41 ( for maximum frictional traction calculation )
-1.53 ( for maximum vertical load calculation )
zv = ho-1/(n+1)*(zo-ho-{(z+zo-2ho)^(n+1)/(zo-ho)^n}
YR (z) = 1-[{(z-ho)/(zo-ho)}+1]n
zo = 34.67 M ( for maximum normal pressure calculation )
zo = 30.28 M ( for maximum frictional traction calculation )
zo = 59.49 M ( for maximum vertical load calculation )
Pho = 31.06 (T/M2) ( for maximum normal pressure calculation )
Pho = 27.13 (T/M2) ( for maximum frictional traction calculation )

Z Zv nzSk(V)
(M) Vertical (T/M)
1st Stage2nd Stage3rd Stage4th Stage5th Stage

0.00 4.329 0.00


1.82 6.106 0.92
3.64 7.798 3.59
5.46 9.412 7.87
7.29 10.953 13.65
9.11 12.427 20.81
10.93 13.838 29.26
12.75 15.191 38.92
14.57 16.490 49.69
16.39 17.738 61.51
18.21 18.938 74.31
20.04 20.093 88.04
21.86 21.207 102.63
23.68 22.281 118.03
25.50 23.317 134.21

Axial Force in Vert. Wall


= 17413
at 0.000 M Level T
Angle of internal Lateral pressure Wall frcition Patch
Unit Angle of friction (fi) (0) ratio (K) coefficient (m) load solid
Weight repose reference
fim af Km aK mm am
(l) (T/M3) (fr) (0) factor
Mean Factor Mean Factor Mean Factor (Cop)
1.6 36 30 1.22 0.54 1.2 0.51 1.07 0.5
1.8 33 33 1.2 0.38 1.31 0.62 1.07 0.7
1.5 41 35 1.16 0.46 1.2 0.72 1.07 0.5
1.3 36 30 1.22 0.54 1.2 0.56 1.07 0.5
1.2 39 36 1.09 0.45 1.11 0.57 1.16 0.4

0.05
0.1
0.16
0.24
0.36